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Study sets matching "sensation and perception senses"

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Study sets matching "sensation and perception senses"

9 terms
Sensation and Perception: The other senses
Olfaction
The amount of smells the human body ca…
Pheromones
Gustation
smell, transduction in the pariatel lobe, nothing is screened…
10,000
type of chemical signal, biologically prodyced, airborn emmit…
sense of taste
Olfaction
smell, transduction in the pariatel lobe, nothing is screened…
The amount of smells the human body ca…
10,000
100 terms
Sensation and Perception: Chemical Senses
What is taste?
What is flavour?
From an evolutionary perspective, what…
Taste is a ____________ chemical react…
The objective interaction between food chemicals and the tong…
The subjective experiences of gustation and olfaction.... e.g.,…
For food's nutrition/danger... i.e., Gatekeeping.
DIRECT (proximal) chemical reaction, and is one of the OLDEST…
What is taste?
The objective interaction between food chemicals and the tong…
What is flavour?
The subjective experiences of gustation and olfaction.... e.g.,…
85 terms
Sensation and Perception: The Cutaneous Senses
There exists a _____________ correlati…
What is the supposition about tactile…
From a social perspective, what is the…
Social grooming in an example of how t…
HIGH correlation.... Specifically, the mouth and hands, which r…
The supposition is that tactile feedback from these areas all…
To build social bonds.... e.g., grooming and reproduction.
Pleasurable feelings and builds social bonds between creatures.
There exists a _____________ correlati…
HIGH correlation.... Specifically, the mouth and hands, which r…
What is the supposition about tactile…
The supposition is that tactile feedback from these areas all…
10 terms
sensation and perception the other senses
olfaction
Explain the uniqueness of olfaction in…
10,000
Pheromones
-smell... -nothing is more powerful than this when it comes to m…
-goes directly to parietal lobe (olfactory bulb)... -100% of wha…
How many different smells can the human body detect
-scent given off when you blush... -biologically produced airbor…
olfaction
-smell... -nothing is more powerful than this when it comes to m…
Explain the uniqueness of olfaction in…
-goes directly to parietal lobe (olfactory bulb)... -100% of wha…
53 terms
Sensation & Perception: The Body Senses
tactile perception (or touch)
mechanoreceptors
Ruffini cylinder
Pacinian corpuscle
perception that results from the mechanical deformation - ind…
sensory receptors that transduce mechanical deformations of t…
fires continuously to stimulation; associated with perceiving…
fires only when a stimulus is first applied and when it is re…
tactile perception (or touch)
perception that results from the mechanical deformation - ind…
mechanoreceptors
sensory receptors that transduce mechanical deformations of t…
34 terms
Sensation and Perception: Other Senses
rarefied
intensity cue
frequency
spectrum
regions of low air pressure
difference in timbre based on location
number of peaks per second
graph showing the different component frequencies (or wavelen…
rarefied
regions of low air pressure
intensity cue
difference in timbre based on location
23 terms
Sensation and Perception:Cutaneous Senses
somatosensory system
cutaneous senses
proprioception
kinesthesis
includes: cutaneous senses, proprioception, kinesthesis
responsible for perceptions such as touch and pain that are u…
the ability to sense the position of the body and limbs
the ability to sense the movement of the body and the limbs
somatosensory system
includes: cutaneous senses, proprioception, kinesthesis
cutaneous senses
responsible for perceptions such as touch and pain that are u…
32 terms
Human senses: perception and sensation
Perception
Sensation
Extra sensory perception(ESP)
Cornea
External factors; interpretation of sensory info we recieve
Internal factors; process of receiving stimuli from the senses.
Extra sense
Light rays enter the eye through this; coverage by in front o…
Perception
External factors; interpretation of sensory info we recieve
Sensation
Internal factors; process of receiving stimuli from the senses.
25 terms
Sensation, Perception, and Other Senses
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by high-level mental processes,…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
17 terms
Sensation and Perception: Other Senses
Touch
Skin Sensors
Kinesthesis
Vestibular sense
the sensation of pressure on the outer part of body- is essen…
pressure, warmth, cold, and pain
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
the sense of body movement and position, including the sense…
Touch
the sensation of pressure on the outer part of body- is essen…
Skin Sensors
pressure, warmth, cold, and pain
15 terms
Sensation and perception, 5 senses
trichromatic theory
opponent process theory
hearing
odor
3 types of cones, red, green, blue, that go in combination to…
3 cones... work like a light switch ... red-green, blue-yellow, dar…
sound is heard through stimulation of hair cells ... transmitte…
small cluster of molecules
trichromatic theory
3 types of cones, red, green, blue, that go in combination to…
opponent process theory
3 cones... work like a light switch ... red-green, blue-yellow, dar…
64 terms
Psych sensation/senses and perception
Transduction
Wavelength
Hue
Intensity
Transforming energy into neural impulses (light to vision)
Distance from peak of wave to peak of next wave. Determines hue
Dimension of color determined by wavelength
Amount of energy in a wave (brightness, loudness) (amplitude)
Transduction
Transforming energy into neural impulses (light to vision)
Wavelength
Distance from peak of wave to peak of next wave. Determines hue
31 terms
Psych Perception, Sensation, and the Senses
Sensation
Stimulus
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
The activation of the sense organs by a source of physical st…
Energy that produces a response in a sense organ.
The smallest amount of stimuli to produce a sensation half th…
The smallest change in physical stimulus that can be detected…
Sensation
The activation of the sense organs by a source of physical st…
Stimulus
Energy that produces a response in a sense organ.
45 terms
Sensation and Perception: Chemical Sense
What are Across-Fiber patterns?
What is Amiloride?
What is the Amygdala?
What is Anosmia?
The pattern of nerve firings that a stimulus causes across a…
A substance that blocks the flow of sodium into taste receptors
A subcortical structure that is involved in emotional respond…
Loss of the ability to smell due to injury or infection.
What are Across-Fiber patterns?
The pattern of nerve firings that a stimulus causes across a…
What is Amiloride?
A substance that blocks the flow of sodium into taste receptors
38 terms
Sensation and perception chemical senses
1. What is the scientific name for the…
Gustation
3. Why are these two senses called the…
4. What are some other commonalities b…
olfaction
sense of taste
the stimuli are chemicals in the air, food and water
the stimuli... both are gatekeepers... both are linked to emotional…
1. What is the scientific name for the…
olfaction
Gustation
sense of taste
49 terms
Senses,sensation,perception
Sensation
Stimulus
Physical waves
Perception
What occurs when a stimulus activated a receptor
Any aspect or change in the environment to which an organism…
How is stimulus measured
Organization of sensory information into meaningful experiences
Sensation
What occurs when a stimulus activated a receptor
Stimulus
Any aspect or change in the environment to which an organism…
26 terms
Sensation, Perception, & 5 senses
sensation
perception
absolute threshold
difference threshold
what occurs when a stimulus activates a receptor
the organization of sensory information into meaningful exper…
the weakest amount of one stimulus that a person can detect h…
the smallest change in a physical stimulus that can be detect…
sensation
what occurs when a stimulus activates a receptor
perception
the organization of sensory information into meaningful exper…
36 terms
Sensation/Perception, Senses
absolute threshold
conscious perception threshold
difference threshold aka just noticeab…
Weber's Law
threshold for sensation; minimum intensity for stimulus to be…
threshold for signal to reach higher order brain regions; bel…
minimum difference in the magnitude of 2 stimuli for a differ…
ratio between jnd and original stimulus magnitude; stays cons…
absolute threshold
threshold for sensation; minimum intensity for stimulus to be…
conscious perception threshold
threshold for signal to reach higher order brain regions; bel…
9 terms
SENSATION & PERCEPTION: OTHER SENSES
Which receptors are involved in smell?
What is the path of smell?
Which receptors regulate taste?
What is the pathway of taste?
Olfactory Chemoreceptors (which are specific to chemicals)
1.) Nasal Cavity ... 2.) Olfactory epithelium ... 3.) Olfactory bul…
Chemoreceptors
1.) Brainstem... 2.)Thalamus... 3.) Higher brain regions
Which receptors are involved in smell?
Olfactory Chemoreceptors (which are specific to chemicals)
What is the path of smell?
1.) Nasal Cavity ... 2.) Olfactory epithelium ... 3.) Olfactory bul…
27 terms
Sensation & Perception: the Chemical Senses
many animals are ____, having a keen s…
humans are ____, having a less keen se…
what are some functions of smell?
What was the experiment by Stern and M…
macrosmatic
microsmatic
sexual attraction; identification of foods, waste products, e…
Underarm secretions were collected from donor women and wiped…
many animals are ____, having a keen s…
macrosmatic
humans are ____, having a less keen se…
microsmatic
sensation and perception (sense/ attention)
Selective attention
Dichotic listening
Cocktail party effect
Flow experience
- the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulu…
- told one story in one ear and another in the other. Then as…
the ability to focus on one voice among many ... Attending to on…
- an experience that is so engrossing and absorbing that one…
Selective attention
- the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulu…
Dichotic listening
- told one story in one ear and another in the other. Then as…
19 terms
Sensation and Perception: Sensing the World
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
what the senses take in - sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell
what the brain does with the sensory information - how it mak…
the brain processing from the sensory input up to the brain f…
the brain processing first - perceiving the information first…
Sensation
what the senses take in - sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell
Perception
what the brain does with the sensory information - how it mak…
38 terms
Sensation and Perception 13: The Chemical Senses
odorants
molecule
detection threshold
anosmia
molecules that olfactory receptors recognize and respond to b…
two or more atoms bound together by electromagnetic forces
the concentration of an odorant or tastant necessary for a pe…
loss of the ability to perceive odors
odorants
molecules that olfactory receptors recognize and respond to b…
molecule
two or more atoms bound together by electromagnetic forces
46 terms
Sensation and Perception 12: The Body Senses
a-delta fibers
c fibers
cold fibers
cortical plasticity
myelinated axons of nociceptors that transmit pain signals re…
unmyelinated axons of nociceptors that transmit pain signals…
thermoreceptors that fire at an ongoing moderate rate in resp…
the ability of the adults cortex to change the way it's organ…
a-delta fibers
myelinated axons of nociceptors that transmit pain signals re…
c fibers
unmyelinated axons of nociceptors that transmit pain signals…
28 terms
Sensation and Perception: Other Senses and Visual Perception
relative height
relative size
relative motion
interposition
concept used in visual perception where distant objects are s…
a monocular cue where the smaller an object is on the retina,…
the speed of any object in respect to a particular point
a monocular cue where an object that partly blocks a second o…
relative height
concept used in visual perception where distant objects are s…
relative size
a monocular cue where the smaller an object is on the retina,…
22 terms
CH 4 Sensation and Perception (Senses)
Pitch
Volume
Timbre
Hertz
The frequency of wavelengths.
The amplitude of sound.
The tone of sound.
The measurement of frequency
Pitch
The frequency of wavelengths.
Volume
The amplitude of sound.
12 terms
Sensation and Perception (hearing and other senses)
amplitude
frequency
pinna
eardrum, hammer, anvil and stirrup
determines loudness of a sound
determines pitch
part of the ear we see
transmits the vibrations of the eardrum through a piston made…
amplitude
determines loudness of a sound
frequency
determines pitch
Sensation and Perception (hearing and other senses)
sound
outer ear
right ear
left ear
movement of air molecules caused by sound vibration
funnel sound to inner ear
speech
music
sound
movement of air molecules caused by sound vibration
outer ear
funnel sound to inner ear
6 terms
Sensation and Perception: Skin and Body Senses
introduction
skin senses
touch
pain
1. skin senses... - skin--our LARGEST and HEAVIEST sense organ... -…
1. touch... 2. pain... 3. the gate-control theory of pain
1. touch/pressure receptors... - not evenly distributed on our b…
1. unpleasant sensation of physical discomfort/suffering... 2. k…
introduction
1. skin senses... - skin--our LARGEST and HEAVIEST sense organ... -…
skin senses
1. touch... 2. pain... 3. the gate-control theory of pain
35 terms
Intro to Sensation and Perception & The Other Senses
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
38 terms
Psychology: Sensation, Particular Senses and Perception
Thresholds
Absolute Threshold
Subliminal Perception
JND
psychological element of perception. ... minimum amount of stimu…
minimum of stimulus energy that is needed to activate a senso…
perception of a stimulus below a given threshold... Thresholds c…
minimum difference in magnitude between two stimuli before on…
Thresholds
psychological element of perception. ... minimum amount of stimu…
Absolute Threshold
minimum of stimulus energy that is needed to activate a senso…
29 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing and Other senses
Audition
Hearing
Intensity (loudness)
Outer Ear
Sense of hearing
Acoustical transduction. Conversion of sound waves into neura…
Amount of energy in a wave, determined by the amplitude, rela…
Funnel-shaped to collect sound, pinna
Audition
Sense of hearing
Hearing
Acoustical transduction. Conversion of sound waves into neura…
12 terms
sensation and perception body and skin senses
Skin senses
Two mechanoreceptors close to skin
Two Mechanoreceptors deeper in skin
Major pathways from skin to cortex in…
Cutaneous senses, heaviest organ in the body, ... Layers: epider…
Merkel receptor: fires continuously while stimulus is present…
Ruffini cylinder: fires continuously to stimulation. stretchi…
Medial lemiscal- pathway consists of large fibers that carry…
Skin senses
Cutaneous senses, heaviest organ in the body, ... Layers: epider…
Two mechanoreceptors close to skin
Merkel receptor: fires continuously while stimulus is present…
35 terms
Intro to Sensation and Perception & The Other Senses
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
51 terms
Psychology 4: Sensation & Perception and Senses
What is sensation?
Where are sensory receptors located?
What is perception?
What is an example of perception?
the stimulation of sensory receptors and goes to the CNS
eyes & ears
interpreting sensory stimulation which reflects learning and…
When someone is standing at one end of a football field and s…
What is sensation?
the stimulation of sensory receptors and goes to the CNS
Where are sensory receptors located?
eyes & ears
23 terms
Chapter 3: Sensation and Perception: Other Senses/ Perception
placebo effect
perception
perceptual constancy
size constancy
pain relief that occurs when a person believes a pill or proc…
the brain's interpretation of sensory info so as to give it m…
a tendency to perceive objects as stable and unchanging despi…
the perception of an object as the same size regardless of th…
placebo effect
pain relief that occurs when a person believes a pill or proc…
perception
the brain's interpretation of sensory info so as to give it m…
44 terms
Chapter Five Sense, Sensation, and Perception
Bottom-Up Analysis
Top-Down Analysis
How many senses do we have?
JND
Analysis that uses only the raw stimulus.
Analysis that uses the raw stimulus and our cognition and pri…
Seven senses.
The just-noticeable difference is the amount something must b…
Bottom-Up Analysis
Analysis that uses only the raw stimulus.
Top-Down Analysis
Analysis that uses the raw stimulus and our cognition and pri…
Developmental Psych: sensation, perception, senses
Sensation
Perception
What senses function at birth?
What sense is least developed at birth?
occurs when 1 sensory system responds to a stimulus
mental processing of sensory information when the brain inter…
all functions
vision
Sensation
occurs when 1 sensory system responds to a stimulus
Perception
mental processing of sensory information when the brain inter…
8 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception - OUR SENSATIONAL SENSES
Sensation
Perception
How do we experience different kinds o…
Synesthesia
The detection of physical energy emitted by physical objects.
When the brain organizes sensory impulses into meaningful pat…
Our brain stimulates different nerve pathways.
When the stimulation of one sense also evokes the other.... E.x.…
Sensation
The detection of physical energy emitted by physical objects.
Perception
When the brain organizes sensory impulses into meaningful pat…
10 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception - OTHER SENSES AND PERCEPTIONS
Unami
Phantom Pain
Gate-Control Theory
Revised theory of gate-control
A 5th taste alongside the 4 basic tastes salty, sour, bitter,…
The experience of pain in a missing limb or body part.
The experience of pain depends on whether neural impulses get…
A matrix of neurons in the brain can generate pain even in th…
Unami
A 5th taste alongside the 4 basic tastes salty, sour, bitter,…
Phantom Pain
The experience of pain in a missing limb or body part.
16 terms
Sensation and Perception: Other Senses and Visual Perception
Gate-control theory
sensory interaction
grouping
binocular cues
the theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate…
the principle that one sense may influence another, as when t…
the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent gro…
depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use…
Gate-control theory
the theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate…
sensory interaction
the principle that one sense may influence another, as when t…
19 terms
Chapter 4 - Sensation and Perception: Other Senses
Kinesthesis
Vestibular Sense
Gate-Control Theory
Sensory Interaction
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
the sense of body movement and position, including the sense…
Melzack and Wall's theory that the spinal cord contains a neu…
the principle that one sense may influence another, as when t…
Kinesthesis
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
Vestibular Sense
the sense of body movement and position, including the sense…
5 terms
AP Psychology- Sensation and Perception "the other senses"
Gate-control theory
Kinesthesia
Vestibular sense
Sensory interaction
The theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate…
The system for sending the position and movement of individua…
The sense of body movement and position, including the sense…
The principle that one sense may influence another, as when t…
Gate-control theory
The theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate…
Kinesthesia
The system for sending the position and movement of individua…
45 terms
Sensation & Perception - Ch. 15: The Chemical Senses
Across-fiber patterns
Amiloride
Amygdala
Anosmia
the pattern of nerve firing that a stimulus causes across a n…
a substance that blocks the flow of sodium into taste receptors
a subcortical structure that is involved in emotional respond…
loss of the ability to smell due to injury or infection
Across-fiber patterns
the pattern of nerve firing that a stimulus causes across a n…
Amiloride
a substance that blocks the flow of sodium into taste receptors
30 terms
Sensation and Perception - Chapter 14 - The Cutaneous Senses
Two-Point Threshold
Temporal Cue
Surface Texture
Spinothalamic Pathway
The smallest separation between two points on the skin that i…
In tactile perception, information about the texture of a sur…
The visual and tactile quality of a physical surface created…
One of the nerve pathways in the spinal cord that conducts ne…
Two-Point Threshold
The smallest separation between two points on the skin that i…
Temporal Cue
In tactile perception, information about the texture of a sur…
48 terms
Sensation & Perception - Ch. 14: The Cutaneous Senses
Active touch
Affective (or emotional) component of…
Cutaneous senses
Dermis
touch in which the observer plays an active role in touching…
the emotional experience associated with pain - for example,…
the ability to perceive sensations, such as touch and pain, t…
the layer of skin below the epidermis
Active touch
touch in which the observer plays an active role in touching…
Affective (or emotional) component of…
the emotional experience associated with pain - for example,…
36 terms
10 - Sensation and Perception III: The Other Senses
Compressed
Rarefied
Intensity Cue
Frequency
regions of high air pressure
regions of low air pressure
difference in timbre based on location
the number of peaks per second (the inverse of wavelength)
Compressed
regions of high air pressure
Rarefied
regions of low air pressure
15 terms
Chapter 4 - Sensation and Perception: Sensing the World
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
16 terms
Unit 4 Sensation and Perception: Other Important Senses
(sense of touch) four different skin s…
pain
CIPA
Gate-Contol Theory creators
pressure, warmth, cold, and pain
tells the body that something had gone wrong
a rare disease in which an afflicted person feels no pain
Melzak and Wall
(sense of touch) four different skin s…
pressure, warmth, cold, and pain
pain
tells the body that something had gone wrong
23 terms
Sensation & Perception: All senses besides Vision
Sound Waves
Acoustical Transduction
Wavelength (of hearing)
Loudness (hearing)
Composed of air molecules that are being compressed ad refrac…
Transduction refers to turning sensory stimuli into a neural…
The shorter the wavelength of a sound wave, the higher the pi…
The higher the amplitude/wave of a sound wave is the loudness…
Sound Waves
Composed of air molecules that are being compressed ad refrac…
Acoustical Transduction
Transduction refers to turning sensory stimuli into a neural…
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