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Study sets matching "science vocabulary introduction genetics"

25 terms
Chapter 11: Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
8 terms
Science: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Allele
Trait
Dominant Allele
The scientific study of heredity
Each different form of a gene
physical characteristics of organisms
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Allele
Each different form of a gene
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics--Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
18 terms
Life Science Target Week 14: Introduction to Genetics
genetics
heredity
46
protein
Scientific study of heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
number of chromosomes in human body cells
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
14 terms
Science Introduction to Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Heredity
Gene
An Australian monk whose study of garden peas earned him the…
The study of heredity
The passing of traits from one generation to the next
A section of DNA that determines a specific trait, such as ey…
Gregor Mendel
An Australian monk whose study of garden peas earned him the…
Genetics
The study of heredity
10 terms
Science: Introduction to Genetics
Genetics
Allele
Trait
Dominant Allele
The scientific study of heredity
Each different form of a gene
physical characteristics of organisms
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Allele
Each different form of a gene
58 terms
7-Science Introduction to Genetics
heredity
Father of Genetics
genetics
dominant trait
passing of traits from parents to offspring
Gregor Mendel an Austrian monk
STUDY OF HOW traits are passed from parents to offspring
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
heredity
passing of traits from parents to offspring
Father of Genetics
Gregor Mendel an Austrian monk
24 terms
science introduction to genetics and plant anatomy
Homozygous (purebred)
Heterozygous (hybrid)
Phenotype
Genotype
Genotype of an individual with 2 same alleles
Genotype of an individual with 2 different alleles
External appearance of individual by genotype
Genetic make-up of organism
Homozygous (purebred)
Genotype of an individual with 2 same alleles
Heterozygous (hybrid)
Genotype of an individual with 2 different alleles
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Segments of DNA that carry hereditary instructions and are pa…
Different forms of a specific gene.
An allele that overpowers in its expression.
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Genes
Segments of DNA that carry hereditary instructions and are pa…
26 terms
Introduction to Genetics vocabulary
homologous
diploid
haploid
crossing-over
refers to chromosomes, where 1 set comes from the male parent…
cell with 2 complete sets of homologous chromosomes... # in huma…
cell with 1 set of chromosomes... # in humans: 23
when : sections of the chromosomes (alleles) are exchanged
homologous
refers to chromosomes, where 1 set comes from the male parent…
diploid
cell with 2 complete sets of homologous chromosomes... # in huma…
9 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Gene
Trait
Allele
Homozygous
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An alternative form of a gene.
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Gene
Trait
Allele
Homozygous
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
you've got a pair of matching alleles, which are the two gene…
Gene
a unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
Trait
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one bel…
58 terms
Science Unit 3-Introduction to Genetics
Frederick Griffith
Oswald Avery
Martha Chase & Alfred Hershey
DNA Structure
-1928 (discovered a "transforming factor" in the bacteria tha…
-Early 1940's (discovered that Griffith's "transforming facto…
-1952 (confirmed that XNA was the hereditary material (not RN…
-Tightly packed as chromosomes prior to division (mitosis) ... -…
Frederick Griffith
-1928 (discovered a "transforming factor" in the bacteria tha…
Oswald Avery
-Early 1940's (discovered that Griffith's "transforming facto…
11 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary Words
genetics
traits
genes
genotype
Study of heredity
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Sections of DNA that contain the information that determines…
An organism's genetic makeup
genetics
Study of heredity
traits
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
8 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
heredity
traits
genetics
gametes
The passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
Characteristics that can be inherited
The branch of biology that studies heredity
Male and female sex cells.
heredity
The passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
traits
Characteristics that can be inherited
15 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Genes
Traits
Alleles
Study of heredity
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Characteristics that are inherited
Different forms of a gene
Genetics
Study of heredity
Genes
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
28 terms
Introduction to Genetics Chapter 11 Integrated Science 2 Vocabulary
Genetics
True breeding
Fertilization
Traits
the study of heredity
self-pollinating/pollinates by itself Pea plants are true bre…
produces a new cell which develops into a tiny embryo encased…
a specialized quality or characteristic belonging to a person
Genetics
the study of heredity
True breeding
self-pollinating/pollinates by itself Pea plants are true bre…
27 terms
Chapter 11 Introduction to Genetics vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
the study of heredity
the joining of male and female reproductive cells
specific characteristic of an individual organism
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the study of heredity
fertilization
the joining of male and female reproductive cells
19 terms
Introduction to Science Vocabulary 1
hypothesis
variable
conclusion
analyze
an idea that can be tested by an experiment or an observation
anything that can change in an experiment
a statement that tells what an investigation showed, based on…
look at closely and carefully
hypothesis
an idea that can be tested by an experiment or an observation
variable
anything that can change in an experiment
27 terms
Introduction to Science Vocabulary Practice
Analysis
Beaker
Bunsen Burner
Chemical Change
A word used to describe chemical reactions where a substance…
A tool used to mix substances that measures volume in millili…
A tool use for a controlled fire in the lab
A change to matter that cannot be reversed and makes a new su…
Analysis
A word used to describe chemical reactions where a substance…
Beaker
A tool used to mix substances that measures volume in millili…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
Introduction to Environmental Science - Vocabulary
environmental science
environment
environmentalism
ecology
the study of how the natural world works, how the environment…
all the living and nonliving things with which an organism in…
a social movement dedicated to protecting the natural world -…
the study of how organisms interact with one another and with…
environmental science
the study of how the natural world works, how the environment…
environment
all the living and nonliving things with which an organism in…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
12 terms
Genetics Introduction Vocabulary
offspring
enzyme
nucleus
recessive
a child that has a special relationship with parents
a protein that creates chemical changes
main central functioning part of a eukaryotic cell
opposite of dominant, very well hidden
offspring
a child that has a special relationship with parents
enzyme
a protein that creates chemical changes
27 terms
Ch 11 Introduction to Genetics ~ Science
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
Scientific study of hereditary.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Genetics
Scientific study of hereditary.
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
20 terms
Genetics Introduction Vocabulary
homozygous
heterozygous
Punnett Square
complete dominance
having two identical genes for a given allele
having two different genes for a given allele
diagram showing possible gene combinations for an offspring w…
dominant allele has complete control over organism appearance…
homozygous
having two identical genes for a given allele
heterozygous
having two different genes for a given allele
23 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristics that varies from one individual to a…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
when male and female reproductive cells join
used to describe organisms that produce offspring identical t…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
when male and female reproductive cells join
20 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Heredity
Probability
Gene
Allele
passing on characteristics from parents to offspring
the likelihood that a particular event will occur
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
one of the number of different forms of a gene
Heredity
passing on characteristics from parents to offspring
Probability
the likelihood that a particular event will occur
27 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary Terms
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristics of an individual
offspring that crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
23 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary List
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary List
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
20 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Allele
Condominance
Fertilization
Gamete
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Situation in which the prototypes produced by both alleles ar…
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Sex cell
Allele
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Condominance
Situation in which the prototypes produced by both alleles ar…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
14 terms
"Heredity and Genetics Introduction" Vocabulary
Heredity
Genes
Alleles
Dominant Allele (Dominant Trait)
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
Different forms (or versions/variations) of a specific gene.…
An allele that overpowers (or dominates) in its expression.... E…
Heredity
The passing of traits (characteristics) from parents to offsp…
Genes
Segments of DNA (located on the chromosomes) that carry hered…
12 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Heredity
Genetics
Hybrid
Gene
Another name for biological inheritance.
The study of heredity.
Description of offspring of parents with different characteri…
Units that control traits.
Heredity
Another name for biological inheritance.
Genetics
The study of heredity.
27 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Specific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic in an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Specific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
16 terms
Science Vocabulary: Introduction to Organelles
organelle
cytoplasm
eukaryotic cell
vacuole
one of several structures with specialized functions, suspend…
a thick solution that fills each cell, supports its structure…
any cell that contains a nucleus and other organelles enclose…
stores food, water, waste, and enzymes
organelle
one of several structures with specialized functions, suspend…
cytoplasm
a thick solution that fills each cell, supports its structure…
30 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Genetics
Inheritance
chromosome
DNA
the genetic properties or features of an organism, characteri…
the genetic characters transmitted from parent to offspring,…
a threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
self-replicating material present in nearly all living organi…
Genetics
the genetic properties or features of an organism, characteri…
Inheritance
the genetic characters transmitted from parent to offspring,…
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary List
Genetics
Fertilization
True-breeding
Trait
The scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
20 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary List
genetics
fertilization
trait
genes
the key to understanding what makes each organism unique
male and female reproductive cells join
a specific characteristic such as seed color or plant height…
the factors that are passed from parent to offspring
genetics
the key to understanding what makes each organism unique
fertilization
male and female reproductive cells join
21 terms
Introduction to Genetics Vocabulary
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gametes
The passing of genetic factors from parent to offspring (or f…
A qualitative characteristic; a discrete attribute as contras…
Variation of inherited characteristics among similar or relat…
A reproductive cell or sex cell that contains the haploid set…
Heredity
The passing of genetic factors from parent to offspring (or f…
Trait
A qualitative characteristic; a discrete attribute as contras…
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