Study sets matching "science vocab astronomy earth"

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Study sets matching "science vocab astronomy earth"

Earth Science: Astronomy
Planetesimal
Retrograde Motion
Ellipse
Astronomical Unit
Space objects built of solid particles that can form planets…
A planet's apparent backward motion in the sky
An oval that is centered on two points called foci; the shape…
The average distance between the Sun and Earth, 149,600,000km
Planetesimal
Space objects built of solid particles that can form planets…
Retrograde Motion
A planet's apparent backward motion in the sky
20 terms
Astronomy- Earth Science
Asteroid
Asteroid Belt
Astronomical Unit
Astronomy
...
...
...
...
Asteroid
...
Asteroid Belt
...
Earth Science: Astronomy
Celestial objects
Arc
Polaris
Constellation
Objects observed in the sky during day or night.
The circle of celestial objects' apparent motion around the e…
The star very near to the center of the arcs of stars.
A group of stars that makes an identifiable pattern in the sky.
Celestial objects
Objects observed in the sky during day or night.
Arc
The circle of celestial objects' apparent motion around the e…
11 terms
Earth science astronomy
Explain how uniform CMBR is evidence f…
Absorption lines
Edwin Hubble
Doppler effect
As the universe expands it cools and now microwave radiation…
These gaps correspond to the wave lengths absorbed by a gas,…
Investigated many space things
Change in the perceived frequency of a sound wave when there…
Explain how uniform CMBR is evidence f…
As the universe expands it cools and now microwave radiation…
Absorption lines
These gaps correspond to the wave lengths absorbed by a gas,…
Earth Science - Astronomy
Asteroid
Comet
Ellipse
Month
a small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most asteroids are…
a small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
a closed curve in which the sum of the distances from any poi…
a division of the year that is based on the orbit of the moon…
Asteroid
a small, rocky object that orbits the sun; most asteroids are…
Comet
a small body of ice, rock, and cosmic dust that follows an el…
Earth science: astronomy
Doppler effect
Solar system
Galaxy
Meteor
An appparent change in wavelength caused by a change in dista…
Made up of star and all the objects that revolve around it
A large grouping of stars
Also called a shooting star
Doppler effect
An appparent change in wavelength caused by a change in dista…
Solar system
Made up of star and all the objects that revolve around it
45 terms
Astronomy Unit Test- Earth Science
tides
heliocentric
apparent diameter
March 21 Sun Path
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced b…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
The Sun looks bigger than other stars because it is closer
rises due east, sets due west, peaks at 40-50 degrees in NYS
tides
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced b…
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Astronomy
astrology
geocentric
heliocentric
study of the universe
to study planet positions, motions, and properties affect peo…
the moon, the sun, and the known planets- Mercury, Venus, Mar…
Earth and the other planets orbit the sun
Astronomy
study of the universe
astrology
to study planet positions, motions, and properties affect peo…
7 terms
earth science astronomy
topography
elavation
relief
landform
study of earths surface
height above sea level
difference between highest and lowest elavation
a feauture of earths surface created by some earth changing p…
topography
study of earths surface
elavation
height above sea level
Earth science; Astronomy
the Doppler effect
circles eccentricity
ovals eccentricity
90% of all stars are...
predicts the light from a source (lines)
closest to zero
closest to one
main sequence
the Doppler effect
predicts the light from a source (lines)
circles eccentricity
closest to zero
48 terms
Astronomy - Earth Science
Red Shift
Blue Shift
Wavelength
Spectrum
The stretching of light emitted by an object receding from us.
...
...
...
Red Shift
The stretching of light emitted by an object receding from us.
Blue Shift
...
37 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
Kepler's 1st Law of Planetary Motion
Kepler's 2nd Law of Planetary Motion
Kepler's 3rd Law of Planetary Motion
Circle
...
...
...
...
Kepler's 1st Law of Planetary Motion
...
Kepler's 2nd Law of Planetary Motion
...
24 terms
earth science astronomy
precession
astrology
astronomy
greeks
the movement of an object through space
a superstition that originated in Babylonian religion roughly…
science of studying and observing the universe and all its ph…
first to try and study astronomy and try to understand the un…
precession
the movement of an object through space
astrology
a superstition that originated in Babylonian religion roughly…
12 terms
Astronomy Vocab Earth Science
Revolution
Astronomy
Rotation
Precession
Movement of an object around another object
Study of moons, stars, and other objects in space
The spinning motion around an axis
The Earth wobbling on its axis
Revolution
Movement of an object around another object
Astronomy
Study of moons, stars, and other objects in space
Earth science astronomy
Astronomy
Galaxy
Solar system
Local group
Study of the universe
Group of millions and trillions of stars held by gravity
Sun and it's family orbiting planets, moons, and solar system…
Local group of stars and galaxies
Astronomy
Study of the universe
Galaxy
Group of millions and trillions of stars held by gravity
17 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
celestial objects
celestial sphere
arc
azimuth
things seen in the sky that are seen outside Earth´s atmosphe…
imaginary sphere of Earth
portion of circular path
compass direction specified to an angle
celestial objects
things seen in the sky that are seen outside Earth´s atmosphe…
celestial sphere
imaginary sphere of Earth
25 terms
Earth science astronomy vocab
Celestial object
Universe
Big Bang theory
Doppler effect
Any object outside or above earth's atmosphere
Everything that exists in any place-all the space, matter, an…
All matter and energy started out concentrated in a small are…
Shifting of wave lengths
Celestial object
Any object outside or above earth's atmosphere
Universe
Everything that exists in any place-all the space, matter, an…
28 terms
astronomy
galaxy
wavelength
Leo
milky way
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
a zodiacal constellation in northern hemisphere between Cance…
The name of our galaxy, a spiral galaxy that contains about 4…
galaxy
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
wavelength
The distance between crests of waves, such as those of the el…
15 terms
astronomy earth science
law 1
foci
eccentricity
more eccentric=
the orbits of planets are ellipses with the Sun located at on…
2 points on the major axis equidistant from the center where…
measurement of how oval an ellipse is
more oval
law 1
the orbits of planets are ellipses with the Sun located at on…
foci
2 points on the major axis equidistant from the center where…
23 terms
Earth science astronomy
Gravity
Cost effective, 24/7, less affected by…
Hubble
Magnitude
Force responsible for the formation of star
Advantages of radio telescopes
First space telescope built by NASA
The measure of the stars brightness
Gravity
Force responsible for the formation of star
Cost effective, 24/7, less affected by…
Advantages of radio telescopes
28 terms
Earth Science Astronomy 2
Geocentric
Heliocentric
celestial sphere
Horizon
Explained revolution of the moon, night and day, could not ea…
Easily explained motions of planets, accounted for night and…
An imaginary sphere encircling the Earth that celestial objec…
The line where the celestial sphere meets the Earth
Geocentric
Explained revolution of the moon, night and day, could not ea…
Heliocentric
Easily explained motions of planets, accounted for night and…
22 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Altitude
Asteroid
Celestial object
Comet
The vertical distance (elevation) between a point and sea lev…
A solid,rocky and or metallic body that independently orbits…
Any object in the universe outside of earths atmosphere, incl…
A low density object composed of materials.
Altitude
The vertical distance (elevation) between a point and sea lev…
Asteroid
A solid,rocky and or metallic body that independently orbits…
17 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Altitude
Aphelion
Axis of Rotation
Celestial Body
distance in degrees from the horizon of the object.
The point in the planet's orbit that is the farthest from the…
imaginary straight line through the earth between the North a…
Natural or man made object found in the celestial sphere
Altitude
distance in degrees from the horizon of the object.
Aphelion
The point in the planet's orbit that is the farthest from the…
28 terms
MIDTERMS EARTH SCIENCE Astronomy
Geocentric model
Retrograde motion
Heliocentric model
Aphelion
Earth centered universe.
Palnets moving backwards
Sun centered universe
Farthest
Geocentric model
Earth centered universe.
Retrograde motion
Palnets moving backwards
Earth science. ASTRONOMY
Rotation
Revolution
Tilt
Rotation evidence
Earth spins on its axis causing day and nignt
Earth travels around the sun causing seasons
Always from right to left
Coriolis affect
Rotation
Earth spins on its axis causing day and nignt
Revolution
Earth travels around the sun causing seasons
18 terms
Earth science astronomy
Asteroid belt location
Red shift characteristics
Blue shift characteristics
Sun
Mars and Jupiter
Long wave length, low frequency, means earth is explanding an…
Short wavelength, high frequency,... Moving closer to earth and…
Main source of energy
Asteroid belt location
Mars and Jupiter
Red shift characteristics
Long wave length, low frequency, means earth is explanding an…
Earth Science and Astronomy
turnover
succession
epilimnier
hypolimnion
mixing of levels from the pond water
a geological event such as a glacier or sink hole
surface lake is the top-most layer in a thermally stratisfied…
under lake is the dense, , bottom layer of water in a thermal…
turnover
mixing of levels from the pond water
succession
a geological event such as a glacier or sink hole
17 terms
Earth Science Honors Astronomy
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Control
Corona
Thing you have Control over
What is being measured
What normally happens
Top layer of the Suns atmosphere, extends several million kil…
Independent Variable
Thing you have Control over
Dependent Variable
What is being measured
11 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Comet
Asteroid
Planet
Star
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and m…
A large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce…
A ball of hot gas, primarily hydrogen and helium, that underg…
Comet
A ball of frozen dust and rock that orbits the sun and has a…
Asteroid
any of numerous small celestial bodies composed of rock and m…
23 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy
Astronomy
Axis
Rotation
Orbit
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
The line through the earth on which it rotates
The action of spinning around an axis
The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a…
Astronomy
the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, spac…
Axis
The line through the earth on which it rotates
58 terms
Earth Science 2015: Astronomy
Age of the Universe
Apparent magnitude
Are the seasons the same all over the…
Asteroid
approximately 13.8 billion years
a measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
no because the earth is tilted ... ->one side is hitting the sun…
a small, rocky object that orbits the Sun
Age of the Universe
approximately 13.8 billion years
Apparent magnitude
a measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
18 terms
Earth Science Astronomy 2
Summer Solstice
Winter solstice
Vernal equinox
Autumnal equino
The point on our orbit (around June 21st) the northern hemisp…
The point in our orbit (around December 21st) where the north…
The point in our orbit when the sun is hitting the hemisphere…
The point in our orbit when the sun is hitting the hemisphere…
Summer Solstice
The point on our orbit (around June 21st) the northern hemisp…
Winter solstice
The point in our orbit (around December 21st) where the north…
23 terms
Astronomy Earth Science Vocab
Altitude
asteroid
celestial objects
comet
the angle of a of a celestial object above the horizon; usual…
a solid, rocky and/ or metallic body that independently orbit…
any object in the universe outside of earths atmosphere, incl…
a low density object composed of materials (ices) that easily…
Altitude
the angle of a of a celestial object above the horizon; usual…
asteroid
a solid, rocky and/ or metallic body that independently orbit…
53 terms
Earth science-Astronomy
Astronomy
Astrology
Copernicus
Kepler
The science that studies the universe- two main things to stu…
The study of the movements and relative positions of the cele…
He concluded that the earth is s planet. Proposed the model o…
Discovered 3 laws of planetary motion.
Astronomy
The science that studies the universe- two main things to stu…
Astrology
The study of the movements and relative positions of the cele…
146 terms
Astronomy (Physical Earth Science)
albedo
Ejecta
Highland
Impact crater
Amount of sunlight that is reflected by the surface of a plan…
Material that falls back to the lunar surface after being bla…
Light colored, mountainous, heavily cratered areas of the moo…
Moon crater formed when space material is impact on the lunar…
albedo
Amount of sunlight that is reflected by the surface of a plan…
Ejecta
Material that falls back to the lunar surface after being bla…
Earth Science - Astronomy
Asteroid
Comet
Meteroid
Meteor
a small rocky body orbiting the Sun
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust, a…
a relatively small, rocky body that travels through space
a streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
Asteroid
a small rocky body orbiting the Sun
Comet
a celestial object consisting of a nucleus of ice and dust, a…
15 terms
Astronomy Vocab - Earth Science
optical telescopes
refracting telescope
objective lens
axis of rotation
use light to produce magnified images
A telescope that uses a set of lenses to gather and focus lig…
Magnifies the specimen
the center around which something rotates
optical telescopes
use light to produce magnified images
refracting telescope
A telescope that uses a set of lenses to gather and focus lig…
18 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Elliptic
Zenith
Circumpolar
Azimuth
The path the Sun, Moon, and planets follow in the sky. Repres…
An imaginary reference point directly above your head. 90 deg…
Constellations which are visible all year long. Ursa Major an…
Mathematical representation of a compass heading. Used to dis…
Elliptic
The path the Sun, Moon, and planets follow in the sky. Repres…
Zenith
An imaginary reference point directly above your head. 90 deg…
21 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy Vocab
Stellar nebula
Protostar
Main sequence star
Red giant
A large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on…
A hot condensed objects at the center of a nebula that will b…
The longest stage in a stars life in which it is undergoing f…
A very large, expanded bright star whose core has used up mos…
Stellar nebula
A large cloud of interstellar gas and dust that collapses on…
Protostar
A hot condensed objects at the center of a nebula that will b…
58 terms
Earth Science 2015: Astronomy
Age of the Universe
Apparent magnitude
Are the seasons the same all over the…
Asteroid
approximately 13.8 billion years
a measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
no because the earth is tilted ... ->one side of the hemisphere…
a small, rocky object that orbits the Sun
Age of the Universe
approximately 13.8 billion years
Apparent magnitude
a measure of how bright an object appears from Earth
20 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy 1
refracting telescope
objective lense
what telescope did Galileo invent
Reflecting telescope
a telescope that uses a lense to bend or refract light
most important. produces an image by bending light from a dis…
refracting
a telescope that reflects light off a concave mirror.
refracting telescope
a telescope that uses a lense to bend or refract light
objective lense
most important. produces an image by bending light from a dis…
Earth/Space Science - Astronomy
Philosophy, Religion
Steady State Theory
Big Bang Theory
15 Billion
Early Scientific models of astronomy blended elements of ___…
Theory held that the universe was static and that it did not…
Theory that proposes that a massive explosion that scattered…
The universe originated around ____ years ago with the "Big B…
Philosophy, Religion
Early Scientific models of astronomy blended elements of ___…
Steady State Theory
Theory held that the universe was static and that it did not…
55 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
bodies that make up our solar system
what caused the beginning of the unive…
cosmic background radiation
information that supports the universe…
comets, meteors, sun, planets, moons
fusion reaction, cloud collapsing on itself creating gravity
provides evidence for the origin of the universe
measurements of cosmic background radiation
bodies that make up our solar system
comets, meteors, sun, planets, moons
what caused the beginning of the unive…
fusion reaction, cloud collapsing on itself creating gravity
Earth Science Astronomy
optical telescopes
spectrograph
visible spectrum
winter solstice
use light to produce magnified images
An instrument that separates light into colors and makes an i…
Definition: tiny part of electromagnetic spectrum to which ou…
December 22, when the sun is at its southernmost point
optical telescopes
use light to produce magnified images
spectrograph
An instrument that separates light into colors and makes an i…
Astronomy Vocab Earth Science
optical telescopes
eye-piece lens
electromagnetic energy
visible spectrum
use light to produce magnified images
Contains a lens that magnifies 10x.
A form of energy that travels through space as waves
tiny part of electromagnetic spectrum to which our eyes are s…
optical telescopes
use light to produce magnified images
eye-piece lens
Contains a lens that magnifies 10x.
Earth Science Astronomy
Meteor
Asteroid belt
electromagnetic spectrum
Solar system
The bright glow caused by a piece of interplanetary debris en…
The region of the solar system located between the planets Ma…
A method of classifying radiation on the basis of wavelength…
The system that includes the Sun and the planets, moons, aste…
Meteor
The bright glow caused by a piece of interplanetary debris en…
Asteroid belt
The region of the solar system located between the planets Ma…
44 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy Vocab
Astronomy
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Electromagnetic Spectrum
The scientific study of the universe
A telescope that uses a set of lenses to gather and focus lig…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to collect and focus li…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
Astronomy
The scientific study of the universe
Refracting Telescope
A telescope that uses a set of lenses to gather and focus lig…
Earth Science- Astronomy Vocab
aphelion
barycenter
big bang theory
electromagnetic spectrum
the place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthe…
The center of mass of two or more bodies orbiting around each…
the theory that the universe originated 20 billion years ago…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
aphelion
the place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthe…
barycenter
The center of mass of two or more bodies orbiting around each…
18 terms
Earth Science- Astronomy
Astronomy
Comets
Asteroids
Meteors
The study of ,really, space.
Chunks of ice and crystals and dust with 2 tails(ion tail and…
Rocky bodies that orbit a star(Or the sun)
Burning up in the atmosphere(Mesosphere). People call them "S…
Astronomy
The study of ,really, space.
Comets
Chunks of ice and crystals and dust with 2 tails(ion tail and…
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