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Study sets matching "semester 2 bio genetics mitosis"

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Study sets matching "semester 2 bio genetics mitosis"

9 terms
Biology Semester 2: Mitosis Circle
4 phases of mitosis
interphase
prophase
metaphase
-interphase... -prophase... -metaphase... -anaphase... -telophase
-centrioles... -chromatin... -nucleolus... -nuclear membrane
-spindle fibers... -centrioles... -nuclear membrane... -chromosome... -ce…
-aster... -centrioles... -spindle fibers... -chromosome... -centromere... -m…
4 phases of mitosis
-interphase... -prophase... -metaphase... -anaphase... -telophase
interphase
-centrioles... -chromatin... -nucleolus... -nuclear membrane
25 terms
Biology Genetics and Mitosis/Meiosis
Allele
heterozygous
Homozygous
Genotype
Different form of a gene
Different Allele Tt
Same Allele TT
Genetic Makeup
Allele
Different form of a gene
heterozygous
Different Allele Tt
16 terms
Semester 2: Biology (Genetics Vocabulary)
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
Different Versions of a gene
The expressed form of character
A trait that is not expressed when the dominant form is present
When the 2 alleles of a particular gene present of an individ…
Allele
Different Versions of a gene
Dominant
The expressed form of character
41 terms
BIOLOGY FINAL STUDY GUIDE Semester 1 (Part 2: Protein Synthesis, Mitosis/Meiosis, Genetics, Taxonomy)
Protein Synthesis
DNA stands for ______ _____ ____.
RNA stands for _____ _____ _____.
RNA contains what nitrogenous base ins…
Process of producing proteins through DNA
Deoxyribose(double strand) Nucleic Acid
Ribose(single strand) Nucleic Acid
Uracil
Protein Synthesis
Process of producing proteins through DNA
DNA stands for ______ _____ ____.
Deoxyribose(double strand) Nucleic Acid
Biology- Meiosis, Mitosis, Genetics
Homologous Chromosomes
Karyotype
Mitosis can create a new individual
2 ways to reproduce
the same of one pair (partners)
a map/listing of all chromosomes of a specific organism
false
sexual, asexual
Homologous Chromosomes
the same of one pair (partners)
Karyotype
a map/listing of all chromosomes of a specific organism
23 terms
Semester 2: Biology (Genetics Vocabulary)
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
Different Versions of a gene
The expressed form of character
A trait that is not expressed when the dominant form is present
When the 2 alleles of a particular gene present of an individ…
Allele
Different Versions of a gene
Dominant
The expressed form of character
Biology 9 Semester 2 Mitosis Final Vocabulary
Anaphase
Autosome
Binary Fission
Cell Plate
a phase of mitosis and meiosis in which the chromosomes separ…
a chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
an asexual cell division of prokaryotes that produces identic…
a membrane that divides newly forming plant cells following m…
Anaphase
a phase of mitosis and meiosis in which the chromosomes separ…
Autosome
a chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
73 terms
AP Biology Mitosis/Meiosis/Genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatin
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm o…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
28 terms
Biology- Genetics and Mitosis
"Father of Genetics"- How does this he…
"Tool" used to predict the outcome of…
An organism that always produces the s…
Passing of traits from parents to an o…
Gregory Mendel
Punnet Square
Purebred
Heredity
"Father of Genetics"- How does this he…
Gregory Mendel
"Tool" used to predict the outcome of…
Punnet Square
26 terms
AP Biology- Mitosis and Genetics
Functions of Cell Division
Prokaryotic Cell Division
Steps of Binary Fission
Eukaryotic Cell Division
reproduction, growth, repair
binary fission (division in 1/2)
bacterial DNA duplicated --> cell grows --> cell splits in 2
Interphase- G1, S, and G2 phases... Mitotic phase- mitosis & cyt…
Functions of Cell Division
reproduction, growth, repair
Prokaryotic Cell Division
binary fission (division in 1/2)
17 terms
Semester 2- Biology Final (Genetics)
Genome
Karyotype
Nondisjunction
Allele
entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
error in meiosis in which the homologous chromosomes fail to…
variation of a trait; form of a gene
Genome
entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in…
Karyotype
micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped…
48 terms
Biology: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics
Cell Cycle
Gap 1
-synthesis
Synthesis (S)
Essential for organism to grow and heal
1st stage of cell cycle; cell carries out normal functions
To make
2nd stage of cell cycle. It's when the cell copies DNA
Cell Cycle
Essential for organism to grow and heal
Gap 1
1st stage of cell cycle; cell carries out normal functions
14 terms
Biology semester 2 finals- Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Dominant trait
Recessive trait
Incomplete dominance
Founder of genetics research... bred peas to research genetics
expressed phenotypically in a heterozygous pair
not expressed in a heterozygous pair
inheritance in which heterozygotes express a blend of both tr…
Gregor Mendel
Founder of genetics research... bred peas to research genetics
Dominant trait
expressed phenotypically in a heterozygous pair
16 terms
Biology Semester 2 Exam Review Mitosis and Meiosis
What occurs during the G1 phase of the…
What occurs during the S phase of the…
What occurs during the G2 phase of the…
What occurs during the M phase of the…
Cell growth and preparation for DNA replication
DNA replication and chromatid duplication
More growth
Nuclear division and cell division
What occurs during the G1 phase of the…
Cell growth and preparation for DNA replication
What occurs during the S phase of the…
DNA replication and chromatid duplication
46 terms
Biology B Semester 2 Genetics & Human Genetics
Father of Genetics
Gregor Mendel was...
Heredity is...
Traits
Gregor Mendel
The 1st scientist to put down the results from experiencing p…
The scientific study of genetics
Characteristics that are inherited
Father of Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel was...
The 1st scientist to put down the results from experiencing p…
12 terms
Biology Semester 2 Final (Genetics)
Dominant Allele Definition
Recessive Allele Definition
Incomplete dominance Definition
Codominance Definition
An allele in a phenotype that masks the recessive allele
A weaker allele in a phenotype that can be masked by a domina…
The appearance in a heterozygote of a trait that is intermedi…
Neither allele is dominant or recessive and both get expressed
Dominant Allele Definition
An allele in a phenotype that masks the recessive allele
Recessive Allele Definition
A weaker allele in a phenotype that can be masked by a domina…
12 terms
Biology Semester 2 Genetics Vocab
Heterozygous
Homozygous
How many genes does it take for a domi…
How many genes does it take for a rece…
...
...
1 gene
2 genes
Heterozygous
...
Homozygous
...
Biology: DNA, Mitosis/meiosis, and Genetics
Types of Nucleotides
DNA construction
Intron
Rosalind Franklin
There are four types of nucleotides including Adenine, Thymin…
DNA is made out if a nitrogenous base + a phophorous base( ca…
its a DNA sequence within a gene that "clipped out" portions…
Female scientist that took a picture of DNA and never really…
Types of Nucleotides
There are four types of nucleotides including Adenine, Thymin…
DNA construction
DNA is made out if a nitrogenous base + a phophorous base( ca…
29 terms
Biology Mitosis/Meiosis and Genetics Final PT2
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
longest stage; chromatin condenses into chromosomes
lasts only a few minutes; chromosomes line up in the center o…
sister chromatids separate; continue to move apart until two…
chromosomes gather at opposite ends of the cell
prophase
longest stage; chromatin condenses into chromosomes
metaphase
lasts only a few minutes; chromosomes line up in the center o…
96 terms
Biology- Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics
Too many demands on DNA and not enough…
DNA overload
Cell division
It replicates all its DNA
Two main reasons why cells divide... ( what problems does gro…
When the cell is growing, it places greater demands on its DN…
The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells
What happens before the cell divides?
Too many demands on DNA and not enough…
Two main reasons why cells divide... ( what problems does gro…
DNA overload
When the cell is growing, it places greater demands on its DN…
13 terms
APBS Biology Semester 2 Exam (Mitosis)
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
In this stage the chromosomes become visible and the centriol…
In this stage the chromosomes line up across the centre of th…
In this stage the sister chromatids separate into individual…
During this stage the chromosomes gather at opposite ends of…
Prophase
In this stage the chromosomes become visible and the centriol…
Metaphase
In this stage the chromosomes line up across the centre of th…
75 terms
Biology Meiosis, Mitosis, Genetics.
Incomplete dominance
Co-dominance
Epistasis
Poly genetic inheritance
Neither gene is completely dominant both expressed a mixing e…
Both alleles are expressed in separate distinguishable ways a…
Expression of a gene at one location affects or alters gene a…
Many GENES coding for one trait, many genes help determine ho…
Incomplete dominance
Neither gene is completely dominant both expressed a mixing e…
Co-dominance
Both alleles are expressed in separate distinguishable ways a…
29 terms
Biology Semester 2 Final- Genetics
Gregor Mendel
genetics
fertilization
trait
experimented with plants for genetic studies (garden peas)
scientific study of heredity
a process in which male and female reproductive cells join
specific characteristic (e.g. seed color, plant height, etc.)
Gregor Mendel
experimented with plants for genetic studies (garden peas)
genetics
scientific study of heredity
16 terms
Biology Semester 2 Exam Review Mitosis and Meiosis
What occurs during the G1 phase of the…
What occurs during the S phase of the…
What occurs during the G2 phase of the…
What occurs during the M phase of the…
Cell growth and preparation for DNA replication
DNA replication and chromatid duplication
More growth
Nuclear division and cell division
What occurs during the G1 phase of the…
Cell growth and preparation for DNA replication
What occurs during the S phase of the…
DNA replication and chromatid duplication
47 terms
Biology genetics and mitosis vocab
law of dominance
nondisjunction
law of segregation
multiple alleles
states some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
when homologous chromosomes are not separating properly
states that the members of each pair of alleles separate when…
more than 2 alleles for a possible gene ex: blood type
law of dominance
states some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
nondisjunction
when homologous chromosomes are not separating properly
20 terms
Biology Unit 4 Genetics/Mitosis
Genetics
trait
Chromosomes
23 pairs
the study of inheritance
A gene is the section of DNA that produces a __________
a strand of DNA having many genes
humans have __________ of chromosomes for a total of 46 chrom…
Genetics
the study of inheritance
trait
A gene is the section of DNA that produces a __________
20 terms
Biology: Semester 2 Final Exam - Genetics
Compare genes, DNA and chromosomes.
What are alleles?
What does it mean for an allele to be…
What is the difference between a genot…
Chromosome: two double helixes of genes... Genes: Contain DNA
Different forms of a gene.
Recessive only expresses its phenotype in the presence of ano…
Genotype = genetic makeup... Phenotype = physical outcome of gen…
Compare genes, DNA and chromosomes.
Chromosome: two double helixes of genes... Genes: Contain DNA
What are alleles?
Different forms of a gene.
14 terms
Biology mitosis and genetics vocab
Haploid
Diploid
Homologous chromosomes
Fertilization
A cell that has a single (unpaired) set of chromosomes
A cell that has a double (paired) set of chromosomes. The cel…
Parked sets of chromosomes that carry the same genes (but may…
The point at which the sperm and egg combine to make a diploi…
Haploid
A cell that has a single (unpaired) set of chromosomes
Diploid
A cell that has a double (paired) set of chromosomes. The cel…
42 terms
Biology: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Genetics
inheritance
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
gametes
every living thing - plant or animal, microbe or human being…
1 parent (mitosis)
2 parents (meiosis)
sex cells (egg/sperm)
inheritance
every living thing - plant or animal, microbe or human being…
asexual reproduction
1 parent (mitosis)
Biology Genetics and Mitosis Test
DNA Overload
Interphase
G1 Phase
S Phase
The instructions for the cell can only be in charge of so man…
-Broken into 3 phases... -90% of a cells life... -When the cells ar…
The stage when the cell is:... -Growing ... -Fighting Infections... -B…
When all 46 strands of DNA are copied (DNA Synthesis)
DNA Overload
The instructions for the cell can only be in charge of so man…
Interphase
-Broken into 3 phases... -90% of a cells life... -When the cells ar…
48 terms
Biology Genetics and Mitosis Test
Healthy Cells
Metastasis
Immortal
Ways to Stop Cancer
follow rules of contact inhibition (when to stop growing)... fol…
break free from the original site and through out the body... wi…
a bad cell continues to divide with not stop
Surgery - remove it in the beginning... Chemo-Therapy - chemical…
Healthy Cells
follow rules of contact inhibition (when to stop growing)... fol…
Metastasis
break free from the original site and through out the body... wi…
55 terms
Biology - Mitosis, Meiosis and Genetics
What is the cell cycle?
What are the 5 steps to the cell cycle?
Which steps are included in interphase?
What happens in the G1 phase?
repeated cell growth, DNA replication and divisions during th…
G1 Phase, S Phase, G2 Phase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
G1 Phase, S Phase, G2 Phase
cell grows and makes new organelles
What is the cell cycle?
repeated cell growth, DNA replication and divisions during th…
What are the 5 steps to the cell cycle?
G1 Phase, S Phase, G2 Phase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis
31 terms
Biology-Mitosis/Meiosis/Genetics
List the 4 phases of mitosis in the co…
Which type of cell division occurs in…
Which type of cell division produces e…
How many chromosomes are present in no…
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
mitosis
Meiosis
23
List the 4 phases of mitosis in the co…
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Which type of cell division occurs in…
mitosis
73 terms
AP Biology Mitosis/Meiosis/Genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatin
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm o…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
102 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Genetics and Evolution
Why do cells divide
How do Prokaryotes reproduce
What are chromosomes made of?
When do chromosomes start to condense?
1. Reproduction... 2. Growth and Development... 3. Tissue renewal/r…
Binary Fission
Chromatin
After DNA replication
Why do cells divide
1. Reproduction... 2. Growth and Development... 3. Tissue renewal/r…
How do Prokaryotes reproduce
Binary Fission
83 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Genetics and Evolution
Why do cells divide
How do Prokaryotes reproduce
What are chromosomes made of?
When do chromosomes start to condense?
1. Reproduction... 2. Growth and Development... 3. Tissue renewal/r…
Binary Fission
Chromatin
After DNA replication
Why do cells divide
1. Reproduction... 2. Growth and Development... 3. Tissue renewal/r…
How do Prokaryotes reproduce
Binary Fission
32 terms
Mitosis Semester 2
Growth
Mitosis
What type of creature uses mitosis?
Cycle of cell mitosis
Making more cells by a type of cell division called mitosis
type of cell division in which a single cell produces two ide…
Multi cellular organisms use mitosis to grow and repair thems…
G1 Cell grows- S Genetic material duplicates- G3 cell prepare…
Growth
Making more cells by a type of cell division called mitosis
Mitosis
type of cell division in which a single cell produces two ide…
11 terms
Biology Semester 2 (Unit 5: Genetics)
Gregor Mendel
Genotype
Pheotype
Homozygous
1. Monk, teacher, and gardener.... 2. Pea Plants- Noticed traits…
Genetic coding... i.e. dd, DD
Physical gene ... i.e. blue eyes, tall, skinny, blonde
Two of the same. ... i.e. homozygous dominant, homozygous recess…
Gregor Mendel
1. Monk, teacher, and gardener.... 2. Pea Plants- Noticed traits…
Genotype
Genetic coding... i.e. dd, DD
73 terms
AP Biology Mitosis/Meiosis/Genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatin
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm o…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
13 terms
intro to genetics part 2 semester 2 biology
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
cell division
reproduction
blank means combining genetic material from two parents
blank produces offspring genetically identical to the one par…
blank is how organisms grow and repair themselves.
blank is the process by which organisms give rise to offsprin…
sexual reproduction
blank means combining genetic material from two parents
asexual reproduction
blank produces offspring genetically identical to the one par…
74 terms
AP Biology Mitosis/Meiosis/Genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatin
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm o…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
31 terms
Biology Vocab: Genetics, Mitosis and Meiosis.
Chromosome
Haploid
Prophase
Interkinesis
Thread-liked structured carriers in the nucleus that contains…
A sex cell that has 23 chromosomes, 22 autosomes and 1 sex ch…
A process in mitosis/asexual reproduction that is the first s…
In between Meiosis 1 and Meiosis 2 that is when the two cells…
Chromosome
Thread-liked structured carriers in the nucleus that contains…
Haploid
A sex cell that has 23 chromosomes, 22 autosomes and 1 sex ch…
51 terms
Genetics Chapter 2: Mitosis and Meiosis
Prokaryotes
Eukaryote
Human Genome
Karyotype
Unicellular organism with relatively simple cell structure
-Compartmentalized cell structure with components bound by in…
-Eukaryotic DNA organized into chromosomes ... -Human genome is…
A display of the chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size…
Prokaryotes
Unicellular organism with relatively simple cell structure
Eukaryote
-Compartmentalized cell structure with components bound by in…
Biology 9 Semester 2 Genetics Finals Vocabulary
allele
antigen
carrier
Codominance
alternative form of a gene
identifying molecule found on the surface of cells
an individual who has one copy of the allele for a recessive…
inheritance pattern in which a heterozygote expresses the dis…
allele
alternative form of a gene
antigen
identifying molecule found on the surface of cells
109 terms
Biology Meiosis, Mitosis, Mendelian Genetics
mitosis
meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
process producing 2 new cells from 1 parent cell
process producing 4 daughter cells from 1 parent cell
cell division dealing with somatic cells
cell division of germ cells
mitosis
process producing 2 new cells from 1 parent cell
meiosis
process producing 4 daughter cells from 1 parent cell
73 terms
AP Biology Mitosis/Meiosis/Genetics
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatin
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm o…
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up a eukaryotic ch…
Mitosis
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
15 terms
AP BIOLOGY - MITOSIS/MEIOSIS/GENETICS
What is a chromosome?
Diagram a chromosome.
What is a gene?
What is an allele?
a threadlike, twisted structure of nucleic acids and protein…
A section of DNA that codes for a single characteristic or pr…
one or two or more forms of a gene (ie - eye color)
What is a chromosome?
a threadlike, twisted structure of nucleic acids and protein…
Diagram a chromosome.
41 terms
Biology Genetics/Mitosis and Meiosis Quiz
Gametes
Autosomes
Total number of chromosomes in human n…
S phase
Sex cells
Chromosomes that Code for non-sex characteristics
46
Stage of cell cycle where the cell replicates DNA
Gametes
Sex cells
Autosomes
Chromosomes that Code for non-sex characteristics
89 terms
Plant Biology: Exam 2 Roots, Mitosis, Meiosis, Genetics
Anchor
absorption
Root Development
root cap
extensive network of roots: anchors and support a plant
roots absorb water and minerals, these materials are then tra…
When the seed begins to germinate the radicle grows out of th…
thimble shaped mass of cells protecting soft tissues from abr…
Anchor
extensive network of roots: anchors and support a plant
absorption
roots absorb water and minerals, these materials are then tra…
68 terms
Mendel and Genetics Biology 1 Semester 2 Final
T/F: Genetics is the branch of biology…
T/F: Mendel discovered predictable pat…
T/F: Plants in Mendel's P generation w…
T/F: Mendel based his principles on hi…
True
True
False
True
T/F: Genetics is the branch of biology…
True
T/F: Mendel discovered predictable pat…
True
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