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Study sets matching "sexual reproduction mitosis meiosis"

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Study sets matching "sexual reproduction mitosis meiosis"

91 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis/ Sexual Reproduction
Anaphase
Binary Fission
Budding
bulb
chromosomes pull away to opposite sides of the cell
asexual reproduction in which there is an EQUAL distribution…
asexual reproduction in which there is not an equal distribut…
short underground stem containing stored food
Anaphase
chromosomes pull away to opposite sides of the cell
Binary Fission
asexual reproduction in which there is an EQUAL distribution…
130 terms
Reproduction (meiosis, mitosis, asexual, sexual)
dna provides information about an orga…
occurs after mitosis cell membrane pin…
Mitosis is a series of changes in the…
not part of mitosis single stranded ch…
cell cycle
Cytokinesis (cytoplasmic division)
Mitosis (nuclear division)
Interphase
dna provides information about an orga…
cell cycle
occurs after mitosis cell membrane pin…
Cytokinesis (cytoplasmic division)
54 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction
body cells
mitosis
chromosomes
Mitosis
Cells formed through mitosis
cell division for making cells
constricts during cell division
cell replication/division
body cells
Cells formed through mitosis
mitosis
cell division for making cells
54 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction
body cells
mitosis
chromosomes
Mitosis
Cells formed through mitosis
cell division for making cells
constricts during cell division
cell replication/division
body cells
Cells formed through mitosis
mitosis
cell division for making cells
32 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction
How many chromosomes in the nucleus
What are gametes?
What is a zygote?
What is mitosis?
46 chromosomes, 23 from mom and 23 from dad. Each pair is hom…
Egg (23 unpaired chromosomes) is a gamete. Sperm (23 unpaired…
a fertilized egg with DNA from mom and dad. Has 46 chromosome…
When zygote or genetic material (2N) splits to form copies of…
How many chromosomes in the nucleus
46 chromosomes, 23 from mom and 23 from dad. Each pair is hom…
What are gametes?
Egg (23 unpaired chromosomes) is a gamete. Sperm (23 unpaired…
6 terms
Meiosis, Mitosis, Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis
Mitosis
Budding
interphase,prophase,metaphase,ana phas…
Making of sperm or eggs (occurs only in sex cells)
Body cells duplicate (or make another copy of) their chromoso…
A new organism grows off off the parent organism
The 5 stage of mitosis are
Meiosis
Making of sperm or eggs (occurs only in sex cells)
Mitosis
Body cells duplicate (or make another copy of) their chromoso…
31 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
Mitosis
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Chromosomes become visible, nuclear membrane dissolves, spind…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Mitosis
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
prophase
Chromosomes become visible, nuclear membrane dissolves, spind…
12 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, Sexual & Asexual Reproduction
Chromosomes
DNA
Meiosis
Mitosis
Structure made up of DNA and protein (Humans have 23 pairs)
Contains the genetic traits that a living thing inherits and…
Process of cell division that creates sex cells
Process of cell division that creates two identical daughter…
Chromosomes
Structure made up of DNA and protein (Humans have 23 pairs)
DNA
Contains the genetic traits that a living thing inherits and…
16 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis / sexual and asexual reproduction
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase is the stage that cells are in for most of their l…
Prophase is the first stage of mitosis where the chromosomes…
Metaphase is the second stage of mitosis. The club is always…
Anaphase is the third stage of mitosis. The chromosomes are s…
Interphase
Interphase is the stage that cells are in for most of their l…
Prophase
Prophase is the first stage of mitosis where the chromosomes…
10 terms
Mitosis&Meiosis/Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis has how many nuclear divisions?
Meiosis produces how many cells?
The number of chromosomes in new cells…
Meiosis produces what kind of cells?
2
4
haploid
sex cells
Meiosis has how many nuclear divisions?
2
Meiosis produces how many cells?
4
30 terms
Reproduction - mitosis and meiosis (asexual - sexual)
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
4 types of asexual reproduction
binary fission
requires only one parent, no gametes involved.
requires a male and a female gamete to fuse together
budding, fragmentation, parthenogenesis, and binary fission.
many protista like amoeba and paramecium divide this way. One…
asexual reproduction
requires only one parent, no gametes involved.
sexual reproduction
requires a male and a female gamete to fuse together
43 terms
Sexual reproduction in plants and mitosis & meiosis
What is a flower
The male structures in a flower are ca…
The female structures in a plant are c…
What part of the stamen produces pollen
The reproductive organ in a flowering plant
Stamen
Pistil
Anther
What is a flower
The reproductive organ in a flowering plant
The male structures in a flower are ca…
Stamen
10 terms
Mitosis&Meiosis/Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis has how many nuclear divisions?
Meiosis produces how many cells?
The number of chromosomes in new cells…
Meiosis produces what kind of cells?
2
4
haploid
sex cells
Meiosis has how many nuclear divisions?
2
Meiosis produces how many cells?
4
90 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction in Plants
Mitosis
Interphase
Chromatid
Prophase
Process in which an exact duplication of all chromosomes in t…
interval stage; each chromosome is replicated; called replica…
replicated chromosome; they are connected by centromeres
first stage of mitosis; nuclear membrane disappears; spindles…
Mitosis
Process in which an exact duplication of all chromosomes in t…
Interphase
interval stage; each chromosome is replicated; called replica…
45 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, & Sexual Reproduction Review
somatic cells
alleles
diploid
haploid
sexually reproducing cells; contain pairs of HC
different variations of traits... ex: hair color- brown, black,…
-having chromosomes in pairs... -somatic cells are these... -23 pai…
-having 1/2 the amount of DNA... -chromosomes are singular... -23 c…
somatic cells
sexually reproducing cells; contain pairs of HC
alleles
different variations of traits... ex: hair color- brown, black,…
13 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis & Asexual/ Sexual Reproduction
Mitosis
Chromosomes
Purpose of mitosis in multi-cellular o…
Interphase
Creating two identical cells with nuclei that contain a compl…
Structures made up of DNA coiled around proteins
1) In order for the organisms to grow... 2) To enable the organi…
DNA replication (90% of cells spend their life in this time)…
Mitosis
Creating two identical cells with nuclei that contain a compl…
Chromosomes
Structures made up of DNA coiled around proteins
29 terms
Lecture 6: Mitosis, Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
cell division, cell enlargement, cell…
cell division
cell enlargement
cell differentiation
three aspects of cell growth
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
cells increase in size.
cell specialization in structure and function.
cell division, cell enlargement, cell…
three aspects of cell growth
cell division
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
83 terms
Bio - mitosis, meiosis, sexual reproduction
: Interphase -
Mitosis -
Cytokinesis -
Interphase -
the phase of the cell cycle that the cell spends the most tim…
the process in the cell cycle when the cell duplicates into i…
the process in which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cel…
the preparation for mitosis
: Interphase -
the phase of the cell cycle that the cell spends the most tim…
Mitosis -
the process in the cell cycle when the cell duplicates into i…
32 terms
Meiosis, mitosis, asexual and sexual reproduction
Gamete
Zygote
Diploid
Haploid
A reproductive cell produced by each parent
A combination of genetic material from both parents
A cell that has two sets of chromosomes
A cell with one set of chromosomes
Gamete
A reproductive cell produced by each parent
Zygote
A combination of genetic material from both parents
10 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis & Asexual/Sexual Reproduction
What is the goal of mitosis?
What does Meiosis do?
What is an example of asexual reproduc…
What is a disadvantage of asexual repr…
Create two identical cells with nuclei that contain a complet…
It creates unique sex cells
Budding, binary fission, spores, and vegetative reproduction
It is harder to survive in an environment compared to sexual…
What is the goal of mitosis?
Create two identical cells with nuclei that contain a complet…
What does Meiosis do?
It creates unique sex cells
84 terms
Asexual and Sexual Reproduction/ Mitosis and Meiosis
Asexual
Sexual
Asexual
Hydra
1 parent involved; reproduction by a single parent that passe…
2 parents involved. Fusion of 2 sex cells
Occurs by mitosis; offspring have the same genetic informatio…
Ex of a multi celled organism
Asexual
1 parent involved; reproduction by a single parent that passe…
Sexual
2 parents involved. Fusion of 2 sex cells
Meiosis, mitosis, asexual and sexual reproduction
Gamete
Zygote
Diploid
Haploid
A reproductive cell produced by each parent
A combination of genetic material from both parents
A cell that has two sets of chromosomes
A cell with one set of chromosomes
Gamete
A reproductive cell produced by each parent
Zygote
A combination of genetic material from both parents
24 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, Asexual, and Sexual Reproduction
What is a chromosome made of and where…
Why do cells in our bodies do mitosis?
How does mitosis in plant cells and an…
What is cancer?
Chromosomes are made up of DNA and located in the nucleus.
For reproduction, growth, and repair.
Plant cells have a cell plate for cytokinesis and the centrio…
Uncontrolled cell division/cell growth. Some leads to cancer…
What is a chromosome made of and where…
Chromosomes are made up of DNA and located in the nucleus.
Why do cells in our bodies do mitosis?
For reproduction, growth, and repair.
Asexual reproduction/Mitosis & Meiosis/Sexual reproduction
Why do unicellular organisms divide?
Why do multi-cellular organisms divide?
budding
examples of budding
To reproduce
For growth, development, repair, and replacement
offspring grows out of the body of the parent
hydra, yeast
Why do unicellular organisms divide?
To reproduce
Why do multi-cellular organisms divide?
For growth, development, repair, and replacement
59 terms
Mitosis,asexual reproduction, meiosis and sexual reproduction
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
-chromosomes are duplicated... -chromatins become sister chromat…
-mitosis begins... -centrioles begin to move to opposite ends of…
-Sister chromatids attach to spindle fibers
Chromatids separate and move to opposite ends of the cell
Interphase
-chromosomes are duplicated... -chromatins become sister chromat…
Prophase
-mitosis begins... -centrioles begin to move to opposite ends of…
26 terms
Asexual / Sexual Reproduction--cell cycle, mitosis, and meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
4 types of asexual reproduction
binary fission
requires only one parent, no gametes involved.
requires a male and a female gamete to fuse together
budding, fragmentation, parthenogenesis, and binary fission.
many protista like amoeba and paramecium divide this way. One…
asexual reproduction
requires only one parent, no gametes involved.
sexual reproduction
requires a male and a female gamete to fuse together
10 terms
UNIT 5: Meiosis/Mitosis and Sexual Reproduction
Gamete
Meiosis
Dipliod
Hapliod
Sex cell
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Two complete sets of inherited chromosomes and two complete s…
-a cell that contains one of each kind of chromosome.
Gamete
Sex cell
Meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
27 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, Sexual Reproduction, Asexual Reproduction Quiz
What is produced in mitosis?
How many cells are there at the end of…
What is the genetic makeup of the resu…
What is produced in meiosis?
Two identical cells are produced
Two cells are produced at the end of mitosis
46 total chromosomes, identical to parent cells
Gametes are produced for sexual reproduction
What is produced in mitosis?
Two identical cells are produced
How many cells are there at the end of…
Two cells are produced at the end of mitosis
32 terms
Mitosis/meiosis/Asexual Reproduction/ Sexual Reproduction and Development
Sexual vs. Asexual Reproduction
Two general functions of mitosis
Chromatin
Chromatids
Sexual: 2 parent cells, can be completely different... Asexual:…
1. Growth and repair... 2. Asexual reproduction
Genetic material in non dividing cells
Genetic material in diving cells
Sexual vs. Asexual Reproduction
Sexual: 2 parent cells, can be completely different... Asexual:…
Two general functions of mitosis
1. Growth and repair... 2. Asexual reproduction
27 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, Sexual Reproduction, Asexual Reproduction Quiz
What is produced in mitosis?
How many cells are there at the end of…
What is the genetic makeup of the resu…
What is produced in meiosis?
Two identical cells are produced
Two cells are produced at the end of mitosis
46 total chromosomes, identical to parent cells
Gametes are produced for sexual reproduction
What is produced in mitosis?
Two identical cells are produced
How many cells are there at the end of…
Two cells are produced at the end of mitosis
Mitosis and asexual reproduction and meiosis and sexual reproduction
Interphrase
External fertilization
Spindle fibres
What does Miles is do?
Interphrase is the first and longest stage of the cell cycle…
Fertilization where the sperm cell and the egg cell unite out…
Tiny tubelike structures made out of protein chromosomes atta…
Creates different offspring
Interphrase
Interphrase is the first and longest stage of the cell cycle…
External fertilization
Fertilization where the sperm cell and the egg cell unite out…
31 terms
BMS Test 2 Mitosis, Meiosis & Sexual reproduction
Haploid
Diploid
Meiotic
Mitotic
HALF the number of chromosomes; sex cells (gametes) contain 2…
FULL number of chromosomes; somatic cells contain 46 chromoso…
...
...
Haploid
HALF the number of chromosomes; sex cells (gametes) contain 2…
Diploid
FULL number of chromosomes; somatic cells contain 46 chromoso…
20 terms
GS5: Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction
How many chromosomes in the nucleus
What are gametes?
What is a zygote?
What is mitosis?
46 chromosomes, 23 from mom and 23 from dad. Each pair is hom…
Egg (23 unpaired chromosomes) is a gamete. Sperm (23 unpaired…
a fertilized egg with DNA from mom and dad. Has 46 chromosome…
When zygote or genetic material (2N) splits to form copies of…
How many chromosomes in the nucleus
46 chromosomes, 23 from mom and 23 from dad. Each pair is hom…
What are gametes?
Egg (23 unpaired chromosomes) is a gamete. Sperm (23 unpaired…
11 terms
Types of Reproduction (Mitosis, Meiosis, Asexual, & Sexual Repro.)
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Offspring of Asexual Reproduction
Offspring of Sexual Reproduction
reproduction with only 1 parent
reproduction with 2 parents
are identical to the parent so all genes get passed on
are a combination of their parents' genetic information (1/2…
Asexual Reproduction
reproduction with only 1 parent
Sexual Reproduction
reproduction with 2 parents
9 terms
Science Sexual and Asexual Reproduction and Meiosis and Mitosis
Meiosis and its purpose
Mitosis
PMAT
Sexual Reproduction
- Cell Division... - Sexually reproducing organisms... Its purpose:…
- Process where a cell reproduces itself... - Nucleus divides in…
Prophase - Preview... Metaphase - Meet in the middle... Anaphase -…
Process by which cells from two different parents unite to pr…
Meiosis and its purpose
- Cell Division... - Sexually reproducing organisms... Its purpose:…
Mitosis
- Process where a cell reproduces itself... - Nucleus divides in…
24 terms
Unit 5: Meiosis/Mitosis and Sexual Reproduction
Gamete
Somatic
Meiosis
Diploid
A cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in o…
The cells of the body in contrast to the germ line cells whic…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
(of the cell or nucleus) containing two complete sets of chro…
Gamete
A cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in o…
Somatic
The cells of the body in contrast to the germ line cells whic…
65 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis, (a)Sexual Reproduction- Honors Biology
Maintain population
Population
Mutations
Genetic Recombination
Why does reproduction happen?
Number of specific species in a specefic area
Variation in Asexual Reproductiob
Variation in Sexual Reproduction
Maintain population
Why does reproduction happen?
Population
Number of specific species in a specefic area
Science 10th - Asexual & Sexual Reproduction-Mitosis/Meiosis
What are the 2 main stages of cell div…
When chromosomes become visible at the…
Each pair of chromatids is attached at…
The period of growth in between cell d…
mitosis & cytokinesis
2 identical 'sister' chromosomes
centromere
interphase
What are the 2 main stages of cell div…
mitosis & cytokinesis
When chromosomes become visible at the…
2 identical 'sister' chromosomes
12 terms
Mitosis, meiosis, sexual and asexual reproduction study guide
In what kind of human cells would you…
Where in the human body would meiosis…
If the body cells of a cow contain 20…
If a cell with a diploid number of 24…
Skin cells, stomach cells, bone cells, muscle cells
Testes and ovaries
10 chromosomes
12 chromosomes
In what kind of human cells would you…
Skin cells, stomach cells, bone cells, muscle cells
Where in the human body would meiosis…
Testes and ovaries
42 terms
Plant Bio- Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction
3 aspects of cell growth
plant meristems
cell division
two parts of cell division
cell division, cell enlargement, cell differentiation
site of cell growth in plants where cell division, cell enlar…
process by which one cell divides into two
mitosis and cytokinesis
3 aspects of cell growth
cell division, cell enlargement, cell differentiation
plant meristems
site of cell growth in plants where cell division, cell enlar…
46 terms
Exam 3: Mitosis, Meiosis, Sexual and Asexual Reproduction
Mitosis
Prophase (Mitosis)
Pro-Metaphase (Mitosis)
Metaphase (Mitosis)
~Generates 2 daughter cells identical to each other and the p…
~Chromosomes condense and mitotic spindle forms ... ~Centrioles…
~Nuclear envelope disintegrates... ~Spindle microtubules anchor…
~Chromosomes align on the metaphase plate ... ~Longest phase... ~Ka…
Mitosis
~Generates 2 daughter cells identical to each other and the p…
Prophase (Mitosis)
~Chromosomes condense and mitotic spindle forms ... ~Centrioles…
25 terms
Bio Test (Mitosis,Meiosis,DNA,sexual reproduction)
DNA
DNA composition
DNA replication
DNA
Double helix-complementary strands
nucleotide= 5- carbon sugar-phosphate group nitrogenous
semi-conservative
contains all the information about what the cell is made up o…
DNA
Double helix-complementary strands
DNA composition
nucleotide= 5- carbon sugar-phosphate group nitrogenous
45 terms
Biology Test (mitosis, meiosis, asexual and sexual reproduction)
G1
S
G2
Mitosis
cells grow, carry out normal functions, and replicate their o…
DNA synthesis: cell replication of chromosomes.
Additional growth, organizes structures needed in division.
cell division.
G1
cells grow, carry out normal functions, and replicate their o…
S
DNA synthesis: cell replication of chromosomes.
18 terms
Science: Mitosis and Meiosis/Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
Reproduction
Offspring
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
process by which living things produce new organisms like the…
new organism produced by a living thing.
reproduction needing only one parent.
reproduction needing two parents.
Reproduction
process by which living things produce new organisms like the…
Offspring
new organism produced by a living thing.
40 terms
Dr. A Kingdoms, Mitosis, Meiosis, Asexual Vs Sexual reproduction, Domains
Protista
Animal
Fungi
Plant
Eukaryote, uni/multicellular
Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophic, no cell wall
Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophic, has cell wall
Eukaryote, multicellular, autotrophic, cell wall
Protista
Eukaryote, uni/multicellular
Animal
Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophic, no cell wall
170 terms
Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction/Mitosis/Asexual Reproduction/Meiosis/Sexual Reproduction
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Examples of prokaryotes
Examples of eukaryotes
Lack a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, single loop of…
Have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, linear DNA
Bacteria and archea
All plant cells, all animal cells, all fungi, all protists
Prokaryote
Lack a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, single loop of…
Eukaryote
Have a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, linear DNA
35 terms
Meiosis/Sexual Reproduction
haploid cells
one process after fertilization
anaphase 1
mitosis
sex cells
mitosis
pairs of chromosome separate
produce same genetic information in cells, one division of nu…
haploid cells
sex cells
one process after fertilization
mitosis
10 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
Sexual Reproduction
Egg
Sperm
Fertilization
is the type of reproduction in which the genetic materials fr…
The female sex cell, form in an ovary
The males sex cell, forms in a testis
An egg cell and sperm cell join together
Sexual Reproduction
is the type of reproduction in which the genetic materials fr…
Egg
The female sex cell, form in an ovary
17 terms
Reproduction (Mitosis and Meiosis) Vocabulary
Somatic Cells
Gametes
Parent Cell
Daughter Cell
Body Cells
Sex Cells
Original Cell
New Cells
Somatic Cells
Body Cells
Gametes
Sex Cells
34 terms
Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis
Sexual reproduction
Sperm
Egg
23 chromosomes
A new organism is produced when sex cells from two parents co…
The sex cell from the male parent.
The sex cell from the female parent
The number of chromosomes in the human sex cell have only 23…
Sexual reproduction
A new organism is produced when sex cells from two parents co…
Sperm
The sex cell from the male parent.
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