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Study sets matching "skin hair nail"

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Study sets matching "skin hair nail"

72 terms
Anatomy: Skin + Hair + Nail
Function of Skin
Name the skin layers
Epidermis
Name 4 principle cells of the Epidermis
- regulate body temperature... - serves as a blood reservoir ... -
- Epidermis... -Dermis... - Hypodermis
thickest layer... keratinized stratified columnar
-Keratinocytes... - Melanocytes... -Langerhans cells... -Merkel Cells
Function of Skin
- regulate body temperature... - serves as a blood reservoir ... -
Name the skin layers
- Epidermis... -Dermis... - Hypodermis
Hair, Skin, and Nails quiz
wheals
macule
papule
pustule
wheals
macule
26 terms
Skin/hair/nail model
Thick Skin
Thin Skin
Arrector Pili
Hair Bulb
Thick Skin
Thin Skin
79 terms
Skin, hair, and Nails
Annular Lesion
Confluent Lesion
Discrete Lesion
Gyrate Lesion
Annular Lesion
Confluent Lesion
Conditions of skin, hair, and nails
Interigo
Impetigo
Eczema
Measles
Aka candidiasis; scalding red, moist patches with sharply dem…
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules t…
A type of dermatitis, an inflammatory, relapsing, non-contagi…
Aka rubeola; A highly contagious viral infection usually seen…
Interigo
Aka candidiasis; scalding red, moist patches with sharply dem…
Impetigo
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules t…
72 terms
Anatomy: Skin + Hair + Nail
Function of Skin
Name the skin layers
Epidermis
Name 4 principle cells of the Epidermis
- regulate body temperature... - serves as a blood reservoir ... -
- Epidermis... -Dermis... - Hypodermis
thickest layer... keratinized stratified columnar
-Keratinocytes... - Melanocytes... -Langerhans cells... -Merkel Cells
Function of Skin
- regulate body temperature... - serves as a blood reservoir ... -
Name the skin layers
- Epidermis... -Dermis... - Hypodermis
Health Assessment Skin, Hair, Nails
macule (Primary lesion)
Patch (Primary Lesion)
Papule (Primary Lesion)
Plaque (Primary lesion)
Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1…
Macule's that are larger than 1 cm. Examples: Mongolian spot,…
Something you can feel (solid, elevated, circumscribed, less…
Papules coalesce to form surface elevation wider than 1 cm. A…
macule (Primary lesion)
Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1…
Patch (Primary Lesion)
Macule's that are larger than 1 cm. Examples: Mongolian spot,…
Skin, Hair, and Nails
At birth Newborns skin is typically co…
Many harmless skin markings are common…
gray, blue, or purple spots in the sac…
the fine downy hair of a newborn is ca…
vernix caseosa (a white, cheeselike mixture of sebum and epid…
milia (due to sebum that collects in the openings or hair fol…
mongolian spots.
lanugo
At birth Newborns skin is typically co…
vernix caseosa (a white, cheeselike mixture of sebum and epid…
Many harmless skin markings are common…
milia (due to sebum that collects in the openings or hair fol…
39 terms
SKIN/HAIR/NAILS
Primary Skin lesion: Macule
Primary Skin lesion: Patch
Primary Skin lesion: Papule
Primary Skin lesion: Plaque
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Primary Skin lesion: Macule
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Primary Skin lesion: Patch
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
33 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nail Vocabulary
Alopecia
Annular
Bulla
Confluent
Baldness, hair loss
Circular shaped skin lesion
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm in dia…
Skin lesions that run together
Alopecia
Baldness, hair loss
Annular
Circular shaped skin lesion
68 terms
Skin, Hair, & Nail Morphology
Pts to describe w/ skin lesions
BROWN skin lesion
GRAYish/TAN/BRONZE skin lesion
BLUE skin lesion
- Color... - Shape... - Size... - Margination... - Number... - Distribution…
Melanin deposition (sun, pregnancy, hormonal)
Melanin & hemosiderin deposition
↑ deoxyhemoglobin
Pts to describe w/ skin lesions
- Color... - Shape... - Size... - Margination... - Number... - Distribution…
BROWN skin lesion
Melanin deposition (sun, pregnancy, hormonal)
19 terms
Skin, Hair, Nail Assessment
Color, symmetry, uniform appearance... Co…
Cyanotic nail beds
Jaundice
Erythema
What do you assess in skin?
Not enough blood flow, vasoconstriction
Yellow skin
Redness
Color, symmetry, uniform appearance... Co…
What do you assess in skin?
Cyanotic nail beds
Not enough blood flow, vasoconstriction
13 terms
Skin, Hair, & Nail objectives
Appendages of the skin
ABCDEs for melanoma
Basal Cell carcinoma: general
Basal Cell carcinoma: clinically
Hair... Nails... Sebaceous glands... Eccrine sweat glands... Apocrine swe…
A-Asymmetry of one side compared to other... B-irregular Border,…
-Most common skin CA... -death rare b/c usually stays local... -Sun…
pearly--waxy papule, bleeds easy, central crater w/ rolled bo…
Appendages of the skin
Hair... Nails... Sebaceous glands... Eccrine sweat glands... Apocrine swe…
ABCDEs for melanoma
A-Asymmetry of one side compared to other... B-irregular Border,…
74 terms
Hair, Skin and Nails PICTURES
erythema infectiosum
erythema migrans
cherry angioma
tinea versicolor
erythema infectiosum
erythema migrans
85 terms
skin, hair, nail descriptors
2 types of hair
what is and where is vellus hair located
what is and where is terminal hair loc…
know where these are: nail plate, lunu…
vellus hair... terminal hair
short and fine; inconspicuous. found on the abdomen, etc
coarse & pigmented... scalp, eyebrows
...
2 types of hair
vellus hair... terminal hair
what is and where is vellus hair located
short and fine; inconspicuous. found on the abdomen, etc
16 terms
Skin, Hair, and nails terminology
alopecia
cyanosis
Dehiscence
Diaphoresis
balding on head
deoxygenated hemoglobin, on dark skin check conjunctivae, ora…
surgical complication in which a wound ruptures along a surgi…
profuse sweating
alopecia
balding on head
cyanosis
deoxygenated hemoglobin, on dark skin check conjunctivae, ora…
22 terms
Skin, Hair , Nail Worksheet
An intense redness of the skin due to…
A bluish, mottled color that signifies…
Nevus
Small, flat macules of brown melanin p…
Erythema
Cyanosis
AKA Mole
Freckles
An intense redness of the skin due to…
Erythema
A bluish, mottled color that signifies…
Cyanosis
69 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails
3 Layers of Skin (most to least superf…
Epidermis
Basal Cell Layer
Keratin
Epidermis, Dermis, SubQ
Protection, Avascular
forms new skin cells
tough, fibrous protein of epidermal cells
3 Layers of Skin (most to least superf…
Epidermis, Dermis, SubQ
Epidermis
Protection, Avascular
79 terms
Assessment: Skin, Hair, Nails
Seborrhea
Xerosis
Pruritus
Alopecia
Oily
Dry
Itching. #1 skin condition
significant hair loss
Seborrhea
Oily
Xerosis
Dry
55 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails Unit
ABCDE
Acne
Acrochordons
Acrocyanosis
Danger signs of pigmented lesions: Asymmetry, Border, Color,…
Most common skin problem of adolescence consists of open come…
Overgrowth of normal skin that form a stalk and are polyp-lik…
A bluish color seen in infants around the lips, hands, finger…
ABCDE
Danger signs of pigmented lesions: Asymmetry, Border, Color,…
Acne
Most common skin problem of adolescence consists of open come…
56 terms
skin hair and nail abnormalities
vitiligo
pallor
Erythema
Cyanosis
an acquired condition that is the complete absence of melanin…
unhealthy pale appearance. when the red pink tones from the o…
intense redness of the skin is from excess blood {hyperemia}…
this is a bluish mottled color from decreased perfusion, the…
vitiligo
an acquired condition that is the complete absence of melanin…
pallor
unhealthy pale appearance. when the red pink tones from the o…
75 terms
ASMT Skin, Hair, and Nails
cafe au lait
Cafe au lait
tinea versicolor
Tinea versicolor
macule. irregular border. benign. usually less than 1.5 cm
fungal infection. hypo/hyper-pigmented "versicolor". slightly…
cafe au lait
Cafe au lait
macule. irregular border. benign. usually less than 1.5 cm
12 terms
Teeth, Skin, Hair and Nails
flouride
plaque
tartar
pores
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
hardened plaque that hurts gum health
tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape
flouride
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
plaque
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
12 terms
Teeth, Skin, Hair and Nails
flouride
plaque
tartar
pores
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
hardened plaque that hurts gum health
tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape
flouride
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
plaque
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
29 terms
Nail, Hair, and Glands of the Skin
Free Edge of Nail
Nail Bed
Lunule
Cuticle
Free Edge of Nail
Nail Bed
84 terms
Skin Hair and Nails
epidermis
Dermis
hypodermis
eccrine glands
stratum corneum - and celular stratum where the keratinocytes…
has the hair follicle , ANS provides nourishment for the epid…
has the subcutaneous nlayer fatty cells
sweat for body temp regulation
epidermis
stratum corneum - and celular stratum where the keratinocytes…
Dermis
has the hair follicle , ANS provides nourishment for the epid…
15 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
hair follicle
outer layer of skin
-second layer of skin
Bottom layer of skin
Sac within which each hair grows.
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dermis
-second layer of skin
15 terms
Nail, Hair, and Glands of the Skin
Free Edge of Nail
Nail Bed
Lunule
Cuticle
Free Edge of Nail
Nail Bed
90 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
(A) Patch (café-au-lait spots), (B) no…
Wheals (urticaria) in a drug eruption…
(A) Vesicle, (B) pustule, (C) erosions…
Kaposi's sarcoma in AIDS: This maligna…
(A) Patch (café-au-lait spots), (B) no…
Wheals (urticaria) in a drug eruption…
193 terms
Skin, Hair and Nail Exam
7 Functions of the skin
3 Layers of Skin... (State where each is…
What is the heaviest single organ of t…
Functions of epidermis... (2)
1) Protects against infections... 2) Prevents loss of body fluid…
1) Hypodermis/subcutaneous tissue-innermost... 2) Dermis- middle…
Skin (accounts for 16% of body weight)
-Protects body from infection... -Seals in moisture
7 Functions of the skin
1) Protects against infections... 2) Prevents loss of body fluid…
3 Layers of Skin... (State where each is…
1) Hypodermis/subcutaneous tissue-innermost... 2) Dermis- middle…
154 terms
6. Skin, Hair, and Nails
Epidermis
Dermis
What are the 3 Main Glands found in th…
Eccrine Glands
outer layer... -avascular (a superficial epidermal cut won't b…
inner layer ... -contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood ves…
1. Eccrine Glands... 2. Apocrine Glands... 3. Sebaceous Glands
• Produces sweat/perspiration (saline) ... • Matures at 2 months…
Epidermis
outer layer... -avascular (a superficial epidermal cut won't b…
Dermis
inner layer ... -contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood ves…
44 terms
Skin, hair, nails
Which diagnostic modalities are used t…
Demonstrate and identify the 6 charact…
Age spots are also called?
The most common inflammatory skin cond…
Inspection and palpation
#1 The first characteristic is color, which can vary from dar…
Solar lentigines are irregular, round, gray-brown macules wit…
contact dermatitis (e.g. washing hands too much makes them ch…
Which diagnostic modalities are used t…
Inspection and palpation
Demonstrate and identify the 6 charact…
#1 The first characteristic is color, which can vary from dar…
57 terms
Skin/Hair/Nails
Central Cyanosis
Peripheral Cyanosis
HARMM
ABCDE
Lips turn blue due to lack of oxygen
Clubbing of nails due to lack of oxygen; turn blue
For Melanoma; History of melanoma, age over 50, regular derma…
Asymmetry... Borders Irregular... Change in color (esp. blue or bla…
Central Cyanosis
Lips turn blue due to lack of oxygen
Peripheral Cyanosis
Clubbing of nails due to lack of oxygen; turn blue
Hair, skin, and nails
skin
functions of the skin
epidermis
dermis
largest organ; covers 20 sq ft. in the average person
-> protection: prevents injury, impermeable to bacteria, stop…
outer layer, melanocytes (gives skin color)
supportive layer of connective tissue or collagen, contain sk…
skin
largest organ; covers 20 sq ft. in the average person
functions of the skin
-> protection: prevents injury, impermeable to bacteria, stop…
41 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
Jaundice
Erythema
Cyanosis
Pallor
Characterized by yellowing of the conjunctiva
Inflammation
Purple or blue fingers, sign of poor circulation
Different colors in skin
Jaundice
Characterized by yellowing of the conjunctiva
Erythema
Inflammation
70 terms
Skin, Hair and Nails
What are the functions of the skin?
Major functions of the skin
structure: skin
Epidermis
-Keeps moisture in & foreign matter out... -Touch/sensory percep…
Communication - facial expressions, blushing, blanching... Woun…
Our largest organ system!... Covers 20 square feet of surface ar…
inner basal cell layer ... horny cell layer
What are the functions of the skin?
-Keeps moisture in & foreign matter out... -Touch/sensory percep…
Major functions of the skin
Communication - facial expressions, blushing, blanching... Woun…
38 terms
Hair Skin and Nails
androgenic alopecia
Treatment for androgenic alopecia
Telogen effluvium
Alopecia Areata
male and female patterned baldness ... male- frontal recession-…
Minoxidil- Rogaine 2% or 5%... Finasteride- tablet (inhibits 5 a…
stressful even disrupts the normal hair cycle ... terminal hairs…
round or oval non-scarring patches of hair loss ... thought that…
androgenic alopecia
male and female patterned baldness ... male- frontal recession-…
Treatment for androgenic alopecia
Minoxidil- Rogaine 2% or 5%... Finasteride- tablet (inhibits 5 a…
98 terms
Skin, Hair, & Nails
skin
what are the 2 layers of skin?
epidermis
basal cell layer:
what is the largest organ in the body
epidermis and dermis
is thin but tough... is the outer, highly differentiated ______…
forms new skin cells... their major ingredient is the tough, fi…
skin
what is the largest organ in the body
what are the 2 layers of skin?
epidermis and dermis
61 terms
Hair, Skin, and Nails
Epidermis
Basal cell layer
Horny cell layer
Dermis
thin, cells bound tight together into sheets; avascular
in epidermis, forms new skin cells; has keratin and melanin
in epidermis; above basal cell layer; has dead keratinized ce…
inner layer; mostly connective tissue/collagen; has elastic t…
Epidermis
thin, cells bound tight together into sheets; avascular
Basal cell layer
in epidermis, forms new skin cells; has keratin and melanin
41 terms
314 skin, hair, & nails
Palpate skin for
Epidermis
Chloasma (melasma)
Linea nigra
temperature, moisture, texture, thickness, edema, turgor, pain
-outermost layer... -stratified squamous epithelium... -Keratinocyt…
-darker pigmentation of forehead, nose, and cheeks ... - common…
-darkened line from umbilicus to symphysis pubis due to migra…
Palpate skin for
temperature, moisture, texture, thickness, edema, turgor, pain
Epidermis
-outermost layer... -stratified squamous epithelium... -Keratinocyt…
19 terms
HairSkinNails
layers of skin
epidermal appendages
structure and function of skin
subjective skin data
Epidermis: outer highly differentiated layer... Basal cell layer…
Structures formed by tubular invagination of epidermis down i…
waterproof, protective, adaptive, Protection from environment…
Past history of skin disease, allergies, hives, psoriasis, or…
layers of skin
Epidermis: outer highly differentiated layer... Basal cell layer…
epidermal appendages
Structures formed by tubular invagination of epidermis down i…
37 terms
skin, hair, nails
skin layers
fucnctions of skin
ecchymosis
petechiae
epidermis... dermis: blood supply, sebaceous gland... subcutaneous…
protect against infection... prevent loss of body fluids... produce…
bruise
little red spots
skin layers
epidermis... dermis: blood supply, sebaceous gland... subcutaneous…
fucnctions of skin
protect against infection... prevent loss of body fluids... produce…
61 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails
Melanin
Carotene
Vascular bed
Vellus hair
Brown color in skin
Yellow-orange color in skin
red/purple color under skin
fine hairs over majority of body surface
Melanin
Brown color in skin
Carotene
Yellow-orange color in skin
21 terms
Hair, Skin, and Nails
Melanin
Carotene
Oxyhemoglobin
Deoxyhemoglobin
Brown, genetically determined, increases with exposure to sun…
yellow pigment in fat
causes reddening of skin (opposite induces pallor)
bluish "cast" to skin, cyanosis
Melanin
Brown, genetically determined, increases with exposure to sun…
Carotene
yellow pigment in fat
28 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
alopecia
annular
bulla
confluent
baldness, hair loss
circular shape to skin lesion
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm in dia…
skin lesions that run together
alopecia
baldness, hair loss
annular
circular shape to skin lesion
77 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails Assessment
Functions of skin
epidermis
dermis
sub Q tissue
1. protect organs within ... 2. regulate temperature... 3. barrier…
- outer most layer of skin... - protection ... - avascular (does no…
- connective tissue ... - made up of collagen = elasticity ... - co…
- innermost layer ... - made up of adipose tissue (fatty cells)
Functions of skin
1. protect organs within ... 2. regulate temperature... 3. barrier…
epidermis
- outer most layer of skin... - protection ... - avascular (does no…
29 terms
517 Skin, hair, nails
Patch
Nodule
Wheal
Macule
Large discolored section of skin
elevated firm circumscribed palpable deeper in dermis than pa…
Red, swollen mark left on flesh. Temporarily raised and typic…
Flat, distinct, discolored area of skin less than 1cm wide
Patch
Large discolored section of skin
Nodule
elevated firm circumscribed palpable deeper in dermis than pa…
106 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
Skin
Function of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Largest organ in body... Adapts and guards body from environment…
-To protect all other organs... -Prevent penetration... -Barrier fo…
Thin, tough layer that forms a protective barrier.... -Basal cel…
Inner layer of CT ... -Collagen, Elasticity... -Sensory Nerve fiber…
Skin
Largest organ in body... Adapts and guards body from environment…
Function of skin
-To protect all other organs... -Prevent penetration... -Barrier fo…
87 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails, Wounds
Inspect skin
palpate skin
inspect hair
Inspect fingernails and toenails
on each body area... - to collect data on color, wounds, rashes…
to assess temperature, turgor, vascularity
to look for lesions, infestation
to assess for hygiene, circulation, clubbing
Inspect skin
on each body area... - to collect data on color, wounds, rashes…
palpate skin
to assess temperature, turgor, vascularity
40 terms
skin, hair, nails
paronychia
clubbing of fingers
onycholysis
pitting of nails
Superficial infection of proximal and lateral nail folds. RED…
THINK CANCER AND CHRONIC DISEASE
painless separation of whitened opaque nail plaqe from nail b…
Psoriasis, sarcoidosis, Reiter's syndrome
paronychia
Superficial infection of proximal and lateral nail folds. RED…
clubbing of fingers
THINK CANCER AND CHRONIC DISEASE
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