Study sets matching "science vocab and concepts"

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Study sets matching "science vocab and concepts"

129 terms
Concepts In Science
Atomic theory
John Dalton
Protons
Atomic Number
developed and grew through a series of scientific models.
Who thought that atoms were like smooth, hard balls that coul…
Positively charged particles in an atom's nucleus are called…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom is the ____ o…
Atomic theory
developed and grew through a series of scientific models.
John Dalton
Who thought that atoms were like smooth, hard balls that coul…
36 terms
Science Vocabulary
matter
Quantitative Data
mass
Qualitative Data
anything that has mass and takes up space
Exact number data
the amount of matter in an object
Data we use our 5 senses to describe
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Quantitative Data
Exact number data
62 terms
concepts of science
critical thinking
reliable knowledge
tools of science
observational science
thinking for oneself correctly
knowledge with a high probability of being true
evidence, logical resonaning, and skepticism
investigators do not assign treatments on the subject (i.e. a…
critical thinking
thinking for oneself correctly
reliable knowledge
knowledge with a high probability of being true
concepts and processes in science
open system
closed system
dynamic system
natural systems
capable of exchanging matter, energy, or information with its…
not capable of exchanging matter, energy, or information with…
variable relations with their surroundings
ecosystem, the solar system, water cycle, and living organisms.
open system
capable of exchanging matter, energy, or information with its…
closed system
not capable of exchanging matter, energy, or information with…
10 terms
Science Concepts
When you observe
An Investigation
An investigation
A hypothesis
You notice details about things
Is a plan to find a answer to a question
Begins with a question
Is a statement that could answer a question
When you observe
You notice details about things
An Investigation
Is a plan to find a answer to a question
33 terms
Science Concepts
What do all livng things have?
What can most cells not be seen by?
What can all organisms do?
Inside an organisms body must...
One or More Cells
The naked eye
Change
Stay the same
What do all livng things have?
One or More Cells
What can most cells not be seen by?
The naked eye
Science Concepts*
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO KNOW WHETHER OR…
to determine motion for an object movi…
WHY IS AVERAGE SPEED USEFUL
WHY IS INSTANTANEOUS SPEED USEFUL
reference point is a marker of sorts that you can use to tell…
TREES, FLAGPOLES, BUILDINGS, CARS THAT ARE NOT MOVING
useful in determining how long it took to get somewhere. ex:…
useful to see how fast I'm moving at a specific point and tim…
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO KNOW WHETHER OR…
reference point is a marker of sorts that you can use to tell…
to determine motion for an object movi…
TREES, FLAGPOLES, BUILDINGS, CARS THAT ARE NOT MOVING
12 terms
Science Vocabulary
Environment
Ecosystem
Biotic
Abiotic
External surroundings
All of the living things interacting with the non-living thin…
Living
Non-living
Environment
External surroundings
Ecosystem
All of the living things interacting with the non-living thin…
14 terms
Concepts of Science
University
Critical Thinking
What is Science?
Reliable Knowledge
A community of masters and scholars.
think correctly for ones self that successfully leads to the…
science is a method of investigating nature - a way of knowin…
knowledge that has a high probability of being true because i…
University
A community of masters and scholars.
Critical Thinking
think correctly for ones self that successfully leads to the…
18 terms
Science Vocabulary
chemical reaction
product
reactant
substance
When substances change to form new substances
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
A substance that is there at the beginning of a chemical reac…
Matter that is made of only one kind of atom or molecule (for…
chemical reaction
When substances change to form new substances
product
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
National Food Science Concepts
myoglobin
oxymyoglobin
metmyoglobin
deoxymyoglobin
protein that stores oxygen in muscle cells, responsible for m…
produces red cherry color in meats
brown color in meats
purple color in meats (no oxygen)
myoglobin
protein that stores oxygen in muscle cells, responsible for m…
oxymyoglobin
produces red cherry color in meats
SCCS Physical Science: Concepts in Action- Chapter 6 Section 1 Vocabulary
A model of an atom in which each dot r…
The force that holds atoms or ions tog…
The force that holds cations and anion…
What is formed when electrons are tran…
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ionic bond
ionic bond
A model of an atom in which each dot r…
electron dot diagram
The force that holds atoms or ions tog…
chemical bond
Concepts Science
scientific method steps
what are the 2 main branches of science?
when do you use a pie chart?
when do you use a bar graph?
1. observe and ask questions... 2.infer and form a hypothesis... 3.…
1. social- individual and group behavior ... 2. natural- underst…
ideal for displaying data that are parts of a whole (%, fract…
best for comparing similar data
scientific method steps
1. observe and ask questions... 2.infer and form a hypothesis... 3.…
what are the 2 main branches of science?
1. social- individual and group behavior ... 2. natural- underst…
Science concepts (nutrient and adolescence)
Puberty
Adolescence
Nutrient
Calorie
The period during which the reproductive system matures; it b…
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending…
Compounds in food that the body requires for proper growth, m…
Unit of energy
Puberty
The period during which the reproductive system matures; it b…
Adolescence
The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending…
Science vocabulary
Consumer
Producer
Land
Preditor
Cannot make food on its own
Makes its own food
Solid ground
hunts for food
Consumer
Cannot make food on its own
Producer
Makes its own food
28 terms
Physical Science Concepts in Action Chapter 5 and 6 Vocabulary terms
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
each row in the periodic table of elements
each column on the periodic table of elements
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
each row in the periodic table of elements
concept science
January
February
March
April
enero
febrero
marzo
abril
January
enero
February
febrero
8 terms
Science Mini Concept #3
Mitochondria
Vacuole
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Cells energy is produced within organelles
Store food, water, waste, and other materials
Nucleus condenses to form double rod structures called ______…
A gel like fluid in which many different organelles are found
Mitochondria
Cells energy is produced within organelles
Vacuole
Store food, water, waste, and other materials
74 terms
Science 8 Core Concepts
List the seven (7) steps of the scient…
What is the scientific method?
What is a hypothesis?
Why is the scientific method important?
Problem... Research... Hypothesis... Experiment... Analysis... Conclusion... Co…
A series of logical steps that we use to answer scientific qu…
An explanation of an observation that can be supported/reject…
It is a logical approach to experimentation that helps scient…
List the seven (7) steps of the scient…
Problem... Research... Hypothesis... Experiment... Analysis... Conclusion... Co…
What is the scientific method?
A series of logical steps that we use to answer scientific qu…
Physical Science Concepts in Action Chapter 5 and 6 Vocabulary terms
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
each row in the periodic table of elements
each column on the periodic table of elements
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
each row in the periodic table of elements
Concepts of Science
Which of the following is a good quest…
The Scientific disciplines
an experiment is performed in which di…
the symbolic equation A= kB^3 means wh…
All of the answers are correct
all of the above are true
time
A is proportional to the cube of B
Which of the following is a good quest…
All of the answers are correct
The Scientific disciplines
all of the above are true
23 terms
Physical Science Concepts in Action: Chapter 2
pure substance
element
atom
compound
matter that has a fixed, uniform composition so that every sa…
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
the smallest particle of an element
a substance that is made from two or more simpler substances,…
pure substance
matter that has a fixed, uniform composition so that every sa…
element
a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
20 terms
6th science Intro & Core concepts
control groups
experimental groups
constant
variable
theses groups stay the same, they are the groups you compare…
group that receives changes or variables to be tested... gives u…
variables stay the same the entire experiment
A factor that can change in an experiment
control groups
theses groups stay the same, they are the groups you compare…
experimental groups
group that receives changes or variables to be tested... gives u…
7 terms
Science Mini Concepts
Unicellular
Multicellular
Living
Nonliving
Made of only one cell
Made of more than 1 cell
Has the 6 characteristics of life
Doesn't have the 6 characteristics of life
Unicellular
Made of only one cell
Multicellular
Made of more than 1 cell
22 terms
Science Concepts
what is an atom
What are the 4 parts of daltons atomic…
Dalton
Thompson
the basic particle in which all elements are made- particles…
- All elements are composed of atoms that cannot be divided…
Inferred that atoms had certain characteristics
Found that atoms contained negatively charged particles
what is an atom
the basic particle in which all elements are made- particles…
What are the 4 parts of daltons atomic…
- All elements are composed of atoms that cannot be divided…
36 terms
Concept and vocabulary
estuary
watershed
submerged aquatic vegetation
wetland
An estuary is a large body of water that opens to an ocean, w…
All the land that drains water into the Bay is the estuary's.
Coastal forests, marshlands, shore grasses, and submerged aqu…
and consisting of marshes or swamps; saturated land.
estuary
An estuary is a large body of water that opens to an ocean, w…
watershed
All the land that drains water into the Bay is the estuary's.
8 terms
Science Concepts
What evidence supports the hypothesis…
What three types of evidence provide s…
Continental and Continental Convergent…
Compare and contrast a rift valley and…
Land features, fossils, and climate change support evidence f…
Molten material, magnetic stripes, and drilled samples provid…
Subduction does not take place, neither piece is dense enough…
They both form at divergent plate boundaries. A rift valley i…
What evidence supports the hypothesis…
Land features, fossils, and climate change support evidence f…
What three types of evidence provide s…
Molten material, magnetic stripes, and drilled samples provid…
37 terms
Science concepts
Frame of reference
Speed
Average speed
Constant velocity
the position from which you are viewing an object's motion
the amount of distance an object covers in a certain amount o…
total distance traveled/ time interval
You must maintain the same speed and direction. It changes if…
Frame of reference
the position from which you are viewing an object's motion
Speed
the amount of distance an object covers in a certain amount o…
Science - Universe Vocab / Concepts
Albert Einstein
Big Bang
Dark Matter
Edwin Hubble
A Scientist. He equations suggested that universe is growing…
the theory that all that exists started with one small point…
makes up 85 percent of mass in universe - we cannot see it an…
used "red shift" to discover, in 1920's, that universe is exp…
Albert Einstein
A Scientist. He equations suggested that universe is growing…
Big Bang
the theory that all that exists started with one small point…
science vocab and concepts #2
sphere
axis
rotation
elipse
a round 3-d object
the imaginary line that runs throught the center of the earth
the spinning of earth on its axis
an elongated closed curve that describes earths orbit around…
sphere
a round 3-d object
axis
the imaginary line that runs throught the center of the earth
Science concepts
Explain why it is generally warmer nea…
Explain how day and night occur
During a total lunar eclipse the moon…
Why are you less likely to see a solar…
Near the equator sunlight does not spread very far. Near the…
Earth's rotation causes day and night.
umbra
you have to be exactly in the umbra to see the solar eclipse.
Explain why it is generally warmer nea…
Near the equator sunlight does not spread very far. Near the…
Explain how day and night occur
Earth's rotation causes day and night.
26 terms
Computer Science Concepts
Variable
Type
Value
Communication
A place where we store data. It needs a name, a type, and a v…
The sort of variable we are using
The actual data we are storing in the variable
One of the three basic types of computer statements. Communic…
Variable
A place where we store data. It needs a name, a type, and a v…
Type
The sort of variable we are using
Science - Waves Vocab / Concepts
Wave
Wavelength
Crest
Trough
a disturbance that carries energy through matter or space
the distance from one crest to the next crest of a wave
the highest point of a wave
the lowest point of a wave
Wave
a disturbance that carries energy through matter or space
Wavelength
the distance from one crest to the next crest of a wave
27 terms
Honors Physical Science: Chapter 21 Vocabulary & Key Concepts
Magnetic Force
Magnetic Pole
Magnetic Field
Magntosphere
The force a magnet exerts on another magnet, on iron or a sim…
Regions where the magnet's force is strongest .
Surrounds a magnet and can exert magnetic forces
The area surrounding Earth
Magnetic Force
The force a magnet exerts on another magnet, on iron or a sim…
Magnetic Pole
Regions where the magnet's force is strongest .
48 terms
Key Concept Notes / Chapter 2 / Mr. Johnson / Science Chapter Vocabulary
The material through which a wave trav…
_____, _______, and ______ can all be…
Waves that require a medium through wh…
The basic properties of waves are ____…
Medium
Gases, liquids, and solids
Mechanical
Amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and speed
The material through which a wave trav…
Medium
_____, _______, and ______ can all be…
Gases, liquids, and solids
28 terms
Science Concepts
which demonstration involved the forma…
What elements form the "back-bone" of…
What elements get "kicked out" as the…
Which 3 demonstrations involved solubi…
David
carbon and nitrogen covalent bonds
hydrogen and chloride
Ethan, Sara, Emily
which demonstration involved the forma…
David
What elements form the "back-bone" of…
carbon and nitrogen covalent bonds
Physical Science Concepts in Action: Energy
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
the ability to do work
the energy of motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an object's height
Energy
the ability to do work
Kinetic Energy
the energy of motion
30 terms
Earth Science Concepts
Geological Time
Relative Dating
Sediment
Geological Plate
The organization of Earth's history into eras, periods, and e…
dating an unknown sample to a certain time period when compar…
any solid material (rock or organic) that settles out from a…
a layer of rock that drifts slowly over the supporting, upper…
Geological Time
The organization of Earth's history into eras, periods, and e…
Relative Dating
dating an unknown sample to a certain time period when compar…
21 terms
science concepts
Solvent
Neutral solution
Polar molecule
Base
the substance used to dissolve the solute is _____.
a _____ is one that is neither acidic nor basic
a molecule with a slightly negative end and a slightly positi…
a ____ is a substance that produces hydroxide ions when disso…
Solvent
the substance used to dissolve the solute is _____.
Neutral solution
a _____ is one that is neither acidic nor basic
8 terms
Science Mini Concepts #2
Spontaneous Generation
Electron Microscope
Compound Microscope
Cell Theroy
Uses a beam of electrons instead of light to produce a magnif…
Uses light to produce a magnified image
Says all living things are composed of cell
Spontaneous Generation
Electron Microscope
Uses a beam of electrons instead of light to produce a magnif…
28 terms
Physical Science Concepts in Action Chapter 5 and 6 Vocabulary terms
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
each row in the periodic table of elements
each column on the periodic table of elements
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
each row in the periodic table of elements
28 terms
Physical Science Concepts in Action Chapter 5 and 6 Vocabulary terms
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
each row in the periodic table of elements
each column on the periodic table of elements
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
each row in the periodic table of elements
24 terms
Science Key Concepts
absolute magnitude
apparent magnitude
big bang theory
black hole
a measure of the amount of light a star gives off
a measure of the amount of light earth receives
a theory in astronomy:the universe originated billions of yea…
a region of space having a gravitational field so intense tha…
absolute magnitude
a measure of the amount of light a star gives off
apparent magnitude
a measure of the amount of light earth receives
Science - Electricity Vocab / Concepts
Electricity
Static Electricity
Electric current
Ampere or Amp
flow of electrons
build up of electrical charge
movement of electrons from one place to another
the unit used to measure current
Electricity
flow of electrons
Static Electricity
build up of electrical charge
8 terms
Science Vocabulary
data
predict
describe
record
information
what you think will happen
saying or drawing what you see, hear, touch, taste or smell
to write or draw
data
information
predict
what you think will happen
Science Concepts
What is anthropogenic change/ example
Identify 3 or 4 greenhouse gases
Why are greenhouse gases necessary to…
Describe how human activities have cha…
Anthropogenic climate change refers to the production of gree…
carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor trap energy from the…
Greenhouse gases are necessary to life on Earth; without them…
The biggest anthropogenic cause of global warming and climate…
What is anthropogenic change/ example
Anthropogenic climate change refers to the production of gree…
Identify 3 or 4 greenhouse gases
carbon dioxide, methane, and water vapor trap energy from the…
40 terms
Science Vocabulary
Control / Constant Variables
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Accuracy
what is not changed in the experiment
variable that is manipulated or controlled by the experimente…
variable that responds to the changes in the variable being c…
compares a measurement to the true value
Control / Constant Variables
what is not changed in the experiment
Independent Variable
variable that is manipulated or controlled by the experimente…
20 terms
Science Chapter 1 Section 1 Vocabulary & Key Concepts
Organisms
All living things have...
Cells
Unicellular Organisms
Living things
-A cellular organization... -Contain similar chemicals... -Use ener…
Small building blocks
Single-celled organisms
Organisms
Living things
All living things have...
-A cellular organization... -Contain similar chemicals... -Use ener…
Computer Science Concepts
program
memory
memory address
pointer
A set of instructions for the computer.
Holds data for the computer to process, and holds the result…
A number that is assigned to each byte in a computer s memory…
A programming language object whose value refers directly to…
program
A set of instructions for the computer.
memory
Holds data for the computer to process, and holds the result…
Concepts of Science Chapter 16
According to the nebular hypothesis, t…
Which scientist is credited with the d…
If only Newton's laws of motion were a…
What two elements comprise most of a n…
A cloud of dust and gas
Clyde Tombaugh
Venus's orbit could be the reverse of Earth's orbit.... Earth's…
Hydrogen and Helium
According to the nebular hypothesis, t…
A cloud of dust and gas
Which scientist is credited with the d…
Clyde Tombaugh
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