Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 8 sections"

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Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 8 sections"

11 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Rotation
Stars
Saturn
Inner Planets
The spinning of the Earth.
An object made of hot glowing gases. They can be white, yello…
An outer planet that has rings.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Rotation
The spinning of the Earth.
Stars
An object made of hot glowing gases. They can be white, yello…
Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Science
crust
mantle
core
landform
the layer of the Earth in which we live. Made of different ki…
the middle layer of the Earth. It is made of hot igneous and…
the innermost layer of the Earth. It is packed so tightly tha…
solid feature formed on Earth's crust
crust
the layer of the Earth in which we live. Made of different ki…
mantle
the middle layer of the Earth. It is made of hot igneous and…
23 terms
Science Chapter 8 Sections 1-4 Vocabulary
oragnism
cell
homeostasis
binomial nomenclature
anything that can live on its own
Basic unit of life
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
A system for giving each organism a two-word scientific name…
oragnism
anything that can live on its own
cell
Basic unit of life
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Lava
Magma
Lahar
Felsic
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface
Liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
Deadly mudflow that forms when volcanic ash and debris mix wi…
Describes magma, lava, or igneous rock that is rich in feldsp…
Lava
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface
Magma
Liquid rock produced under Earth's surface
23 terms
Chapter 8 Earth Science Vocabulary
Earthquake
fault
focus
seismic waves
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
the point where energy from an earthquake originates
waves traveling through Earth transferring energy released du…
Earthquake
vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy
fault
fracture in Earth along which movement has or can occur
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate
photosynthesis
organisms that make their own food, such as plants. They use…
an animal that cannot use the sun directly and obtains energy…
a principal chemical compound that cells use to store and rel…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organisms that make their own food, such as plants. They use…
heterotroph
an animal that cannot use the sun directly and obtains energy…
11 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
battery
conductor
electric charges
electric circuit
A device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy
the material through which charged particles flow easily
Units of energy that are positive or negative
The pathway that electric current flows
battery
A device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy
conductor
the material through which charged particles flow easily
12 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
sediment
crust
core
weathering
bits of rock, sand, and remains of once-living things
the outer layer of earth
the innermost layer of earth
slow wearing away of rock into smaller pieces
sediment
bits of rock, sand, and remains of once-living things
crust
the outer layer of earth
32 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
wave
energy
medium
mechanical wave
disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
ability to move an object some distance
material through which a wave travels
wave that requires a medium through which to travel
wave
disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
energy
ability to move an object some distance
10 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
rotation
revolution
axis
phases
once every 24 hours Earth completes one
when one object travels around another
a real or imaginary line that an object spins around.
the apparent shapes of the Moon in the sky
rotation
once every 24 hours Earth completes one
revolution
when one object travels around another
Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Carnivore
Predator
Food Chain
Food Web
An animal that eats only other animals
An animal that hunts other animals for food
The path of food energy in an ecosystem as one living things…
Two or more food chains that overlap
Carnivore
An animal that eats only other animals
Predator
An animal that hunts other animals for food
10 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic waves
the study of earthquakes
the bending, tilting and breaking of the Earth's crust; the c…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earthy, away from a…
seismology
the study of earthquakes
deformation
the bending, tilting and breaking of the Earth's crust; the c…
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
eroded material that settles on land or on the bottoms of lak…
formed from layers of sediment that are stuck together by cla…
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
31 terms
science Chapter 8 section 1 vocabulary
organism
habitat
biotic factor
abiotic factor
gets food, water, shelter and other things it needs to live g…
an environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
the parts of a habitat that are living or once living and int…
are the nonliving parts of an organism's habitat.
organism
gets food, water, shelter and other things it needs to live g…
habitat
an environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
122 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 8
Atom
Compound
Element
Heterogeneous Mixture
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
A substance made of only one kind of atom.
A mixture in which the substances are not evenly mixed.
Atom
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
Compound
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
15 terms
Science Vocabulary- Chapter 8 sections 2 and 4
nucleus
organ
organ system
cell wall
part of a cell that controls most of the cell's activities
a structure made up of two or more different types of tissues…
a group of organs that work together to do a certain job
a tough rigid, outer covering that protects some cells and gi…
nucleus
part of a cell that controls most of the cell's activities
organ
a structure made up of two or more different types of tissues…
7 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
air mass
front
rain gauge
convection current
a large body of air with similar properties all through it.
a boundary between two air masses.
a tool used to measure how much rain has fallen.
when solids, gases, or liquids rise and sink in a looping path.
air mass
a large body of air with similar properties all through it.
front
a boundary between two air masses.
13 terms
Science 8 Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Force
Friction
Gravitation
Magnetic force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
The force of attraction between 2 objects because they have m…
A pushing or pulling force that acts on certain metals and co…
Force
A push or pull that acts on an object
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between 2 touching surf…
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Addison Science
Compound Machine
Effort
Force
Friction
a machine made of more than one simple machine
force that is used to do work
A push or a pull
A force that opposes motion
Compound Machine
a machine made of more than one simple machine
Effort
force that is used to do work
23 terms
Chapter 8 Life Science Vocabulary
Protist
Flagellum
algae
cilia
One or many celled organism that lives in moist or wet surrou…
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move
Plant-like protists
Hair-like projections on the cell surface used for locomotion…
Protist
One or many celled organism that lives in moist or wet surrou…
Flagellum
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move
6 terms
Science chapter 8 vocabulary
Minerals
Luster
Sediment
Sedimentary Rock
Natural,nonliving,solid crystals that make up rocks.
The way a mineral's surface reflects light
Any earth material that has been moved from one place to anot…
Rock that forms when sediments are cemented together and harden
Minerals
Natural,nonliving,solid crystals that make up rocks.
Luster
The way a mineral's surface reflects light
15 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8 Sections 3+4
Element
Compound
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Two or more elements chemically combined
Energy rich organic compound, such as sugar or starch, that i…
Energy rich organic compound, such as fat, oil or wax that is…
Element
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Compound
Two or more elements chemically combined
15 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocab
Earthquake
Fault
Focus
Seismic Waves
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
A fracture in earth along which movement has occurred.... (geolo…
The point within Earth where an earthquake originates.
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Earthquake
The shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Fault
A fracture in earth along which movement has occurred.... (geolo…
11 terms
Science Chapter 8, Section 1 Vocabulary
Deformation
Earthquake
Elastic Deformation
Elastic Rebound
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the vibrations produced by the breaking of rock.
When a material deforms as stress is applied, but snaps back…
The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its unrefor…
Deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
Earthquake
the vibrations produced by the breaking of rock.
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Work
Simple Machine
Wheel radius
Length
The transfer of energy to an object by using a force that cau…
any of the basic mechanical devices for applying a force, suc…
the distance from the center wheel to the rim of the outter e…
The measurement of the extent of something along its greatest…
Work
The transfer of energy to an object by using a force that cau…
Simple Machine
any of the basic mechanical devices for applying a force, suc…
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 8
Atom
Compound
Element
Heterogeneous Mixture
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
A substance made of only one kind of atom.
A mixture in which the substances are not evenly mixed.
Atom
A small particle that is the building block of matter.
Compound
A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically…
15 terms
Science - Chapter 8 - Vocabulary
weathering
inorganic matter
sedimentary
igneous
a slow process that breaks rocks into sediments
all the nonliving materials in the soil
rocks that form when layers of materials and rock particles s…
rocks that form when melted rock cools and hardens
weathering
a slow process that breaks rocks into sediments
inorganic matter
all the nonliving materials in the soil
Science chapter 8 Vocabulary
Atom
Compound
Electron
Chemical Symbol
The smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
A pure substance that is made of two or more elements that ar…
Negitivly charged particles
An abbreviation of the elements name ( Sometimes Latin or Gre…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
Compound
A pure substance that is made of two or more elements that ar…
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
wave
energy
medium
mechanical wave
disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
ability to move an object some distance
material through which a wave travels
wave that requires a medium through which to travel
wave
disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
energy
ability to move an object some distance
Chapter 8 vocabulary Science
electric motor
transformer
electromagnetic induction
electromagnet
device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy b…
device that uses electromagnetic induction to increase or dec…
process in which electric current is produced in a wire loop…
temporary magnet made by wrapping a wire coil, carrying a cur…
electric motor
device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy b…
transformer
device that uses electromagnetic induction to increase or dec…
CHAPTER 8 SCIENCE VOCABULARY
autotroph
heterotroph
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
one of the principal chemical compounds that living things us…
process by which plants and some other organisms use light en…
autotroph
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
heterotroph
organism that obtains energy from the foods it consumes; also…
20 terms
Chapter 8 vocabulary science
compound machine
first class lever
fulcrum
inclined plane
a machine made of more than one simple machine
system, the fulcrum or pivot point is located on the lever be…
the point on which a lever rests or is supported and on which…
a simple machine that is a straight, slanted surface, which f…
compound machine
a machine made of more than one simple machine
first class lever
system, the fulcrum or pivot point is located on the lever be…
12 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Atom
Compound
Electron
Element
the smallest particle of an element that has the properties o…
a pure substance made of two or more elements that are chemic…
a negatively charged particle that moves in the space around…
a substance that cannot be broken apart chemically into other…
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that has the properties o…
Compound
a pure substance made of two or more elements that are chemic…
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Alternation of generations
Embryo
Fruit
Generation
Occurs when the life cycle of an organism alternates between…
Immature diploid plant that develops from the zygote
Forms of an ovary and sometimes other plant parts of the flow…
Haploid and diploid stages in the life cycle of a plant
Alternation of generations
Occurs when the life cycle of an organism alternates between…
Embryo
Immature diploid plant that develops from the zygote
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
electric circuit
conductor
parallel circuit
electric charges
The pathway that an electric current follows.
A material through which negatively charged particles flow ea…
The parts of the circuit are connected so that the current pa…
Units of electricity carried by tiny particles.
electric circuit
The pathway that an electric current follows.
conductor
A material through which negatively charged particles flow ea…
12 terms
Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Waves
The study of earthquakes
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the earths crust; the c…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the earth and away from…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the earths crust; the c…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary (Rocks)
crust
rock
minerals
mantle
the outermost layer of Earth
solid material made up of one or more minerals
solid material found in the Earth's crust that has a definite…
thick layer of rock between the crust and the core
crust
the outermost layer of Earth
rock
solid material made up of one or more minerals
9 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
gravity
inertia
orbit
revolution
a force of attraction
the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
a path that one object takes around another object
One complete trip around the sun (365 1/4 days)
gravity
a force of attraction
inertia
the tendency of a moving object to keep moving in a straight…
8 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
genetics
pure bred
cross
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
An organism that always produces offspring with the same form…
The process of mating organisms to test how they inherit trai…
Offspring of two genetically unrelated individuals
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
pure bred
An organism that always produces offspring with the same form…
20 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
Archimedes' principle
Bernoulli's principle
Boyle's law
buoyant force
States that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equa…
States that as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressur…
States that the volume of a gas decreases when the pressure i…
Ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object imme…
Archimedes' principle
States that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equa…
Bernoulli's principle
States that as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressur…
14 terms
Science Vocabulary - Chapter 8
circuit
conductor
insulator
resistor
An unbroken path through which electricity can flow.
A material that allows electricity to flow through it.
A material that does not conduct electricity well.
A material that reduces the flow of electrons.
circuit
An unbroken path through which electricity can flow.
conductor
A material that allows electricity to flow through it.
5 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
convection current
air mass
front
rain gauge
gases or liquids rise and sink in a circular path
large body of air with similar properties all through it
boundary between two air masses
tool for measuring the amount of rain that has fallen
convection current
gases or liquids rise and sink in a circular path
air mass
large body of air with similar properties all through it
6 terms
Science chapter 8 vocabulary
mineral
luster
sediment
sedimentary rock
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
any earth material that has been moved from one place to anot…
rock that forms when sediments are cemented together and harden
mineral
natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
chapter 8 science vocabulary
Water cycle
Evaporation
Humidity
Relative humidity
The continuous movement of water between the atmosphere and e…
The process by which water molecules in liquid water absorb e…
A measure of the amount of water vapor in the air
The percentage of water vapor that is actually in the air com…
Water cycle
The continuous movement of water between the atmosphere and e…
Evaporation
The process by which water molecules in liquid water absorb e…
17 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Mammals
Vertebrates
Invertebrates
Larva
vertebrates whose body temperatures are regulated by their in…
animals with backbones
animals without a backbone
an immature form of an animal that looks very different from…
Mammals
vertebrates whose body temperatures are regulated by their in…
Vertebrates
animals with backbones
49 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
photosynthesis
tissue
chloroplast
vacuole
the process in which some organisms use water along with sunl…
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
a structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms t…
a sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
photosynthesis
the process in which some organisms use water along with sunl…
tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
science vocabulary chapter 8
indicator
alloy
salt
corrosion
something that changes colors to identify a substance as an a…
A pure metal mixed with other metals to improve hardness and…
a compound made of a metal and a nonmetal is a
the gradual eating away of a metal because it reacts chemical…
indicator
something that changes colors to identify a substance as an a…
alloy
A pure metal mixed with other metals to improve hardness and…
15 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
protist
algae
diatom
protozoans
a member of a group of eukaryotic organisms which have a memb…
plant-like protists that produce food through photosynthesis…
a type of microscopic plant-like protists with hard outer wall
protists that resemble tiny animals
protist
a member of a group of eukaryotic organisms which have a memb…
algae
plant-like protists that produce food through photosynthesis…
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
mass movement
creep
mudflow
landslide
down-slope movement of Earth materials due to gravity, that c…
the slow, steady downhill movement of loose weathered Earth m…
rapidly flowing often destructive mixture of mud and water
rapid down-slope movement of a mass of loose soil, rock, or d…
mass movement
down-slope movement of Earth materials due to gravity, that c…
creep
the slow, steady downhill movement of loose weathered Earth m…
12 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
seismology
deformation
elastic rebound
seismic wave
the study of earth quakes
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
a wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
seismology
the study of earth quakes
deformation
the bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
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