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Study sets matching "science vocabulary astronomy chapter 2"

15 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Science Vocabulary
Rocket
Satellite
Velocity
Thrust
A device that expels gas in one direction to move in the oppo…
An object that revolves around an object in space.
Speed in a given direction.
The reaction force that propels a rocket forward.
Rocket
A device that expels gas in one direction to move in the oppo…
Satellite
An object that revolves around an object in space.
13 terms
Science astronomy Chapter2
light year
open clusters
Elliptical galaxy
Spectrum
the distance that light travels in one year
groups of stars that are usually located along the spiral dis…
Galaxies that have very bright centers and very little dust a…
When you look at white light through a glass prism, you see a…
light year
the distance that light travels in one year
open clusters
groups of stars that are usually located along the spiral dis…
20 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 2 Astronomy
Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear Fission
Solar flare
Maria
A process in which large atomic nuclei fuse together
A process in which large atomic nuclei break into pieces
When energy leaves the core of the sun
Large dark spots on the moon
Nuclear Fusion
A process in which large atomic nuclei fuse together
Nuclear Fission
A process in which large atomic nuclei break into pieces
18 terms
Astronomy and Space Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
force
speed
gravity
rocket
a push or pull
the distance an object moves per unit of time
a force that pulls objects toward each other
a device that expels gas in one direction to move it in the o…
force
a push or pull
speed
the distance an object moves per unit of time
20 terms
Science Astronomy Chapter 2 vocabulary
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
inertia
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
geocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
heliocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
20 terms
Science Chapter 2 Astronomy Vocabulary
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Ellipse
Inertia
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
An elongated circle, or oval shape; the shape of the planets'…
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
Geocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
Heliocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
12 terms
Science Astronomy Chapter 2
What is a meteoroid?
Meteorite
meteor
Asteroid
A chunk of rock or dust in space.
A meteor that has hit earths surface.
A streak of light in the sky produced by the burning of a met…
Objects revolving around the sun that are to small to be cons…
What is a meteoroid?
A chunk of rock or dust in space.
Meteorite
A meteor that has hit earths surface.
16 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Sphere
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
A round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun.
Sphere
A round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
Axis
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
74 terms
Science chapter 2 astronomy
sphere
how did Aristotle suggest that the Ear…
Describe the shape of Earth
axis
round, 3D object and model of the Earth
he observed that the earth cast a curved shadow on the moon d…
not a perfect sphere, it bulges at the equator
imaginary pole that goes through the center of the Earth
sphere
round, 3D object and model of the Earth
how did Aristotle suggest that the Ear…
he observed that the earth cast a curved shadow on the moon d…
54 terms
chapter 2 science/ astronomy
Electromagnetic Radiation
Accretion
Satellite
Kepler's 1st Law
This is electric and magnetic disturbances travelling through…
gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
a natural body that revolves around a planet
the planets revolve around the sun in an ELLIPSE rather than…
Electromagnetic Radiation
This is electric and magnetic disturbances travelling through…
Accretion
gravity causes the rocks to combine forming planets
24 terms
chapter 2 astronomy science
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
inertia
a description of the solar system in which all of he planets…
a description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
an elongated circle or oval shape; the shape of the planets o…
the tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
geocentric
a description of the solar system in which all of he planets…
heliocentric
a description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
Astronomy - Chapter 2 vocabulary
supernova
quasar
spectrum
white dwarf
a gigantic explosion in which a massive star collapses and th…
a very luminous, starlike object that generates energy at a h…
the band of colors produced when white light passes through a…
a small, hot, dim star that is the leftover center of an old…
supernova
a gigantic explosion in which a massive star collapses and th…
quasar
a very luminous, starlike object that generates energy at a h…
Science Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary Words
Axis
Ellipse
Equinox
Full Moon
Imaginery verticle line that cuts through the center of the E…
Elongated, closed curve that describes Earth's yearlong orbit…
Twice-yearly time - each spring and fall - when the sun is di…
Phase that occurs when all the Moon's surface facing Earth re…
Axis
Imaginery verticle line that cuts through the center of the E…
Ellipse
Elongated, closed curve that describes Earth's yearlong orbit…
37 terms
Chapter 2 Astronomy
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Ellipse
Inertia
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
An elongated circle, or oval shape; the shape of the planets'…
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
Geocentric
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
Heliocentric
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
23 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Geocentric
Heilocentric
Ellipse
Intertia
Earth in the center of the revolving planets
Earth and the other planets revolving around sun.
An elongated circle, or oval shape.
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight line.
Geocentric
Earth in the center of the revolving planets
Heilocentric
Earth and the other planets revolving around sun.
40 terms
Science Astronomy Chapter 2
Rocket
Thrust
Velocity
Orbital velocity
Device that expels gas in one direction to move the back of t…
Reaction force that propels a rocket forward
Speed in a given direction
Velocity a rocket must achieve to establish an orbit around a…
Rocket
Device that expels gas in one direction to move the back of t…
Thrust
Reaction force that propels a rocket forward
15 terms
science chapter 2 astronomy
astronomy
planet
Constellation
scale
study of celestial (sky/space) objects
wanderers (Greek)
astronomers used them to tell farmers when to plant crops and…
observable universe... laniakea ... galaxies... milky way... nebula... solar…
astronomy
study of celestial (sky/space) objects
planet
wanderers (Greek)
24 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2
prograde motion
retrograde motion
epicycle
Almagest
the apparent eastward movement of a planet seen against the b…
the apparent westward motion of a planet with respect to back…
a moving circle in the Ptolmaic system about which a planet r…
13 volumes written by Ptolemy, an assembled collection of his…
prograde motion
the apparent eastward movement of a planet seen against the b…
retrograde motion
the apparent westward motion of a planet with respect to back…
17 terms
Science Chapter 2 Astronomy
Axis
Ellipse
Equinox
Lunar Eclipse
1. An imaginary line through a body, about which it rotates.…
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
The two days of the year on which neither hemisphere is tilte…
the blocking of sunlight to the moon that occurs when Earth i…
Axis
1. An imaginary line through a body, about which it rotates.…
Ellipse
A elongated circle, or oval shape, the shape of the planets o…
33 terms
Science: Astronomy and Space Chapter 2
reaction force that propels a rocket f…
Scientist learned a lot about moon by
Space is a vacuum which means it is
The only space station in orbit is cal…
thrust
studying rocks brought back by astronauts
empty of all matter
the International Space Station
reaction force that propels a rocket f…
thrust
Scientist learned a lot about moon by
studying rocks brought back by astronauts
15 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
escape velocity
geosynchronous orbit
microgravity
orbital velocity
The velocity an object must reach to fly beyond a planet's or…
An orbit in which a satellite orbits Earth at the same rate a…
The condition of experiencing weightlessness in orbit.
The velocity a rocket must achieve to establish an orbit arou…
escape velocity
The velocity an object must reach to fly beyond a planet's or…
geosynchronous orbit
An orbit in which a satellite orbits Earth at the same rate a…
19 terms
Science Astronomy Chapter 2
Who suggested the earth is round? Why?
axis
Earth has a ______ south pole and a __…
____° difference between north magneti…
Aristotle because during an eclipse, he saw the shadow on the…
imaginary line or pole going thru the earth
magetic
23.5
Who suggested the earth is round? Why?
Aristotle because during an eclipse, he saw the shadow on the…
axis
imaginary line or pole going thru the earth
14 terms
Science Astronomy Chapter 2
Axis
Sphere
Rotation
revolution
the imaginary vertical line around which earth spins, goes th…
a round three dimensional object
the spinning of earth on its axis
earths yearly orbit around the sun
Axis
the imaginary vertical line around which earth spins, goes th…
Sphere
a round three dimensional object
20 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
nodes
conjunction
opposition
prograde motion
points in the orbit of the moon where the moon crosses the ec…
appearance of 2 celestial bodies, often a planet and the sun,…
configuration of a planet on other body when it appears oppos…
eastward (normal) revolution of a solar system body
nodes
points in the orbit of the moon where the moon crosses the ec…
conjunction
appearance of 2 celestial bodies, often a planet and the sun,…
40 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2
Aristotle
retrograde motion
Ptolemy
Epicycles
-proposed a theory that the two types of motion are towards/a…
when a planet appears to stop, move backwards, and then start…
-solved problem of retrograde motion in Aristotle's theory…
planets would spin in an epicyle (smaller sphere) which would…
Aristotle
-proposed a theory that the two types of motion are towards/a…
retrograde motion
when a planet appears to stop, move backwards, and then start…
40 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 REVIEW
Sphere
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
A round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24…
Earth's yearlong elliptical orbit around the sun.
Sphere
A round, three-dimensional object whose surface is the same d…
Axis
Imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth…
Astronomy Chapter 2
solar system
nebula
solar nebula
planetesimal
the system composed of the sun (a star) and the planets and o…
a large cloud of dust and gas in interstellar space; the loca…
the nebula that formed into the solar system
the tiny building blocks of the planets that formed as dust p…
solar system
the system composed of the sun (a star) and the planets and o…
nebula
a large cloud of dust and gas in interstellar space; the loca…
15 terms
Chapter 2 Astronomy Vocab
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Ellipse
Inertia
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
An elongated circle, or oval shape; the shape of the planets'…
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
Geocentric
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
Heliocentric
Description of the system in which all of the planets revolve…
50 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2
True
frequency times the wavelength of the…
Violet
X-ray
Radio waves, visible light, and X-rays are all types of elect…
A wave's velocity is the product of the
Which of the following colors has a wavelength shorter than t…
Which of the following types of electromagnetic waves has the…
True
Radio waves, visible light, and X-rays are all types of elect…
frequency times the wavelength of the…
A wave's velocity is the product of the
15 terms
Science Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocab
rocket
thrust
velocity
orbital velocity
a device that expels gas in one direction to move in the oppo…
the reaction force that propels a rocket forward
speed in a given direction
the velocity a rocket must achieve to establish an orbit arou…
rocket
a device that expels gas in one direction to move in the oppo…
thrust
the reaction force that propels a rocket forward
41 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Constellation
Celestial Sphere
North Celestial Pole
south celestial pole
is a region of the sky with well-defined borders; the familia…
An imaginary sphere surrounding Earth to which the stars are…
point directly over earths north pole
point directly over earths south pole
Constellation
is a region of the sky with well-defined borders; the familia…
Celestial Sphere
An imaginary sphere surrounding Earth to which the stars are…
22 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Diurnal Motion
Diurnal Circle
North Circumpolar Region
North/South Celestial Pole
Daily motions of the sky.
The path a star follows.
Where the entire diurnal circle lies above the horizon.
Points directly above north/south poles... Where diurnal circ…
Diurnal Motion
Daily motions of the sky.
Diurnal Circle
The path a star follows.
27 terms
Science Chapter 2 Concepts and Vocab Astronomy
axis
ellipse
equinox
lunar ecilpse
maginary vertical line that cuts through the cen- ter of Eart…
elongated, closed curve that describes Earth's yearlong orbit…
twice-yearly time—each spring and fall—when the Sun is direct…
occurs when Earth's shadow falls on the Moon
axis
maginary vertical line that cuts through the cen- ter of Eart…
ellipse
elongated, closed curve that describes Earth's yearlong orbit…
31 terms
Science astronomy chapter 2 vocab
rocket
thrust
velocity
orbital velocity
is a device that expels gas in one direction to move the oppo…
is the reaction force that propels a rocket forwards
is the speed in a given direction
is the velocity a rocket must achieve to establish an orbit a…
rocket
is a device that expels gas in one direction to move the oppo…
thrust
is the reaction force that propels a rocket forwards
18 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 and 3
rocket
thrust
velocity
satellite
A device that expels gas in one direction to move in the oppo…
A reaction force that propels a rocket forward.
Speed in a given direction.
An object that revolves around another object in space.
rocket
A device that expels gas in one direction to move in the oppo…
thrust
A reaction force that propels a rocket forward.
26 terms
Astronomy: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
inertia
a description of the solar system in which all the planets re…
a description of the solar system in which all the planets re…
an elongated circle, or oval shape; the shape of the planets'…
the tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
geocentric
a description of the solar system in which all the planets re…
heliocentric
a description of the solar system in which all the planets re…
23 terms
science chapter 2 and 3 astronomy
gravity
rocket
dwarf planet
orbital velocity
The attractive force between objects; the force that moves ob…
a device that expels gas in One Direction to move in the op…
An object that orbits the sun and is spherical, but has not c…
The velocity a rocket must achieve to establish an orbit arou…
gravity
The attractive force between objects; the force that moves ob…
rocket
a device that expels gas in One Direction to move in the op…
10 terms
Real Science 4 Kids Astronomy Level 1 Chapter 2 & 3
telescope
spyglass
hubble space telescope
a galaxy
an instrument used to see far away
Galileo modified this instrument to create first telescope
is a modern telescope that is in space and travels around the…
is a large group of solar system, stars and other objects in…
telescope
an instrument used to see far away
spyglass
Galileo modified this instrument to create first telescope
12 terms
Astronomy chapter 2 vocabulary
Nuclear fusion
Photosphere
Chromosphere
Corona
The process by which hydrogen atoms join together to form hel…
The inner layer of the sun's atmosphere.
The middle layer of the atmosphere.
The outer layer of the sun's atmosphere.
Nuclear fusion
The process by which hydrogen atoms join together to form hel…
Photosphere
The inner layer of the sun's atmosphere.
27 terms
Astronomy- Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Magnetic field
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
A magnetic field has a north and south pole, Earth's magnetic…
An axis is an imaginary line passing through the North and So…
The Earth spinning on its axis
Earth spins on its axis and also orbits around the Sun
Magnetic field
A magnetic field has a north and south pole, Earth's magnetic…
Axis
An axis is an imaginary line passing through the North and So…
24 terms
Chapter 2 Astronomy Vocabulary
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Ellipse
Inertia
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
An elongated circle or oval shape; the shape of the planets'…
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
Geocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
Heliocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
44 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2
Time
True
88
Zenith
What do constellations mark?
True or false: Shapes stay the same over thousands of years
How many constellations are there over the whole celestial sp…
Point in the sky directly above the observer
Time
What do constellations mark?
True
True or false: Shapes stay the same over thousands of years
52 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
constellation
celestial sphere
north celestial pole
south celestial pole
a region of the sky with well-defined borders; the familiar p…
the imaginary sphere in the sky appear to reside when observe…
the point directly over Earth's North Pole
the point directly over Earth's South Pole
constellation
a region of the sky with well-defined borders; the familiar p…
celestial sphere
the imaginary sphere in the sky appear to reside when observe…
24 terms
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Astronomy
geocentric
heliocentric
ellipse
inertia
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
An elongated circle, or oval shape; the shape of the planet's…
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
geocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
heliocentric
A description of the solar system in which all of the planets…
45 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
acceleration
aphelion
astronomical unit (AU)
configuration (of a planet)
A change in the direction or magnitude of a velocity
The point in its orbit where a planet or other solar system b…
The average distance between the Earth and the Sun: 1.5 X 10^…
A particular geometric arrangement of Earth, a planet, and th…
acceleration
A change in the direction or magnitude of a velocity
aphelion
The point in its orbit where a planet or other solar system b…
29 terms
Astronomy vocabulary chapter 2
Acceleration
Angular momentum
Aphelion
Astronomical unit
Change in the directionor magnitude of a velocity
Measure of how much energy an object has stored in it's rotat…
The point in it's orbit where a planet or other solar system…
Average unit between the earth and the sun
Acceleration
Change in the directionor magnitude of a velocity
Angular momentum
Measure of how much energy an object has stored in it's rotat…
14 terms
Astronomy chapter 2, vocabulary
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Inertia
Nuclear fusion
Earth is the center of the revolving planets.
Earth and other planets revolve around the sun.
The tendency of a moving object to continue in a straight lin…
The process by which hydrogen atoms join together to form hel…
Geocentric
Earth is the center of the revolving planets.
Heliocentric
Earth and other planets revolve around the sun.
18 terms
Astronomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Constellation
Asterism
Magnitude Scale
Apparent Visual Magnitude
A group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
A prominent pattern or group of stars, typically having popul…
Used by seismologist to measure the size of earthquakes in te…
The magnitude of a star as it appears to an observer on the E…
Constellation
A group of stars forming a recognizable pattern that is tradi…
Asterism
A prominent pattern or group of stars, typically having popul…
8 terms
chapter 2 astronomy vocabulary
apparent solar day
apparent solar time
autumnal equinox
celestial equator
amount of time that passes between sun and meridian
time kept according to the actual position of the sun in the…
the point in the sky where the sun appears to cross the celes…
the circle where earths equator if extended outward into spac…
apparent solar day
amount of time that passes between sun and meridian
apparent solar time
time kept according to the actual position of the sun in the…
16 terms
Chapter 2 Astronomy Vocabulary
Sphere
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
A round, three-dimesional object.
The imaginary vertical line around which Earth spins.
The spinning of Earth on it's axis.
Earth's yearly orbit around the Sun.
Sphere
A round, three-dimesional object.
Axis
The imaginary vertical line around which Earth spins.
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