Study sets matching "sensation and sensation perception set"

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Study sets matching "sensation and sensation perception set"

101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
639 terms
Sensation and Perception: Cumulative Set
sensation
senses
perception
representations
This entails the first steps in the perceptual process. Physi…
These are used to transduce physical features of the environm…
This entails the last steps of the perceptual process. The el…
These are used to characterize stimuli so that it may be reco…
sensation
This entails the first steps in the perceptual process. Physi…
senses
These are used to transduce physical features of the environm…
40 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
54 terms
sensation and perception exam 2
contrast
contrast acuity
lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN)
topographical mapping of LGN
difference in luminance between an object and the background…
the smallest spatial detail that can be resolved
a structure in the thalamus, part of the mid-brain, that rece…
the orderly mapping of the world in the lateral geniculate nu…
contrast
difference in luminance between an object and the background…
contrast acuity
the smallest spatial detail that can be resolved
41 terms
Sensation and Perception
"Perceiving machines" that can negotia…
The following is an application of per…
the following is a reason for studying…
The study of perception can overlap with
have yet to be developed
Developing speech recognition systems.... Treating hearing probl…
To become more aware of your own perceptual experiences.... To p…
medicine.... computer science.... philosophy.
"Perceiving machines" that can negotia…
have yet to be developed
The following is an application of per…
Developing speech recognition systems.... Treating hearing probl…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
61 terms
Chapter 6: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
44 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
159 terms
Sensation and Perception Exam #1
Sensation
Perception
Psychophysics
Two-Point Threshold
The ability to detect a stimulus and, perhaps, turn that dete…
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation; how we int…
The science of defining quantitative relationships between ph…
The minimum distance at which two stimuli can be distinguished
Sensation
The ability to detect a stimulus and, perhaps, turn that dete…
Perception
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation; how we int…
46 terms
Sensation and Perception
3 standard definitions of perception
Who does the perceiving?
Where does perceiving take place?
What is/are the fundamental unit(s) of…
. The act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as sig…
Not just an ORGAN, ... but an ORGANISM... YOU do the perceiving, no…
Perceiving takes place ... in an environment ... (e.g.,on a structu…
The fundamental ... unit of perception ... is the organism-... environ…
3 standard definitions of perception
. The act of organizing and interpreting sensory input as sig…
Who does the perceiving?
Not just an ORGAN, ... but an ORGANISM... YOU do the perceiving, no…
40 terms
Sensation & Perception Review Set
Grouping Principles (Gestalt)
Kinesthesis
Vestibular Sense
Sensation
an organized whole, tendency to integrate pieces of informati…
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that…
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Grouping Principles (Gestalt)
an organized whole, tendency to integrate pieces of informati…
Kinesthesis
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
37 terms
Sensation and Perception
Top-Down Processing
Perceptual Set
Bottom-Up Processing
Absolute Threshold
using models, ideas, and expectations to interpret sensory in…
Is what we EXPECT to see, which influences what we DO see... lo…
taking sensory information and then assembling and integratin…
the minimum level of stimulus intensity needed to detect a st…
Top-Down Processing
using models, ideas, and expectations to interpret sensory in…
Perceptual Set
Is what we EXPECT to see, which influences what we DO see... lo…
185 terms
Sensation and perception
Definition of sensation
Definition of perception
Adaptation
Absolute Threshold
sensation is the ability to detect a stimulus and perhap's to…
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation... Perception…
if there is no change in stimulation our senses adapt and we…
is the minimum amount of stimulation necessary for a person t…
Definition of sensation
sensation is the ability to detect a stimulus and perhap's to…
Definition of perception
The act of giving meaning to a detected sensation... Perception…
44 terms
Sensation and Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Absolute Threshold
Subliminal Threshold
From your senses to your brain
From your brain to your senses
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
When stimuli are below a person's absolute threshold
Bottom-Up Processing
From your senses to your brain
Top-Down Processing
From your brain to your senses
39 terms
Sensation and Perception
Transduction
sensory adaptation
sensory habituation
Sensation
a process in which signals are transformed into neural impulses
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
our perception of sensations is partially due to how focused…
the activation of our senses (eyes, ears, and so on)
Transduction
a process in which signals are transformed into neural impulses
sensory adaptation
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
Unit 4: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
Analysis begins with sensory receptors and works up to brain'…
Information processing guided by higher mental processes, or…
Sensation
Process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Perception
Process of organizing and interpreting sensory information, e…
20 terms
Sensation and perception
Fovea
Retina
Lens
Pupil
fine focus region
converts light into neural impulses
fine focusing of the lights onto the retina
opening that regulates the amount of light that hits the retina
Fovea
fine focus region
Retina
converts light into neural impulses
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Psychophysics
Absolute Threshold
The stimulation of sense organs
The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
The study of how physical stimuli are translated to psycholog…
The minimum stimulus intensity an organism can detect 50% of…
Sensation
The stimulation of sense organs
Perception
The selection, organization, and interpretation of sensory in…
Sensation and Perception
Transduction:
Sensory adaptation:
Sensory habituation (perceptual adapta…
Cocktail-party phenomenon:
the translation of incoming stimuli into neural signals. Neur…
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
our perception of sensations is partially determined by how f…
if you are talking with a friend and someone across the room…
Transduction:
the translation of incoming stimuli into neural signals. Neur…
Sensory adaptation:
decreasing responsiveness to stimuli due to constant stimulat…
73 terms
Sensation and Perception
absolute threshold
binocular cues
blind spot
cochlea
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
place on the retina out where the optic nerve leaves the eye,…
snail-shaped structure in the inner ear; contains fluid that…
absolute threshold
minimal amount of energy required to produce any sensation, 5…
binocular cues
visual messages/cues that require two eyes (retinal disparity…
101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
81 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom Up Processing
Top Down Processing
A process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system r…
A process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
Taking sensory information and then assembling and integratin…
Using models, ideas,and expectations to interpret sensory inf…
Sensation
A process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system r…
Perception
A process of organizing and interpreting sensory information
104 terms
Sensation and Perception
Absolute Threshold
Accommodation
Acuity
Anosmia
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
(perceptual) - The process by which the eye's lens changes sh…
The sharpness of vision.
The inability to smell.
Absolute Threshold
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Accommodation
(perceptual) - The process by which the eye's lens changes sh…
Sensation Perception
Sensation
Perception
Transduction
Selective Attention
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Conversion of one form of energy into another. In sensation,…
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
87 terms
Sensation & Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
sensation and perception set 2
Hertz
Pitch
Loudness
Outer ear
Measurement of frequency of waves threshold of hearing is 0
How or high a sound is depends on the frequency of its waves
Determined by height (amplitude) of the sound waves
Shaped to capture sound waves, vibrate them and transmit soun…
Hertz
Measurement of frequency of waves threshold of hearing is 0
Pitch
How or high a sound is depends on the frequency of its waves
65 terms
Sensation & Perception
Threshold Theory
Signal Detection Theory
Transduction
Sensory Adaptation
A hypothesis regarding group dynamics positing that conflict…
To quantify the ability to discern between information-bearin…
The transforming of stimulus energies, such as sights, sounds…
Diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation
Threshold Theory
A hypothesis regarding group dynamics positing that conflict…
Signal Detection Theory
To quantify the ability to discern between information-bearin…
Sensation and perception set 3
Gestalt theory
Signal detection theory
Response criteria
False positive
perception in whole units, not by analysis into parts
the effects of the distractions and interference we experienc…
how motivated we are to detect certain stimuli and what we ex…
when we think we perceive a stimulus that is not there False…
Gestalt theory
perception in whole units, not by analysis into parts
Signal detection theory
the effects of the distractions and interference we experienc…
Sensation and Perception Review Set
Ambivalent (adj)
Analogous (adj)
Emissary (n)
Felicity (n)
Having mixed feelings about someone or something; being unabl…
Similar, alike, like, comparable, akin.
A representative sent on a mission or errand; delegate, ambas…
The state of being happy in a high degree; a cause of happine…
Ambivalent (adj)
Having mixed feelings about someone or something; being unabl…
Analogous (adj)
Similar, alike, like, comparable, akin.
Set 5: Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
bottom-up process; physical sensory system receives/represent…
top-down mental process of organizing and interpreting sensor…
sensory analysis that begins at entry level, with info flowin…
info processing guided by high-level mental processes, making…
sensation
bottom-up process; physical sensory system receives/represent…
perception
top-down mental process of organizing and interpreting sensor…
149 terms
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
psychophysics
transduction
sensory adaptation
trying to get physical stimuli into the brain through sensory…
study of how physical stimuli are translated into a psycholog…
transformation of physical energy into neural energy.... physica…
our senses are specialized to detect change (adaptive cuz cha…
Sensation
trying to get physical stimuli into the brain through sensory…
psychophysics
study of how physical stimuli are translated into a psycholog…
Sensation/Perception Set 1
sensation
sensory receptors
absolute threshold
difference threshold
the process by which we recieve, transform, and process stimu…
specialized cells that detect sensory stimuli and convert the…
the smallest amount of a given stimulus a person can sense
the minimal difference in the magnitude of energy needed for…
sensation
the process by which we recieve, transform, and process stimu…
sensory receptors
specialized cells that detect sensory stimuli and convert the…
Sensation & Perception Review Set
Grouping Principles (Gestalt)
Kinesthesis
Vestibular Sense
Sensation
an organized whole, tendency to integrate pieces of informati…
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
a sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that…
process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system rec…
Grouping Principles (Gestalt)
an organized whole, tendency to integrate pieces of informati…
Kinesthesis
the system for sensing the position and movement of individua…
Sensation Perception Ex 1
Sensation
sensation has 3 stages
reception
transduction
- direct stimulation... - sensory system detects info from envir…
- reception... - transduction... - transmission
- the stimulation of sensory receptor cells by energy (found,…
- transforming the cell stimulation into neural impulses
Sensation
- direct stimulation... - sensory system detects info from envir…
sensation has 3 stages
- reception... - transduction... - transmission
30 terms
Sensation & Perception
Homunculus
Sensation
Synesthesia
Chemical Senses
Your brain's map of your body
Bringing in information through your senses.
This condition caused Sam to see the color yellow every time…
Sam's is confused when he hangs upside down from the tree bra…
Homunculus
Your brain's map of your body
Sensation
Bringing in information through your senses.
77 terms
Sensation and Perception
talk about Alan Turing
Why study sensation & perception
sensation - raw
perception - meaningful
- Turing Test: a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intel…
- understand the most complex system aka the brain... - cognitiv…
- bright... - sweet... - red
- this cookie is sweet... - the rose is red and smells great
talk about Alan Turing
- Turing Test: a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intel…
Why study sensation & perception
- understand the most complex system aka the brain... - cognitiv…
66 terms
Sensation & Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-up Processing
The process by which we receive physical energy from the envi…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
Sensation
The process by which we receive physical energy from the envi…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
65 terms
Sensation and Perception
Absolute Threshold
Accommodation
Acuity
Attention
the weakest level of a stimulus that can be correctly detecte…
process of changing the curvature of the lens to focus light…
ability to detect fine details, sharpness of vision. Can be a…
the set of processes by which you choose from among the vario…
Absolute Threshold
the weakest level of a stimulus that can be correctly detecte…
Accommodation
process of changing the curvature of the lens to focus light…
84 terms
Sensation/Perception
sensation
sense receptors
sense organs
bottom up processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Specialized cells that convert physical energy in the environ…
Organs that receive stimuli.
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
sense receptors
Specialized cells that convert physical energy in the environ…
30 terms
The rest of Sensation and Perception SET
Gestalt psychologists
Size Constancy
Proximity
Continuity
Described principles that govern how we percieve groups of ob…
Object closer to our eyes will produce bigger images on our r…
Objects that are close together are more likely to be perceiv…
Objects that form a continuous form (such as a trail or a geo…
Gestalt psychologists
Described principles that govern how we percieve groups of ob…
Size Constancy
Object closer to our eyes will produce bigger images on our r…
Sensation & Perception
sensation
perception
transduction
absolute threshold
way we get raw sensory info
attach meaning, interpretation
transfer of sensory info into neural impulse... physical energy…
the smallest amount of stimulation to detect it is there 50%…
sensation
way we get raw sensory info
perception
attach meaning, interpretation
67 terms
Sensation and Perception Test 1
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
Method of Limits for Absolute Threshold
Method of Limits - Problems and Soluti…
The minimum intensity of stimulus required to produce a sensa…
The minimum difference in intensity between two stimuli that…
1. Present an orderly series of stimulus intensities... 2. At ea…
1) Error of Habituation/Perserveration: Subjects tend to keep…
Absolute Threshold
The minimum intensity of stimulus required to produce a sensa…
Difference Threshold
The minimum difference in intensity between two stimuli that…
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
101 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis begins withe the sensory receptors and works up to t…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the subjective awareness of a stimulus; the process by which…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Bottoms up processing
Top down processing
sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent st…
Interpreting sensory information
Sensory receptors and works its way up of processing
Processing guided by higher level of mental processing
Sensation
sensory receptors and nervous system receive and represent st…
Perception
Interpreting sensory information
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Modality : Type of stimulus... Location :…
Hair Cell
an effect of transduction, the process by which auditory,elec…
The processing of electrical signals that gets into the brain.
Four properties that sensory receptors communicate to the cen…
This receptor cell responds to the motion of fluid in the inn…
Sensation
an effect of transduction, the process by which auditory,elec…
Perception
The processing of electrical signals that gets into the brain.
Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Signal Detection Theory
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
The minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
A theory predicting how and when we detect the presence of a…
Sensation
The process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
64 terms
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Sensation and Perception Chapter 9
Colour signals help us to
Colour facilitates
Colour vision may provide
Basic Colours
classify and identify objects
perceptual organization of elements into objects
an evolutionary advantage in foraging for food
red... yellow... green ... blue
Colour signals help us to
classify and identify objects
Colour facilitates
perceptual organization of elements into objects
Sensation and Perception
sensation
perception
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
sensation
the process by which our sensory receptors and nervous system…
perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
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