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Study sets matching "science vocab and concepts"

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Study sets matching "science vocab and concepts"

14 terms
Science Vocabulary and Concepts
inner core
outer core
lithosphere
asthenosphere
The Earth's innermost part and according to seismological stu…
Its outer boundary lies 2,890 km (1,800 mi) beneath Earth's s…
The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of crust and up…
The upper layer of the Earth's mantle below the lithosphere,…
inner core
The Earth's innermost part and according to seismological stu…
outer core
Its outer boundary lies 2,890 km (1,800 mi) beneath Earth's s…
141 terms
Science Midterm Vocabulary and Concepts
Metric System
International System of Units (SI)
Mass
Weight
A system of measurement based on the number 10
A system of units used by scientists to measure the propertie…
A measure of how much matter is in an object
The measure of the force of gravity acting on an object
Metric System
A system of measurement based on the number 10
International System of Units (SI)
A system of units used by scientists to measure the propertie…
21 terms
Science - Matter Vocabulary and concepts
matter
mass
volume
density
anything that has mass and takes up space
amount of matter something contains
the amount of space that matter takes up
the amount of matter compared to the amount of space taken up
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
amount of matter something contains
74 terms
Earth Science Concepts Vocabulary
Eons
Hadean Eon
Archean Eon
Proterozoic Eon
The largest division of time on the geological scale.
The earliest period in Earth's history (4.6 to 3.8 billion ye…
Eon extending from the time that life and oceans originated,…
The eon following the Archean and preceding the Phanerozoic.…
Eons
The largest division of time on the geological scale.
Hadean Eon
The earliest period in Earth's history (4.6 to 3.8 billion ye…
9 terms
Science vocabulary and key concepts
Active transport
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Facilitated diffusion
Movement of substances through a cell membrane using the cell…
Movement from an area of higher concentration to an area of l…
Process during which cell vesicles release their contents out…
When molecules pass through a cell membrane using transport
Active transport
Movement of substances through a cell membrane using the cell…
Diffusion
Movement from an area of higher concentration to an area of l…
12 terms
Science Vocabulary and Concepts
Inertia
Cohesion
Adhesion
Accuracy
The resistance of an object to change its state of motion. An…
The attraction of like molecules to each other. When molecule…
The attraciton of different molecules to each other. When mol…
The degree of closeness of a measurement to an objects actual…
Inertia
The resistance of an object to change its state of motion. An…
Cohesion
The attraction of like molecules to each other. When molecule…
10 terms
Science/Vocabulary & Concepts
Scientists do research
A hand lens is a tool
A microscope lets you see things that…
Most scientists use metric units to me…
to find out what other scientists have learned about a topic
that makes things look larger
with the eye alone
length or distance, mass (weight), force, volume and temperat…
Scientists do research
to find out what other scientists have learned about a topic
A hand lens is a tool
that makes things look larger
16 terms
Science vocabulary and concepts
States of matter
Solid
Liquid
Kinetic energy of matter
The different forms in which matter can exist.
A substance that has a fixed volume and shape.
A substance that has a fixed volume but not a fixed shape.
States that have all of particles that make up matter are con…
States of matter
The different forms in which matter can exist.
Solid
A substance that has a fixed volume and shape.
9 terms
Vocabulary and concepts for science
Phase
Eclipse
Describe the order of the sun, Earth a…
Describe the order of the sun, Earth a…
One of the different aparent shapes of the moon as seen from…
Partial or total blocking of one object in space by another
Sun, moon, and earth or earth,moon, and sun
Sun, moon, and earth or moon, earth, and sun
Phase
One of the different aparent shapes of the moon as seen from…
Eclipse
Partial or total blocking of one object in space by another
23 terms
Science Vocabulary and Concepts
Work
Power
Machine
Inclined Plane
When a force moves an object a distance or the transfer of en…
The rate at which work is done
A device with which you can do work in an easier or more effe…
Ramp, more distance-less force
Work
When a force moves an object a distance or the transfer of en…
Power
The rate at which work is done
9 terms
Science Vocabulary and Key Concepts
Nutrients
Calorie
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Substances in food that provide the raw materials
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Nutrients composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen that is a…
Sugar that is a magor source of energy in the body
Nutrients
Substances in food that provide the raw materials
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
14 terms
Science vocabulary and concepts
Equinox
Solstice
Axis
Rotation
Either of the two days of the year on which neither hemispher…
The two days of the year on which the sun reaches its greates…
An imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
The spinning of Earth on its axis
Equinox
Either of the two days of the year on which neither hemispher…
Solstice
The two days of the year on which the sun reaches its greates…
15 terms
Concepts in Science Vocabulary
Significant Figures
Length
Variable
Scientific Method
The digits in a measurement that are known with certainty
The straight line distance between any two points
Anything that can change in an experiment
A series of logical steps to follow in order to solve problems
Significant Figures
The digits in a measurement that are known with certainty
Length
The straight line distance between any two points
57 terms
Science Vocabulary/Concepts
Ch. 11
Vector vs. Scalar Quantity
Motion
Relative Motion
...
Vector:... Velocity m/s... • speed + directions... Displacement m... • d…
movement or action
movement in relation to a frame of reference
Ch. 11
...
Vector vs. Scalar Quantity
Vector:... Velocity m/s... • speed + directions... Displacement m... • d…
29 terms
Science Concept and Vocabulary List #1
Estuary
Watershed
Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
Wetland
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
An ecosystem where all water runoff drains into a single body…
plants which grow and complete their life cycles entirely und…
An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of water…
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
Watershed
An ecosystem where all water runoff drains into a single body…
22 terms
Science vocabulary and concepts Oct Test
pollen
Ovule
Seed
Purebred
Flowering plant sperm
Flowering plant egg
Flowering plant embryo (sperm & egg)
An individual that comes from a long line of parents with the…
pollen
Flowering plant sperm
Ovule
Flowering plant egg
37 terms
Chapter 10 Science Vocabulary and Concepts
carbon film
cast
Catastrophism
fossil
the fossilized carbon outline of an organism or part of an or…
a fossil copy of an organism made when a mold of an organism…
the theory that conditions and organisms on earth change in q…
preserved remains or evidence of ancient living things
carbon film
the fossilized carbon outline of an organism or part of an or…
cast
a fossil copy of an organism made when a mold of an organism…
76 terms
Book II Science Concepts and Vocabulary
motion
reference point
no
30 km/s
position changes relative to another object
place or object used for comparison to determine if something…
is an object in motion if it doesn't change relative to the r…
how fast does the earth move round the sun
motion
position changes relative to another object
reference point
place or object used for comparison to determine if something…
14 terms
Concepts in science chapter 3 vocabulary
Isotopes
Atomic mass unit
Average atomic mass
Metals
Any atoms having the same # of protons but different # neutrons
A quantity equal to one twelfth of the mass of carbon
The weighted average of the masses of all naturally occurring…
The elements that are good conductors of heat and electricity
Isotopes
Any atoms having the same # of protons but different # neutrons
Atomic mass unit
A quantity equal to one twelfth of the mass of carbon
32 terms
1st Quarter Vocabulary and Concepts (Science)
False
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Kilo
Return all unused chemicals to their original containers (T/F)
Changed/Manipulated (Cause) ex: The temperature affecting the…
Data Measured (Effect) ex: The temperature affecting the timi…
1,000 ,King, 10(3), k
False
Return all unused chemicals to their original containers (T/F)
Independent Variable
Changed/Manipulated (Cause) ex: The temperature affecting the…
20 terms
Science: Acids and Bases Vocabulary and Concepts
A substance that produces hydronium io…
An acid that ionizes almost completely…
A substance that produces hydroxide io…
A hydrogen ion is indicated by
Acid
strong acid
base
H+
A substance that produces hydronium io…
Acid
An acid that ionizes almost completely…
strong acid
6 terms
Science Concepts
Hypothesis
Observation
Inference
Measurement
A good guess you make before doing a science experiment.
Information we get using our five senses (sight, smell, taste…
An explanation for observations.
Inches, feet, yards, and miles.
Hypothesis
A good guess you make before doing a science experiment.
Observation
Information we get using our five senses (sight, smell, taste…
11 terms
Chapter 1 Concepts of Science Vocabulary
Scientific Method
Observations
Experiment
Measurement
a process for conducting an ongoing dialogue with our physica…
no manipulation
manipulation
summary of the results of observation in mathematical form
Scientific Method
a process for conducting an ongoing dialogue with our physica…
Observations
no manipulation
18 terms
Concepts in Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Compound
Chemical bond
Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
elements that are bonded with other elements and composed of…
attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
a transfer of electrons between metals and nonmetals
a share of electrons between nonmetals
Compound
elements that are bonded with other elements and composed of…
Chemical bond
attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
12 terms
Chapter 2 concepts of science vocabulary
work
energy
power
kinetic energy
done whenever a force is exerted over a distance (equal to th…
defined by the ability to do work
provides a measure of both the amount of work done and the ti…
energy associated with moving objects (equals mass of the mov…
work
done whenever a force is exerted over a distance (equal to th…
energy
defined by the ability to do work
12 terms
chapter 4 vocabulary concepts of science
temperature
absolute zero
specific heat capacity
heat transfer
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
the lowest possible temperature of matter, at which all molec…
the amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature o…
the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
absolute zero
the lowest possible temperature of matter, at which all molec…
17 terms
Chapter 2 concepts of science vocabulary
Mechanics
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
a branch of physics involving the study of motion and movement
distance an object travels divided by the time it takes to tr…
just like speed but includes direction
a measure of the rate of change of velocity (change in veloci…
Mechanics
a branch of physics involving the study of motion and movement
Speed
distance an object travels divided by the time it takes to tr…
21 terms
chapter 5 vocabulary concepts of science
electrical charge
electricity
static electricity
positive electrical charge
a property of matter that tells whether something has a posit…
A form of energy caused by the movement of electrons.
An accumulation of electric charge on an insulated body.
Protons; ... Cation
electrical charge
a property of matter that tells whether something has a posit…
electricity
A form of energy caused by the movement of electrons.
16 terms
Science: 15-3 Vocabulary and Concepts
Natural Selection
Adaptations
Niche
How do adaptations help an organism su…
Process in which a characteristic makes an individual better…
The behaviors and physical characteristics that allow organis…
Role of an organism in its habitat
Every organism has a variety of adaptations that are suited t…
Natural Selection
Process in which a characteristic makes an individual better…
Adaptations
The behaviors and physical characteristics that allow organis…
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
28 terms
Science Vocabulary & Key Concepts November
cell
microscope
cell theory
magnification
Form the parts of an organism and carry out all of its functi…
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
Widely accepted explanation of the relationships between cell…
Condition of things appearing larger than they are
cell
Form the parts of an organism and carry out all of its functi…
microscope
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
9 terms
Science: 15-2 Vocabulary and Concepts
Birth Rate
Death Rate
How do populations change in size?
Immigration
Number of births per 1,000 individuals for given time period
Number of deaths per 1,000 individuals for given time period
Populations can change in size when new members join the popu…
Moving into a population
Birth Rate
Number of births per 1,000 individuals for given time period
Death Rate
Number of deaths per 1,000 individuals for given time period
12 terms
Science: 15-1 Vocabulary and Concepts
Organism
Habitat
What does an organism get from its env…
Biotic Factors
Living thing
Environment that provides the things a specific organism need…
An organism gets food, water, shelter and other things it nee…
Parts of a habitat that are living & nonliving that interact…
Organism
Living thing
Habitat
Environment that provides the things a specific organism need…
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
10 terms
2.4 Science vocabulary/ concepts
chemcial reaction
reactant
product
Activation energy
process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals into…
an element or compound that that enter into a chemical reacti…
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemcial reaction
process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals into…
reactant
an element or compound that that enter into a chemical reacti…
31 terms
Science: Magnetism Vocabulary & Key Concepts
Magnets
Magnetic Field
Magnetic Force
Magnetic Pole
- an object that attracts or repels certain materials ... - ex:…
- Area that surrounds a magnet where it exerts magnetic force…
- push or pull ... - force of attraction or repulsion exerted by…
- regions where the magnet is the strongest ... - north and sout…
Magnets
- an object that attracts or repels certain materials ... - ex:…
Magnetic Field
- Area that surrounds a magnet where it exerts magnetic force…
61 terms
6th Grade Science Cumulative Vocabulary/Concepts
Science
Scientific Attitudes
Scientific inquiry
hypothesis
A way of learning about the natural world through observation…
Curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness, creativity, and skepticism
diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and…
a possible explanation for a set of observations
Science
A way of learning about the natural world through observation…
Scientific Attitudes
Curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness, creativity, and skepticism
12 terms
Concepts and challenges life science chapter 4 vocabulary
Species
Evolution
Adaptation
Mutation
Group of organisms that look alike and can reproduce among th…
Process by which species change over time
Trait that helps an organism survive in its environment
Change in a gene
Species
Group of organisms that look alike and can reproduce among th…
Evolution
Process by which species change over time
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
21 terms
Science Concepts
causes of waves
Types of Waves
relationship between the force of a wa…
the water cycle...
wind, people/objects, moon and sun (tides)...
Gamma Rays... Heat Waves... X-rays... Microwaves... Radio Waves... Infrared…
the bigger the cause, the bigger the effect. (energy affe…
is a cycle and holds a constant amount of water (never adds a…
causes of waves
wind, people/objects, moon and sun (tides)...
Types of Waves
Gamma Rays... Heat Waves... X-rays... Microwaves... Radio Waves... Infrared…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 ( Vocabulary & Key Concepts)
proton
nucleus
electron
nuetron
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a dense, positively charged mas located in the center of the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
nucleus
a dense, positively charged mas located in the center of the…
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
13 terms
Concept 5: Science Safety
Goggles
Beaker
Broken Glass
Chemical Disposal
Protects the eyes from flying objects or chemical splashes
An open cylindrical container with a pouring lip; used for mi…
never pick it up - always use a pan & brush... broken glass disp…
properly in waste beaker
Goggles
Protects the eyes from flying objects or chemical splashes
Beaker
An open cylindrical container with a pouring lip; used for mi…
18 terms
Madsen Science- Sub concept 1 and 2 Vocabulary
Rock
Smoothness
Geologist
Composition
the hard, solid material that the surface of the Earth is mad…
having a flat, even surface : not rough : not having any bump…
a scientist who studies rocks and minerals to learn more abou…
the way in which something is put together or arranged
Rock
the hard, solid material that the surface of the Earth is mad…
Smoothness
having a flat, even surface : not rough : not having any bump…
7 terms
Science Concepts
Science .....
The science is divided into three diff…
The earth four spheres are
Geosphere/lithosphere is the part of t…
is the study of the natural world.
life science, earth science, and physical science.
geosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere.
the rocks, the mountains, the metal, the ocean floor, the con…
Science .....
is the study of the natural world.
The science is divided into three diff…
life science, earth science, and physical science.
Science Concepts
oxygen
water
inner
migrate
Animals need air because it contains ________________.
Animals need ________________ to get rid of body wastes.
The need to eat and breath is an __________________ need.
Some birds _______________ to warmer climates when the cold w…
oxygen
Animals need air because it contains ________________.
water
Animals need ________________ to get rid of body wastes.
66 terms
AP Environmental Science: Prerequisite Vocabulary & Concepts
organic compound
inorganic compound
natural
synthetic
*A compound made up of carbon atoms (and, generally, hydrogen…
A compound that does not contain the element carbon or contai…
(something) that is made in nature and is not altered by huma…
(something) that is made by humans.
organic compound
*A compound made up of carbon atoms (and, generally, hydrogen…
inorganic compound
A compound that does not contain the element carbon or contai…
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
40 terms
Science: Chapter 1 Vocabulary and Key Concepts
How does the scientific process start…
How are science and technology related?
What are the three branches of natural…
Science
Sience begins with curiosity and often ends with discovery.
Science and technology are interdependent. ... Advances in one l…
Physical science, earth and space science, and life science.
Is a system of knowledge and the methods you use to find that…
How does the scientific process start…
Sience begins with curiosity and often ends with discovery.
How are science and technology related?
Science and technology are interdependent. ... Advances in one l…
8 terms
Science Lesson 2 Vocabulary and Key Concepts
Classification
Taxonomy
Binominal nomenclature
Genus
Grouping things based on similarities
Study of classification
Two part scientific name
First word in an organism's name, grouping closely related or…
Classification
Grouping things based on similarities
Taxonomy
Study of classification
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