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Study sets matching "science vocab chapter 4"

13 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
sere
secondary succession
softwood
topography
stage succession
series of events
Bears Cones
mountains, valleys, rivers
sere
stage succession
secondary succession
series of events
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
18 terms
Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
benthic zone
biome
canopy
chaparral
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
in a forest the covering of tall trees whose intertwining bra…
coastal biome with low lying vegetation
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water. inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
biome
regions that have distinctive climates and organisms that con…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 vocabulary
Boyle's Law
solution
mixture
plasma
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
a homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances.
a sustance that can be separated physically
a state of matter that makes up 99% of the particles in the u…
Boyle's Law
for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volu…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more pure substances.
10 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
emission
Gulf Stream
Santa Ana
crust
giving off radiant energy
A warm surface current
A warm, dry wind
Earth's this, solid, outer layer
emission
giving off radiant energy
Gulf Stream
A warm surface current
12 terms
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
weathering
chemical weathering
horizon
erosion
The natural processes that break down rocks without transport…
The process in which rocks break down due to chemical changes…
A layer of soil that is distinct from the layers above and be…
The transportation of weathered rock from one place to another.
weathering
The natural processes that break down rocks without transport…
chemical weathering
The process in which rocks break down due to chemical changes…
12 terms
Behavioral Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Status
Ascribed Status
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
A description of your position in society and expected roles…
A status given at birth, not chosen (Ex. Male, white, son)
Macrosociology
Big scale Sociology, groups interacting with groups
Microsociology
Small Scale Sociology, Individuals interacting with Individuals
12 terms
science 8: chapter 4 vocabulary
nucleus (+)
proton (+) (P-P)
electron (-) (short e sound)
neutron (neutral)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus (+)
the dense, positively charged mass located in the center of a…
proton (+) (P-P)
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found IN the…
9 terms
Science Vocabulary for Chapter 4
adaptation
hibernate
camouflage
mimicry
a trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment
to rest or sleep through the cold winter
an adaptation by which an animal can hide by blending in with…
an adaptation in which one kind of organism has similar trait…
adaptation
a trait that helps a living thing survive in its environment
hibernate
to rest or sleep through the cold winter
Science Chapter 4 Energy
pitch
sound
frequency
volume
how high or low a sound it
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
a measure of how strong a sound seems to us
pitch
how high or low a sound it
sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
10 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
adaptations
camouflage
hibernate
stimulus
traits that help an organism survive in its environment
animals that blend in with their environment have this adapta…
some animals do this to avoid the cold of winter
something in an environment that causes a living thing to react
adaptations
traits that help an organism survive in its environment
camouflage
animals that blend in with their environment have this adapta…
20 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
adaptation
decomposer
parasite
predator
a change that occurs to fit certain conditions
organisms that break down dead plant and animal material.
something that lives from another creature
animal that hunts live animals for food
adaptation
a change that occurs to fit certain conditions
decomposer
organisms that break down dead plant and animal material.
26 terms
Science: Chapter 4 Vocabulary
glacier
precipitation
ocean
ice sheet
A large body of (fresh water) ice that moves slowly over land.
Water droplets that form in the atmosphere and fall to the gr…
A large body of salt water that covers about 70% of Earth's s…
A large covering of ice and snow that lasts a long time. They…
glacier
A large body of (fresh water) ice that moves slowly over land.
precipitation
Water droplets that form in the atmosphere and fall to the gr…
11 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
artery
capillary
vein
trachea
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
the smallest kind of blood vessels
a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
the tube that carries air from the larynx
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
capillary
the smallest kind of blood vessels
16 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
foliated
compaction
texture
rock forming minerals
metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layer…
The process by which sediments are pressed together under the…
The look and feel of a rock's surface, determined by the size…
Any of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks on…
foliated
metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layer…
compaction
The process by which sediments are pressed together under the…
15 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary- Life Science
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
CHROMOSOME
DIPLOID
DNA
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes…
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, whic…
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
CHROMOSOME
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
29 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 4
ecology
species
population
community
The study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
group of organisms that interbreed and produce fertile offspr…
members of a species that live in the same area
all populations in a specific area
ecology
The study of how organisms interact with each other and their…
species
group of organisms that interbreed and produce fertile offspr…
8 terms
chapter 4 science vocabulary
fish
amphibian
cold-blooded
reptile
A vertebrate adapted to living its entire life in the water.
Vertebrates that can live in water or on land but must return…
Relating to an animal whose body temperature changes as the t…
A cold-blooded animal that has a dry , protective covering of…
fish
A vertebrate adapted to living its entire life in the water.
amphibian
Vertebrates that can live in water or on land but must return…
8 terms
chapter 4 vocab (science)
atmosphere
water vapor
troposphere
stratosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding earth.
is water in its gaseous form.
the atmospheric layer closes to earths surface
the atmospheric layer directly above the troposphere
atmosphere
a thin layer of gases surrounding earth.
water vapor
is water in its gaseous form.
15 terms
Science - Chapter 4
producer
ecosystem
consumer
habitat
living things that make their own food
all living and nonliving things in an environment and how the…
living things that eat other living things
area where an organism lives in an ecosystem
producer
living things that make their own food
ecosystem
all living and nonliving things in an environment and how the…
15 terms
Science Chapter 4
biosphere
ecosystem
ecology
population
the part of the Earth that supports life
all of the organisms living in an area, as well as all of the…
the study of interactions that occur among organisms and thei…
made up of all of the same species that live in an area at th…
biosphere
the part of the Earth that supports life
ecosystem
all of the organisms living in an area, as well as all of the…
11 terms
Science-- Chapter 4
sexual reproduction
gene
heredity
alleles
a cell containing genetic material from the mother and a cell…
a unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a chr…
the passing of genes from parents to offspring
various (different) forms of the same genes
sexual reproduction
a cell containing genetic material from the mother and a cell…
gene
a unit of heredity that occupies a specific location on a chr…
18 terms
Interactive Science Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Ion
Bond
Valence Electron
Formula
A charged atom
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
a combination of symbols that shows the ratio of elements in…
Ion
A charged atom
Bond
When two or more atoms combine to form a new substance
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-ocean Ridges
Wegner's idea that the continents slowly moved over Earth's s…
Continents that were joined together in a supercontinent, or…
Any trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in r…
Seam formed mountain ranges that ran along the middle of some…
Continental Drift
Wegner's idea that the continents slowly moved over Earth's s…
Pangaea
Continents that were joined together in a supercontinent, or…
21 terms
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm and an egg
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
a characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
19 terms
Chapter 4 Science
Solid
Crystalline Solid
Amorphous Solid
Liquid
The particles are packed close together. Has definite shape a…
When heated, melts at a distinct temperature. Also has a regu…
When heated, does not melt, just becomes softer. Particles do…
Has a definite volume, but no shape of its own
Solid
The particles are packed close together. Has definite shape a…
Crystalline Solid
When heated, melts at a distinct temperature. Also has a regu…
25 terms
Chapter 4 Science "Plants" Vocabulary
pollen
pollination
photosynthesis
xylem
the yellow powder that is made in the tissue at the top of th…
when pollen is moved from the stamen to the pistil
the process that plants use to make sugar
tubes in a plant that carry materials to the leaves
pollen
the yellow powder that is made in the tissue at the top of th…
pollination
when pollen is moved from the stamen to the pistil
13 terms
Science Chapter 4 Review
Ocean
Oceanographer
70%
Dirt, rocks, and volcanoes
large body of salt water
someone who studies the ocean
the amount of the earth that oceans cover
where the ocean gets its saltiness
Ocean
large body of salt water
Oceanographer
someone who studies the ocean
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Dalton's Theory
nucleus
Subatomic Particles
proton
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
the central core of the atom
Three types of tiny particles that make up an atom
one of the POSITIVELY charged particles in an atom's nucleus
Dalton's Theory
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
nucleus
the central core of the atom
11 terms
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary Words
artery
vein
bronchiole
capillary
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
a small tube in the lungs that carries air to air sacs
the smallest kind of blood vessels
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to othe…
vein
a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart
19 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Circulatory system
Excretory system
Digestive system
Nervous system
System that moves blood through the body.
Where liquid wastes, created when cells break down chemicals…
Breaks down food
Controls the body
Circulatory system
System that moves blood through the body.
Excretory system
Where liquid wastes, created when cells break down chemicals…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary (Science)
ecosystem
community
population
climate
This is made up of all the living and nonliving things that i…
The group of living organisms found in an ecosystem.
This consists of all the members of the same type of organism…
This refers to the type of weather that occurs in an area ove…
ecosystem
This is made up of all the living and nonliving things that i…
community
The group of living organisms found in an ecosystem.
15 terms
Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
rock
rock cycle
igneous rock
lava
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at…
Magma that reaches Earth's surface
rock
a mixture of minerals, volcanic glass, organic matter, and ot…
rock cycle
A series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that sl…
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
12 terms
Chapter 4 Physical Science Vocabulary
nucleus
proton
electron
neutron
A dense, positively charged mass located in the center of the…
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a negatively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
a neutral subatomic particle that is found in the nucleus of…
nucleus
A dense, positively charged mass located in the center of the…
proton
a positively charged subatomic particle that is found in the…
17 terms
CHAPTER 4 VOCABULARY SCIENCE
HYDROXYL GROUP
CARBOXYL GROUP
AMINO GROUP
AMINE
Is a substituted hydrocarbon. Made up of an oxygen atom and a…
Consists of a carbon atom, 2 oxygen atoms, 1 hydrogen atom.…
Hydrocarbon joined by a covalent bond with 2 hydrogens. ... NH2-…
Substituted hydrocarbon formed when an amino group replaces a…
HYDROXYL GROUP
Is a substituted hydrocarbon. Made up of an oxygen atom and a…
CARBOXYL GROUP
Consists of a carbon atom, 2 oxygen atoms, 1 hydrogen atom.…
44 terms
Chapter 4 Vocabulary: Science
Telescope
Electromagnetic radiation
Visible light
Wavelength
is a device that makes distant objects appear closer
energy that can travel through space in forms of waves
light that you can see
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Telescope
is a device that makes distant objects appear closer
Electromagnetic radiation
energy that can travel through space in forms of waves
8 terms
science vocabulary chapter 4
kinetic energy
joule
potential energy
elastic potential energy
Energy of motion
SI unit of energy
Stored Energy
the energy of stretched or compressed objects
kinetic energy
Energy of motion
joule
SI unit of energy
15 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Sexual Reproduction
Egg
Sperm
Fertilization
A type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
A female sex cell; forms in an ovary
A male sex cell; forms in a testis
A process where an egg cell and a sperm cell join together
Sexual Reproduction
A type of reproduction in which the genetic materials from tw…
Egg
A female sex cell; forms in an ovary
7 terms
Science - Chapter 4 Vocabulary - Changes in Ecosystems
competition
parasite
host
succession
when two or more species in an ecosystem must use the same li…
an organism that lives on or in another organism, helping its…
an organism that is harmed by a parasite
gradual change from one community of organisms to another
competition
when two or more species in an ecosystem must use the same li…
parasite
an organism that lives on or in another organism, helping its…
16 terms
Life Science: Chapter 4 Vocabulary
cross-pollinate
trait
allele
dominant trait
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
a physical characteristic that an organism possesses
a member of a gene pair
a trait that is most likely to appear in offspring
cross-pollinate
to transfer the pollen from one plant to the reproductive str…
trait
a physical characteristic that an organism possesses
9 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary (Heat)
Thermal Energy
Heat
Temperature
Celsius
the form of energy that moves particles of matter
the movement of thermal energy from hotter to cooler objects
the measure of how hot or cold something is
the metric scale for measuring temperature
Thermal Energy
the form of energy that moves particles of matter
Heat
the movement of thermal energy from hotter to cooler objects
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
work
Machines help by
simple machines
Lever
when an object changes it's position by moving in the directi…
multiplying the force, changing the direction of a force, or…
basic machines, do work with one movement
a bar that can turn around a fixed point (fulcrum)
work
when an object changes it's position by moving in the directi…
Machines help by
multiplying the force, changing the direction of a force, or…
9 terms
Science - Chapter 4
valence electron
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
1. electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using dots
the force that holds two atoms together
An atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged.
valence electron
1. electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using dots
8 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
Renewable Resource
Nonrenewable Resource
Petroleum
Recycling
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
A resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
A liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds; used as a…
The process of recovering valuable or useful materials from w…
Renewable Resource
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at w…
Nonrenewable Resource
A resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the…
11 terms
Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Passive transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active transport
Movement of molecules from a more crowded area to a less crou…
A type of passive transport where the molecules scatter
Diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane
Movement of molecules from a less crowded area to a more crow…
Passive transport
Movement of molecules from a more crowded area to a less crou…
Diffusion
A type of passive transport where the molecules scatter
9 terms
CHAPTER 4 SCIENCE VOCABULARY
Diffusion
Osmosis
Semipermeable
Passive Transport
movements from high areas of concentration to areas of low co…
diffusion of water through the cell membrane
certain materials are able to go into or out of the cell
the movement of particles across the cell membrane without th…
Diffusion
movements from high areas of concentration to areas of low co…
Osmosis
diffusion of water through the cell membrane
13 terms
Chapter 4 Science Vocabulary
ecological succession
primary succession
substrate
pioneer species
the predictable and orderly changes that occur over time in a…
the series of changes occurring in a newly formed barren habi…
the base, usually rock or soil, in which an organism lives
the first species to populate or repopulate a barren or distu…
ecological succession
the predictable and orderly changes that occur over time in a…
primary succession
the series of changes occurring in a newly formed barren habi…
19 terms
Science 4 chapter 4
gravity
energy
force
friction
the force that pulls objects toward the earth
the ability to do work
a push or a pull
the force that resist the movements of objects against each o…
gravity
the force that pulls objects toward the earth
energy
the ability to do work
30 terms
BJU Science 5 Chapter 4
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
potential
the ability to do work
stored energy; the energy that an object or substance has bec…
the energy that an object or substance has because of its mot…
A roller coaster at the top of the track has ________________…
energy
the ability to do work
potential energy
stored energy; the energy that an object or substance has bec…
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