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Study sets matching "science physical chemical"

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Study sets matching "science physical chemical"

28 terms
Science Physical and chemical properties!
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Blue Color
Density
1.... Observed with senses... 2.... Determined without destroying matter
1.... Indicates how a substance reacts with something else.... 2. M…
Physical
Chemical
Physical Property
1.... Observed with senses... 2.... Determined without destroying matter
Chemical Property
1.... Indicates how a substance reacts with something else.... 2. M…
17 terms
Physical and Chemical Properties (Science)
Conductivity
density
solubility
odor
the ability to
an object's mass divided by its volume; a measure of how many…
amount of a substance that can dissolve in a particular solve…
the smell that something emits
Conductivity
the ability to
density
an object's mass divided by its volume; a measure of how many…
18 terms
Science- Physical and Chemical Change
Physical Change
Indicators of Physical Change
Chemical Change
Indicators of Chemical Change
No new substance is produced during the change
They are often reversible... 1. Change in shape/form... 2. Expansio…
A new substance is produced in the change
The new substance can be a solid liquid or a gas... 1. Colour ch…
Physical Change
No new substance is produced during the change
Indicators of Physical Change
They are often reversible... 1. Change in shape/form... 2. Expansio…
35 terms
Physical Science Ch 7 Chemical Reactions
chemical change
Law of Conservation of Mass
reactant
product
The change of one or more substances into another substance.
the total mass before a chemical reaction is the same as the…
the starting materials in a chemical reaction
the new substances that are formed in a chemical reaction
chemical change
The change of one or more substances into another substance.
Law of Conservation of Mass
the total mass before a chemical reaction is the same as the…
Physical Science - CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS TEST
Define valence electrons
What subatomic particle participates i…
What do all atoms want?
Define the octet rule
The outermost electrons in an atom
The electron
A full valence shell to gain stability
All atoms want 8 valence electrons
Define valence electrons
The outermost electrons in an atom
What subatomic particle participates i…
The electron
13 terms
Science Physical and Chemical properties of Matter
Matter
Volume
weight
Newton
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The amount of space an object occupies or the amount of space…
a measure of gravitational pull
SI unit of force
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Volume
The amount of space an object occupies or the amount of space…
31 terms
Science-physical and chemical change
Endothermic
Liquids
Calculating volume
Solids
Take an energy so the surroundings cool down (Bond breaking)…
Incompressible, flows to take shape of their container
V= LxWxH
Incompressible, hold their shape
Endothermic
Take an energy so the surroundings cool down (Bond breaking)…
Liquids
Incompressible, flows to take shape of their container
27 terms
science/ physical & chemical test
______: characteristic that can be obs…
______: (physical property) includes t…
______ , ______ , and ______ are measu…
______ and ______ are physical propert…
physical property
appearance
Volume... Mass... Density
Melting Point... Boiling Point
______: characteristic that can be obs…
physical property
______: (physical property) includes t…
appearance
42 terms
Science (physical and chemical change
Physical Change
Chemical change
What are the indicators of physical ch…
What are the indicators of chemical ch…
A change when no new substance if formed.
A new substance was produced from the change
They are often reservable, change of shape or form,expansion…
New substance can be a liquid, solid or gas, colour change, g…
Physical Change
A change when no new substance if formed.
Chemical change
A new substance was produced from the change
41 terms
science- physical and chemical properties
What is matter?
What are two things matter is made up…
Wht is a pure substance composed of?
Salt, baking soda, sugar, and water ar…
anything that has mass and volume
Physical and chemical properties
A single type of matter (regardless of where it comes from)
Pure substances
What is matter?
anything that has mass and volume
What are two things matter is made up…
Physical and chemical properties
15 terms
5th Science - Physical and Chemical Changes
physical change
solution
mixture
1) physical change example
change in size, shape, or state
one or more kinds of matter MIXED EVENLY
different kinds of matter mixed together
size - tearing paper
physical change
change in size, shape, or state
solution
one or more kinds of matter MIXED EVENLY
27 terms
science chemical and physical properties
matter
ductile
heat of combustion
luster
anything that has mass and takes up space
a term used to describe a material that can be pulled out int…
the temperature at which a substance will burn... {CHEMICAL PROP…
the way a mineral reflects light from its surface ... {PHYSICAL…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
ductile
a term used to describe a material that can be pulled out int…
18 terms
Science - Physical and chemical changes
What is expansion?
What is contraction?
What is a gas to a liquid?
List all changes of state.
Expansion occurs when a solid, liquid or gas is heated, and t…
Contraction is when a solid, liquid or gas is cooled, and the…
condensation
solid to liquid: melting. liquid to gas: evaporation. gas to…
What is expansion?
Expansion occurs when a solid, liquid or gas is heated, and t…
What is contraction?
Contraction is when a solid, liquid or gas is cooled, and the…
29 terms
Physical Science Chapter 6-Chemical Bonds
Ionic Bonds
Ion
Ion
Cation
exist between ions
an electrically charged atom
results from the loss or gain of electrons
an atom or groups of atoms with a POSITIVE charge
Ionic Bonds
exist between ions
Ion
an electrically charged atom
19 terms
Science Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter
Matter
Volume
Newton
Inertia
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The amount of space an object occupies or the amount of space…
SI unit of force
An object's resistance to change in motion
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Volume
The amount of space an object occupies or the amount of space…
33 terms
Science prep physical and chemical
Physical change
Chemical change
Form a bar of copper into a wire
Frying eggs
The physical apperance changes but the same such as melting
The identity of the stubstance changing such as burning
Physical
Chemical
Physical change
The physical apperance changes but the same such as melting
Chemical change
The identity of the stubstance changing such as burning
6 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2: Physical and Chemical Changes
solid
liquid
gas
chemical change
shape and volume does not change when moved from one containe…
when put into a container, it will take the container's shape
a substance such as air or water vapor, which is not solid or…
a process which changes one or more substances to form an ent…
solid
shape and volume does not change when moved from one containe…
liquid
when put into a container, it will take the container's shape
45 terms
physical and chemical science
physical change
chemical change
law of conservation
atom
is a change that affects one or more properties of a substanc…
occurs when one or more substances change into entirely new s…
states that in ordinary chemical and physical changes, mass i…
are the smallest unit if an element that maintains the proper…
physical change
is a change that affects one or more properties of a substanc…
chemical change
occurs when one or more substances change into entirely new s…
27 terms
Science Physical/Chemical
Solid ➡️ liquid
Liquid ➡️ Gas
Solid ➡️ Gas
Gas ➡️ Solid
Melting / endothermic
Vaporization / endothermic
Sublimation / endothermic
Deposition / exothermic
Solid ➡️ liquid
Melting / endothermic
Liquid ➡️ Gas
Vaporization / endothermic
29 terms
Science "Physical & Chemical Change!"
Physical Change
(P) Change in shape
Chemical Change
(C) Examples
change that alters form or appearance but doesn't form a new…
bending, crushing, breaking, chopping
change that produces one or more new substances
combustion, oxidation, tarnishing
Physical Change
change that alters form or appearance but doesn't form a new…
(P) Change in shape
bending, crushing, breaking, chopping
13 terms
Science physical and chemical
State
Cohesion
Adhesion
Melting Point
Solid, liquid, or gas
Ability to stick to itself
Ability to stick to other substances
Temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to a li…
State
Solid, liquid, or gas
Cohesion
Ability to stick to itself
11 terms
Physical Science: Chemical Bonding
Chemical Formula
Chemical Bond
Ion
Ionic Bond
Composed of symbolsand subscripts indicating the number of at…
Force that hold atoms together in a compound
Charged particle that has either more or fewer electrons than…
Force of attraction between the opposite charges of the ions…
Chemical Formula
Composed of symbolsand subscripts indicating the number of at…
Chemical Bond
Force that hold atoms together in a compound
40 terms
science (physical/chemical)
physical properties
density
State
thermal conductivity
can be observed or measured without changing what a substance…
amount of matter in a given space. Always the same at given t…
physical form in which a substance exists (solid, liquid, has…
rate at which a substance transfers heat. (how fast the subst…
physical properties
can be observed or measured without changing what a substance…
density
amount of matter in a given space. Always the same at given t…
14 terms
Physical science chemical bonds
Electron dot diagram
Anion
Cation
Chemical Bond
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
An ion with a negative charge
An ion with a positive charge
The force that holds atoms or ion together as a unit
Electron dot diagram
A model of an atom in which each dot represents a valence ele…
Anion
An ion with a negative charge
58 terms
Science Physical and Chemical
physical properties
physical properties substance has
extrinsic properties
example of extrinsic properties
characteristics of an element or compound that can be observe…
color, density, mass, and solubility
change depending on the amount of the substance present
mass and volume
physical properties
characteristics of an element or compound that can be observe…
physical properties substance has
color, density, mass, and solubility
19 terms
Physical and Chemical Science
Mixture
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Heterogeneous Mixture
a mixture of two or more substances that are not chemically c…
a reversible change in the physical properties of a substance…
a usually irreversible chemical reaction involving the rearra…
any combination of substances that does not have uniform comp…
Mixture
a mixture of two or more substances that are not chemically c…
Physical Change
a reversible change in the physical properties of a substance…
22 terms
science - physical/chemical changes
physical
chemical
physical
physical
anything that can be changed WITHOUT changing the make up of…
a change in matter where NEW SUBSTANCES ARE FORMED
melting a popsicle
ripping a paper in half
physical
anything that can be changed WITHOUT changing the make up of…
chemical
a change in matter where NEW SUBSTANCES ARE FORMED
20 terms
science chemical physical change
flammable
melting
chopping wood
baking a cake
chemical property
physical change
physical change
chemical change
flammable
chemical property
melting
physical change
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5: Chemical Reactions
precipitate
chemical reaction
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
a solid that forms from solution during a chemical reaction
occur when chemical bonds break or when new bonds form
a reaction that absorbs energy (takes heat away from the solu…
a reaction that releases energy in the form of heat
precipitate
a solid that forms from solution during a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
occur when chemical bonds break or when new bonds form
23 terms
Science Physical and Chemical
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Can be observed without chemically changing matter
Describe how a substance interacts with other substances
Do not produce new substances; Changes in state or form
Produce new substances, with properties that are different fr…
Physical Property
Can be observed without chemically changing matter
Chemical Property
Describe how a substance interacts with other substances
62 terms
Science- physical & chemical properties
comp 008: physical & chemical properties
matter
mass
volume
teacher understand the physical and chemical properties of an…
anything that takes up space and has mass
amount of matter in object or thing... -causes weight; does not…
amount of space that matter takes up
comp 008: physical & chemical properties
teacher understand the physical and chemical properties of an…
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
11 terms
Science physical /chemical change
Physical property
Chemical property
Physical change
Chemical change
Matter can be observed or measured without changing the ident…
Describe us substance based on its ability to change into a n…
Change that affects one or more physical properties it mainta…
Occurs when one or more substances are changed into entirely…
Physical property
Matter can be observed or measured without changing the ident…
Chemical property
Describe us substance based on its ability to change into a n…
Physical Science Chemical Reactions
Combustion Reaction
Exogonic Reaction
Endergonic
Exothermic
Reaction that contains hydrocarbon atoms and oxygen which whe…
Reaction that produces energy
Reaction the requires energy to start
Reaction the produces heat
Combustion Reaction
Reaction that contains hydrocarbon atoms and oxygen which whe…
Exogonic Reaction
Reaction that produces energy
143 terms
Harper-Physical Science: Chemical Bonding
atom
subatomic particles
nucleus
electron cloud
The basic unit of a chemical element and is super tiny. A par…
particles smaller than an atom... -protons... -neutrons... -electrons
Where is most of the mass of the atom?
Where is most of the volume of the atom?
atom
The basic unit of a chemical element and is super tiny. A par…
subatomic particles
particles smaller than an atom... -protons... -neutrons... -electrons
8 terms
Science physical/chemical
Physical property
Physical change
Chemical property
Chemical change
A feature or characteristic of matter which can be observed w…
The appearance of a change but you still have the same substa…
How one reacts to another.
A change that occurs when materials react or are broken into…
Physical property
A feature or characteristic of matter which can be observed w…
Physical change
The appearance of a change but you still have the same substa…
22 terms
Science physical, chemical
Malleability
Physical change
Electrical conductivity
Density
Be made into thin sheets
Doesn't change identity
Conduct electric current
Relationship between mass and volume
Malleability
Be made into thin sheets
Physical change
Doesn't change identity
8 terms
8A Science: Chemical & Physical Change
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Signs of a Chemical Change:
Chemicals are added into food because:
A change in appearance, size or shape - could happen when a f…
Occurs when new substances are formed as a result of the chan…
- A gas is produced ... - Heat is either absorbed or produced ... -…
- Keeps the food stable ... - Improves its appearance ... - Increas…
Physical Change
A change in appearance, size or shape - could happen when a f…
Chemical Change
Occurs when new substances are formed as a result of the chan…
Physical & Chemical Science
physical properties
chemical properties
physical change
chemical change
can be observed or measured without changing the substance
Characteristic that cannot be observed without altering the s…
A change that affects the appearance but not the chemical mak…
a change that occurs in matter that results from a change in…
physical properties
can be observed or measured without changing the substance
chemical properties
Characteristic that cannot be observed without altering the s…
19 terms
science physical/chemical
metalloid
chemical propery
physical property
polarity
an element that is not a metal but has some properties of met…
a property or behavior of a substance when it undergoes a che…
characteristics of matter that can be observed or measured wi…
the attraction toward a particular or in a specific direction…
metalloid
an element that is not a metal but has some properties of met…
chemical propery
a property or behavior of a substance when it undergoes a che…
13 terms
Chemical Bonding- Physical Science
Octet Rule
Lewis Dot Diagram
Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
holds up to 8 electrons
A method for representing an atom's valence electrons using d…
Bonds between atoms that form by transferring electrons
Bonds created by sharing electrons with other atoms.
Octet Rule
holds up to 8 electrons
Lewis Dot Diagram
A method for representing an atom's valence electrons using d…
48 terms
Science Physical and Chemical
P
P
C
C
Perfume on your skin
Butter melting
Wood rotting
Leaves changing color
P
Perfume on your skin
P
Butter melting
14 terms
Science Physical and Chemical
Viscosity
Conductivity
Malleability
Hardness
The tendency of a liquid to keep from flowing
A material's ability to allow heat to flow
A materials ability to be hammered and not break
Example on how to test it: scratching two materials together
Viscosity
The tendency of a liquid to keep from flowing
Conductivity
A material's ability to allow heat to flow
23 terms
Science Vocab. Chemical and Physical
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
matter that has the exact same composition
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
the smallest particle of an element
a substance that is made from two or more simpler substances
Pure Substance
matter that has the exact same composition
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
12 terms
Physical Science Chemical Changes
exothermic reactions
endothermic reaction
chemical reaction
reactants
energy given off is primarily in the form of thermal energy,…
when the energy needed is in the form of thermal energy, not…
change in which one or more substances are connected into a n…
substance that reacts
exothermic reactions
energy given off is primarily in the form of thermal energy,…
endothermic reaction
when the energy needed is in the form of thermal energy, not…
Science- physical/ chemical change
Physical property + examples
Chemical property + examples
Mass
Volume
Color, shape, smell, taste, texture. If you paint an object a…
Flammability, reactivity, toxicity. When an apple rots, oxyge…
The amount of matter in an object, how many atoms it has.
Amount of 3D space an object takes up
Physical property + examples
Color, shape, smell, taste, texture. If you paint an object a…
Chemical property + examples
Flammability, reactivity, toxicity. When an apple rots, oxyge…
8 terms
science chemical&physical changes
Matter
Density Formula
Density
Physical properties
Anything that has mass and volume
Mass/volume=density
How much matter there is in a certain amount of space
Something you can observe about something without changing th…
Matter
Anything that has mass and volume
Density Formula
Mass/volume=density
19 terms
Science Physical and Chemical Vocabulary
Melting point
Boiling point
plasma
physical property
the temperature at which a substance changes
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
a state of matter made up of charged atoms, uncharged atoms,…
a property that describes a substance by itself, such as colo…
Melting point
the temperature at which a substance changes
Boiling point
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
34 terms
Physical science chemical symbols
Copper
Lead
Potassium
Tin
Cu
Pb
K
Sn
Copper
Cu
Lead
Pb
18 terms
Chemical Bonding Physical Science
Electrons (Valence Electrons)
Valence Electrons
Outermost shell of the atom
8
Which part of the atom is responsible for chemical bonding?
an electron that is associated with an atom that can particip…
Where are valence electrons located?
How many valence electrons do most atoms need to have a compl…
Electrons (Valence Electrons)
Which part of the atom is responsible for chemical bonding?
Valence Electrons
an electron that is associated with an atom that can particip…
19 terms
Physical Science - Chemical Rxns Review
True/False... In a chemical rxn, the reac…
True/False... The coefficients are always…
What are "reactants"?
What are "products"?
False... Reactants are on the left.... Products are on the right.
False
The substances that undergo change in a chemical reaction.
What is formed in a chemical reaction.
True/False... In a chemical rxn, the reac…
False... Reactants are on the left.... Products are on the right.
True/False... The coefficients are always…
False
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