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Study sets matching "science test"

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Study sets matching "science test"

21 terms
Science
Position
Reference point
When a position will change
Two dimensions
Objects distance in a certain direction from a reference point
A good choice for something that is easy to find
If the reference point changes
When you describe position using two directions
Position
Objects distance in a certain direction from a reference point
Reference point
A good choice for something that is easy to find
11 terms
science
simple machine
lever
pulley
inclined plane
makes work easier to do
a bar that tilts an object called a pivot or fulcrum
a wheel with a groove in its rim in which a rope is placed
a sloped, flat surface
simple machine
makes work easier to do
lever
a bar that tilts an object called a pivot or fulcrum
8 terms
Science
Atmosphere
Air pressure
Gravity
In warm dry places, ocean water turns…
The blanket of air that surrounds earth is its______.
The pushing force of air is called_____
Pulling force that keeps us on the ground.
Why is ocean water saltier in warmer areas, and less salty in…
Atmosphere
The blanket of air that surrounds earth is its______.
Air pressure
The pushing force of air is called_____
Science
Free Body Diagram
Mass
Weight
Counteract
used to show the relative magnitude and direction of all forc…
Amount of Matter in an object.
The force of gravity on an object.
Is the Force of something.
Free Body Diagram
used to show the relative magnitude and direction of all forc…
Mass
Amount of Matter in an object.
10 terms
science
digestive syatem
esophagus
stomach
pancreas
the organs that break down food so that is can be used by the…
a long, straight tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.
the sac-like, digestive organ between the esophagus and the s…
the organ that lies behind the stomach and that makes digesti…
digestive syatem
the organs that break down food so that is can be used by the…
esophagus
a long, straight tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.
9 terms
Science
Ecologists
Evidence
Trade-offs
Energy flow
Scientists who study relationships between organisms and envi…
Observations or data to support a statement, hypothesis, or p…
Potential outcome of any type of decision or action that invo…
the movement of energy through a system through producers and…
Ecologists
Scientists who study relationships between organisms and envi…
Evidence
Observations or data to support a statement, hypothesis, or p…
5 terms
Science
Magnetic field
Compass
Magnet
Magnetic pole
The area of magnetic force around a magnet
A device that has a magnetized needle that spins freely
Any material that is iron or an object that contains iron
An end of a magnet
Magnetic field
The area of magnetic force around a magnet
Compass
A device that has a magnetized needle that spins freely
20 terms
Science
genetics
genetics
heredity
Mendel
the study of heredity
What is the study of how traits are passed?
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
studied heredity using pea plants
genetics
the study of heredity
genetics
What is the study of how traits are passed?
41 terms
Science
electrical
chemical
Gravitational
Heat
The movement of electrically charged particles produces elect…
Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of molecules. This is…
Gravitational energy is the attraction between tow objects. T…
Heat energy is created in the movement of atoms. Boiling wate…
electrical
The movement of electrically charged particles produces elect…
chemical
Chemical energy is stored in the bonds of molecules. This is…
8 terms
Science
Element
Atom
Chemical property
Chemical change
The basic substances that make up all matter;... A substance tha…
A tiny particle of matter;the smallest part of an element tha…
A property that describes how the atom of one substance react…
A change the produces new substances with new physical proper…
Element
The basic substances that make up all matter;... A substance tha…
Atom
A tiny particle of matter;the smallest part of an element tha…
11 terms
Science
Nosepiece
Objective lenses
Stage
Diaphragm
Holds the objective lenses; rotates to enable changing magnif…
Used in combination with the eyepiece to provide a range of m…
Supports the slides
Wheel or lever that adjusts amount of light that passes throu…
Nosepiece
Holds the objective lenses; rotates to enable changing magnif…
Objective lenses
Used in combination with the eyepiece to provide a range of m…
Science
Observation
Infrence
Quantitative Observation
Qualitative Observation
Using your 5 senses to understand things around you, begins a…
conclusions based on observation
An observation that describes using numbers or measurements
An observation that describes using your 5 senses. It also us…
Observation
Using your 5 senses to understand things around you, begins a…
Infrence
conclusions based on observation
9 terms
science
inclined plane
simple machine
work
power
A flat surface set at an angle or an incline with no moving p…
Any of various elementary mechanisms including the lever, the…
Force x Distance
Amount of work done, or the amount of energy transferred, in…
inclined plane
A flat surface set at an angle or an incline with no moving p…
simple machine
Any of various elementary mechanisms including the lever, the…
13 terms
science
is the picture in figure 113 p. 351 sh…
the ---- in the hen and chicks plant g…
------ reproduction does not always re…
the two generations that plants go thr…
asexually
chicks
sexual
haploid and diploid
is the picture in figure 113 p. 351 sh…
asexually
the ---- in the hen and chicks plant g…
chicks
15 terms
Science
Transparent
Translucent
Opague
Transverse Wave
Able to see through
Lets some light show (a little see through)
Material that blocks light
A wave vibrating at right angles
Transparent
Able to see through
Translucent
Lets some light show (a little see through)
19 terms
Science
Bacteriophage
capsid
host cell
lysogenic cycle
A virus that infects bacteria
Outer protein coat of a virus
Living cell in which a virus can actively multiply or in whic…
a viral reproductive cycle in which the viral DNA is added to…
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
capsid
Outer protein coat of a virus
14 terms
SCIENCE
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
pigments
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process used by plant…
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Colored chemical compounds that absorb light
photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process used by plant…
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
54 terms
science
absorption
asteroids
comets
conclusion
the taking in of light, heat, and sound
large rocks found between Mars and Jupiter that orbit the sun
dirty snowballs that orbit the sun in an ellipitical orbit
Restating your hypothesis
absorption
the taking in of light, heat, and sound
asteroids
large rocks found between Mars and Jupiter that orbit the sun
32 terms
Science
Biotic
Abiotic
Symbiosis
Mutualism
A living or once living organism.
A non living organism that has never lived.
A relationship between 2 organisms that lasts over time.
A relationship between 2 organisms that lasts over time in wh…
Biotic
A living or once living organism.
Abiotic
A non living organism that has never lived.
34 terms
Science
Nucleus
Electro magnetics
Bonds
Scientific law
Proutons & neutrons are found in this part of an atom
The force that holds the nucleus of an atom together
Energy released during a chemical reaction that comes between…
A rule that describes a pattern in nature
Nucleus
Proutons & neutrons are found in this part of an atom
Electro magnetics
The force that holds the nucleus of an atom together
32 terms
science
chemical energy
calorie
thermal energy
temperture
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
The kinetic energy of a substance's atoms.... Energy in the form…
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
chemical energy
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
51 terms
science
Newton's 1st Law
Newton's 2nd Law
Newton's 3rd Law
Speed
the Law of Inertia - an object at rest will stay at rest and…
the Law of Proportionality - f=ma
the Law of Interaction - for every action there is an equal a…
a measure of how far an object moves in a certain time period
Newton's 1st Law
the Law of Inertia - an object at rest will stay at rest and…
Newton's 2nd Law
the Law of Proportionality - f=ma
55 terms
Science
8 terms
science
solar energy
humus
solar cells
ore
the energy transedformed from sunlight
a dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
the electric cells that convert the sun's energy
a mineral rich rock deposit that can be removed from earths c…
solar energy
the energy transedformed from sunlight
humus
a dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
science
solar system
planet
star
galaxy
the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in i…
A celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star.
(astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energ…
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
solar system
the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in i…
planet
A celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star.
8 terms
science
an organism that is able to form nutri…
home or environment of an animal
the turning of all or part of an organ…
two terms are used to denote a species…
Autotroph
Habitat
Tropism
Binomial Nomenclature
an organism that is able to form nutri…
Autotroph
home or environment of an animal
Habitat
9 terms
science
alveoli
breathing
bronchi
cellular respiration
microscopic sacs within the kings where gas exchange occurs
movement of air into and out of the lungs
two tubes that branch off of the trachea and lead to the lungs
chemical reactions that transform energy in food to usable en…
alveoli
microscopic sacs within the kings where gas exchange occurs
breathing
movement of air into and out of the lungs
15 terms
science
newtons 2nd law
friction
microwelds
stational friction
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction net fo…
is the force that opposes the sliding motion of 2 surfaces th…
source of friction. bumps on surfaces stick together at the p…
frictional force that prevents 2 surfaces from sliding past e…
newtons 2nd law
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction net fo…
friction
is the force that opposes the sliding motion of 2 surfaces th…
28 terms
Science
rotation
causes day and night(24Hr)
revolution
takes 365days/1 year
the spinning of earth on its axis
rotation spinning
movement of earth around the sun
revolution movement
rotation
the spinning of earth on its axis
causes day and night(24Hr)
rotation spinning
42 terms
science
Evolution
Fossils
Jean Baptiste Lamarck
artificial... selection.
the process by which organisms have... changed over time. Descen…
are the imprints or remains of... organisms that lived in the pa…
that life on Earth evolves, but by a... different mechanism than…
humans have changed other species... by selecting and breeding i…
Evolution
the process by which organisms have... changed over time. Descen…
Fossils
are the imprints or remains of... organisms that lived in the pa…
10 terms
Science
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Body
Surrounds a cell/controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Contains the cells DNA and directs the cells activities.
Packages proteins and moves things inside the cell.
Packages and sends materials out of the cell.
Cell Membrane
Surrounds a cell/controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Nucleus
Contains the cells DNA and directs the cells activities.
26 terms
Science
to grow and watch something
hold hot or cold things
precise exact measures
measure distance, height, length, widt…
Petri Dish
Tongs
Balance
Meter Stick
to grow and watch something
Petri Dish
hold hot or cold things
Tongs
8 terms
Science
Element
compound
mixture
solution
A substance that cannot be broken apart chemically into other…
A pure substance made of two or more elements that chemically…
A physical combination of two or more substances.
A mixture of two or more substances that are evenly distribut…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken apart chemically into other…
compound
A pure substance made of two or more elements that chemically…
19 terms
Science
Fermentation
Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
creates only 2 ATPs per glucose molecule... Simple Organisms, Ba…
creates 36 ATPs per glucose molecule... more complex plant & ani…
with oxygen h2o plus co2
no oxygen organic molecule plus CO2
Fermentation
creates only 2 ATPs per glucose molecule... Simple Organisms, Ba…
Respiration
creates 36 ATPs per glucose molecule... more complex plant & ani…
27 terms
science
metric system
international system units
mass
volume
is a measurement system based on number ten
the basic measurement for mass volume etc
is a measurement of the amount of matter in a object
is an amount of space an object or substance takes up
metric system
is a measurement system based on number ten
international system units
the basic measurement for mass volume etc
37 terms
Science
continental drift
seafloor spreading
ocean trenches
subduction
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
the process of new crust forming at the ocean ridges and spre…
deep trenches in the ocean floor that are much deeper than th…
when oceanic crust collides with continental crust, and the o…
continental drift
the separating of continents by drifting across the oceans
seafloor spreading
the process of new crust forming at the ocean ridges and spre…
62 terms
Science
Lab Safety
Lab Safety Symbols
science
Three Science Disciplines
http://ehstoday.com/site-files/ehstoday.com/files/uploads/201…
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-3NFzMx9clAc/Uhpg0BqeR1I/AAAAAAAAAQk…
a process to understand natural world, a process that has cer…
Physical, Earth, Life
Lab Safety
http://ehstoday.com/site-files/ehstoday.com/files/uploads/201…
Lab Safety Symbols
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-3NFzMx9clAc/Uhpg0BqeR1I/AAAAAAAAAQk…
18 terms
Science
Electromagnetic Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Transverse Wave
infrared wave
A wave that can travel through empty space or through matter…
A wave that makes the particles of a medium move back and for…
A wave in which the disturbance is perpendicular to the direc…
An electromagnetic wave with a wavelength shorter than a micr…
Electromagnetic Wave
A wave that can travel through empty space or through matter…
Longitudinal Wave
A wave that makes the particles of a medium move back and for…
14 terms
science
decomposition
photosynthesis
producers
consumers
- The breaking down of organic matter.
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
Make their own food
An organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
decomposition
- The breaking down of organic matter.
photosynthesis
Plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxi…
12 terms
Science
Science
Scientific law
Scientific theory
Observation
an organized way to learn about the natural world.
a statement describing of an observed phenomenon that always…
an explanation of some aspect of the natural world, based on…
Data gathered using the five senses.
Science
an organized way to learn about the natural world.
Scientific law
a statement describing of an observed phenomenon that always…
7 terms
Science
Science
Matter
Buoyancy
Mass
...
Is anything that takes up space and has mass
Is the upward for of water, another liquid,or air that keeps…
Is the amount of matter making up an object
Science
...
Matter
Is anything that takes up space and has mass
9 terms
science
tides
tides
tides
waves
caused by gravitational pull of the moon
the rise and fall of sea level
there are tow high and tow low tides every day
crest:the highest point... trough:the lowest point
tides
caused by gravitational pull of the moon
tides
the rise and fall of sea level
10 terms
Science
Data
Observation
Hypothesis
Inference
information you observe
information collected by using your five senses
an idea or explanation that can be tested with an investigati…
a statement that explains an observation, somehting you think…
Data
information you observe
Observation
information collected by using your five senses
27 terms
Science
Direct observation
Indirect observation
Sampling
Mark and Recapture
Counting organisms one by one
Counting by observing signs of organisms
Estimate the number of organisms in a small area and multiply…
1. Capture a group of organisms and mark them... 2. Return after…
Direct observation
Counting organisms one by one
Indirect observation
Counting by observing signs of organisms
3 terms
science
physical change
chemical change
chemical change signs
a change in shape, but not identity
A change when one or more substances change into entirely new…
change in odor/color
physical change
a change in shape, but not identity
chemical change
A change when one or more substances change into entirely new…
21 terms
Science
Ecosystem
Biome
Niche
Habitat
The community of organisms that live in a particular area, al…
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
The unique role or job of an organism in an ecosystem
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
Ecosystem
The community of organisms that live in a particular area, al…
Biome
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
21 terms
Science
Electrial
Air conditioner
Communication with people
Thermal
A lamp uses____________ energy to produce light
Does not produce light energy
A use for sound energy is to
Observation that sugar is hot water dissolved more quickly th…
Electrial
A lamp uses____________ energy to produce light
Air conditioner
Does not produce light energy
SCIENCE
Aluminum
Argon
Barium
Beryllium
Al
Ar
Ba
Be
Aluminum
Al
Argon
Ar
16 terms
science
nucleus
ER
golgi complex
ribosomes
has genetic material
process and transports proteins and makes lipids
packs and distributes material in or out the cell
makes proteins
nucleus
has genetic material
ER
process and transports proteins and makes lipids
science
plant
cell
tissue
animal
plant
cell
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