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Study sets matching "semester 1 science chemistry acids bases"

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Study sets matching "semester 1 science chemistry acids bases"

25 terms
Science Chemistry Acids and Bases
acid
alkali
anion
atom
substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) in water; has a pH…
a soluble base; substance that releases hydroxide ions (OH-)…
a negatively charged ion
the smallest component of an element that contains all the pr…
acid
substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) in water; has a pH…
alkali
a soluble base; substance that releases hydroxide ions (OH-)…
16 terms
Science - Chemistry (Acids and Bases)
Characteristics of acids
Characteristics of bases
Examples of acids
Examples of bases
- Sour... - Corrosive (will burn)... - Conduct electricity... - Dry, n…
- Bitter... - Caustic (will burn)... - Conduct electricity... - Slippe…
Hydrochloric acids, nitric acid, sulfric acid
sodium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, metal + hydroxide
Characteristics of acids
- Sour... - Corrosive (will burn)... - Conduct electricity... - Dry, n…
Characteristics of bases
- Bitter... - Caustic (will burn)... - Conduct electricity... - Slippe…
15 terms
Science-acids and bases-chemistry
Properties of acids (4)
Properties of bases (4)
Everyday acids (3)
Lab acids (3)
Corrosive... Bitter taste... Make litmus indicator red... Ph of less t…
Corrosive... Soapy feel... Make litmus turn blue ... Ph level more tha…
Lemon juice... Vinegar... Fizzy drinks
Hydrochloric acid... Sulphuric acid... Nitric acid
Properties of acids (4)
Corrosive... Bitter taste... Make litmus indicator red... Ph of less t…
Properties of bases (4)
Corrosive... Soapy feel... Make litmus turn blue ... Ph level more tha…
40 terms
Science 30 -1.2 Chemistry of Acids and Bases
What Makes Sour Gas Sour?
empirical:
aqueous solution
questions and actions you might take t…
Sour gas contains hydrogen sulfide,... H2S(g). Since water is of…
a result of an observation
a solution in which water is the solvent
Questions the Way Experiment Is Performed... • Is it possible to…
What Makes Sour Gas Sour?
Sour gas contains hydrogen sulfide,... H2S(g). Since water is of…
empirical:
a result of an observation
20 terms
JC Chemistry Acids and Bases 1
Acid
Acidic
Base
Blue Litmus
the ability to turn blue litmus red.
A solution whose pH is < 7.
turns red litmus paper blue
An indicator that stays blue in base and goes red in acid.
Acid
the ability to turn blue litmus red.
Acidic
A solution whose pH is < 7.
51 terms
Chemistry Acids and Bases Semester 2
What does every Acid have as its Cation?
Can weak acids hurt you?
Can strong acids hurt you?
Can strong Bases hurt you?
Hydrogen
No
Yes
Yes
What does every Acid have as its Cation?
Hydrogen
Can weak acids hurt you?
No
17 terms
JC Chemistry Acids and Bases 1
Acid
Acidic
Base
Blue Litmus
the ability to turn blue litmus red.
A solution whose pH is < 7.
tastes bitter, turns red litmus paper blue.
An indicator that stays blue in base and goes red in acid.
Acid
the ability to turn blue litmus red.
Acidic
A solution whose pH is < 7.
22 terms
Chemistry 1: Acids and Bases
HCl
HBr
HI
H₂SO₄
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
HCl
Strong Acid
HBr
Strong Acid
30 terms
Chemistry 1 acids and bases
Hcl
H2SO4
HI
HNO3
Hydrochloric acid (strong)
Sulfuric acid (strong)
Hydroiodic acid (strong)
Nitric acid (strong)
Hcl
Hydrochloric acid (strong)
H2SO4
Sulfuric acid (strong)
55 terms
Chemistry 1: Acids and Bases
Acid
Acid
Acid
Acid
Sour Taste
Corrosive - reacts with metals
Reacts with Carbonates to produce H2O
Reacts with bases to produce water and a salt
Acid
Sour Taste
Acid
Corrosive - reacts with metals
Chemistry 1 Acid and Bases
Hydrochloric acid
Hydrofluoric acid
Hydrobromic acif
Hydriodic acid
Hcl
Hf
Hbr
HI
Hydrochloric acid
Hcl
Hydrofluoric acid
Hf
15 terms
Semester 2 Chemistry Quiz (acids/bases)
acid taste
basic taste
acid feel
base feel
sour
bitter
burn on cracked skin
slippery
acid taste
sour
basic taste
bitter
15 terms
Chemistry Per. 1: Acids and Bases
Acidic Solution
Amphoteric
Basic Solution
Conjugate Acid
[H+] is greater than [OH- ]
a substance that can behave as an acid or base
one in which [H+] is less than [OH- ].
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion.
Acidic Solution
[H+] is greater than [OH- ]
Amphoteric
a substance that can behave as an acid or base
52 terms
Science(Chemistry on acids and bases)
What can you say about elements in a c…
Most metals are liquids or solids at r…
In the periodic table where are the mo…
Where are the nonmetals located on the…
They have similar properties
Solids
Group 1 which is the alkali metals
To the right of the staircase
What can you say about elements in a c…
They have similar properties
Most metals are liquids or solids at r…
Solids
26 terms
L1 Science Acids and Bases
Acid
Alkali
Base
Neutralization reaction
A substance which releases H+ in water
A soluble base which produces OH- in water
Reacts with acids. Includes all metal oxides/hydroxides & amm…
A reaction that occurs between an acid and a base in which th…
Acid
A substance which releases H+ in water
Alkali
A soluble base which produces OH- in water
27 terms
Chemistry Co-ordinated Science Acids and Bases
Neutral
Acids
Alkalis
Acids and metals
= pH 7
< pH 7
> pH 7
= salt + hydrogen
Neutral
= pH 7
Acids
< pH 7
57 terms
Science 30 Unit B 1.2 Chemistry of Acids and Bases
Define Empirical.
What is an Aqueous Solution?
List some of the properties of Acids a…
List some of the properties of Bases a…
A result of an observation
A solution in which water is the solvent
1. Electrolytic (conducts a current)... 2. Corrosive... 3. Turns bl…
1. Electrolytic (conducts a current)... 2. Corrosive... 3. Turns re…
Define Empirical.
A result of an observation
What is an Aqueous Solution?
A solution in which water is the solvent
22 terms
Chemistry Acids and Bases Unit 1
acid
base
dissociation
HCl, HBr, HI, HNO₃, H₂SO₄, HClO₃
an aqueous solution of a hydrogen compound and H₃0⁺(hydronium)
contain hydroxide (OH⁻) and are all aqueous
strong acids and bases completely ionize
6 strong acids:
acid
an aqueous solution of a hydrogen compound and H₃0⁺(hydronium)
base
contain hydroxide (OH⁻) and are all aqueous
35 terms
Science Test Chemistry Acid and Bases
Carbonate
Nitrate
Phosphate
Sulfate
CO3^2-
NO3^-
PO4^3-
SO4^2-
Carbonate
CO3^2-
Nitrate
NO3^-
61 terms
Environmental Science: Acid/Base Chemistry
Acid
Base
pH
Buffers
-give up H+ ions... -pH below 7
-accept H+ ions... -pH above 7
the negative logarithm of [H+]
substances that accept or release H+ ions
Acid
-give up H+ ions... -pH below 7
Base
-accept H+ ions... -pH above 7
18 terms
Chemistry 1 Honors - Acids and Bases
Sour
Vinegar
Bases to produce salts and water
Carry Electricity
Acids Taste... a. Sweet... b. Sour... c. Bitter... d. Salty
Acetic Acid is found in ... a. lemons... b. vinegar... c. sour milk... d.…
Acids react with... a. Bases to produce salts and water... b. Salts…
Aqueous solutions of bases ... a. contain only two different ele…
Sour
Acids Taste... a. Sweet... b. Sour... c. Bitter... d. Salty
Vinegar
Acetic Acid is found in ... a. lemons... b. vinegar... c. sour milk... d.…
11 terms
Chemistry acids and bases quiz 1
hydrochloric
Hydrobromic
Hydrofluoric
Nitric
HCl
HBr
HF
HNO3
hydrochloric
HCl
Hydrobromic
HBr
9 terms
Chemistry acid and bases PT 1
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
Arrhenius Acid-base reaction involves...
Brønsted-Lowry acid
A substance with H in its formula & produces H+ in water
A substance which with OH in its formula & produces OH- in wa…
Formation of salt and water
A proton (H+) donor
Arrhenius Acid
A substance with H in its formula & produces H+ in water
Arrhenius Base
A substance which with OH in its formula & produces OH- in wa…
10 terms
Science Semester 2 Acids and Bases v2
acid
3 characteristics of acids
base
3 characteristics of bases
any substance with a pH lower than 7.0
sour, corrodes metal, burns skin
any substance with a pH greater than 7.0
bitter, breaks up fats and oils, burns skin
acid
any substance with a pH lower than 7.0
3 characteristics of acids
sour, corrodes metal, burns skin
49 terms
Year 1 Chemistry - acids and bases
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
Bronstead Acid
Bronstead Base
A molecule or polyatomic ion that contains hydrogen and react…
A molecule or polyatomic ion that produces hydroxide ions in…
An acid is a proton donor.
A base is a proton acceptor.
Arrhenius Acid
A molecule or polyatomic ion that contains hydrogen and react…
Arrhenius Base
A molecule or polyatomic ion that produces hydroxide ions in…
28 terms
pka acids and bases Organic Chemistry 1
Acid: Hydronium (H30 (+))
Acid: Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
Acid: Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
Acid: Phenol
-1
-5
-7
10
Acid: Hydronium (H30 (+))
-1
Acid: Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
-5
10 terms
18.1 Lewis Acids and Bases (Chemistry)
Lewis Theory
Lewis Acid
Lewis Base
Nucleophile
Acid-base reactions based on electron pair transfer, results…
(Lone) electron pair acceptor
(Lone) electron pair donor
An electron-rich species that donates a lone pair to form a n…
Lewis Theory
Acid-base reactions based on electron pair transfer, results…
Lewis Acid
(Lone) electron pair acceptor
38 terms
Science Level 1 - Acids and Bases
Metal + Oxygen
Metal + Water
Metal + Acid
Base + Acid
--> Metal Oxide (Base/Insoluble)
--> Metal Hydroxide + Hydrogen (Alkali)
--> Metal Salt + Hydrogen
--> Metal Salt + Water (Neutralisation/Neutral Salt + Water)
Metal + Oxygen
--> Metal Oxide (Base/Insoluble)
Metal + Water
--> Metal Hydroxide + Hydrogen (Alkali)
17 terms
Chemistry unit 1- acids and bases.
What does soluble non-metal oxides pro…
What does soluble metal oxides produce?
ACIDIC SOLUTIONS.... what is the formula…
What is the ionic formula for Hydrochl…
Acids.
Alkalis.
HCL
H+ Cl-
What does soluble non-metal oxides pro…
Acids.
What does soluble metal oxides produce?
Alkalis.
17 terms
Science-chemistry (acids, alkali's and bases).
PH below 7.... Neutralizes an alkali.... Rel…
Some alkali's release hydroxide ions.…
Neutralizes acid.... PH above 7.... Solid.
HCL... H2SO4... HNO3
Give three facts about an acid.
Give four facts about an alkali.
Give three facts about a base.
Write the shortened version of each of the following:... Hydroch…
PH below 7.... Neutralizes an alkali.... Rel…
Give three facts about an acid.
Some alkali's release hydroxide ions.…
Give four facts about an alkali.
40 terms
Biochemistry 1: Amino Acids and Acid-Base Chemistry
Amino Acid
Four groups attached to amino acid alp…
R-group
Glycine
A molecule that contains two functional groups: and amino gro…
Amino group, carboxylic acid group, hydrogen, R-group
Side chain; specific to each amino acid and determines proper…
Unique because it is an achiral amino acid
Amino Acid
A molecule that contains two functional groups: and amino gro…
Four groups attached to amino acid alp…
Amino group, carboxylic acid group, hydrogen, R-group
29 terms
NCEA Level 1 Science Acids & Bases
Element
Nucleus
Atom
Proton
Pure substance made up of only one kind of atom
The central most part of an atom, contains positively charged…
The smallest known neutral particle of any chemical element
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Element
Pure substance made up of only one kind of atom
Nucleus
The central most part of an atom, contains positively charged…
20 terms
Organic Chemistry 1 Acid/Base
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Bronsted-Lowry Base
CH₃NH₂ is a...?
CH₃CO₂H is a...?
Proton donor; must contain a hydrogen atom (H-A)
Proton acceptor; must contain an available electron pair to b…
Bronsted-Lowry Base
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Proton donor; must contain a hydrogen atom (H-A)
Bronsted-Lowry Base
Proton acceptor; must contain an available electron pair to b…
33 terms
Chemistry 18.1 Acid and Bases
Appearance of an acid
Appearance of a base
Taste of an Acid
Taste of a Base
Looks like H2O
Looks like H2O
Sour
Bitter
Appearance of an acid
Looks like H2O
Appearance of a base
Looks like H2O
232 terms
Tenth Science -3 The Acid Base Chemistry .
Tenth Chemistry -3 The Acid Base Chemi…
Dear Students, you must have enjoyed v…
Recall the taste Of some more ingredie…
Substances which are sour to taste hav…
...
relish your taste buds since your child hood
sour
ingredients
Tenth Chemistry -3 The Acid Base Chemi…
...
Dear Students, you must have enjoyed v…
relish your taste buds since your child hood
24 terms
Science - Chemistry (Acids and Bases and Atomic Structure)
Atom
Element
Compound
Sub-atomic Particle
The basic block of life
A block made up of 1 type of atom
A substance with 2 or more types of atoms or elements
A particle the makes up a atom
Atom
The basic block of life
Element
A block made up of 1 type of atom
20 terms
Chemistry Stage 1 Revision: Acids & Bases
Properties of acids (5)
Properties of bases (8)
A base that is soluble in water is c…
Common acids
1. Sour... 2. Corrosive... 3. Molecular, dissolve in water, produce…
1. Bitter... 2. Slippery... 3. Turn litmus from red to blue... 4. Are…
alkali.
Nitric (fertiliser)... Hydrochloric (stomach)... Acetic (vinegar)... S…
Properties of acids (5)
1. Sour... 2. Corrosive... 3. Molecular, dissolve in water, produce…
Properties of bases (8)
1. Bitter... 2. Slippery... 3. Turn litmus from red to blue... 4. Are…
28 terms
Pec Science Acids/Bases AND Carbon Chemistry
Acid charcteristics
Base charcteristics
PH scale
Hydrochloric Acids HCL
sour taste,burn skin,turns litmus paper red,contains the Hydr…
contain the OH ion, feels slippery, bitter... ph of 7.1-14,litmu…
measures hydronium ion concentration
kills bacteria in stomach, cleans bricks and metals
Acid charcteristics
sour taste,burn skin,turns litmus paper red,contains the Hydr…
Base charcteristics
contain the OH ion, feels slippery, bitter... ph of 7.1-14,litmu…
44 terms
Acids & Bases - Science 1.5
Atom
Electron
Proton
Atomic number
The smallest particle of an element.
A sub-atomic particle that is negatively charged.
A sub-atomic particle that is positively charged, found in th…
The amount of protons/electrons in an atom.
Atom
The smallest particle of an element.
Electron
A sub-atomic particle that is negatively charged.
39 terms
Science - Chemistry Part II Acids/Bases/Reactions
Chemical reaction
Precipitate
Chemical formula
Chemical equation
A process in which one or more substances change to make one…
A solid substance that is formed in a solution.
Shorthand way to use chemical symbols and numbers to represen…
Uses chemical symbols and formulas as a shortcut to describe…
Chemical reaction
A process in which one or more substances change to make one…
Precipitate
A solid substance that is formed in a solution.
10 terms
TSA Science 7 - ABC: Acid Base Chemistry
acidic
acidity
alkalinity
basic
having the properties of an acid, or containing acid; having…
the level of acid in substances such as water and soil.
The level of a alkali in substance.
having the properties of a base, or containing a base; having…
acidic
having the properties of an acid, or containing acid; having…
acidity
the level of acid in substances such as water and soil.
28 terms
pka acids and bases Organic Chemistry 1
Acid: Hydronium (H30 (+))
Acid: Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
Acid: Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
Acid: Phenol
-1
-5
-7
10
Acid: Hydronium (H30 (+))
-1
Acid: Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
-5
28 terms
Pec Science Acids/Bases AND Carbon Chemistry
Acid charcteristics
Base charcteristics
PH scale
Hydrochloric Acids HCL
sour taste,burn skin,turns litmus paper red,contains the Hydr…
contain the OH ion, feels slippery, bitter... ph of 7.1-14,litmu…
measures hydronium ion concentration
kills bacteria in stomach, cleans bricks and metals
Acid charcteristics
sour taste,burn skin,turns litmus paper red,contains the Hydr…
Base charcteristics
contain the OH ion, feels slippery, bitter... ph of 7.1-14,litmu…
20 terms
Science 2015 NCEA level 1 Acids and Bases
element
atom
Compound
atomic mass number
one type of atom
the smallest particle of a chemical element
2 or more elements chemically bonded together from the loss o…
the number of protons and neutrons
element
one type of atom
atom
the smallest particle of a chemical element
8 terms
Real Science 4 Kids Chemistry Level 1, Ch4 Acids, Bases and pH
What does pH measure?
neutral pH
acid pH
base pH
it measures how acidic or basic a solution is
pH is 7 the solution is neither and acid nor a base
pH is less than 7
pH is more than 7
What does pH measure?
it measures how acidic or basic a solution is
neutral pH
pH is 7 the solution is neither and acid nor a base
23 terms
L1 CHEMISTRY : ACIDS & BASES - IONS
NH4 +
Na+
K+
Ag+
Ammonium Ion
Sodium Ion
Potassium Ion
Silver Ion
NH4 +
Ammonium Ion
Na+
Sodium Ion
70 terms
Science Test- Acids and Bases, Organic Chemistry
Mixture whose particles are evenly dis…
Things being dissolved in a solution;…
Thing doing the dissolving in a soluti…
Can be dissolved
Solution
Solute
Solvent
soluble
Mixture whose particles are evenly dis…
Solution
Things being dissolved in a solution;…
Solute
20 terms
Science - Acids and Bases (Quiz 1)
What is an aqueous solution?
List the three strong acids.
What is an example of acetic acid?
What are carboxylic acids?
It is a solution in which the solvent is water
Hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid
Vinegar
They are acids in which the structure had a carboxyl
What is an aqueous solution?
It is a solution in which the solvent is water
List the three strong acids.
Hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid
37 terms
L1 CHEMISTRY : ACIDS & BASES - ELEMENTS
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
12 terms
Chemistry 1 Common Strong Acids and Bases
HC
HBr
HI
HNO_3
Hydrocholoric acid
Hydrobromic acid
Hydroiodic acid
Nitric acid
HC
Hydrocholoric acid
HBr
Hydrobromic acid
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