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Study sets matching "science physics chapter 2"

Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
40 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
particle theory
matter
chemical bond
atom
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
Anything that has mass and takes up space
a force that holds two or more atoms together
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
52 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 & 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
5 terms
physical science chapter 2
atom
molecule
element
physical change
smallest substance
a group of different types of atoms
a group of the same type of atoms
a change in substance that can usually changed back
atom
smallest substance
molecule
a group of different types of atoms
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
properties
mass
inertia
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristics of matter
the amount of matter in an object
the resistance of an object to changes in its motion
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
properties
characteristics of matter
50 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
particle theory
atom
diffusion
Brownian motion
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
the microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to t…
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
atom
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
42 terms
Chapter 2 Physical Science
pure substance
element
atom
compound
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
pure substance
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
element
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
displacement
distance
speed
average speed
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The length of a path between two points... How far an object moves
Distance travelled per unit time... Distance/time
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
displacement
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
distance
The length of a path between two points... How far an object moves
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
Atom
Molecule
Denisty
Solid
building block of matter
the smallest particle of a substance that has the same proper…
the amount of matter per unit volume
form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Atom
building block of matter
Molecule
the smallest particle of a substance that has the same proper…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance
the smallest particle of an element
a substance that is made from two or more simpler substance a…
Pure Substance
matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substance
46 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter##
diffusion
pure substance
element
mixture
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
a substance that contains only a single element or compound
a pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
a non-chemical combination of two or more substances
diffusion
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
pure substance
a substance that contains only a single element or compound
7 terms
Physical Science -- Chapter 2
motion
displacement
speed
velocity
a change in an objects position relative to a reference point
distance and direction of an objects change in position from…
distance an object travels per unit of time
the speed and direction of a moving object
motion
a change in an objects position relative to a reference point
displacement
distance and direction of an objects change in position from…
29 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
pure substance
element
compound
mixture
a substance that contains only a single element or compound
a pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
a pure substance consisting of atoms of two or more elements…
a non-chemical combination of two or more substances
pure substance
a substance that contains only a single element or compound
element
a pure substance that contains only one kind of atom
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
particle theory
atom
diffusion
Brownian motion
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
the microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to t…
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
atom
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; a…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Motion
distance
displacement
speed
average speed
how far something has moved
distance and direction of an objects change in position
distance per unit of time
total distance divided by total time
distance
how far something has moved
displacement
distance and direction of an objects change in position
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
properties
mass
inertia
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristics of matter
the amount of matter in an object
the resistance of an object to change its motion
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
properties
characteristics of matter
27 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
motion
distance
displacement
add, subtract
when an object changes position relative to a reference point
how far an object has moved
distance and direction of an object's change of position from…
______ displacements going in the same direction, ___________…
motion
when an object changes position relative to a reference point
distance
how far an object has moved
11 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Physical Science
matter
volume
meniscus
mass
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of space occupied by an object
the curve at a liquid's surface by which one measures the vol…
a measure of the amount of matter in an object
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
volume
the amount of space occupied by an object
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
meter
gram
liter
cm cubed
SI unit for length
SI unit for mass
SI unit for volume of liquids
SI volume of a cube
meter
SI unit for length
gram
SI unit for mass
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
meter
gram
liter
cm cubed
SI unit for length
SI unit for mass
SI unit for volume of liquids
SI volume of a cube
meter
SI unit for length
gram
SI unit for mass
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
A straight-line distance covered durin…
How fast an object is moving in a part…
Acceleration occurs when an object und…
A car moving at 60 km/h comes to a sto…
speed
velocity
a speed decrease
initial speed
A straight-line distance covered durin…
speed
How fast an object is moving in a part…
velocity
13 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary - Physical Science
matter
element
atom
molecule
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
a group of atoms that are held together by chemical forces; a…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 (Trilogy)
motion
displacement
speed
speed
change in an objects position relative to a reference point
the distance and the direction of the object's change in posi…
distance an object travels per unit of time
distance/time
motion
change in an objects position relative to a reference point
displacement
the distance and the direction of the object's change in posi…
50 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
particle theory
atom
diffusion
Brownian motion
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
the microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to t…
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
atom
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
47 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
particle theory
atom
bond
anything that occupies space and has mass
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
a connection that atoms make with each other by sharing or tr…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
50 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Matter
particle theory
atom
diffusion
Brownian motion
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
the process of spreading out and mixing due to particle motion
the microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to t…
particle theory
the concept that all matter is made of exceedingly small part…
atom
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
14 terms
Physical Science chapter 2
matter
volume
meniscus
mass
something that takes up space and has mass
how much space something takes up
the curve on the the surface of a liquid
how much matter an object has
matter
something that takes up space and has mass
volume
how much space something takes up
17 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 2
Matter
Brownian Motion
Kinetic-molecular theory
pure substance
One of the fundamental concepts of creation. Anything that oc…
Microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to the c…
Concept that tiny particles in constant, random motion make u…
A substance that contains only a single element or compound.
Matter
One of the fundamental concepts of creation. Anything that oc…
Brownian Motion
Microscopic, random jostling of suspended matter due to the c…
18 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 2
Melting Point
Boiling point
Density
Reactivity
the temperature and pressure at which a solid becomes a liquid
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
Ratio of the mass of a substance to the substance
The capacity of a substance to combine chemically with anothe…
Melting Point
the temperature and pressure at which a solid becomes a liquid
Boiling point
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
atom
bond
diffusion
anything that occupies space and has mass
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
a connection that atoms make with each other by sharing or tr…
when particles go from an area of high concentration to an ar…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
atom
the basic particle of matter from which all other matter is c…
Physical Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
measurement -
estimation -
precision -
accuracy -
a way to describe objects and events with numbers.
a method used to guess the size of an object.
describes how close measurements are to each other.
the closeness of a measurement to the actual measurement value.
measurement -
a way to describe objects and events with numbers.
estimation -
a method used to guess the size of an object.
22 terms
(Glencoe) Focus On Physical Science: Chapter 2
force
contact force
noncontact force
net force
a push or a pull of an object
a force that is exerted when two objects are touching
a force that one object exerts on another when they are not t…
the combination of all forces acting on an object
force
a push or a pull of an object
contact force
a force that is exerted when two objects are touching
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
Measurement
Estimation
Precision
Accuracy
A way to describe the world with numbers.
method of making an educated guess at a measurement
A description of how close measurements are to each other.
Compares a measurement to a true value.
Measurement
A way to describe the world with numbers.
Estimation
method of making an educated guess at a measurement
32 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
weight
volume
volume of solids
volume of liquids
* a property of matter that is a measure of the gravitational…
the amount of space an object occupies
usually expressed in cubic meters (m³) or cubic centimeters (…
usually expressed in liters (L) or milliliters (mL)... see meas…
weight
* a property of matter that is a measure of the gravitational…
volume
the amount of space an object occupies
34 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 2
nanometer
Atom
nucleus
Electrons
unit used by physicists to measure the diameter of a typical…
Contains protons, electrons, and usually neutrons
Center of the atom; made of protons and neutrons
are found around the nucleus; have a negative charge
nanometer
unit used by physicists to measure the diameter of a typical…
Atom
Contains protons, electrons, and usually neutrons
12 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Chapter 2
evaporation
condensation
solvent
solute
the change of state from liquid to solid gas at the surface o…
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
a substance that dissolves other materials
a substance that is dissolved
evaporation
the change of state from liquid to solid gas at the surface o…
condensation
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
What are examples of physical properti…
What is an atom?
What is a chemical bond?
What are molecules?
Color, luster, melting/freezing (p.60)
The basic particle of an element (p.68)
A force that holds atoms together (p.63)
Groups of atoms held together by chemical bonds (p.63)
What are examples of physical properti…
Color, luster, melting/freezing (p.60)
What is an atom?
The basic particle of an element (p.68)
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
Pure Substance
Element
Atom
Compound
matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
the smallest particle of an element
a substance that is made from two or more simpler substance a…
Pure Substance
matter that always has exactly the same composition; an eleme…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
natural law
inquiry
objective
repeatable
a theory that has been tested many times without any contradi…
a process of learning that starts with asking questions and p…
describes evidence that documents only what actually happened…
describes evidence that can be the same each time anyone repe…
natural law
a theory that has been tested many times without any contradi…
inquiry
a process of learning that starts with asking questions and p…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
Pure Substance
Atom
Element
Compound
Matter that always has exactly the same composition.
Smallest particle of an element.
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
A substance that is made of two or more elements.
Pure Substance
Matter that always has exactly the same composition.
Atom
Smallest particle of an element.
34 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
nanometers
Atom
nucleus
Electrons
unit used by physicists to measure the diameter of a typical…
Contains protons, electrons, and usually neutrons
Center of the atom... Made of protons and neutrons
are found around the nucleus... have a negative charge
nanometers
unit used by physicists to measure the diameter of a typical…
Atom
Contains protons, electrons, and usually neutrons
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