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Study sets matching "sensation and perception sensation chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "sensation and perception sensation chapter 5"

34 terms
Goldstein: Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
Apparent movement
Bayesian inference
Binocular rivalry
Border ownership
An illusion of movement that occurs when two objects separate…
A statistical approach to perception in which perception is d…
The competition between the two eyes for control of visual pe…
When two areas share a border, as occurs in figure-ground spl…
Apparent movement
An illusion of movement that occurs when two objects separate…
Bayesian inference
A statistical approach to perception in which perception is d…
32 terms
Sensation and Perception, Chapter 5
Visible spectrum
Spectral power distribution
Heterochromatic light
Monochromatic light
The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the range of a…
The intensity of a light at each wavelength in the visible sp…
Light that consists of more than one wavelength
Light that consists of only one wavelength
Visible spectrum
The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the range of a…
Spectral power distribution
The intensity of a light at each wavelength in the visible sp…
94 terms
Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
What does it mean to sense something?
Transduction
Absolute Threshold
Subliminal Messages
Sensory receptors are specialized neurons that respond to spe…
The conversation from sensory stimulus energy to action poten…
Refers to the minimum amount of stimulus energy that must be…
Messages that are present below the threshold for conscious a…
What does it mean to sense something?
Sensory receptors are specialized neurons that respond to spe…
Transduction
The conversation from sensory stimulus energy to action poten…
44 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
Visible Light Frequency
The more light that is absorbed...
3 Steps of Color Perception
S-Cones
400-700nm... -Reflected Light
The darker the object will appear
1. Detection= Wavelengths must be detected... 2. Discrimination=…
-420nm... -Short wavelength ... -Rare and least sensitive
Visible Light Frequency
400-700nm... -Reflected Light
The more light that is absorbed...
The darker the object will appear
49 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
Stimulus on receptors is
Inverse Project problem
Objects can be
Viewpoint invariance
Ambiguos
an image on the retina can be caused by an infinite number of…
Hidden or blurred... (Occlusions are common in the environment)
the ability to recognize an object regardless of the view poi…
Stimulus on receptors is
Ambiguos
Inverse Project problem
an image on the retina can be caused by an infinite number of…
38 terms
Sensation and Perception- Chapter 5
Apparent movement (p. 101)
Bayesian inference (p. 114)
Binocular rivalry (p. 115)
Border ownership (p. 105)
Although movement is perceived, nothing is actually moving. T…
Modern psychologists have quantified the idea of inferential…
Observer perceives either the left eye image or the right-eye…
The border separating the figure from the ground appears to b…
Apparent movement (p. 101)
Although movement is perceived, nothing is actually moving. T…
Bayesian inference (p. 114)
Modern psychologists have quantified the idea of inferential…
41 terms
Sensation and Perception Goldstein Chapter 5
Apparent movement
Bayesian inference
Binocular rivalry
Border ownership
An illusion of movement that occurs when two objects separate…
A statistical approach to perception in which perception is d…
A situation in which one image is presented to the left eye a…
When two areas share a border, as occurs in figure-ground dis…
Apparent movement
An illusion of movement that occurs when two objects separate…
Bayesian inference
A statistical approach to perception in which perception is d…
41 terms
Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
Color is not a physical property of th…
What is the range of light we are sens…
Light is a form of what kind of energy?
What physical property of light is ass…
True
400 to 700nm
Electromagnetic Radiation
Wave lengths
Color is not a physical property of th…
True
What is the range of light we are sens…
400 to 700nm
34 terms
Sensation & Perception Chapter 5
inverse projection problem
viewpoint invariance
perceptual organization
Gestalt psychologists
task of determining the object responsible for a particular i…
the ability to recognize an object seen from different viewpo…
process by which elements in the environment become perceptua…
asked "how are configurations formed from smaller elements?".…
inverse projection problem
task of determining the object responsible for a particular i…
viewpoint invariance
the ability to recognize an object seen from different viewpo…
20 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
Invetse Projection Problem
View Point Invariance
Grouping
Segregating
Image on retina can be created with any numbrr of objects
We can see the same object regardless of view point. *this is…
All objects in this field belong together
These two sections are different objects
Invetse Projection Problem
Image on retina can be created with any numbrr of objects
View Point Invariance
We can see the same object regardless of view point. *this is…
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
S-cone
M-cone
L-cone
Photopic
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to short wavelengths;…
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to middle wavelengths…
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to long wavelengths;…
Referring to light intensities that are bright enough to stim…
S-cone
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to short wavelengths;…
M-cone
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to middle wavelengths…
145 terms
Sensation and Perception (Chapter 5)
Psychophysics
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
The study of the relationship between physical stimuli and ou…
The experience of sensory stimulation... "I see...hear...feel...…
Creating meaningful patterns from raw sensory information ... "I…
Beginning with stimulation of our senses, we interpret sensor…
Psychophysics
The study of the relationship between physical stimuli and ou…
Sensation
The experience of sensory stimulation... "I see...hear...feel...…
64 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
object agnosia
prosopagnosia
analysis of the stimulus begins with the sense receptors and…
information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
inability to recognize objects
face blindness
Bottom-up processing
analysis of the stimulus begins with the sense receptors and…
Top-down processing
information processing guided by higher level mental processe…
113 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Wavelength Spectrum
Sensations
Perception
Three Problems the Brain Solves
Short(violet)------------>Long(red)
The elementary components , or building blocks, of an experie…
The collection of processes used to arrive at a meaningful in…
translating messages,identify the message components, produci…
Wavelength Spectrum
Short(violet)------------>Long(red)
Sensations
The elementary components , or building blocks, of an experie…
53 terms
Chapter 5 - Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
Ability to detect external stimulus
How we take in and process sensation
Sensory organs that detect physical stimuli
Process by which sensory receptors change the stimulus into s…
Sensation
Ability to detect external stimulus
Perception
How we take in and process sensation
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory coding
Transduction
our sense organs' detection and response to external stimulus…
the brain's processing of detected signals, resulting in inte…
sensory receptors translate the physical properties of stimul…
a process by which sensory receptors produce neural impulses…
Sensation
our sense organs' detection and response to external stimulus…
Perception
the brain's processing of detected signals, resulting in inte…
54 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
1. In order for us to hear a sound, th…
2. The bell jar experiment conducted b…
3. What two forces are necessary to cr…
4. Inertia is defined as (p 141)
The sound must reflect off of the medium
air was required to serve as a medium for the transmission of…
inertia and elasticity
the tendency of a body to maintain its state of motion
1. In order for us to hear a sound, th…
The sound must reflect off of the medium
2. The bell jar experiment conducted b…
air was required to serve as a medium for the transmission of…
31 terms
Chapter 5: Perception and Sensation
Absolute Threshold
Audition
Binocular Depth Cues
Binocular Disparity
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Hearing; the sense of sound perception.
Cues of depth perception that arise from the fact that people…
A depth cue; because of the distance between the two eyes, ea…
Absolute Threshold
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Audition
Hearing; the sense of sound perception.
43 terms
Sensation and Perception: Chapter 5
We see only part of the electromagneti…
What are the steps of color perception?
Color is not a physical property, but…
Most of the light we see is __________…
Between 400 and 700 nm
Step 1: Detection - wavelengths of light must be detected i…
Psychophysical property ... Ex: "There is no red in a 700 nm li…
Reflected
We see only part of the electromagneti…
Between 400 and 700 nm
What are the steps of color perception?
Step 1: Detection - wavelengths of light must be detected i…
38 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensory Receptors
Various pathways to thalamus
Major sensory regions of the cerebral…
Transduction
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
...
is the transformation of stimulus energy into neural impulses…
Sensory Receptors
Specialized cells unique to each sense organ that respond to…
Various pathways to thalamus
...
52 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
S-cone
M-cone
L-cone
spectral sensitivity
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to short wavelengths;…
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to middle wavelengths…
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to long wavelengths;…
Refering to the sensitivity of a cell or a device to differen…
S-cone
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to short wavelengths;…
M-cone
A cone that is preferentially sensitive to middle wavelengths…
59 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Synesthesia
Sensation
Perception
Psychophysics
mixing of senses
the stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs by w…
active processing of organizing the stimulus input and giving…
the study of relations between the physical characteristics o…
Synesthesia
mixing of senses
Sensation
the stimulus-detection process by which our sense organs by w…
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Infants can "scan" the environment at…
Vision: Optical Expansion
processing of basic information from the external world by se…
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information…
are mostly attracted to moving stimuli
depth cue in which an object occludes more of its background…
Sensation
processing of basic information from the external world by se…
Perception
process of organizing and interpreting sensory information…
27 terms
Sensation and Perception chapter 5
Inverse Projection Problem
Viewpoint invariance
Perceptual organization
Apparent movement
task of determining the object that is responsible for a part…
Ability to recognize an object from different viewpoints
elements in the environment become perceptually grouped to cr…
movement perceived when nothing is actually moving; stationar…
Inverse Projection Problem
task of determining the object that is responsible for a part…
Viewpoint invariance
Ability to recognize an object from different viewpoints
118 terms
Chapter 5 - Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Psychophysics
The result of neural responses that occur after physical ener…
The result of neural processes that organized and interpreted…
Transformation of carious forms of energy (light, sound, etc.…
Study of the relationship between physical events and corresp…
Sensation
The result of neural responses that occur after physical ener…
Perception
The result of neural processes that organized and interpreted…
52 terms
Chapter 5 Perception and Sensation
is color a fixed property??
sensation
perception
Sensation to Perception Flow
no
receive signals from the outside environment
organizing and interpreting these signals
1. energy contains information about the world... 2. accessory s…
is color a fixed property??
no
sensation
receive signals from the outside environment
64 terms
Sensation and Perception - Chapter 5
Sensation
Reception
Transduction
Transmission
Process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Stimulation of sensory receptor cells by energy
Transforming cell stimulation into neural impulses
Delivering neural information to the brain to be processed
Sensation
Process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Reception
Stimulation of sensory receptor cells by energy
30 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Audition
How our sense organs receive information from the environment
How we select, organize, and interpret sensations
How physical energy is converted to sensory neural impulses
The conversion of sound vibrations to neural signals
Sensation
How our sense organs receive information from the environment
Perception
How we select, organize, and interpret sensations
60 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation & Perception
sensations
perception
light
hue
The elementary components, or building blocks, of an experien…
The collection of processes used to arrive at a meaningful in…
The small part of the electromagnetic spectrum that is proces…
The dimension of light that produces color; typically determi…
sensations
The elementary components, or building blocks, of an experien…
perception
The collection of processes used to arrive at a meaningful in…
46 terms
Sensation and Perception (chapter 5)
Visible light
Wavelength of visible light
cornea
pupil
A portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, which is visible t…
range from about 400nm (blue violet) to 700nm (red)... (1nm= a b…
a transparent protective structure at the front of the eye
an adjustable opening that can dilate or constrict to control…
Visible light
A portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, which is visible t…
Wavelength of visible light
range from about 400nm (blue violet) to 700nm (red)... (1nm= a b…
81 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation/Perception
Sensation
Sense Organ
Sense organs capture: (5)
Perception
Stimulation of sense organs
Comprised of sensory neurons
Vision, Touch, Taste, Smell, Sound
Interpretation, identification, organization of a sensation i…
Sensation
Stimulation of sense organs
Sense Organ
Comprised of sensory neurons
27 terms
Chapter 5 Sensation & Perception
Perceptual Set
Monocular Cues
Binocular Cues
Law of Similarity
Definition: Readiness to detect a particular stimulus... Applica…
Definition: information about depth that relies on the input…
Definition:info taken in by both eyes that aids in depth perc…
Definition: tend to group similar objects together... Applicatio…
Perceptual Set
Definition: Readiness to detect a particular stimulus... Applica…
Monocular Cues
Definition: information about depth that relies on the input…
Chapter 5 - Sensation and Perception
Interaural time difference... Olfactory... G…
What is the primary olfactory cortex i…
What is the secondary olfactory cortex…
What does the orbitofrontal cortex inv…
...
Detecting a change in external odor.
Identifying the smell itself.
Processing the reward value of good and the resulting motivat…
Interaural time difference... Olfactory... G…
...
What is the primary olfactory cortex i…
Detecting a change in external odor.
11 terms
450 perception, sensation chapter 5
Trichromatic theory of color vision
Different known Young-Helmholtz theory
Metamers
Color-opponent cell
That color of any light is defined in our visual system by th…
Trichromatic theory of color vision
Different mixtures of wave lengths that look identical. More…
Neuron whose output is based on a difference between sets of…
Trichromatic theory of color vision
That color of any light is defined in our visual system by th…
Different known Young-Helmholtz theory
Trichromatic theory of color vision
60 terms
CHAPTER 5: SENSATION AND PERCEPTION
Pain on the tongue
a chemical called capsaicin
capsaicin
endorphins and enkephalins
-a chemical called capsaicin activates the pain receptors on…
activates the pain receptors on the tongue - people who like…
is a thermogenic - increases the body temperature - why you s…
(body's form of opiates)... -the body produces natural pain reli…
Pain on the tongue
-a chemical called capsaicin activates the pain receptors on…
a chemical called capsaicin
activates the pain receptors on the tongue - people who like…
47 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
-detecting a stimulus... -organs translat…
-organizing and giving meaning to inpu…
individual or groups of neurons in the…
Sensation -... 1. stimulus is received by…
What is Sensation?
What is Perception?
What is a Feature Detector?
Describe the Sensory and Perceptual Processes ... (from sensati…
-detecting a stimulus... -organs translat…
What is Sensation?
-organizing and giving meaning to inpu…
What is Perception?
69 terms
Chapter 5 & 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent st…
Organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
Analysis: sensory receptors that work up to the brain's integ…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
Sensory receptors and nervous system recieve and represent st…
Perception
Organizing and interpreting sensory information, enabling us…
26 terms
Sensation and Perception - Chapter 5 Terms
Bottom-up processing
Top-down processing
Recognition
Representation
a process whereby physical stimuli influence how we perceive…
a process whereby our existing knowledge of objects influence…
the ability to match a presented item with an item in memory
the storage and/or reconstruction of information in memory wh…
Bottom-up processing
a process whereby physical stimuli influence how we perceive…
Top-down processing
a process whereby our existing knowledge of objects influence…
73 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
perception based on the physical features of stimuli, lower t…
how knowledge, expectations, or past experiences shape the in…
sensation
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
perception
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
59 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 5
Sensation
Absolute Threshold
Just noticeable Difference
Perception
when sensoryinfov is detached by a sensory receptor, the basi…
the minimum amount of stimulus engird that must be present or…
how much difference in stimuli is required to detect a differ…
the way sensory info is organized, interpreted, and conscious…
Sensation
when sensoryinfov is detached by a sensory receptor, the basi…
Absolute Threshold
the minimum amount of stimulus engird that must be present or…
59 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
transduced
qualitative
refers to the detection of external stimuli and the transmiss…
involves the processing, organization, and interpretation of…
translated into chemical and electrical signals that are tran…
sensory receptors respond to ______________ differences by fi…
sensation
refers to the detection of external stimuli and the transmiss…
perception
involves the processing, organization, and interpretation of…
39 terms
Chapter 5- Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Sensory (Receptors) Adaptation
Bias Perceptions
Raw detection of energy and sensory receptors are activated…
Not necessarily "true" in an objective way (interperception)…
Adjust to constant stimulation by becoming used to it (no lon…
Based on expectations/experiences
Sensation
Raw detection of energy and sensory receptors are activated…
Perception
Not necessarily "true" in an objective way (interperception)…
62 terms
Chapter 5 Sensation and Perception
perception
perceptual constancies
perceptual schema
perceptual set
The act of becoming aware through the senses
tendency to perceive objects as stable and unchanging despite…
a mental framework for organizing information
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
perception
The act of becoming aware through the senses
perceptual constancies
tendency to perceive objects as stable and unchanging despite…
61 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
The activation of receptors in the var…
The process by which the brain organiz…
Specialized cells that convert physica…
A process by which sensory receptors c…
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Receptors
Transduction
The activation of receptors in the var…
Sensation
The process by which the brain organiz…
Perception
34 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Achromatopsia
Akinetopsia
Area MT
Area V4
A selective disorder of color perception resulting from a les…
A selective disorder of motion perception resulting from a le…
A region in the visual cortex containing cells that are highl…
A region in the visual cortex containing cells that are thoug…
Achromatopsia
A selective disorder of color perception resulting from a les…
Akinetopsia
A selective disorder of motion perception resulting from a le…
54 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
absolute threshold
accommodation
basilar membrane
binocular depth cues
level of intensity that lifts a stimulus over the threshold o…
process through which the lens changes its shape temporarily…
flexible membrane running through the cochlea that, through i…
cues for depth that depend on comparisons between the two eyes
absolute threshold
level of intensity that lifts a stimulus over the threshold o…
accommodation
process through which the lens changes its shape temporarily…
26 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
Bottom Up Process
Top Down Process
Absolute Threshold
Subliminal
the physical sensory system receives and represents stimuli a…
organizing and interpreting sensory input from experience and…
minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus, 5…
input below the absolute threshold, for conscious awareness
Bottom Up Process
the physical sensory system receives and represents stimuli a…
Top Down Process
organizing and interpreting sensory input from experience and…
11 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
transduction
absolute threshold
detection of external stimuli and the transmission of this in…
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
sensory stimuli are converted to signals the brain can read
the minimum intensity of stimulation needed for sensation
sensation
detection of external stimuli and the transmission of this in…
perception
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
69 terms
Chapter 5: Sensation and Perception
absolute threshold
bottom-up processing
inattentional blindness
just noticeable difference
minimum amount of stimulus energy that must be present for th…
system in which perceptions are built from sensory input
failure to notice something that is completely visible becaus…
difference in stimuli required to detect a difference between…
absolute threshold
minimum amount of stimulus energy that must be present for th…
bottom-up processing
system in which perceptions are built from sensory input
chapter 5 sensation and perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up processing
Top-Down processing
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
perception based on the physical features of the stimulus
how knowledge , expectations, or past experiences shape the i…
Sensation
the detection of external stimuli and the transmission of thi…
Perception
the processing, organization, and interpretation of sensory s…
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