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255 terms
chapter 5 skeletal
AXIAL SKELETON
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
SKELETAL SYSTEM
FUNCTIONS OF BONES
> bones that forms the longitude axis of the body... > composed…
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
includes joints, cartilage, and ligaments (fibrous cords that…
1. support... 2. protection... 3. movement... 4. storage... 5. blood cell…
AXIAL SKELETON
> bones that forms the longitude axis of the body... > composed…
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
38 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal
insertion
intervertebral discs
inversion
irregular bones
The origin is the fixed attachment, while the insertion moves…
Discs of fibrocartilage between vertebrae.
Tilting of foot towards the body
One of a group of bones having peculiar or complex forms, e.g…
insertion
The origin is the fixed attachment, while the insertion moves…
intervertebral discs
Discs of fibrocartilage between vertebrae.
27 terms
The Skeletal System Chapter 5
Two divisions of the skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Skeletal system
Axial and Appendicular
the bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body
the bones of the limbs and the girdles
consists of bones, ligaments, joints and cartilages
Two divisions of the skeleton
Axial and Appendicular
Axial Skeleton
the bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body
77 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
45 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
75 terms
The Skeletal System-Chapter 5
skull/cranium
scapula
humerus
mandible
bones that protect your brain and eyes
the flat bone in your back connecting your arm to your shoulder
Your upper arm
Your lower jaw
skull/cranium
bones that protect your brain and eyes
scapula
the flat bone in your back connecting your arm to your shoulder
54 terms
Chapter 5 The Skeletal System
There are 15 phalanges in a human hand…
Nearly one fourth of all human bones c…
Babies are born with 300 bones, but by…
The largest bone in the human body is…
False. The human hand has 14 phalanges.
True
True
A. Femur
There are 15 phalanges in a human hand…
False. The human hand has 14 phalanges.
Nearly one fourth of all human bones c…
True
94 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
27 terms
Chapter 5: Skeletal System
articular cartilage
medullary cavity
intramembranous bone
endochondral bone
is the smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones whe…
is the central cavity of bone shafts where red bone marrow an…
-Begins as a sheet of connective tissue called mesenchyme (Bo…
1. Bone collar forms around the diaphysis of the hyaline cart…
articular cartilage
is the smooth, white tissue that covers the ends of bones whe…
medullary cavity
is the central cavity of bone shafts where red bone marrow an…
92 terms
Chapter 5 - Skeletal Vocab
Sphenoid Sinuses
Spinous Processs
Squamous Sutures
Sternal Angle
Each of the paired sphenoidal sinuses (components of the para…
Spinous process is a bony projection off the posterior (back)…
Suture that connects temporal bone with the parietal bone
the synarthrotic joint formed by the articulation of the manu…
Sphenoid Sinuses
Each of the paired sphenoidal sinuses (components of the para…
Spinous Processs
Spinous process is a bony projection off the posterior (back)…
11 terms
chapter 5 skeletal system characteristics of long bone
diaphysis
epiphysis
articular cartilage
periosteum
shaft of bone. (main section)
end part of long bone
ends of long bones , where bones join together. reduces frict…
tough , fibrous membrane that grows around the diaphysis
diaphysis
shaft of bone. (main section)
epiphysis
end part of long bone
289 terms
chapter 5 skeletal
AXIAL SKELETON
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
SKELETAL SYSTEM
FUNCTIONS OF BONES
> bones that forms the longitude axis of the body... > composed…
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
includes joints, cartilage, and ligaments (fibrous cords that…
1. support... 2. protection... 3. movement... 4. storage... 5. blood cell…
AXIAL SKELETON
> bones that forms the longitude axis of the body... > composed…
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
29 terms
skeletal chapter 5
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
joint
ossify
includes bones of skull, chest and spine
includes arms, legs, shoulder and pelvis
places where bones come together
to form bone
axial skeleton
includes bones of skull, chest and spine
appendicular skeleton
includes arms, legs, shoulder and pelvis
255 terms
chapter 5 skeletal
AXIAL SKELETON
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
SKELETAL SYSTEM
FUNCTIONS OF BONES
> bones that forms the longitude axis of the body... > composed…
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
includes joints, cartilage, and ligaments (fibrous cords that…
1. support... 2. protection... 3. movement... 4. storage... 5. blood cell…
AXIAL SKELETON
> bones that forms the longitude axis of the body... > composed…
APPENDICULAR SKELETON
Bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Anatomy Chapter 5-the skeletal system
Closed (simple) fracture
Open (compound) fracture
Comminuted fracture
Compression Fracture
break that does not penetrate the skin
Broken bone penetrates through the skin
Bone break into many fragments
bone is crushed
Closed (simple) fracture
break that does not penetrate the skin
Open (compound) fracture
Broken bone penetrates through the skin
94 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
59 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Anatomy chapter 5-Skeletal system
Parts of the skeletal system?
Two division of Sketleton
the skeleton has 206 bones
The two basic types of bone tissue?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
...
1. Compact bone... -Homogeneous... 2. spongy bone... -small needle li…
Parts of the skeletal system?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Two division of Sketleton
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
46 terms
Chapter 5: Skeletal System
parts of the skeletal system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
functions of bones
bones (skeleton), joints, cartilages, and ligaments
cranium, vertebrates, and ribs
arms and legs
supports the body; protects the soft organs; allow movement d…
parts of the skeletal system
bones (skeleton), joints, cartilages, and ligaments
axial skeleton
cranium, vertebrates, and ribs
8 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal Structure
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular cartilage
Periosteum
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
62 terms
Chapter 5- Skeletal System
Axial
Osseous Tissue
Appendicular
Joints
part of the skeleton that includes the head and main part of…
bone, a connective tissue that forms the bony skeleton
part of the skeleton that includes legs and arms and what con…
place where two bones meet
Axial
part of the skeleton that includes the head and main part of…
Osseous Tissue
bone, a connective tissue that forms the bony skeleton
86 terms
Skeletal System chapter 5
Bones joints cartilages ligaments
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
support, protection, movement, storage…
Parts of the skeletal system
bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body (Skull, rib…
the bones of the limbs and girdle (everything else)
Functions of bones
Bones joints cartilages ligaments
Parts of the skeletal system
Axial skeleton
bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body (Skull, rib…
123 terms
Combo with ""Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System" and 1 other
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Bone Shapes
Diaphysis
or dense bone , is relatively solid. is always located on the…
or cancellous bone , forms an open network of struts and plat…
Long Bones ... ▫Short Bones... ▫Flat Bones... ▫Irregular Bones... ▫Sesamo…
The shaft of the bone which is composed of compact bone.
Compact bone
or dense bone , is relatively solid. is always located on the…
Spongy Bone
or cancellous bone , forms an open network of struts and plat…
24 terms
Skeletal system- Chapter 5
Bones Function
Storage
Movement
The Bones is the Store House for?
Support, Protection and movement
Fat stored in internal cavities
Use bones as levers and attachment sites for muscles
Storage house for minerals, calcium and phosphorus
Bones Function
Support, Protection and movement
Storage
Fat stored in internal cavities
44 terms
Chapter 5: Skeletal System
endoskeleton
bone
cartilage
ligament
an internal skeleton
dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton
connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that pr…
connects bone to bone
endoskeleton
an internal skeleton
bone
dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton
49 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal system
hemapoesis
peristeum
endosteum
osseoprogenitor cells->osteoblast->ost…
Blood cell production aka
the outer lining of the bones
interlining of bones
bone cell cycle/life
hemapoesis
Blood cell production aka
peristeum
the outer lining of the bones
62 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal Tissue
Functions of Bones
Types of Bones
Divisions of the skeleton
Types of bone cells
Support, Protection, Movement, Mineral Homeostasis, Hemopoies…
Long, short, flat, irregular
axial and appendicular
Osteogenetic, osteoblasts, osteocytes, osteoclasts
Functions of Bones
Support, Protection, Movement, Mineral Homeostasis, Hemopoies…
Types of Bones
Long, short, flat, irregular
60 terms
Chapter 5- Skeletal System
How many bones in the human body?
Two divisions of the skeletal system
Two types of bone tissue
Functions of the skeletal system
206
Axial and Appendicular
Compact and spongy
Protection... Support... Movement... Storage (Ca, P, and fat)... Blood Ce…
How many bones in the human body?
206
Two divisions of the skeletal system
Axial and Appendicular
119 terms
CHAPTER 5 skeletal system
proximal epiphysis
diaphysis
distal epiphysis
articular cartilage
proximal epiphysis
diaphysis
130 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal System
Number of Bones in the adult body
classification of bones
parts of the skeletal system
bone divisions
206 bones
long, short, irregular, flat bones
bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments
axial and appendicular skeleton
Number of Bones in the adult body
206 bones
classification of bones
long, short, irregular, flat bones
72 terms
Chapter 5 - Skeletal System
Epiphyses
Diaphysis
Clavicle
Scapula
end of bones (1 & 3)
middle of bones
collar bone
shoulder blade
Epiphyses
end of bones (1 & 3)
Diaphysis
middle of bones
47 terms
CHAPTER 5 - Skeletal System
mandible
maxilla
nasal
zygomatic
Identify bone #7.
Identify bone #5.
Identify bone #6 (the #6 on the right, i.e. the face).
Identify bone #4.
mandible
Identify bone #7.
maxilla
Identify bone #5.
59 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Articulated
Disarticulate
-longitudinal axis middle... -skull,thoracic cage and vertebrae
-sides(upper and low limbs)... -shoulder, hip-->gerdle connect t…
connected correctly
not connected correctly
Axial Skeleton
-longitudinal axis middle... -skull,thoracic cage and vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton
-sides(upper and low limbs)... -shoulder, hip-->gerdle connect t…
84 terms
Chapter 5, Skeletal System
Organs of the Skeletal System
5 Tissues that make up Bones
What are functions of Bones? ... a) Suppo…
Bones are both living and nonliving.... T…
Bones. Chapter 7.1 PP 1
1) Bone Tissue... 2) Cartilage... 3) Dense Connective Tissue... 4) Blo…
e) all of the above.... Chapter 7.1 PP 1
True - includes active, living tissues as well as nonliving m…
Organs of the Skeletal System
Bones. Chapter 7.1 PP 1
5 Tissues that make up Bones
1) Bone Tissue... 2) Cartilage... 3) Dense Connective Tissue... 4) Blo…
94 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
60 terms
Chapter 5- Skeletal System
How many bones in the human body?
Two divisions of the skeletal system
Two types of bone tissue
Functions of the skeletal system
206
Axial and Appendicular
Compact and spongy
Protection... Support... Movement... Storage (Ca, P, and fat)... Blood Ce…
How many bones in the human body?
206
Two divisions of the skeletal system
Axial and Appendicular
88 terms
Chapter 5 - Skeletal System
Bones, ligaments, cartilages, and joints
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Support, protect, movement, store mine…
Parts of the skeletal system
from the longitudinal axis (skull, ribs, vertebra, pelvis)
appendages
functions of bones
Bones, ligaments, cartilages, and joints
Parts of the skeletal system
Axial skeleton
from the longitudinal axis (skull, ribs, vertebra, pelvis)
60 terms
Chapter 5: Skeletal system
skeletal system
function of skeletal system
bone
matrix
includes bones, cartilages, ligaments and connective tissue t…
support, storage of mineral and lipids, production of blood c…
dense connective tissue made up of matrix and cells
1/3 collagen fibers for flexibility and 2/3 calcium phosphate…
skeletal system
includes bones, cartilages, ligaments and connective tissue t…
function of skeletal system
support, storage of mineral and lipids, production of blood c…
130 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal System
Number of Bones in the adult body
classification of bones
parts of the skeletal system
bone divisions
206 bones
long, short, irregular, flat bones
bones, joints, cartilage, ligaments
axial and appendicular skeleton
Number of Bones in the adult body
206 bones
classification of bones
long, short, irregular, flat bones
9 terms
Chapter 5 Skeletal Tissues
osteon
lamella
central canal
cortical bone
functional unit of compact bone
concentric sheets of bone in osteons
the space in the center of the osteon that allows blood flow…
type of bone tissue with few spaces. Harder, denser, and has…
osteon
functional unit of compact bone
lamella
concentric sheets of bone in osteons
156 terms
Chapter 5 skeletal system
treatment and repair
simple fracture
compound fracture
depressed fracture
reduction (cast or open surgery)... repair (6-8 weeks) ... bone cel…
break stays contained in skin
skin broken, worry for infection
(skull) looks like a dent
treatment and repair
reduction (cast or open surgery)... repair (6-8 weeks) ... bone cel…
simple fracture
break stays contained in skin
58 terms
Chapter 5 : Skeletal System
Axial (26 irregular bones)
Appendicular (126 bones)
Long bones
Short bones
Skull ... Vertebrae column including the sacrum and coccyx ... Thor…
Pectoral girdle (shoulder)... Upper and lower limbs ... Pelvis
longer than their width ... ex: femur, metacarpals
small cubed shaped ... ex: wrists, ankles
Axial (26 irregular bones)
Skull ... Vertebrae column including the sacrum and coccyx ... Thor…
Appendicular (126 bones)
Pectoral girdle (shoulder)... Upper and lower limbs ... Pelvis
46 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Bone Shapes
Diaphysis
or dense bone , is relatively solid. is always located on the…
or cancellous bone , forms an open network of struts and plat…
Long Bones ... ▫Short Bones... ▫Flat Bones... ▫Irregular Bones... ▫Sesamo…
The shaft of the bone which is composed of compact bone.
Compact bone
or dense bone , is relatively solid. is always located on the…
Spongy Bone
or cancellous bone , forms an open network of struts and plat…
60 terms
Chapter 5- Skeletal System
How many bones in the human body?
Two divisions of the skeletal system
Two types of bone tissue
Functions of the skeletal system
206
Axial and Appendicular
Compact and spongy
Protection... Support... Movement... Storage (Ca, P, and fat)... Blood Ce…
How many bones in the human body?
206
Two divisions of the skeletal system
Axial and Appendicular
49 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
30 terms
Chapter 5 - The Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Arthritis
Axial Skeleton
Bursitis
Bones of the limbs (arms/legs) and girdles (shoulder/pelvic)
The inflammatory or degenerative disease of the joints: inclu…
Bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body (skull/vert…
The inflammation of the bursa usually caused by a blow or fri…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the limbs (arms/legs) and girdles (shoulder/pelvic)
Arthritis
The inflammatory or degenerative disease of the joints: inclu…
61 terms
Chapter 5: The skeletal system
tuberosity
crest
Tochanter
line
large, rounded projection; may be roughened
narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process
narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
tuberosity
large, rounded projection; may be roughened
crest
narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
33 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
Responsible for supporting the body, protecting soft organs,…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
Responsible for supporting the body, protecting soft organs,…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
113 terms
The Skeletal System Chapter 5
Functions of the skeletal system
classification of bones by shape
Flat bones
Long bones
1. support- structure of body... 2. storage of minerals- calcium…
...
have thin, nearly parallel surfaces. Flat bones from the roof…
are relatively long and slender. ... -humerus... -femur ... -metacarpa…
Functions of the skeletal system
1. support- structure of body... 2. storage of minerals- calcium…
classification of bones by shape
...
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