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Study sets matching "simple machines chapter 10"

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Study sets matching "simple machines chapter 10"

77 terms
Physics Chapter 10: Simple Machines
machine
simple or complex
ideal mechanical advantage
ideal mechanical advantage
a device that changes the magnitude or direction (or both) of…
what can a machine be?
compares force in and out in the absence of friction in an "i…
what does IMA stand for?
machine
a device that changes the magnitude or direction (or both) of…
simple or complex
what can a machine be?
14 terms
Vocabulary, Chapter 10, Work, Energy, & Simple Machines
compound machine
efficiency
effort force
energy
a machine consisting of two or more simple machines that are…
the ratio of output work to input work
the force a person exerts on a machine
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or in…
compound machine
a machine consisting of two or more simple machines that are…
efficiency
the ratio of output work to input work
Chapter 10 Energy, Work, & Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic energy
Work-energy theorem
W=Fd Equal to the constant force exerted on an object in the…
the ability to do work or cause change
KE=1/2mv^2 energy that an object has due to its motion
W=(delta)KE The work done on an object equals the change in k…
Work
W=Fd Equal to the constant force exerted on an object in the…
Energy
the ability to do work or cause change
22 terms
PHY 1020 Chapter 10 Terms Simple Machines
Actual Mechanical Advantage
Compound Machine
Efficiency
Effort
The ratio of the resistance force to the actual effort force.
A combination of simple machines. Its total mechanical advant…
The ratio of the work output to the work input of a machine.
The force applied to a machine.
Actual Mechanical Advantage
The ratio of the resistance force to the actual effort force.
Compound Machine
A combination of simple machines. Its total mechanical advant…
Chapter 10 Energy, Work, & Simple Machines
Efficiency
Machine
Compound Machine
Resistance Force
E=MA/IMA • 100 ..... E=Wo/Wi • 100... Measured in % ratio multip…
Eases the load by changing either magnitude or direction of a…
a device that combines two or more simple machines that the r…
the force exerted by a machine
Efficiency
E=MA/IMA • 100 ..... E=Wo/Wi • 100... Measured in % ratio multip…
Machine
Eases the load by changing either magnitude or direction of a…
Chapter 10 Energy, Work, & Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic energy
Work-energy theorem
W=Fd Equal to the constant force exerted on an object in the…
the ability to do work or cause change
KE=1/2mv^2 energy that an object has due to its motion
W=(delta)KE The work done on an object equals the change in k…
Work
W=Fd Equal to the constant force exerted on an object in the…
Energy
the ability to do work or cause change
15 terms
Chapter 10 work,energy, and simple machines
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work
Net force-Net work
The ability of an object to produce a change in itself or it'…
The energy that results from the motion of an object
When an applied force is multiplied by the distance through w…
Vector sum of all forces on an object
Energy
The ability of an object to produce a change in itself or it'…
Kinetic Energy
The energy that results from the motion of an object
12 terms
Chapter 10: Work, Energy, and Simple Machines
Work
Joule
Energy
Power
The product of the force exerted on an object and the distanc…
SI unit of energy (or work or heat) equal to one newton-meter.
Non-material property capable of causing changes in matter.
Rate of doing work; rate of energy conversion.
Work
The product of the force exerted on an object and the distanc…
Joule
SI unit of energy (or work or heat) equal to one newton-meter.
14 terms
Chapter 10 Energy, Work, and Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work-Theory Theorem
...
...
...
...
Work
...
Energy
...
14 terms
Chapter 10 - Energy, Work, and Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work-Energy Theorem
Equal to a constant force exerted on an object in the directi…
The ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
Energy resulting from motion; equal to 1/2 times the mass of…
When work is done on an object, the result is a change in kin…
Work
Equal to a constant force exerted on an object in the directi…
Energy
The ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
14 terms
Chapter 10 Energy, Work, & Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic energy
Work-energy theorem
W=Fd Equal to the constant force exerted on an object in the…
the ability to do work or cause change
KE=1/2mv^2 energy that an object has due to its motion
W=(delta)KE The work done on an object equals the change in k…
Work
W=Fd Equal to the constant force exerted on an object in the…
Energy
the ability to do work or cause change
14 terms
Chapter 15 - Simple Machines
Machines
Effort force
Resistance Force
Mechanical advantage (IMA)
Make work easier by changing the size, direction, or speed of…
The force you apply to a machine. Think - where your hands ar…
The force that opposes the effort force - what you have to ov…
The number of times a machine multiplies the effort force. Ho…
Machines
Make work easier by changing the size, direction, or speed of…
Effort force
The force you apply to a machine. Think - where your hands ar…
Physics Chapter 10 Work, Energy, and Simple Machines
The unit for power
Units for work
Unit for MA and IMA
Units for force
Watts (w)
Joules (J)
No units for MA or MIA
Newtons (N)
The unit for power
Watts (w)
Units for work
Joules (J)
14 terms
Honors Physics: Chapter 10 Energy, Work and Simple Machines
work
energy
kinetic energy
work-energy theorem
the transfer of energy by mechanical means; is done when a co…
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or in…
the energy of an object, resulting from its motion
states that when work is done on an object, a change in kinet…
work
the transfer of energy by mechanical means; is done when a co…
energy
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or in…
12 terms
Chapter 10: Work, Energy, and Simple Machines
compound Machine
efficiency
effort Force
energy
(207): Machine consisting of two or more simple machines.
(206): Ratio of output work (or energy) to input work (or ene…
(205): Force exerted on a machine.
(201): Non-material property capable of causing changes in ma…
compound Machine
(207): Machine consisting of two or more simple machines.
efficiency
(206): Ratio of output work (or energy) to input work (or ene…
14 terms
Chapter 10 - Energy, Work, and Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work-Energy Theorem
Equal to a constant force exerted on an object in the directi…
The ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
Energy resulting from motion; equal to 1/2 times the mass of…
When work is done on an object, the result is a change in kin…
Work
Equal to a constant force exerted on an object in the directi…
Energy
The ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
31 terms
Physics: Chapter 10: Energy, Work, and Simple Machines
Any object that has energy has the abi…
If the external world does work on a s…
Work is done on an object when a const…
In which of the following situations i…
both itself and the world around it
energy of the system increases.
in the direction of the force.
carrying the book down the hall
Any object that has energy has the abi…
both itself and the world around it
If the external world does work on a s…
energy of the system increases.
23 terms
Ch 10 Energy, Work and Simple Machines
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work
Work-Energy Theorem
Ability to produce change in itself or the environment.
The energy of an object resulting from motion.
The process of changing energy of a system.
Relationship between doing work and a resulting change in ene…
Energy
Ability to produce change in itself or the environment.
Kinetic Energy
The energy of an object resulting from motion.
29 terms
Chapter 8: Simple Machines
Simple Machines
Screw
Axle
Wheels as force multipliers
Basic devices that can change the amount or the direction of…
A spiral inclined plane. A simple machine designed to cut thr…
The centre of a wheel.
Where force applied to the rim of the wheel turns the axle wi…
Simple Machines
Basic devices that can change the amount or the direction of…
Screw
A spiral inclined plane. A simple machine designed to cut thr…
13 terms
Chapter 17: Simple Machines
work
simple machine
lever
fulcrum
the use of force to move an object over a distance
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply with jus…
a simple machine made of a bar that pivots on a fixed point
the fixed point on a lever
work
the use of force to move an object over a distance
simple machine
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply with jus…
30 terms
Chapter 3 Simple Machines
Simple Machines
6 Simple Machines
friction
force
Tools with few or no moving parts are _______. PG C44... Tools t…
lever, pulley, screw, wheel and axle, inclined plane, wedge
Force created when two objects rub against each other.
A push or pull on an object. PG C46
Simple Machines
Tools with few or no moving parts are _______. PG C44... Tools t…
6 Simple Machines
lever, pulley, screw, wheel and axle, inclined plane, wedge
25 terms
chapter 24a - simple machines
A
A
B
C
A
A
Physical Science Chapter 7 Work and Simple Machines
mechanical work (W)
power (P)
simple machine
mechanical advantage (MA)
the equivalent of the amount of energy transferred to an obje…
the rate of doing work, measured in watts (w)
a basic mechanical device that either reduces effort or incre…
a measure of the reduction in effort to do a certain amount o…
mechanical work (W)
the equivalent of the amount of energy transferred to an obje…
power (P)
the rate of doing work, measured in watts (w)
10 terms
PS.10 Simple Machines
Machine
Mechanical Advantage
Mechanical Efficiency
Lever
device that makes work easier by changing the size or directi…
tells you how many times the machine multiplies force (how mu…
comparison of a machine's work output with the work input
simple machine consisting of a bar that pivots at a fixed poi…
Machine
device that makes work easier by changing the size or directi…
Mechanical Advantage
tells you how many times the machine multiplies force (how mu…
10 terms
PS.10 Simple Machines
mechanical
machine
mechanical efficiency
inclined plane
a number that tells how many times a machine multiplies force
device that makes work easier by changing the size or directi…
a comparison—expressed a percentage—of a machine's work outpu…
a simple machine that is a straight, slanted surface; a ramp
mechanical
a number that tells how many times a machine multiplies force
machine
device that makes work easier by changing the size or directi…
9 terms
Chapter 6: Simple Machines
work
simple machines
lever
fulcrum
the use of force to move an object over a distance.
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
a simple machine made of a bar that pivots on a fixed point.
the fixed point on a lever.
work
the use of force to move an object over a distance.
simple machines
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
18 terms
chapter 11 simple machines
work
joule
power
watt
Force x Distance... Labor
A unit of work equal to one newton-meter
(physics) the rate of doing work
A measure of power equal to one joule of work per second.
work
Force x Distance... Labor
joule
A unit of work equal to one newton-meter
14 terms
Chapter 16 Simple Machines
Work
Machine
Simple machine
Compound machine
Using force- pushing or pulling-in order to move and object t…
Any device that helps do work
A tool made up of one or two parts
Contains one or more simple machines
Work
Using force- pushing or pulling-in order to move and object t…
Machine
Any device that helps do work
17 terms
Physics Chapt 10 - Energy Work Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work-Energy Theorem
How much a force changes the energy of a system. The product…
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
energy resulting from motion. KE= 1/2mv^2
work is equal to the change in kinetic energy of an object wh…
Work
How much a force changes the energy of a system. The product…
Energy
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
14 terms
PHY Ch 10: Energy, Work, & Simple Machines
work
energy
kinetic energy
work-energy theorem
the transfer of energy by mechanical means; is done when a co…
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or in…
the energy of an object, resulting from its motion
states that when work is done on an object, a change in kinet…
work
the transfer of energy by mechanical means; is done when a co…
energy
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or in…
17 terms
Physics Chapt 10 - Energy Work Simple Machines
Work
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Work-Energy Theorem
How much a force changes the energy of a system. The product…
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
energy resulting from motion. KE= 1/2mv^2
work is equal to the change in kinetic energy of an object wh…
Work
How much a force changes the energy of a system. The product…
Energy
the ability of an object to produce a change in itself or the…
9 terms
Chapter 16: Simple Machines Vocab
lever
fulcrum
load
effort
a simple machine that consists of a bar that pivots at a fixe…
The fixed point around which a lever pivots
object being lifted or moved
exertion
lever
a simple machine that consists of a bar that pivots at a fixe…
fulcrum
The fixed point around which a lever pivots
9 terms
Chapter 16- Simple Machines
Lever
Fulcrum
Load
Effort
A simple machine made of a bar resting on a fulcrum
The support on which a lever plus its load rests
The weight that is to be lifted or moved
The force used on a simple machine
Lever
A simple machine made of a bar resting on a fulcrum
Fulcrum
The support on which a lever plus its load rests
15 terms
Chapter 8 - Simple Machines
work
machine
work input
work output
done when a force is applied through a distance
a device that makes work easier by changing size or direction…
the work that you do on a machine
the work done by the machine on an object
work
done when a force is applied through a distance
machine
a device that makes work easier by changing size or direction…
40 terms
Chapter 8 Work, Power, Simple Machines
Work
When is work done?
Calculating Work
Joule
when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the…
work is only done if an object moves in the same direction as…
W = F x d or W = N x m = J
a unit used to measure work in terms of newtons x meters = a…
Work
when a force causes an object to move in the direction of the…
When is work done?
work is only done if an object moves in the same direction as…
12 terms
Chapter 4 simple machines
Can opener
Wheelbarrow
Crowbar
Submarine
Compound machine that is comprised of a wheel and axle and a…
A second class lever used to move heavy loads without carryin…
First class lever used for prying open boxes
Compound machine that uses ballast tanks to rise and sink
Can opener
Compound machine that is comprised of a wheel and axle and a…
Wheelbarrow
A second class lever used to move heavy loads without carryin…
15 terms
Simple Machines Chapter 16
machine
lever
fulcrum
load
one thing or combination of things that help do work
A long bar with a support . The weight of the bar and what it…
the support that carries the weight of the lever and the load
a weight to be lifted or moved
machine
one thing or combination of things that help do work
lever
A long bar with a support . The weight of the bar and what it…
15 terms
Chapter 16: Simple Machines
Work
Machine
Simple Machine
Compound Machine
Using force,pushing or pulling
Any device that helps people do work
Tool made up of one or two parts
Contains one or more simple machines among its parts
Work
Using force,pushing or pulling
Machine
Any device that helps people do work
19 terms
Chapter 7: Simple Machines
Machine
Simple Machine
Efficiency
Compound Machine
Any device that makes doing work easier
One of the basic machines on which all other mechanical machi…
The percentage of the input work done on a machine that the m…
A machine that is made up of two or more simple machines
Machine
Any device that makes doing work easier
Simple Machine
One of the basic machines on which all other mechanical machi…
9 terms
Simple Machines - Chapter 17
work
simple machines
lever
fulcrum
the use of force to move an object over a distance
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
a simple machine made of a bar that pivots on a fixed point
the fixed point on a lever
work
the use of force to move an object over a distance
simple machines
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
17 terms
Ps.10 Newton's Laws and Simple Machines
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
Motion can be defined as a continuous change in the position…
Distance travelled per unit time
Speed in a given direction
Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
Motion
Motion can be defined as a continuous change in the position…
Speed
Distance travelled per unit time
9 terms
Simple Machines - Chapter 17
work
simple machines
lever
fulcrum
the use of force to move an object over a distance
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
a simple machine made of a bar that pivots on a fixed point
the fixed point on a lever
work
the use of force to move an object over a distance
simple machines
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
9 terms
Simple Machines - Chapter 17
work
simple machines
lever
fulcrum
the use of force to move an object over a distance
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
a simple machine made of a bar that pivots on a fixed point
the fixed point on a lever
work
the use of force to move an object over a distance
simple machines
a machine with few or no moving parts that you apply just one…
12 terms
Simple Machines (Chapter 16)
Pulley
Wheel-and-Axle
Fulcrum
Screw
A simple machine made of a wheel with a line around it
A simple machine made of a wheel and an axle that turn together
The fixed point on a lever
A simple machine made of a post with an inclined plane wrappe…
Pulley
A simple machine made of a wheel with a line around it
Wheel-and-Axle
A simple machine made of a wheel and an axle that turn together
40 terms
Chapter 16-Simple Machines
What is a long bar resting on a support?
What is the support on which a lever a…
What is the weight that is lifted or m…
What happens when the fulcrum is moved…
Lever
Fulcrum
Load
The effort need is less than the load
What is a long bar resting on a support?
Lever
What is the support on which a lever a…
Fulcrum
17 terms
Chapter 3 Work and Simple Machines
Work
Calculating Work
Power
Calculating Power
the transfer of energy to an object by a force that makes an…
Work = Force(in newtons) x Distance (in meters)... W = FxD
the rate at which work is done
Power (in watts) = work (in joules)/time (in seconds)... P = W/T
Work
the transfer of energy to an object by a force that makes an…
Calculating Work
Work = Force(in newtons) x Distance (in meters)... W = FxD
27 terms
PS 10 Work, Power and Simple Machines
What energy is used to do
Force applied through a distance
2 requirements for work to exist:
How fast work is done
Work
Work
1. There must be movement. Distance cannot equal ZERO.... 2. The…
Power
What energy is used to do
Work
Force applied through a distance
Work
6 terms
Science Chapter 11-Simple Machines
lever
pulley
wheel and axle
inclined plane
a simple machine in which a bar moves around a fixed point or…
a simple machine made of a rope or cable that runs around a g…
a simple machine made up of a circular object attached to a bar
a simple machine made of a flat surface with one end higher t…
lever
a simple machine in which a bar moves around a fixed point or…
pulley
a simple machine made of a rope or cable that runs around a g…
13 terms
Science- Chapter 6 Simple Machines
chemical energy
complex machines
efficiency
compound machine
energy that results from a chemical change
a machine made of many simple and compound machines
the amount of work a machine does compared to the amount of e…
a machine made of two or more simple machine
chemical energy
energy that results from a chemical change
complex machines
a machine made of many simple and compound machines
14 terms
Chapter 20: Work and Simple Machines
work
power
input force
output force
is done when a force makes an object move in the same directi…
how quickly work is done
the force that you apply on a machine
the force that a machine applies
work
is done when a force makes an object move in the same directi…
power
how quickly work is done
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