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Study sets matching "science test dna"

33 terms
DNA- Science
DNA
The BASES of DNA
The structure of DNA
The number of chromosomes humans have
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
The double helix
23pairs
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
The BASES of DNA
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
6 terms
Science - DNA
DNA
Watson and Crick
Nucleus of your cells has
Diploid chromosome number
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - Chromosomes are made of DNA and they…
Scientists that stated that DNA was a spiral structure contai…
23 pairs of chromosomes that = 46
46 chromosomes.
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - Chromosomes are made of DNA and they…
Watson and Crick
Scientists that stated that DNA was a spiral structure contai…
31 terms
Science DNA
DNA
Nucleotide
Nucleotide is made of 3 things
The four Nitrogen Bases
The basic molecule of heredity which stores and passes on gen…
The repeating parts or building blocks that make up DNA
5 Carbon Sugar, Phosphate Group, Nitrogen Base
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
DNA
The basic molecule of heredity which stores and passes on gen…
Nucleotide
The repeating parts or building blocks that make up DNA
32 terms
Science DNA
Traits
Chromosomes
DNA
Nucleotides
these are inherited from parents.
contains genes for traits
is a nucleic acid, stores genetic information. Made up of sma…
has three parts: Sugar molecule which has 5 carbons in it, Ph…
Traits
these are inherited from parents.
Chromosomes
contains genes for traits
37 terms
Science DNA
DNA
Chromosomes
Cell cycle
Mitosis
Genetic material in a cell. Exp: it determines what traits we…
A visible structure that the chromatin is compacted into. Exp…
The process of a life of a cell. Exp: it happens just like a…
When a cell divides. Exp: it only happens to eukaryotic becau…
DNA
Genetic material in a cell. Exp: it determines what traits we…
Chromosomes
A visible structure that the chromatin is compacted into. Exp…
57 terms
Science DNA
The darkest human skin and hair tones…
Brown and reddish hair and freckles of…
The overall color of the skin results…
How many genes are known to influence…
Eumelanin
Pheomelanin
Melanocytes (pigment making cells) and the melanocytes activity
20 genes
The darkest human skin and hair tones…
Eumelanin
Brown and reddish hair and freckles of…
Pheomelanin
41 terms
SCIENCE - DNA
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Where is DNA housed ?
Who is DNA from?
controls everything the organism does - blueprint
DNA
in the nucleus
half from mother and half from father
DNA
controls everything the organism does - blueprint
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA
10 terms
DNA in Forensic Science
This type of DNA comes from your mothe…
identifying a person based on their un…
Which base pair always pairs with Aden…
Which base pair always pairs with Guan…
mitochondrial DNA
DNA Profiling
Thymine
Cytosine
This type of DNA comes from your mothe…
mitochondrial DNA
identifying a person based on their un…
DNA Profiling
Science DNA
1953
Genes
Nucleotides
Four bases
Janes watson and Francis Crick modeled the DNA helix (genetic…
Give instructions to build and maintain cells, must be able t…
Subunits of DNA, consist of a sugar a phosphate and a base
Adenine, guanine, thymine, cytosine
1953
Janes watson and Francis Crick modeled the DNA helix (genetic…
Genes
Give instructions to build and maintain cells, must be able t…
20 terms
DNA- Science
DNA
The BASES of DNA
The structure of DNA
The number of chromosomes humans have
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
The double helix
23 pairs
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
The BASES of DNA
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
15 terms
science DNA
the 2 things that make up chromosomes
the strands of DNA in a chromosome are…
what are the four bases that make up t…
the result of replication is
DNA and proteins
in a tightly coiled formation
adenine, cytosine, thymine, and guanine
two identical strands of DNA
the 2 things that make up chromosomes
DNA and proteins
the strands of DNA in a chromosome are…
in a tightly coiled formation
21 terms
Science DNA
DNA made out of
amino acids
what cell is unique?
1 step
is molecule-a bunch of atoms stuck together forms long spiral…
tiny chemicals inside our body called "building blocks of life"
amino acid
amno acid
DNA made out of
is molecule-a bunch of atoms stuck together forms long spiral…
amino acids
tiny chemicals inside our body called "building blocks of life"
33 terms
Science DNA
lethal
autosome
transgenic organism
gene therapy
Deadly
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Organisms that contain functional recombinant DNA from a diff…
The insertion of working copies of a gene into the cells of a…
lethal
Deadly
autosome
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
8 terms
science DNA
DNA
Chromosomes
Budding
Fission
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
A form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell g…
A splitting apart
DNA
(biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of…
Chromosomes
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
Science DNA
DNA
Proteins
DNA Replication
Transform RNA
Genetic material that carries information about an organism a…
Series of bases that certain or that creates the code for a g…
Process in which an identical DNA strands is for med for new…
(tRNA) Carries amino acids to the ribosomes and add them to t…
DNA
Genetic material that carries information about an organism a…
Proteins
Series of bases that certain or that creates the code for a g…
39 terms
DNA Science
biotechnology
extracting DNA
detergent
protease
using DNA to make stuff for us - new industry
(plant - get through cell wall by crushing it), detergent, pr…
gets through the fatty membranes
breaks down the enzymes that breaks down nucleotides
biotechnology
using DNA to make stuff for us - new industry
extracting DNA
(plant - get through cell wall by crushing it), detergent, pr…
11 terms
DNA(science)
Genes def/points
DNA Molecule def/points
Cell def/points
Chromosome def/points
~ found in every living thing... ~ past down from generations to…
~ found in nucleus of cell... ~ transfers genetic information... ~…
~ One of the fundamental structural units of life... ~ made of a…
~ is like a "package" of genes located in cells... ~ mainly comp…
Genes def/points
~ found in every living thing... ~ past down from generations to…
DNA Molecule def/points
~ found in nucleus of cell... ~ transfers genetic information... ~…
17 terms
Science-DNA
Trait
DNA
Chromosomes
Chromatids
a distinguishing characteristic or quality, especially of one…
the set of nongenetic traits, qualities, or features that cha…
any of several threadlike bodies, consisting of chromatin, th…
one of two identical chromosomal strands into which a chromos…
Trait
a distinguishing characteristic or quality, especially of one…
DNA
the set of nongenetic traits, qualities, or features that cha…
19 terms
SCIENCE DNA!!!!!!!!
Mitosis
Meiosis
Homozygous
Heterozygous
The process of when body cells and their chromosomes divide f…
The process of when gametes reproduce.
A trait with matching alleles.
A trait with 2 different alleles, one dominant gene and one r…
Mitosis
The process of when body cells and their chromosomes divide f…
Meiosis
The process of when gametes reproduce.
55 terms
Science DNA
Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen Base
Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen Base 2
What is the special shape of DNA called?
Which nucleotide part(s) make up the o…
Pentagon, circle, line
Nucleotides
Double Helix
Sugar and Phosphate
Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen Base
Pentagon, circle, line
Sugar, Phosphate, and Nitrogen Base 2
Nucleotides
93 terms
Science DNA
Chromosomes and Genes
Chromosome
Genome
Carrier
------------
The tightly packaged form of DNA
An organism's complete set of DNA.
A person that does not display the phenotype of the recessive…
Chromosomes and Genes
------------
Chromosome
The tightly packaged form of DNA
22 terms
DNA science
DNA
nucleotide
double helix
replicate
deoxribonucleic acid, the genetic material, this material det…
consists of sugar, phosphate and a base, the sub-unit of DNA
a strand of DNA that looks like a twisted ladder
when DNA makes a copy
DNA
deoxribonucleic acid, the genetic material, this material det…
nucleotide
consists of sugar, phosphate and a base, the sub-unit of DNA
13 terms
DNA SCIENCE
Adenosine Deaminize (ADA) Deficiency
Adenoviruses
Alagille Syndrome
Allele
A severe immunodeficiency disease that results from a lack of…
A group of DNA-controlling viruses that cause respiratory dis…
A rare inherited liver disorder seen in infants and young chi…
One of the variant forms of a gene at a particular locus on a…
Adenosine Deaminize (ADA) Deficiency
A severe immunodeficiency disease that results from a lack of…
Adenoviruses
A group of DNA-controlling viruses that cause respiratory dis…
27 terms
Science Dna
chromosome
Gene
DNA
Mitosis
In a eukaryotic cell and it is one of the structures in the n…
One set of instruction for an inherited trait
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all livi…
In eukaryotic cells- a process of cell dividing that forms tw…
chromosome
In a eukaryotic cell and it is one of the structures in the n…
Gene
One set of instruction for an inherited trait
DNA Science
deoxyribonucleic acid
1 m
2
double helix
real name of DNA
How long would one strand of DNA from a mammal be when unrave…
How many strands of DNA is a molecule made of?
form of DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
real name of DNA
1 m
How long would one strand of DNA from a mammal be when unrave…
10 terms
science DNA
messenger RNA
nucleus
ribosome
DNA
brings genetic code to cytoplasm for protein synthesis
where the DNA of a cell is found
organelle where protein synthesis takes place mRNA attaches t…
its production is controlled by genes in cells unzips
messenger RNA
brings genetic code to cytoplasm for protein synthesis
nucleus
where the DNA of a cell is found
8 terms
Science DNA
Asexual Reproduction
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
Chromosomes
Genes
When one cell can split into two, giving you two identical ce…
An essential molecule for life that tells our bodies how to g…
The living things that make organisms what they are. They car…
Carry the information that determines your traits, which are…
Asexual Reproduction
When one cell can split into two, giving you two identical ce…
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
An essential molecule for life that tells our bodies how to g…
14 terms
DNA Vocabulary | Science
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA (mRNA)
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
part of a nucleotide that is a carbon ring structure that con…
the shape of DNA because it's composed of two DNA strands coi…
brings instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the cytoplasm
composes the ribosomes
nitrogenous base
part of a nucleotide that is a carbon ring structure that con…
double helix
the shape of DNA because it's composed of two DNA strands coi…
16 terms
DNA (science)
Evolution
Variation
DNA
Nucleus
The process by which different kinds of living organism are b…
a change or slight difference in condition, amount, or level,…
a self-replicating material which is present in nearly all li…
a usually round part of most cells that is enclosed in a doub…
Evolution
The process by which different kinds of living organism are b…
Variation
a change or slight difference in condition, amount, or level,…
13 terms
7C Science DNA
DNA
molecule
Nucleotide
DNA bases
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
A group of atoms bonded together
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
11 terms
Science DNA
DNA
what is DNA made of?
genome
chromatin
Deoxyribonucleic acid
CHONP
all the DNA the organism has
normally the DNA is in a string mess
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
what is DNA made of?
CHONP
24 terms
science dna
transcription , RNA
translation
ribose, deoxyribose
one, two
-------- is where DNA serves as a blueprint for making ribonu…
in --------- proteins are made form the instructions on the RNA
RNA contains the sugar--------- and DNA contains the sugar---…
RNA has ------- strand and DNA has ------ strands
transcription , RNA
-------- is where DNA serves as a blueprint for making ribonu…
translation
in --------- proteins are made form the instructions on the RNA
20 terms
Science-DNA
Alleles
DNA
Genetics
Punnett Square
any several forms of a gene, usually cause by mutation.
known as Deoxyribonucleic Acid. Is what make us, us.
the genetic code of life, and makes who we are. The scientifi…
a type of grid that shows all the possible results of a genet…
Alleles
any several forms of a gene, usually cause by mutation.
DNA
known as Deoxyribonucleic Acid. Is what make us, us.
26 terms
Science (DNA)
DNA
Dr. Watson and Dr. Crick
1953
nucleotides
a molecule that carries the genetic code, instructs protein s…
discoverers of DNA
the year DNA was discovered
form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids/DNA
DNA
a molecule that carries the genetic code, instructs protein s…
Dr. Watson and Dr. Crick
discoverers of DNA
40 terms
science DNA
Punnet square
Phenotype
genotype
homozygous
Is a chart that shows all the possible combinations of allele…
an organisms phenotype is its physical appearance or visible…
an organisms genotype is its genetic makeup or allele combina…
an organism that has 2 identical alleles
Punnet square
Is a chart that shows all the possible combinations of allele…
Phenotype
an organisms phenotype is its physical appearance or visible…
19 terms
Science-DNA
DNA
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Gene
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
The nucleus contains chromosomes which these chromosomes have…
Two strands of chromatids which DNA info in them found in the…
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in…
Nucleus
The nucleus contains chromosomes which these chromosomes have…
19 terms
DNA-Life Science
DNA
Nucleotide
Deoxyribose
Sides of "ladder"
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
The building block of DNA
The sugar found in DNA
Made of alternating sugar and phosphate
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Nucleotide
The building block of DNA
DNA Science
Chapter 2
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA
Genome
...
The use of living organism of other biological system in the…
Dna in which one or more segments of genes have been insterted.
A full set of chromosomes
Chapter 2
...
Biotechnology
The use of living organism of other biological system in the…
19 terms
Science - DNA
DNA stands for
Where is it found?
Nearly every cell in the human body co…
Made up of
deoxyribonucleic acid
primarily found in the nucleus of our cells and mitochondria
the same DNA
2 sugar phosphate backbones
DNA stands for
deoxyribonucleic acid
Where is it found?
primarily found in the nucleus of our cells and mitochondria
17 terms
Science: DNA
DNA
Gene
James Watson and Francis Crick
Phosphate and sugar molecules
A long, complex molecule that make up chromosomes
A sections of DNA that controls the production of a protein f…
Two scientists that presented a model of a DNA molecule in 1953
Always alternate on the sides of the base pairs
DNA
A long, complex molecule that make up chromosomes
Gene
A sections of DNA that controls the production of a protein f…
32 terms
DNA/science
DNA
Double Helix
Nucleotide Bases
Sugar
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Structure of DNA
In a DNA strand, the rungs of the "ladder" are made of what?
Glucose
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Double Helix
Structure of DNA
13 terms
science - dna
deoxyribonucleic acid
dna
watson & crick
double helix / twisted ladder
what does dna stand for?
every cell in your body contains _______ ?
two scientists who made model of dna
what is the shape of dna?
deoxyribonucleic acid
what does dna stand for?
dna
every cell in your body contains _______ ?
14 terms
SCIENCE: DNA
DNA is the abbreviation for...
DNA molecules consist of
DNA is found
DNA's job is
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
2 very long chains or strands of nucleotides twisted around e…
in the nuclei of eukaryotic cells in chromosomes
to hold the plans or "blueprint" for a feature in cells or li…
DNA is the abbreviation for...
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
DNA molecules consist of
2 very long chains or strands of nucleotides twisted around e…
Science-DNA
What does DNA do?
Rosalind Franklin
James Watson and Francis Crick
Structure of DNA
All info needed to build, control and maintain living organisms
1915 discovered shape of DNA
Built the first model of DNA
Located in cell's nucleus, DNA like a mini ladder, two sides…
What does DNA do?
All info needed to build, control and maintain living organisms
Rosalind Franklin
1915 discovered shape of DNA
43 terms
science dna
what bases would correctly represent t…
a nucleotide consists of a
Transfer RNA carries ________ to _____…
in RNA molecules, adenine is complemen…
TATCGGTAC
sugar, phosphate group and nitrogen base
amino acid/ correct codon
uracil
what bases would correctly represent t…
TATCGGTAC
a nucleotide consists of a
sugar, phosphate group and nitrogen base
11 terms
Science DNA
What Are Genetics?
What Pair matches with T?
What pair matches with C?
Where are Nitrogen bases protected?
Study of Heredity and the info stored on DNA
A
G
At the center of the Helixes
What Are Genetics?
Study of Heredity and the info stored on DNA
What Pair matches with T?
A
10 terms
Science DNA
Genotype
Phenotype
homozygous
heterozygous
Set of alleles an individual inherits; AA, Aa, aa
physical expression of the trait; curly hair, straight hair
two alleles that are the same; AA, aa (purebred)
two alleles are different; Aa
Genotype
Set of alleles an individual inherits; AA, Aa, aa
Phenotype
physical expression of the trait; curly hair, straight hair
24 terms
Science DNA
What is a pathogen
Three common pathogens
dna
A
A virus, bacteria, fungus or parasite that infects and harms…
Virus fungus bacteria
deoxyribonucleic acid
T
What is a pathogen
A virus, bacteria, fungus or parasite that infects and harms…
Three common pathogens
Virus fungus bacteria
20 terms
Science DNA Test
What are two things that are the same…
What are the sides of the DNA "ladder"…
You counted the nitrogen bases in a pi…
How are nitrogen bases paired in a str…
Sugar and Phosphates
Phosphates and Sugars
You can't know from this information. (C always goes with G.…
A always goes with T, G always goes with C
What are two things that are the same…
Sugar and Phosphates
What are the sides of the DNA "ladder"…
Phosphates and Sugars
8 terms
Science -DNA
DNA
Sugars
Phosphates
Nitrogenous Bases
a molecule that contains coded instructions that store and pa…
One of the molecules that makes up the sides, or "handrails",…
One of the molecules that makes up the sides, or "handrails",…
One of the molecules that makes up the sides, or "handrails",…
DNA
a molecule that contains coded instructions that store and pa…
Sugars
One of the molecules that makes up the sides, or "handrails",…
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