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Study sets matching "sensation and sensation perception hearing"

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Study sets matching "sensation and sensation perception hearing"

15 terms
Sensation and Perception Hearing
Sound Properties
Wavelength/frequency
amplitude
timbre
Pitch, Volume ,Purity
depend on how often the peak in the air pressure passes the e…
refers to height, relative to the threshold for human hearing…
the quality of a sound determined by the purity of a waveform
Sound Properties
Pitch, Volume ,Purity
Wavelength/frequency
depend on how often the peak in the air pressure passes the e…
33 terms
Sensation and Perception Hearing
Amplitude/Intensity
frequency
loudness
decibel (dB)
the magnitude of displacement (increase of decrease) of a sou…
for sound, the number of times per second that a pattern of p…
the psychological aspect of sound related to perceived intens…
a unit of measure for the physical intensity of sound (differ…
Amplitude/Intensity
the magnitude of displacement (increase of decrease) of a sou…
frequency
for sound, the number of times per second that a pattern of p…
87 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing
Why is the detection of sound advantag…
Sound cannot be ________ ______ like v…
Sound is both __________ _________ and…
Sound is a good mechanism to avoid ___…
It does not require the organism to orient toward a sound for…
Shut Out
Attention Capturing (bottom-up) and Meaningful (top-down)
PREDATION
Why is the detection of sound advantag…
It does not require the organism to orient toward a sound for…
Sound cannot be ________ ______ like v…
Shut Out
13 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing in the Environment
interaural time differences (ITD)
azimuth
interaural level difference (ILD)
medial superior olive (MSO)
the difference in time between a sound arriving at one ear ve…
the angle of a sound source on the horizon relative to a poin…
the difference in level (intensity) between a sound arriving…
a relay station in the brain stem where inputs from both ears…
interaural time differences (ITD)
the difference in time between a sound arriving at one ear ve…
azimuth
the angle of a sound source on the horizon relative to a poin…
46 terms
Sensation and perception: Vision and Hearing
Selective Attention
Dichotic listening
Cocktail party effect
Flow experience
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
-2 stories in each ear... -listen to both at the same time, and…
-The ability to attend to one voice among many
-An experience that is so engrossing and enjoyable that the p…
Selective Attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Dichotic listening
-2 stories in each ear... -listen to both at the same time, and…
33 terms
Sensation & Perception: Vision and Hearing
wavelength
hue
intensity
pupil
the distance from the peak of one wave to the peak of the next
the dimension of visual experience specified by color names a…
Amount of energy in a wave; determined by the amplitude, rela…
the adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which…
wavelength
the distance from the peak of one wave to the peak of the next
hue
the dimension of visual experience specified by color names a…
11 terms
Sensation & Perception: Hearing Loss
hearing loss
conductive hearing loss
causes of conductive hearing loss
otosclerosis
increased threshold or problems interpreting sounds, even if…
tympanic membrane and/or ossicles can't move properly - don't…
obstruction in ear canal, eardrum perforation, otitis media (…
abnormal growth of middle ear bones, especially near oval win…
hearing loss
increased threshold or problems interpreting sounds, even if…
conductive hearing loss
tympanic membrane and/or ossicles can't move properly - don't…
52 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing
Frequency
Hz (Hertz)
longer; lower
Pure Tone
The number of complete waves that pass a given point in space…
Unit of measurement for frequency
The ___ the wavelength, the ___ the frequency.
1 frequency
Frequency
The number of complete waves that pass a given point in space…
Hz (Hertz)
Unit of measurement for frequency
11 terms
Sensation and Perception--Hearing
pinna
auditory canal
tympanic membrane
ossicles
outer ear
channel that leads from the pinna to the eardrum
The eardrum. ... A structure that separates the outer ear from…
3 tiny bones in the middle ear that amplify sounds
pinna
outer ear
auditory canal
channel that leads from the pinna to the eardrum
9 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing
The Outer Ear
Frequency
Amplitude
Middle Ear
Auricle (pinna)... Ear Lobe... External auditory canal... tympanic…
Will determine the pitch of sound
will determine the intensity of the sound
Ossicles: Malleus, incus, stapes... Oval Window... Malleus is in di…
The Outer Ear
Auricle (pinna)... Ear Lobe... External auditory canal... tympanic…
Frequency
Will determine the pitch of sound
sensation and perception-hearing
Auditory canal
Pinna
Ear Canal
Cochlea
the area that sound waves pass through to reach the eardrum
the outside of the ear
A narrow region leading from the outside of the human ear to…
A coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through wh…
Auditory canal
the area that sound waves pass through to reach the eardrum
Pinna
the outside of the ear
20 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing
Amplitude
Frequency
Timbre
Decibels
determines loudness of a sound
determines pitch
(quality) differences in the complexity of sound waves, a mix…
unit of measurement for loudness
Amplitude
determines loudness of a sound
Frequency
determines pitch
20 terms
sensation and perception (hearing)
Amplitude
Frequency
Timbre/ quality
we measure loudness in
determines loudness
determines pitch
differences in the complexity of sound waves a mix of their f…
decibels
Amplitude
determines loudness
Frequency
determines pitch
13 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing
Frequency
Amplitude
Tympanic membrane
Cochlea
The number of cycles completed by a wave in a given amount of…
The physical strength of a wave. Usually measured from peak (…
The eardrum
The primary organ of hearing; a coiled tube in the inner ear,…
Frequency
The number of cycles completed by a wave in a given amount of…
Amplitude
The physical strength of a wave. Usually measured from peak (…
20 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing
Amplitude
Frequency
Timbre
Decibels
determines loudness of a sound
determines pitch
(quality) differences in the complexity of sound waves, a mix…
unit of measurement for loudness
Amplitude
determines loudness of a sound
Frequency
determines pitch
10 terms
Hearing: Sensation and Perception
Sound waves
Amplitude
Wavelength or frequency
Timbre
Stimulus for hearing
Loudness
Pitch
Purity
Sound waves
Stimulus for hearing
Amplitude
Loudness
9 terms
Sensation, Perception, and Hearing Notes
Sensation
Psychophysics
Absolute threshold
Light
Process which sense organ receptors cells are stimulated and…
Relation of physical stimuli and consciousness of events; by…
Smallest amount of given stimuli a person can detect with the…
Can detect a flame 30 miles at night
Sensation
Process which sense organ receptors cells are stimulated and…
Psychophysics
Relation of physical stimuli and consciousness of events; by…
11 terms
sensation and perception (hearing/ touch)
frequency
pitch
outer ear
eardrum
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
a tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency.
visible; channels the sound waves through the auditory canal…
a tight membrane that vibrates with the waves.
frequency
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
pitch
a tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency.
17 terms
Hearing (Sensation and Perception)
What is a hearing stimulus?
Amplitude
Wavelength
Purity
sound waves
loudness
pitch
timbre
What is a hearing stimulus?
sound waves
Amplitude
loudness
11 terms
Chapter 4 - Sensation and Perception: Hearing
Audition
Frequency
Pitch
Middle Ear
the sense or act of hearing.
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
a tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency.
transmits the eardrum's vibrations through a piston made of t…
Audition
the sense or act of hearing.
Frequency
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
51 terms
Sensation, Perception, and Hearing
Auditory
External Ear
Middle Ear
Ossicles
-Reception and perception of sound... -External and middle parts…
Conducts sound to tympanic membrane (ear drum)... -Auricle/pinna…
Located in the temporal bone... -eustachian tube equalizes press…
Malleus, Incus, and Stapes... Nerve conduction along CN Vlll... -Vi…
Auditory
-Reception and perception of sound... -External and middle parts…
External Ear
Conducts sound to tympanic membrane (ear drum)... -Auricle/pinna…
16 terms
Hearing (Sensation and Perception)(APpsych)
Hearing
Sound Waves Info
Sound Waves
Frequency
Auditory Perception when sound waves hit the structure of the…
Changes over time in the pressure of an elastic medium (Air)…
Changes in pressure caused by molecules of air moving
Number of cycles per second in wave (Hz)... Determines pitch
Hearing
Auditory Perception when sound waves hit the structure of the…
Sound Waves Info
Changes over time in the pressure of an elastic medium (Air)…
Hearing Test- Sensation and Perception
sound (physical definition)
sound (perceptual definition)
condensation
rarefaction
pressure changes in the air or other medium
the experience we have when we hear
pushing air molecules together (dark parts)
pulling the air molecules apart (lighter parts)
sound (physical definition)
pressure changes in the air or other medium
sound (perceptual definition)
the experience we have when we hear
13 terms
Sensation and Perception/ Vision/ Hearing
Absolute Threshold
Just Noticeable Difference
Sensory Adaptation
Wavelength
Minimal intensity required to detect a stim on 50% of trials
Minimal change in a stim that can just barely be detected
Diminishing sensitivity to an unchangeable stim
Determines hue
Absolute Threshold
Minimal intensity required to detect a stim on 50% of trials
Just Noticeable Difference
Minimal change in a stim that can just barely be detected
8 terms
sensation and perception (hearing)
Pinna
The function of the curves
What do we measure vibrations with?
Ears can detect how many hurts?
Part of the ear that sticks out
Amplifies(makes strong) certain frequencies
Frequency
20-20,000
Pinna
Part of the ear that sticks out
The function of the curves
Amplifies(makes strong) certain frequencies
11 terms
Perception and sensation 3 ( hearing)
Audition
Frequency
Pitch
Middle ear
The sense or act of hearing
The number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
A tone's experienced highness or lowness; depends on frequency
The chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three…
Audition
The sense or act of hearing
Frequency
The number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a giv…
13 terms
Hearing: Sensation & Perception
Stimulus for hearing
Properties of sound
Loudness
Pitch (high or low)
Sound waves
Loudness, Pitch, and Purity
Amplitude measured in decibels
Wavelength/Frequency measured in hertz
Stimulus for hearing
Sound waves
Properties of sound
Loudness, Pitch, and Purity
73 terms
Sensation & Perception Hearing
amplitude
loudness
decibel
frequency
magnitude of displacement (increase or decrease) of a sound p…
psychological aspect of sound related to perceived intensity…
unit of measure for the physical intensity of sound (differen…
the number of times per second that a pattern of pressure cha…
amplitude
magnitude of displacement (increase or decrease) of a sound p…
loudness
psychological aspect of sound related to perceived intensity…
55 terms
Sensation and perception: Taste and hearing
Taste
Taste as a chemical sense
Structure of tongue
Tastant molecules
-gustatory sense... - once thought to be sweet, sour, salty, and…
-taste receptors are chemoreceptors that detect different mol…
-Papillae: small bumps that cover the top and sides of the -t…
-how taste receptors react is determined by the tastant molec…
Taste
-gustatory sense... - once thought to be sweet, sour, salty, and…
Taste as a chemical sense
-taste receptors are chemoreceptors that detect different mol…
10 terms
Sensation & Perception: Hearing
Frequency
Amplitude
Tympanic membrane
Cochlea
The number of cycles completed by a wave in a given amount of…
The physical strength of a wave. Usually measured from peak t…
The eardrum
The primary organ of hearing; a coiled tube in the inner ear…
Frequency
The number of cycles completed by a wave in a given amount of…
Amplitude
The physical strength of a wave. Usually measured from peak t…
40 terms
Sensation and Perception: Seeing and Hearing
Signal Detection Theory
noise
internal noise
selective attention
transition from sensing to not, is gradual
competing stimuli from internal/external stimulus
memory, moods, motivations that influence sensation
focus on consciousness on a stimulus
Signal Detection Theory
transition from sensing to not, is gradual
noise
competing stimuli from internal/external stimulus
96 terms
Sensation and Perception: Hearing and Music
sound
amplitude
wavelength
loudness
created when objects vibrate, causing the medium around the o…
= intensity... the magnitude of the pressure change in a sound w…
distance between the peaks of a wave
the perceptual quality associated with amplitude
sound
created when objects vibrate, causing the medium around the o…
amplitude
= intensity... the magnitude of the pressure change in a sound w…
8 terms
Sensation, Perception, Hearing
threshold
pupil
lens
retina
maximum to detect
regulates light energy
transparent and changes shape to focus
light sensitive receptors
threshold
maximum to detect
pupil
regulates light energy
56 terms
Sensation,Perception, Vision, Hearing
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
8 terms
SENSATION & PERCEPTION: HEARING
What is covered by the outer ear and w…
What is covered by the middle ear and…
What is covered by the inner ear and w…
What is the function of cochlea and wh…
It covers from the external to the tympanic membrane ... 1.) Aur…
The middle ear is covered by the tympanic membrane and ends a…
Starts at the oval window and goes to the auditory nerve ... 1.)…
Hearing apparatus ... 1.) Hair cells: translate vibration into n…
What is covered by the outer ear and w…
It covers from the external to the tympanic membrane ... 1.) Aur…
What is covered by the middle ear and…
The middle ear is covered by the tympanic membrane and ends a…
30 terms
Sensation and Perception: Vision and Hearing
wavelength
lens
optic nerve
parallel processing
Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…
The transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape…
the nerve that carries neural impulses from the eye to the br…
The processing of several aspects of a problem simultaneously…
wavelength
Horizontal distance between the crests or between the troughs…
lens
The transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape…
27 terms
Sensation and Perception: The Auditory System and Hearing
sound waves
properties of sound waves
1. amplitude
2. frequency
change in air pressure; mechanical energy propagating through…
Amplitude - related to loudness... Sound Waves - mechanical ene…
height, relative to the threshold for human hearing (0 decibe…
related to pitch: how high or low a sound is; shorter wavelen…
sound waves
change in air pressure; mechanical energy propagating through…
properties of sound waves
Amplitude - related to loudness... Sound Waves - mechanical ene…
68 terms
Sensation and Perception Chapter 9 Hearing
acoustic reflex
afferent fiber
amplitude
amplitude or intensity
A reflex that protects the ear from intense sounds, via contr…
A neuron that carries sensory information to the central nerv…
The size (increase or decrease) of a head movement (e.g., ang…
The magnitude of displacement (increase or decrease) of a sou…
acoustic reflex
A reflex that protects the ear from intense sounds, via contr…
afferent fiber
A neuron that carries sensory information to the central nerv…
28 terms
Chapter 4 - Sensation and Perception (Hearing)
Sound waves
Pitch
Loudness
Parts of the Outer and Middle Ear
Rhythmic or vibrating movement of air molecules
Higher or lower tone of a sound - frequency
Sound intensity... - Measured in decibels... (Normal convo = 60 db,…
- Pinna... - Tympanic Membrane... - Auditory Ossicles
Sound waves
Rhythmic or vibrating movement of air molecules
Pitch
Higher or lower tone of a sound - frequency
101 terms
Sensation and Perception Final Exam: Hearing
acoustic energy
acoustic reflex
afferent fiber
amplitude/intensity
A disturbance in the density of... particles which comprise an e…
A reflex that protects the ear from intense sounds, via contr…
A neuron that carries sensory information to the central nerv…
The magnitude of displacement (increase or decrease) of a sou…
acoustic energy
A disturbance in the density of... particles which comprise an e…
acoustic reflex
A reflex that protects the ear from intense sounds, via contr…
70 terms
Sensation & Perception - Ch. 11: Hearing
Acoustic prism
Amplitude
Apex (of the cochlea or basilar membra…
Attack
the way the cochlea separates frequencies entering the ear to…
in the case of a repeating sound wave, such as the sine wave…
the end of the cochlea farthest from the middle ear
the buildup of sound energy that occurs at the beginning of a…
Acoustic prism
the way the cochlea separates frequencies entering the ear to…
Amplitude
in the case of a repeating sound wave, such as the sine wave…
37 terms
sensation/perception auditory sensation and hearing loss
common environmental sounds
sensorineural aka
sensorineural deafness
treatment for sensorineural deafness
enough to damage hair cells in inner ear, particularly near b…
nerve deafness
generally permanent, comes from damage to neurons- inner or o…
cochlear implant for complete deafness, hearing aid for parti…
common environmental sounds
enough to damage hair cells in inner ear, particularly near b…
sensorineural aka
nerve deafness
23 terms
Unit 3: Sensation and Perception, Hearing
Loudness (amplitude)
Pitch (frequency)
Timbre
Outer Ear
intensity of a sound wave... pressure/intensity... higher amplitude…
number of sound waves per second ... depends on the sound pressu…
quality of sound by complexity of sound wave... distinction of s…
collects and detects direction of sound
Loudness (amplitude)
intensity of a sound wave... pressure/intensity... higher amplitude…
Pitch (frequency)
number of sound waves per second ... depends on the sound pressu…
40 terms
Ch 4: Sensation and Perception (hearing)
distal stimulus
proximal stimulus
Psychophysics
absolute threshold
object/event in outside world
energies from outside world that directly reach our senses
understanding relationship btwn stimuli and psych. experiences
smallest quantity of stimulus and individual can detect
distal stimulus
object/event in outside world
proximal stimulus
energies from outside world that directly reach our senses
29 terms
Sensation Perception And Hearing (Chapter 3)
Sensation
Perception
Sensory Adaptation
Visible Light
Stimulation of sensory receptors by sensory information.
The process by which sensations are organized into an inner r…
The process by which organisms become more sensitive to stimu…
The part of the electromagnetic spectrum that stimulates the…
Sensation
Stimulation of sensory receptors by sensory information.
Perception
The process by which sensations are organized into an inner r…
25 terms
Sensation and Perception - Chapter 11 - Hearing
Acoustic Prism
Attack
Audibility Curve
Basilar Membrane
The way the cochlea separates frequencies entering the ear to…
The buildup of sound energy that occurs at the beginning of a…
A curve that indicates the sound pressure level (SPL) at thre…
A membrane that stretches the length of the cochlea and contr…
Acoustic Prism
The way the cochlea separates frequencies entering the ear to…
Attack
The buildup of sound energy that occurs at the beginning of a…
9 terms
Unit 4- Sensation and Perception ((Hearing))
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
Basilar Membrane
Channels sound waves through auditory canal to the eardrum, w…
Transmits eardrum vibrations through a piston made of 3 tiny…
Contains the cochlea + its membrane (oval window and basilar…
The cochlea's membrane, which contains hair cells that bend w…
Outer Ear
Channels sound waves through auditory canal to the eardrum, w…
Middle Ear
Transmits eardrum vibrations through a piston made of 3 tiny…
12 terms
Sensation and Perception (hearing and other senses)
amplitude
frequency
pinna
eardrum, hammer, anvil and stirrup
determines loudness of a sound
determines pitch
part of the ear we see
transmits the vibrations of the eardrum through a piston made…
amplitude
determines loudness of a sound
frequency
determines pitch
21 terms
Sensation and Perception pt. 3 Hearing
Sound Wave
Pitch
Wavelength
Loudness
The way in which sound travels to our ears.
The frequency of a sound which determines how high or low the…
How sound waves are measured
The amplitude of the sound wave determines the strength or x…
Sound Wave
The way in which sound travels to our ears.
Pitch
The frequency of a sound which determines how high or low the…
Sensation and Perception (hearing and other senses)
sound
outer ear
right ear
left ear
movement of air molecules caused by sound vibration
funnel sound to inner ear
speech
music
sound
movement of air molecules caused by sound vibration
outer ear
funnel sound to inner ear
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