Study sets matching "sensation and perception sensation"

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Study sets matching "sensation and perception sensation"

101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
41 terms
Sensation and Perception
"Perceiving machines" that can negotia…
The following is an application of per…
the following is a reason for studying…
The study of perception can overlap with
have yet to be developed
Developing speech recognition systems.... Treating hearing probl…
To become more aware of your own perceptual experiences.... To p…
medicine.... computer science.... philosophy.
"Perceiving machines" that can negotia…
have yet to be developed
The following is an application of per…
Developing speech recognition systems.... Treating hearing probl…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
40 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
44 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
46 terms
Sensation and Perception
3 standard definitions of perception
Who does the perceiving?
Where does perceiving take place?
What is/are the fundamental unit(s) of…
. The act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as sig…
Not just an ORGAN, ... but an ORGANISM... YOU do the perceiving, no…
Perceiving takes place ... in an environment ... (e.g.,on a structu…
The fundamental ... unit of perception ... is the organism-... environ…
3 standard definitions of perception
. The act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as sig…
Who does the perceiving?
Not just an ORGAN, ... but an ORGANISM... YOU do the perceiving, no…
185 terms
Sensation and perception
Definition of sensation
Definition of perception
Adaptation
Absolute Threshold
sensation is the ability to detect a stimulus and perhap's to…
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation... Perception…
if there is no change in stimulation our senses adapt and we…
is the minimum amount of stimulation necessary for a person t…
Definition of sensation
sensation is the ability to detect a stimulus and perhap's to…
Definition of perception
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation... Perception…
39 terms
Sensation and Perception
Transduction
sensory adaptation
sensory habituation
Sensation
a process in which signals are transformed into neural impulses
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
our perception of sensations is partially due to how focused…
the activation of our senses (eyes, ears, and so on)
Transduction
a process in which signals are transformed into neural impulses
sensory adaptation
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
Sensation and Perception
Transduction:
Sensory adaptation:
Sensory habituation (perceptual adapta…
Cocktail-party phenomenon:
the translation of incoming stimuli into neural signals. Neur…
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
our perception of sensations is partially determined by how f…
if you are talking with a friend and someone across the room…
Transduction:
the translation of incoming stimuli into neural signals. Neur…
Sensory adaptation:
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
20 terms
Sensation and perception
Fovea
Retina
Lens
Pupil
fine focus region
converts light into neural impulses
fine focusing of the lights onto the retina
opening that regulates the amount of light that hits the retina
Fovea
fine focus region
Retina
converts light into neural impulses
73 terms
Sensation and Perception
absolute threshold
binocular cues
blind spot
cochlea
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
place on the retina out where the optic nerve leaves the eye,…
snail-shaped structure in the inner ear; contains fluid that…
absolute threshold
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
binocular cues
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
81 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom Up Processing
Top Down Processing
A process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system r…
A process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
Taking sensory information and then assembling and integratin…
Using models, ideas,and expectations to interpret sensory inf…
Sensation
A process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system r…
Perception
A process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
104 terms
Sensation and Perception
Absolute Threshold
Accommodation
Acuity
Anosmia
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
(perceptual) - The process by which the eye's lens changes sh…
The sharpness of vision.
The inability to smell.
Absolute Threshold
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Accommodation
(perceptual) - The process by which the eye's lens changes sh…
Sensation Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Selective Attention
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
37 terms
Sensation and Perception
Top-Down Processing
Perceptual Set
Bottom-Up Processing
Absolute Threshold
using models, ideas, and expectations to interpret sensory in…
Is what we EXPECT to see, which influences what we DO see... lo…
taking sensory information and then assembling and integratin…
the minimum level of stimulus intensity needed to detect a st…
Top-Down Processing
using models, ideas, and expectations to interpret sensory in…
Perceptual Set
Is what we EXPECT to see, which influences what we DO see... lo…
54 terms
sensation and perception exam 2
contrast
contrast acuity
lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN)
topographical mapping of LGN
difference in luminance between an object and the background…
the smallest spatial detail that can be resolved
a structure in the thalamus, part of the mid-brain, that rece…
the orderly mapping of the world in the lateral geniculate nu…
contrast
difference in luminance between an object and the background…
contrast acuity
the smallest spatial detail that can be resolved
65 terms
Sensation & Perception
Threshold Theory
Signal Detection Theory
Transduction
Sensory Adaptation
A hypothesis regarding group dynamics positing that conflict…
To quantify the ability to discern between information-bearin…
The transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds…
Diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation
Threshold Theory
A hypothesis regarding group dynamics positing that conflict…
Signal Detection Theory
To quantify the ability to discern between information-bearin…
44 terms
Sensation and Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Absolute Threshold
Subliminal Threshold
From your senses to your brain
From your brain to your senses
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
When stimuli are below a person's absolute threshold
Bottom-Up Processing
From your senses to your brain
Top-Down Processing
From your brain to your senses
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Psychophysics
Absolute Threshold
The stimulation of sense organs
The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
The study of how physical stimuli are translated to psycholog…
The minimum stimulus intensity an organism can detect 50% of…
Sensation
The stimulation of sense organs
Perception
The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
30 terms
Sensation & Perception
Homunculus
Sensation
Synesthesia
Chemical Senses
Your brain's map of your body
Bringing in information through your senses.
This condition caused Sam to see the color yellow every time…
Sam's is confused when he hangs upside down from the tree bra…
Homunculus
Your brain's map of your body
Sensation
Bringing in information through your senses.
87 terms
Sensation & Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
65 terms
Sensation and Perception
Absolute Threshold
Accommodation
Acuity
Attention
the weakest level of a stimulus that can be correctly detecte…
process of changing the curvature of the lens to focus light…
ability to detect fine details, sharpness of vision. Can be a…
the set of processes by which you choose from among the vario…
Absolute Threshold
the weakest level of a stimulus that can be correctly detecte…
Accommodation
process of changing the curvature of the lens to focus light…
84 terms
Sensation/Perception
sensation
sense receptors
sense organs
bottom up processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Specialized cells that convert physical energy in the environ…
Organs that receive stimuli.
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
sense receptors
Specialized cells that convert physical energy in the environ…
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottoms up processing
Top down processing
sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent st…
Interpreting sensory information
Sensory receptors and works its way up of processing
Processing guided by higher level of mental processing
Sensation
sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent st…
Perception
Interpreting sensory information
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Modality : Type of stimulus... Location :…
Hair Cell
an effect of transduction, the process by which auditory,elec…
The processing of electrical signals that gets into the brain.
Four properties that sensory receptors communicate to the cen…
This receptor cell responds to the motion of fluid in the inn…
Sensation
an effect of transduction, the process by which auditory,elec…
Perception
The processing of electrical signals that gets into the brain.
101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
64 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
136 terms
Sensation and Perception
Tactile Perception
Mechanoreceptors
SAI mechanoreceptors
Spatial Sensitivity
-perception that results from mechanical deformation - indent…
sensorytransduce mechanical deformations into neural signals…
-slow-adapting... -Merkel cell endings ... -small receptive fields…
the skin varies across the body, depending on the size of the…
Tactile Perception
-perception that results from mechanical deformation - indent…
Mechanoreceptors
sensorytransduce mechanical deformations into neural signals…
149 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
psychophysics
transduction
sensory adaptation
trying to get physical stimuli into the brain through sensory…
study of how physical stimuli are translated into a psycholog…
transformation of physical energy into neural energy.... physica…
our senses are specialized to detect change (adaptive cuz cha…
Sensation
trying to get physical stimuli into the brain through sensory…
psychophysics
study of how physical stimuli are translated into a psycholog…
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
sensation and perception
1. Sound waves enter auditory canal... 2.…
-impedance... -impedance mismatch... -amplif…
Shortest unit of speech that, if chang…
Phoneme
Steps through transduction
Ossicle Functions
Phoneme
Unit of speech
1. Sound waves enter auditory canal... 2.…
Steps through transduction
-impedance... -impedance mismatch... -amplif…
Ossicle Functions
Sensation and Perception
Abosolute Threshold
Accommodation
Acuity
Audition
The smallest detectable level of a stimulus
Making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
The sharpness of vision
The ability to hear
Abosolute Threshold
The smallest detectable level of a stimulus
Accommodation
Making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
sensation and perception
opponent process theory
outer ear, auditory canal
rods
to the right or left, can see better
what theory helps explain why after starting at a colored pho…
what part of the ear do sound waves first come in contact with?
which type of receptor is most effective for seeing in low li…
someone turned off the light. someone is standing in front of…
opponent process theory
what theory helps explain why after starting at a colored pho…
outer ear, auditory canal
what part of the ear do sound waves first come in contact with?
17 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
159 terms
Sensation and Perception Exam #1
Sensation
Perception
Psychophysics
Two-Point Threshold
The ability to detect a stimulus and, perhaps, turn that dete…
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation; how we int…
The science of defining quantitative relationships between ph…
The minimum distance at which two stimuli can be distinguished
Sensation
The ability to detect a stimulus and, perhaps, turn that dete…
Perception
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation; how we int…
43 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
sensation and perception
color pathway
form/orientation pathway
motion detection pathway
simple cells
retina -> parvo area of LGN -> AcB area of V1 -> blob cells o…
retina -> parvo section of LGN -> 4cB of area V1 -> interblob…
magno retinal cells -> LGN -> 4cA of V1 -> blob (terminates)…
in area V1; fire to a line of a particular orientation
color pathway
retina -> parvo area of LGN -> AcB area of V1 -> blob cells o…
form/orientation pathway
retina -> parvo section of LGN -> 4cB of area V1 -> interblob…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
Prosopagnosia
top-down processing
"the experience of sensory stimulation"... -smells, sights, sou…
"process of creating meaningful patterns from the raw sensory…
"Face blindness"... -sensation in the absence of meaningful perc…
guided by higher-level mental processes, as when we construct…
sensation
"the experience of sensory stimulation"... -smells, sights, sou…
perception
"process of creating meaningful patterns from the raw sensory…
77 terms
Sensation and Perception
talk about Alan Turing
Why study sensation & perception
sensation - raw
perception - meaningful
- Turing Test: a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intel…
- understand the most complex system aka the brain... - cognitiv…
- bright... - sweet... - red
- this cookie is sweet... - the rose is red and smells great
talk about Alan Turing
- Turing Test: a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intel…
Why study sensation & perception
- understand the most complex system aka the brain... - cognitiv…
16 terms
Sensation and Perception
why study sensation and perception?
perception
neuron pathway
single cell recording
satisfy curiosity about how things work, understand/reduce in…
higher level processing- meaning of word, seeing shapes and w…
dendrites > nucleus > soma > axon > axon terminals
electrodes inserted on brain, monitored. turn on various patt…
why study sensation and perception?
satisfy curiosity about how things work, understand/reduce in…
perception
higher level processing- meaning of word, seeing shapes and w…
Sensation and Perception
What is a chemical sensing organ at th…
What is a neural structure located beh…
Pheromones
The McClintock Effect
Vomeronasal organ
Accessory olfactory bulb
Chemicals emitted by one member of a species that triggers a…
Occurs when women who live in close proximity to one another…
What is a chemical sensing organ at th…
Vomeronasal organ
What is a neural structure located beh…
Accessory olfactory bulb
22 terms
Sensation and perception
Parallel processing
Perception
Perceptual constancy
Perceptual adaptation
Natural mode of info processing for many functions including…
Organizing and interpreting sensory info
Perceiving objects as unchanging
Ability to adjust to an altered perceptual reality
Parallel processing
Natural mode of info processing for many functions including…
Perception
Organizing and interpreting sensory info
45 terms
Sensation and Perception
Light
Eyespots
Pinhole eyes
Lens
Reflected light is a useful source of unformation. Organisms…
Simplest eye. Euglena uses eyespots to move toward light
Opening helps to focus light. Reduces amount of light enterin…
Focuses the image while permitting light into the eye
Light
Reflected light is a useful source of unformation. Organisms…
Eyespots
Simplest eye. Euglena uses eyespots to move toward light
11 terms
Sensation and Perception
Vision
Hearing
Smell
Taste
-Light... -Color vision... ~The color circle... ~Pigments don't mix…
-Pitch (Frequency; number of cycles per minute)... -Loudness (Am…
olfactory nerve... sense of smell adapts quickly
4 basic taste qualities: Sweet, sour, salty, bitter... Flavor do…
Vision
-Light... -Color vision... ~The color circle... ~Pigments don't mix…
Hearing
-Pitch (Frequency; number of cycles per minute)... -Loudness (Am…
150 terms
Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Fovea
Saccade
- Sensation refers to the ability to convert external informa…
- Perception is the process of assigning meaning to these sig…
- Part of retina where receptors are very dense... - Highest acu…
- A type of eye movement, made both voluntarily and involunta…
Sensation
- Sensation refers to the ability to convert external informa…
Perception
- Perception is the process of assigning meaning to these sig…
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