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Study sets matching "science geology"

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Study sets matching "science geology"

22 terms
Science - Geology
Metamorphic Rock
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Crust
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
A type of rock that forms when magma or lava cools and crysta…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
The thin outer layer of the earth that contains the earths co…
Metamorphic Rock
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is chang…
Igneous Rock
A type of rock that forms when magma or lava cools and crysta…
12 terms
Science - Geology
metal
minerals
ore
igneous rocks
a material that lets electricity and heat move through it
solid, natural materials that do not come from a living thing
a rock that has useful metals or other minerals inside it
rocks formed when hot magma cools
metal
a material that lets electricity and heat move through it
minerals
solid, natural materials that do not come from a living thing
111 terms
Science Geology
liquid molten rock in the mantle
less dense than surrounding rock
the process in which magma rises and s…
when it exits through piping in the cr…
Magma
Why does magma rise to the surface
Convection
when magma turns to lava
liquid molten rock in the mantle
Magma
less dense than surrounding rock
Why does magma rise to the surface
18 terms
SCIENCE GEOLOGY
Crust
Mantle
Core
lithosphere
The crust is earths solid and rocky outer layer, including bo…
The thick layer of the earth below the crust that is made of…
Made of iron and nickel; ranges from about 2,000 degrees Cels…
the rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust an…
Crust
The crust is earths solid and rocky outer layer, including bo…
Mantle
The thick layer of the earth below the crust that is made of…
24 terms
Science- Geology
how many layers of earth are there
name the four layers of earth in order…
The crust makes up _% percent of the e…
The core of the earth is like a ball o…
4
crust mantle outer core inner core
1
metals
how many layers of earth are there
4
name the four layers of earth in order…
crust mantle outer core inner core
13 terms
Science-Geology
Mineral
Element
Atom
Compound
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a crystalline struct…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
The smallest part of an element that has all the properties o…
A substance made of two or more elements that have been chemi…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a crystalline struct…
Element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
33 terms
Science (geology)
Geologic
Latitude
Longtitude
Equator
The study of earths products and it's origin
The north and south measurement on earths surface
The east and West Point on the earths surface
An imaginary line on earths surface that strikes right down t…
Geologic
The study of earths products and it's origin
Latitude
The north and south measurement on earths surface
17 terms
science- geology
Dome Mountain
Fold Mountain
Fault-Block Mountain
Deposition
mountains that form when magma pushes up on Earth's crust, bu…
mountains that form where two plates collide and force layers…
mountains that form along fault lines where blocks of land fa…
constructive force in which sediments that have been moved fr…
Dome Mountain
mountains that form when magma pushes up on Earth's crust, bu…
Fold Mountain
mountains that form where two plates collide and force layers…
67 terms
science- Geology
How was the earth formed?
what are the layers that make up the e…
What is the thickness of the crust?
What is the thickness of outer core?
Solar system was a cloud of dust and gas, formed the sun, rem…
crust, mantel, outer core, & inner core
70km thick
2,250km thick
How was the earth formed?
Solar system was a cloud of dust and gas, formed the sun, rem…
what are the layers that make up the e…
crust, mantel, outer core, & inner core
14 terms
Science - Geology
Igneous Rock
How does the speed of cooling affect g…
Examples of Igneous Rock
How do you identify whether a rock is…
Rock formed from cooling and solidifying magma (molten lava)
Slow Cooling - Large grains (Intrusive) . ... Fast Cooling - Sma…
Obsidian, granite, basalt, pumice
Mafic - Dark colour, heavy weight... Felsic - Light colour, ligh…
Igneous Rock
Rock formed from cooling and solidifying magma (molten lava)
How does the speed of cooling affect g…
Slow Cooling - Large grains (Intrusive) . ... Fast Cooling - Sma…
33 terms
Earth Science (Geology) Vocabulary
Deposition
Fault
Vent
Rock Cycle
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
An opening from which lava and gases from the Earth's interio…
A series of natural processes by which rocks are slowly chang…
Deposition
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
Fault
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
11 terms
Science - Geology
outcrop
crust
rocks
geologist
an area where Earth's crust is exposed
earth's outer layer of solid rock
a solid earth material usually made up of two or more minerals
a scientist who studies rocks, minerals and the earth
outcrop
an area where Earth's crust is exposed
crust
earth's outer layer of solid rock
10 terms
Science - Geology
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
River
The loosening of particles from rock or other parts of the ea…
The picking up and moving of particles from rock or other par…
The placing or settling of particles from rock or other parts…
Water slowly loosens materials from the river bed in the curr…
Weathering
The loosening of particles from rock or other parts of the ea…
Erosion
The picking up and moving of particles from rock or other par…
9 terms
Science- Geology
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
Metamorphic Rock
Layers of the Earth
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lav…
Formed when sediment is deposited out of air, ice, wind, grav…
Created by the physical or chemical alteration by heat and pr…
1. Inner Core (1300km)... 2. Outer Core (2200km)... 3. Mantle (2836…
Igneous Rock
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lav…
Sedimentary Rock
Formed when sediment is deposited out of air, ice, wind, grav…
25 terms
science geology
crust
mantle
outer core
inner core
earths outermost layer
the molten layer under the crust
the layer under the mantle made of molten nickel and iron
the layer under the outer core molten nickel and iron kept so…
crust
earths outermost layer
mantle
the molten layer under the crust
11 terms
Science/Geology
Uniformitarianism
Catastrophism
System
Geology
the present is the key to the past and slow change over vast…
presence of sudden, short-lived, violent events
a set of connected things forming a whole (the Earth is an op…
the study of the Earth, including its structure, composition,…
Uniformitarianism
the present is the key to the past and slow change over vast…
Catastrophism
presence of sudden, short-lived, violent events
16 terms
Science- Geology
Geology
Rock
Rock cycle
Sedimentary rocks
The study of the Earth.
a piece of the Earth made from two or more minerals.
How rocks are formed destroyed,and formed into other rocks.
Rocks formed when sediments cement together.
Geology
The study of the Earth.
Rock
a piece of the Earth made from two or more minerals.
31 terms
Science geology
Breakage
Color
Continental Drift
Cooling
How a mineral breaks, For example, cleavage or fracture
The color of the mineral observed by the human eye
The theory that tectonic plates have moved slowly
Process responsible for turning magma into igneous rocks.
Breakage
How a mineral breaks, For example, cleavage or fracture
Color
The color of the mineral observed by the human eye
24 terms
Science: Geology
Internal
Crust
Mantle
Core
Inside
Earth's outer layer.
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Center of the earth
Internal
Inside
Crust
Earth's outer layer.
33 terms
Science- Geology
a rock is tiny grains of different min…
igneous rocks form when magma cools off
extrusive rocks is when magma comes ou…
intrusive rocks is when magma cools of…
What is a rock?
Formation of igneous rocks?
What are extrusive rocks?
What are intrusive rocks?
a rock is tiny grains of different min…
What is a rock?
igneous rocks form when magma cools off
Formation of igneous rocks?
21 terms
Science- Geology
internal
crust
mantile
core
Inside
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
is the part of Earth found between the crust and the core
The central part of the earth below the mantle
internal
Inside
crust
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
36 terms
Science Geology
Mineral
Rock
Luster
Metallic
A naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemica…
An extensive mineral body made up of one or more minerals in…
The way light is reflected from the surface of a mineral
The metal appearance of a surface
Mineral
A naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite chemica…
Rock
An extensive mineral body made up of one or more minerals in…
18 terms
Science Geology
rock
rock cycle
erosion
deposition
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports…
the process in which material is laid down
rock
a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
rock cycle
the series of processes in which a rock forms, changes from o…
70 terms
Geology Unit Test (SCIENCE)
earthquakes
fault
primary waves
secondary waves
the vibrations caused by the breaking of rocks
a break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust…
waves that reach the seismograph first; cause particles to mo…
waves that reach the seismograph second; move through Earth a…
earthquakes
the vibrations caused by the breaking of rocks
fault
a break in the Earth's crust along which blocks of the crust…
22 terms
Science-geology
Geology
Minerals
Rock cycle
Parent rock
The science which deals with the physical structure of the ea…
The substances that make up rocks; each mineral has their own…
A model that describes how a rock can change from one type to…
The orginal rock form before it was changed by heat, pressure…
Geology
The science which deals with the physical structure of the ea…
Minerals
The substances that make up rocks; each mineral has their own…
14 terms
SCIENCE [ geology ]
Sedimentary rocks
Igneous rocks
Metamorphic rocks
extrusive
formed from sediment on the ocean or river floors
formed from the eruption of volcanoes
have been formed by the earths movements and pressure
igneous rocks that are formed on the surface of the Earth
Sedimentary rocks
formed from sediment on the ocean or river floors
Igneous rocks
formed from the eruption of volcanoes
26 terms
Science: geology
Shape of the earth
Earth is round examples back then
Spheres
Latitude and longitude measured in
Oblate sphereoid bulging at equator and flattened at poles
Ships masts and pictures
Atmosphere- air- 21% oxygen 78% nitrogen (layers) ... Hydrospher…
Measured in degrees and minutes (60' per 1degree)
Shape of the earth
Oblate sphereoid bulging at equator and flattened at poles
Earth is round examples back then
Ships masts and pictures
40 terms
Science Geology
Earthquake
Fault
Seismologists
Wave
The shaking and vibrating of the earth caused by large and su…
Large cracks in the earth's outer layer (crust)
Scientists who study earthquakes
One or more of a series of movements passing along a surface…
Earthquake
The shaking and vibrating of the earth caused by large and su…
Fault
Large cracks in the earth's outer layer (crust)
56 terms
Science geology
Earth science
Geology
Geologist
Model
The study of the earth
The study of the earth and the forces that shape it
A scientist who studies the earth and the forces that shape it
A scale representation of something in a manageable size
Earth science
The study of the earth
Geology
The study of the earth and the forces that shape it
23 terms
Science Geology
atmosphere, mass, water, rotation
crust, Moho, outer mantle, inner mantl…
old earth, 41/2 billion yrs old, natur…
young earth, 6500 yrs old, curse and f…
4 reason earth was made to be inhabited
structure of the earth, outside to inside
uniformitariam
creationism
atmosphere, mass, water, rotation
4 reason earth was made to be inhabited
crust, Moho, outer mantle, inner mantl…
structure of the earth, outside to inside
10 terms
science geology
asthenosphere
lithosphere
pressure
seismic wave
the soft layer of the mantle.
the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust together, rest…
results from a force pressing on an area.
earthquake waves that we use to measure what's going on insid…
asthenosphere
the soft layer of the mantle.
lithosphere
the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust together, rest…
17 terms
Science-Geology
Geology
Igneous Rocks
Lava
Intrusive Igneous Rocks
the study of rocks, their history and the processes that form…
rocks formed from cooling magma
molten rock reaching the Earth's surface.
Igneous rocks that form below the surface of the Earth
Geology
the study of rocks, their history and the processes that form…
Igneous Rocks
rocks formed from cooling magma
35 terms
Science - Geology
Rock
Mineral
Crystal Form
Mineral Identification Test
A hard, naturally occurring solid substance generally compose…
A naturally-occuring solid substance having a definite chemic…
The natural shape of a mineral
Hardness... Colour... Density... Lustre... Cleavage... Streak... Acid Test
Rock
A hard, naturally occurring solid substance generally compose…
Mineral
A naturally-occuring solid substance having a definite chemic…
43 terms
Science: Geology
Draw and label a rock cycle.
What is the Plate Tectonic Theory? Wha…
What are three pieces of evidence for…
What is the difference between magma a…
The Plate Tectonic Theory is the movement of the plates over…
The three pieces of evidence for the Plate Tectonic Theory ar…
Magma is a term used to refer to lava when it is below the Ea…
Draw and label a rock cycle.
What is the Plate Tectonic Theory? Wha…
The Plate Tectonic Theory is the movement of the plates over…
98 terms
Science Geology
What are the four main layers of the E…
The crust-
What is the least dense of all of the…
The Mantle-
Crust- outermost layer... Mantle- middle layer... Outer Core... Inner…
Solid Oceanic crust thinner and denser than the Continental c…
The crust
Mantle is 2885 km thick
What are the four main layers of the E…
Crust- outermost layer... Mantle- middle layer... Outer Core... Inner…
The crust-
Solid Oceanic crust thinner and denser than the Continental c…
54 terms
Science-Geology
What is the crust made up of?
What is the mantle made up of?
What is the outer core made up of?
What is the inner core made up of?
Mostly solid rock
Partially molten rock
Iron and nickel
Mostly iron
What is the crust made up of?
Mostly solid rock
What is the mantle made up of?
Partially molten rock
14 terms
Science-Geology
Geologist
Rock Samples
Seismic Waves
Temperature and Pressure
Scientist who studies the earth.
Direct Evidence used to study inside earth.
Indirect Evidence used to study inside earth energy vibration…
Increase as you travel into the earth.
Geologist
Scientist who studies the earth.
Rock Samples
Direct Evidence used to study inside earth.
35 terms
Science - Geology
Rock
Mineral
Crystal Form
Mineral Identification Test
A hard, naturally occurring solid substance generally compose…
A naturally-occuring solid substance having a definite chemic…
The natural shape of a mineral
Hardness... Colour... Density... Lustre... Cleavage... Streak... Acid Test
Rock
A hard, naturally occurring solid substance generally compose…
Mineral
A naturally-occuring solid substance having a definite chemic…
20 terms
Science (Geology)
What is continental drift?
What is evidence of the contintal drift?
What is the structure of the earth?
What causes an earthquake?
Converction currents in mante cause plates ot move
Fossils, plants, mountains + rocks, the country's fit like a…
Crust, mantle outer core, inner core.
Release of energy from a fault
What is continental drift?
Converction currents in mante cause plates ot move
What is evidence of the contintal drift?
Fossils, plants, mountains + rocks, the country's fit like a…
17 terms
Science Geology
3 main types of rocks
Igneous Rocks
Factors that affect magma format
2 Basic Classifications of Igneous Rocks
Igneous... Metamorphic... Sedimentary
Come from magma that cools and solidifies
Temperature... Pressure... Mineral Composition... Water content
Intrusive vs. Extrusive
3 main types of rocks
Igneous... Metamorphic... Sedimentary
Igneous Rocks
Come from magma that cools and solidifies
67 terms
science geology
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Non-Silicate Mineral
Inorganic
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
Mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
26 terms
Science Geology
crust, mantle, core
mantle
oceanic crust
continental crust
three basic layers of the earth
makes up most of the earths structure
more dense, less thick
less dense, more thick
crust, mantle, core
three basic layers of the earth
mantle
makes up most of the earths structure
31 terms
Science- Geology
5 large bodies of water that are conne…
the Earth's seven largest landmassess
melted rock in the mantle
large areas dividing the Earth's surfa…
oceans
continents
magma
tectonic plates
5 large bodies of water that are conne…
oceans
the Earth's seven largest landmassess
continents
42 terms
SCIENCE: Crane Beach Geology
basalt
mud
weathering
berm
a type of igneous rock formed from the cooling of larva..I me…
wet silt or clay
the breaking down of rock into sediment either chemically , w…
a raised bank of sand deposited by water movement and waves
basalt
a type of igneous rock formed from the cooling of larva..I me…
mud
wet silt or clay
12 terms
Science - Geology
Sedimentary rocks
Igneous rock
Metamorphic rocks
What are sediments and how are they fo…
Rocks formed from sediments deposited by water, wind or ice.…
Rocks that are formed from the cooling of magma.
A rock formed from another rock that has been under great hea…
Sediments are the solid fragments that are formed by the weat…
Sedimentary rocks
Rocks formed from sediments deposited by water, wind or ice.…
Igneous rock
Rocks that are formed from the cooling of magma.
67 terms
Science - Geology
weathering
erosion
deposition
ice (m)
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
the process by which wind and water transport soil and sedime…
the process by which material is dropped or settled
expands as it freezes
weathering
the breakdown of rock into smaller and smaller pieces
erosion
the process by which wind and water transport soil and sedime…
19 terms
Geology in science
geology
paleontology
Earth's crust
minarals
the examination of rocks to find out about Earth's history an…
the study of ancient life
is the rocky outer layer of earth that varies in depth (ocean…
form naturally,
geology
the examination of rocks to find out about Earth's history an…
paleontology
the study of ancient life
26 terms
Geology - Science 20
Precambrian era
Precambrian shield
outcrop
Canadian Shield
the first major section of geological time, lasting from abou…
the original North American continent that formed billion of…
a part of a rock formation that appears above the surface of…
Precambrian Shield
Precambrian era
the first major section of geological time, lasting from abou…
Precambrian shield
the original North American continent that formed billion of…
24 terms
Science Geology
1 InwhichpartsoftheEartharerocksformed?
2 How are all igneous rocks formed?
3 Explainthedifferencebetweenthewaysin…
4 List three examples of extrusive ign…
...
Volcanic activity
...
...
1 InwhichpartsoftheEartharerocksformed?
...
2 How are all igneous rocks formed?
Volcanic activity
38 terms
Science - Geology
What are the four geologic eras in ord…
Explain how fossils are formed
What is the rock cycle?
How is a metamorphic rock formed?
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian Time
Animal dies, skeleton is buried by sediments, sediments start…
A series of processes on the surface, and in the Earth's crus…
Under heat and pressure
What are the four geologic eras in ord…
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic, Precambrian Time
Explain how fossils are formed
Animal dies, skeleton is buried by sediments, sediments start…
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