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Study sets matching "science guide physics"

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Study sets matching "science guide physics"

14 terms
Science Physics Study Guide
Force
Net Force
Newtons
Balanced Force
Weight applied to an object like a push or pull
All forces on an object
Unit used to measure force
Two forces on an object that are equal in size but not going…
Force
Weight applied to an object like a push or pull
Net Force
All forces on an object
10 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Air Resistance
Centripetal Force
Newtons 3rd Law
Momentum
The upward force exerted on an object falling through air is…
When an object moves in a circular path, it accelerates towar…
The statement "to every reaction there is an equal and opposi…
In the equation, p = mv, p represents ____.
Air Resistance
The upward force exerted on an object falling through air is…
Centripetal Force
When an object moves in a circular path, it accelerates towar…
STUDY GUIDE FOR PHYSICAL SCIENCE
ENERGY
COMPRESSIONAL WAVE
WATER WAVES
A WAVE THAT IS SLOWING DOWN
What determines how long a wave will travel?
Squeezing the coils of a spring together then releasing them…
What kind of waves are both compressional and transverse waves?
What makes a wavelength get longer?
ENERGY
What determines how long a wave will travel?
COMPRESSIONAL WAVE
Squeezing the coils of a spring together then releasing them…
65 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Units and Equations
Velocity
Scalar
Distance
Units
Equation: distance/time... Unit: meters/seconds
Equation: None... Units: just a number (usually meters)
Equation: None... Units: meters
Units and Equations
Units
Velocity
Equation: distance/time... Unit: meters/seconds
8 terms
science study guide (physics)
strong nuclear force
electromagnetic force
weak nuclear force
gravitational force
strongest fundamental force... bind neutrons /protons
2nd strongest force... binds atoms
3 rd strongest force... nuclear fusion
4 th strongest force... attracts objects
strong nuclear force
strongest fundamental force... bind neutrons /protons
electromagnetic force
2nd strongest force... binds atoms
5 terms
Science 4th Physics Guide
Energy
Work
Types of Energy
Kinetic
The ability to do work or cause change
A force exerted on an object that causes it to move.
Two basic kind of energy are Kinetic and potential
Energy in motion
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change
Work
A force exerted on an object that causes it to move.
17 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Mass
Weight
Atomic Theory
Water displacement
How much matter is in an object.
The force of Earth's pull on an object.
The theory that everything is made of small particles called…
Way of finding out the volume of irregular objects.
Mass
How much matter is in an object.
Weight
The force of Earth's pull on an object.
24 terms
Physical Science study guide
Homogeneous
Chemical change
Chemical formula
Solution
A mixture with particles that are too small to see
A change of matter that results in a new substance
Has symbols to show which elements have combined
A mixture when one substance dissolves in another
Homogeneous
A mixture with particles that are too small to see
Chemical change
A change of matter that results in a new substance
27 terms
Physical science study guide
Density
Mass
Weight
Net force
-A measure of the amount of mass in a given volume. ... -Density…
-The amount of matter in an object.... -Measured in kilograms ... -…
-A measure of the gravitational force on an object. ... -Measure…
-The overall force acting on an object.
Density
-A measure of the amount of mass in a given volume. ... -Density…
Mass
-The amount of matter in an object.... -Measured in kilograms ... -…
13 terms
Science Study Guide (Physics)
Position
Reference Point
Motion
Location
Describes the location of an object.
A location to which you compare other locations.
A change in position over time.
Position where something is.
Position
Describes the location of an object.
Reference Point
A location to which you compare other locations.
47 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
element symbol
nucleus
1
element symbol
short or abbreviated way to write the name of an element
contains the protons and neutrons
mass of a proton or neutron is equal to _ amu
a ________ is either one capital letter or two letters in whi…
element symbol
short or abbreviated way to write the name of an element
nucleus
contains the protons and neutrons
21 terms
Science Study Guide: Physics
questions... the weight of an object is a…
questions... air resistance plays a role…
questions... gravity is to weight as matt…
questions... inertia is an object's tende…
gravity
b. a pen on a desk
mass
straight line
questions... the weight of an object is a…
gravity
questions... air resistance plays a role…
b. a pen on a desk
10 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Mass
Weight
Force
Friction
measures the amount of matter in an object
force of gravity on a person or object
a push or pull
force that one surface exerts on another when two surfaces ru…
Mass
measures the amount of matter in an object
Weight
force of gravity on a person or object
17 terms
physical science study guide
data
independent variable
dependent variable
control variable
Information
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the rese…
a variable that is kept the same in an experiment
data
Information
independent variable
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
26 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Solid
liquid
gas
plasma
a state of matter with a definite volume and definite shape
a state of matter with a definite volume and no definite shape
a state of matter with no definite volume and no definite shape
high-energy matter consisting of positively and negatively ch…
Solid
a state of matter with a definite volume and definite shape
liquid
a state of matter with a definite volume and no definite shape
17 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
What is a wave?
Medium
Mechanical waves
Non mechanical Waves
A disturbance that carries energy through matter or space
The matter through which a wave travels
requires medium, examples: sound, seismic, or surface waves
does not require medium; can transfer energy through a vacuum…
What is a wave?
A disturbance that carries energy through matter or space
Medium
The matter through which a wave travels
14 terms
Study guide for physical science
Molecule
John dalton's theory
Carbon
Elements are made up of what
A group of atoms that are bonded together and act as a single…
That atoms cannot be broken apart
The most common element in living things
Atoms
Molecule
A group of atoms that are bonded together and act as a single…
John dalton's theory
That atoms cannot be broken apart
46 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
How is a Hypothesis Tested ?
If the magnitude of the velocity of an…
The Magnitude of a displacement is ___…
A spacecraft in space keeps going at t…
Tested using an Experiment
The Object is accelerated
less than or equal to
First law of motion
How is a Hypothesis Tested ?
Tested using an Experiment
If the magnitude of the velocity of an…
The Object is accelerated
Physical Science Study Guide
Variable
Significant digits
Measurement tools
Weight vs. Mass
A factor that can change in an experiment
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributin…
visual, computer analysis, videotape, tape measure, dynamomet…
the weight is how much gravity pulls you down, and the mass i…
Variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Significant digits
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributin…
141 terms
physical science exam guide
is a colloid a pure substance?
does matter always have mass and volume?
can matter take on different states?
what is matter made of?
yes
yes
yes
atoms
is a colloid a pure substance?
yes
does matter always have mass and volume?
yes
18 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Beaker
Graduated Cylinders
Erlenmeyer Flask
Funnel
Used as a primary container in lab. The volume graduations ar…
Used to accurately measure the volume of liquids
Used for mixing chemicals. It swirls easily. The graduations…
Helps pour liquids into smaller containers without spilling t…
Beaker
Used as a primary container in lab. The volume graduations ar…
Graduated Cylinders
Used to accurately measure the volume of liquids
71 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Alkali metals
Alkaline earth metal
Halogens
valence electrons
most reactive, can't find in nature in natural element
reactive, extremely common compounds non-metallic metals
very reactive, Noble gases= all gases do not react - inert na…
the electrons on the outermost level of an atom. They are imp…
Alkali metals
most reactive, can't find in nature in natural element
Alkaline earth metal
reactive, extremely common compounds non-metallic metals
20 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
the production of an electric (without…
how much electricity moving through th…
two object rubbing together
Switch that opens a circuit automatica…
Induction
Current
Friction
Circuit breakers
the production of an electric (without…
Induction
how much electricity moving through th…
Current
11 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Valence electron
Electron dot diagram
Chemical bond
Ion
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
An atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged.
Valence electron
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Electron dot diagram
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
24 terms
Science Physics Study Guide
Physics
Speed
s
d
a branch of science that studies matter, energy and the chang…
Is the distance traveled by an object in a certain amount of…
Speed
Distance
Physics
a branch of science that studies matter, energy and the chang…
Speed
Is the distance traveled by an object in a certain amount of…
12 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Distillation
Colloids
Suspension
Colloid
A way to separate a mixture using the physical property of bo…
A mixture
Heterogeneous mixture
Smoke is a...
Distillation
A way to separate a mixture using the physical property of bo…
Colloids
A mixture
13 terms
Physical science study guide
Fahrenheit > Celsius
Celsius > Fahrenheit
What are significant figures?
All bonds are ionic bonds
(F-32)/1.8
(Cx1.8)+32
Each of the numbers that are used to express it to the requir…
False
Fahrenheit > Celsius
(F-32)/1.8
Celsius > Fahrenheit
(Cx1.8)+32
Physical Science Study Guide
Observations
Hypothesis
Experiment
Variable
Gathered through your senses
-A suggested solution to the problem ... - must be testable... -wri…
- a procedure to test the hypothesis
Factor in the the experiment that is being tested
Observations
Gathered through your senses
Hypothesis
-A suggested solution to the problem ... - must be testable... -wri…
47 terms
Physical Science EOC Guide
the protons location in an atom
what tells you the number of protons i…
How do you find the number of neutrons…
Whats the electrons charge and where a…
in the nucleus of the atom
the atomic number
atomic number-atomic mass (REMEMBER BIG #-SMALL #)
negative and on orbitals of an atom (Electron cloud)
the protons location in an atom
in the nucleus of the atom
what tells you the number of protons i…
the atomic number
16 terms
Science Physics Study Guide
Speed Formula
Acceleration Formula
Force Formula
Work Formula
Distance/Time
Vf-Vi/Time
Mass x Acceleration
Force x Distance
Speed Formula
Distance/Time
Acceleration Formula
Vf-Vi/Time
54 terms
Physics science study guide
Parallel circuit
Series circuit
Magnets
Ferromagnetism
A parallel circuit is a closed circuit in which the current d…
A series circuit is a closed circuit in which the current fol…
a piece of iron (or an ore, alloy, or other material) that ha…
Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materi…
Parallel circuit
A parallel circuit is a closed circuit in which the current d…
Series circuit
A series circuit is a closed circuit in which the current fol…
64 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
Friction
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
speed of an object in a particular direction
rate at which velocity changes over time; an object accelerat…
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Speed
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
Velocity
speed of an object in a particular direction
34 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Length Measured in?
Mass Measured in?
Time Measured in?
Tempt. Measured in?
Unit: meters... Symbol: m
Unit: Grams... Symbol: g
Unit: seconds... Symbol: s
Unit: Kelvin or Centigrade... Symbol: K or C degrees
Length Measured in?
Unit: meters... Symbol: m
Mass Measured in?
Unit: Grams... Symbol: g
Science Study Guide: Physics
questions... the weight of an object is a…
questions... air resistance plays a role…
questions... gravity is to weight as matt…
questions... inertia is an object's tende…
gravity
b. a pen on a desk
mass
straight line
questions... the weight of an object is a…
gravity
questions... air resistance plays a role…
b. a pen on a desk
54 terms
Physical Science Stufy Guide
Applied Research
Basic Research:
Boiling
Chemical Bond
using rules of nature to produce modern goods.
understanding of rules of nature and how they work.
when evaporation occurs beneath the surface of a liquid
covalent or ionic bond that holds atoms together in a compoun…
Applied Research
using rules of nature to produce modern goods.
Basic Research:
understanding of rules of nature and how they work.
21 terms
Science Physics Study Guide
Momentum
Speed
Newton's 1st Law of Motion
Friction
The product of the mass of a moving object multiplied by its…
The rate at which an object moves
An object at rest will stay at rest unless acted on by an out…
The force that opposes the motion of an object is called what?
Momentum
The product of the mass of a moving object multiplied by its…
Speed
The rate at which an object moves
26 terms
physical science study guide
physical changes
chemical changes
hypothesis
scientific theory
-cutting, molding, folding, evaporation
-milk going sour, rusting, bread becoming toast
a prediction on the outcome of an experiment based on facts
a theory that summarizes a hypothesis that have been supporte…
physical changes
-cutting, molding, folding, evaporation
chemical changes
-milk going sour, rusting, bread becoming toast
117 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
What two things must you know to descr…
What is a frame of reference?
Imagine that you are a passenger in a…
True or False. Five blocks south is an…
The weight and the force acting upon it.
A system of objects that are not moving and are in reference…
You can look out the window and see things flying by, look to…
True
What two things must you know to descr…
The weight and the force acting upon it.
What is a frame of reference?
A system of objects that are not moving and are in reference…
15 terms
Physical Science Final Guide
Speed
Velocity
Distance
Displacement
Distance traveled divided by the time interval durning the mo…
Speed of object in a particular direction
Measures how far an object travels along a path
Measures how far it's between starting and ending points of t…
Speed
Distance traveled divided by the time interval durning the mo…
Velocity
Speed of object in a particular direction
27 terms
physical science review guide
What is potential energy?
Explain when a rollar coaster car has…
Explain when a rubber band has maximum…
Explain when a pendulum has maximum po…
The energy that an object has because of the position, shape,…
On top of the roller coaster: Potential Energy ... Running down…
Stretched Rubberband: Potential Energy (P.E)... Rubberband flyin…
Highest point of swing: No kinetic energy; maximum gravitatio…
What is potential energy?
The energy that an object has because of the position, shape,…
Explain when a rollar coaster car has…
On top of the roller coaster: Potential Energy ... Running down…
50 terms
Physical Science Final guide
Graduated cylinder
Ring Stand
Kinetic Theory of Matter
Physical Property
a type of beaker that measures the volume of a liquid... Measure…
A raised circular frame used to support one or two sterile st…
All matter is made up of tiny particles that are constantly i…
A quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
Graduated cylinder
a type of beaker that measures the volume of a liquid... Measure…
Ring Stand
A raised circular frame used to support one or two sterile st…
41 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Fossil Fuels
Coal
Photovoltaic cells
Hydroelectricity
Petroleum, natural gas, and coal
Type of fossil fuel that forms from the remains of fernlike p…
Devices that use semiconductors to produce electricity from s…
Electricity produced by falling water
Fossil Fuels
Petroleum, natural gas, and coal
Coal
Type of fossil fuel that forms from the remains of fernlike p…
116 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Physical Science
Two Branches of Physical Science
Scientific Method
Manipulated Variable
Study of matter, energy, and the changes they under go.
Physics and Chemistry
1. Ask a Question.... 2. Do Background Research.... 3. Construct a…
A variable that the scientist changes in the experiment
Physical Science
Study of matter, energy, and the changes they under go.
Two Branches of Physical Science
Physics and Chemistry
53 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Kinectic Theory of Matter
Plasma
Crystals
Buoyant force
Tiny particles in motion makeup all matter
Gas-like mixture of charged particles
Particles arranged in repeating geometric patterns
Determines whether an object will sink or float in a fluid
Kinectic Theory of Matter
Tiny particles in motion makeup all matter
Plasma
Gas-like mixture of charged particles
8 terms
physical science study guide
J. J. Thomson
Ernest Rutherford
James Chadwick
J. J. Thomson created what model?
discovered the electron
discovered the nucleus
discovered neutrons
the plum pudding model
J. J. Thomson
discovered the electron
Ernest Rutherford
discovered the nucleus
17 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
convert 22.44 km to m
convert 5 kg to g
Equilibrium
Friction
22440 m
.005 g
When FORCES are acting on an object in such a way that the ob…
Always acts against the direction of an object
convert 22.44 km to m
22440 m
convert 5 kg to g
.005 g
29 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
biology
physical science ( and 2 branches )
earth science
science
the study of life science
the study of matter (chemistry) the study of force and energy…
the study of earth
observing, studying, and experimenting to find the nature of…
biology
the study of life science
physical science ( and 2 branches )
the study of matter (chemistry) the study of force and energy…
31 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Matter
Volume
Mass
Particle
Anything that takes up space
Amount of space something takes up
Number of Particles that an object contains
A small portion of matter
Matter
Anything that takes up space
Volume
Amount of space something takes up
19 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Element
Atom
Proton
Electron
matter that is composed of one type of atom
smallest piece of matter that has the properties of the element
positive, located inside the nucleus
negative, located outside of the nucleus
Element
matter that is composed of one type of atom
Atom
smallest piece of matter that has the properties of the element
10 terms
Physical science study guide
Scientific method in order
Control group
Dependent variable
Independent variable
1.state the question... 2.collect information... 3.form a hypothesi…
Receives no independent variable
What depends on the independent
Affects dependent
Scientific method in order
1.state the question... 2.collect information... 3.form a hypothesi…
Control group
Receives no independent variable
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