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Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 8 earth space"

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Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 8 earth space"

40 terms
Earth & Space Science Chapter 8
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Geologic time scale
Numerical dates
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
The division of Earth history into blocks of time, such as eo…
Dates that specify the actual number of years that have passe…
Catastrophism
The belief that Earth's varied landscapes had been fashioned…
Uniformitarianism
The physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate toda…
7 terms
Science Chapter 8 Earth and Space
Solar System
Planet
Orbit
Star
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
The path a planet takes as it moves around another object
A big ball of hot gases that gives off light and heat energy.…
Solar System
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
Planet
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
13 terms
Chapter 8 Science - Earth in Space Vocabulary
sphere
rotate
axis
revolve
a body that has the shape of a ball or globe
to turn around
a real or imaginary line through the center of a spinning obj…
to move around another object
sphere
a body that has the shape of a ball or globe
rotate
to turn around
32 terms
Science: Earth and Space Chapter 8
meteorology
precipitation
evaporation
condensation
the study of weather and of the atmospheric condition
the water that falls to the earth,including rain, sleet, hail…
the process from liquid to gas
the process from gas to liquid
meteorology
the study of weather and of the atmospheric condition
precipitation
the water that falls to the earth,including rain, sleet, hail…
15 terms
Science Chapter 8 - Earth and Space
sun
rotation
seasons
stars
star closest to the Earth
Earth's spinning motion
caused by changes in the Earth's tilt
objects in space made of hot gases
sun
star closest to the Earth
rotation
Earth's spinning motion
86 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
37 terms
Earth Space Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Earthquake
Faults
Hypocenter
Focus
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred.
The zone within Earth where rock displacement produces an ear…
The zone within Earth where rock displacement produces an ear…
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
Faults
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred.
30 terms
Earth Space Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Earthquake
Faults
Focus
Epicenter
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred.
The zone within Earth where rock displacement produces an ear…
The location on Earth's surface that lies directly above the…
Earthquake
The vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.
Faults
A break in a rock mass along which movement has occurred.
112 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
scientists who study meteorology
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
56 terms
Science Earth and Space Chapter 8
Weather
Climate
Meteorology
Heat energy, uneven distribution of he…
The state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
The year-round atmospheric conditions typical of a certain pl…
The study of the weather and of the atmospheric conditions th…
Three factors that affect weather
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
Climate
The year-round atmospheric conditions typical of a certain pl…
33 terms
Science Chapter 8 - Earth in space
Artificial satellites
Asteroid
Asteroid belt
Comet
Satellites placed into orbit by humans
An irregular rocky object in orbit around the sun in a band b…
A group of rocks that orbit the sun in a band between Mars an…
A ball of ice, dust and rock that orbits the sun in a highly…
Artificial satellites
Satellites placed into orbit by humans
Asteroid
An irregular rocky object in orbit around the sun in a band b…
13 terms
Science Earth and Space Chapter 8
Weather
Climate
Meteorology
Melting
The state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
The year round weather typical of a certain place
The study of weather and the atmospheric conditions.
The process of a solid turning into a liquid
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
Climate
The year round weather typical of a certain place
32 terms
Science: Earth and Space Chapter 8
meteorology
precipitation
evaporation
condensation
the study of weather and of the atmospheric condition
the water that falls to the earth,including rain, sleet, hail…
the process from liquid to gas
the process from gas to liquid
meteorology
the study of weather and of the atmospheric condition
precipitation
the water that falls to the earth,including rain, sleet, hail…
37 terms
Space & Earth Science Chapter 8: Space Exploration
rocket
When were rockets first used?
third law of motion (developed by Sir…
Sir William Congreve
a device that moves by pushing matter (usually hot gasses) ou…
by the Chinese in 1232 to defend the city of K'ai Fung-Foo ag…
for every action (or force), there is an equal but opposite r…
developed the Congreve rocket
rocket
a device that moves by pushing matter (usually hot gasses) ou…
When were rockets first used?
by the Chinese in 1232 to defend the city of K'ai Fung-Foo ag…
115 terms
Earth and Space Science Chapter 8
weather
climate
meteorology
dew
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
water vapor that touches the cooler ground and condenses
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year round weather typical of a certain place
56 terms
Science Earth and Space Chapter 8
Weather
Climate
Meteorology
Heat energy, uneven distribution of he…
The state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
The year-round atmospheric conditions typical of a certain pl…
The study of the weather and of the atmospheric conditions th…
Three factors that affect weather
Weather
The state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
Climate
The year-round atmospheric conditions typical of a certain pl…
Science Earth and Space Chapter 8 Test
Cirrostratus
Stratus
Stratocumulus
Altostratus
Extended curls, clouds that are thin, translucent and spread…
Low leveled clouds that characterized by horizontal layering
The most frequent type of cloud
High and extended: clouds that are flat; sheetlike clouds tha…
Cirrostratus
Extended curls, clouds that are thin, translucent and spread…
Stratus
Low leveled clouds that characterized by horizontal layering
25 terms
Earth and Space Chapter 8 Vocabulary
topography
elevation
relief
landform
the shape of the land detemined by elevation, relief, and lan…
height above sea level
the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest pa…
a feature of topography formed by the processes that shape Ea…
topography
the shape of the land detemined by elevation, relief, and lan…
elevation
height above sea level
Chapter 8-Earth in Space Vocabulary
sphere
rotate
axis
revolve
A body that has the shape of a ball or globe.
To turn around
A real or imaginary line through the center of a spinning obj…
To move around another object.
sphere
A body that has the shape of a ball or globe.
rotate
To turn around
16 terms
Florida Earth & Space Science Chapter 8.3
What is radioactive decay?
What happens to the elements of an ato…
The rate of decay of each radioactive…
What is the half life of a radioactive…
Some elements break down or decay over time. These elements r…
During radioactive decay the atoms of one element break down…
True.
The half life of a radioactive element is the time it takes f…
What is radioactive decay?
Some elements break down or decay over time. These elements r…
What happens to the elements of an ato…
During radioactive decay the atoms of one element break down…
16 terms
Earth & Space Science- chapter 8- 7th grade
isostasy
subsidence
uplift
compression
the equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mant…
the downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
the upward vertical motion of Earth's surface
squeezing stress
isostasy
the equilibrium between continental crust and the denser mant…
subsidence
the downward vertical motion of Earth's surface
22 terms
Florida Earth and Space Science Chapter 8.2
What are the 2 ways that geologists us…
What is the law of superposition?
What can scientists learn from studyin…
What other 2 things do scientists stud…
1. Relative age. The age of a rock compared to another rock.…
According to the law of superposition, in undisturbed horizon…
The layers of rock in the Grand Canyon form a record of Earth…
To determine relative age, scientists also study extrusions a…
What are the 2 ways that geologists us…
1. Relative age. The age of a rock compared to another rock.…
What is the law of superposition?
According to the law of superposition, in undisturbed horizon…
22 terms
EARTH SPACE CHAPTER 8
absolute age
amber
angular uncomformity
bedding plane
the numeric age of an object or event
hardened tree sap
the boundary between a set of tilted layers and a set of hori…
the boundary between two beds
absolute age
the numeric age of an object or event
amber
hardened tree sap
22 terms
Space and Earth Science Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
11 terms
Florida Earth and Space Science Chapter 8.1
Give an example of a trace fossil.
What help do we get from trace fossils?
Give an example of a substance that ca…
What is amber?
A fossilized footprint. A print is buried by sediment which s…
Trace fossils provide evidence of the activities of ancient o…
Amber. Freezing can also preserve remains.
A sticky tar or tree resin that hardens and becomes amber.
Give an example of a trace fossil.
A fossilized footprint. A print is buried by sediment which s…
What help do we get from trace fossils?
Trace fossils provide evidence of the activities of ancient o…
20 terms
Earth/Space Science vocab chapter 8
Volcano
Igneous
Vent
Lava
A depositional mountain landform built from solid- ified magm…
Anything having to do with molten earth materials, including…
An opening in the earth's crust from which lava and gases can…
Liquid magma that has escaped from the earth's interior
Volcano
A depositional mountain landform built from solid- ified magm…
Igneous
Anything having to do with molten earth materials, including…
5 terms
Chapter 8 Exploring Space Section 4 Using Space Science on Earth
vacuum
microgravity
space spinoff
remote sensing
A place that is empty of all matter.
The condition of experiencing weightlessness in orbit.
An item that has uses on Earth but was originally developed f…
The collection of information about Earth and other objects i…
vacuum
A place that is empty of all matter.
microgravity
The condition of experiencing weightlessness in orbit.
22 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
planet
ellipse
focus
perihelion
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
a flattened circle
point used to define an ellipse (two are used); the closer th…
when a planet is at its closest to the sun
planet
a large object orbiting a star that doesn't produce light of…
ellipse
a flattened circle
20 terms
Chapter 8 Earth/ Space Science Vocab
Earthquake
Epicenter
Focus
Faults
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
Point at the depth where the rocks ruptured to produce earthq…
Breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each ot…
Earthquake
Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting f…
Epicenter
The point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquake's f…
52 terms
Earth, Space Science Chapter 8 study guide
Fault definition
Focus (or hypocenter)
epicenter
Where do earthquakes tend to occur?
a break in rock mass(lithosphere) along which movement has oc…
the location where slippages begins within the earth where an…
location on the surface directly above the focus.
Along preexisting faults where internal stresses have caused…
Fault definition
a break in rock mass(lithosphere) along which movement has oc…
Focus (or hypocenter)
the location where slippages begins within the earth where an…
31 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Milky Way
electromagnetic waves
neutrino
wavelength
our galaxy
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
tiny particles that travel at the speed of light and can move…
the distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the n…
Milky Way
our galaxy
electromagnetic waves
a form of energy that can be transmitted through a vacuum (no…
34 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 1 Vocabulary
science
faith
scientism
cosmologist
the total collection of knowledge gained through man's observ…
confident belief in the authority or reliability of something…
the belief that scientific inquiry is the only path to truth
a scientist who theorizes about the beginning of the universe
science
the total collection of knowledge gained through man's observ…
faith
confident belief in the authority or reliability of something…
37 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
111 terms
Science Earth and Space Chapter 8 Test Review
heavy snowfall
snow squall
flurries
freezing rain
accumulates 4 in. or more in less than 12 hours
a brief but intense snowfall
brief periods of light snowfall with little or no accumulation
when supercooled raindrops touch a freezing surface and turn…
heavy snowfall
accumulates 4 in. or more in less than 12 hours
snow squall
a brief but intense snowfall
24 terms
Abeka Earth and Space Science Chapter 8 Review
weather
climate
meteorology
meteorologists
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
the year-round weather typical of a certain place
the study of weather and of the atmospheric conditions that p…
study weather
weather
the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place
climate
the year-round weather typical of a certain place
41 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
constellation
gnomon
quadrant
refractor telescope
a named pattern of stars
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
navigational instrument used to measure a star's position abo…
a telescope that uses only lenses to concentrate the light fr…
constellation
a named pattern of stars
gnomon
upright object set in place to cast a shadow in sunlight for…
earth and space science chapter 8-NEw
the basic idea of the Rutherford atomi…
Nearly all the volume occupied by matt…
the atomic number of an element is the…
the atoms of the isotopes of an elemen…
concentrated at its center
nothing
protons in its nucleus
number of neutrons, atomic mass
the basic idea of the Rutherford atomi…
concentrated at its center
Nearly all the volume occupied by matt…
nothing
21 terms
Chapter 8 & 9 Science Earth and Space
Atom
Molecule
Compound
Physical properties
smallest unit of an element
two or more atoms chemically combined
two or more elements chemically combined
observable characteristic of a substance that will not change…
Atom
smallest unit of an element
Molecule
two or more atoms chemically combined
12 terms
Earth/Space chapter 8
Earthquake
Fault
Elastic Rebound
Seismograph
vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
fractures in earth where movement has occured
explanation for the release of energy stored in deformed rocks
a device that records ground movements caused by seismic wave…
Earthquake
vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
Fault
fractures in earth where movement has occured
35 terms
Earth/Space Science Vocabulary
anemometer
axis
barometer
cardinal points or directions
spinning cups - measure wind speed
an imaginary line of spin through Earth's center
measures air pressure
north, south, east, west
anemometer
spinning cups - measure wind speed
axis
an imaginary line of spin through Earth's center
22 terms
Chapter 8 earth and space
Strike-slip fault (plate boundary)
Compression in subduction zone (boundary
Reverse fault (boundary)
2plates sliding past eachother side- b…
Transform boundary
Convergent boundary
Convergent boundary
Transform boundary
Strike-slip fault (plate boundary)
Transform boundary
Compression in subduction zone (boundary
Convergent boundary
100 terms
Chapter 8,9,10 Earth and Space science
240,000 miles
the sun
silicon dioxide
43%
how far away is the moon from the earth
the moon gets its light by reflecting the ______
moon's dust contains_______
percent of mass of the lunar soil is oxygen
240,000 miles
how far away is the moon from the earth
the sun
the moon gets its light by reflecting the ______
30 terms
BJU Space and Earth Science Chapter 2 Vocabulary
geocentric theory
Ptolemaic theory
eccentric
retrograde motion
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
when a planet is orbiting something but that something is not…
stopping and then backing up
geocentric theory
old idea of the universe where earth is at the center
Ptolemaic theory
a geocentric model of the universe by an Egyptian named Ptolemy
31 terms
Earth and Space Science 8.2
cloud
adiabatic cooling
shape and height
cumulus
when the temperature falls below the dew point, the air's wat…
most clouds result from ____________ ___________ of moist air
meteorologists classify clouds into ten basic categories base…
a heap, clouds that are white, billowy clouds that resemble p…
cloud
when the temperature falls below the dew point, the air's wat…
adiabatic cooling
most clouds result from ____________ ___________ of moist air
72 terms
Earth/Space chapter 8
Earthquake
Focus
Epicenter
Fault
vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
the point in earth where an earthquake starts
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of…
fractures in earth where movement has occured
Earthquake
vibration of earth produced by rapid release of energy
Focus
the point in earth where an earthquake starts
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