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Study sets matching "science vocab astronomy earth"

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Study sets matching "science vocab astronomy earth"

11 terms
Earth science. ASTRONOMY
Rotation
Revolution
Tilt
Rotation evidence
Earth spins on its axis causing day and nignt
Earth travels around the sun causing seasons
Always from right to left
Coriolis affect
Rotation
Earth spins on its axis causing day and nignt
Revolution
Earth travels around the sun causing seasons
11 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Comet
Asteroid
Planet
Star
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and m…
A large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
A ball of hot gas, primarily hydrogen and helium, that underg…
Comet
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
Asteroid
any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and m…
28 terms
Earth Science -- Astronomy
aphelion
autumnal equinox
barycenter
cause of the seasons
the place in the earth's orbit where earth is farthest away f…
occurs on or about september 22, when all parts of the earth…
the common center of mass around which two or more bodies rev…
the earth's axis is tilted 23.5 degrees
aphelion
the place in the earth's orbit where earth is farthest away f…
autumnal equinox
occurs on or about september 22, when all parts of the earth…
11 terms
Earth Science and Astronomy
turnover
succession
epilimnier
hypolimnion
mixing of levels from the pond water
a geological event such as a glacier or sink hole
surface lake is the top-most layer in a thermally stratisfied…
under lake is the dense, , bottom layer of water in a thermal…
turnover
mixing of levels from the pond water
succession
a geological event such as a glacier or sink hole
146 terms
Astronomy (Physical Earth Science)
albedo
Ejecta
Highland
Impact crater
Amount of sunlight that is reflected by the surface of a plan…
Material that falls back to the lunar surface after being bla…
Light colored, mountainous, heavily cratered areas of the moo…
Moon crater formed when space material is impact on the lunar…
albedo
Amount of sunlight that is reflected by the surface of a plan…
Ejecta
Material that falls back to the lunar surface after being bla…
18 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
Asteroid
Comet
Meteroid
Meteor
a small rocky body orbiting the Sun
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust, a…
a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space
a streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
Asteroid
a small rocky body orbiting the Sun
Comet
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust, a…
15 terms
Astronomy Vocab - Earth Science
optical telescopes
refracting telescope
objective lens
axis of rotation
use light to produce magnified images
A telescope that uses a set of lenses to gather and focus lig…
Magnifies the specimen
the center around which something rotates
optical telescopes
use light to produce magnified images
refracting telescope
A telescope that uses a set of lenses to gather and focus lig…
19 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy
Terrestrial Planets
Jovian Planets
Density
Asteroid Belt
The inner most planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. Plan…
The outer most planets, Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune. Gaseous…
How tightly packed the matter in a substance is.
The region of the solar system between the orbits of Mars and…
Terrestrial Planets
The inner most planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. Plan…
Jovian Planets
The outer most planets, Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune. Gaseous…
18 terms
Earth Science- Astronomy Vocab
aphelion
barycenter
big bang theory
electromagnetic spectrum
the place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthe…
The center of mass of two or more bodies orbiting around each…
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
aphelion
the place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthe…
barycenter
The center of mass of two or more bodies orbiting around each…
35 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy
Astronomy
Galaxy
Solar System
Local Group
Study of the universe
A group of millions, or even billions, of stars held together…
The sun and its family of orbiting planets, moons, and solar…
...
Astronomy
Study of the universe
Galaxy
A group of millions, or even billions, of stars held together…
38 terms
Earth science astronomy
Light year
The big bang
Evidence of the big bang
Universe
The distance light travels in one year
The universe is 13.7 billion years old, the earth is 4.6 bill…
#1 background radiation: and energy echo from the Big Bang... #2…
Is everything that exists
Light year
The distance light travels in one year
The big bang
The universe is 13.7 billion years old, the earth is 4.6 bill…
18 terms
Earth Science MSL Review - Astronomy
Astronomy
Galaxy
Solar System
Heliocentric
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Astronomy
The study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
Galaxy
large group of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity;…
8 terms
Scientists of astronomy earth science
Newton
Nazca
Copernicus
Stonehenge
Credited with concept of gravity
Designed geoglyphs
First to promote heliocentric universe
Oldest astronomical object in the universe
Newton
Credited with concept of gravity
Nazca
Designed geoglyphs
6 terms
earth science astronomy review
technology and tools that explore space
people who explore space
____________ is the science that studi…
observations of space
telescope, rockets, probes, satellites, mars rover, radio sig…
neil armstrong and buzz aldrin
astronomy
- much of our information about our galaxy and the universe c…
technology and tools that explore space
telescope, rockets, probes, satellites, mars rover, radio sig…
people who explore space
neil armstrong and buzz aldrin
57 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Astronomy
First country to launch a satellite in…
What was the Satellite called and when…
What was the Cold War
The study of celestial objects beyond our atmosphere
Soviet Union
Sputnik, October 4, 1957
The great space race
Astronomy
The study of celestial objects beyond our atmosphere
First country to launch a satellite in…
Soviet Union
10 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Celestial
Terrestrial
Lunar
Solar
Relatin to objects in the universe outside of the Earths atmo…
Relating to objects that are part of the earth (ie.rocks, clo…
Relating to the moon
Relating to the sun
Celestial
Relatin to objects in the universe outside of the Earths atmo…
Terrestrial
Relating to objects that are part of the earth (ie.rocks, clo…
19 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
Heliocentric model
Terrestrial planets
Jovian planets
Ellipse
Sun centered solar system.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Closed curved path around 2 foci
Heliocentric model
Sun centered solar system.
Terrestrial planets
Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.
11 terms
Earth science astronomy voacb
Insulation
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Exposure to the sun
Heat transfer by movement or touch
Heat transfer by movement of a fluid
Heat transfer by moving electromagnetic waves or subatomic al…
Insulation
Exposure to the sun
Conduction
Heat transfer by movement or touch
11 terms
Earth Science - Intro to Astronomy
Gravity
Star
Orbit
Solar System
force that attracts a body to center of earth or to another p…
fixed luminous point in night sky thats a large, remote incan…
curved path of celestial object or spacecraft around a star,…
collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit around s…
Gravity
force that attracts a body to center of earth or to another p…
Star
fixed luminous point in night sky thats a large, remote incan…
17 terms
Earth science Astronomy
Equinox
Lunar eclipse
Rotation
New moon
Is when the sun reaches directly above the earths equator.
When the earth cast a shadow on the moon
What cause night/day
When the dark side of the moon is facing the earth
Equinox
Is when the sun reaches directly above the earths equator.
Lunar eclipse
When the earth cast a shadow on the moon
35 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Test
rotation
15 degrees
rotation evidence
revolution evidence
daily
per hour (rotation)
pendulum/coriolis
difference constellations during different months/seasonal ch…
rotation
daily
15 degrees
per hour (rotation)
65 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
astronomy
astrology
geocentric
heliocentric
the science that studies the universe
study of how the positions of stars and movements of the plan…
the idea that the earth is a sphere and stays motionless at t…
the idea that earth and other planets orbit the sun
astronomy
the science that studies the universe
astrology
study of how the positions of stars and movements of the plan…
15 terms
Earth Science- Astronomy
ellipse
foci
eccentricity
gravity
elongated circular path that the Earth and all planets move a…
the centers of an ellipse
the amount of deviation from circularity
a mutually attractive force between any two bodies, as betwee…
ellipse
elongated circular path that the Earth and all planets move a…
foci
the centers of an ellipse
20 terms
Astronomy- Earth Science
Asteroid
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Astronomy
...
...
...
...
Asteroid
...
Asteroid Belt
...
24 terms
Astronomy Earth Science Vocab
Revolution
Eccentricity
Satalite
Moons
movement around the sun
the degree of ovalness of an ellipse
an object that orbits or Revolves around... another object.
body that orbits a planet or asteroid.
Revolution
movement around the sun
Eccentricity
the degree of ovalness of an ellipse
20 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
Asteroid
Comet
Ellipse
Month
a small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most asteroids are…
a small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
a closed curve in which the sum of the distances from any poi…
a division of the year that is based on the orbit of the moon…
Asteroid
a small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most asteroids are…
Comet
a small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
18 terms
earth science astronomy
celestial object
arc
rotation
Revolution
Objects such as planets, moons, and stars that... are located in…
the apparent path described above and below the horizon by a…
The spinning of Earth on its axis. This causes daytime and ni…
The complete trip that Earth makes around the Sun. This takes…
celestial object
Objects such as planets, moons, and stars that... are located in…
arc
the apparent path described above and below the horizon by a…
35 terms
Earth science astronomy chapter
Supernova
Geocentric
Celestial sphere
Aristotle
And exploding star that increases in brightness many thousand…
The idea that the earth was the center of the univers
An imaginary hollow sphere upon which the ancients believed t…
Greek philosopher that included earth is spiracle because it…
Supernova
And exploding star that increases in brightness many thousand…
Geocentric
The idea that the earth was the center of the univers
15 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy
Craters
Rille
Maria
Highland
Depressions in the moon's surface
A distinctive feature in maria bedrock
The first observers to look at the moon with telescopes thoug…
It's lighter and brighter than maria
Craters
Depressions in the moon's surface
Rille
A distinctive feature in maria bedrock
14 terms
earth science astronomy
satellite
asteroid
Comets
Meteoroids
an object that orbits another
solid body that orbits the sun, irregular shape, no atmospher…
ices of substances such as water and methane mixed with rocky…
very small fragments that obit the sun.... very tiny.... leave a st…
satellite
an object that orbits another
asteroid
solid body that orbits the sun, irregular shape, no atmospher…
29 terms
Earth science astronomy vocab
Eccentricity formula
Large numbers represent
Smaller numbers represebt
The more eccentric the more
Distance between focu divided my length of major axis
More eccentric
Less eccentric
Oval / flat
Eccentricity formula
Distance between focu divided my length of major axis
Large numbers represent
More eccentric
11 terms
Earth science astronomy
Explain how uniform CMBR is evidence f…
Absorption lines
Edwin Hubble
Doppler effect
As the universe expands it cools and now microwave radiation…
These gaps correspond to the wave lengths absorbed by a gas,…
Investigated many space things
Change in the perceived frequency of a sound wave when there…
Explain how uniform CMBR is evidence f…
As the universe expands it cools and now microwave radiation…
Absorption lines
These gaps correspond to the wave lengths absorbed by a gas,…
48 terms
Astronomy - Earth Science
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Wavelength
Spectrum
The stretching of light emitted by an object receding from us.
...
...
...
Red Shift
The stretching of light emitted by an object receding from us.
Blue Shift
...
37 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
Kepler's 1st Law of Planetary Motion
Kepler's 2nd Law of Planetary Motion
Kepler's 3rd Law of Planetary Motion
Circle
...
...
...
...
Kepler's 1st Law of Planetary Motion
...
Kepler's 2nd Law of Planetary Motion
...
24 terms
earth science astronomy
precession
astrology
astronomy
greeks
the movement of an object through space
a superstition that originated in Babylonian religion roughly…
science of studying and observing the universe and all its ph…
first to try and study astronomy and try to understand the un…
precession
the movement of an object through space
astrology
a superstition that originated in Babylonian religion roughly…
Earth science astronomy
Astronomy
Galaxy
Solar system
Local group
Study of the universe
Group of millions and trillions of stars held by gravity
Sun and it's family orbiting planets, moons, and solar system…
Local group of stars and galaxies
Astronomy
Study of the universe
Galaxy
Group of millions and trillions of stars held by gravity
17 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
celestial objects
celestial sphere
arc
azimuth
things seen in the sky that are seen outside Earth´s atmosphe…
imaginary sphere of Earth
portion of circular path
compass direction specified to an angle
celestial objects
things seen in the sky that are seen outside Earth´s atmosphe…
celestial sphere
imaginary sphere of Earth
27 terms
earth science astronomy
billions of stars in the same region a…
order from oldest to youngest
why does a star differ from a planet
the suns energy is most likely the res…
galaxies
universe, milky way, solar system
its self-luminos
fusion of hydrogen atoms
billions of stars in the same region a…
galaxies
order from oldest to youngest
universe, milky way, solar system
28 terms
Earth Science Astronomy 2
Geocentric
Heliocentric
celestial sphere
Horizon
Explained revolution of the moon, night and day, could not ea…
Easily explained motions of planets, accounted for night and…
An imaginary sphere encircling the Earth that celestial objec…
The line where the celestial sphere meets the Earth
Geocentric
Explained revolution of the moon, night and day, could not ea…
Heliocentric
Easily explained motions of planets, accounted for night and…
14 terms
earth science; astronomy
Solar System
planets
dwarf planets
nebula
The Sun and all the objects that are held by the Sun's gravity
must orbit a star, be big enough that its own gravity causes…
similar to a planet, but they do not clear the area of their…
a big cloud of gas and dust
Solar System
The Sun and all the objects that are held by the Sun's gravity
planets
must orbit a star, be big enough that its own gravity causes…
17 terms
Earth Science Honors Astronomy
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Control
Corona
Thing you have Control over
What is being measured
What normally happens
Top layer of the Suns atmosphere, extends several million kil…
Independent Variable
Thing you have Control over
Dependent Variable
What is being measured
28 terms
MIDTERMS EARTH SCIENCE Astronomy
Geocentric model
Retrograde motion
Heliocentric model
Aphelion
Earth centered universe.
Palnets moving backwards
Sun centered universe
Farthest
Geocentric model
Earth centered universe.
Retrograde motion
Palnets moving backwards
18 terms
Earth Science Astronomy 2
Summer Solstice
Winter solstice
Vernal equinox
Autumnal equino
The point on our orbit (around June 21st) the northern hemisp…
The point in our orbit (around December 21st) where the north…
The point in our orbit when the sun is hitting the hemisphere…
The point in our orbit when the sun is hitting the hemisphere…
Summer Solstice
The point on our orbit (around June 21st) the northern hemisp…
Winter solstice
The point in our orbit (around December 21st) where the north…
23 terms
Astronomy Earth Science Vocab
Altitude
asteroid
celestial objects
comet
the angle of a of a celestial object above the horizon; usual…
a solid, rocky and/ or metallic body that independently orbit…
any object in the universe outside of earths atmosphere, incl…
a low density object composed of materials (ices) that easily…
Altitude
the angle of a of a celestial object above the horizon; usual…
asteroid
a solid, rocky and/ or metallic body that independently orbit…
12 terms
Astronomy Vocab Earth Science
Revolution
Astronomy
Rotation
Precession
Movement of an object around another object
Study of moons, stars, and other objects in space
The spinning motion around an axis
The Earth wobbling on its axis
Revolution
Movement of an object around another object
Astronomy
Study of moons, stars, and other objects in space
22 terms
Astronomy Review: Earth Science 2016
What are the three types of galaxies?
What layer of the sun gives off the li…
The outermost layer of the sun that is…
List the astronomical discoveries Gali…
Irregular, elliptical, spiral
photosphere
corona
four moons of jupiter, moon is cratered, saturn has rings, ve…
What are the three types of galaxies?
Irregular, elliptical, spiral
What layer of the sun gives off the li…
photosphere
58 terms
Earth Science 2015: Astronomy
Age of the Universe
Apparent magnitude
Are the seasons the same all over the…
Asteroid
approximately 13.8 billion years
a measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
no because the earth is tilted ... ->one side of the hemisphere…
a small, rocky object that orbits the Sun
Age of the Universe
approximately 13.8 billion years
Apparent magnitude
a measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
18 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Elliptic
Zenith
Circumpolar
Azimuth
The path the Sun, Moon, and planets follow in the sky. Repres…
An imaginary reference point directly above your head. 90 deg…
Constellations which are visible all year long. Ursa Major an…
Mathematical representation of a compass heading. Used to dis…
Elliptic
The path the Sun, Moon, and planets follow in the sky. Repres…
Zenith
An imaginary reference point directly above your head. 90 deg…
21 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy Vocab
Stellar nebula
Protostar
Main sequence star
Red giant
A large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on…
A hot condensed objects at the center of a nebula that will b…
The longest stage in a stars life in which it is undergoing f…
A very large, expanded bright star whose core has used up mos…
Stellar nebula
A large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on…
Protostar
A hot condensed objects at the center of a nebula that will b…
55 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
bodies that make up our solar system
what caused the beginning of the unive…
cosmic background radiation
information that supports the universe…
comets, meteors, sun, planets, moons
fusion reaction, cloud collapsing on itself creating gravity
provides evidence for the origin of the universe
measurements of cosmic background radiation
bodies that make up our solar system
comets, meteors, sun, planets, moons
what caused the beginning of the unive…
fusion reaction, cloud collapsing on itself creating gravity
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