Study sets matching "skin hair nails"

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Study sets matching "skin hair nails"

79 terms
Skin, hair, and Nails
Annular Lesion
Confluent Lesion
Discrete Lesion
Gyrate Lesion
Annular Lesion
Confluent Lesion
Health Assessment Skin, Hair, Nails
macule (Primary lesion)
Patch (Primary Lesion)
Papule (Primary Lesion)
Plaque (Primary lesion)
Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1…
Macule's that are larger than 1 cm. Examples: Mongolian spot,…
Something you can feel (solid, elevated, circumscribed, less…
Papules coalesce to form surface elevation wider than 1 cm. A…
macule (Primary lesion)
Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1…
Patch (Primary Lesion)
Macule's that are larger than 1 cm. Examples: Mongolian spot,…
Conditions of skin, hair, and nails
Interigo
Impetigo
Eczema
Measles
Aka candidiasis; scalding red, moist patches with sharply dem…
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules t…
A type of dermatitis, an inflammatory, relapsing, non-contagi…
Aka rubeola; A highly contagious viral infection usually seen…
Interigo
Aka candidiasis; scalding red, moist patches with sharply dem…
Impetigo
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules t…
Skin, Hair, and Nails
At birth Newborns skin is typically co…
Many harmless skin markings are common…
gray, blue, or purple spots in the sac…
the fine downy hair of a newborn is ca…
vernix caseosa (a white, cheeselike mixture of sebum and epid…
milia (due to sebum that collects in the openings or hair fol…
mongolian spots.
lanugo
At birth Newborns skin is typically co…
vernix caseosa (a white, cheeselike mixture of sebum and epid…
Many harmless skin markings are common…
milia (due to sebum that collects in the openings or hair fol…
Hair, Skin, and Nails quiz
wheals
macule
papule
pustule
wheals
macule
69 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails
3 Layers of Skin (most to least superf…
Epidermis
Basal Cell Layer
Keratin
Epidermis, Dermis, SubQ
Protection, Avascular
forms new skin cells
tough, fibrous protein of epidermal cells
3 Layers of Skin (most to least superf…
Epidermis, Dermis, SubQ
Epidermis
Protection, Avascular
56 terms
SKIN/HAIR/NAILS TERMS
Primary Skin lesion: Macule
Primary Skin lesion: Petechiae
Primary Skin lesion: Patch
Primary Skin lesion: Papule
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Nonblanching purple spots< 2 mm in diameter, Flat
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Primary Skin lesion: Macule
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Primary Skin lesion: Petechiae
Nonblanching purple spots< 2 mm in diameter, Flat
Assessment: Skin, Hair, Nails
Seborrhea
Xerosis
Pruritus
Alopecia
Oily
Dry
Itching. #1 skin condition
significant hair loss
Seborrhea
Oily
Xerosis
Dry
84 terms
Skin Hair and Nails
epidermis
Dermis
hypodermis
eccrine glands
stratum corneum - and celular stratum where the keratinocytes…
has the hair follicle , ANS provides nourishment for the epid…
has the subcutaneous nlayer fatty cells
sweat for body temp regulation
epidermis
stratum corneum - and celular stratum where the keratinocytes…
Dermis
has the hair follicle , ANS provides nourishment for the epid…
16 terms
Skin, Hair, and nails terminology
alopecia
cyanosis
Dehiscence
Diaphoresis
balding on head
deoxygenated hemoglobin, on dark skin check conjunctivae, ora…
surgical complication in which a wound ruptures along a surgi…
profuse sweating
alopecia
balding on head
cyanosis
deoxygenated hemoglobin, on dark skin check conjunctivae, ora…
44 terms
Skin, hair, nails
Which diagnostic modalities are used t…
Demonstrate and identify the 6 charact…
Age spots are also called?
The most common inflammatory skin cond…
Inspection and palpation
#1 The first characteristic is color, which can vary from dar…
Solar lentigines are irregular, round, gray-brown macules wit…
contact dermatitis (e.g. washing hands too much makes them ch…
Which diagnostic modalities are used t…
Inspection and palpation
Demonstrate and identify the 6 charact…
#1 The first characteristic is color, which can vary from dar…
55 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails Unit
ABCDE
Acne
Acrochordons
Acrocyanosis
Danger signs of pigmented lesions: Asymmetry, Border, Color,…
Most common skin problem of adolescence consists of open come…
Overgrowth of normal skin that form a stalk and are polyp-lik…
A bluish color seen in infants around the lips, hands, finger…
ABCDE
Danger signs of pigmented lesions: Asymmetry, Border, Color,…
Acne
Most common skin problem of adolescence consists of open come…
57 terms
Skin/Hair/Nails
Central Cyanosis
Peripheral Cyanosis
HARMM
ABCDE
Lips turn blue due to lack of oxygen
Clubbing of nails due to lack of oxygen; turn blue
For Melanoma; History of melanoma, age over 50, regular derma…
Asymmetry... Borders Irregular... Change in color (esp. blue or bla…
Central Cyanosis
Lips turn blue due to lack of oxygen
Peripheral Cyanosis
Clubbing of nails due to lack of oxygen; turn blue
Hair, skin, and nails
skin
functions of the skin
epidermis
dermis
largest organ; covers 20 sq ft. in the average person
-> protection: prevents injury, impermeable to bacteria, stop…
outer layer, melanocytes (gives skin color)
supportive layer of connective tissue or collagen, contain sk…
skin
largest organ; covers 20 sq ft. in the average person
functions of the skin
-> protection: prevents injury, impermeable to bacteria, stop…
154 terms
6. Skin, Hair, and Nails
Epidermis
Dermis
What are the 3 Main Glands found in th…
Eccrine Glands
outer layer... -avascular (a superficial epidermal cut won't b…
inner layer ... -contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood ves…
1. Eccrine Glands... 2. Apocrine Glands... 3. Sebaceous Glands
• Produces sweat/perspiration (saline) ... • Matures at 2 months…
Epidermis
outer layer... -avascular (a superficial epidermal cut won't b…
Dermis
inner layer ... -contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood ves…
Skin, Hair, and Nails
Jaundice
Erythema
Cyanosis
Pallor
Characterized by yellowing of the conjunctiva
Inflammation
Purple or blue fingers, sign of poor circulation
Different colors in skin
Jaundice
Characterized by yellowing of the conjunctiva
Erythema
Inflammation
15 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
hair follicle
outer layer of skin
-second layer of skin
Bottom layer of skin
Sac within which each hair grows.
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dermis
-second layer of skin
75 terms
ASMT Skin, Hair, and Nails
cafe au lait
Cafe au lait
tinea versicolor
Tinea versicolor
macule. irregular border. benign. usually less than 1.5 cm
fungal infection. hypo/hyper-pigmented "versicolor". slightly…
cafe au lait
Cafe au lait
macule. irregular border. benign. usually less than 1.5 cm
Skin, hair and nails
Target
Gyrate
Grouped
Linear
In a target like shape
snake like shape
a lot of little lesions really close together in one area
a lesion that is straight
Target
In a target like shape
Gyrate
snake like shape
132 terms
Hair, Skin and Nails
what accounts for the most skin cancer…
what accounts for the most skin cancer…
what is the deepest layer of the epide…
where do you not find sebaceous glands
melanoma
basal cell carcinoma
stratum basale
palms and soles
what accounts for the most skin cancer…
melanoma
what accounts for the most skin cancer…
basal cell carcinoma
12 terms
Teeth, Skin, Hair and Nails
flouride
plaque
tartar
pores
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
hardened plaque that hurts gum health
tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape
flouride
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
plaque
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
12 terms
Teeth, Skin, Hair and Nails
flouride
plaque
tartar
pores
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
hardened plaque that hurts gum health
tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape
flouride
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
plaque
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
Skin, Hair, & Nails
"insitu"
when doing a general examination, you…
when doing a general examination, you…
when measuring size...
only in epidermis
color, complexion, lesions
moisture, temp, texture, turgor
measure in 2 directions in METRIC
"insitu"
only in epidermis
when doing a general examination, you…
color, complexion, lesions
Skin, hair, nails
True
False
True
F
1. The basal cell layer is known as the stratum germinativum
2. Milia are commonly found on oily, greasy skin
3. Impetigo is a contagious bacterial infection
4. Protection is a function of the skin
True
1. The basal cell layer is known as the stratum germinativum
False
2. Milia are commonly found on oily, greasy skin
Chapter 13: Skin, Hair, and Nails
alopecia areata
apocrine glands
chloasma
cuticle
sudden patchy or complete loss of body hair for unknown cause…
glands in the axillary and anogenital regions that are dorman…
"Mask of pregnancy", Patchy brown skin discoloration, often t…
a fold of epidermal skin along the base of the nail that prot…
alopecia areata
sudden patchy or complete loss of body hair for unknown cause…
apocrine glands
glands in the axillary and anogenital regions that are dorman…
74 terms
Hair, Skin and Nails PICTURES
erythema infectiosum
erythema migrans
cherry angioma
tinea versicolor
erythema infectiosum
erythema migrans
109 terms
Skin, Hair and Nails
Anatomy and Physiology of Skin
Primary functions of the skin
Epidermis
Keratinization
- largest organ of the body... - first line of defense... - produce…
- protects the body... - protects internal structures... - retain b…
- thin outermost layer... - avascular
causing cells to become flat, hard and waterproof
Anatomy and Physiology of Skin
- largest organ of the body... - first line of defense... - produce…
Primary functions of the skin
- protects the body... - protects internal structures... - retain b…
140 terms
Skin, Hair, & Nails Vocabulary
Subcutaneous Tissue
Epidermis
Dermis
Basal Cell Layer
Layer of skin containing adipose tissue, which provides energ…
Thin, outer layer of the skin that forms a rugged protective…
Inner, supportive layer of skin made of mostly collagen. Enab…
Located in the epidermis, forms new skin cells made from kera…
Subcutaneous Tissue
Layer of skin containing adipose tissue, which provides energ…
Epidermis
Thin, outer layer of the skin that forms a rugged protective…
42 terms
Skin, Hair and Nails
What is keratinization?
How do blood vessels regulate body tem…
What classifies as an appendage?
What questions would you ask when asse…
as new cells are produced, they push older cells toward skin…
they dilate and constrict in response to heat and cold, and t…
structure formed at junction of epidermis and dermis
Where is the wound located? ... How long have you had the wound?…
What is keratinization?
as new cells are produced, they push older cells toward skin…
How do blood vessels regulate body tem…
they dilate and constrict in response to heat and cold, and t…
37 terms
Skin, Hair and Nails
Annular
Confluent
Dermatomal
Furuncle
lesion that forms a ring around a clear center of normal skin
lesions that run together
lesion that follows a nerve or segment of the body
deep-seated infection of the pilosebaceous unit
Annular
lesion that forms a ring around a clear center of normal skin
Confluent
lesions that run together
90 terms
Skin, hair, and nails
Acrocyanosis
Alopecia
Alopecia areata
Annular
A bluish discoloration of the hands and feet; may be present…
Hair loss
Patchy, non-scarring, asymmetric hair loss occurring in sharp…
Shaped like a ring; used to describe a lesion that forms arou…
Acrocyanosis
A bluish discoloration of the hands and feet; may be present…
Alopecia
Hair loss
45 terms
Assessment: Hair, Skin, & Nails
Inspection of Skin
Palpation of Skin
Inspection of Hair & Scalp
Assessment of Nails
PI-OO-II (P-I-N-G-O: Bingo dog song ending, dogs inspect skin…
I'D APPP IPP ("I'd tap it")... Tempt Me To Thank Ellie's Little…
I Oc Oc At ODist IL... 1. Instruct... 2. Observe (cleanliness)... 3.…
In A Hyper Insect's Pink Underwear, A Caterpillar Insists Pla…
Inspection of Skin
PI-OO-II (P-I-N-G-O: Bingo dog song ending, dogs inspect skin…
Palpation of Skin
I'D APPP IPP ("I'd tap it")... Tempt Me To Thank Ellie's Little…
52 terms
HA- hair, skin, and nails
pustule
vesicle
bulla
wheal
(acne, impetigo) pus-filled; ELEVATED
(varicella, shingles) fluid-filled; ELEVATED
bubble-like cavity filled with air or fluid; ELEVATED
(bug bite) superficial; NO FLUID; redness; RAISED
pustule
(acne, impetigo) pus-filled; ELEVATED
vesicle
(varicella, shingles) fluid-filled; ELEVATED
94 terms
Skin, Hair & Nails
Abrasion
Acanthosis nigricans
Acrochordon
Asteatosis
An injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or…
Velvety, benign dark to black growths on the skin of the neck…
Skin tag; a benign growth that hangs from a short stalk, comm…
Condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence o…
Abrasion
An injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or…
Acanthosis nigricans
Velvety, benign dark to black growths on the skin of the neck…
Skin, Hair, Nails
(A) Patch (café-au-lait spots), (B) no…
Wheals (urticaria) in a drug eruption…
(A) Vesicle, (B) pustule, (C) erosions…
Kaposi's sarcoma in AIDS: This maligna…
(A) Patch (café-au-lait spots), (B) no…
Wheals (urticaria) in a drug eruption…
62 terms
Skin, Hair and Nails
grayish-blue tone, especially in nail…
ashen-gray color most easily seen in t…
dark red, purple, yellow or green colo…
deeper bluish or black tone; difficult…
Cyanosis (light skin)
Cyanosis (dark skin)
Ecchymosis- bruise (light skin)
Ecchymosis- bruise (dark skin)
grayish-blue tone, especially in nail…
Cyanosis (light skin)
ashen-gray color most easily seen in t…
Cyanosis (dark skin)
19 terms
Skin Hair and Nails
Hypoxia
Atrophy
Dysplasia
Hypertrophy
deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.
breakdown of tissue due to disuse. Wasting away. Due to disus…
an increase in the number of cells of an abnormal type. Devel…
the enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in si…
Hypoxia
deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.
Atrophy
breakdown of tissue due to disuse. Wasting away. Due to disus…
Hair Skin and Nails
androgenic alopecia
Treatment for androgenic alopecia
Telogen effluvium
Alopecia Areata
male and female patterned baldness ... male- frontal recession-…
Minoxidil- Rogaine 2% or 5%... Finasteride- tablet (inhibits 5 a…
stressful even disrupts the normal hair cycle ... terminal hairs…
round or oval non-scarring patches of hair loss ... thought that…
androgenic alopecia
male and female patterned baldness ... male- frontal recession-…
Treatment for androgenic alopecia
Minoxidil- Rogaine 2% or 5%... Finasteride- tablet (inhibits 5 a…
Hair, Skin, and Nails
What are the layers of the skin?
Eccrine Gland
Apocrine Glands
Sebaceous glands
Epidermis, Dermis, and Subcutaneous Tissue
type of sweat gland contained within the dermis and produces…
sweat glands that open into hair follicles and secrete fluid…
create sebum that lubricates skin and nails and is concentrat…
What are the layers of the skin?
Epidermis, Dermis, and Subcutaneous Tissue
Eccrine Gland
type of sweat gland contained within the dermis and produces…
Hair, Skin, Nails
Melanin
Carotene
Vascular bed
Vellus hair
Brown color in skin
Yellow-orange color in skin
red/purple color under skin
fine hairs over majority of body surface
Melanin
Brown color in skin
Carotene
Yellow-orange color in skin
41 terms
314 skin, hair, & nails
Palpate skin for
Epidermis
Chloasma (melasma)
Linea nigra
temperature, moisture, texture, thickness, edema, turgor, pain
-outermost layer... -stratified squamous epithelium... -Keratinocyt…
-darker pigmentation of forehead, nose, and cheeks ... - common…
-darkened line from umbilicus to symphysis pubis due to migra…
Palpate skin for
temperature, moisture, texture, thickness, edema, turgor, pain
Epidermis
-outermost layer... -stratified squamous epithelium... -Keratinocyt…
19 terms
HairSkinNails
layers of skin
epidermal appendages
structure and function of skin
subjective skin data
Epidermis: outer highly differentiated layer... Basal cell layer…
Structures formed by tubular invagination of epidermis down i…
waterproof, protective, adaptive, Protection from environment…
Past history of skin disease, allergies, hives, psoriasis, or…
layers of skin
Epidermis: outer highly differentiated layer... Basal cell layer…
epidermal appendages
Structures formed by tubular invagination of epidermis down i…
28 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
alopecia
annular
bulla
confluent
baldness, hair loss
circular shape to skin lesion
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm in dia…
skin lesions that run together
alopecia
baldness, hair loss
annular
circular shape to skin lesion
Nursing Skin Hair and Nails
Epidermis
Dermis
Subcutaneous Tissue
Functions of the Skin
Contains melanin, capillary blood flow and collagen
Blood supply, sebaceous glands and sweat glands
Blood supply, fat, nerves, sweat gland, hair follicles
1. Protects Against Infection... 2. Prevents Loss of Body Fluids…
Epidermis
Contains melanin, capillary blood flow and collagen
Dermis
Blood supply, sebaceous glands and sweat glands
Hair, Skin, and Nails
Melanin
Carotene
Oxyhemoglobin
Deoxyhemoglobin
Brown, genetically determined, increases with exposure to sun…
yellow pigment in fat
causes reddening of skin (opposite induces pallor)
bluish "cast" to skin, cyanosis
Melanin
Brown, genetically determined, increases with exposure to sun…
Carotene
yellow pigment in fat
skin, hair, nails
paronychia
clubbing of fingers
onycholysis
pitting of nails
Superficial infection of proximal and lateral nail folds. RED…
THINK CANCER AND CHRONIC DISEASE
painless separation of whitened opaque nail plaqe from nail b…
Psoriasis, sarcoidosis, Reiter's syndrome
paronychia
Superficial infection of proximal and lateral nail folds. RED…
clubbing of fingers
THINK CANCER AND CHRONIC DISEASE
74 terms
Hair Skin & Nails
parenteral
NPO
vitiligo
erythema
meds given by needle
nothing by mouth
white patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melano…
intense redness due to excess blood in dilated capillaries
parenteral
meds given by needle
NPO
nothing by mouth
23 terms
Hair, Skin, and Nails
crepitus
vernix caseosa
lanugo hair
vitiligo
crackling sound
oily, white substance covering infants body at birth
fine hair on shoulders and back at birth; disappears at two w…
lack of melanin; unpigmented skin patches
crepitus
crackling sound
vernix caseosa
oily, white substance covering infants body at birth
29 terms
517 Skin, hair, nails
Patch
Nodule
Wheal
Macule
Large discolored section of skin
elevated firm circumscribed palpable deeper in dermis than pa…
Red, swollen mark left on flesh. Temporarily raised and typic…
Flat, distinct, discolored area of skin less than 1cm wide
Patch
Large discolored section of skin
Nodule
elevated firm circumscribed palpable deeper in dermis than pa…
Hair, Skin, Nails, Wounds
Inspect skin
palpate skin
inspect hair
Inspect fingernails and toenails
on each body area... - to collect data on color, wounds, rashes…
to assess temperature, turgor, vascularity
to look for lesions, infestation
to assess for hygiene, circulation, clubbing
Inspect skin
on each body area... - to collect data on color, wounds, rashes…
palpate skin
to assess temperature, turgor, vascularity
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