Study sets matching "skeletal system anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "skeletal system anatomy physiology"

108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Epiphyseal Plates
Nutrient Arteries
The ends of long bones
The shaft of long bones
Growth plates
Carry blood/nutrients into the bones
Epiphysis
The ends of long bones
Diaphysis
The shaft of long bones
Anatomy and Physiology (skeletal system)
Bones
functions
h
types of bone
main organ of the skeletal system
support, protection, movement, storage, hematopoiesis
process of blood cell formation
long, short, flat, irregular, (round)
Bones
main organ of the skeletal system
functions
support, protection, movement, storage, hematopoiesis
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology skeletal system
parts of the skeletal system
Divisions of the skeletal system
functions of the skeletal system
Two types of tisses
bones, ligaments, joints, cartilage
axial, appendicular
support, protection, movement, storage of fat and minerals, b…
compact bone, spongy bone
parts of the skeletal system
bones, ligaments, joints, cartilage
Divisions of the skeletal system
axial, appendicular
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Anatomy & Physiology: The Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system...
What does the skeletal system store?
Hemopoiesis
Compact Bone
-support... -protection (protects body core)... -movement (muscles…
-calcium... -phosphate
-aka hematoposis... -blood cell production... -red bone marrow prod…
-dense... -hard... -outerlayer... -the "structural unit" is the Osteob…
Functions of the skeletal system...
-support... -protection (protects body core)... -movement (muscles…
What does the skeletal system store?
-calcium... -phosphate
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Long Bones
Short Bones
Sesamoid (round) Bones
Flat Bones
Bones that are elongated
Bones that are almost cube-like
Bones that develop in tendons
Bones that are plate-like with broad surfaces
Long Bones
Bones that are elongated
Short Bones
Bones that are almost cube-like
Anatomy &Physiology: SKELETAL SYSTEM
Five Functions of the Skeletal System
What is located in the Proximal Epiphy…
What is located in the Diaphysis?
Where is the end of the bone (near the…
1. Support... 2. Protect... 3. Attachment/ Movement... 4. Cell Reprodu…
Epiphyseal disk, Articular Cartilage, Spongy bone, Red marrow…
Compact bone, Medullary cavity, yellow marrow, and periosteum.
Distal Epiphysis
Five Functions of the Skeletal System
1. Support... 2. Protect... 3. Attachment/ Movement... 4. Cell Reprodu…
What is located in the Proximal Epiphy…
Epiphyseal disk, Articular Cartilage, Spongy bone, Red marrow…
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Supports external ear
Between vertebrae
Forms the walls of the voice box
The epiglottis
Elastic
Fibrocartilage
Hyaline
Elastic
Supports external ear
Elastic
Between vertebrae
Fibrocartilage
64 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Skeletal System
Which of the following bones would be…
A long bone, such as the femur, underg…
The femoral condyles are located on th…
The skeletal system of an adult human…
Coccyx... &... Sacrum
Endochondral... &... Intramembranous
Distal
206
Which of the following bones would be…
Coccyx... &... Sacrum
A long bone, such as the femur, underg…
Endochondral... &... Intramembranous
Anatomy and Physiology - The Skeletal System
radius
ulna
sternum
tibia
radius
ulna
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Composition
Functions
Type of Bone Shapes
Types of Bone Tissue
Bones and joints ... (related structures= ligaments and cartilage)
1. Physical Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage... 5. H…
1. Long Bones... 2. Short Bones... 3. Flat Bones... 4. Irregular Bones
Compact... Spongey
Composition
Bones and joints ... (related structures= ligaments and cartilage)
Functions
1. Physical Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage... 5. H…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology:Skeletal system
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Red Marrow
Yellow marrow cavity
site of spongy bone in the adult
site of compact bone in the adult; bone shaft
site of hematopoiesis in the adult
site of fat storage in the adult
Epiphysis
site of spongy bone in the adult
Diaphysis
site of compact bone in the adult; bone shaft
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
anatomy and physiology skeletal system
the periosteum is secured to the under…
the presence of an epiphyseal plate in…
the bone cells within the lacunae rece…
which are bone-forming cells...
sharpey's fibers
bone length is increasing
canaliculi
osteoblasts
the periosteum is secured to the under…
sharpey's fibers
the presence of an epiphyseal plate in…
bone length is increasing
Anatomy/Physiology skeletal system
among other functions of bones, the st…
what is the type of blood cell formati…
what is the function of red bone marrow?
what is the shaft of the long bone com…
minerals; fats
hematopoiesis
blood cell formation
spongey bone
among other functions of bones, the st…
minerals; fats
what is the type of blood cell formati…
hematopoiesis
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal System Includes
5 Functions of Bones
Cartilage Functions
Tendons
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
Template for Bone Formation... Covers End of Bone (Especially Jo…
Connect Muscles to Bones
Skeletal System Includes
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
5 Functions of Bones
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Functions of Bones
Compact Bones
Spongy Bones
Long Bones
1. Support (anchors, supports soft organs)... 2. Protection (org…
Dense, Smooth, Homogeneous
Small needle-like pieces of bone, many open places
Typically longer than wide, there is a shaft and heads at bot…
Functions of Bones
1. Support (anchors, supports soft organs)... 2. Protection (org…
Compact Bones
Dense, Smooth, Homogeneous
"The Skeletal System" Anatomy & Physiology
Skeletal system
Axial system
Appendicular skeleton
Skull
Is composed of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons. Provi…
Supports the core of the body. Consists of the spine, rib cag…
Upper and lower appendages. Consists of feet, ankles, legs, k…
Several bones coming together in embryo to form the cranium.…
Skeletal system
Is composed of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons. Provi…
Axial system
Supports the core of the body. Consists of the spine, rib cag…
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
Name the 4 classes of bone shape
What is a sesamoid?
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What are the parts of the long bone?
Long bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone
A single irregular bone. i.e. patella
Support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
Diaphysis, Epiphyses, Medullary cavity, Metaphysis, Epiphysea…
Name the 4 classes of bone shape
Long bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone
What is a sesamoid?
A single irregular bone. i.e. patella
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm Skeletal System
skeletal system function
osteoblast
osteoclast
osteocyte
supports entire body; protects portions of the body; produces…
Bone-forming cells.
Break down bone
Bone cell
skeletal system function
supports entire body; protects portions of the body; produces…
osteoblast
Bone-forming cells.
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Skeletal System
What parts do the skeletal system cons…
How is the skeletal system divided?
What are the functions of the bones?
How many bones does the skeletal have?
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, and tendons.
Into the axial section (skull to mid-body) and appendicular s…
Support the body, protects soft organs, movement from attache…
206.
What parts do the skeletal system cons…
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, and tendons.
How is the skeletal system divided?
Into the axial section (skull to mid-body) and appendicular s…
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal System Includes
5 Functions of Bones
Cartilage Functions
Tendons
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
Template for Bone Formation... Covers End of Bone (Especially Jo…
Connect Muscles to Bones
Skeletal System Includes
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
5 Functions of Bones
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
The Skeletal System: Anatomy and Physiology
Skeleton
Cartilage
Cranium
Ligaments
The framework that gives the body its recognizable form; also…
The smooth connective tissue that forms the support structure…
The area of the head above the ears and eyes; the skull. The…
A band of fibrous tissue that connects bones to bones. It sup…
Skeleton
The framework that gives the body its recognizable form; also…
Cartilage
The smooth connective tissue that forms the support structure…
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Identify the functions of the skeletal…
What does bone Support mean?
What is a specific case of Bone protec…
What does bone movement mean?
1) Support: ... 2) Protection:... 3) Movement... 4) Mineral and Growth…
Provide Framework that supports body and cradles its soft org…
The fused bones of the skull protect the brain
Skeletal muscles, which attach to bones by tendons, use bones…
Identify the functions of the skeletal…
1) Support: ... 2) Protection:... 3) Movement... 4) Mineral and Growth…
What does bone Support mean?
Provide Framework that supports body and cradles its soft org…
The Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal Cartilage
Functions of Bone
Types of Bones
Spongy Bone
resilient - lots of water
- support... - protection ... - movement... - mineral storage(calcium,…
- long ... -flat... -short... -irregular
- made up of irregular network of bone (trabeculae)... -space be…
Skeletal Cartilage
resilient - lots of water
Functions of Bone
- support... - protection ... - movement... - mineral storage(calcium,…
26 terms
The Skeletal System- Anatomy and Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Skeletal System
Osteon
Skull, thoracic cage, vertebrae
Limbs, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle
Bones, joints, ligaments, cartilage
Unit of bone containing central canal and matrix rings
Axial Skeleton
Skull, thoracic cage, vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton
Limbs, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of The Skeletal System
acetylcholene
prime mover
fascicle
apeneuroses
the neurotransmitter for skeletal muscle
the major muscle involved in movement
bundle of muscle fibers
a sheet-like tendon
acetylcholene
the neurotransmitter for skeletal muscle
prime mover
the major muscle involved in movement
11 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
Self-Check 4
1. True or False? Once osteoclasts are…
2. True or False? The ends of long bon…
3. True or False? Condyles are found o…
...
False
True
False
Self-Check 4
...
1. True or False? Once osteoclasts are…
False
138 terms
Skeletal System Test Anatomy and Physiology
Major function of bones
hematopoiesis
Compact bone
Spongy bone
support and protection... -protects soft organs (skull and verte…
takes place in red marrow... formation of blood cells
homogeneous... looks solid... bone classification
small needle-like pieces of bone; many open spaces... bone class…
Major function of bones
support and protection... -protects soft organs (skull and verte…
hematopoiesis
takes place in red marrow... formation of blood cells
8 terms
anatomy & physiology: skeletal system
what are the functions of the skeletal…
what cells are responsible for making…
what cells are responsible for breakin…
why do bones heal better than cartilage?
protection... movement... mineral storage (calcium and phosphorus)…
osteoblasts
osteoclasts
bone has blood vessels, cartilage has no blood supply and nee…
what are the functions of the skeletal…
protection... movement... mineral storage (calcium and phosphorus)…
what cells are responsible for making…
osteoblasts
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Skeletal System
axial
appendicular
bones
joints
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
the bones of the arms and legs along with the bones of the pe…
...
...
axial
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
appendicular
the bones of the arms and legs along with the bones of the pe…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
5 Functions of bones
Osteoblasts
3 types of bone cells
Two main types of bone
Support ... Protection ... Leverage... Storage ... Blood cell formation
Cells that produce bone
Osteoblasts ... Osteoclasts ... Osteocytes
Cancellous ... Compact
5 Functions of bones
Support ... Protection ... Leverage... Storage ... Blood cell formation
Osteoblasts
Cells that produce bone
Skeletal System (Anatomy & Physiology)
Functions of the Skeletal System
Where does blood cell formation occur?
What is the process of blood cell form…
There are two major divisions, what ar…
-Support & Protection... -Body Movement... -Blood Cell Formation... -S…
In the Bone Marrow
Homeopoiesis
Axial and Appendicular
Functions of the Skeletal System
-Support & Protection... -Body Movement... -Blood Cell Formation... -S…
Where does blood cell formation occur?
In the Bone Marrow
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
What are the two types of bone TISSUE?
Compact bone tissue
Spongy bone tissue
Long bones
Compact and Spongy
cells are tightly packed & it looks smooth
small, needle like pieces of bone and lots of open space
longer than they are wide, mostly compact, found in arms and…
What are the two types of bone TISSUE?
Compact and Spongy
Compact bone tissue
cells are tightly packed & it looks smooth
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - The Skeletal System
Skeleton
Os/Osteo
Bone
Matrix
The framework of bones that supports and protects the soft ti…
Generally refer to bones
Second hardest natural substance in the body. It is vital liv…
Bone is composed of a sparse population of cells embedded in…
Skeleton
The framework of bones that supports and protects the soft ti…
Os/Osteo
Generally refer to bones
209 terms
Anatomy and physiology / the skeletal system
Whats the skeleton
What tissue is bone
What are the 3 things that make up bone
-os and -osteo mean what
Is the framework of bones that supports and protects the soft…
Connective
Cells, fiber, ground substance
Bone
Whats the skeleton
Is the framework of bones that supports and protects the soft…
What tissue is bone
Connective
Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal System
bone
ossification
cartilage
osteoblades
called osseous tissue (206 in human body)
bones forming
first model of skeleton
immature bone cells
bone
called osseous tissue (206 in human body)
ossification
bones forming
Medical Anatomy/Physiology (skeletal system)
Cranium
Clavicle
Sternum
Scapula
the part that encloses the brain
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
a compound ventral bone or cartilage of most vertebrates othe…
either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each…
Cranium
the part that encloses the brain
Clavicle
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
anatomy and physiology/ the skeletal system
Periosteum
Endosteum
Osteocyte
lacunae
Which of the following is the dense connective tissue with bl…
Which of the following is the connective tissue that lines th…
Which of the following is a mature bone cell surrounded by ex…
space wherein osteocytes lie
Periosteum
Which of the following is the dense connective tissue with bl…
Endosteum
Which of the following is the connective tissue that lines th…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
5 functions of the skeletal system
how to classify bones
Sutural bones
Irregular bones
1. support... 2. storage of minerals (calcium) and lipids (yello…
shape, internal tissue organization, bone markings (surface f…
small, irregular, found between the flat bones of the skull
complex shapes... ex: spinal vertebrae, pelvic bones
5 functions of the skeletal system
1. support... 2. storage of minerals (calcium) and lipids (yello…
how to classify bones
shape, internal tissue organization, bone markings (surface f…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
Major functions of the skeletal system:
Hemopoiesis
Skeletal Movement
Storage of mineral and energy reserves
1. Support and Protection... 2. Movement... 3. Hemopoiesis ... 4. Stor…
blood cell formation in red bone marrow
provides attachment sites for muscles
reservoir for minerals (calcium and phosphorous), fat is stor…
Major functions of the skeletal system:
1. Support and Protection... 2. Movement... 3. Hemopoiesis ... 4. Stor…
Hemopoiesis
blood cell formation in red bone marrow
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology ( The Skeletal System)
What is the two division of the skelet…
Axial
Appendicular
What is the skeletal system ?
Axial and appendicular
Head,neck,longitudinal axis of the body
Arms,legs, and girdles
system composed of bones cartilages, and ligaments (dynamic s…
What is the two division of the skelet…
Axial and appendicular
Axial
Head,neck,longitudinal axis of the body
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System Test
foramen magnum
axis
fossa
scoliosis
big hole where the spinal cord exits the skull
2nd cervical vertebra; acts as a pivot for the rotation of th…
shallow, basinlike depression in a bone; often serving as an…
abnormal spinal curvature to the side; can occur anywhere in…
foramen magnum
big hole where the spinal cord exits the skull
axis
2nd cervical vertebra; acts as a pivot for the rotation of th…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal system
How does the skeletal system support o…
How does the skeletal system protect o…
How does the skeletal system provide m…
How does the skeletal system provide s…
Provides our body's framework
Bones form "cages" around our vital organs
Muscles attach to bones and facilitate movement together
Bones maintain homeostasis of blood calcium... ~Excess calcium i…
How does the skeletal system support o…
Provides our body's framework
How does the skeletal system protect o…
Bones form "cages" around our vital organs
152 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Temporal Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
119 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 7: Skeletal System
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
Hyaline cartilage
By age 25
Bones are the organs of the skeletal s…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
is the most abundant cartilage
the skeleton is completely hardened
-composed of many tissues... -bone tissue... -cartilage... -dense conn…
In the embyro the skeleton is intially…
cartilage model and fibrous membranes... -hyaline cartilage is t…
Hyaline cartilage
is the most abundant cartilage
130 terms
Unit 4- Skeletal System (Physiology)- Anatomy & Physiology
Epiphysis
Periosteum
Compact
Calcitriol
the end part of a long bone, initially growing separately fro…
A specialized connective tissue covering all bones and having…
Bone tissue that is dense and smooth, thickest where stresses…
A hormone essential for the absorption of calcium and phospha…
Epiphysis
the end part of a long bone, initially growing separately fro…
Periosteum
A specialized connective tissue covering all bones and having…
5 terms
Anatomy&Physiology: Skeletal System
Function of Bone
Anatomy of Long Bone
histology of Bone
Matrix of Bone
-supporting and protecting soft tissue... -attachment site for m…
-diaphysis=shaft... -epiphysis=one end of the long bone... -metaphy…
-connective tissue... -widely spaced cells separate by matrix... -4…
-matrix= 25% water, 25% collagen fibers&50% crystalized miner…
Function of Bone
-supporting and protecting soft tissue... -attachment site for m…
Anatomy of Long Bone
-diaphysis=shaft... -epiphysis=one end of the long bone... -metaphy…
Anatomy and physiology notes for skeletal system
Skeletal system function
Skeletal system
Osteology
Epiphysis
A rigid system of levers to provide resistance to muscle cont…
An organ system where individual bones are characterized as o…
Study of bones
End of a long bone separated from the rest of the bone by car…
Skeletal system function
A rigid system of levers to provide resistance to muscle cont…
Skeletal system
An organ system where individual bones are characterized as o…
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