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Study sets matching "science glossary"

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Study sets matching "science glossary"

28 terms
Science Glossary
accurate
advantage
analyze
apparent
correct
something that benefits the owner
separate into parts to study carefully
appearing as such , but not necessarily so
accurate
correct
advantage
something that benefits the owner
107 terms
Science Glossary
Altimeter
anemometer
angiosperm
annuals
an instrument that uses air pressure to record height, such a…
An instrument used to measure air pressure
a group of plants that produce seeds enclosed with an ovary,…
plants that only last one growing season
Altimeter
an instrument that uses air pressure to record height, such a…
anemometer
An instrument used to measure air pressure
64 terms
Science Glossary 7-10
Adaptation
Analyse
Characteristic
Classify
a physical or behavioural characteristic that is inherited an…
consider in detail for the purpose of finding meaning or rela…
distinguishing aspect (including features and behaviours) of…
arrange into named categories in order to sort, group or iden…
Adaptation
a physical or behavioural characteristic that is inherited an…
Analyse
consider in detail for the purpose of finding meaning or rela…
32 terms
Science glossary
Muscle
Protein
Reflex
Relax
an organ of the muscular system: Muscles can be either volunt…
a nutrient used by animals
an automatic response
to release; to make less tense
Muscle
an organ of the muscular system: Muscles can be either volunt…
Protein
a nutrient used by animals
53 terms
Science - glossary
Organism-
Habitat-
Biotic Factor-
Abiotic Factor-
a living thing
an environment that provides the basic things a living thing…
living parts of an organisms habitat
non living parts of an organisms habitat
Organism-
a living thing
Habitat-
an environment that provides the basic things a living thing…
20 terms
Science Glossary
Vainly
Speculate
Conch
Interpose
a useless attempt, without sucess
to think about something or make a guess about something
a type of shell that spirals around
to intrude or get between something... to insert; to intervene
Vainly
a useless attempt, without sucess
Speculate
to think about something or make a guess about something
24 terms
Science Glossary
balanced forces
balanced diet
cell
conductor (electrical)
2 equal forces acting in opposite directions that cancel each…
a diet that gives the body the right amounts of all types of…
tiny bits that all living things are made from.
something that lets electricity pass through it.
balanced forces
2 equal forces acting in opposite directions that cancel each…
balanced diet
a diet that gives the body the right amounts of all types of…
26 terms
Glossary Science
prime number
organism
oxidation
conduct
a whole number greater than 1 that has exactly two factors, i…
a living thing
a chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen
transfer heat along some material
prime number
a whole number greater than 1 that has exactly two factors, i…
organism
a living thing
29 terms
Science- Glossary
Aim
Boil
Compound
Conclusion
The purpose of the experiment.
To heat a liquid until it evaporates.
A composition of two or more elements.
A summary of the end results and how it relates to your aim.
Aim
The purpose of the experiment.
Boil
To heat a liquid until it evaporates.
30 terms
SCIENCE GLOSSARY
Friction
SPEED
Velocity
Gravity
the force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are i…
The distance traveled by an object in a given amount of time.…
an object's speed and direction at a given instant. velocity…
the force of attraction between objects that have mass. The s…
Friction
the force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are i…
SPEED
The distance traveled by an object in a given amount of time.…
30 terms
science Glossary
chromosome
DNA
Genes
haploid
instructions (or blueprint) which makes an organism what it i…
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
DNA segments that serve as the key functional units in heredi…
An organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosom…
chromosome
instructions (or blueprint) which makes an organism what it i…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
37 terms
Science Glossary
Alchemy
Alpha particle
Anions
Aperion
an ancient exploration and practice of chemistry that flouris…
a positively charged particle given off as a radiation from s…
a negatively charged ion
the unlimited, indeterminate, and indefinite ground, origin,…
Alchemy
an ancient exploration and practice of chemistry that flouris…
Alpha particle
a positively charged particle given off as a radiation from s…
15 terms
Science Glossary
Adenine
Thymine
Guanine
Ctyosine
One of the four bases that make up DNA. "A"
One of the four bases that make up DNA. "T"
One of the four bases that make up DNA. "G"
One of the four bases that make up DNA. "C"
Adenine
One of the four bases that make up DNA. "A"
Thymine
One of the four bases that make up DNA. "T"
10 terms
Science Glossary
orbit
revolution
rotation
orbital period
轨道 the path of the Earth around the sun or the moon around th…
公转 The revolution of the earth around the sun
回转the turning of the Earth about its own axis (between the No…
轨道周期 the time the earth takes to orbit the sun once
orbit
轨道 the path of the Earth around the sun or the moon around th…
revolution
公转 The revolution of the earth around the sun
17 terms
Science Glossary
prophase
Metaphase
anaphase
telophase
chromosomes condense and prepare
(middle) all chromosomes line up in the middle and nucleus is…
(away/apart) chromosomes have been separated into 2 groups of…
(two) nuclei forms again with 46 chromosomes inside 2 identic…
prophase
chromosomes condense and prepare
Metaphase
(middle) all chromosomes line up in the middle and nucleus is…
9 terms
Science glossary
Water vapor
Humidity
Evaporation
Condensation
water in the form of a gas
The amount of water vapor in the air
The changing of a liquid into a gas
The changing of a gas into a liquid
Water vapor
water in the form of a gas
Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
16 terms
Science Glossary
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Stimuli
A system/network of nerve cells that sends both electical and…
The part of the nervous system that combine the main features…
Nerves that branch off spinal chord make up the peripheral ne…
Acts to arouse action
Nervous System
A system/network of nerve cells that sends both electical and…
Central Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that combine the main features…
54 terms
Science Glossary
Autonomic nervous system
Axon
Brain stem
Cell body
The system of controlling involuntary actions (heart beat) (p…
(Long part of a neuron) Nerve fibre that sends nerve impulses…
Part of brain where spinal cord enters the skull;controls bod…
Part of neurone that contains nucleus
Autonomic nervous system
The system of controlling involuntary actions (heart beat) (p…
Axon
(Long part of a neuron) Nerve fibre that sends nerve impulses…
76 terms
Science Glossary
Activation Energy
Alpha Decay
Alpha Particle
Anion
a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into mech…
a spontaneous radioactive decay with the emission of alpha pa…
an ion of helium that contains two protons and two neutrons
a negatively charged ion
Activation Energy
a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into mech…
Alpha Decay
a spontaneous radioactive decay with the emission of alpha pa…
103 terms
Science Glossary
amino acid
antibiotic
archaeon
autoimmunity
one of about 20 similar small molecules that are the building…
substance produced by or derived from a bacterium, fungus, or…
one of a group of single-celled microorganisms
condition in which an individual's immune system reacts again…
amino acid
one of about 20 similar small molecules that are the building…
antibiotic
substance produced by or derived from a bacterium, fungus, or…
14 terms
Science Glossary
change of state
melting
turbulent flow
drag
the process by which a substance is transformed into another…
solid->liquid
unable to flow in a straight line
refers to resistance
change of state
the process by which a substance is transformed into another…
melting
solid->liquid
36 terms
Science Glossary
Solution
Solvent
Solute
Concentration
a mixture of solvent and solute
the thing that dissolves the solute
the thing that dissolves in the solvent
when water contains a large amount of solute it makes it conc…
Solution
a mixture of solvent and solute
Solvent
the thing that dissolves the solute
10 terms
Science glossary
Water vapor
Humidity
Evaporation
Condensation
Water in the form of a gas
The amount of water vapor in the air
The changing of a liquid into a gas
The changing of gas into a liquid
Water vapor
Water in the form of a gas
Humidity
The amount of water vapor in the air
34 terms
Glossary: Science
matter
element
physicist
oxygen
aine
alkuaine
fyysikko
happi
matter
aine
element
alkuaine
9 terms
Science glossary
Static Electricity
Mass
Weight
Newton
When electricity gathers in one place.
The measurement of a number of atoms in an object.
The measurement of how much something weighs.
The unit for measuring forces
Static Electricity
When electricity gathers in one place.
Mass
The measurement of a number of atoms in an object.
13 terms
Science Glossary
Electrolysis
Electrode
Anode
Cathode
Chemical decomposition produced by passing an electric curren…
A conductor through which electricity enters or leaves an obj…
The positively charged electrode by which the electrons leave…
The negatively charged electrode by which the electrons enter…
Electrolysis
Chemical decomposition produced by passing an electric curren…
Electrode
A conductor through which electricity enters or leaves an obj…
183 terms
Earth and Environmental Science Glossary
Kepler's first law
Kepler's second law
Kepler's third law
precession
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is…
change in direction of the axis, but without any change in ti…
Kepler's first law
The path of the planets about the sun is elliptical in shape,…
Kepler's second law
An imaginary line drawn from the center of the sun to the cen…
10 terms
Science glossary
Sense organs
Stimuli
Thermoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
a specialised structure that detects stimuli (such as light,…
changes in the environment that can be detected and responded…
special cells located in your skin, part of your brain and bo…
special cells within the skin, inner ear and skeletal muscles…
Sense organs
a specialised structure that detects stimuli (such as light,…
Stimuli
changes in the environment that can be detected and responded…
121 terms
Science Glossary
absorption spectrum
alpha decay
alpha particle
antiparticle
a continuous spectrum interrupted by dark bands, observed whe…
radioactive decay by emission of an alpha particle
the nucleus of a helium atom, consisting of two protons and t…
an antimatter particle with the same mass and opposite charge…
absorption spectrum
a continuous spectrum interrupted by dark bands, observed whe…
alpha decay
radioactive decay by emission of an alpha particle
10 terms
Science Glossary
Scientific Models
Observation
Theory
Fact
Sets of ideas that explain natural phenomenon... MUST: ... -be chan…
Fact observed directly using 1/5 senses ... ex: Black clouds are…
A comprehensive model consistent w/ all known evidence and ex…
Something that is directly observed and on which ALL observer…
Scientific Models
Sets of ideas that explain natural phenomenon... MUST: ... -be chan…
Observation
Fact observed directly using 1/5 senses ... ex: Black clouds are…
33 terms
Science glossary
Physical properties
Chemical properties
Flammability
RReactivity
properties that you can either observe using your five senses…
properties that describe how a substance combines with other…
luminium bikes more suitable than carbon
a measure of how likely a particular metal is to take part in…
Physical properties
properties that you can either observe using your five senses…
Chemical properties
properties that describe how a substance combines with other…
20 terms
Science Glossary
Battery
Bulb
Circuit
Closed circuit
an object that produces an electrical charge or current
an object that produces light when electricity passes through…
a complete or partial path through which an electrical curren…
when an electrical current flows through a complete path(from…
Battery
an object that produces an electrical charge or current
Bulb
an object that produces light when electricity passes through…
14 terms
Science Glossary
Matter
States of Matter
Properties
Model
A substance that has mass and volume
A distinct form of matter eg. solid, liquid, gas
Qualities or characteristics of something
A representation of an object or phenomenon
Matter
A substance that has mass and volume
States of Matter
A distinct form of matter eg. solid, liquid, gas
19 terms
Science Glossary
Microscope
Microscopic
Measurements
Scale
an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, su…
so small as to be visible only with a microscope
the action of measuring something
Tool to measure the difference between 2 objects
Microscope
an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, su…
Microscopic
so small as to be visible only with a microscope
9 terms
Science Glossary
Compound
Mixture
Molecule of an Element
Molecule
Chemically Bonded
Can be physically separated
Made of one type of atom
Group of atoms bonded together
Compound
Chemically Bonded
Mixture
Can be physically separated
72 terms
Science Glossary
Two or more substances that are in the…
Said of a substance that is mixable
A negatively charged particle
Electrons in the outer shell of an atom
mixture
miscible
electron
valence electrons
Two or more substances that are in the…
mixture
Said of a substance that is mixable
miscible
72 terms
Science Glossary
Transverse Waves
Compression Waves
Rarefaction
Medium
Wave involving the vibration of particles perpendicular to th…
Wave involving the vibration of particles in he same directio…
Region in which the particles are further apart than when not…
Material through which a wave moves.
Transverse Waves
Wave involving the vibration of particles perpendicular to th…
Compression Waves
Wave involving the vibration of particles in he same directio…
59 terms
Science Glossary
Adhesion
Cohesion
Surface Tension
Specific Heat
Water's ability to attract to molecules of surrounding materi…
The property of water that causes water to stick to itself
Tightness caused by polar molecules pulling on each other
The amount of energy needed to increase the temperature of a…
Adhesion
Water's ability to attract to molecules of surrounding materi…
Cohesion
The property of water that causes water to stick to itself
32 terms
Science Glossary
mantle
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Lava
layer of the earth below the crust
crust and uppermost solid mantle
The upper layer of the earth's mantle
molten rock reaching the earth's surface
mantle
layer of the earth below the crust
Lithosphere
crust and uppermost solid mantle
79 terms
Science- Glossary
Axon
Afferent Neuron
Axon Terminal/ Buttons
Brain
the long thread-like part of a nerve cell along which impulse…
Afferent Neurons carry never impulses TOWARDS the CNS Eg. Sen…
Contain chemical Neurotransmitters to transport message from…
An organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull. Eg. P…
Axon
the long thread-like part of a nerve cell along which impulse…
Afferent Neuron
Afferent Neurons carry never impulses TOWARDS the CNS Eg. Sen…
14 terms
Science Glossary
Matter
States of matter
Properties
Model
A substance that has mass and volume.
A distinct form of matter e.g. solid, liquid or gas
Qualities or characteristics of something.
A representation of an object or phenomenon.
Matter
A substance that has mass and volume.
States of matter
A distinct form of matter e.g. solid, liquid or gas
206 terms
SCIENCE GLOSSARY
ABSOLUTE ZERO
ACCELERATION
ACID
ACQUIRED IMMUNITY
THE LOWEST TEMPERTURE GAS CAN ATTAIN.... 460 F BELOW ZERO... 273 C…
A CHANGE IN SPEED OF AN OBJECT.... POSSITIVE ACCELERATION - OBJ…
A COMPOUND WITH A pH LESS THAN 7. WHICH MEANS IT RELEASES HYD…
NOT NATURAL OR CONGENITAL. OBTAINED AFTER BIRTH
ABSOLUTE ZERO
THE LOWEST TEMPERTURE GAS CAN ATTAIN.... 460 F BELOW ZERO... 273 C…
ACCELERATION
A CHANGE IN SPEED OF AN OBJECT.... POSSITIVE ACCELERATION - OBJ…
28 terms
Science Glossary
Aim
Boil
Conclusion
Contraction
Something to achieve in the experiment.
The process of heating a liquid.
A summary of all the findings in an experiment.
Too shrink or collapse.
Aim
Something to achieve in the experiment.
Boil
The process of heating a liquid.
16 terms
Science Glossary
ecosystem
biotic factors
food chain
food web
all the interactive living things
living things in an ecosystem
shows how organisms get food and energy
all the connected food chains
ecosystem
all the interactive living things
biotic factors
living things in an ecosystem
16 terms
Science Glossary
Law of conservation of energy
Energy transformation
Joule
Energy efficiency
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
When energy changes from one type to another
Unit of measurement for energy (J)
The amount of useful energy output from a device compared to…
Law of conservation of energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
Energy transformation
When energy changes from one type to another
938 terms
Middle School Science Glossary
abiotic
abrasion
absolute age
absolute magnitude
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
a type of erosion that occurs when windblown sediments strike…
age, in years, of a rock or other object; can be determined b…
measure of the amount of light a star actually gives off.
abiotic
nonliving, physical features of the environment, including ai…
abrasion
a type of erosion that occurs when windblown sediments strike…
Glossary of Science Matters
atom
biodiversity
cell
chemical formula
the smallest particle of an element
the diversity of an organisms
the basic building blocks of organisms
a symbolic representation of the types of atoms and the numbe…
atom
the smallest particle of an element
biodiversity
the diversity of an organisms
170 terms
Science Glossary (2016)
accurate
advantage
analyze
apparent
correct
a factor or circumstance that benefits its possessor
to separate something into its parts in order to examine them…
appearing such, but not necessarily so; seeming
accurate
correct
advantage
a factor or circumstance that benefits its possessor
5 terms
Science glossary
active transport
stoma
transpiration
osmosis
the movement of molecules across a membrane using a uniport
open and close to allow the intake of co2 and the release of o2
the evaporation of water from the surface of plants
the movement of water is a higher conc gradient to a one of l…
active transport
the movement of molecules across a membrane using a uniport
stoma
open and close to allow the intake of co2 and the release of o2
21 terms
science glossary
electromagnetism
electron
elements
elevation
电磁
电子
元素
高度,海拔
electromagnetism
电磁
electron
电子
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