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Study sets matching "semester 1 science chemistry"

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Study sets matching "semester 1 science chemistry"

103 terms
chemistry semester 1
chemistry
substance
mass
weight
the study of matter and the changes it under goes
matter that has a definite shape and uniform composition
actual amount of material contained
force exerted by the gravity on that object
chemistry
the study of matter and the changes it under goes
substance
matter that has a definite shape and uniform composition
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
Composition
Decomposition
Combustion
Single Replacement
a type of reaction where you put things together... Example: 2H2…
a type of reaction where something breaks down... Example: H2CO3…
a type of reaction where something blows up or burns; always…
a type of reaction where one thing replaces another; shady gi…
Composition
a type of reaction where you put things together... Example: 2H2…
Decomposition
a type of reaction where something breaks down... Example: H2CO3…
103 terms
chemistry semester 1
chemistry
substance
mass
weight
the study of matter and the changes it under goes
matter that has a definite shape and uniform composition
actual amount of material contained
force exerted by the gravity on that object
chemistry
the study of matter and the changes it under goes
substance
matter that has a definite shape and uniform composition
96 terms
Chemistry Semester 1
Z
A
C
Isotope Name
number of protons... atomic number... bottom left corner
number of protons+number of neutrons... atomic mass... top left cor…
number of protons-number of electrons... net charge... top right co…
Element-mass (#)
Z
number of protons... atomic number... bottom left corner
A
number of protons+number of neutrons... atomic mass... top left cor…
35 terms
Chemistry Semester 1
mass
matter
weight
quantitative
amount of matter in a substance
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of matter on Earth's gravitational pull
a numerical property Ex- how tall, how short
mass
amount of matter in a substance
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
62 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
bottom
D=mass/change in volume
Schrodinger- electron cloud model
nucleus
When comparing the densities of an object, the greater densit…
Calculating density formula
What model best describes the understanding of the atom
Most of an atoms mass is located in the _____________.
bottom
When comparing the densities of an object, the greater densit…
D=mass/change in volume
Calculating density formula
55 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry
Dalton
Thomson
Rutherford
Millikan
Atomic Theory... • All matter is composed of extremely small par…
Discovered electron using cathode ray tube... Plum-pudding model
Gold-foil experiment... Discovered nucleus... Discovered proton…
Oil-drop experiment... Calculated the charge of an electron... Us…
Dalton
Atomic Theory... • All matter is composed of extremely small par…
Thomson
Discovered electron using cathode ray tube... Plum-pudding model
26 terms
Chemistry (Semester 1)
Acetate
Nitrite
Nitrate
Cyanide
Acetate
Nitrite
39 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
What are the different states of matte…
What is the difference between a gas a…
Identify the difference between a chem…
What is the difference between an exte…
Solid- form of matter that has it's own definite shape and vo…
Vapor refers to the gaseous state of substance that is a soli…
-A chemical property is the ability of a substance to combine…
-Extensive: depends on the amount of substance... ex: mass, len…
What are the different states of matte…
Solid- form of matter that has it's own definite shape and vo…
What is the difference between a gas a…
Vapor refers to the gaseous state of substance that is a soli…
43 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
How many ounces would be in 25 Kilogra…
How many milliliters are in 75 gallons?
What is the definition of an element?
What is the definition of a compound?
881.49 ounces
283906 milliliters
- Made of the same kind of atom ... -can't be broken down into s…
- combo of elements ... -can be broken down into simpler substan…
How many ounces would be in 25 Kilogra…
881.49 ounces
How many milliliters are in 75 gallons?
283906 milliliters
65 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
Single-Displacement Reaction
Double-Displacement Reaction
Combustion Reaction
Balance an equation
One element replaces a similar element in a compound. ... ex. ... A…
The ions of two compounds exchange places in an aqueous solut…
A substance combines with oxygen, releasing a large amount of…
1. Balance the formula according to the law of conservation o…
Single-Displacement Reaction
One element replaces a similar element in a compound. ... ex. ... A…
Double-Displacement Reaction
The ions of two compounds exchange places in an aqueous solut…
60 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
Kilo
Milli
Centi
Round answers to the least to the righ…
1 K__ = 1000 __
1 __ = 1000 m__
1 __ = 100 c__
What are the rules for determining significant figures when a…
Kilo
1 K__ = 1000 __
Milli
1 __ = 1000 m__
20 terms
Semester 1: Chemistry
History of Atomic Structure (People)+…
What are isotopes?
What's the emission spectrum?
What's the ground state?
Dalton (pool ball)... Thomson (plum pudding)... Rutherford (Gold Fo…
Different isotopes of an element have a different mass number…
The different wave lengths of electrons.
The lowest state of an atom (electrons in usual shells)
History of Atomic Structure (People)+…
Dalton (pool ball)... Thomson (plum pudding)... Rutherford (Gold Fo…
What are isotopes?
Different isotopes of an element have a different mass number…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
201 terms
Honors Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
matter
chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
anything that has mass and occupies space
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
the study of compounds containing carbon
the study of substances that, in general, do not contain carbon
matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
chemistry
the study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
23 terms
Chemistry Chapter 1: The Science of Chemistry
properties of matter
solids
liquids
gases
solid, liquid, or gas
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
have fixed volume but not a fixed shape... particles are arrange…
have neither fixed volume nor fixed shape... particles weakly at…
properties of matter
solid, liquid, or gas
solids
have fixed volume and shape... particles are arranged in a rigid…
21 terms
Chemistry Terms - Semester 1
Democritus
Dalton
Thompson
Rutherford
realized elements were "atoms" (uncuttable) at a certain poin…
elements composed of atoms, chemical reactions are rearrangem…
discovered electron through Crooks Tube experiment, "Plum Pud…
gold foil experiment, atoms have small/dense positive regions…
Democritus
realized elements were "atoms" (uncuttable) at a certain poin…
Dalton
elements composed of atoms, chemical reactions are rearrangem…
297 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
What branch of science holds the organ…
What is inorganic chemistry?
What is organic chemistry?
What is biochemistry?
Chemistry
The study of matter not containing carbon
The study of matter containing carbon
The study of chemical processes that take place in organisms
What branch of science holds the organ…
Chemistry
What is inorganic chemistry?
The study of matter not containing carbon
68 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Final
What are the steps of the Scientific M…
What is matter?
Physical Property-
Chemical Property-
Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, Data, Conclusion
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Properties of a substance that can be observed or measured wi…
Can not be changed with out changing the identity of the subs…
What are the steps of the Scientific M…
Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, Data, Conclusion
What is matter?
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
188 terms
Chemistry 1 Finals Semester 1
Beaker
Erlenmeyer Flask
Graduated Cylinder
Test Tubes in a Rack
What equipment is this: A container for stirring, mixing, and…
What equipment is this: A flask for pouring solutions; short…
What equipment is this: Measures volume.
What equipment is this: Holds hot test tubes.
Beaker
What equipment is this: A container for stirring, mixing, and…
Erlenmeyer Flask
What equipment is this: A flask for pouring solutions; short…
53 terms
chemistry semester 1 final
ask questions
physical properties (define)
physical properties (examples)
physical changes (define)
what is the first and most important step of the scientific m…
can be measured or seen without changing the matter itself
volume, mass, weight, density, color, ductility
a change in matter without changing what it is made of
ask questions
what is the first and most important step of the scientific m…
physical properties (define)
can be measured or seen without changing the matter itself
25 terms
Devine, Chemistry, 2015 Semester 1
1. Matter
2. Mass
3. Volume
4. Independent variable
anything that has mass and takes up space
a measure of how much matter an object contains
how much space is occupied by matter
the thing in an experiment that the scientist changes; also c…
1. Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
2. Mass
a measure of how much matter an object contains
229 terms
Physical Science Semester 1
matter
properties
mass
inertia
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristics of matter
the amount of matter in an object
the resistance of an object to changes in its motion
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
properties
characteristics of matter
308 terms
chemistry semester 1 final
mega-
kilo-
deca-
deci-
M, 10⁶
k, 10³
da, 10
d, 10⁻¹
mega-
M, 10⁶
kilo-
k, 10³
148 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 2015
orbital notation
electrons are shared
electrons are transferred
electrons are homeless
arrow thing
covalent bonding
ionic bonding
metallic bonding
orbital notation
arrow thing
electrons are shared
covalent bonding
116 terms
chemistry (in the community) Semester 1
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the study of matter and energy
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter (how much)
the force of gravity on a mass
chemistry
the study of matter and energy
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
60 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
accuracy
Percent error
precision
systematic error
a measure of your ability to produce an experimental value th…
a measure of your ability to produce the same experimental va…
always occurs on the same side of the accepted value (proper…
accuracy
a measure of your ability to produce an experimental value th…
Percent error
158 terms
Chemistry Riordan Semester 1 Final
LOOKING for another more extensive Stu…
Chemistry Final Semester 1 Study Guide…
molecule
mole
https://docs.google.com/a/ndpsaints.org/document/d/1bN7HE_VLO…
Thanks!
two or more atoms that covalently bond together to form a unit
the SI base unit for measuring the amount of a substance, def…
LOOKING for another more extensive Stu…
https://docs.google.com/a/ndpsaints.org/document/d/1bN7HE_VLO…
Chemistry Final Semester 1 Study Guide…
Thanks!
40 terms
Earth Science Semester 1 Review
elliptical
moon craters
nebular theory
Earth's layers
planetary orbit
depressions tht last forever because the moon does not have w…
A huge cloud of dust and gas formed our solar system
formed due to different densities of the elements
elliptical
planetary orbit
moon craters
depressions tht last forever because the moon does not have w…
64 terms
chemistry semester 1
period
group
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
Horizontal row in the periodic table
The elements within a single vertical column of the Periodic…
Group 1A, highly reactive
Group 2A
period
Horizontal row in the periodic table
group
The elements within a single vertical column of the Periodic…
97 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Exam
Chemistry
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Data
The study of matter and how it changes.
CHANGED in a controlled manner
Changes as a result of changing the independent variable.
Recorded observations or measurements
Chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes.
Independent Variable
CHANGED in a controlled manner
108 terms
CHEMISTRY SEMESTER 1 FINALS
John Dalton
J.J. Thomson
Ernest Rutherford
Niels Bohr
(dalton's five principles)... -all matter is composed of extreme…
-put electricity through a cathode tube with gas and touched…
-experiment to see how alpha particles work so he shot partic…
-according to physics, opposites should attract, so Rutherfor…
John Dalton
(dalton's five principles)... -all matter is composed of extreme…
J.J. Thomson
-put electricity through a cathode tube with gas and touched…
50 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 review
A chemical Formula:... a. Shows the eleme…
You have a sample of cobalt chloride w…
The particles of a solid have all the…
What is not a sign of a chemical react…
a. Shows the elements in a compound
b. density of 3.356 g/cm
c. easily compressed
change of color
A chemical Formula:... a. Shows the eleme…
a. Shows the elements in a compound
You have a sample of cobalt chloride w…
b. density of 3.356 g/cm
134 terms
chemistry semester 1
chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
scientific method
study the characteristics and composition of stuff and the ch…
study stuff containing carbon
study off that does not contain carbon
an investigation of cycling through observations and interpre…
chemistry
study the characteristics and composition of stuff and the ch…
organic chemistry
study stuff containing carbon
9 terms
Home science semester 1
Acid
Base
Acids and Bases
pH indicator
a chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis (bases), a corr…
a substance that in aqueous solution, is slippery to the touc…
examples
A chemical detector that changes colour to visually determine…
Acid
a chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis (bases), a corr…
Base
a substance that in aqueous solution, is slippery to the touc…
71 terms
Chemistry Final Semester 1
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Vapor
has definite shape and volume, does not conform to the shape…
flows and take the shape of container, volume is constant, vi…
have no definite shape or volume, expand to fill container, e…
substance in a gaseous state that is a liquid at room temp
Solid
has definite shape and volume, does not conform to the shape…
Liquid
flows and take the shape of container, volume is constant, vi…
82 terms
Chemistry Vocab Semester 1
Chemistry
Chemical
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
Study of composition, structure, and propertires of matter an…
any substance that has a definite composition
The study of most carbon containing compounds
Study of all substances not classified as organic, mainly tho…
Chemistry
Study of composition, structure, and propertires of matter an…
Chemical
any substance that has a definite composition
79 terms
Chemistry 1 Semester exam
Element
Mixture
Compound
Extensive Properties
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, stabl…
vary in composition and may be homogeneous or heterogeneous
can be broken down, two or more types of elements
depend on the amount of matter present... Ex: volume & mass
Element
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, stabl…
Mixture
vary in composition and may be homogeneous or heterogeneous
75 terms
Chemistry Final (Semester 1)
In division and multiplication, the an…
If several measurements agree closely…
By making several measurements with th…
The measurement that has only one nons…
number in the calculation with the fewest significant figures
precise but not accurate
precise
0.000045mL
In division and multiplication, the an…
number in the calculation with the fewest significant figures
If several measurements agree closely…
precise but not accurate
361 terms
Physical Science - Semester 1
Inertia
Mass
Weight
Kilogram
the property by which objects resist changes in motion
the quantity of matter in an object or the measure of the ine…
the force due to gravity on an object
the unit of mass
Inertia
the property by which objects resist changes in motion
Mass
the quantity of matter in an object or the measure of the ine…
113 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry
Why study chemistry?
Scientific Method
Theory
Law
Central science
1. State a problem and make observations. 2. Make a hypothesi…
Explains a law
What always can be observed
Why study chemistry?
Central science
Scientific Method
1. State a problem and make observations. 2. Make a hypothesi…
35 terms
Chemistry Exam Semester 1
What is Chemistry?
What is matter
What are the 5 main areas of study in…
Ways chemistry is useful
The study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
• All living and nonliving things are matter... •Anything that o…
Organic,inorganic, biochemistry, analytical, and physical che…
Explains natural world, prepares people for career opportunit…
What is Chemistry?
The study of the composition of matter and the changes that m…
What is matter
• All living and nonliving things are matter... •Anything that o…
43 terms
Semester 1 Chemistry Vocabulary
Chemistry
Scientific Method
Theory
Natural Law
Can be defined as the science that deals with the materials o…
The process that lies at the center of scientific inquiry
Is a set of tested hypothesis at the gives overall explanatio…
Formulate such generally observed behavior into a statement
Chemistry
Can be defined as the science that deals with the materials o…
Scientific Method
The process that lies at the center of scientific inquiry
143 terms
Chemistry: Semester 1 Final
Chemistry
Matter
Intensive properties
Extensive properties
The study of the composition and properties of matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Property that does not depend on how much you have
Property that does depend on how much you have
Chemistry
The study of the composition and properties of matter
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
100 terms
Earth Science Semester 1
Mineral
Crystal
Magma
Hardness
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemical…
Solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating p…
Hot melted rock material below Earth's surface
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
Mineral
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid with a definite chemical…
Crystal
Solid in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating p…
25 terms
Chemistry Semester 1 Review
Stoichiometry
Mole
Theoretical Yield
Diatomic Elements
the part of chemistry that studies amounts of substances that…
the number of particles in a mole is = to 6.02 * 10^23 of wha…
the amount you expect to get from a reaction based on your ca…
H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
Stoichiometry
the part of chemistry that studies amounts of substances that…
Mole
the number of particles in a mole is = to 6.02 * 10^23 of wha…
40 terms
Year 10 Chemistry Semester 1
Three sub-atomic particles
Relative mass of sub-atomic particles
How many protons, electrons and neutro…
Element
Protons and neutrons in the nucleus... Electrons in shells aroun…
Protons and neutrons: 1... Electrons... 1/2000
3 protons, ... 3 electrons and 4 neutrons
A pure substance, made up of only 1 type of atom
Three sub-atomic particles
Protons and neutrons in the nucleus... Electrons in shells aroun…
Relative mass of sub-atomic particles
Protons and neutrons: 1... Electrons... 1/2000
179 terms
Honors Chemistry Semester 1
what is a combustion reaction?
combustion reaction
what is a synthesis reaction?
synthesis reaction
A combustion reaction occurs when oxygen combines with anothe…
C₀H₀ + O₂ → CO₂ + H₂O + heat
A synthesis reaction occurs when two or more simple compounds…
A + B → AB
what is a combustion reaction?
A combustion reaction occurs when oxygen combines with anothe…
combustion reaction
C₀H₀ + O₂ → CO₂ + H₂O + heat
103 terms
Chemistry NDCL Semester 1
Lab Safety
Personal Safety Items
Classroom Safety Items
Steps of how to use a fire extinguisher
-act responsible... -no extra bags... -follow instructions... -don't e…
-googles... -apron... -gloves
-safety shower... -eye wash... -first aid... -fire blanket... -fire extin…
PASS... Pull... Aim... Squeeze... Sweep
Lab Safety
-act responsible... -no extra bags... -follow instructions... -don't e…
Personal Safety Items
-googles... -apron... -gloves
52 terms
Chemistry review semester 1
what are the five main areas of chemis…
what is organic chemistry
what is inorganic chemistry
what is analytical chemistry
organic, inorganic, analytical, physical,biochemical
study of substances with carbon
study of substances without carbon
science of determining the composition of materials
what are the five main areas of chemis…
organic, inorganic, analytical, physical,biochemical
what is organic chemistry
study of substances with carbon
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