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Study sets matching "skin hair nails"

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Study sets matching "skin hair nails"

Hair, Skin, and Nails quiz
wheals
macule
papule
pustule
wheals
macule
79 terms
Skin, hair, and Nails
Annular Lesion
Confluent Lesion
Discrete Lesion
Gyrate Lesion
Annular Lesion
Confluent Lesion
Health Assessment Skin, Hair, Nails
macule (Primary lesion)
Patch (Primary Lesion)
Papule (Primary Lesion)
Plaque (Primary lesion)
Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1…
Macule's that are larger than 1 cm. Examples: Mongolian spot,…
Something you can feel (solid, elevated, circumscribed, less…
Papules coalesce to form surface elevation wider than 1 cm. A…
macule (Primary lesion)
Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1…
Patch (Primary Lesion)
Macule's that are larger than 1 cm. Examples: Mongolian spot,…
Skin, Hair, and Nails
At birth Newborns skin is typically co…
Many harmless skin markings are common…
gray, blue, or purple spots in the sac…
the fine downy hair of a newborn is ca…
vernix caseosa (a white, cheeselike mixture of sebum and epid…
milia (due to sebum that collects in the openings or hair fol…
mongolian spots.
lanugo
At birth Newborns skin is typically co…
vernix caseosa (a white, cheeselike mixture of sebum and epid…
Many harmless skin markings are common…
milia (due to sebum that collects in the openings or hair fol…
Conditions of skin, hair, and nails
Interigo
Impetigo
Eczema
Measles
Aka candidiasis; scalding red, moist patches with sharply dem…
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules t…
A type of dermatitis, an inflammatory, relapsing, non-contagi…
Aka rubeola; A highly contagious viral infection usually seen…
Interigo
Aka candidiasis; scalding red, moist patches with sharply dem…
Impetigo
Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules t…
39 terms
SKIN/HAIR/NAILS
Primary Skin lesion: Macule
Primary Skin lesion: Patch
Primary Skin lesion: Papule
Primary Skin lesion: Plaque
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Primary Skin lesion: Macule
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
Primary Skin lesion: Patch
those lesions that appear in response to an external or inter…
69 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails
3 Layers of Skin (most to least superf…
Epidermis
Basal Cell Layer
Keratin
Epidermis, Dermis, SubQ
Protection, Avascular
forms new skin cells
tough, fibrous protein of epidermal cells
3 Layers of Skin (most to least superf…
Epidermis, Dermis, SubQ
Epidermis
Protection, Avascular
16 terms
Skin, Hair, and nails terminology
alopecia
cyanosis
Dehiscence
Diaphoresis
balding on head
deoxygenated hemoglobin, on dark skin check conjunctivae, ora…
surgical complication in which a wound ruptures along a surgi…
profuse sweating
alopecia
balding on head
cyanosis
deoxygenated hemoglobin, on dark skin check conjunctivae, ora…
79 terms
Assessment: Skin, Hair, Nails
Seborrhea
Xerosis
Pruritus
Alopecia
Oily
Dry
Itching. #1 skin condition
significant hair loss
Seborrhea
Oily
Xerosis
Dry
74 terms
Hair, Skin and Nails PICTURES
erythema infectiosum
erythema migrans
cherry angioma
tinea versicolor
erythema infectiosum
erythema migrans
55 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails Unit
ABCDE
Acne
Acrochordons
Acrocyanosis
Danger signs of pigmented lesions: Asymmetry, Border, Color,…
Most common skin problem of adolescence consists of open come…
Overgrowth of normal skin that form a stalk and are polyp-lik…
A bluish color seen in infants around the lips, hands, finger…
ABCDE
Danger signs of pigmented lesions: Asymmetry, Border, Color,…
Acne
Most common skin problem of adolescence consists of open come…
84 terms
Skin Hair and Nails
epidermis
Dermis
hypodermis
eccrine glands
stratum corneum - and celular stratum where the keratinocytes…
has the hair follicle , ANS provides nourishment for the epid…
has the subcutaneous nlayer fatty cells
sweat for body temp regulation
epidermis
stratum corneum - and celular stratum where the keratinocytes…
Dermis
has the hair follicle , ANS provides nourishment for the epid…
15 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
hair follicle
outer layer of skin
-second layer of skin
Bottom layer of skin
Sac within which each hair grows.
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dermis
-second layer of skin
90 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
(A) Patch (café-au-lait spots), (B) no…
Wheals (urticaria) in a drug eruption…
(A) Vesicle, (B) pustule, (C) erosions…
Kaposi's sarcoma in AIDS: This maligna…
(A) Patch (café-au-lait spots), (B) no…
Wheals (urticaria) in a drug eruption…
75 terms
ASMT Skin, Hair, and Nails
cafe au lait
Cafe au lait
tinea versicolor
Tinea versicolor
macule. irregular border. benign. usually less than 1.5 cm
fungal infection. hypo/hyper-pigmented "versicolor". slightly…
cafe au lait
Cafe au lait
macule. irregular border. benign. usually less than 1.5 cm
12 terms
Teeth, Skin, Hair and Nails
flouride
plaque
tartar
pores
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
hardened plaque that hurts gum health
tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape
flouride
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
plaque
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
12 terms
Teeth, Skin, Hair and Nails
flouride
plaque
tartar
pores
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
hardened plaque that hurts gum health
tiny openings in the skin that allow perspiration to escape
flouride
chemical that helps prevent tooth decay
plaque
thin, sticky film that builds up on teeth
44 terms
Skin, hair, nails
Which diagnostic modalities are used t…
Demonstrate and identify the 6 charact…
Age spots are also called?
The most common inflammatory skin cond…
Inspection and palpation
#1 The first characteristic is color, which can vary from dar…
Solar lentigines are irregular, round, gray-brown macules wit…
contact dermatitis (e.g. washing hands too much makes them ch…
Which diagnostic modalities are used t…
Inspection and palpation
Demonstrate and identify the 6 charact…
#1 The first characteristic is color, which can vary from dar…
154 terms
6. Skin, Hair, and Nails
Epidermis
Dermis
What are the 3 Main Glands found in th…
Eccrine Glands
outer layer... -avascular (a superficial epidermal cut won't b…
inner layer ... -contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood ves…
1. Eccrine Glands... 2. Apocrine Glands... 3. Sebaceous Glands
• Produces sweat/perspiration (saline) ... • Matures at 2 months…
Epidermis
outer layer... -avascular (a superficial epidermal cut won't b…
Dermis
inner layer ... -contains nerves, sensory receptors, blood ves…
Chapter 13: Skin, Hair, and Nails
alopecia areata
apocrine glands
chloasma
cuticle
sudden patchy or complete loss of body hair for unknown cause…
glands in the axillary and anogenital regions that are dorman…
"Mask of pregnancy", Patchy brown skin discoloration, often t…
a fold of epidermal skin along the base of the nail that prot…
alopecia areata
sudden patchy or complete loss of body hair for unknown cause…
apocrine glands
glands in the axillary and anogenital regions that are dorman…
70 terms
Skin, Hair and Nails
What are the functions of the skin?
Major functions of the skin
structure: skin
Epidermis
-Keeps moisture in & foreign matter out... -Touch/sensory percep…
Communication - facial expressions, blushing, blanching... Woun…
Our largest organ system!... Covers 20 square feet of surface ar…
inner basal cell layer ... horny cell layer
What are the functions of the skin?
-Keeps moisture in & foreign matter out... -Touch/sensory percep…
Major functions of the skin
Communication - facial expressions, blushing, blanching... Woun…
38 terms
Hair Skin and Nails
androgenic alopecia
Treatment for androgenic alopecia
Telogen effluvium
Alopecia Areata
male and female patterned baldness ... male- frontal recession-…
Minoxidil- Rogaine 2% or 5%... Finasteride- tablet (inhibits 5 a…
stressful even disrupts the normal hair cycle ... terminal hairs…
round or oval non-scarring patches of hair loss ... thought that…
androgenic alopecia
male and female patterned baldness ... male- frontal recession-…
Treatment for androgenic alopecia
Minoxidil- Rogaine 2% or 5%... Finasteride- tablet (inhibits 5 a…
98 terms
Skin, Hair, & Nails
skin
what are the 2 layers of skin?
epidermis
basal cell layer:
what is the largest organ in the body
epidermis and dermis
is thin but tough... is the outer, highly differentiated ______…
forms new skin cells... their major ingredient is the tough, fi…
skin
what is the largest organ in the body
what are the 2 layers of skin?
epidermis and dermis
61 terms
Hair, Skin, and Nails
Epidermis
Basal cell layer
Horny cell layer
Dermis
thin, cells bound tight together into sheets; avascular
in epidermis, forms new skin cells; has keratin and melanin
in epidermis; above basal cell layer; has dead keratinized ce…
inner layer; mostly connective tissue/collagen; has elastic t…
Epidermis
thin, cells bound tight together into sheets; avascular
Basal cell layer
in epidermis, forms new skin cells; has keratin and melanin
19 terms
HairSkinNails
layers of skin
epidermal appendages
structure and function of skin
subjective skin data
Epidermis: outer highly differentiated layer... Basal cell layer…
Structures formed by tubular invagination of epidermis down i…
waterproof, protective, adaptive, Protection from environment…
Past history of skin disease, allergies, hives, psoriasis, or…
layers of skin
Epidermis: outer highly differentiated layer... Basal cell layer…
epidermal appendages
Structures formed by tubular invagination of epidermis down i…
41 terms
314 skin, hair, & nails
Palpate skin for
Epidermis
Chloasma (melasma)
Linea nigra
temperature, moisture, texture, thickness, edema, turgor, pain
-outermost layer... -stratified squamous epithelium... -Keratinocyt…
-darker pigmentation of forehead, nose, and cheeks ... - common…
-darkened line from umbilicus to symphysis pubis due to migra…
Palpate skin for
temperature, moisture, texture, thickness, edema, turgor, pain
Epidermis
-outermost layer... -stratified squamous epithelium... -Keratinocyt…
37 terms
skin, hair, nails
skin layers
fucnctions of skin
ecchymosis
petechiae
epidermis... dermis: blood supply, sebaceous gland... subcutaneous…
protect against infection... prevent loss of body fluids... produce…
bruise
little red spots
skin layers
epidermis... dermis: blood supply, sebaceous gland... subcutaneous…
fucnctions of skin
protect against infection... prevent loss of body fluids... produce…
61 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails
Melanin
Carotene
Vascular bed
Vellus hair
Brown color in skin
Yellow-orange color in skin
red/purple color under skin
fine hairs over majority of body surface
Melanin
Brown color in skin
Carotene
Yellow-orange color in skin
57 terms
Skin/Hair/Nails
Central Cyanosis
Peripheral Cyanosis
HARMM
ABCDE
Lips turn blue due to lack of oxygen
Clubbing of nails due to lack of oxygen; turn blue
For Melanoma; History of melanoma, age over 50, regular derma…
Asymmetry... Borders Irregular... Change in color (esp. blue or bla…
Central Cyanosis
Lips turn blue due to lack of oxygen
Peripheral Cyanosis
Clubbing of nails due to lack of oxygen; turn blue
21 terms
Hair, Skin, and Nails
Melanin
Carotene
Oxyhemoglobin
Deoxyhemoglobin
Brown, genetically determined, increases with exposure to sun…
yellow pigment in fat
causes reddening of skin (opposite induces pallor)
bluish "cast" to skin, cyanosis
Melanin
Brown, genetically determined, increases with exposure to sun…
Carotene
yellow pigment in fat
28 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
alopecia
annular
bulla
confluent
baldness, hair loss
circular shape to skin lesion
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm in dia…
skin lesions that run together
alopecia
baldness, hair loss
annular
circular shape to skin lesion
77 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails Assessment
Functions of skin
epidermis
dermis
sub Q tissue
1. protect organs within ... 2. regulate temperature... 3. barrier…
- outer most layer of skin... - protection ... - avascular (does no…
- connective tissue ... - made up of collagen = elasticity ... - co…
- innermost layer ... - made up of adipose tissue (fatty cells)
Functions of skin
1. protect organs within ... 2. regulate temperature... 3. barrier…
epidermis
- outer most layer of skin... - protection ... - avascular (does no…
106 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
Skin
Function of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Largest organ in body... Adapts and guards body from environment…
-To protect all other organs... -Prevent penetration... -Barrier fo…
Thin, tough layer that forms a protective barrier.... -Basal cel…
Inner layer of CT ... -Collagen, Elasticity... -Sensory Nerve fiber…
Skin
Largest organ in body... Adapts and guards body from environment…
Function of skin
-To protect all other organs... -Prevent penetration... -Barrier fo…
29 terms
517 Skin, hair, nails
Patch
Nodule
Wheal
Macule
Large discolored section of skin
elevated firm circumscribed palpable deeper in dermis than pa…
Red, swollen mark left on flesh. Temporarily raised and typic…
Flat, distinct, discolored area of skin less than 1cm wide
Patch
Large discolored section of skin
Nodule
elevated firm circumscribed palpable deeper in dermis than pa…
40 terms
skin, hair, nails
paronychia
clubbing of fingers
onycholysis
pitting of nails
Superficial infection of proximal and lateral nail folds. RED…
THINK CANCER AND CHRONIC DISEASE
painless separation of whitened opaque nail plaqe from nail b…
Psoriasis, sarcoidosis, Reiter's syndrome
paronychia
Superficial infection of proximal and lateral nail folds. RED…
clubbing of fingers
THINK CANCER AND CHRONIC DISEASE
35 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
asymmetry
leukonychia stria
nevus
ecchymosis
ABCDE: one half unlike the other
white hairline markings from trauma
mole
bruising
asymmetry
ABCDE: one half unlike the other
leukonychia stria
white hairline markings from trauma
87 terms
Hair, Skin, Nails, Wounds
Inspect skin
palpate skin
inspect hair
Inspect fingernails and toenails
on each body area... - to collect data on color, wounds, rashes…
to assess temperature, turgor, vascularity
to look for lesions, infestation
to assess for hygiene, circulation, clubbing
Inspect skin
on each body area... - to collect data on color, wounds, rashes…
palpate skin
to assess temperature, turgor, vascularity
74 terms
Hair Skin & Nails
parenteral
NPO
vitiligo
erythema
meds given by needle
nothing by mouth
white patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melano…
intense redness due to excess blood in dilated capillaries
parenteral
meds given by needle
NPO
nothing by mouth
23 terms
Hair, Skin, and Nails
crepitus
vernix caseosa
lanugo hair
vitiligo
crackling sound
oily, white substance covering infants body at birth
fine hair on shoulders and back at birth; disappears at two w…
lack of melanin; unpigmented skin patches
crepitus
crackling sound
vernix caseosa
oily, white substance covering infants body at birth
62 terms
Skin, Hair & Nails
epidermis
Dermis
macule ... primary lesion
patch ... primary lesion
the outer layer of cells covering an organism, in particular.
the thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis that for…
flat non palpable change in the skin color. macules are small…
patches are larger than 1 cm and may have an irregular border…
epidermis
the outer layer of cells covering an organism, in particular.
Dermis
the thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis that for…
7 terms
Skin, Hair & Nails Assessment
Health Assessment - Subjective data
Health Assessment - Skin Inspection
Health Assessment - Skin Palpation
Nail assessment
History of present health concerns... Past health history... Family…
Inspect skin colour... Check skin integrity... Inspect for lesion
Texture... Thickness and moisture... Temperature... Mobility and turgo…
Colour... Shape... Texture... Consistency
Health Assessment - Subjective data
History of present health concerns... Past health history... Family…
Health Assessment - Skin Inspection
Inspect skin colour... Check skin integrity... Inspect for lesion
33 terms
Chapter Skin, Hair, and Nails
Skin
Epidermis
Where is skin color From?
Dermis
-largest organ system in the body ... -guards body from environm…
-is thin, tough... -bound tightly together in sheets ... -form rugg…
-3 sources ... 1. the brown pigment melanin (mainly)... 2. from the…
-is the inner supportive layer consisting mostly of connectiv…
Skin
-largest organ system in the body ... -guards body from environm…
Epidermis
-is thin, tough... -bound tightly together in sheets ... -form rugg…
112 terms
Skin, Hair, & Nails
Avascular
Boil
Cherry angioma
Contact burn
lacking blood vessels; bloodless; may be normal for some body…
skin abscess that forms at a hair follicle infected with pus-…
cherry red papules on the skin containing an abnormal prolife…
a burn caused by touching a hot object
Avascular
lacking blood vessels; bloodless; may be normal for some body…
Boil
skin abscess that forms at a hair follicle infected with pus-…
69 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
Variables Influencing Skin Color
Pallor
Erythema
Cyanosis
1. Melanin - brown pigment... 2. Carotene - yellow-orange tones…
White color from decreased blood flow ... Occurs w/ anemia, impe…
Intense redness due to hyperemia (excess blood) in dilated su…
Bluish mottled color indicating hypoxemia... Occurs w/ shock, he…
Variables Influencing Skin Color
1. Melanin - brown pigment... 2. Carotene - yellow-orange tones…
Pallor
White color from decreased blood flow ... Occurs w/ anemia, impe…
205- Hair, Skin, Nails
annular
confluent
discrete
gyrate
annular
confluent
110 terms
Skin, hair, and Nails Assessment
Alopecia
Bulla
confluent
Crust
(Baldness) hair loss
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1cm diameter
skin lesions that run together (hives or urticaria)
thick, dried-out exudate left on skin when vesicles/pustules…
Alopecia
(Baldness) hair loss
Bulla
elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1cm diameter
49 terms
Skin, Hair, and Nails
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Appendages:
Outermost portion of the skin that protects the body against…
Vascular connective tissue layer that supports and separates…
Subcutaneous layer that consists of loose connective tissue f…
1. Eccrine sweat glands... 2. Apocrine Sweat Glands... 3. Sebaceous…
Epidermis
Outermost portion of the skin that protects the body against…
Dermis
Vascular connective tissue layer that supports and separates…
49 terms
Nails, Skin, Hair
nail bed
Tugor ... Expected Findings:... Should be e…
Thickness in Skin... varies based on age…
leukonychia punctata
Abnormal Findings:... Edema, excessive scaring to skin, connecti…
Seen in pt with DM caused by abnormal collagen resulting from…
caused by minor trauma or manipulation of ... the auricle
nail bed
Tugor ... Expected Findings:... Should be e…
Abnormal Findings:... Edema, excessive scaring to skin, connecti…
PE - Skin, Hair, Nails
Pustules
Wheal-Hives
Cyst
telangiectasia: dilated superficial bl…
Pustules
Wheal-Hives
51 terms
Skin, Hair, Nails
Main functions of the skin:
Three layers of skin:
Two layers of the epidermis:
Key characteristics of stratum corneum:
- Maintain homeostasis by:... 1. Protecting against microorganis…
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
1. Stratum corneum... 2. Stratum basale/stratum spinosum = malpi…
Dead, keratin tissue, outer layer of epidermis
Main functions of the skin:
- Maintain homeostasis by:... 1. Protecting against microorganis…
Three layers of skin:
Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
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