How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "skeletal system anatomy physiology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "skeletal system anatomy physiology"

36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Calcaneus (heel)
Frontal
Femur
Humerus
short bone
flat bone
long bone
long bone
Calcaneus (heel)
short bone
Frontal
flat bone
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Condyle
Head
Facet
Ramus
Rounded articular projection
Bony expansion of a narrow neck
Smooth, nearly flat articular surface
Armlike bar of a bone
Condyle
Rounded articular projection
Head
Bony expansion of a narrow neck
42 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skull
Mandible
Clavicle
Scapula
Bones of the head and face.
Jaw bone
Collarbone
Shoulder blade
Skull
Bones of the head and face.
Mandible
Jaw bone
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal system functions
Gender identification
How many bones?
Two parts of the skeleton
blood cell formation... structure and support... protect organs... mov…
Pelvis and chin shape
206
axial (skull, vertebral column, rib cage)... appendicular (arms,…
Skeletal system functions
blood cell formation... structure and support... protect organs... mov…
Gender identification
Pelvis and chin shape
37 terms
Skeletal System- Anatomy and physiology
Cranium
Facial Bones (face)
Skull
Hyoid bone
Top of Skull
Lower part of skull
Head
Chin
Cranium
Top of Skull
Facial Bones (face)
Lower part of skull
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
49 terms
Skeletal System: Anatomy & Physiology
The modified ends of a long bone form…
The modified ends of long bones are ca…
The covering at the ends of long bones…
The shaft between the ends of long bon…
joints
epiphyses
articular; hyaline
diaphysis
The modified ends of a long bone form…
joints
The modified ends of long bones are ca…
epiphyses
45 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Skeletal System
What type of bone are your ribs?
What are short bones like your ____ sh…
7 ____, 12 ___, ___ lumbar, __ sacral,…
The sacrum and coccyx are part of the…
flat.
carpals, tarsals, patella, rocks.
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 4 coxal
axial.
What type of bone are your ribs?
flat.
What are short bones like your ____ sh…
carpals, tarsals, patella, rocks.
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Skeletal System)
Functions
Types of bones
Long bones
Short bones
Support, Protection, & Movement; Mineral Homeostasis (Stores…
long bones; short bones; flat bones; irregular bones
Femur, tibia & fibula, humerus, ulna & radius, phalanges
Carpal and Tarsal bones
Functions
Support, Protection, & Movement; Mineral Homeostasis (Stores…
Types of bones
long bones; short bones; flat bones; irregular bones
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system
How many bones in the human body
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Blood cell formation... Structural ... protection... movement... store mi…
206
Skull, vertebral column and rib cage
arms, legs, pelvis and shoulder
Functions of the skeletal system
Blood cell formation... Structural ... protection... movement... store mi…
How many bones in the human body
206
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal System Includes
5 Functions of Bones
Cartilage Functions
Tendons
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
Template for Bone Formation... Covers End of Bone (Especially Jo…
Connect Muscles to Bones
Skeletal System Includes
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
5 Functions of Bones
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal system
epiphysis
articular cartilage
diaphysis
periosteum
end of long bone; articulates (forms a joint) with another bone
hyaline cartilage that cover out portion of articulating port…
shaft of a long bone; located between epiphyses
tough, fibrous connective tissue covering on bone surface; co…
epiphysis
end of long bone; articulates (forms a joint) with another bone
articular cartilage
hyaline cartilage that cover out portion of articulating port…
39 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Skeletal System
What parts do the skeletal system cons…
How is the skeletal system divided?
What are the functions of the bones?
How many bones does the skeletal have?
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, and tendons.
Into the axial section (skull to mid-body) and appendicular s…
Support the body, protects soft organs, movement from attache…
206.
What parts do the skeletal system cons…
bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments, and tendons.
How is the skeletal system divided?
Into the axial section (skull to mid-body) and appendicular s…
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
4 Parts of Skeletal System
2 Part divisions
5 Functions of skeletal system
Red blood marrow
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. cartilages... 4. ligaments
1. axial skeleton- anything connected to spine and head... 2. ap…
1. support our body... 2. protect our organs... 3. movement due to…
produces red blood cells
4 Parts of Skeletal System
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. cartilages... 4. ligaments
2 Part divisions
1. axial skeleton- anything connected to spine and head... 2. ap…
45 terms
Skeletal system - Anatomy and physiology
Growth of cartilage
Appositional growth
Interstitial growth
Hypertrophy
-Appositional growth... -Interstitial growth... *calcification of…
Growth occurred by the addition of new layers to those alread…
Increase in size from hyperplasia or hypertrophy within the i…
Increase of size of tissue or organ due to increase of compon…
Growth of cartilage
-Appositional growth... -Interstitial growth... *calcification of…
Appositional growth
Growth occurred by the addition of new layers to those alread…
97 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - The Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Skeleton
Skull
- Skull... - Vertebrae... - Sternum... - Ribs... - Sacrum... - Hyoid
- Pectoral girdle... - Pelvic girdle... - Upper limbs... - Lower limbs
Around 206 bones.
22 bones. Most complex. Contains cavities, and sinuses and fo…
Axial Skeleton
- Skull... - Vertebrae... - Sternum... - Ribs... - Sacrum... - Hyoid
Appendicular Skeleton
- Pectoral girdle... - Pelvic girdle... - Upper limbs... - Lower limbs
216 terms
Anatomy and physiology the skeletal system
Red bone marrow
Hemopoiesis
Red bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, i…
The production of red blood cells white blood cells and plate…
Consists of developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibroblast, a…
A connected tissue found in the pelvis, ribs, sternum, verteb…
Red bone marrow
Produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, i…
Hemopoiesis
The production of red blood cells white blood cells and plate…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Parts of the Skeletal System
Divided into two divisions:
Functions of bones
Number of bones in adult skeleton.
Bones, Joints, Ligaments, Cartilage
Axial skeleton, Appendicular skeleton
Support of the body, Protection of Organs, Movement attached…
206 bones
Parts of the Skeletal System
Bones, Joints, Ligaments, Cartilage
Divided into two divisions:
Axial skeleton, Appendicular skeleton
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
What are the bones functions?
Epiphysis
What covers the epiphysis
Diaphysis
Muscle attatchment ... Protection and support ... Blood cell produc…
Expanded ends of long bone that forms joints with adherent bo…
Hyaline/articulate cartilage
Shaft of bone
What are the bones functions?
Muscle attatchment ... Protection and support ... Blood cell produc…
Epiphysis
Expanded ends of long bone that forms joints with adherent bo…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Skeletal System
Condyle
Facet
Head
Line
Rounded knob where bones meet.
Smooth, flat articular surface.
Big, expanded end of bone.
Raised, elongated ridge.
Condyle
Rounded knob where bones meet.
Facet
Smooth, flat articular surface.
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (skeletal system)
Endochondral ossification
Steps of endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Skeletal cartilage
replacing hyaline cartilage resulting bone- endochondral/cart…
1. chondrocytes enlarge then die as matrix calcifies... 2. newly…
bone develops form fibrous membrane , flat bones
variety of cartilage tissues that is molded to fit it's locat…
Endochondral ossification
replacing hyaline cartilage resulting bone- endochondral/cart…
Steps of endochondral ossification
1. chondrocytes enlarge then die as matrix calcifies... 2. newly…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
osteoporosis
Paget's disease
osteosarcoma
three types of joints in the human body.
bone breaks down because osteoclasts are more active than ost…
disease characterized by excessive and abnormal bone deposit.
bone cancer
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
three types of joints in the human body.
osteoporosis
bone breaks down because osteoclasts are more active than ost…
11 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
Self-Check 4
1. True or False? Once osteoclasts are…
2. True or False? The ends of long bon…
3. True or False? Condyles are found o…
...
False
True
False
Self-Check 4
...
1. True or False? Once osteoclasts are…
False
11 terms
Anatomy &Physiology: SKELETAL SYSTEM
Five Functions of the Skeletal System
What is located in the Proximal Epiphy…
What is located in the Diaphysis?
Where is the end of the bone (near the…
1. Support... 2. Protect... 3. Attachment/ Movement... 4. Cell Reprodu…
Epiphyseal disk, Articular Cartilage, Spongy bone, Red marrow…
Compact bone, Medullary cavity, yellow marrow, and periosteum.
Distal Epiphysis
Five Functions of the Skeletal System
1. Support... 2. Protect... 3. Attachment/ Movement... 4. Cell Reprodu…
What is located in the Proximal Epiphy…
Epiphyseal disk, Articular Cartilage, Spongy bone, Red marrow…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
5 Functions of bones
Osteoblasts
3 types of bone cells
Two main types of bone
Support ... Protection ... Leverage... Storage ... Blood cell formation
Cells that produce bone
Osteoblasts ... Osteoclasts ... Osteocytes
Cancellous ... Compact
5 Functions of bones
Support ... Protection ... Leverage... Storage ... Blood cell formation
Osteoblasts
Cells that produce bone
168 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Sesamoid bone
Flat bones
long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. example, forearm an…
cube like, equal lengths and widths. example, bones of the wr…
small and nodular and embedded in a tendon adjacent to a join…
plate like structures with broad surfaces, such as the ribs,…
Long bones
long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. example, forearm an…
Short bones
cube like, equal lengths and widths. example, bones of the wr…
8 terms
anatomy & physiology: skeletal system
what are the functions of the skeletal…
what cells are responsible for making…
what cells are responsible for breakin…
why do bones heal better than cartilage?
protection... movement... mineral storage (calcium and phosphorus)…
osteoblasts
osteoclasts
bone has blood vessels, cartilage has no blood supply and nee…
what are the functions of the skeletal…
protection... movement... mineral storage (calcium and phosphorus)…
what cells are responsible for making…
osteoblasts
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology of the Skeletal System
axial
appendicular
bones
joints
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
the bones of the arms and legs along with the bones of the pe…
...
...
axial
Portion of the skeletal system that consists of the skull, ri…
appendicular
the bones of the arms and legs along with the bones of the pe…
108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Epiphyseal Plates
Nutrient Arteries
The ends of long bones
The shaft of long bones
Growth plates
Carry blood/nutrients into the bones
Epiphysis
The ends of long bones
Diaphysis
The shaft of long bones
Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal System
bone
ossification
cartilage
osteoblades
called osseous tissue (206 in human body)
bones forming
first model of skeleton
immature bone cells
bone
called osseous tissue (206 in human body)
ossification
bones forming
58 terms
anatomy and physiology skeletal system
the periosteum is secured to the under…
the presence of an epiphyseal plate in…
the bone cells within the lacunae rece…
which are bone-forming cells...
sharpey's fibers
bone length is increasing
canaliculi
osteoblasts
the periosteum is secured to the under…
sharpey's fibers
the presence of an epiphyseal plate in…
bone length is increasing
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - The Skeletal System
Skeleton
Os/Osteo
Bone
Matrix
The framework of bones that supports and protects the soft ti…
Generally refer to bones
Second hardest natural substance in the body. It is vital liv…
Bone is composed of a sparse population of cells embedded in…
Skeleton
The framework of bones that supports and protects the soft ti…
Os/Osteo
Generally refer to bones
29 terms
anatomy and physiology/ the skeletal system
Periosteum
Endosteum
Osteocyte
lacunae
Which of the following is the dense connective tissue with bl…
Which of the following is the connective tissue that lines th…
Which of the following is a mature bone cell surrounded by ex…
space wherein osteocytes lie
Periosteum
Which of the following is the dense connective tissue with bl…
Endosteum
Which of the following is the connective tissue that lines th…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
Major functions of the skeletal system:
Hemopoiesis
Skeletal Movement
Storage of mineral and energy reserves
1. Support and Protection... 2. Movement... 3. Hemopoiesis ... 4. Stor…
blood cell formation in red bone marrow
provides attachment sites for muscles
reservoir for minerals (calcium and phosphorous), fat is stor…
Major functions of the skeletal system:
1. Support and Protection... 2. Movement... 3. Hemopoiesis ... 4. Stor…
Hemopoiesis
blood cell formation in red bone marrow
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Long Bones
Short Bones
Sesamoid (round) Bones
Flat Bones
Bones that are elongated
Bones that are almost cube-like
Bones that develop in tendons
Bones that are plate-like with broad surfaces
Long Bones
Bones that are elongated
Short Bones
Bones that are almost cube-like
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Functions of Bones
Compact Bones
Spongy Bones
Long Bones
1. Support (anchors, supports soft organs)... 2. Protection (org…
Dense, Smooth, Homogeneous
Small needle-like pieces of bone, many open places
Typically longer than wide, there is a shaft and heads at bot…
Functions of Bones
1. Support (anchors, supports soft organs)... 2. Protection (org…
Compact Bones
Dense, Smooth, Homogeneous
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
Name the 4 classes of bone shape
What is a sesamoid?
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What are the parts of the long bone?
Long bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone
A single irregular bone. i.e. patella
Support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
Diaphysis, Epiphyses, Medullary cavity, Metaphysis, Epiphysea…
Name the 4 classes of bone shape
Long bone, short bone, flat bone, irregular bone
What is a sesamoid?
A single irregular bone. i.e. patella
39 terms
Skeletal System: Anatomy and Physiology
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
Irregular Bones
Typically longer than wide ... Shaft with heads at both ends ... Mo…
Cube-shaped... Mostly spongy bone... Found in the appendicular Skel…
Thin and flattened ... Usually curve but thin ... Layer of spongy b…
Irregular Shape ... Do not fit into other bone classification ca…
Long Bones
Typically longer than wide ... Shaft with heads at both ends ... Mo…
Short Bones
Cube-shaped... Mostly spongy bone... Found in the appendicular Skel…
89 terms
Anatomy/Physiology skeletal system
among other functions of bones, the st…
what is the type of blood cell formati…
what is the function of red bone marrow?
what is the shaft of the long bone com…
minerals; fats
hematopoiesis
blood cell formation
spongey bone
among other functions of bones, the st…
minerals; fats
what is the type of blood cell formati…
hematopoiesis
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal System Includes
5 Functions of Bones
Cartilage Functions
Tendons
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
Template for Bone Formation... Covers End of Bone (Especially Jo…
Connect Muscles to Bones
Skeletal System Includes
Bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments
5 Functions of Bones
1 Movement... 2 Support... 3 Calcium Storage... 4 Red Blood Cell Produ…
73 terms
ITEC Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Long bones
Short bones
skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
shoulder girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs
femur, tibia, fibula, clavicle, humerus, radius, ulna, metaca…
Tarsals, carpals
Axial skeleton
skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
Appendicular skeleton
shoulder girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs
46 terms
"The Skeletal System" Anatomy & Physiology
Skeletal system
Axial system
Appendicular skeleton
Skull
Is composed of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons. Provi…
Supports the core of the body. Consists of the spine, rib cag…
Upper and lower appendages. Consists of feet, ankles, legs, k…
Several bones coming together in embryo to form the cranium.…
Skeletal system
Is composed of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons. Provi…
Axial system
Supports the core of the body. Consists of the spine, rib cag…
9 terms
Medical Anatomy/Physiology (skeletal system)
Cranium
Clavicle
Sternum
Scapula
the part that encloses the brain
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
a compound ventral bone or cartilage of most vertebrates othe…
either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each…
Cranium
the part that encloses the brain
Clavicle
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Parts of the bone
Subdivisions of the skeleton
Functions of the bones
Adult skeleton has _____ bones
Bones, Joint, Cartilage, Ligaments
Axial Skeleton and Appendicular Skeleton
Support the Body; Protect Soft Organs; Allow Movement Due to…
206
Parts of the bone
Bones, Joint, Cartilage, Ligaments
Subdivisions of the skeleton
Axial Skeleton and Appendicular Skeleton
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of The Skeletal System
acetylcholene
prime mover
fascicle
apeneuroses
the neurotransmitter for skeletal muscle
the major muscle involved in movement
bundle of muscle fibers
a sheet-like tendon
acetylcholene
the neurotransmitter for skeletal muscle
prime mover
the major muscle involved in movement
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
List the 4 main parts of the skeletal…
List the two major divisions of the sk…
What are the 5 main functions of bones?
How many bones make up the human skele…
1. Bones... 2. Joints... 3. Cartilages... 4. Ligaments
Axial & Appendicular
1. Support the body... 2. Protection of soft organs... 3. Movement…
206
List the 4 main parts of the skeletal…
1. Bones... 2. Joints... 3. Cartilages... 4. Ligaments
List the two major divisions of the sk…
Axial & Appendicular
26 terms
The Skeletal System- Anatomy and Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Skeletal System
Osteon
Skull, thoracic cage, vertebrae
Limbs, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle
Bones, joints, ligaments, cartilage
Unit of bone containing central canal and matrix rings
Axial Skeleton
Skull, thoracic cage, vertebrae
Appendicular Skeleton
Limbs, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle
121 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Identify the functions of the skeletal…
What does bone Support mean?
What is a specific case of Bone protec…
What does bone movement mean?
1) Support: ... 2) Protection:... 3) Movement... 4) Mineral and Growth…
Provide Framework that supports body and cradles its soft org…
The fused bones of the skull protect the brain
Skeletal muscles, which attach to bones by tendons, use bones…
Identify the functions of the skeletal…
1) Support: ... 2) Protection:... 3) Movement... 4) Mineral and Growth…
What does bone Support mean?
Provide Framework that supports body and cradles its soft org…
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
what are the three parts of the hip
what is the acetabulum?
differentiate between a male and femal…
what is the function of the bone?
ilium, pubis, ischium
compression in bone (hip) where hip articulates to femur
female- broader and wider so that a fetus can pass through
to support and protect the body
what are the three parts of the hip
ilium, pubis, ischium
what is the acetabulum?
compression in bone (hip) where hip articulates to femur
4 of 10