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Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "science vocabulary chapter 8"

12 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary- Magnetism and Electricity
repel
attract
series circuit
parallel circuit
when magnets push away- a north pushes away a north pole and…
when magnets pull together- a north pole pulls together with…
circuit in which electric current follows only one path
An electric circuit with multiple paths
repel
when magnets push away- a north pushes away a north pole and…
attract
when magnets pull together- a north pole pulls together with…
43 terms
Bednard - Chapter 8 Science
Red, rocky barren planet
Planet:Colorful cloud bands of tans, w…
Planet:No true atmosphere
First planet studied by Voyager
Mars
Jupiter
Mercury
Jupiter
Red, rocky barren planet
Mars
Planet:Colorful cloud bands of tans, w…
Jupiter
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8
fluid mechanics
fluid pressure
pascal
hydrostatic pressure
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
a given point in a body of water, the pressure is exerted equ…
the SI derived unit of pressure
water pressure due to depth
fluid mechanics
the study of how fluids flow and how forces and energy are tr…
fluid pressure
a given point in a body of water, the pressure is exerted equ…
9 terms
Science G1-Chapter 8-1
galaxy
bright
dim
pattern
the system of stars that contains our sun and its planets, se…
full of light; shining strongly
not bright
the regular way in which sth happens or is done
galaxy
the system of stars that contains our sun and its planets, se…
bright
full of light; shining strongly
14 terms
chapter 8 science -weather
hurricane
snow
tornado
warm front
a large tropical storm that has winds of at least 74 miles pe…
precipitation caused when water vapor turns directly into ice…
a fast spinning spiral of wind that touches the ground
the boundary where a warm air mass moves under a cols air mass
hurricane
a large tropical storm that has winds of at least 74 miles pe…
snow
precipitation caused when water vapor turns directly into ice…
29 terms
Science Chapter 8 Universe
The inner planets closest to the sun.
The outer planets have surfaces made o…
The planet with the most moons.
The planet with the hottest surface te…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Jupiter
Venus
The inner planets closest to the sun.
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars
The outer planets have surfaces made o…
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
16 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Isostasy
Subsidence
Compression
Tension
Is the equallibrium between comtinental crust and the denser…
The vertical downward movement of Earth surface
Squeezing stress
Stress that pulls something apart
Isostasy
Is the equallibrium between comtinental crust and the denser…
Subsidence
The vertical downward movement of Earth surface
13 terms
Chapter 8 vocabulary science
Rhizoids
Stomata
Nonvascular plants
Vascular plants
Structures that anchor a plant without transport tissue to a…
Small openings in the surfaces of most plant leaves
Plants that lack specialized tissues for transporting water a…
Have specialized tissues, called vascular tissues, that trans…
Rhizoids
Structures that anchor a plant without transport tissue to a…
Stomata
Small openings in the surfaces of most plant leaves
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 Work and Machines
joule
work
power
watt
the metric unit of work
What happens when an OBJECT CHANGES its POSITION by MOVING in…
the amount of work a person does within a given period of time
unit used to measure power
joule
the metric unit of work
work
What happens when an OBJECT CHANGES its POSITION by MOVING in…
14 terms
HMS BC SCIENCE 8 CHAPTER 8 VOCABULARY
FORCE
FRICTION
GRAVITATIONAL FORCE
MAGNETIC FORCE
A PUSH OR A PULL THAT ACTS ON AN OBJECT; CHANGES MOTION OR SH…
FORCE THAT OPPOSES THE SLIDING MOTION BETWEEN TWO TOUCHING SU…
THE ATTRACTIVE FORCE BETWEEN OBJECTS TO BE PULLED TOWARD THE…
THE PUSHING OR PULLING FORCE THAT ACTS ON CERTAIN METALS AND…
FORCE
A PUSH OR A PULL THAT ACTS ON AN OBJECT; CHANGES MOTION OR SH…
FRICTION
FORCE THAT OPPOSES THE SLIDING MOTION BETWEEN TWO TOUCHING SU…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Static Electricty
Law of Conservation of Change
Electric Field
Conducter
The build up of charges on an object
Energy that cannot be created or destroyed
The field around charged particles that exerts a force on oth…
Some material like copper wire, that electrons can move smoot…
Static Electricty
The build up of charges on an object
Law of Conservation of Change
Energy that cannot be created or destroyed
15 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Protist
Algae
Diatom
Protozoan
a member of a group of eukaryotic organisms which have a memb…
plantlike protists that produce food through photosynthesis u…
a type of microscopic plantlike protist with a hard outer wall
a protist that resembles a tiny animal
Protist
a member of a group of eukaryotic organisms which have a memb…
Algae
plantlike protists that produce food through photosynthesis u…
20 terms
Science: chapter 8 vocabulary
Species
Fossil
Adaptation
Evolution
Group of organisms that mate and produce offspring
Preserved prints/ remains
Trait that helps an organism live in a place
Change in species overtime
Species
Group of organisms that mate and produce offspring
Fossil
Preserved prints/ remains
34 terms
Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
Solute: gas Solvent: gas
Solute: liquid Solvent: gas
Solute: gas Solvent: liquid
Solute: liquid Solvent: liquid
Air Ex. N2-02.
Water in air Ex. Fog.
Carbonated beverages.
Acetic in water.
Solute: gas Solvent: gas
Air Ex. N2-02.
Solute: liquid Solvent: gas
Water in air Ex. Fog.
16 terms
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Organisms
Habitat
Biotic factor
Abiotic factor
A living thing
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
A living or once living part of an organism's habitat.
A nonliving part of an organism's habitat.
Organisms
A living thing
Habitat
An environment that provides the things a specific organism n…
10 terms
Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
chemical bond
valence electron
electron dot diagram
covalent bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
a model that represents valence electrons in an atom as dots…
a chemical bond formed when two atoms share one or more pairs…
chemical bond
a force that holds two or more atoms together
valence electron
an outermost electron of an atom that participates in chemica…
29 terms
Science Vocabulary: Chapter 8
circuit
circuit breaker
law of Conservation of Charge
insulator
any path along which electrons flow
use magnets or bimetallic strips to open a switch when curren…
charge that can be transferred from object to object but it i…
electrons do not move easily through these, ex. wood, plastic…
circuit
any path along which electrons flow
circuit breaker
use magnets or bimetallic strips to open a switch when curren…
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
bacteriophage
nucleotide
double helix
base pairing rules
virus that infects bacteria
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
model that compares the structure of a DNA molecule, in which…
rule that describes how nucleotides form bonds in DNA; adenin…
bacteriophage
virus that infects bacteria
nucleotide
monomer that forms DNA and has a phosphate group, a sugar, an…
34 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Diamond
Graphite
Fullerene
Nanotube
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms arranged in the shape…
A form of carbon that consists of atoms in the form of a long…
Diamond
A form of the element carbon in which the atoms are arranged…
Graphite
A form of the element carbon in which each carbon atom is bon…
33 terms
Chapter 8 Science
circuit
integrated circuit
magnet
parallel circuit
a continuous unbroken path through which electricity can flow
a very small circuit with all parts built into it
any material that has the ability to attract iron
has multiple paths for the flow of electricty
circuit
a continuous unbroken path through which electricity can flow
integrated circuit
a very small circuit with all parts built into it
14 terms
Earth Science: Chapter 8 Vocabulary - Erosional Forces
erosion
deposition
mass movement
slump
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
any type of erosion that happens as gravity moves materials d…
when a mass of material slips down along a curved surface
erosion
a process that wears away surface materials and moves them fr…
deposition
when agents of erosion drop the sediments they are carrying a…
23 terms
Science Vocabulary Chapter 8
Organism
Cell
Homeostasis
Binomial Nomenclature
Any living thing
Smallest unit of an organism that can carry on life functions
trait of all living things maintaining living conditions
two-word naming system developed by Carolus Linnaeus used to…
Organism
Any living thing
Cell
Smallest unit of an organism that can carry on life functions
16 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
A depositional mountain built from sol…
Vent
Lava
Crater
Volcano
An opening in the earth's crust from which lava and gases can…
Liquid magma that has escaped from the earth's interior
In general, ant district, roughly circular, walled depression…
A depositional mountain built from sol…
Volcano
Vent
An opening in the earth's crust from which lava and gases can…
Science- Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Organism
Cell
Homeostasis
Binomial Nomenclature
Any living thing
Smallest unit of an organism that can carry on life functions
A trait of all living things maintaining their living conditi…
Two-word naming system developed by Carolus Linnaius; used to…
Organism
Any living thing
Cell
Smallest unit of an organism that can carry on life functions
15 terms
Chapter 8 Environmental Science Vocabulary
carrying capacity
commensalism
competition
density
The largest population that a particular environment can supp…
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
A common demand by 2 or more organisms upon limited supply of…
the number of individuals of the same species that live in a…
carrying capacity
The largest population that a particular environment can supp…
commensalism
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
12 terms
Environmental Science Chapter 8.1
Surface Water
Recreation
Watershed
Seep
Water that is visible on the surface of the earth.
Play or amusement.
An area of land from which precipitation drains into a partic…
To soak into something.
Surface Water
Water that is visible on the surface of the earth.
Recreation
Play or amusement.
15 terms
Science - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Wave
Energy
Medium
Mechanical Waves
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
Is defined as the ability to do work
The material through which a wave travels
Waves that require a medium through which to travel
Wave
A disturbance that transfers energy from place to place
Energy
Is defined as the ability to do work
21 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary Words
water cycle
Evaporation
Humidity
Psychrometer
The continuous movement of water between the Earth's atmosphe…
The process when liquid water leaves the Earth's surface and…
A measure of how much water vapor is in the air.
A tool used to measure humidity.
water cycle
The continuous movement of water between the Earth's atmosphe…
Evaporation
The process when liquid water leaves the Earth's surface and…
7 terms
Science Chapter 8 Earth and Space
Solar System
Planet
Orbit
Star
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
The path a planet takes as it moves around another object
A big ball of hot gases that gives off light and heat energy.…
Solar System
Consist of the Sun, its planets, and other objects that move…
Planet
A large ball of rock or gas that moves around the Sun
25 terms
Science Chapter 8
Maritime Tropical Air
Continental Tropical Air
Maritime Polar Air
Continental Polar Air
Warm and Humid
Warm and Dry
Cold and Moist
Cold and Dry
Maritime Tropical Air
Warm and Humid
Continental Tropical Air
Warm and Dry
20 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Centromere
Centriole
Centrosome
Chromatin
Region of the chromosome that holds the 2 chromatids together
Rod-shaped microtubules that form the spindle fibers- found i…
Region at the poles of the cell where centrioles are found
Protein and DNA in the nucleus of a non-dividing cell
Centromere
Region of the chromosome that holds the 2 chromatids together
Centriole
Rod-shaped microtubules that form the spindle fibers- found i…
37 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Science
Root Cap
Cambium
Stoma
Transpiration
Protects the root from injury as the root grows through soil
divides the produce new phloem and xylem
surface layers of leaf the that have small opening or pores
process by water evaporates from a plant's leaves
Root Cap
Protects the root from injury as the root grows through soil
Cambium
divides the produce new phloem and xylem
42 terms
Prentice Hall Science Explorer Earth Science Chapter 8, 2
erosion
sediment
deposition
mass movement
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
the process by which sediment settles out of the water or win…
any one of several processes by which gravity moves sediment…
erosion
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves fragm…
sediment
small, solid particles of material from rocks or organisms wh…
49 terms
Interactive Science Chapter 8 vocabulary
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Tissues
Chloroplasts
A green pigment found in the chloroplast of plants, algae, an…
A food making process that uses sunlight, H20, and CO2 to pro…
Groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in a…
The strucurtes in which food is made
Chlorophyll
A green pigment found in the chloroplast of plants, algae, an…
Photosynthesis
A food making process that uses sunlight, H20, and CO2 to pro…
21 terms
Chapter 8 science Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
The rule that energy cannot be created nor destroyed
The ability to do work or cause damage
Energy that an object has due to its motion
Energy that is stored and held in readiness
Law of Conservation of Energy
The rule that energy cannot be created nor destroyed
Energy
The ability to do work or cause damage
20 terms
Chapter 8 Vocabulary: physical science
SOLUTION
SUSPENSION
COLLOID
IMMISCIBLE
Liquid that is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
Mixture where particles can be seen and easily separated by e…
Mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not s…
Liquid solutes and solvents that are not soluble in each other
SOLUTION
Liquid that is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
SUSPENSION
Mixture where particles can be seen and easily separated by e…
Science Chapter 8 Vocabulary
earthquake
fault
seismic wave
focus
movement of the ground that occurs when rocks inside Earth pa…
fracture that occurs when rocks break and that results in rel…
earthquake waves, including primary waves, secondary waves, a…
point deep inside Earth where energy is released, causing an…
earthquake
movement of the ground that occurs when rocks inside Earth pa…
fault
fracture that occurs when rocks break and that results in rel…
23 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Matter
Substance
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it has a specif…
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
An ability to change into different substances.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it has a specif…
26 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Fossil
Mold
Cast
Petrified Fossil
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
A type of fossil that is a hollow area in sediment in the sha…
A fossil that is a solid copy of an organism's shape, formed…
A fossil in which minerals replace all or part of an organism.
Fossil
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in…
Mold
A type of fossil that is a hollow area in sediment in the sha…
15 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Biodiversity
Conservation
Ecological Footprint
Endangered Species
The total number of different species on Earth, including tho…
The practice of using less of a resource so that it can last…
The amount of land and eater that individual use to meet thei…
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future
Biodiversity
The total number of different species on Earth, including tho…
Conservation
The practice of using less of a resource so that it can last…
34 terms
SCIENCE 9, Environmental Science Ch 8 Understanding Populations Vocabulary
Population
Density
Dispersion
Growth Rate
all the members of a species that live in the same place at t…
the number of individuals of the same species that live in a…
the pattern of distribution or arrangement of its individuals…
a change in the size of a population over a given period of t…
Population
all the members of a species that live in the same place at t…
Density
the number of individuals of the same species that live in a…
52 terms
Chapter 8 EARTH SCIENCE!!!
Core
Mantle
Magma
Asthenosphere
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
Molten rock.
The layer of Earth located in the outer part of the mantle, c…
Core
The innermost zone of Earth's interior, composed mostly of ir…
Mantle
The layer of Earth above the core, containing magma.
20 terms
Science chapter 8 vocabulary
Trophic level
Energy
Thermodynamics
Metabolism
Each step in a food chain or a food web
The ability to do work
The study of how energy flows and is transformed in the unive…
All of the chemical reactions in a cell
Trophic level
Each step in a food chain or a food web
Energy
The ability to do work
7 terms
Science chapter 8 vocabulary
Anemometer
Rain gauge
Convection current
Front
Atoolused to measure wind speed
A tool used to measure how much rain has fallen
When solids, gases or liquids rise and sink in a looping path
A. boundary between two air masses
Anemometer
Atoolused to measure wind speed
Rain gauge
A tool used to measure how much rain has fallen
8 terms
Science Chapter 8
Convection Current
Air Mass
Front
Anemometer
When gases and liquids rise amd sink in a circular path
A large body of air with similar properties all through it
A boundary between two air masses
A tool used to measure wind speed
Convection Current
When gases and liquids rise amd sink in a circular path
Air Mass
A large body of air with similar properties all through it
23 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
System
Energy
Atmosphere
Geosphere
A group of related parts that work together to perform a func…
The ability to do work or cause change.
The relatively thin layer of gasses that form Earth's outermo…
The densest part of Earth that include the crust, mantle, and…
System
A group of related parts that work together to perform a func…
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change.
35 terms
Science chapter 8
Biblical creation
Evolutionism
Literal view
Young earth creationist
What is the belief that the physical universe and life was cr…
Is the belief that they were not created by God but happen by…
Short day View of creation holds each day was a literal 24 ho…
what theory states that the earth is about 6000 years old bas…
Biblical creation
What is the belief that the physical universe and life was cr…
Evolutionism
Is the belief that they were not created by God but happen by…
Earth Science Chapter 8
Seismology
Deformation
Elastic Rebound
Seismic Wave
The study of earthquakes
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undefor…
A wave of energy that travels through the Earth, away from an…
Seismology
The study of earthquakes
Deformation
The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the…
14 terms
Chapter 8 Science Vocabulary
Surface Tension
Viscosity
Pressure
Boyle's Law
the force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
the law that states that the volume of a gas is inversely pro…
Surface Tension
the force that acts on the surface of a liquid and that tends…
Viscosity
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
19 terms
science vocabulary chapter 8
Ribosomes
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Cell walls
Small structure in which cells make their protein
Constantly moving gelatinlike mixture inside the cell membran…
protective outer covering of all cells that regulates the int…
Rigid structure that encloses, supports, protects the cells o…
Ribosomes
Small structure in which cells make their protein
Cytoplasm
Constantly moving gelatinlike mixture inside the cell membran…
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