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Study sets matching "skeletal chapter 6 anatomy physiology system bone"

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Study sets matching "skeletal chapter 6 anatomy physiology system bone"

55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System; Bone Tissue
The Skeletal System
Osteology
Long Bone
Endosteum
- comprised of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons... - each…
the study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
- proximal epiphysis... - metaphysis... - diaphysis... - spongy bone... -…
lining on inside of bone
The Skeletal System
- comprised of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons... - each…
Osteology
the study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Bone and Skeletal Tissues
Skeletal Cartilage
Perichondrium
3 Main types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
"Glass like, blue tint, provides support, flexibility
Skeletal Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Perichondrium
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Vocab.: The Skeletal System- Bone Tissue
6 Main Functions of the Skeletal System
Diaphysis
Epiphyses
Metaphyses
support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeosta…
the bones shaft or body
the proximal and distal ends of the bone
regions between the diaphysis and the epiphyses
6 Main Functions of the Skeletal System
support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeosta…
Diaphysis
the bones shaft or body
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bone, Tissue, Skeletal System
functions of bone and skeletal system?
mineral homeostasis is stored in?
mineral homeostasis supply?
fat storage is a source of what in bon…
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis (hemopoies…
bones
99% of body's calcium
energy and insulation
functions of bone and skeletal system?
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis (hemopoies…
mineral homeostasis is stored in?
bones
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy of a Long Bone and Microscopic Anatomy
(review) What is a long bone?
Diaphysis
What composes the diaphysis?
Medullary cavity
One that is longer than it is wide
The shaft portion of a bone
Compact bone surrounding yellow marrow in the medullary cavit…
Interior cavity of a long bone hosting yellow marrow
(review) What is a long bone?
One that is longer than it is wide
Diaphysis
The shaft portion of a bone
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue (Tortora and Derrickson)
functions of the skeletal system
epiphyses
epiphyseal plate
osteoblast
• Provides support (to soft tissues and provides attachment p…
found at both ends of the bone
found in the metaphysis; is hyaline cartilage
(bone-building cells that secrete matrix); 1 nucleus, synthes…
functions of the skeletal system
• Provides support (to soft tissues and provides attachment p…
epiphyses
found at both ends of the bone
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Bone and Skeletal Tissues
Skeletal Cartilage
Perichondrium
3 Main types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
"Glass like, blue tint, provides support, flexibility
Skeletal Cartilage
Skeleton starts as cartilage and is repaced by bone, made of…
Perichondrium
Dense connective tissue girdle, contains blood vessels
63 terms
Anatomy/Physiology of the Bone and Skeletal System
hyaline
perichondrium
hyaline
elastic
most abundant skeletal cartilage
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
this skeleton looks like frosted glass, and is flexible`
this skeletal cartilage has more elastic fibers that support…
hyaline
most abundant skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Bones And Skeletal Tissues
Parts of the skeletal system
Types of skeletal cartilage
Two subdivisions of the skeleton
Bones of the human body
Bones (the skeleton), joints, cartilages, ligaments
Hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage; each ty…
Axial skeleton, including spine, ribs, and skull; apendicular…
The adult skeleton has 206 bones
Parts of the skeletal system
Bones (the skeleton), joints, cartilages, ligaments
Types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage; each ty…
15 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Classification of Bones
The skeletal system consists of what?
What are the two divisions of the skel…
What composes the axial skeleton?
What composes the skull?
Bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments
Axial skeleton and Appendicular skeleton
The skull, vertebral column, and bony thorax (longitudinal ax…
Cranial bones and facial bones
The skeletal system consists of what?
Bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments
What are the two divisions of the skel…
Axial skeleton and Appendicular skeleton
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Hyaline Cartilage
Articular Cartilage
costal cartilage
respiratory cartilage
Cartilage that provides support with flexibility and resilien…
covers end of most bones of movable joints
connects ribs to the sternum
forms larynx and other respiratory passageways
Hyaline Cartilage
Cartilage that provides support with flexibility and resilien…
Articular Cartilage
covers end of most bones of movable joints
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal system
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Epiphyseal plate
shaft of a long bone
End of a long bone
Is the region between diaphysis and epiphysis
In growing bone, each metaphysis contains a epiphyseal plate,…
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
End of a long bone
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Acetabulum
Appendicular Skeleton
Articular Cartilage
Articulation
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
The cartilage on the joint surfaces of a bone; provides a smo…
A joint
Acetabulum
The deep socket in the hip bone that articulates with the hea…
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton that consists of the shoulder and…
Anatomy Chapter 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue
diaphysis
2 epiphyses
2 metaphyses
articular cartilage
- bone shaft ... - sounds for the majority of the bone... - is long…
both ends of the bone at the joints ... - they are proximal and…
the region between the diaphysis and epiphysis ... - has their o…
cartilage that covers both epiphyses
diaphysis
- bone shaft ... - sounds for the majority of the bone... - is long…
2 epiphyses
both ends of the bone at the joints ... - they are proximal and…
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Main functions of the skeleton
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Epicondyle
Head
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
Rounded knob of bone
Smaller knob above condyle
Large knob of bone that creates a joint prximally
Main functions of the skeleton
1. Supports the body... 2. Protects soft body parts... 3. Produces…
-----Articulating surfaces-----... Condyle
Rounded knob of bone
61 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system/Bone Ch.6
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What parts does the long bones consist…
The matrix is composed of what 2 compo…
What does the organic component do? an…
support, protection, assistance in movement, storage and rele…
diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartilage, perios…
organic component and inorganic component
gives some degree of softness, has collagen type 1
What are the functions of the skeletal…
support, protection, assistance in movement, storage and rele…
What parts does the long bones consist…
diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartilage, perios…
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue
babies do not have bones
skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
cartilage is made up of
the human skeleton initially consists of just cartilage, whic…
made of highly resilient, molded cartilage tissue that consis…
layer of dense connective tissue surrounding cartilage like a…
chondrocytes
babies do not have bones
the human skeleton initially consists of just cartilage, whic…
skeletal cartilage
made of highly resilient, molded cartilage tissue that consis…
20 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Joints
Articulations
What are the functions of an articulat…
What are the three functional classifi…
Synarthrosis
Joints
To gives the body mobility and to hold bones together securely
Synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
Immoveable joint (e.g. sutures)
Articulations
Joints
What are the functions of an articulat…
To gives the body mobility and to hold bones together securely
104 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
Skeletal System 5 primary functions?
Bone (osseous tissue)?
What accounts for almost 2-3rds the we…
Humans have ____ number of bones.
Support, Storage (calcium), Blood cell production (blood cell…
A supporting connective tissue that contains specialized cell…
Calcium Phosphate. Collagen Fibers.
206
Skeletal System 5 primary functions?
Support, Storage (calcium), Blood cell production (blood cell…
Bone (osseous tissue)?
A supporting connective tissue that contains specialized cell…
300 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 6, Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeletal Sytem
Bone
Bone is also known as
Osteocyte
Support... Storage... Hematopoiesis - Blood cell production... Protect…
Contains an abundant intercellular matrix, ... and ... has widely d…
Osseous Tissue
Mature bone cells, ... The... main bone cells in bone tissue
Functions of the Skeletal Sytem
Support... Storage... Hematopoiesis - Blood cell production... Protect…
Bone
Contains an abundant intercellular matrix, ... and ... has widely d…
32 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal system
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Epiphyseal plate
shaft of a long bone
End of a long bone
Is the region between diaphysis and epiphysis
In growing bone, each metaphysis contains a epiphyseal plate,…
Diaphysis
shaft of a long bone
Epiphysis
End of a long bone
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Describe the functional properties of…
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
...
-support... -flexibility... -resilience... *this is the mosts abundant…
similar to hyaline's functions, but can also stand up to repe…
-great tensile strength because of collagen fibers... -absorbs c…
Describe the functional properties of…
...
Hyaline Cartilage
-support... -flexibility... -resilience... *this is the mosts abundant…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6: Skeletal System
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Articular cartilage
Costal cartilage
Is made of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Looks like frosted glass when freshly exposed (stained glass…
Point of connection, covers the ends of most bones at moveabl…
Connects the ribs to the sternum
Skeletal cartilage
Is made of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Hyaline cartilage
Looks like frosted glass when freshly exposed (stained glass…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 - Bones And Skeletal Tissues
Parts of the skeletal system
Types of skeletal cartilage
Two subdivisions of the skeleton
Bones of the human body
Bones (the skeleton), joints, cartilages, ligaments
Hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage; each ty…
Axial skeleton, including spine, ribs, and skull; apendicular…
The adult skeleton has 206 bones
Parts of the skeletal system
Bones (the skeleton), joints, cartilages, ligaments
Types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage; each ty…
113 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: Bones & Skeletal Tissues
Skeletal Cartilage
Perichondrium
Hyaline Cartilage
Examples of Hyaline Cartilages Found i…
made of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its bo…
Acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when the carti…
Provide support with flexibility & resilience. They are the m…
Articular cartilages, which covers the ends of most bones at…
Skeletal Cartilage
made of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its bo…
Perichondrium
Acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when the carti…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Skeleton
Articulations
Osseous Tissue
Long Bones
Made up of bone and cartilage. In an adult skeleton, cartilag…
Bones that are connected at joints that make up the skeleton
Made up of compact bone and spongy bone.
Longer than they are wide,... Predominately compact bone,... have a…
Skeleton
Made up of bone and cartilage. In an adult skeleton, cartilag…
Articulations
Bones that are connected at joints that make up the skeleton
63 terms
Anatomy/Physiology of the Bone and Skeletal System
hyaline
perichondrium
hyaline
elastic
most abundant skeletal cartilage
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
this skeleton looks like frosted glass, and is flexible`
this skeletal cartilage has more elastic fibers that support…
hyaline
most abundant skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Bones And Skeletal Tissues
Parts of the skeletal system
Types of skeletal cartilage
Two subdivisions of the skeleton
Bones of the human body
Bones (the skeleton), joints, cartilages, ligaments
Hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage; each ty…
Axial skeleton, including spine, ribs, and skull; apendicular…
The adult skeleton has 206 bones
Parts of the skeletal system
Bones (the skeleton), joints, cartilages, ligaments
Types of skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage; each ty…
104 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System Chapter 6-8
Skeletal Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
Sesamoid Bones
Compact Bone
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
A small independent bone or bony nodule developed in a tendon…
Dense bone in which the bony matrix is solidly filled with or…
Skeletal Cartilage
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Axial Skeleton
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
13 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Bone Reformation (with an emphasis on bone remodeling)
What are the four overall steps of bon…
Hematoma Formation
Fibrocartilage Callus Formation
Bone Callus Formation
Hematoma formation, fibrocartilage callus formation, Bone cal…
(First 8-24 hours) Mass of clotted blood appears at fracture…
(First couple weeks) In the fracture gap (between two bones),…
Overcompensate bone growth (creates too much bone), resulting…
What are the four overall steps of bon…
Hematoma formation, fibrocartilage callus formation, Bone cal…
Hematoma Formation
(First 8-24 hours) Mass of clotted blood appears at fracture…
11 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 6 - The Skeletal System: Fractures
Simple Fracture
Compound Fracture
What is the biggest risk of having a c…
Transverse Fracture
Bone break that doesn't puncture the skin or damage other tis…
Bone break that does break skin
Infection due to the open wound caused by the bone breaking t…
Bone break perpendicular to the bone
Simple Fracture
Bone break that doesn't puncture the skin or damage other tis…
Compound Fracture
Bone break that does break skin
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 Skeletal System
these are strong bands of fibrous conn…
bands or cords of dense connective tis…
what are the four components of the sk…
what are the five functions of the ske…
ligaments
tendons
bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons
Body support, organ protection, body movement, mineral storag…
these are strong bands of fibrous conn…
ligaments
bands or cords of dense connective tis…
tendons
14 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 6-- Bones & Skeletal Tissues
Describe the functional properties of…
Explain how cartilage grows.
List & describe the 7 important functi…
Name the 4 bone classes.
Hyaline (most plentiful)- provides support with flexibility &…
interstitial growth- lacunae-bound chondrocytes divide & secr…
SPAMTBH... Support... Protect... Anchorage... Mineral growth factor stora…
long bones- longer than they are wide (fingers, humerus)... shor…
Describe the functional properties of…
Hyaline (most plentiful)- provides support with flexibility &…
Explain how cartilage grows.
interstitial growth- lacunae-bound chondrocytes divide & secr…
49 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System
Two divisions of the skeleton system
Functions of Bones
Yellow Marrow
Hematopoiesis
Axial and Appendicular
Support of the body, protection of organs, and movement from…
Fat inside bones
Blood cell formation
Two divisions of the skeleton system
Axial and Appendicular
Functions of Bones
Support of the body, protection of organs, and movement from…
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: Skeletal System
What does the skeletal system include?
What do bones consist of?
What are the major functions of the sk…
Bone Protection
Bones, joints, and their associated tissues
Osseous tissue, both dense and irregular collagenous connecti…
Protection, mineral storage and acid-base homeostasis, blood…
certain bones protect underlying organs such as the skull, st…
What does the skeletal system include?
Bones, joints, and their associated tissues
What do bones consist of?
Osseous tissue, both dense and irregular collagenous connecti…
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
102 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Exam #2 (Lecture Notes) - Chapter 6: The Skeletal System Bone Tissue
Bone
Functions of the Skeletal System
Support
Protection
Is made up of several different tissues working together: car…
1. Support soft tissue and provides attachment for skeletal m…
The skeleton serves as the structural framework for the body…
The skeleton protects the most important internal organs from…
Bone
Is made up of several different tissues working together: car…
Functions of the Skeletal System
1. Support soft tissue and provides attachment for skeletal m…
104 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System Chapter 6-8
Skeletal Cartilage
Axial Skeleton
Sesamoid Bones
Compact Bone
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
A small independent bone or bony nodule developed in a tendon…
Dense bone in which the bony matrix is solidly filled with or…
Skeletal Cartilage
Made up of some variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its…
Axial Skeleton
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head a…
200 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 6 Skeletal System
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
what function provides a framework for…
___________ of minerals, such as calci…
what are fat cells called
-support... -storage... -hematopoiesis... -protection... -leverage... -detox…
support
storage
adipocytes
What are the 6 functions of the skelet…
-support... -storage... -hematopoiesis... -protection... -leverage... -detox…
what function provides a framework for…
support
44 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - chapter 6 (the skeletal system)
calcification
hemopoiesis
diaphysis
epiphyses
Mineral salts are deposited in the framework formed by the co…
Process within certain bones where red bone marrow produces r…
the shaft or body of a bone - composed of thick layer of comp…
the proximal & distal ends of bones, expanded ends of a bone…
calcification
Mineral salts are deposited in the framework formed by the co…
hemopoiesis
Process within certain bones where red bone marrow produces r…
63 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
Osteocytes
Matrix
Calcium Salts & Collagen
Compact Bone
The cells that make up bone tissue.
The non living part of bone tissue.
Make up bone matrix.
Made of Osteons or Haversian Systems. Primary make up of long…
Osteocytes
The cells that make up bone tissue.
Matrix
The non living part of bone tissue.
158 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 6 The Skeletal System
Skeletal System
Functions of the Skeleton
Compact Bone... Spongy Bone
Osteocytes
Consists of bones and other structures that make up the joint…
1. Provides framework that supports the body, the muscles tha…
There are two types of bone tissue and they are ?
Bone cells are called?
Skeletal System
Consists of bones and other structures that make up the joint…
Functions of the Skeleton
1. Provides framework that supports the body, the muscles tha…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
support... storage... blood cell production…
osseous tissue
osteocytes
calcium phosphate
functions of
another name for bone
another name for bone cells
2/3 of the weight of the 206 bones in the body come from whic…
support... storage... blood cell production…
functions of
osseous tissue
another name for bone
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6: The Skeletal System
What kinds of tissues make up the skel…
How do red and yellow bone marrow diff…
Long Bones
Short bones
bone, catilage, dense connective tissues, epithelium, blood-f…
Red Bone Marrow: developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibrobla…
have greater length that width and consist of a shaft and var…
cube-shaped and nearly equal in length and width ( wrist and…
What kinds of tissues make up the skel…
bone, catilage, dense connective tissues, epithelium, blood-f…
How do red and yellow bone marrow diff…
Red Bone Marrow: developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibrobla…
90 terms
Anatomy chapter 6: Bones and Skeletal System
What are humans initially made of befo…
Where is cartilage found?
Skeletal Cartilage
What is cartilage made mostly out of?…
Cartilage
Where flexible skeletal tissue is needed
Made of variety of cartilage tissue found in the body
WATER- resilience(ability to spring back to original shape)
What are humans initially made of befo…
Cartilage
Where is cartilage found?
Where flexible skeletal tissue is needed
169 terms
Mader's understanding human anatomy and physiology Skeletal System chapter 6
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
Periosteum
Diaphysis
5 Function of skeletal system
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
-Bone is "wrapped" in a tough fibrous connective tissue cover…
-is shaft of a Long Bone... -not solid, &has a Medullary Cavity
1 . supports the body : our appendicul…
5 Function of skeletal system
List 5 Diff shapes of bone
1. Long Bones: are longer then they are wide. (Describes the…
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 6: Bones and Skeletal Tissues: Vocab
Fossa
Fiber
Congenital
Haversian system
Shallow, basin-like depression in a bone, often serving as an…
A slender threadlike structure or filament. See Nerve fiber,…
Existing at birth
See osteon
Fossa
Shallow, basin-like depression in a bone, often serving as an…
Fiber
A slender threadlike structure or filament. See Nerve fiber,…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue
how many bones are in the axial skelet…
how many bones are in the appendicular…
axial skeleton includes?
appendicular skeleton includes?
80
126
skull, hyoid, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, ear ossicles
upper and lower limbs, pelvic girdle, pectoral girdles
how many bones are in the axial skelet…
80
how many bones are in the appendicular…
126
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology : Chapter 6 - Skeletal system
Ab
Acetabulam
ad
amphi
From
A vinegar cup
toward to
on both sides
Ab
From
Acetabulam
A vinegar cup
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