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Study sets matching "science vocabulary physical chemical chapter 15"

22 terms
Chapter 15 Vocabulary Physical Science
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Periodic Table
Period
A change that does not result in a new substance being formed.
A change that transform one substance into a different substa…
A chart that organizes the elements by their chemical propert…
A row of the periodic table.
Physical Change
A change that does not result in a new substance being formed.
Chemical Change
A change that transform one substance into a different substa…
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
property
density
physical property
chemical property
a characteristic used to describe matter
the amount of mass in a given volume
a property of matter that can be observed or measured without…
any property that produces a change in the composition of mat…
property
a characteristic used to describe matter
density
the amount of mass in a given volume
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
temperature -
thermal energy -
heat -
conduction -
a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object's molecu…
the sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of all the…
thermal energy that moves from one object to another when the…
the movement of heat between objects that are touching.
temperature -
a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object's molecu…
thermal energy -
the sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of all the…
23 terms
Holt Science and Technology, Physical Science, Chapter 15, Chemical Compounds
chemical bond
ionic compound
covalent compound
indicator
An interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
A compound made of oppositely charged ions.
A compound formed when atoms share one or more pairs of elect…
A compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
chemical bond
An interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
ionic compound
A compound made of oppositely charged ions.
46 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15
continuous spectrum
line spectrum
spectograph
light year (ly)
a complete visual spectrum with no frequency gaps
contains distinctly visible lines of color aligned along a sc…
a photograph or other display of a spectrum produced by a spe…
how far light travels in a vacuum in a year
continuous spectrum
a complete visual spectrum with no frequency gaps
line spectrum
contains distinctly visible lines of color aligned along a sc…
23 terms
Holt Science and Technology, Physical Science, Chapter 15, Chemical Compounds
chemical bond
ionic compound
covalent compound
acid
An interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
A compound made of oppositely charged ions.
A compound formed when atoms share one or more pairs of elect…
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
chemical bond
An interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
ionic compound
A compound made of oppositely charged ions.
14 terms
Chapter 15 - physical science
substance
element
compound
heterogeneous mixture
a type of matter with a fixed copmosition
all atoms in the substance have the same identidy
a pure substance in which the atoms of two or more elements a…
a mixture in which different materials can be distinguished e…
substance
a type of matter with a fixed copmosition
element
all atoms in the substance have the same identidy
17 terms
Chapter 15 Physical and Chemical Changes
temperature
thermal energy
thermal expansion
volume
Describes the average kinetic energy of its particles.
The total kinetic energy of the particles of a sample. It is…
In general, a sample of matter expands in size when it is hea…
Is the amount of space that a substance fills.
temperature
Describes the average kinetic energy of its particles.
thermal energy
The total kinetic energy of the particles of a sample. It is…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
the capacity of a physical system to do work
the energy of motion
stored energy
potential energy that depends on the height of an object
Energy
the capacity of a physical system to do work
Kinetic Energy
the energy of motion
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Chemical Change
Chemical Property
Colloid
Compound
A change of one substance to another
A characteristic of a substance that indicates whether it can…
A mixture with particles larger than those of a solution but…
A substance in which the atoms of two or more elements are co…
Chemical Change
A change of one substance to another
Chemical Property
A characteristic of a substance that indicates whether it can…
35 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Review
Fog
Suspension
Tyndall Effect
Distillation
Tiny droplets of water suspended in air.
Heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible pa…
Scattering of light by colloidal particles.
Process for separating substances in a mixture by evaporation…
Fog
Tiny droplets of water suspended in air.
Suspension
Heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible pa…
12 terms
Physical Science B Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Electrical Energy
Energy
Electromagnetic Energy
Chemical Energy
The type energy that allows for you to charge your phone.
The ability to do work (measured in Joules).
Anything that emits light is using what type of energy.
The energy that is stored in the bonds of chemicals.
Electrical Energy
The type energy that allows for you to charge your phone.
Energy
The ability to do work (measured in Joules).
21 terms
Chapter 15 Physical Science Vocabulary
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work.
the energy of motion.
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
energy
the ability to do work.
kinetic energy
the energy of motion.
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an object's height above a…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
16 terms
physical science chapter 15.1
energy
joules
kinetic energy
equation for kinetic energy
the ability to do work
the measure of energy and work
Energy in motion
kinetic energy= 1/2 x mass x velocity^2 (KE=1/2mv^2)
energy
the ability to do work
joules
the measure of energy and work
13 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 15
ionic compounds
covalent compounds
acid
base
Compounds that contain ionic bonds.
Compounds composed of elements that are covalently bonded.
Any compound that increases the number of hydrogen ions when…
Any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
ionic compounds
Compounds that contain ionic bonds.
covalent compounds
Compounds composed of elements that are covalently bonded.
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Synthetic
Alkali
Metals
Catalysts
Elements that are made in labs and nuclear reactors
________ metals are silvery solids with low densities
________ are elements that have luster, are good conductors o…
________________ are substances that can make something happe…
Synthetic
Elements that are made in labs and nuclear reactors
Alkali
________ metals are silvery solids with low densities
83 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 15
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy an object has due to it's motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon as object's height above a…
Energy
the ability to do work
Kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to it's motion
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15
continuous spectrum
line spectrum
spectograph
incandescence
The emission of a continuous range of frequencies of electrom…
A line spectrum is an emission spectrum with only certain fre…
instrument that separates light into colors and makes an imag…
light from heat
continuous spectrum
The emission of a continuous range of frequencies of electrom…
line spectrum
A line spectrum is an emission spectrum with only certain fre…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15
Element
Compound
Mixture
Heterogeneous (he)
pure substance with 1 atom (ho)
pure substance with 2+ kinds of atoms chemically combined
2+ elements or compounds combined physically (ho/he)
Not the same; can see different parts
Element
pure substance with 1 atom (ho)
Compound
pure substance with 2+ kinds of atoms chemically combined
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
energy
Joule
kinetic energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
SI unit of energy and work
the energy of motion
energy that depends on an object's weight and height above th…
energy
the ability to do work
Joule
SI unit of energy and work
35 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Review
Fog
Suspension
Tyndall Effect
Distillation
Tiny droplets of water suspended in air.
Heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible pa…
Scattering of light by colloidal particles.
Process for separating substances in a mixture by evaporation…
Fog
Tiny droplets of water suspended in air.
Suspension
Heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible pa…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
the capacity of a physical system to do work
the energy of motion
stored energy
potential energy that depends on the height of an object
Energy
the capacity of a physical system to do work
Kinetic Energy
the energy of motion
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15
homogeneous
matter
heterogeneous
solution
Light CAN shine thru this mixture and contains 2 or more gase…
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Light CAN'T shine thru this mixture and different materials c…
Mixture in which particles are so small that they cannot be s…
homogeneous
Light CAN shine thru this mixture and contains 2 or more gase…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
23 terms
Holt Science and Technology, Physical Science, Chapter 15, Chemical Compounds
chemical bond
ionic compound
covalent compound
acid
An interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
A compound made of oppositely charged ions.
A compound formed when atoms share one or more pairs of elect…
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
chemical bond
An interaction that holds atoms or ions together.
ionic compound
A compound made of oppositely charged ions.
13 terms
Chapter 15 physical science
Substance
Element
Compound
Heterogeneous mizture
Element or compound that cannot be broken down into simple co…
Substance with atoms that are all alike
Substance in which the atoms of two or more elements are comb…
A mixture that contains particles that will separate
Substance
Element or compound that cannot be broken down into simple co…
Element
Substance with atoms that are all alike
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
21 terms
physical science chapter 15 vocab
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an object's height above a…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Chemical Change
Chemical Property
Colloid
Compound
Change of one substance into a new substance
Any characteristic of a substance, such as flammability, that…
Heterogeneous mixture whose particles never settle
Substance formed from two or more elements in which the exact…
Chemical Change
Change of one substance into a new substance
Chemical Property
Any characteristic of a substance, such as flammability, that…
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
47 terms
// Chapter 15 physical science vocabulary //
substance
element
compound
mixtures
matter with a fixed composition
substance made of only 1 kind of atom
2 or more elements chemically combine in fixed proportions
matter composed of 2 or more substances that can be separated…
substance
matter with a fixed composition
element
substance made of only 1 kind of atom
19 terms
Chapter 15 Physical Science Vocabulary
medium
mechanical wave
electromagnetic wave
transverse wave
a physical environment in which phenomena occur
a wave that requires a medium through which to travel
a wave that consists of oscillating electric magnetic fields,…
a wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
medium
a physical environment in which phenomena occur
mechanical wave
a wave that requires a medium through which to travel
21 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 15 Vocabulary - Energy
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the mechanical energy that a body has by virtue of its motion
stored energy that results from the position or shape of an o…
potential energy that depends on the height of an object
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the mechanical energy that a body has by virtue of its motion
15 terms
Physical science chapter 15 vocabulary
Substance
Element
Compound
Heterogeneous mixture
Element or compound that cannot be broken down into simpler c…
Substance with atoms that are all alike
Substance formed from two or more elements in which the exact…
Mixture,such as mixed nuts and a dry soup mix, in which diffe…
Substance
Element or compound that cannot be broken down into simpler c…
Element
Substance with atoms that are all alike
Physical Science Chapter 15 Light and Optics
continuous spectrum
luminous
illuminated
monochromatic
a complete visual spectrum with no frequency gaps, emitted on…
objects that produce visible light
objects that reflect light but do not produce any light of th…
of a single color or wavelength of light
continuous spectrum
a complete visual spectrum with no frequency gaps, emitted on…
luminous
objects that produce visible light
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15
What is visible light?
What is an observatory?
What is wavelength?
What is a refractory telescope?
The light you can see (p.591)
A building that has one of more telescopes (p.594)
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
It uses a convex lens to focus light through lenses (p.592)
What is visible light?
The light you can see (p.591)
What is an observatory?
A building that has one of more telescopes (p.594)
11 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary: Chapter 15
Substance
Element
Compound
Mixture
Is a type of matter with a fixed composition.
Are listed on the periodic table.
Is a substance in which the atoms of two or more elements are…
Is a material made up of two or more substances that can be e…
Substance
Is a type of matter with a fixed composition.
Element
Are listed on the periodic table.
16 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
pure substance
element
compound
mixture
a type of matter with a fixed composition; can be either an e…
all atoms in this substance have the same identity; graphite,…
a substance in which the atoms of two or more elements are co…
a material made up of two or more substances that can be easi…
pure substance
a type of matter with a fixed composition; can be either an e…
element
all atoms in this substance have the same identity; graphite,…
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 15
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light year
The band of colors produced when white light passes through a…
The brightness of a star as seen from earth.
The brightness that a star would have at a distance of 32.6 l…
The distance that light travels in one year; about 94.6 trill…
spectrum
The band of colors produced when white light passes through a…
apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from earth.
9 terms
Chapter 15// Physical Science// Vocabulary
Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Fossil Fuels
Renewable Energy Resources
Hydroelectric Energy
Exists in limited quantities and ,once used, can not be repla…
Formed underground from the remains of once-living organisms.…
Resources that can be replaced in a relatively short period t…
Energy obtained from flowing water.
Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Exists in limited quantities and ,once used, can not be repla…
Fossil Fuels
Formed underground from the remains of once-living organisms.…
21 terms
Physical science chapter 15 vocabulary
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an object's height above a…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
15 terms
Chapter 15 Vocabulary- Physical Science
Substance
Element
Compound
Heterogeneous mixture
element or compound that cannot be broken down into simpler c…
substance with atoms that are all alike.
substance formed from two or more elements in which the exact…
mixture such as mixed nuts or dry soup mix, in which differen…
Substance
element or compound that cannot be broken down into simpler c…
Element
substance with atoms that are all alike.
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocab
Fog
Suspension
Tyndall Effect
Distillation
Tiny droplets of water suspended in air.
Heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible pa…
Scattering of light by colloidal particles.
Process for separation substances in a mixture by evaporation…
Fog
Tiny droplets of water suspended in air.
Suspension
Heterogeneous mixture containing a liquid in which visible pa…
19 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Medium
Mechanical Wave
Electromagnetic Wave
Transverse Wave
A physical environment in which phenomena occurs.
A wave that requires a medium through which to travel.
A wave that consists of oscillating electric and magnetic fie…
A wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
Medium
A physical environment in which phenomena occurs.
Mechanical Wave
A wave that requires a medium through which to travel.
15 terms
physical science chapter 15 vocabulary
substance
element
compound
heterogeneous mixture
a sample of matter that has definite chemical and physical pr…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made of two or more different elements that are c…
a mixture in which the different parts are visible (italian s…
substance
a sample of matter that has definite chemical and physical pr…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
21 terms
Physical Science concepts in action chapter 15 vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
The energy of motion.
The energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an object's height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion.
17 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 15 Vocabulary
chemical change
chemical property
colloid
compound
characteristic of a substance that indicates whether it can u…
a change of one's substance to anothe
a type of mixture with particles that are larger than those i…
a substance in which the atoms of two or more elements are co…
chemical change
characteristic of a substance that indicates whether it can u…
chemical property
a change of one's substance to anothe
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Medium
Mechanical waves
Electromagnetic waves
Transverse wave
a physical environment in which phenomena occur
a wave that requires a medium through which to travel
a wave that consists of oscillating electric and magnetic fie…
a wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
Medium
a physical environment in which phenomena occur
Mechanical waves
a wave that requires a medium through which to travel
14 terms
Physical science chapter 15
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the ability to do work or cause change
the energy of a MOVING object... 1/2(mass)x(velocity)^2
stored energy due to the position of an object... (mass)(gravity…
energy associated with motion and position of an object. ME =…
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy
the energy of a MOVING object... 1/2(mass)x(velocity)^2
12 terms
Chapter 15// Physical Science// Vocabulary
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Gravitational Potential Energy
The ability to do work.
Energy of motion.
Energy that is stored as a result of position or shape.
Potential energy that depends upon an objects height.
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion.
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