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Study sets matching "sense organs"

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Study sets matching "sense organs"

79 terms
Sense Organs
What kind of nerve endings generate ne…
General types of stimuli
Chemical stimuli
Thermal Stimuli
dendrites
Mechanical... Thermal... Chemical
taste and smell
hot and cold
What kind of nerve endings generate ne…
dendrites
General types of stimuli
Mechanical... Thermal... Chemical
115 terms
Sense Organs
accommodation
anterior chamber
aqueous humor
biconvex
Normal adjustment of the eye to focus on objects from far to…
Area behind the cornea an in front of the lens and iris; Cont…
fluid produced by the ciliary body and found in the anterior…
consisting of two surfaces that are runded, elevated, and cur…
accommodation
Normal adjustment of the eye to focus on objects from far to…
anterior chamber
Area behind the cornea an in front of the lens and iris; Cont…
136 terms
Sense Organs
Sensory input
Sensory receptor
Sense organs
Transduction
Vital to the integrity of personality and intellectual function
A structure specialized to detect a stimulus. Includes bare n…
Nerve tissue surrounded by other tissues that enhance respons…
Changing from one type of energy to another (light, sound, he…
Sensory input
Vital to the integrity of personality and intellectual function
Sensory receptor
A structure specialized to detect a stimulus. Includes bare n…
14 terms
Sense Organs
Sensation
4 "things" necessary for a sensation t…
What category of receptors is on the t…
Gustatory receptors
Conscious awareness of a stimulus due to nerve impulse sent t…
1.A stimulus.... 2. A receptor- generates/initiates neuron impul…
Chemoreceptors ... - Gustatory receptors: On the tongue known, a…
Sensation
Conscious awareness of a stimulus due to nerve impulse sent t…
4 "things" necessary for a sensation t…
1.A stimulus.... 2. A receptor- generates/initiates neuron impul…
22 terms
Sense organs
Cornea
Iris
pupil
Lens
Whats 3
Cornea
Iris
29 terms
Sense Organs
lens
conjunctiva
Cornea
Iris
A
B
C
D
lens
A
conjunctiva
B
42 terms
The Senses and Sense Organs
Sensory Receptors
Thermoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Chemoreceptors
A structure specialized to detect a stimulus.
Detects changes in temperature.
Detect light and allow us to see.
Pickup chemicals
Sensory Receptors
A structure specialized to detect a stimulus.
Thermoreceptors
Detects changes in temperature.
65 terms
Sense Organs
Sensory Receptors
Sensory Receptors
Sensation
Receptive field
Combine with muscle and tissue to form sense organs. transmit…
Consist of specialized nerve cells or nerve endings
Begins when a receptor detects a stimulus; if the stimulus is…
Sensory neuron responds to stimuli in a certain area
Sensory Receptors
Combine with muscle and tissue to form sense organs. transmit…
Sensory Receptors
Consist of specialized nerve cells or nerve endings
28 terms
Sense Organs
audition
bitter
bright
cochlea
audición
amargo
brillante
cóclea, caracol
audition
audición
bitter
amargo
43 terms
Sense Organs
Path Light Takes
Path Sound Takes
Chemoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
cornea -- aqueous humor -- pupil -- lens -- vitreous humor --…
Pinna -- auditory canal -- tympanic membrane -- malleus -- in…
Detect chemicals; taste and smell
Detect a force (ex. pain, sound waves, light waves)
Path Light Takes
cornea -- aqueous humor -- pupil -- lens -- vitreous humor --…
Path Sound Takes
Pinna -- auditory canal -- tympanic membrane -- malleus -- in…
Sense Organs
auricle
malleus
The 3 ossicles
stapes
-external ear... -helps to direct sound waves into the auditory…
one of 3 ossicles, connected to tympanic membrane and moves w…
MIS- malleus, incus, stapes
one of 3 ossicles attached to the incus that fits into the ov…
auricle
-external ear... -helps to direct sound waves into the auditory…
malleus
one of 3 ossicles, connected to tympanic membrane and moves w…
18 terms
Sense Organs
three layers of the eye
fibrous tunic
vascular tunic
retina
Fibrous tunic, vascular tunic, and retina
avascular superficial layer of the eyeball; includes cornea a…
choroid, ciliary body, iris
The light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the…
three layers of the eye
Fibrous tunic, vascular tunic, and retina
fibrous tunic
avascular superficial layer of the eyeball; includes cornea a…
21 terms
Sense Organs
optic nerve
vibrate
molecules
taste buds
carries message of what you have seen to your brain
to move rapidly back and forth
tiny particles of a substance
the little bumps on the tongue
optic nerve
carries message of what you have seen to your brain
vibrate
to move rapidly back and forth
Sense Organs
Four general types of stimuli
What are they?
Mechanical
Thermal
Mechanical... Thermal... Electromagnetic... Chemical
Specalized nerve endings
Touch... Hearing... Balance
Superficial and core body temp
Four general types of stimuli
Mechanical... Thermal... Electromagnetic... Chemical
What are they?
Specalized nerve endings
20 terms
sense organs
exteroceptors
interoceptors
sensory receptors
touch receptors
respond to stimuli that originate OUTSIDE the body
respond to stimuli that originates WITHIN the body
CHEMORECEPTORS- chemical stimului eg. hormones ph and oxy lev…
FREE NERVE ENDINGS... ENCAPSULATED NERVE ENDINGS... SPECIALIZED CEL…
exteroceptors
respond to stimuli that originate OUTSIDE the body
interoceptors
respond to stimuli that originates WITHIN the body
5 terms
Sense Organs
ears
eyes
nose
mouth
2 cartilaginous pieces that are parallell to each other on th…
2 spherical muscles that help you see in color
a piece of hard cartilage in the middle of your face that hel…
the opening in your face (lower quadrant), through which food…
ears
2 cartilaginous pieces that are parallell to each other on th…
eyes
2 spherical muscles that help you see in color
15 terms
Sense Organs
Ossicles of Middle Ear
Glaucoma
General senses vs Special senses
Conjunctivitis
a group of diseases that result in damage to optic nerve and…
Gen: pain temperature touch pressure vibration proprioception…
...
Ossicles of Middle Ear
Glaucoma
a group of diseases that result in damage to optic nerve and…
28 terms
Sense Organs
Sensory receptors
Sensory Transduction
Types of receptors
Vestibular Apparatus
-specialized cells capable of detecting changes in internal o…
-converting a stimulus into a nerve impulse
1. interoceptors - receive stimuli from the inner body like c…
-Controls balance
Sensory receptors
-specialized cells capable of detecting changes in internal o…
Sensory Transduction
-converting a stimulus into a nerve impulse
53 terms
Sense organs
Auricle... captures and funnels sound wav…
external auditory canal... transmits soun…
tympanic membrane(eardrum)... converts so…
malleus... transmit sound from the tympa…
Auricle... captures and funnels sound wav…
external auditory canal... transmits soun…
Sense Organs
Exteroceptors
visceroceptors
proprioreceptors
conjunctiva
surface receptors, located on the skin, mucosa, eye and ears.
located in the walls of the blood vessels in the stomach, int…
located in muscles, tendons, joints, and internal ear
internal covering of the eye; mucous membrane
Exteroceptors
surface receptors, located on the skin, mucosa, eye and ears.
visceroceptors
located in the walls of the blood vessels in the stomach, int…
44 terms
Sense Organs
Auditory Tube
Auricle (Pinna)
Cochlea
Cochlear Duct
Auditory Tube
Auricle (Pinna)
90 terms
Sense Organs
Photoreceptor cells
__ are sensitive to light. ___ are sen…
What do animals see?
thin transparent membrane that covers…
Rods and cones in retina, neurons with modified dendrites
Rods; cones
Washed out color. -more rods, fewer cones... Details less sharp…
conjunctiva
Photoreceptor cells
Rods and cones in retina, neurons with modified dendrites
__ are sensitive to light. ___ are sen…
Rods; cones
35 terms
Sense Organs
Cross Section of Cochlea
Scala Vestibuli
Vestibular membrane
Scala media
each coil of the cochlea has three chambers and three membranes
The upper chamber it is connected to the oval window
tissue that forms the bottom of the scala vestibuli; bounded…
houses the spiral organ or the organ of Corti
Cross Section of Cochlea
each coil of the cochlea has three chambers and three membranes
Scala Vestibuli
The upper chamber it is connected to the oval window
21 terms
Sense organs
visceral sensations
touch
temperature
nociceptors
chemical, mechanical. hunger, thirst, hollow-organ fullness
mechanical, touch and pressure
thermal, heat and cold
mechanical, chemical, thermal, intense stimuli of any type. p…
visceral sensations
chemical, mechanical. hunger, thirst, hollow-organ fullness
touch
mechanical, touch and pressure
28 terms
Sense organs
Sense Organs
Sensory transduction
Stages sense organs detect nd respond…
What is the response:
Monitor internal and external environment.
modifies stimulus is detected by a receptor cell, changing th…
1.) filtered by accessory structures(ears) ... 2.)Sensory transd…
it is nonlinear logarithmis lets a neuron code for large rang…
Sense Organs
Monitor internal and external environment.
Sensory transduction
modifies stimulus is detected by a receptor cell, changing th…
22 terms
Sense Organs
orbit
optic nerve
fibrous tunic
scelera
the eye socket of the skull
in the back of the eye, connects the eye to the brain
the outermost layer of the eye, it is dense
the fibrous tunic is an opaque outer layer of the eye
orbit
the eye socket of the skull
optic nerve
in the back of the eye, connects the eye to the brain
38 terms
Sense Organs
acous/o; audi/o;audit/o
ambly/o
aque/o
aur/o; auricul/o; ot/o
hearing, sound
lazy eye
A clear, watery fluid that fills the space between the cornea…
ear
acous/o; audi/o;audit/o
hearing, sound
ambly/o
lazy eye
58 terms
Sense Organs
aque/o
blephar/o
conjuctiv/o
cor/o
water
eyelid
conjunctiva
pupil
aque/o
water
blephar/o
eyelid
66 terms
sense organs
Fungiform papillae
Filliform Papillae
Vallate Papillae
Arms and Legs
Papillae concentrated at the tip and sides of the tongue.
contains no taste buds, plays a role in helping an individual…
large papillae located near the rear of the tongue contains u…
special senses include all of following except
Fungiform papillae
Papillae concentrated at the tip and sides of the tongue.
Filliform Papillae
contains no taste buds, plays a role in helping an individual…
102 terms
Sense organs
Sensory receptors
Sensory transduction
Chemoreceptors
Interoreceptors
Structure that receives either external or internal environme…
Process by which a sensory receptor converts an input to a ne…
Sensory receptor that is sensitive to chemical stimulation -…
Receive stimuli from inside of the body
Sensory receptors
Structure that receives either external or internal environme…
Sensory transduction
Process by which a sensory receptor converts an input to a ne…
84 terms
Sense Organs
mechanoreceptors, thermoreceptors, pai…
mechanoreceptors (what they do and whe…
thermoreceptors
pain receptors
5 types of sensory receptors
detects reflex actions that maintain muscle tone, posture, re…
stimulated by changes in temperature, located in skin where t…
stimulated by tissue damage, sensitive to chemicals released…
mechanoreceptors, thermoreceptors, pai…
5 types of sensory receptors
mechanoreceptors (what they do and whe…
detects reflex actions that maintain muscle tone, posture, re…
10 terms
Sense Organs
Nociceptors are receptors that respond…
The true source of pain can be difficu…
The sense of taste is called:
Which inner ear structure contains the…
Pain from tissue damage
Sensory impulses from different areas of the body often trave…
gustation
Cochlea
Nociceptors are receptors that respond…
Pain from tissue damage
The true source of pain can be difficu…
Sensory impulses from different areas of the body often trave…
36 terms
Sense Organs
Path Light Takes
Path Sound Takes
Chemoreceptors
Mechanoreceptors
cornea -- aqueous humor -- pupil -- lens -- vitreous humor --…
Pinna -- auditory canal -- tympanic membrane -- malleus -- in…
Detect chemicals; taste and smell
Detect a force (ex. pain, sound waves, light waves)
Path Light Takes
cornea -- aqueous humor -- pupil -- lens -- vitreous humor --…
Path Sound Takes
Pinna -- auditory canal -- tympanic membrane -- malleus -- in…
37 terms
Sense Organs
Pupil
What are the outer structures of the e…
Iris
Scalera
Allows light into eye
Pupil... Iris... Scalera... Medial Commissure... Lateral Commissure... Lacri…
- Colored part of eye ... - Regulates pupil size
- Outer/Posterior of eye (white of eye)... - Protects eye... - Main…
Pupil
Allows light into eye
What are the outer structures of the e…
Pupil... Iris... Scalera... Medial Commissure... Lateral Commissure... Lacri…
128 terms
Sense Organs
Ear
Auricle or pinna
External acoustic meatus
Ossicles
Three divisions of the ear (external, middle, inner)
Visible part of the ear
1 1/4 inches
Bones of the middle ear
Ear
Three divisions of the ear (external, middle, inner)
Auricle or pinna
Visible part of the ear
36 terms
Sense Organs
Cornea
Extraocular Muscles
Optic Nerve
Limbus
Cornea
Extraocular Muscles
98 terms
Sense Organs
Accommodation
Ampulla
Analgesia
Anesthesia
The focusing of the lens of the eye to allow close-up and dis…
Enlargement in each semicircular canal canal that contains th…
decreased perception of pain
loss of sensation
Accommodation
The focusing of the lens of the eye to allow close-up and dis…
Ampulla
Enlargement in each semicircular canal canal that contains th…
57 terms
Sense organs
Function
Sensory receptors
intrinsic muscles
extrinsic muscles
Awareness of the environment vital in functioning of bp, body…
some combine with muscle and tissue to for sense organs (eyes…
muscle within the eyeball that constrict and dilate the eye.
muscles that are outside of the eyeball and move the eyeball.…
Function
Awareness of the environment vital in functioning of bp, body…
Sensory receptors
some combine with muscle and tissue to for sense organs (eyes…
9 terms
The Sense Organs
Receptor Cell
Cornea
Iris
Pupil
A cell that receives information about the environment and st…
A clear layer of the eye that light passes through.
The part of the eye that controls the amount of light that en…
The black circle in the center of the iris.
Receptor Cell
A cell that receives information about the environment and st…
Cornea
A clear layer of the eye that light passes through.
98 terms
Sense Organs
receptors
special senses
general senses
exteroreceptors
respond to stimuli by converting them to nerve impulses
receptors of smell, taste, vision, hearing, and equilibrium g…
receptors of organs widely distributed in the body
on or near body surface; stimuli originate outside the body;…
receptors
respond to stimuli by converting them to nerve impulses
special senses
receptors of smell, taste, vision, hearing, and equilibrium g…
72 terms
Sense organs
All the light that enters the eye ente…
An animal has an area of inflammation…
An animal's eyes "glow" in the dark wh…
An ear hematoma associated with otitis…
cornea
left side of the left eyeball where the sclera meets the cornea
tapetum
on the underside of the pinna.
All the light that enters the eye ente…
cornea
An animal has an area of inflammation…
left side of the left eyeball where the sclera meets the cornea
91 terms
sense organs
types of stimuli
visceral sensations
touch and pressure
tactile sense
mechanical- touch, hearing, balance... thermal- hot and cold... ele…
*vague and poorly lacalized... *hunger and thirst... includes viser…
tactile sense... pressure
sensation of something being in contract with surface of body
types of stimuli
mechanical- touch, hearing, balance... thermal- hot and cold... ele…
visceral sensations
*vague and poorly lacalized... *hunger and thirst... includes viser…
54 terms
The Senses and Sense Organs
sensory receptors
somatic senses
special senses
sense organs
living sensors that obtains and relays information to the spi…
all the senses of your skin
sight, hearing, smell, taste, and balance
A specialized organ or structure, such as the eye, ear, tongu…
sensory receptors
living sensors that obtains and relays information to the spi…
somatic senses
all the senses of your skin
35 terms
the sense organs
vestibule
semicircular ducts
static equilibrium
ampullae
part of the inner ear... has two chambers that are responsible f…
three rings that are responsible for dynamic equilibrium
stationary
the fluid filled "bubbles" at the base of the semicircular du…
vestibule
part of the inner ear... has two chambers that are responsible f…
semicircular ducts
three rings that are responsible for dynamic equilibrium
17 terms
Sense Organs: Sense Receptors
What are sensory receptors?
Name the 5 types of sensory receptors.
What are mechanoreceptors?
What are thermoreceptors?
Sensory receptors are specialized cells that monitor specific…
Mechanoreceptors, Thermoreceptors, Pain Receptors, Chemorecep…
pressure receptors, stretch receptors, and specialized mechan…
Thermoreceptors respond to both external and internal tempera…
What are sensory receptors?
Sensory receptors are specialized cells that monitor specific…
Name the 5 types of sensory receptors.
Mechanoreceptors, Thermoreceptors, Pain Receptors, Chemorecep…
9 terms
Sense Organs
Smell
Taste
Five Basic Tastes
Nerve for anterior 2/3 of tongue?
-olfaction... -detected by chemoreceptors called olfactory cells…
-gustation... -detected by taste buds (chemoreceptors) can divide!
sweet -> carbohydrates... salty -> salts... sour -> acidic molecule…
facial nerve (CN VII)
Smell
-olfaction... -detected by chemoreceptors called olfactory cells…
Taste
-gustation... -detected by taste buds (chemoreceptors) can divide!
70 terms
The Sense Organs
Sense Organ Function?
Exteroceptors
Proprioceptors
Enteroceptor
receives signals and reports it to the CNS
location on or near surface of the organism
located near tendons of muscles
Located in internal organs
Sense Organ Function?
receives signals and reports it to the CNS
Exteroceptors
location on or near surface of the organism
22 terms
sense organs
chemoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
nociceptors
photoreceptors
respond to various chemicals
respond to touch, pressure, vibration
respond to pain
respond to light
chemoreceptors
respond to various chemicals
mechanoreceptors
respond to touch, pressure, vibration
6 terms
Organs of senses
sense
skin
tongue
nose
мэдрэхүй
арьс
хэл
хамар
sense
мэдрэхүй
skin
арьс
43 terms
Chapter 11 Sense organs
Adaptation
Analgesic
Aqueous humor
Bony labyrinth
The diminishing of a sensation that occurs after continuous e…
drug used to relieve plan
clear, watery fluid that fills the anterior cavity of the eye
complicated system of passageways within the temporal bone th…
Adaptation
The diminishing of a sensation that occurs after continuous e…
Analgesic
drug used to relieve plan
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