Study sets matching "science geology"

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Study sets matching "science geology"

22 terms
Science - Geology
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Crust
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
A type of rock that forms when magma or lava cools and crysta…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
The thin outer layer of the earth that contains the earths co…
Metamorphic Rock
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Igneous Rock
A type of rock that forms when magma or lava cools and crysta…
12 terms
Science - Geology
metal
minerals
ore
igneous rocks
a material that lets electricity and heat move through it
solid, natural materials that do not come from a living thing
a rock that has useful metals or other minerals inside it
rocks formed when hot magma cools
metal
a material that lets electricity and heat move through it
minerals
solid, natural materials that do not come from a living thing
18 terms
SCIENCE GEOLOGY
Crust
Mantle
Core
lithosphere
The crust is earths solid and rocky outer layer, including bo…
The thick layer of the earth below the crust that is made of…
Made of iron and nickel; ranges from about 2,000 degrees Cels…
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
Crust
The crust is earths solid and rocky outer layer, including bo…
Mantle
The thick layer of the earth below the crust that is made of…
Science-Geology
Mineral
Element
Atom
Compound
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a crystalline struct…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
The smallest part of an element that has all the properties o…
A substance made of two or more elements that have been chemi…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a crystalline struct…
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
33 terms
Science (geology)
Geologic
Latitude
Longtitude
Equator
The study of earths products and it's origin
The north and south measurement on earths surface
The east and West Point on the earths surface
An imaginary line on earths surface that strikes right down t…
Geologic
The study of earths products and it's origin
Latitude
The north and south measurement on earths surface
24 terms
Science- Geology
how many layers of earth are there
name the four layers of earth in order…
The crust makes up _% percent of the e…
The core of the earth is like a ball o…
4
crust mantle outer core inner core
1
metals
how many layers of earth are there
4
name the four layers of earth in order…
crust mantle outer core inner core
Science - Geology
Igneous Rock
How does the speed of cooling affect g…
Examples of Igneous Rock
How do you identify whether a rock is…
Rock formed from cooling and solidifying magma (molten lava)
Slow Cooling - Large grains (Intrusive) . ... Fast Cooling - Sma…
Obsidian, granite, basalt, pumice
Mafic - Dark colour, heavy weight... Felsic - Light colour, ligh…
Igneous Rock
Rock formed from cooling and solidifying magma (molten lava)
How does the speed of cooling affect g…
Slow Cooling - Large grains (Intrusive) . ... Fast Cooling - Sma…
11 terms
Science, geology
All of the matter, energy, and the pro…
The geosphere is the mostly ______, __…
The 3 layers of the geosphere are the…
Name the layer of the Geosphere that i…
Earth system
Solid, Rocky
Crust, Mantle, Core
Core
All of the matter, energy, and the pro…
Earth system
The geosphere is the mostly ______, __…
Solid, Rocky
10 terms
Science - Geology
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
River
The loosening of particles from rock or other parts of the ea…
The picking up and moving of particles from rock or other par…
The placing or settling of particles from rock or other parts…
Water slowly loosens materials from the river bed in the curr…
Weathering
The loosening of particles from rock or other parts of the ea…
Erosion
The picking up and moving of particles from rock or other par…
29 terms
Science: Geology
Plate Tectonics
Continental Drift
When did the scientific community acce…
Divergent Boundary (ocean-ocean)
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and as…
The movement of the continents across the earth's surface.
1960's
move apart at a mid-ocean ridge, adds new crust --Mid-Atlanti…
Plate Tectonics
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and as…
Continental Drift
The movement of the continents across the earth's surface.
18 terms
Science Geology
rock
rock cycle
erosion
deposition
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
the process in which material is laid down
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
Science- Geology
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Layers of the Earth
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lav…
Formed when sediment is deposited out of air, ice, wind, grav…
Created by the physical or chemical alteration by heat and pr…
1. Inner Core (1300km)... 2. Outer Core (2200km)... 3. Mantle (2836…
Igneous Rock
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lav…
Sedimentary Rock
Formed when sediment is deposited out of air, ice, wind, grav…
25 terms
science geology
crust
mantle
outer core
inner core
earths outermost layer
the molten layer under the crust
the layer under the mantle made of molten nickel and iron
the layer under the outer core molten nickel and iron kept so…
crust
earths outermost layer
mantle
the molten layer under the crust
11 terms
Science - Geology
outcrop
crust
rocks
geologist
an area where Earth's crust is exposed
earth's outer layer of solid rock
a solid earth material usually made up of two or more minerals
a scientist who studies rocks, minerals and the earth
outcrop
an area where Earth's crust is exposed
crust
earth's outer layer of solid rock
Science/Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
System
Geology
the present is the key to the past and slow change over vast…
presence of sudden, short-lived, violent events
a set of connected things forming a whole (the Earth is an op…
the study of the Earth, including its structure, composition,…
Uniformitarianism
the present is the key to the past and slow change over vast…
Catastrophism
presence of sudden, short-lived, violent events
Geology science
Geologist
Crust
Rock
Geology
A scientist that studies earth
The first layer of earth
A large mass of stone
The study of planet earth
Geologist
A scientist that studies earth
Crust
The first layer of earth
Science- Geology
Geology
Rock
Rock cycle
Sedimentary rocks
The study of the Earth.
a piece of the Earth made from two or more minerals.
How rocks are formed destroyed,and formed into other rocks.
Rocks formed when sediments cement together.
Geology
The study of the Earth.
Rock
a piece of the Earth made from two or more minerals.
5 terms
Science- Geology
Mudstone is... (Type of rock)
Limestone is... (Type of rock)
Sandstone is... (Type of rock)
Basalt is... (Type of rock)
Sedimentary as it is formed from clay particles, forming a rock
Sedimentary as it forms from dead animal and plant material f…
Sedimentary as it forms from sand particles forming a rock.
Igneous as it is formed near magma and from molten rock
Mudstone is... (Type of rock)
Sedimentary as it is formed from clay particles, forming a rock
Limestone is... (Type of rock)
Sedimentary as it forms from dead animal and plant material f…
Science geology
Breakage
Color
Continental Drift
Cooling
How a mineral breaks, For example, cleavage or fracture
The color of the mineral observed by the human eye
The theory that tectonic plates have moved slowly
Process responsible for turning magma into igneous rocks.
Breakage
How a mineral breaks, For example, cleavage or fracture
Color
The color of the mineral observed by the human eye
56 terms
Science geology
Earth science
Geology
Geologist
Model
The study of the earth
The study of the earth and the forces that shape it
A scientist who studies the earth and the forces that shape it
A scale representation of something in a manageable size
Earth science
The study of the earth
Geology
The study of the earth and the forces that shape it
24 terms
Science: Geology
Internal
Crust
Mantle
Core
Inside
Earth's outer layer.
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Center of the earth
Internal
Inside
Crust
Earth's outer layer.
33 terms
Science- Geology
a rock is tiny grains of different min…
igneous rocks form when magma cools off
extrusive rocks is when magma comes ou…
intrusive rocks is when magma cools of…
What is a rock?
Formation of igneous rocks?
What are extrusive rocks?
What are intrusive rocks?
a rock is tiny grains of different min…
What is a rock?
igneous rocks form when magma cools off
Formation of igneous rocks?
16 terms
Science- geology
Erosion
Deposition
Physical weathering
Chemical weathering
The gradual destruction of something by natural forces.
The geological process by which sediments soil, and rocks are…
Using physical changes to break down rocks into smaller pieces.
Using chemical reactions to break down rocks into smaller pie…
Erosion
The gradual destruction of something by natural forces.
Deposition
The geological process by which sediments soil, and rocks are…
21 terms
Science- Geology
internal
crust
mantile
core
Inside
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
is the part of Earth found between the crust and the core
The central part of the earth below the mantle
internal
Inside
crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
40 terms
Science Geology
Earthquake
Fault
Seismologists
Wave
The shaking and vibrating of the earth caused by large and su…
Large cracks in the earth's outer layer (crust)
Scientists who study earthquakes
One or more of a series of movements passing along a surface…
Earthquake
The shaking and vibrating of the earth caused by large and su…
Fault
Large cracks in the earth's outer layer (crust)
5 terms
Science - Geology
Indo-Australian plate
Pacific plate
Inner core
Continental crust
A major tectonic plate that includes the continent of Austral…
Oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean 10…
Shaped blue ball - radius of 1220km.
The continental crust is the larger of ingeneos, sedimentary,…
Indo-Australian plate
A major tectonic plate that includes the continent of Austral…
Pacific plate
Oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean 10…
23 terms
Science Geology
atmosphere, mass, water, rotation
crust, Moho, outer mantle, inner mantl…
old earth, 41/2 billion yrs old, natur…
young earth, 6500 yrs old, curse and f…
4 reason earth was made to be inhabited
structure of the earth, outside to inside
uniformitariam
creationism
atmosphere, mass, water, rotation
4 reason earth was made to be inhabited
crust, Moho, outer mantle, inner mantl…
structure of the earth, outside to inside
35 terms
Science - Geology
Rock
Mineral
Crystal Form
Mineral Identification Test
A hard, naturally occurring solid substance generally compose…
A naturally-occuring solid substance having a definite chemic…
The natural shape of a mineral
Hardness... Colour... Density... Lustre... Cleavage... Streak... Acid Test
Rock
A hard, naturally occurring solid substance generally compose…
Mineral
A naturally-occuring solid substance having a definite chemic…
17 terms
Science Geology
3 main types of rocks
Igneous Rocks
Factors that affect magma format
2 Basic Classifications of Igneous Rocks
Igneous... Metamorphic... Sedimentary
Come from magma that cools and solidifies
Temperature... Pressure... Mineral Composition... Water content
Intrusive vs. Extrusive
3 main types of rocks
Igneous... Metamorphic... Sedimentary
Igneous Rocks
Come from magma that cools and solidifies
26 terms
Science: geology
Shape of the earth
Earth is round examples back then
Spheres
Latitude and longitude measured in
Oblate sphereoid bulging at equator and flattened at poles
Ships masts and pictures
Atmosphere- air- 21% oxygen 78% nitrogen (layers) ... Hydrospher…
Measured in degrees and minutes (60' per 1degree)
Shape of the earth
Oblate sphereoid bulging at equator and flattened at poles
Earth is round examples back then
Ships masts and pictures
33 terms
Earth Science (Geology) Vocabulary
Deposition
Fault
Vent
Rock Cycle
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
An opening from which lava and gases from the Earth's interio…
A series of natural processes by which rocks are slowly chang…
Deposition
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
Fault
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
Science Unit 3 Geology
natural resource
renewable resource
nonrenewable resource
reduce
A resource found in nature that we use
A resource that is replaced (replenished) as it is used
A resource that is not replaced easily, once it is all used u…
To cut down on the amount of trash we create
natural resource
A resource found in nature that we use
renewable resource
A resource that is replaced (replenished) as it is used
98 terms
Science Geology
What are the four main layers of the E…
The crust-
What is the least dense of all of the…
The Mantle-
Crust- outermost layer... Mantle- middle layer... Outer Core... Inner…
Solid Oceanic crust thinner and denser than the Continental c…
The crust
Mantle is 2885 km thick
What are the four main layers of the E…
Crust- outermost layer... Mantle- middle layer... Outer Core... Inner…
The crust-
Solid Oceanic crust thinner and denser than the Continental c…
39 terms
Science Geology
Principle of superposition
Fossils
Index fossil
invertebrates
the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rock…
A rock that has an impression of a prehistoric organism.
A fossil that is used for dating and what the animal was
an animal lacking a backbone
Principle of superposition
the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rock…
Fossils
A rock that has an impression of a prehistoric organism.
17 terms
science- geology
Dome Mountain
Fold Mountain
Fault-Block Mountain
Deposition
mountains that form when magma pushes up on Earth's crust, bu…
mountains that form where two plates collide and force layers…
mountains that form along fault lines where blocks of land fa…
constructive force in which sediments that have been moved fr…
Dome Mountain
mountains that form when magma pushes up on Earth's crust, bu…
Fold Mountain
mountains that form where two plates collide and force layers…
67 terms
Science - Geology
weathering
erosion
deposition
ice (m)
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
the process by which wind and water transport soil and sedime…
the process by which material is dropped or settled
expands as it freezes
weathering
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
erosion
the process by which wind and water transport soil and sedime…
67 terms
science geology
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Non-Silicate Mineral
Inorganic
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
Mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
Science Geology
crust, mantle, core
mantle
oceanic crust
continental crust
three basic layers of the earth
makes up most of the earths structure
more dense, less thick
less dense, more thick
crust, mantle, core
three basic layers of the earth
mantle
makes up most of the earths structure
31 terms
Science- Geology
5 large bodies of water that are conne…
the Earth's seven largest landmassess
melted rock in the mantle
large areas dividing the Earth's surfa…
oceans
continents
magma
tectonic plates
5 large bodies of water that are conne…
oceans
the Earth's seven largest landmassess
continents
33 terms
Geology-Science
why do only minerals have a unique che…
how does the rock cycle illustrate tha…
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
rocks are made up of different minerals while minerals have o…
Principle of Conservation of Matter
forms when lava/magma cools and hardens
forms when sediments are compacted and cemented together
why do only minerals have a unique che…
rocks are made up of different minerals while minerals have o…
how does the rock cycle illustrate tha…
Principle of Conservation of Matter
science- Geology
How was the earth formed?
what are the layers that make up the e…
What is the thickness of the crust?
What is the thickness of outer core?
Solar system was a cloud of dust and gas, formed the sun, rem…
crust, mantel, outer core, & inner core
70km thick
2,250km thick
How was the earth formed?
Solar system was a cloud of dust and gas, formed the sun, rem…
what are the layers that make up the e…
crust, mantel, outer core, & inner core
21 terms
Science geology
Layers of the earth
Composition of the earth's crust
Gutenberg discontinuity
Pangea
Crust, mantle, core
Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron
The boundary between the earth's mantle and core
The name given to a huge, hypothetical land mass into which a…
Layers of the earth
Crust, mantle, core
Composition of the earth's crust
Oxygen, silicon, aluminum, iron
19 terms
Geology in science
geology
paleontology
Earth's crust
minarals
the examination of rocks to find out about Earth's history an…
the study of ancient life
is the rocky outer layer of earth that varies in depth (ocean…
form naturally,
geology
the examination of rocks to find out about Earth's history an…
paleontology
the study of ancient life
11 terms
Science Geology
Which two parts of Precambrian had abs…
Which era is the longest?
Which era is know as the age of mammals?
Which era is known as the age of repti…
archeozoic
Precambrian
Cenozoic
Mesozoic
Which two parts of Precambrian had abs…
archeozoic
Which era is the longest?
Precambrian
38 terms
Science - Geology
What are the four geologic eras in ord…
Explain how fossils are formed
What is the rock cycle?
How is a metamorphic rock formed?
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian Time
Animal dies, skeleton is buried by sediments, sediments start…
A series of processes on the surface, and in the Earth's crus…
Under heat and pressure
What are the four geologic eras in ord…
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian Time
Explain how fossils are formed
Animal dies, skeleton is buried by sediments, sediments start…
43 terms
Science: Geology
Draw and label a rock cycle.
What is the Plate Tectonic Theory? Wha…
What are three pieces of evidence for…
What is the difference between magma a…
The Plate Tectonic Theory is the movement of the plates over…
The three pieces of evidence for the Plate Tectonic Theory ar…
Magma is a term used to refer to lava when it is below the Ea…
Draw and label a rock cycle.
What is the Plate Tectonic Theory? Wha…
The Plate Tectonic Theory is the movement of the plates over…
Geology Science
What is a volcano?
What are the three types of volcanos?
What are the characteristics of a shie…
What are the characteristics of the a…
An opening in the earths surface where magma errupts
Shield ... Cinder Cone ... Composite
Abroad gently slopping volcano. Doesn't erupt very much and c…
a small volcano primarily of pyroclastic material ejected fro…
What is a volcano?
An opening in the earths surface where magma errupts
What are the three types of volcanos?
Shield ... Cinder Cone ... Composite
70 terms
Geology Unit Test (SCIENCE)
earthquakes
fault
primary waves
secondary waves
the vibrations caused by the breaking of rocks
a break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust…
waves that reach the seismograph first; cause particles to mo…
waves that reach the seismograph second; move through Earth a…
earthquakes
the vibrations caused by the breaking of rocks
fault
a break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust…
Science geology
What are the 4 main sections of the ea…
Crust
Mantle
Outer core
1. Crust... 2. Mantle... 3. Outer core... 4. Inner core
Includes continents and oceans
Hot but most is solid
Very hot, liquid
What are the 4 main sections of the ea…
1. Crust... 2. Mantle... 3. Outer core... 4. Inner core
Crust
Includes continents and oceans
16 terms
Geology science
Fossil
Evolution
Relative age
Absolute age
A trace of an anchent organism that has been preserved in rock
The process by which all the different kinds of living things…
The age of a rock compared to the ages of rock layers
The age of a rock given as the number of years since the rock…
Fossil
A trace of an anchent organism that has been preserved in rock
Evolution
The process by which all the different kinds of living things…
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