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Study sets matching "science minerals fossils"

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Study sets matching "science minerals fossils"

42 terms
Science- rocks, minerals, and fossils
mineral
element
atom
compound
naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a crystal-like str…
pure substance that can't be separated into simpler substance…
smallest part of an element that has all the properties of ta…
a pure substance made of 2 or more elements, that are chemica…
mineral
naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a crystal-like str…
element
pure substance that can't be separated into simpler substance…
32 terms
Science : Rocks , Minerals,&Fossils
A mineral must be _ which means that i…
What is the hardest mineral ? What is…
Magma that cools very slowly beneath e…
Why are brick,glass,& steel no conside…
Inorganic
Diamond - hardest... Talc - softest
Course grain (larger )
Because they are man made
A mineral must be _ which means that i…
Inorganic
What is the hardest mineral ? What is…
Diamond - hardest... Talc - softest
12 terms
Science- rocks, minerals, fossils
Sediment
Cast
Trace fossil
Mold
Dirt, dust, and sand
Forms when mud or minerals fill up the mold
Footprints left in the mud, which hardened over time
Takes the shape of the once-living thing
Sediment
Dirt, dust, and sand
Cast
Forms when mud or minerals fill up the mold
25 terms
Science Minerals & Rocks, Soil, Fossils
Mineral
Property
Color
Hardiness
A natural, nonliving substance that makes up a rock (3,000 ty…
Characteristic that describes something
Type of Property, can not identify Mineral based just on this…
Type of Property, ability to scratch or be scratched by anoth…
Mineral
A natural, nonliving substance that makes up a rock (3,000 ty…
Property
Characteristic that describes something
10 terms
Chapter 1 Science Vocabulary, Minerals, Rocks, and Fossils
mineral
rock
crust
mantle
An object that is a solid, is formed in nature, and has never…
A solid made of minerals.
The solid outside layer of the Earth.
The middle layer of the Earth.
mineral
An object that is a solid, is formed in nature, and has never…
rock
A solid made of minerals.
17 terms
Science Final Exam - Minerals/Rocks/Fossils
Diamond
Luster
Mineral
Mohs Scale
The hardest mineral that can not be scratched by any other mi…
Describes how minerals reflect light.
This is any nonliving solid that has crystal form.
The scale used to test the hardness of minerals.
Diamond
The hardest mineral that can not be scratched by any other mi…
Luster
Describes how minerals reflect light.
27 terms
Science test: minerals, rocks and fossils
Mineral
Rock
Crust
Mantle
An object that is solid, is formed in nature, and has never b…
A solid made of minerals
The solid outside layer of the earth
The middle layer of the earth
Mineral
An object that is solid, is formed in nature, and has never b…
Rock
A solid made of minerals
86 terms
Science Final: Rocks/Minerals/Fossils
physical property
chemical property
5 characteristics of a mineral
mineral crystals form by
characteristics that do NOT change the substances composition
properties dependent on INTERACTING with other substances
-inorganic--not made of living material... -naturally occurring-…
-evaporation--liquid in which minerals are dissolved in, turn…
physical property
characteristics that do NOT change the substances composition
chemical property
properties dependent on INTERACTING with other substances
30 terms
6th grade Science Rocks, Minerals, & Fossils
Erosion
Weathering
Fracture
Cleavage
Process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragments…
chemical & physical processes that break down rock at Earth's…
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an unusual way
mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
Erosion
Process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragments…
Weathering
chemical & physical processes that break down rock at Earth's…
15 terms
Science rocks, minerals and fossil fuels
A rock
A mineral
How to test a mineral's hardness on th…
Moh's Hardness Scale
naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
naturally occuring substance that makes up rocks
Take the mineral and scratch it on a fingernail, penny, nail,…
A scale of 1-10 to tell how hard a mineral is
A rock
naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
A mineral
naturally occuring substance that makes up rocks
9 terms
Science: Minerals, Rocks, Fossils, & Soil.
soil
clay
sand
silt
A mixture of minerals, broken down rocks, and other things
It has the smallest grains, holds water easily, and is sticky…
Has large grains, water leaves quickly, feels gritty
Has smaller pieces than sand, feels like powder
soil
A mixture of minerals, broken down rocks, and other things
clay
It has the smallest grains, holds water easily, and is sticky…
19 terms
Science-Rocks, Mineral, Fossil Review
fossil
Where do most fossils form? igneous, s…
How do fossils form?
What layer would the oldest rock or fo…
preserved clues to life on Earth long ago
sedimentary rocks
when dead plants or animals are buried quickly in sediments.…
the bottom layer
fossil
preserved clues to life on Earth long ago
Where do most fossils form? igneous, s…
sedimentary rocks
24 terms
Science: Rocks, Minerals, Fossil Fuels
Define a Rock
Define a Mineral
How do you test a mineral on the Mohs…
Rocks are classified by what?
Naturally formed solid of 1 or more minerals.
Naturally occurring substance that makes up rocks.
Take a few things that's hardness on the Moh's scale is known…
How they're formed
Define a Rock
Naturally formed solid of 1 or more minerals.
Define a Mineral
Naturally occurring substance that makes up rocks.
26 terms
Science Unit 1: Rocks, Minerals, Soils, & Fossils
mineral
hardness
scratch test
characteristics
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive
the measure of how difficult it is for a mineral to be scratc…
a way to find out how hard a mineral is
features that help to identify something
mineral
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive
hardness
the measure of how difficult it is for a mineral to be scratc…
30 terms
BMMSBroncos 6th grade Science Rocks, Minerals, & Fossils
Erosion
Weathering
Fracture
Cleavage
Process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragments…
chemical & physical processes that break down rock at Earth's…
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an unusual way
mineral's ability to split easily along flat surfaces
Erosion
Process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragments…
Weathering
chemical & physical processes that break down rock at Earth's…
47 terms
Rocks, Minerals, & Fossils Midterm (Earth Science)
Hematite
Halite
Feldspar
Hornblend
Hematite
Halite
24 terms
Science: Rocks, Minerals, Fossil Fuels
Define a Rock
Define a Mineral
How do you test a mineral on the Mohs…
Rocks are classified by what?
Naturally formed solid of 1 or more minerals.
Naturally occurring substance that makes up rocks.
Take a few things that's hardness on the Moh's scale is known…
How they're formed
Define a Rock
Naturally formed solid of 1 or more minerals.
Define a Mineral
Naturally occurring substance that makes up rocks.
26 terms
Science Rocks and Minerals and Fossils Test Review
1. Minerals are
2. Properties scientists use to identi…
3. List 5 different minerals.
4. Luster means
...
...
...
...
1. Minerals are
...
2. Properties scientists use to identi…
...
26 terms
Science Rocks and Minerals and Fossils Test Review
1. Minerals are
2. Properties scientists use to identi…
3. List 5 different minerals.
4. Luster means
...
...
...
...
1. Minerals are
...
2. Properties scientists use to identi…
...
10 terms
Science Vocab Words Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils
mineral
element
compound
crystal
A mineral is a naturally formed, inorganic that has a definit…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
The chemical makeup of a rock; describes either minerals or o…
A solid whose atoms, or ions, or molecules are arranged in a…
mineral
A mineral is a naturally formed, inorganic that has a definit…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
10 terms
Science Fossils
fossil
extinct
paleontologist
preserve
imprint or remains of plant or animal that once was alive and…
gone forever, all one kind of a plant or animal dies
a scientist who studies fossils
to keep something as it was
fossil
imprint or remains of plant or animal that once was alive and…
extinct
gone forever, all one kind of a plant or animal dies
20 terms
Science// Rock, Minerals, and Fossils Test vocab.
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Mantle
Inner core
Made of crust and upper mantle
Lithosphere floats in this layer
Below crust
Innermost layer of earth
Lithosphere
Made of crust and upper mantle
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere floats in this layer
20 terms
Science - Rocks, Minerals, and Fossil Fuels Review
What is the definition of a rock?
What is the definition of a mineral?
Bricks are to buildings as minerals ar…
Describe how to test a mineral for its…
A rock is a naturally formed solid made of one or more minera…
A solid, naturally occurring substance that makes up rocks.
Rocks
Take the mineral and scratch it on a fingernail, penny, nail,…
What is the definition of a rock?
A rock is a naturally formed solid made of one or more minera…
What is the definition of a mineral?
A solid, naturally occurring substance that makes up rocks.
10 terms
Kathleen- science test: minerals, rocks, fossils
minerals
rocks
hardness
streak
nonliving solid material found in Earth's outermost layer
solid material made up of one or more minerals
the property that describes how easily a mineral can be scrat…
the color of a mineral when it is ground to a powder
minerals
nonliving solid material found in Earth's outermost layer
rocks
solid material made up of one or more minerals
20 terms
Science rocks, minerals and fossils test vocabulary
Lithosphere
Asthenosphere
Mantle
Inner Core
Made of crust and upper mantle
Lithosphere floats on this layer
Below the crust
The inner most layer of Earth
Lithosphere
Made of crust and upper mantle
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere floats on this layer
20 terms
Lily science minerals, rocks, fossils and soil
mineral
rock
Mohs scale
ways to identify rocks
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive
a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
to tell the hardness of a mineral
hardness test, color, and streak
mineral
a solid object found in nature that has never been alive
rock
a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals
10 terms
Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils
mineral
rock
crust
mantle
an object that is solid, is formed in nature, and has never b…
a solid made of minerals
the solid outside layer of the Earth
the middle layer of Earth
mineral
an object that is solid, is formed in nature, and has never b…
rock
a solid made of minerals
17 terms
3rd grade Unit 2 Science - Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils
rocks
minerals
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
anything made out of minerals
anything that is a solid, was formed in nature, and was never…
a rock once melted, but cooled and hardened
any type of rock changed by heat and pressure
rocks
anything made out of minerals
minerals
anything that is a solid, was formed in nature, and was never…
Minerals, Rocks and Fossils Vocabulary
mineral
rock
crust
mantle
object that is solid, formed in nature, and has NEVER been al…
solid made of minerals
the solid outside layer of the Earth
the middle layer of the Earth
mineral
object that is solid, formed in nature, and has NEVER been al…
rock
solid made of minerals
30 terms
Capo: Science- Minerals, Ores, and Fossil Fuels
The color of a minerals powder is know…
The term used to describe how a minera…
You use the Mohs scale to determine a…
The mass of an object in a given space…
Streak
Luster
Hardness
Density
The color of a minerals powder is know…
Streak
The term used to describe how a minera…
Luster
9 terms
Rocks, minerals and fossils
Rock
Mineral
Rock Cycle
Sedimentary
Made up of minerals
Made up of elements
A series of processes that change one type of rock into anoth…
A type of rock that forms when sediments, plants and/or anima…
Rock
Made up of minerals
Mineral
Made up of elements
32 terms
Rocks Minerals Fossils
breakage
color
continental drift
cooling
how a mineral breaks, for example cleavage or fracture
the color of a mineral observed by the human eye
the theory that tectonic plates have slowly moved
process responsible for turning lava into igneous rock
breakage
how a mineral breaks, for example cleavage or fracture
color
the color of a mineral observed by the human eye
9 terms
Rocks, minerals and fossils
Rock
Mineral
Rock Cycle
Sedimentary
Made up of minerals
Made up of elements
A series of processes that change one type of rock into anoth…
A type of rock that forms when sediments, plants and/or anima…
Rock
Made up of minerals
Mineral
Made up of elements
14 terms
Minerals, rocks, and fossils
mineral
rock
crust
mantle
solid natural object that has never been alive
solid material made of one or more minerals
Earth's solid outer layer- thin and made of solid rock
Earth's middle layer- thicker and made of hot, soft rock
mineral
solid natural object that has never been alive
rock
solid material made of one or more minerals
12 terms
Minerals, Rocks, and Fossils
mineral
rock
mantle
core
a solid natural object that has never been alive
solid material made of one or more minerals
Earth's MIDDLE layer
the CENTER of Earth
mineral
a solid natural object that has never been alive
rock
solid material made of one or more minerals
21 terms
Rocks, Minerals, Soil, and Fossils
rock
mineral
nonmetallic mineral
metallic mineral
a solid made of one or... more minerals (noun)
a material that is found in... nature and that has never ... been a…
a mineral that does not contain metal and is dull with no lus…
a mineral that is shiny like... a metal (noun)
rock
a solid made of one or... more minerals (noun)
mineral
a material that is found in... nature and that has never ... been a…
9 terms
Rocks, Minerals, Fossils
Rock Cycle
Metamorphic
Igneous Rock
Sedimentary Rock
The process of how rocks change.
A sedimentary or igneous rock that undergoes heat and pressur…
Comes from the Latin word ignis which means fire. Rocks made…
Mud, sand and pebbles in layers undergo pressure and then tur…
Rock Cycle
The process of how rocks change.
Metamorphic
A sedimentary or igneous rock that undergoes heat and pressur…
14 terms
Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils
mineral
rock
crust
mantle
an object that is solid, is formed in nature, and has never b…
a solid made of minerals
the solid outside layer of the Earth
the middle layer of Earth
mineral
an object that is solid, is formed in nature, and has never b…
rock
a solid made of minerals
18 terms
Rocks, Minerals & Fossils
fossil
coal
cast
petrified
Preserved evidence of a living thing from long ago.
A fossil fuel
A fossil formed or shaped within a mold
A wood that turns into stone
fossil
Preserved evidence of a living thing from long ago.
coal
A fossil fuel
32 terms
Rocks, Minerals & Fossils Study Gide
A mineral must be _______________, whi…
What is the hardest known mineral? The…
Magma that cools very slowly beneath t…
Why are brick, steel, and glass NOT co…
Inorganic
Hardest: Diamond... Softest: Talc
Coarse grain (larger)
They are man made
A mineral must be _______________, whi…
Inorganic
What is the hardest known mineral? The…
Hardest: Diamond... Softest: Talc
16 terms
Minerals, Rocks, and Fossils
Rock
Mineral
Fossil
Rock Cycle
Solid material made of one or more minerals.
Solid natural object that has never been alive.
Marks or remains of a once-living thing.
A process of changing rock types.
Rock
Solid material made of one or more minerals.
Mineral
Solid natural object that has never been alive.
20 terms
Rocks, Minerals and Fossils
Mineral
Rock
Properties
Hardness
A natural, nonliving, usually solid material found in rocks
A material made up of more than one mineral.
Characteristics of matter that can be observed or measured.
A property of minerals, the ability of a mineral to scratch a…
Mineral
A natural, nonliving, usually solid material found in rocks
Rock
A material made up of more than one mineral.
23 terms
Minerals, Rocks, and Fossils
amber
cast
extinct
fossil
hardened tree sap
a type of fossil that forms when a fossil mold is filled with…
When all the living things of one kind have died out
the remains or traces of a living thing from long ago
amber
hardened tree sap
cast
a type of fossil that forms when a fossil mold is filled with…
24 terms
Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils
Rocks
Minerals
Hardness
How is a mineral hardness classified?
Solid, nonliving thin made up of one or more minerals
Solids formed in nature, are inorganic, and have distinct pro…
Refers to whether a mineral can be scratched, or whether it c…
A mineral can be labeled 1-10.
Rocks
Solid, nonliving thin made up of one or more minerals
Minerals
Solids formed in nature, are inorganic, and have distinct pro…
12 terms
Science Unit C Ch 1 Minerals, Rocks, and Fossils
mineral
rock
crust
mantle
a solid object formed in nature that has never been alive
made of minerals
solid outer layer of the Earth
middle layer of the Earth made of soft rock
mineral
a solid object formed in nature that has never been alive
rock
made of minerals
10 terms
Science 8-3.5 Minerals, Ores, and Fossil Fuels
natural resources
renewable resources
non-renewable resources
physical properties
Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and…
Natural resources that can be replaced.
a resource that cannot be reused or replaced easily (ex. gems…
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
natural resources
Materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and…
renewable resources
Natural resources that can be replaced.
31 terms
Rocks, minerals, and fossils
A mineral must be _________________
What is the hardest known mineral? Wha…
Magma that cools very slowly beneath t…
Why are brick, steel, and glass NOT co…
In-organic
Softest: talc... Hardest: diamond
large (coarse)
they aren't naturally occurring
A mineral must be _________________
In-organic
What is the hardest known mineral? Wha…
Softest: talc... Hardest: diamond
16 terms
rocks, minerals, soils, fossils
mineral
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
A solid object found in nature that has never been alive.
Rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened
rock made when materials settle into layers and get squeezed…
rock that has been changed by heat or pressure
mineral
A solid object found in nature that has never been alive.
igneous rock
Rock that was once melted and then cooled and hardened
20 terms
Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils
Four main parts of a mineral
naturally formed
inorganic solid
specific chemical position
Naturally formed, inorganic solid, specific chemical position…
cannot be man-made
can never have lived
always looks the same under the microscope.
Four main parts of a mineral
Naturally formed, inorganic solid, specific chemical position…
naturally formed
cannot be man-made
10 terms
Rocks, Minerals, and Fossils Vocabulary
igneous
mantle
rock
sedimentary rock
rock that was once melted but has cooled and hardened
Earth's middle layer
solid material made of one or more minerals
materials that settle into layers and harden
igneous
rock that was once melted but has cooled and hardened
mantle
Earth's middle layer
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