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Study sets matching "semester 1 science chemistry"

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Study sets matching "semester 1 science chemistry"

19 terms
Chemistry Science - Semester 1
What type of element is shiny, hard, a…
What type of elements form covalent bo…
How many hydrogen are in the formula 4…
Na, Sodium, is in family 1. Cl, Chlori…
metal
non-metals and non-metal
8
Ionic
What type of element is shiny, hard, a…
metal
What type of elements form covalent bo…
non-metals and non-metal
37 terms
Semester 1 Science - Chemistry
Matter
Pure substance
Mixture
Elements
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A substance made of only one kind of matter and having defini…
Substances not chemically combined
Substance made up of only one kind of atom
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Pure substance
A substance made of only one kind of matter and having defini…
13 terms
Science Semester 1 Chemistry
groups
atom
molecule
functional group
have the same amount of electrons in the outer shell
smallest part of an element
small group of atoms bonded together
part of a molecule that can react with another molecule
groups
have the same amount of electrons in the outer shell
atom
smallest part of an element
39 terms
Science Definitions Semester 1 (Chemistry)
Compound
Mixture
Atoms
Protons
two or more substances that are chemically combined... elements…
mixture of substances ... can be separated by distillation or fi…
basic building blocks of living/ non-living things
positive... found in nucleus
Compound
two or more substances that are chemically combined... elements…
Mixture
mixture of substances ... can be separated by distillation or fi…
14 terms
Science chemistry Semester 1 Review
transition metals
ionic bond
covalent bond
law of conservation of mass
metals in stair step on PT and metals that go from liquid to…
bond that transfers electrons
bond that shares electrons
atoms cannot be created or destroyed
transition metals
metals in stair step on PT and metals that go from liquid to…
ionic bond
bond that transfers electrons
13 terms
Science Exam Semester 1 - Chemistry
How is the periodic table organised?
What key information is presented in t…
What major groups are there in the per…
What are the trends in the periodic ta…
With metals on the left, non metals on the right and metallio…
The name, the abbreviation, the atomic number and atomic weig…
The alkali metals (1) , the alkaline earth metals (2), the ha…
Atomic radius decreases going left to right. The ionisation e…
How is the periodic table organised?
With metals on the left, non metals on the right and metallio…
What key information is presented in t…
The name, the abbreviation, the atomic number and atomic weig…
21 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Atomic Radius
Smallest of an element that maintains the chemical properties…
Mass of an atom; equivalent to the number of protons and neut…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom; same for all…
←↓ for the Periodic Table Pattern;
Atom
Smallest of an element that maintains the chemical properties…
Atomic Mass
Mass of an atom; equivalent to the number of protons and neut…
31 terms
Yr10 Science Revision Semester 1 chemistry
Atomic structure.
Periodic table.
Bonding.
Ionic bonding.
Neutrons and protons form a tiny nucleus inside the atom. Ele…
Organises all elements into group and periods based on their…
How atoms form chemical bonds with other atoms. Bonding can b…
Ionic bonding occurs when a metal transfers one or more elect…
Atomic structure.
Neutrons and protons form a tiny nucleus inside the atom. Ele…
Periodic table.
Organises all elements into group and periods based on their…
34 terms
CP Earth Science Review (Semester 1) CHEMISTRY
Neutral
Catalyst
14 (pH scale)
0 (pH scale)
Substances that are neither acids nor bases are said to be this
A substance that alters the rate of a chemical reaction witho…
Indicator of an extremely strong base
Indicator of an extremely stron acid
Neutral
Substances that are neither acids nor bases are said to be this
Catalyst
A substance that alters the rate of a chemical reaction witho…
43 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
chlorine
[Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p3
ionic
covalent
Which is larger as an ion: Na+1 or Cl-1?
An element has the configuration [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p3. What is t…
What type of bond is formed?
What type of bond is formed, as the electrons are shared betw…
chlorine
Which is larger as an ion: Na+1 or Cl-1?
[Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p3
An element has the configuration [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p3. What is t…
84 terms
IGCSE Chemistry Semester 1
Evidence of Particles
Factors Affecting the Rate of Diffusion
Impure Substances
Arrangement of Particles
1. Dust particles in the air in bright sunlight... 2. Diffusion
1. Mass of the particles... 2. Temperature
When a substance contains an impurity, the melting point fall…
Solids- The particles are arranged in a fixed pattern called…
Evidence of Particles
1. Dust particles in the air in bright sunlight... 2. Diffusion
Factors Affecting the Rate of Diffusion
1. Mass of the particles... 2. Temperature
105 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry Review
Chemistry
Scientific Method
Theory
Natural Law
The science that deals with the materials of the universe and…
The process that lies at the center of scientific inquiry.
A set of tested hypotheses that gives an overall explanation…
A statement that expresses a generally observed behavior.
Chemistry
The science that deals with the materials of the universe and…
Scientific Method
The process that lies at the center of scientific inquiry.
35 terms
Semester 1 Science Exam Revision Questions- Chemistry
horizontal
number of electron shells
vertical
number of valence shell electrons
Are periods vertical or horizontal?
What does each period tell us?
Are groups vertical or horizontal?
What does each group tell us?
horizontal
Are periods vertical or horizontal?
number of electron shells
What does each period tell us?
42 terms
Chemistry Vocabulary Semester 1
chemical
chemical reaction
reactant
product
any substance that has adefinite composition
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
chemical
any substance that has adefinite composition
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
16 terms
Chemistry - Semester 1
Evaporation
Condensation
Precipitation
Distillation
Water turning into gas
Water vapor turning into droplets (clouds)
Water falling from the sky
Purifying water by turning it into steam
Evaporation
Water turning into gas
Condensation
Water vapor turning into droplets (clouds)
131 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
Mass
Weight
Density
Metalloids
- measure of amount of matter... - doesn't depend on location &…
- measure of gravitational pull of matter... - dependent on loca…
- mass/volume... - physical & intensive property
- between metals/non metals & share some characterisitics... - s…
Mass
- measure of amount of matter... - doesn't depend on location &…
Weight
- measure of gravitational pull of matter... - dependent on loca…
107 terms
Chemistry-Semester 1 FINAL
centi
milli
kilo
the seven diatomics
c 0.01 10¯2 (100 cm/m)
m 0.001 10¯3 (1000 mg/g)
k 1,000 103 (1000 g/kg)
H2, O2, F2, Br2, I2, N2, Cl2
centi
c 0.01 10¯2 (100 cm/m)
milli
m 0.001 10¯3 (1000 mg/g)
17 terms
1st Semester Review-Science (Unit 1-Chemistry)
periods are horizontal or vertical? wh…
groups are horizontal or vertical? wha…
what group is: solid, shinny, conducto…
what group is: usually solid, ductile,…
horizontal, shells of an atom
vertical, valance electrons
metals
metalloids
periods are horizontal or vertical? wh…
horizontal, shells of an atom
groups are horizontal or vertical? wha…
vertical, valance electrons
79 terms
Chemistry- Semester 1- Final
What kinds of properties do chemists a…
Physical property
Physical change is:
Examples of physical change:
State, small, color, etc.
Can be observed without changing the identity of the substanc…
A change that does not alter the identity of the substance
Change in state, separation of mixture, cutting, making solut…
What kinds of properties do chemists a…
State, small, color, etc.
Physical property
Can be observed without changing the identity of the substanc…
121 terms
Semester 1 - Chemistry 2016
Everyone
A watershed
Three
Yes
Miscellaneous: Who lives in a watershed?
Miscellaneous: The area where all of the water under the land…
Miscellaneous: How many major watershed basins does Berk's Co…
Quiz: Can all matter move from one state to another?
Everyone
Miscellaneous: Who lives in a watershed?
A watershed
Miscellaneous: The area where all of the water under the land…
Chemistry: Semester 1 Vocab
coefficients
law of constants compositions
hypothesis
alkaline earth metal
large numbers written in front of chemical formulas in a chem…
a compound is always made of the same number and type of atom…
an educated guess used to explain observations or observed ph…
elements in group 2, form cations with a positive 2 charge, m…
coefficients
large numbers written in front of chemical formulas in a chem…
law of constants compositions
a compound is always made of the same number and type of atom…
128 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
CO₃⁻²
PO₄⁻³
NO₃⁻¹
NH₄⁺¹
Carbonate
Phosphate
Nitrate
Ammonium
CO₃⁻²
Carbonate
PO₄⁻³
Phosphate
28 terms
Science Semester 2 - Chemistry
Reactants
Products
3 chemical formulae naming rules
2 criterion to balance an equation
(Substances we start the reaction with) always on the left
(Substances formed during a reaction) always on the right
1- if two elements are joined together, the name usually ends…
1- same number of atoms on both sides... 2- same number of each…
Reactants
(Substances we start the reaction with) always on the left
Products
(Substances formed during a reaction) always on the right
148 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
Test Tube Rack
Heat Resistant Gloves
Stirring Rod
Thermometer
Used to hold multiple test tubes.
Used to protect hands from hot objects.
Used to mix together chemicals in a beaker or test tube.
Used to measure the temperature of substances.
Test Tube Rack
Used to hold multiple test tubes.
Heat Resistant Gloves
Used to protect hands from hot objects.
34 terms
Chemistry Semester 1
metrics
Sig Figs not counting zeros
Sig Figs counting zeros
Matter
leading zeros: 0.0025, 0.0000006798
Captive Zeros: 2008... Trailing Zeros(after a decimal): 41.000
Anything that has mass and takes up space
metrics
Sig Figs not counting zeros
leading zeros: 0.0025, 0.0000006798
34 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
chloride test
Litmus with acid
Litmus with base
phenolphthalein with acid
1. AgNO3 (Silver Nitrate)... 2. NH4OH (Ammonium Hydroxide)... 3. HN…
red
blue
clear
chloride test
1. AgNO3 (Silver Nitrate)... 2. NH4OH (Ammonium Hydroxide)... 3. HN…
Litmus with acid
red
144 terms
Chemistry Semester 1
proton
electron
neutron
atomic number
positively charged subatomic particle
negatively charged subatomic particle
subatomic particle with no charge
the number of protons in the nucleus of the element
proton
positively charged subatomic particle
electron
negatively charged subatomic particle
Chemistry Final Semester 1
quantitative
qualitative
matter
control
numerical information describing how much, how little, how bi…
information describing color, odor, shape, or some other phys…
anything that has mass and takes up space
the standard used for comparison
quantitative
numerical information describing how much, how little, how bi…
qualitative
information describing color, odor, shape, or some other phys…
157 terms
HS Chemistry Semester 1
atoms
properties of a substance
Chemistry
scientific law
submicroscopic particle that constitute the fundamental build…
determined by the number of atoms and the arrangement of the…
the science that seeks to understand the behavior of matter b…
describes why nature does it
atoms
submicroscopic particle that constitute the fundamental build…
properties of a substance
determined by the number of atoms and the arrangement of the…
92 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
biochemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
the study of compounds containing carbon
the study of substances in general that do not contain carbon
the area of chemistry that focuses on processes that take pla…
chemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
organic chemistry
the study of compounds containing carbon
195 terms
Chemistry terms-Semester 1
Endothermic
Exothermic
First Law of Thermodynamics
Equation for Q(energy)
When heat is absorbed; +Q
When heat is released; -Q
The energy of the universe is constant
Q=mC∆T
Endothermic
When heat is absorbed; +Q
Exothermic
When heat is released; -Q
117 terms
Coopersmith Chemistry Semester 1
Phosphate
Sulfate
Carbonate
Chromate
PO₄⁻³
SO₄⁻²
CO₃⁻²
CrO₄⁻²
Phosphate
PO₄⁻³
Sulfate
SO₄⁻²
78 terms
CHEMISTRY SEMESTER 1 REVIEW
Theory
Law
Scientific Method
Sig Figs
An explanation of why what is seen in observations is occ…
A summary of what is seen in observations
A procedure for solving problems
Significant figures
Theory
An explanation of why what is seen in observations is occ…
Law
A summary of what is seen in observations
37 terms
chemistry semester 1 final
heterogeneous
homogeneous
accuracy
precision
parts are not distributed evenly (ex. pizza)
parts are distributed evenly (ex. vinegar)
how close a measurement is to the true value (average when yo…
how close a set of measurements are to eachother
heterogeneous
parts are not distributed evenly (ex. pizza)
homogeneous
parts are distributed evenly (ex. vinegar)
13 terms
Semester Review Science CHEMISTRY
Endothermic
Exothermic
Subscript
Coefficient
Abosrbs heat which makes surrounding cooler- instant ice pack
Releases heat which makes surrounding hot- a candle
How many atoms of the element, after the subscripts, there is…
tells you how many molecules of that compound there is
Endothermic
Abosrbs heat which makes surrounding cooler- instant ice pack
Exothermic
Releases heat which makes surrounding hot- a candle
120 terms
Chemistry Exam Semester 1
Proton (p+)
Electron (e-)
Neutron (n)
Atomic Number
A particle with a positive electrical charge (+1)
A particle with a negative electrical charge (-1)
An electrically neutral particle
The number of protons in a number
Proton (p+)
A particle with a positive electrical charge (+1)
Electron (e-)
A particle with a negative electrical charge (-1)
54 terms
Chemistry semester 1 Final
Aufbau principle
Pauli exclusion principle
Hund's rule
Intensive properties
Filling up each orbital before moving on
Electrons go in opposite directions in pairs of two
Electrons repel each other, will fill energy level before pai…
Independent of matter in substance (melting, boiling point, m…
Aufbau principle
Filling up each orbital before moving on
Pauli exclusion principle
Electrons go in opposite directions in pairs of two
136 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry Review.
biochemistry
physical chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
the study of the processes that take place in organisms
concerned with the mechanism, rate, and energy transfer that…
the study of all chemicals containing carbon
the study of chemicals that, in general, do not contain carbon
biochemistry
the study of the processes that take place in organisms
physical chemistry
concerned with the mechanism, rate, and energy transfer that…
33 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 FINAL
prefix for 1
prefix for 2
prefix for 3
prefix for 4
mono
di
tri
tetra
prefix for 1
mono
prefix for 2
di
33 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
John Dalton:
JJ Thompson:
Ernest Rutherford:
Niels Bohr:
1.) All elements are composed of indivisible particles called…
Discovered the electron... Electrons are randomly scattered ... thr…
Most of an atom is empty space... Came up with the nuclear model…
Studied electron behavior.... Looked at how electrons transfer e…
John Dalton:
1.) All elements are composed of indivisible particles called…
JJ Thompson:
Discovered the electron... Electrons are randomly scattered ... thr…
30 terms
Chemistry semester 2 science
Matter
Atom
Substance
Element
Is anything that has mass and takes up space
Is a small particle that is building block of matter
Is matter with a composition that is always the same
Is a substance that consists of just one type of atom
Matter
Is anything that has mass and takes up space
Atom
Is a small particle that is building block of matter
73 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
Put SI unit prefixes in order from sma…
Kilo
Hecto
Deka
kilo... hecto ... deka... deci... centi... milli
1000
100
10
Put SI unit prefixes in order from sma…
kilo... hecto ... deka... deci... centi... milli
Kilo
1000
72 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry Vocabulary
Chemistry
Accuracy
Precision
Mass Number
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
the closeness of a measurement to the true value of what is b…
describes the closeness of a set of measurements taken under…
The total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus.
Chemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
Accuracy
the closeness of a measurement to the true value of what is b…
108 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
Prefix: 9
Prefix: 6
Prefix: 3
Prefix: -3
Giga
Mega
Kilo
Milli
Prefix: 9
Giga
Prefix: 6
Mega
22 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry Final
element
atom
matter
properties
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristics used to describe an object
element
substance that CANNOT be chemically broken down into simpler…
atom
smallest part of an element that can be identified as that el…
108 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
Prefix: 9
Prefix: 6
Prefix: 3
Prefix: -3
Giga
Mega
Kilo
Milli
Prefix: 9
Giga
Prefix: 6
Mega
152 terms
Final - Semester 1- Chemistry
Chemistry
Measurement
Metric System
Kilo
The study of matter... ~Its properties... ~Its structure... ~How energ…
~Quantitative observation... ~Includes units and numbers
~Based on powers of 10... ~Uses a base unit for each type of mea…
What is the metric system prefix for the power 10^3?
Chemistry
The study of matter... ~Its properties... ~Its structure... ~How energ…
Measurement
~Quantitative observation... ~Includes units and numbers
135 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
cation
physical properties of matter
elements
compounds
Positively charged ion
Physical properties can be measured without changing a substa…
Cannot be broken down into any other simpler substance
2 or more elements chemically bonded
cation
Positively charged ion
physical properties of matter
Physical properties can be measured without changing a substa…
110 terms
Chemistry Semester 1: Review
What two classifications of matter can…
Which one of the following is a pure s…
Which one of the following is often ea…
Of solids, liquids and gases which one…
Elements and compounds
D) elemental copper
A) heterogeneous mixture
gases
What two classifications of matter can…
Elements and compounds
Which one of the following is a pure s…
D) elemental copper
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