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Study sets matching "science vocabulary prentice hall"

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Study sets matching "science vocabulary prentice hall"

22 terms
Science~ DNA: Vocabulary............Prentice Hall
hybrid
heterozygous
purebred
homozygous
an organism that has two different alleles for a trait
having two different alleles for a trait
the offspring of many generations that have the same trait
having two identical alleles for one trait
hybrid
an organism that has two different alleles for a trait
heterozygous
having two different alleles for a trait
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
31 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river.
water cycle
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
193 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Vocabulary
Weather Front
Anticyclone
Cyclone
Streak
A boundary separating two masses of air of different densitie…
A weather system with high atmospheric pressure at its center…
A system of winds rotating INWARD to an area of LOW atmospher…
The color of a mineral in its powered form
Weather Front
A boundary separating two masses of air of different densitie…
Anticyclone
A weather system with high atmospheric pressure at its center…
13 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 7 Vocabulary
reactants
products
chemical equation
Law of Conservation of Mass
in a chemical reaction, the substances that undergo change
the new substances formed as a result of a chemical change
a representation of a chemical reaction in which the reactant…
states that mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemic…
reactants
in a chemical reaction, the substances that undergo change
products
the new substances formed as a result of a chemical change
147 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Vocabulary
Water Cycle ... 6.1
Infiltration... 6.1
Transpiration... 6.1
Gradient... 6.1
Water constantly moves among the oceans, the atmosphere, the…
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
Plants also absorb water and release it into the atmosphere t…
The slope or steepness of a stream channel
Water Cycle ... 6.1
Water constantly moves among the oceans, the atmosphere, the…
Infiltration... 6.1
The movement of surface water into rock or soil through crack…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
the property created by the space between two objects or points
a quantity that has magnitude and direction
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
35 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Vocabulary: Chapter 3
Cells
Cell Theory
Unicellular
Multicellular
Basic units of structure and function in living things
It states the following:... - All living things are made of cel…
Single-celled organism
Organism composed of more than 1 organism
Cells
Basic units of structure and function in living things
Cell Theory
It states the following:... - All living things are made of cel…
59 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 17 Vocabulary
Ozone
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
A form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms into each m…
The lowest region of the atmosphere, extending from the earth…
The layer of the earth's atmosphere above the troposphere, ex…
The region of the earth's atmosphere above the stratosphere a…
Ozone
A form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms into each m…
Troposphere
The lowest region of the atmosphere, extending from the earth…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary (sections 1-4)
seismic waves
pressure
crust
mantle
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core
seismic waves
pressure
the force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
a vertical column of elements in the periodic table
the pattern of repeating properties of the elements in the pe…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
14 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
the property created by the space between two objects or points
a quantity that has magnitude and direction
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
40 terms
Chapter 1, Prentice Hall Physical Science
science
technology
chemistry
physics
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the application of science for practical purposes
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
the science of matter and energy and their interactions
science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
technology
the application of science for practical purposes
22 terms
Prentice hall physical science Chapter 2 vocabulary
Thermal energy
Melting
Freezing
Evaporation
The total energy of a substances particles due to their movem…
The change from the solid to the liquid state of matter
The change in state from a liquid to a solid
The process that occurs when vaporization takes place only on…
Thermal energy
The total energy of a substances particles due to their movem…
Melting
The change from the solid to the liquid state of matter
29 terms
Chapter 1, Prentice Hall Physical Science
science
technology
chemistry
physics
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the application of science for practical purposes
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
the science of matter and energy and their interactions
science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
technology
the application of science for practical purposes
14 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
the property created by the space between two objects or points
a quantity that has magnitude and direction
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
32 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 17 Vocabulary
Mechanical Wave
Medium
Crest
Trough
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
the material through which a wave travels
the highest point of a wave
the lowest point of a wave
Mechanical Wave
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
Medium
the material through which a wave travels
27 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 17 Vocabulary
Mechanical Wave
Medium
Crest
Trough
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
the material through which a wave travels
the highest point of a wave
the lowest point of a wave
Mechanical Wave
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
Medium
the material through which a wave travels
18 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science
matter
chemistry
substance
physical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
A single kind of matter that is pure, having a specific makeu…
Can be observed without changing the substance into another s…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
23 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 15 Vocabulary
Salinity
Thermocline
Density
Pycnocline
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
mass per unit volume
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
Salinity
the total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Thermocline
layer of ocean at about 300-1,000 meters where there is a rap…
8 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Distance
Speed
Average Speed
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
the property created by the space between two objects or points
distance travelled per unit time
a rate of motion determined by dividing the total distance tr…
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Distance
the property created by the space between two objects or points
21 terms
Science Explorer/Prentice Hall
virus
host
Parasite
Bacteriophage
tiny, nonliving particle that enters and then reproduces insi…
an organism that provides a source of energy for a virus or a…
An organism that lives on or in a host and causes it harm.
A virus that infects bacteria. A bacteria "eater".
virus
tiny, nonliving particle that enters and then reproduces insi…
host
an organism that provides a source of energy for a virus or a…
25 terms
Chapter 1, Prentice Hall Physical Science
science
life science
chemistry
physical science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the study of living things, including plants, animals, and mi…
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
the science of chemistry and physics
science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
life science
the study of living things, including plants, animals, and mi…
23 terms
Chapter 2 Prentice Hall Physical Science
Matter
Substance
Physical property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A single kind of matter that is pure, has specific makeup/com…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Relates to a substance's ability to undergo changes that tran…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Substance
A single kind of matter that is pure, has specific makeup/com…
33 terms
Chapter 1 Science (Prentice Hall Environmental Science)
Organism
Habitat
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Living thing, obtaining resources from its environment
An environment that provides what an organism needs to surviv…
The living parts of a habitat (grass, bacteria, plants)
Non-living parts of a habitat (water, sunlight, oxygen, tempe…
Organism
Living thing, obtaining resources from its environment
Habitat
An environment that provides what an organism needs to surviv…
19 terms
prentice hall physical science chapter 5
valence electron
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
the symbol for the element surrounded by as many dots as ther…
the force that holds two atoms together
an atom, radical, or molecule that has gained or lost one or…
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
electron dot diagram
the symbol for the element surrounded by as many dots as ther…
14 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
the property created by the space between two objects or points
a quantity that has magnitude and direction
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
14 terms
Prentice Hall, Earth Science, Chapter 15
weather
atmosphere
ozone
water vapor
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule…
Water in the form of a gas.
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surrounds the planet.
32 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river.
water cycle
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
29 terms
Chapter 1, Prentice Hall Physical Science
science
technology
chemistry
physics
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the application of science for practical purposes
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
the science of matter and energy and their interactions
science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
technology
the application of science for practical purposes
45 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 10 Vocabulary
Force
Newton
Net Force
Unbalanced Forces
Push or pull
Unit named after English scientist and mathematician, SI Unit…
Combination of all forces acting on an object, determines whe…
When there is a net force acting on an object; can cause obje…
Force
Push or pull
Newton
Unit named after English scientist and mathematician, SI Unit…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river.
water cycle
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
12 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
the property created by the space between two objects or points
a quantity that has magnitude and direction
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
13 terms
Prentice hall earth science chapter 12 vocabulary
water cycle
precipitation
groundwater
tributaries
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil an…
The streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river.
water cycle
is the continuous process by which water moves from earths su…
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail,
21 terms
Chapter 15 vocabulary: Physical Science Prentice Hall
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy an object has due to its motion
energy that is stored as a result of position or shape
potential energy that depends upon an object's height above a…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy an object has due to its motion
41 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 2 vocabulary
classification
microscope
cell theory
cell
the process of organism based on similarities
instrument that makes objects look larger
-all living things are composed of cells.... -cells are the basi…
basic of unit of structure of all living things
classification
the process of organism based on similarities
microscope
instrument that makes objects look larger
22 terms
Prentice Hall Earth Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
oceanography
bathymetry
sonar
submersible
a science that draws on the methods and knowledge of geology,…
the measurement of the ocean depths and the charting of the s…
sound navigation and ranging
a small under water craft used for deep-sea research
oceanography
a science that draws on the methods and knowledge of geology,…
bathymetry
the measurement of the ocean depths and the charting of the s…
24 terms
Prentice hall earth science chapter 13 vocabulary
wave
spring tide
neap tide
tides
movement of energy through a body of water.
the greatest difference between a high tide and a low tide.
the least difference between a low tide and a high tide.
the daily rise and fall of earths waters on it's coastline
wave
movement of energy through a body of water.
spring tide
the greatest difference between a high tide and a low tide.
25 terms
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 5
Multiple Alleles
sex chromosomes
sex-linked genes
carrier
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
one of 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
genes on the X or Y chromosome
person who has a recessive allele but does not have the trait
Multiple Alleles
three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait
sex chromosomes
one of 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell
34 terms
chapter 2; prentice hall physical science
pure substance
element
atom
compound
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
pure substance
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
element
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
29 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 1
science
technology
chemistry
physics
a system of knowledge and the methods you use to find that kn…
the use of knowledge to solve practical problems
the study of the composition, structure, properties, and reac…
the study of matter and energy and the interactions between t…
science
a system of knowledge and the methods you use to find that kn…
technology
the use of knowledge to solve practical problems
32 terms
Chapter 18 Prentice Hall Science Vocabulary
Electromagnetic waves
Electric field
Magnetic field
Electromagnetic radiation
A transverse wave consisting of changing electric and changin…
A field in region of space that exerts electric forces on cha…
A field in a region of space that exerts magnetic forces fiel…
The transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic waves
A transverse wave consisting of changing electric and changin…
Electric field
A field in region of space that exerts electric forces on cha…
37 terms
Prentice Hall Science Chapter 19
astronomy
axis
rotation
revolution
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
the spinning motion of a planet on its axis
the moment of an object around another object
astronomy
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space
axis
an imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the…
21 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science: Chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
the state of matter in which materials have BOTH a definite s…
the state of matter in which a material HAS a definite volume…
the state of matter in which a material has NEITHER a definit…
the energy an object has due to its motion
solid
the state of matter in which materials have BOTH a definite s…
liquid
the state of matter in which a material HAS a definite volume…
24 terms
Prentice hall earth science chapter 13 vocabulary
wave
spring tide
neap tide
tides
movement of energy through a body of water.
the greatest difference between a high tide and a low tide.
the least difference between a low tide and a high tide.
the daily rise and fall of earths waters on it's coastline
wave
movement of energy through a body of water.
spring tide
the greatest difference between a high tide and a low tide.
Prentice Hall Life Science Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Allele
codominance
dominant allele
fertilization
the diffrent forms of a gene
a condition in which neither of two allels of a gene is domin…
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
The joining of a sperm and an egg
Allele
the diffrent forms of a gene
codominance
a condition in which neither of two allels of a gene is domin…
17 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
the property created by the space between two objects or points
a quantity that has magnitude and direction
Frame of Reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
18 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 12 Vocabulary
work
joule
power
machine
force exerted on an object that causes it to move
a unit of work equal to one newton-meter
the rate at which one form of energy is transformed into anth…
a device that changes the amount of force exerted, the distan…
work
force exerted on an object that causes it to move
joule
a unit of work equal to one newton-meter
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