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Study sets matching "science inside earth sections"

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Study sets matching "science inside earth sections"

6 terms
Science Inside Earth Chapter1 Section 2
heat transfer
convection
radiation
density
the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
Heat transferred by the movement of fluids-liquids and gases
Heat transfer through empty space
A measure of how much mass is contained in a given volume.
heat transfer
the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
convection
Heat transferred by the movement of fluids-liquids and gases
6 terms
Science Inside Earth Ch.3 Section 1
volcano
magma
lava
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
Liquid magma that reaches the surface; also the rock formed w…
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
volcano
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface.
magma
A molten mixture of rock-forming substances, gases, and water…
21 terms
Science: Inside Earth: Section 2
Stress
Normal fault
Syncline
Epicenter
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
A type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; cause…
A downward fold in rock formed by compression in Earth's crust.
The point on Earth's surface directly above the earthquake's…
Stress
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume.
Normal fault
A type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; cause…
15 terms
Section 5.1 Science Inside Earth
Classifying rocks
Composition
Color
High silica content
When studying a rock sample, geologists observe 3 things. Com…
The specific mixture of minerals that make up a rock.
The colors found in a rock. It provides clues to the rock's m…
In general light color
Classifying rocks
When studying a rock sample, geologists observe 3 things. Com…
Composition
The specific mixture of minerals that make up a rock.
17 terms
Section 4.1 Science Inside Earth
Mineral
Naturally Occuring
Inorganic
Solid
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Must be formed by a process that occurs in the natural world.
Cannot be from materials that were once part of a living thing.
The particles are packed tightly together and it has a defini…
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Naturally Occuring
Must be formed by a process that occurs in the natural world.
11 terms
7th Science Inside the Earth - Section 1
STRESS
TENSION
COMPRESSION
SHEARING
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
Stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
Stress that pushes masses of rock in opposite directions, in…
STRESS
A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume
TENSION
Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the…
12 terms
Section 3.3 Science Inside Earth
Magma Chamber
Pipe
Vent
Crater
A Pocket that holds the magma below a volcano
The tube that connects the magma chamber to the Earth's surface
A spot where lava exits a volcano. Central one is the main on…
Bowl shaped area at top of volcano.
Magma Chamber
A Pocket that holds the magma below a volcano
Pipe
The tube that connects the magma chamber to the Earth's surface
12 terms
Section 3.1 Science Inside Earth
Volcano
Lava
Magma
Ring of Fire
A weak spot in Earth's crust where molten rock comes to the s…
Molten rock that's above the ground.
Molten rock that's under the ground.
A major volcanic belt that outlines the Pacific ocean.
Volcano
A weak spot in Earth's crust where molten rock comes to the s…
Lava
Molten rock that's above the ground.
16 terms
Science- chapter 1- inside earth- section 1
Rock
Geology
Constructive force
Destructive force
The material that forms Earth's hard surface.
The study of planet Earth.
A force that builds up mountains and land masses on Earth's s…
A force that slowly wears away mountains and other features o…
Rock
The material that forms Earth's hard surface.
Geology
The study of planet Earth.
18 terms
Section 3.2 Science Inside Earth
Element
Compound
Substance
Physical Property
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances.
A substance made of 2 or more elements that have been chemica…
Behaves in a certain way based on physical and chemical prope…
Can be observed without changing the composition of a substan…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances.
Compound
A substance made of 2 or more elements that have been chemica…
25 terms
EARTH SCIENCE: INSIDE THE EARTH
COMPOSITION
PRESSURE
CRUST
CONTINENTAL CRUST
* what something is made of... * earth's layers are made of many…
* force pushing on a surface or area... * increases the deeper y…
* outermost layer... * includes rocks, mountains, soil & water... *…
* thickest... * made of granite... * not as dense as oceanic crust
COMPOSITION
* what something is made of... * earth's layers are made of many…
PRESSURE
* force pushing on a surface or area... * increases the deeper y…
15 terms
Section 3.4 Science Inside Earth
Shield Volcanoes
Cinder Cone Volcanoes
Composite Volcanoes
Lava Plateaus
Formed by low viscosity lava flows which build up. Have wide…
Formed by high viscosity lava (and ash) which stacks up. Have…
Formed by alternating lava flows and ... explosive eruptions whi…
Formed by very thin, runny lava which floods an area and buil…
Shield Volcanoes
Formed by low viscosity lava flows which build up. Have wide…
Cinder Cone Volcanoes
Formed by high viscosity lava (and ash) which stacks up. Have…
15 terms
Section 5.1 Science Inside Earth
Classifying rocks
Composition
Color
High silica content
When studying a rock sample, geologists observe 3 things. Com…
The specific mixture of minerals that make up a rock.
The colors found in a rock. It provides clues to the rock's m…
In general light color
Classifying rocks
When studying a rock sample, geologists observe 3 things. Com…
Composition
The specific mixture of minerals that make up a rock.
8 terms
Science Inside Earth Chapter 1 Section 2
Radiation
Conduction
Convection
Density
The transfer of energy through space.
The transfer of heat within a material or between materials t…
the transfer of heat by movement of a fluid.
The amount of mass in a given space; mass per unit volume.
Radiation
The transfer of energy through space.
Conduction
The transfer of heat within a material or between materials t…
17 terms
Section 4.1 Science Inside Earth
Mineral
Naturally Occuring
Inorganic
Solid
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Must be formed by a process that occurs in the natural world.
Cannot be from materials that were once part of a living thing.
The particles are packed tightly together and it has a defini…
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
Naturally Occuring
Must be formed by a process that occurs in the natural world.
Science Inside Earth Volcanoes Sections 1-4
a weak spot in the crust where molten…
a molten mixture of rock-forming subst…
when magma reaches the surface
What is one major volcanic elt?
volcano
magma
lava
the ring of fire
a weak spot in the crust where molten…
volcano
a molten mixture of rock-forming subst…
magma
10 terms
6th Grade Science: Inside Earth Chapter 5 sections 1 and 2
Rock-forming minerals
Granite
Basalt
Grains
One of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of…
A usually light colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
The particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its…
Rock-forming minerals
One of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of…
Granite
A usually light colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
13 terms
Science inside earth vocab sections 1+2
Crust
Mantle
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
layer of rock that forms the earths outer skin
a layer of hot rock
uppermost part of the mantle and the crust forms the lithosph…
Soft layer that can bend like plastic
Crust
layer of rock that forms the earths outer skin
Mantle
a layer of hot rock
27 terms
Science: Inside Earth Terms: Section 1
Seismic Waves
Lithosphere
Radiation
Convection Current
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
The transfer of energy through space.
The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature…
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Lithosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
9 terms
Earth Science: Inside Earth
seismic waves
crust
upper mantle
lithosphere
Vibrations that travel through Earth
Earth's outermost layer.
Layer of the earth below the Earth's crust
A layer of relatively cool, rigid rock that includes the uppe…
seismic waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth
crust
Earth's outermost layer.
45 terms
science section 19.1 ( layers inside the earth )
the four layers in order are...
1st layer
2nd layer
3rd layer
crust mantle outer core inner core
crust
mantle
outer core
the four layers in order are...
crust mantle outer core inner core
1st layer
crust
17 terms
Science inside earth sections 1 and 2
crust
mantle
outer core
inner core
only a couple miles thick and made of rock can be deeper unde…
split into the lithosphere and the asthenosphere made of a ha…
made of a hot liquid of molten iron and nickel it is about 1,…
its very hot and solid sphere made out nickel and iron. it is…
crust
only a couple miles thick and made of rock can be deeper unde…
mantle
split into the lithosphere and the asthenosphere made of a ha…
24 terms
Science Sections 1-4 Inside The Earth
Crust
Mantle
Core
Lithosphere
Outer most layer of Earth
The layer of Earth between the crust and the core
Extends from the bottom of the mantle to the center of the ea…
The outermost, rigid layer of the earth is called lithosphere…
Crust
Outer most layer of Earth
Mantle
The layer of Earth between the crust and the core
10 terms
Science Vocabulary - Section 10 (Inside Earth)
Seismic Waves
Seismologist
Disturbance
P-waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth and are caused by events…
A scientist who detects and interprets seismic waves.
A movement that begins in one location and sets things in mot…
Seismic waves that move with a forward and backward motion; t…
Seismic Waves
Vibrations that travel through Earth and are caused by events…
Seismologist
A scientist who detects and interprets seismic waves.
11 terms
Science Inside Earth Vocab
Theory of Tectonic Plates
Tectonic Plates
Earthquake
Seismic Waves
The Earth's crust is made up of segments that are moving.
Segments on Earth's crust that are moving.
When two or more tectonic plates collide and shake the ground.
A release of energy from when tectonic plates move and collid…
Theory of Tectonic Plates
The Earth's crust is made up of segments that are moving.
Tectonic Plates
Segments on Earth's crust that are moving.
19 terms
Science inside earth chapter 1 section 1
Seismic waves
Pressure
Crust
Basalt
Waves is produced by earthquakes
Force pressing on an area
Layer of rock that forms earths outer skin
Dark rock with a fine texture
Seismic waves
Waves is produced by earthquakes
Pressure
Force pressing on an area
18 terms
7th Grade Science - Inside Earth - Section 1: Earth's Interior
Earth's Interior
Magnetic Force
Earth is made of 3 main layers
Crust
Geologists have to make predictions about what the Earth's in…
The Earth has a magnetic force that is caused by the inner co…
Crust... Mantle... Core
Thinnest layer of rock that forms Earth's outer skin - cooles…
Earth's Interior
Geologists have to make predictions about what the Earth's in…
Magnetic Force
The Earth has a magnetic force that is caused by the inner co…
14 terms
Earth Science Chapter 6 Section 1 Inside Earth
conduction
continental crust
convection
convection cell
The transfer of heat by direct contact from a higher-temperat…
The thicker, less dense part of Earth's crust that makes up t…
The transfer of heat by the movement of molecules in currents…
The circular current of warm material rising and cool materia…
conduction
The transfer of heat by direct contact from a higher-temperat…
continental crust
The thicker, less dense part of Earth's crust that makes up t…
30 terms
Science Unit-Inside Earth
a
d
c
a
Forces that shape Earth's surface by building up mountains an…
How do geologists observe Earth's interior?... a. by studying co…
What is the correct order (starting from the surface) of Eart…
Earth's inner core is...... a. a dense ball of solid metal.... b. a…
a
Forces that shape Earth's surface by building up mountains an…
d
How do geologists observe Earth's interior?... a. by studying co…
18 terms
Science Vocab - Inside Earth
Heat Transfer
Convection
Conduction
Radiation
The movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler one
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid
The transfer of heat between materials that are touching
The transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
Heat Transfer
The movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler one
Convection
The transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid
5 terms
Forces Inside Earth (Section 1)
Fault
Earthquake
Normal Fault
Reverse Fault
surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic l…
vibrations produced when rocks break along a fault
Break in rock caused by tension forces where rock above the f…
Break in rock caused by compression forces where rock above t…
Fault
surface along which rocks move when they pass their elastic l…
Earthquake
vibrations produced when rocks break along a fault
112 terms
Science Midterm- Inside Earth
geologist
rock
geology
constructive forces
scientist who studies forces that make and shape the planet
the material that forms Earth's hard surface; direct evidence…
the study of the planet Earth
forces that shape the Earth's surface by building up mountain…
geologist
scientist who studies forces that make and shape the planet
rock
the material that forms Earth's hard surface; direct evidence…
13 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2: Section 1 Vocabulary
earthquake
stress
fault
deformation
shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath the Ea…
force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume (how…
a break in Earth's crust (stress causes faults)
any change in the volume or shape of Earth's crust (caused by…
earthquake
shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath the Ea…
stress
force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume (how…
6 terms
Science: Inside the Earth (Layers of the Earth)
lithosphere
athenosphere
mantle
crust
The crust and the top part of the mantle
The layer of hot melted rock under the lithosphere. It is par…
The largest layer of the earth. It is under the crust.
The smallest layer of the earth. It is the where we live.
lithosphere
The crust and the top part of the mantle
athenosphere
The layer of hot melted rock under the lithosphere. It is par…
25 terms
EARTH SCIENCE: INSIDE THE EARTH
COMPOSITION
PRESSURE
CRUST
CONTINENTAL CRUST
* what something is made of... * earth's layers are made of many…
* force pushing on a surface or area... * increases the deeper y…
* outermost layer... * includes rocks, mountains, soil & water... *…
* thickest... * made of granite... * not as dense as oceanic crust
COMPOSITION
* what something is made of... * earth's layers are made of many…
PRESSURE
* force pushing on a surface or area... * increases the deeper y…
12 terms
Science - Inside Earth Vocabulary Essentials
pressure
crust
basalt
granite
This increases as you go deeper into the core.
This is the name of the Earth's outer layer. It is Earth's ro…
It is a dark, dense rock found at the bottom of the ocean flo…
This is a light coloured rock found in the Earth's crust.
pressure
This increases as you go deeper into the core.
crust
This is the name of the Earth's outer layer. It is Earth's ro…
12 terms
SCIENCE VOCAB INSIDE EARTH
Lithosphere
asthenosphere
seismic waves
subduction
a rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying energy that is…
the process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep ocean…
Lithosphere
a rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
asthenosphere
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats
16 terms
science INSIDE EARTH vocabulary
geologist
lithosphere
rock
geology
a scientist who studies the forests that make the shape of pl…
a ridged layer made up or the uppermost part of the mantle an…
the material that forms Earth's hard surface
the study of the plant Earth
geologist
a scientist who studies the forests that make the shape of pl…
lithosphere
a ridged layer made up or the uppermost part of the mantle an…
16 terms
section 1 inside earth
Geologists
Rock
Geology
Constructive Forces
scientists who study the forces that make and shape planet ea…
the material that forms earth's hard surface
the study of planet earth
they shape the surface by building up mountains and landmasses
Geologists
scientists who study the forces that make and shape planet ea…
Rock
the material that forms earth's hard surface
8 terms
section 5 inside earth
Plates
Scientific Theory
Plate Tectonics
Faults
separate sections the lithosphere is broken into
a well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observati…
the geological theory that states that pieces of the earth's…
breaks in earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each ot…
Plates
separate sections the lithosphere is broken into
Scientific Theory
a well-tested concept that explains a wide range of observati…
20 terms
section 1 inside earth
Geologists
Rock
Geology
Constructive Forces
scientists who study the forces that make and shape planet ea…
the material that forms earth's hard surface
the study of planet earth
a force that builds up mountains and landmasses on earths sur…
Geologists
scientists who study the forces that make and shape planet ea…
Rock
the material that forms earth's hard surface
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Inside Earth: Sections 3 + 4
shield volcano
cinder cone volcano
composite volcano (stratovolcano)
lava plateau
A wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and fo…
A steep, cone-shaped hill or mountain made of volcanic ash, c…
A tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternat…
high-level area formed by floods of lava cooling and solidify…
shield volcano
A wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and fo…
cinder cone volcano
A steep, cone-shaped hill or mountain made of volcanic ash, c…
13 terms
Science-HALL- Inside Earth
core
mantle
continental crust
crust
forms at the center of the earth
made of hot solid rock
thicker then oceanic crust, made of igneous, metamorphic and…
thin, brittle outer shell made of rock
core
forms at the center of the earth
mantle
made of hot solid rock
41 terms
Delta Science- Inside Earth
volcano
vent
magma
lava
mountain that forms around a vent where magma escapes to Eart…
opening in Earth's surface through which lava can flow
melted rock formed inside Earth
magma that reaches the Earth's surface
volcano
mountain that forms around a vent where magma escapes to Eart…
vent
opening in Earth's surface through which lava can flow
16 terms
inside earth section 1
direct evidence of earths inside
indirect evidence of earths inside
three layers of earth
earth layers varieties
rock samples, provide info about condition in deep earth
seismic waves, vibrations the go through earth after earthqua…
crust mantle core
size,composition, pressure, temperature
direct evidence of earths inside
rock samples, provide info about condition in deep earth
indirect evidence of earths inside
seismic waves, vibrations the go through earth after earthqua…
21 terms
Science: Earth inside-out
Two Types of Crust
Deepest Humans have been
4 main layers
Crust
Oceanic and Continental
5 or 6 Miles
Crust, Mantle, Outer Core, Inner Core
Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Sodium, Potassium,…
Two Types of Crust
Oceanic and Continental
Deepest Humans have been
5 or 6 Miles
9 terms
Science inside earth
organism
species
population
community
a living thing
a group of organisms that are physically similar. They can ma…
all of the members of one speices of one area
the different populations that live together in an area
organism
a living thing
species
a group of organisms that are physically similar. They can ma…
10 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer: Inside Earth Chapter 1 Section 1 Earth's Interior
seismic waves
pressure
crust
basalt
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
the force exerted on a surface on a surface divided by the ar…
the layer of rock that form Earth's outer surface
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
seismic waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
pressure
the force exerted on a surface on a surface divided by the ar…
12 terms
Science Explorer Inside Earth Chapter 2: Section 1 Vocabulary
stress
shearing stress
tension stress
compression stress
force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume (how…
causes strike-slip fault (rocks slip past each other) (transf…
causes normal fault (hanging wall moves down) (rift valley) (…
causes reverse fault (hanging wall moves up) (mountains) (con…
stress
force that acts on a rock to change its shape or volume (how…
shearing stress
causes strike-slip fault (rocks slip past each other) (transf…
13 terms
Section 1 : Inside Earth
Compound
Crust
Mantle
Core
is a substance composed of two or more elements
the other most layer of the Earth... 1% of the Earth's mass... 100k…
the layer of the rock between the Earth's crust and core... 67%…
the central part if the Earth below the mantle... 33% of the Ear…
Compound
is a substance composed of two or more elements
Crust
the other most layer of the Earth... 1% of the Earth's mass... 100k…
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