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Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 10"

8 terms
Science - Chapter 10 Vocabulary
solar energy
humus
solar cells
ore
The energy given off by the sun.
A dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
Electric cells that convert the Sun's energy into electricity.
A mineral-rich rock deposit that can be removed from Earth's…
solar energy
The energy given off by the sun.
humus
A dark brown part of soil that is made up of decomposed plant…
24 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
21 terms
Science 9 Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Current Electricity
Joule (J)
Battery
Load
- electric charges flowing in a circuit through a conductor i…
- the SI unit for measuring energy
- a combination of two or more electric cells
- any device that converts electrical energy into another for…
Current Electricity
- electric charges flowing in a circuit through a conductor i…
Joule (J)
- the SI unit for measuring energy
12 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary Weather and Climate
barometer
anemometer
wind vane
water cycle
tool used to measure air pressure
tool used to measure wind speed
tool used to show wind direction
movement of water from the Earth's surface to its atmosphere…
barometer
tool used to measure air pressure
anemometer
tool used to measure wind speed
15 terms
Science - Chapter 10 - Ecosystems Vocabulary
ecosystem
ecology
habitat
biotic factor
The community of organisms in an area, along with their non…
The study of how living things interact with each other and…
The place where an organism lives and where it obtains all…
A living part of an organism's habitat.
ecosystem
The community of organisms in an area, along with their non…
ecology
The study of how living things interact with each other and…
151 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 10
Atom
Compound
Element
Heterogeneous Mixture
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
A substance made of only one kind of atom.
A mixture in which the substances are not evenly mixed.
Atom
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
Compound
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
30 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Condensation
Evaporation
Aquifer
Cavern
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
* Layer of rock or sediment that allows water to pass through…
* This is another word for cave
Condensation
* The process by which vapor changes back into a liquid
Evaporation
* The process in which heat energy of the sun causes the wate…
10 terms
Earth science chapter 10 vocabulary
Mt. Saint Helens
caldera
stratovolcanoes
shield volcanoes
stratovolcano that erupted in 1980; located in Washington state
large depression in a volcano typically caused by a collapse…
volcanoes that produce the most explosive eruptions
volcanoes that have a shape of a broad, slightly domed struct…
Mt. Saint Helens
stratovolcano that erupted in 1980; located in Washington state
caldera
large depression in a volcano typically caused by a collapse…
32 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 10
Acute Exposure
Allergens
Bioaccumulation
Biomagnification
High levels of exposure over a short period
substances that produce allergic reactions
the accumulation of a substance, such as a toxic chemical, in…
accumulation of pollutants at successive levels of the food c…
Acute Exposure
High levels of exposure over a short period
Allergens
substances that produce allergic reactions
24 terms
Life Science Chapter 10
kingdom Plantae
botany
node
taproot system
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell w…
the scientific study of plants
The point of attachment of a leaf on a stem.
Root system made up of one large root and many small, thin ro…
kingdom Plantae
multicellular eukaryotes that photosynthesize, contain cell w…
botany
the scientific study of plants
8 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
solar cells
recycling
petroleum
conservation
electric cells that convert the sun's energy into electricity
saving, collecting, or using materials again instead of turni…
a crude oil that is found in rock
using only what you need as efficiently as possible
solar cells
electric cells that convert the sun's energy into electricity
recycling
saving, collecting, or using materials again instead of turni…
26 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 10
Habitat
Groundwater
Water Cycle
Evaporation
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid abs…
Habitat
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
Groundwater
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
29 terms
Life Science: Chapter 10 Vocabulary
organ system
involuntary muscle
joint
ligament
a group of organs that work together
a muscle that you cannot control
a place where bones meet or connect
strong connective tissue that connects two bones at a joint
organ system
a group of organs that work together
involuntary muscle
a muscle that you cannot control
14 terms
Science - Chapter 10 - Vocabulary
gas
compound
solution
mass
a substance without a definite volume or shape
a type of matter made of two or more elements
a mixture in which substances are spread out evenly and will…
the amount of matter in a solid, liquid, or gas
gas
a substance without a definite volume or shape
compound
a type of matter made of two or more elements
19 terms
Earth Science Chapter 10
Weather
Air pressure
Barometer
Humidity
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Force of air against a unit of area
Instrument used to measure air pressure
Amount of water vapor in the air
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Air pressure
Force of air against a unit of area
15 terms
HOLT EARTH SCIENCE CHAPTER 10
continental drift
mid-oceans ridges
sea-floor spreading
paleomagnetism
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
the process by which new oceanic lithosphere (sea floor) form…
the study of the alignment of magnetic minerals in rock, spec…
continental drift
the hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
mid-oceans ridges
a long, undersea mountain chain that has a steep, narrow vall…
Earth science chapter 10 vocabulary
continental drift
pangea
seafloor spreading
plate tectonics
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away fr…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
pangea
A supercontinent containing all of Earth's land that existed…
10 terms
Chapter 10 Science Definitions
Gravity
Weight
Scale
Mass
A pull that every object exerts on every other object and tha…
A measure of how much earth's gravity pulls down on a object
Measures the effects of gravity on an object by measuring wei…
The amount of matter in an object
Gravity
A pull that every object exerts on every other object and tha…
Weight
A measure of how much earth's gravity pulls down on a object
10 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
water cycle
evaporation
condensation
precipitation
the repeated movement of water through the environment in dif…
the changing of a liquid such as water to a gas
a gas such as water vapor turns into a liquid
the water falls from clouds as rain snow sleet or hail
water cycle
the repeated movement of water through the environment in dif…
evaporation
the changing of a liquid such as water to a gas
10 terms
Chapter 10 Science
matter
buoyancy
mass
solid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The upward push of water or air on an object
The amount of matter that makes up an object
matter that has a definite shape and a definite mass
matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
buoyancy
The upward push of water or air on an object
16 terms
Chapter 10 Science Vocabulary
Friction
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
Rolling Friction
A force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub a…
The friction that acts on objects that are not moving.
When two solid surfaces slide over each other.
When an object rolls across a surface.
Friction
A force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub a…
Static Friction
The friction that acts on objects that are not moving.
17 terms
Science Chapter 10
natural resource
2 ways farmers help maintain the soil
water
groundwater
a material in nature that God made for our use
1. controlling erosion... 2. replacing nutrients
basic need of most land animals and plants
source of most fresh water
natural resource
a material in nature that God made for our use
2 ways farmers help maintain the soil
1. controlling erosion... 2. replacing nutrients
23 terms
Science Chapter 10
Force
Newton (N)
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
A force is a push or pull
The SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force
The combination,or cumulative effect,of all the forces
Unbalanced forces will cause the velocity to change
Force
A force is a push or pull
Newton (N)
The SI unit for the magnitude, or strength of a force
9 terms
Chapter 10- Science Vocabulary
Axis
Rotation
Revolution
moon phases
a line which you can not see that runs through the center of…
the spinning of earth on its axis
the movement of earth one time around the sun
the different shapes that the moon seems to have in the sky w…
Axis
a line which you can not see that runs through the center of…
Rotation
the spinning of earth on its axis
16 terms
3 Science Chapter 10
orbit
sun
planet
astroids
the path around the sun
a ball of burning gas
a ball of rock or gas that orbits a star
small rocky objects in space that orbit the sun
orbit
the path around the sun
sun
a ball of burning gas
32 terms
Science 5B Chapter 10
crest
amplitude
trough
wavelength
highest point of a wave
the maximum displacement or height on a wave
lowest point of a wave
the horizontal distance between two corresponding parts of a…
crest
highest point of a wave
amplitude
the maximum displacement or height on a wave
10 terms
Chapter 10 LIFE SCIENCE
adaption
species
evolution
fossil
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
Change over time
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
adaption
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
species
(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
49 terms
Science 10, Chapter 10
Air mass
Albedo
Angle of incidence
Atmospheres
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
The angle between a ray reaching a surface and a line perpend…
Layers of gases that extend above planets' surfaces
Air mass
A large body of air with similar temperature and humidity thr…
Albedo
The amount of radiation reflected by a surface
10 terms
Science Chapter 10 vocabulary
water cycle
evaporation
condensation
precipitation
repeated movement of water through the environment in differe…
the changing of a liquid to a gas
the process in which a gas turns into a liquid
water that falls from clouds as rain, snow, sleet or hail
water cycle
repeated movement of water through the environment in differe…
evaporation
the changing of a liquid to a gas
Chapter 10 Science Vocabulary
ASTHENOSPHERE
CONTINENTAL DRIFT
CONVECTION CURRENT
LITHOSPHERE
PLASTICLIKE LAYER OF EARTH PN WHICH LITHOSPHERIC PLATES FLOAT…
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
Current in the Earth's mantle that transfers heat in Earth's…
Rigid layer of Earth a out 100km thick made of the crust and…
ASTHENOSPHERE
PLASTICLIKE LAYER OF EARTH PN WHICH LITHOSPHERIC PLATES FLOAT…
CONTINENTAL DRIFT
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
28 terms
Science Vocabulary: Chapter 10
Organelles
Cell
Microscopic
Organism
Structures in a cell that help keep it alive
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
Can only be seen with a microscope
Any living thing that maintains vital life processes
Organelles
Structures in a cell that help keep it alive
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
13 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary List Science
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sea-Floor Spreading
Mid-Ocean Ridge
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200…
Process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to th…
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced;…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10: Force Vocabulary
Force
Net Force
Unbalanced force
Balanced force
A push or a pull
The sum of all forces acting on an object
Forces that change an object's motion
Equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions, will…
Force
A push or a pull
Net Force
The sum of all forces acting on an object
Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
speed -
average speed -
instantaneous speed -
velocity -
equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
equals the total distance divided by the total time to travel…
the speed of an object at one instance of time.
the speed of an object and the direction of the motion.
speed -
equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
average speed -
equals the total distance divided by the total time to travel…
11 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Mixture
A form of matter that has definite shape and volume
A form of matter that has definite volume but no definite shape
A form f matter that has definite no definite shape or volume
A physical combination of two or more substances
Solid
A form of matter that has definite shape and volume
Liquid
A form of matter that has definite volume but no definite shape
11 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
condensation
evaporation
gas
liquid
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
the change in state from a liquid to a gas; slow or gradual v…
a form of matter that has no definite shape or volume
a form of matter that has a definite volume, but no definite…
condensation
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
evaporation
the change in state from a liquid to a gas; slow or gradual v…
11 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Mixture
Form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Form of matter that has a definite form of matter, but no def…
A form of matter that does not have a definite shape or volume
A physical combination of two or more substances
Solid
Form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Liquid
Form of matter that has a definite form of matter, but no def…
8 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
air pressure
atmosphere
condensation
evaporation
the weight of air as it presses down on Earth's surface
the layer of gases that act as a blanket around the Earth
the change of state from a gas to a liquid
the change of state from a liquid to a gas
air pressure
the weight of air as it presses down on Earth's surface
atmosphere
the layer of gases that act as a blanket around the Earth
15 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary-Science
periodic table
group
period
metal
chart with elements ordered by properties
columns on a table
rows on a table
element is shiny, pulled into wire, can be a thin sheet, cond…
periodic table
chart with elements ordered by properties
group
columns on a table
14 terms
Science Chapter 10 vocabulary
Natural resource
Renewable
Desalination
nonrenewable
A material found in nature that is useful to humans
Capable of being replenished or replaced
The process of removing salt from seawater to obtain freshwater
Not capable of being replenished or replaced sufficient.
Natural resource
A material found in nature that is useful to humans
Renewable
Capable of being replenished or replaced
14 terms
Science Vocabulary chapter 10
sex chromosomes
sex linked gene
carrier
genetic disorder
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
a gene that is carried on a sex (x or y) chromosome
a person who has one recessive allele and one dominant allele…
an abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or…
sex chromosomes
a pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a…
sex linked gene
a gene that is carried on a sex (x or y) chromosome
12 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 10
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Seafloor Spreading
Plate Tectonics
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
Large ancient landmass that was composed of all the continent…
Hess's theory that new seafloor is formed when magma is force…
Theory that Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into pl…
Continental Drift
Wegener's hypothesis that all continents were once connected…
Pangaea
Large ancient landmass that was composed of all the continent…
10 terms
Chapter 10 Science Vocabulary
Adaptation
Species
Evolution
Fossil
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
The process in which inherited characteristics within a popul…
The trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most…
Adaptation
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to sur…
Species
A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to…
39 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Habitat
Groundwater
Water Cycle
Evaporation
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oce…
The process by which molecules at the surface of a liquid abs…
Habitat
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
Groundwater
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
18 terms
Science Chapter 10. Vocabulary
Fossil
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Carbon film
Preserved remains or evidence of ancient living things
Conditions and organisms change in quick, violent events
Geologic processes that occur today are similar to those in t…
The fossilized carbon outline of an organism
Fossil
Preserved remains or evidence of ancient living things
Catastrophism
Conditions and organisms change in quick, violent events
17 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Allele
Dominant Allele
Probability
Sex Chromosomes
a different form of a gene
the trait that always shows up in an organism if the allele i…
the number that describes how likely it is that an event will…
one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell; they ca…
Allele
a different form of a gene
Dominant Allele
the trait that always shows up in an organism if the allele i…
15 terms
Chapter 10 science vocabulary
Mitosis
Chromosome
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
The process in which the nucleus divides to form two identica…
A structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material.
A new organism is produced from one organism.
The process in which two sex cells come together called an eg…
Mitosis
The process in which the nucleus divides to form two identica…
Chromosome
A structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material.
11 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
solid
liquid
gas
mixture
a form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
a form of matter that has a definite volume, but no definite…
a form of matter that has no definite shape or volume
a physical combination of two or more substances
solid
a form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
liquid
a form of matter that has a definite volume, but no definite…
15 terms
Chapter 10 Science Vocabulary
Mitosis
Chromatid
Interphase
prophase
part of eukaryotic cell division during which cell nucleus di…
one of two identical "sister" parts of duplicated chromosome
period of cell cycle between cell divisions
1st & longest phase of mitosis where chromosomes become visib…
Mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which cell nucleus di…
Chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of duplicated chromosome
17 terms
Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Heredity
Trait
Fertilization
Purebred
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
specific characteristic... hight ,color
Joining of egg and sperm
offspring of many generations that have the same form of a tr…
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Trait
specific characteristic... hight ,color
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