Study sets matching "science guide physics"

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Study sets matching "science guide physics"

Science Physics Study Guide
Force
Net Force
Newtons
Balanced Force
Weight applied to an object like a push or pull
All forces on an object
Unit used to measure force
Two forces on an object that are equal in size but not going…
Force
Weight applied to an object like a push or pull
Net Force
All forces on an object
Physical Science Study Guide
Units and Equations
Velocity
Scalar
Distance
Units
Equation: distance/time... Unit: meters/seconds
Equation: None... Units: just a number (usually meters)
Equation: None... Units: meters
Units and Equations
Units
Velocity
Equation: distance/time... Unit: meters/seconds
5 terms
Science 4th Physics Guide
Energy
Work
Types of Energy
Kinetic
The ability to do work or cause change
A force exerted on an object that causes it to move.
Two basic kind of energy are Kinetic and potential
Energy in motion
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change
Work
A force exerted on an object that causes it to move.
10 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Air Resistance
Centripetal Force
Newtons 3rd Law
Momentum
The upward force exerted on an object falling through air is…
When an object moves in a circular path, it accelerates towar…
The statement "to every reaction there is an equal and opposi…
In the equation, p = mv, p represents ____.
Air Resistance
The upward force exerted on an object falling through air is…
Centripetal Force
When an object moves in a circular path, it accelerates towar…
STUDY GUIDE FOR PHYSICAL SCIENCE
ENERGY
COMPRESSIONAL WAVE
WATER WAVES
A WAVE THAT IS SLOWING DOWN
What determines how long a wave will travel?
Squeezing the coils of a spring together then releasing them…
What kind of waves are both compressional and transverse waves?
What makes a wavelength get longer?
ENERGY
What determines how long a wave will travel?
COMPRESSIONAL WAVE
Squeezing the coils of a spring together then releasing them…
8 terms
science study guide (physics)
strong nuclear force
electromagnetic force
weak nuclear force
gravitational force
strongest fundamental force... bind neutrons /protons
2nd strongest force... binds atoms
3 rd strongest force... nuclear fusion
4 th strongest force... attracts objects
strong nuclear force
strongest fundamental force... bind neutrons /protons
electromagnetic force
2nd strongest force... binds atoms
24 terms
Physical Science study guide
Homogeneous
Chemical change
Chemical formula
Solution
A mixture with particles that are too small to see
A change of matter that results in a new substance
Has symbols to show which elements have combined
A mixture when one substance dissolves in another
Homogeneous
A mixture with particles that are too small to see
Chemical change
A change of matter that results in a new substance
110 terms
Physical Science STUDY GUIDE
4 Ways to Gain Knowledge
6 Self Evident Truths
Rocks are held together by...
Galaxies are held together by...
1. Authority... 2. Intuition... 3. Sensory Data... 4. Reason
1. Existence... 2. Time Symmetry... 3. Position Symmetry... 4. Occam's…
Electromagnetic interactions
Gravity
4 Ways to Gain Knowledge
1. Authority... 2. Intuition... 3. Sensory Data... 4. Reason
6 Self Evident Truths
1. Existence... 2. Time Symmetry... 3. Position Symmetry... 4. Occam's…
71 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Alkali metals
Alkaline earth metal
Halogens
valence electrons
most reactive, can't find in nature in natural element
reactive, extremely common compounds non-metallic metals
very reactive, Noble gases= all gases do not react - inert na…
the electrons on the outermost level of an atom. They are imp…
Alkali metals
most reactive, can't find in nature in natural element
Alkaline earth metal
reactive, extremely common compounds non-metallic metals
21 terms
Science Study Guide: Physics
questions... the weight of an object is a…
questions... air resistance plays a role…
questions... gravity is to weight as matt…
questions... inertia is an object's tende…
gravity
b. a pen on a desk
mass
straight line
questions... the weight of an object is a…
gravity
questions... air resistance plays a role…
b. a pen on a desk
Physical Science Study Guide
Mass
Weight
Atomic Theory
Water displacement
How much matter is in an object.
The force of Earth's pull on an object.
The theory that everything is made of small particles called…
Way of finding out the volume of irregular objects.
Mass
How much matter is in an object.
Weight
The force of Earth's pull on an object.
86 terms
Physical Science Midterm Guide
What are the 6 steps of the scientific…
What is a hypothesis?
What are the 3 types of graphs?
What is a model?
1) State the problem... 2) Gather information... 3) Form a hypothes…
A possible explanation for a problem using what you know and…
Bar, line, and pie
A physical representation of an idea, event, or an object tha…
What are the 6 steps of the scientific…
1) State the problem... 2) Gather information... 3) Form a hypothes…
What is a hypothesis?
A possible explanation for a problem using what you know and…
27 terms
Physical science study guide
Density
Mass
Weight
Net force
-A measure of the amount of mass in a given volume. ... -Density…
-The amount of matter in an object.... -Measured in kilograms ... -…
-A measure of the gravitational force on an object. ... -Measure…
-The overall force acting on an object.
Density
-A measure of the amount of mass in a given volume. ... -Density…
Mass
-The amount of matter in an object.... -Measured in kilograms ... -…
13 terms
Science Study Guide (Physics)
Position
Reference Point
Motion
Location
Describes the location of an object.
A location to which you compare other locations.
A change in position over time.
Position where something is.
Position
Describes the location of an object.
Reference Point
A location to which you compare other locations.
141 terms
physical science exam guide
is a colloid a pure substance?
does matter always have mass and volume?
can matter take on different states?
what is matter made of?
yes
yes
yes
atoms
is a colloid a pure substance?
yes
does matter always have mass and volume?
yes
20 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
What is a wave?
Medium
Mechanical waves
Non mechanical Waves
A disturbance that carries energy through matter or space
The matter through which a wave travels
requires medium, examples: sound, seismic, or surface waves
does not require medium; can transfer energy through a vacuum…
What is a wave?
A disturbance that carries energy through matter or space
Medium
The matter through which a wave travels
64 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
Friction
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
speed of an object in a particular direction
rate at which velocity changes over time; an object accelerat…
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
Speed
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
Velocity
speed of an object in a particular direction
Physical Science Study Guide
Element
Compound
atom
subatomic particles
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
Element
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
Compound
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
46 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
How is a Hypothesis Tested ?
If the magnitude of the velocity of an…
The Magnitude of a displacement is ___…
A spacecraft in space keeps going at t…
Tested using an Experiment
The Object is accelerated
less than or equal to
First law of motion
How is a Hypothesis Tested ?
Tested using an Experiment
If the magnitude of the velocity of an…
The Object is accelerated
8 terms
Physics Science Study Guide
Force
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Calculated force, mass or acceleration…
Calculated Net Force
A push or a pull
The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the obje…
Force=ma... Mass=F/a... Acceleration=F/m
2 forces in same direction=add to create larger Net Force... 2 f…
Force
A push or a pull
Newton's Second Law of Motion
The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the obje…
Physical Science Study Guide
the production of an electric (without…
how much electricity moving through th…
two object rubbing together
Switch that opens a circuit automatica…
Induction
Current
Friction
Circuit breakers
the production of an electric (without…
Induction
how much electricity moving through th…
Current
47 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
element symbol
nucleus
1
element symbol
short or abbreviated way to write the name of an element
contains the protons and neutrons
mass of a proton or neutron is equal to _ amu
a ________ is either one capital letter or two letters in whi…
element symbol
short or abbreviated way to write the name of an element
nucleus
contains the protons and neutrons
Science Physics Study Guide
Physics
Speed
s
d
a branch of science that studies matter, energy and the chang…
Is the distance traveled by an object in a certain amount of…
Speed
Distance
Physics
a branch of science that studies matter, energy and the chang…
Speed
Is the distance traveled by an object in a certain amount of…
Science physics study guide
The liter is the base unit of ________…
The meter is the base _____________ un…
The gram is the base _________ unit of…
The ______________ is the curved top s…
Volume
Metric length
Metric mass
Meniscus liquid column graduated cylinder
The liter is the base unit of ________…
Volume
The meter is the base _____________ un…
Metric length
11 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Valence electron
Electron dot diagram
Chemical bond
Ion
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force of attraction that holds two atoms together.
An atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged.
Valence electron
The electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
Electron dot diagram
A representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
75 terms
Study guide for physical science
vectors
meters per second
instantaneous speed
Constant
displacement and velocity are examples of ___?___ because the…
speed is measured in units of
A car speedometer measures
A constant slope on a distance time graph indicates ___?____…
vectors
displacement and velocity are examples of ___?___ because the…
meters per second
speed is measured in units of
5 terms
Physical Science - Oceanography - Study Guide
How is the sun's radiant energy distri…
How do differences in density cause ch…
How do properties of ocean water creat…
How does uneven heating of the Earth's…
The sun's radiation travels in waves. It passes through the a…
Salt adds mass to water which makes it denser. As the water t…
Properties of ocean water include temperature, the presence o…
All surface currents are driven by winds. Winds are caused by…
How is the sun's radiant energy distri…
The sun's radiation travels in waves. It passes through the a…
How do differences in density cause ch…
Salt adds mass to water which makes it denser. As the water t…
Physical Science EOC Guide
the protons location in an atom
what tells you the number of protons i…
How do you find the number of neutrons…
Whats the electrons charge and where a…
in the nucleus of the atom
the atomic number
atomic number-atomic mass (REMEMBER BIG #-SMALL #)
negative and on orbitals of an atom (Electron cloud)
the protons location in an atom
in the nucleus of the atom
what tells you the number of protons i…
the atomic number
41 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Element
Compound
atom
subatomic particles
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
Element
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
Compound
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
17 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Name the scientific method in order
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Control group
1. develop a question ... 2. make observations... 3. propose a hypo…
it is a variable that stand alone and isn't changed by the ot…
It is a variable that may change as a result of changes made…
The control group is exposed to the same conditions as the ex…
Name the scientific method in order
1. develop a question ... 2. make observations... 3. propose a hypo…
Independent Variable
it is a variable that stand alone and isn't changed by the ot…
41 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Element
Compound
atom
subatomic particles
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
Element
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
Compound
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
Physical Science Study Guide
Element
Compound
atom
subatomic particles
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
Basic unit of matter
protons, neutrons, electrons
Element
pure substances where all atoms are the same, cannot be broke…
Compound
made up of two or more kinds of atoms, can be separated if en…
16 terms
Science Physics Study Guide
Speed Formula
Acceleration Formula
Force Formula
Work Formula
Distance/Time
Vf-Vi/Time
Mass x Acceleration
Force x Distance
Speed Formula
Distance/Time
Acceleration Formula
Vf-Vi/Time
Physical Science Study Guide
Hypothesis
State the problem
Control
Dependent variable
Testable prediction
First step in designing an experiment
Standard for comparison that helps to ensure that the experim…
Factor that changes in an experiment from manipulation of the…
Hypothesis
Testable prediction
State the problem
First step in designing an experiment
12 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Distillation
Colloids
Suspension
Colloid
A way to separate a mixture using the physical property of bo…
A mixture
Heterogeneous mixture
Smoke is a...
Distillation
A way to separate a mixture using the physical property of bo…
Colloids
A mixture
Physical Science Study Guide
Mass
Weight
Force
Friction
measures the amount of matter in an object
force of gravity on a person or object
a push or pull
force that one surface exerts on another when two surfaces ru…
Mass
measures the amount of matter in an object
Weight
force of gravity on a person or object
26 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
Solid
liquid
gas
plasma
a state of matter with a definite volume and definite shape
a state of matter with a definite volume and no definite shape
a state of matter with no definite volume and no definite shape
high-energy matter consisting of positively and negatively ch…
Solid
a state of matter with a definite volume and definite shape
liquid
a state of matter with a definite volume and no definite shape
17 terms
physical science study guide
data
independent variable
dependent variable
control variable
Information
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the rese…
a variable that is kept the same in an experiment
data
Information
independent variable
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
54 terms
Physics science study guide
Parallel circuit
Series circuit
Magnets
Ferromagnetism
A parallel circuit is a closed circuit in which the current d…
A series circuit is a closed circuit in which the current fol…
a piece of iron (or an ore, alloy, or other material) that ha…
Ferromagnetism is the basic mechanism by which certain materi…
Parallel circuit
A parallel circuit is a closed circuit in which the current d…
Series circuit
A series circuit is a closed circuit in which the current fol…
45 terms
Study Guide for Physical Science
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
group number
protons
equal to the number of protons
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
equal to the number valence electrons
positive charge
Atomic Number
equal to the number of protons
Atomic Mass
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
100 terms
physical science MIDTERM EXAM guide
ex nihilo
echolocation
"The Genesis Flood"
nuclear fusion
latin for "out of nothing"
the method by which bats use "pings" to seek out their prey
henry morris... john whitcomb
process of combining nuclei
ex nihilo
latin for "out of nothing"
echolocation
the method by which bats use "pings" to seek out their prey
Physical Science Study Guide
Observations
Hypothesis
Experiment
Variable
Gathered through your senses
-A suggested solution to the problem ... - must be testable... -wri…
- a procedure to test the hypothesis
Factor in the the experiment that is being tested
Observations
Gathered through your senses
Hypothesis
-A suggested solution to the problem ... - must be testable... -wri…
14 terms
Study guide for physical science
Molecule
John dalton's theory
Carbon
Elements are made up of what
A group of atoms that are bonded together and act as a single…
That atoms cannot be broken apart
The most common element in living things
Atoms
Molecule
A group of atoms that are bonded together and act as a single…
John dalton's theory
That atoms cannot be broken apart
46 terms
Physical Science Study Guide
How is a Hypothesis Tested ?
If the magnitude of the velocity of an…
The Magnitude of a displacement is ___…
A spacecraft in space keeps going at t…
Tested using an Experiment
The Object is accelerated
less than or equal to
First law of motion
How is a Hypothesis Tested ?
Tested using an Experiment
If the magnitude of the velocity of an…
The Object is accelerated
Physical Science Study Guide
Beaker
Graduated Cylinders
Erlenmeyer Flask
Funnel
Used as a primary container in lab. The volume graduations ar…
Used to accurately measure the volume of liquids
Used for mixing chemicals. It swirls easily. The graduations…
Helps pour liquids into smaller containers without spilling t…
Beaker
Used as a primary container in lab. The volume graduations ar…
Graduated Cylinders
Used to accurately measure the volume of liquids
Physical Science Study Guide
Variable
Significant digits
Measurement tools
Weight vs. Mass
A factor that can change in an experiment
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributin…
visual, computer analysis, videotape, tape measure, dynamomet…
the weight is how much gravity pulls you down, and the mass i…
Variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
Significant digits
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributin…
Science Study Guide: Physics
questions... the weight of an object is a…
questions... air resistance plays a role…
questions... gravity is to weight as matt…
questions... inertia is an object's tende…
gravity
b. a pen on a desk
mass
straight line
questions... the weight of an object is a…
gravity
questions... air resistance plays a role…
b. a pen on a desk
54 terms
Physical Science Stufy Guide
Applied Research
Basic Research:
Boiling
Chemical Bond
using rules of nature to produce modern goods.
understanding of rules of nature and how they work.
when evaporation occurs beneath the surface of a liquid
covalent or ionic bond that holds atoms together in a compoun…
Applied Research
using rules of nature to produce modern goods.
Basic Research:
understanding of rules of nature and how they work.
7 terms
Physical Science - Atmosphere - Study Guide
What are the major gases that make up…
Explain how the Earth's atmosphere evo…
Describe the location and purpose of t…
Describe how temperature relates to th…
The major gases in the troposphere are nitrogen (78%) and oxy…
When Earth formed, it was so hot that rock was molten. When E…
The ozone layer (made of O3) is in the upper atmosphere and a…
In the troposphere, the temperature drops as the altitude inc…
What are the major gases that make up…
The major gases in the troposphere are nitrogen (78%) and oxy…
Explain how the Earth's atmosphere evo…
When Earth formed, it was so hot that rock was molten. When E…
21 terms
Science Physics Study Guide
Momentum
Speed
Newton's 1st Law of Motion
Friction
The product of the mass of a moving object multiplied by its…
The rate at which an object moves
An object at rest will stay at rest unless acted on by an out…
The force that opposes the motion of an object is called what?
Momentum
The product of the mass of a moving object multiplied by its…
Speed
The rate at which an object moves
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