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Study sets matching "science vocab chapter 8"

6 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Lava
Magma
Lahar
Felsic
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface
Liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
Deadly mudflow that forms when volcanic ash and debris mix wi…
Describes magma, lava, or igneous rock that is rich in feldsp…
Lava
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface
Magma
Liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
13 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organisms that make their own food, such as plants. They use…
an animal that cannot use the sun directly and obtains energy…
a principal chemical compound that cells use to store and rel…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organisms that make their own food, such as plants. They use…
heterotroph
an animal that cannot use the sun directly and obtains energy…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocab
Earthquake
Fault
Focus
Seismic Waves
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
A fracture in earth along which movement has occurred.... (geolo…
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates.
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Earthquake
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Fault
A fracture in earth along which movement has occurred.... (geolo…
Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Carnivore
Predator
Food Chain
Food Web
An animal that eats only other animals
An animal that hunts other animals for food
The path of food energy in an ecosystem as one living things…
Two or more food chains that overlap
Carnivore
An animal that eats only other animals
Predator
An animal that hunts other animals for food
11 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
battery
conductor
electric charges
electric circuit
A device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy
A material through which charged particles flow easily
Units of energy (positive/negative)
The pathway that electric current flows
battery
A device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy
conductor
A material through which charged particles flow easily
32 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
wave
energy
medium
mechanical wave
disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
ability to move an object some distance
material through which a wave travels
wave that requires a medium through which to travel
wave
disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
energy
ability to move an object some distance
12 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
sediment
crust
core
weathering
bits of rock, sand, and remains of once-living things
the outer layer of earth
the innermost layer of earth
slow wearing away of rock into smaller pieces
sediment
bits of rock, sand, and remains of once-living things
crust
the outer layer of earth
10 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
rotation
revolution
axis
phases
once every 24 hours Earth completes one
when one object travels around another
a real or imaginary line that an object spins around.
the apparent shapes of the Moon in the sky
rotation
once every 24 hours Earth completes one
revolution
when one object travels around another
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Science
Chemical bond
Covalent bond
Chemical Formula
Valence electrons
A force that holds two or more atoms together.
A chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
A group of chemical symbols and numbers that represent the el…
The outermost electron of a atom that participates in chemica…
Chemical bond
A force that holds two or more atoms together.
Covalent bond
A chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
16 terms
Science Chapter 8
amphibian
warm-blooded
cartilage
molting
animal that lives part of it's life in water and another part…
body temperature that stays the same no matter what the tempe…
tough, flexible tissue that supports and shapes the body
shedding of the exoskeleton
amphibian
animal that lives part of it's life in water and another part…
warm-blooded
body temperature that stays the same no matter what the tempe…
122 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 8
Atom
Compound
Element
Heterogeneous Mixture
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
A substance made of only one kind of atom.
A mixture in which the substances are not evenly mixed.
Atom
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
Compound
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
13 terms
Science 8 Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Force
Friction
Gravitation
Magnetic force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
The force of attraction between 2 objects because they have m…
A pushing or pulling force that acts on certain metals and co…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
16 terms
science chapter 8 vocabulary
suspension
colloid
emulsion
solution
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
a mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate…
any mixture of two or more immiscible liquids in which one li…
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
suspension
a mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
colloid
a mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate…
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Addison Science
Compound Machine
Effort
Force
Friction
a machine made of more than one simple machine
force that is used to do work
A push or a pull
A force that opposes motion
Compound Machine
a machine made of more than one simple machine
Effort
force that is used to do work
23 terms
Chapter 8 Life Science Vocabulary
Protist
Flagellum
algae
cilia
One or many celled organism that lives in moist or wet surrou…
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move
Plant-like protists
Hair-like projections on the cell surface used for locomotion…
Protist
One or many celled organism that lives in moist or wet surrou…
Flagellum
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move
15 terms
Science - Chapter 8 - Vocabulary
weathering
inorganic matter
sedimentary
igneous
a slow process that breaks rocks into sediments
all the nonliving materials in the soil
rocks that form when layers of materials and rock particles s…
rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens
weathering
a slow process that breaks rocks into sediments
inorganic matter
all the nonliving materials in the soil
10 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic waves
the study of earthquakes
the bending, tilting and breaking of the Earth's crust; the c…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earthy, away from a…
seismology
the study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending, tilting and breaking of the Earth's crust; the c…
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
electric circuit
conductor
parallel circuit
electric charges
The pathway that an electric current follows.
A material through which negatively charged particles flow ea…
The parts of the circuit are connected so that the current pa…
Units of electricity carried by tiny particles.
electric circuit
The pathway that an electric current follows.
conductor
A material through which negatively charged particles flow ea…
8 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Geologist
Mineral
Sedimentary Rock
Igneous Rock
A scientist who studies the earth.
A non-living, natural substance found in the earth.
Rocks formed when small pieces of minerals pile up in layers.
Rocks formed when magma or lava cools and hardens.
Geologist
A scientist who studies the earth.
Mineral
A non-living, natural substance found in the earth.
6 terms
4th Science Vocabulary, Chapter 8, Minerals and Rocks
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
(n.) the quality of giving off light, brightness, glitter, br…
A type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or…
Forms when sediments are compacted and cemented together or w…
mineral
natural nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
luster
(n.) the quality of giving off light, brightness, glitter, br…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary (Rocks)
crust
rock
minerals
mantle
the outermost layer of Earth
solid material made up of one or more minerals
solid material found in the Earth's crust that has a definite…
thick layer of rock between the crust and the core
crust
the outermost layer of Earth
rock
solid material made up of one or more minerals
20 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
Archimedes' principle
Bernoulli's principle
Boyle's law
buoyant force
States that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equa…
States that as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressur…
States that the volume of a gas decreases when the pressure i…
Ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object imme…
Archimedes' principle
States that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equa…
Bernoulli's principle
States that as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressur…
16 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
organism
biotic factor
species
community
a living thing; bald eagle, plants, etc.
the parts of a habitat that are living, or once lived, and in…
a group of organisms that can mate with each other and produc…
all the different populations that live together in an area
organism
a living thing; bald eagle, plants, etc.
biotic factor
the parts of a habitat that are living, or once lived, and in…
Physical Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
substance -
heterogeneous mixture -
homogeneous mixture -
solution -
matter that has the same fixed makeup and properties througho…
a mixture where the substances are not mixed evenly.
a mixture that has two or more substances in which the molecu…
another name for a homogeneous mixture.
substance -
matter that has the same fixed makeup and properties througho…
heterogeneous mixture -
a mixture where the substances are not mixed evenly.
15 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Sound
Frequency
Wavelength
Energy
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
distance between a point on one wave and a similar point on t…
the ability to cause motion or create change
Sound
energy in the form of vibrations passing through matter
Frequency
number of waves that pass a point in a certain amount of time
chapter 8 science vocabulary
Water cycle
Evaporation
Humidity
Relative humidity
The continuous movement of water between the atmosphere and e…
The process by which water molecules in liquid water absorb e…
A measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
The percentage of water vapor that is actually in the air com…
Water cycle
The continuous movement of water between the atmosphere and e…
Evaporation
The process by which water molecules in liquid water absorb e…
20 terms
8th Science- Chapter 8
Work
Power
Mechanical Advantage
Compound Machine
A force causes an object to move in the direction of the force
Rate at which energy is transformed
The number of times a machine multiplies force
A machine that is made of two simple machines
Work
A force causes an object to move in the direction of the force
Power
Rate at which energy is transformed
17 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Mammals
Vertebrates
Invertebrates
Larva
vertebrates whose body temperatures are regulated by their in…
animals with backbones
animals without a backbone
an immature form of an animal that looks very different from…
Mammals
vertebrates whose body temperatures are regulated by their in…
Vertebrates
animals with backbones
49 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
the process in which some organisms use water along with sunl…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
a structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
a sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
photosynthesis
the process in which some organisms use water along with sunl…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
10 terms
Science 9 Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Chemical Formula
Polyatomic Ions
Law of Definite Proportions
Monovalent
- shows the ratio of the elements in a compound
- groups of atoms that can occur together in a compound... - the…
- " a specific compound always contains the same elements in…
- elements with only one possible ion charge
Chemical Formula
- shows the ratio of the elements in a compound
Polyatomic Ions
- groups of atoms that can occur together in a compound... - the…
14 terms
Science - Chapter 8 Terms - Volcanoes - Fall 2015
Folded Mountain
Fault Block Mountain
Volcano
Cinder-Cone Volcano
A mountain that forms as continental crust crumples and bends…
Mountains that form as blocks or rock that move up or down al…
An opening in Earth's crust through which molten rock, rock f…
A steep, cone-shaped hill formed by the eruption of cinders a…
Folded Mountain
A mountain that forms as continental crust crumples and bends…
Fault Block Mountain
Mountains that form as blocks or rock that move up or down al…
17 terms
Science Chapter 8: Vocabulary
Isostasy
Subsidence
Uplift
Compression
the equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mant…
the downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
the upward vertical motion of Earth's surface
squeezing stress
Isostasy
the equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mant…
Subsidence
the downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
20 terms
Science Chapter 8
Natural Resources
Alternative Energy Resources
Fossil Fuels
Hydropower
Examples are soil, minerals, air, water, and coal.
Renewable resources that are used to produce energy
The remains of animals and plants hat undergo heat and pressu…
Energy made from running water
Natural Resources
Examples are soil, minerals, air, water, and coal.
Alternative Energy Resources
Renewable resources that are used to produce energy
22 terms
Earth Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Uniformitarianism
Relative Age
Law of Superposition
Uncomformity
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
the law that a sedimentary rock layer is older than the layer…
a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are e…
Uniformitarianism
a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past…
Relative Age
the age of an object in relation to the ages of other objects
9 terms
Chapter 8: Science Vocabulary
Electric Force
Electric Field
Static Electricity
Conservation Of Charge
the force between charged objects
a region around a charged object where the object's electric…
the buildup of charges on an object
"charges are neither created nor destroyed"
Electric Force
the force between charged objects
Electric Field
a region around a charged object where the object's electric…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
electric force
electric field
static electricity
conservation of change
the force between charged objects
the region around a charged object where the object's electri…
a buildup of charges on an object
the law that states that charges are neither created nor dest…
electric force
the force between charged objects
electric field
the region around a charged object where the object's electri…
chapter 8 vocabulary science
autotrophs
heterotrophs
adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organisms such as plants make there own food
obtain energy from foods they consume
one of the principal chemical compounds that cells use to sto…
plants use energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dio…
autotrophs
organisms such as plants make there own food
heterotrophs
obtain energy from foods they consume
17 terms
Chapter 8 science vocabulary
cell division
chromosome
cell cycle
interphase
the process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
a structure made of DNA and protein in the nucleus of a eukar…
the period of time from beginning of one cell division to the…
the stage of the cell cycle that occurs between cell division
cell division
the process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
chromosome
a structure made of DNA and protein in the nucleus of a eukar…
21 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
energy
joule
kinetic energy
potential energy
the ability to do work or cause change
what energy is measured in
the energy an object has due to its motion
energy that results from the position or shape of an object
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
joule
what energy is measured in
20 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Alternation of generations
Embryo
Fruit
Generation
Occurs when the life cycle of an organism alternates between…
Immature diploid plant that develops from the zygote
Forms of an ovary and sometimes other plant parts of the flow…
Haploid and diploid stages in the life cycle of a plant
Alternation of generations
Occurs when the life cycle of an organism alternates between…
Embryo
Immature diploid plant that develops from the zygote
49 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
the process in which some organisms use water along with sunl…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
a structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
a sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
photosynthesis
the process in which some organisms use water along with sunl…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
44 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
volcano
igneous
extrusive volcanism
magma chambers
a depositional mountain landform built from solidified magma…
makes up volcanoes; refers to anything having to do with molt…
volcanoes that form on the top of the earth's crust.
large spaces melted out by magma
volcano
a depositional mountain landform built from solidified magma…
igneous
makes up volcanoes; refers to anything having to do with molt…
7 terms
Chapter 8: Science Vocabulary
Chemical Reaction
Metal
Reactive
Reactant
A change which substances before the change are different fro…
A substance that allows heat and electricity pass through eas…
How easily a substance takes part in a chemical reaction
A substance before a chemical reaction happens
Chemical Reaction
A change which substances before the change are different fro…
Metal
A substance that allows heat and electricity pass through eas…
6 terms
Science chapter 8 vocabulary
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
any earth material that has been moved from one place to anot…
rock that forms when sediments are cemented together and harden
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
9 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
gravity
inertia
orbit
revolution
a force of attraction
the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
a path that one object takes around another object
One complete trip around the sun (365 1/4 days)
gravity
a force of attraction
inertia
the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
8 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
genetics
pure bred
cross
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
An organism that always produces offspring with the same form…
The process of mating organisms to test how they inherit trai…
Offspring of two genetically unrelated individuals
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
pure bred
An organism that always produces offspring with the same form…
14 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 8
circuit
conductor
insulator
resistor
An unbroken path through which electricity can flow.
A material that allows electricity to flow through it.
A material that does not conduct electricity well.
A material that reduces the flow of electrons.
circuit
An unbroken path through which electricity can flow.
conductor
A material that allows electricity to flow through it.
9 terms
Science - Chapter 8
insulator
generator
series circuit
electric current
a material through which electricity moves with difficulty (s…
a machine that produces electricity by turning coils of wire…
a circuit which electric charge can only flow in one path
an electric charge in motion
insulator
a material through which electricity moves with difficulty (s…
generator
a machine that produces electricity by turning coils of wire…
10 terms
science vocabulary chapter 8
indicator
alloy
salt
corrosion
something that changes colors to identify a substance as an a…
A pure metal mixed with other metals to improve hardness and…
a compound made of a metal and a nonmetal is a
the gradual eating away of a metal because it reacts chemical…
indicator
something that changes colors to identify a substance as an a…
alloy
A pure metal mixed with other metals to improve hardness and…
15 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
protist
algae
diatom
protozoans
a member of a group of eukaryotic organisms which have a memb…
plant-like protists that produce food through photosynthesis…
a type of microscopic plant-like protists with hard outer wall
protists that resemble tiny animals
protist
a member of a group of eukaryotic organisms which have a memb…
algae
plant-like protists that produce food through photosynthesis…
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