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Study sets matching "skin infections"

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Study sets matching "skin infections"

12 terms
Skin infections
nationally notifiable skin infections
4 types of skin infections
Necrotizing Fasciitis (types 1 - 4)
Leprosy (Hansen's disease)
Hansen's disease, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, toxic s…
Type 1 - polymicrobial with at least one anaerobic species…
Insidiously advancing soft tissue infection characterized by…
Two connected diseases affects superficial tissues and periph…
nationally notifiable skin infections
Hansen's disease, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, toxic s…
4 types of skin infections
Type 1 - polymicrobial with at least one anaerobic species…
13 terms
Skin Infections
Hair Follicle Infections
Staphylococcus Scalded Skin Syndrome (…
Streptococcal Impetigo
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Causative agent: Staphylococcus aureus... Folliculitis: Presents…
Causative agent: S. aureus... -Occurs primarily in infants, elde…
Causative agent: Streptococcus pyogenes... -Gram-positive, β he…
Causative agent: Rickettsia rickettsii... -Obligate, intracellu…
Hair Follicle Infections
Causative agent: Staphylococcus aureus... Folliculitis: Presents…
Staphylococcus Scalded Skin Syndrome (…
Causative agent: S. aureus... -Occurs primarily in infants, elde…
59 terms
Skin Infections
macules
papules
vesicles
pustules
flat, non-palpable lesions
palpable lesions. Mildest form of acne lesion. Small firm pin…
palpable, fluid-filled lesions
palpable and contain visible pus. Clearly inflamed
macules
flat, non-palpable lesions
papules
palpable lesions. Mildest form of acne lesion. Small firm pin…
28 terms
Skin Infections
Describe Erysipelas
Common site for Erysipelas
Signs/symptoms of erysipelas
Most common organisms with erysipelas
•marked erythema... •pain... •swelling... •lymphatic involvement ... •sha…
Lower leg (face)
Fever, increased WBC, systemic ollness
•S. pyogenes (GABS), •ß-hemolytic streptococci (group B, C, G)
Describe Erysipelas
•marked erythema... •pain... •swelling... •lymphatic involvement ... •sha…
Common site for Erysipelas
Lower leg (face)
35 terms
Skin infections
LOS
Skin is Intrinsically Resistant to Inf…
Skin microbiota
Causes of Skin and Soft Tissue Infecti…
To appreciate the nature of selected skin... and soft tissue inf…
Due to:... • low water content... • low pH... • low temperature... • hig…
• Comprises mainly bacteria and some yeasts... • Composition and…
• Bacteria (Staph. aureus, Str. pyogenes, clostridia)... • Fungi…
LOS
To appreciate the nature of selected skin... and soft tissue inf…
Skin is Intrinsically Resistant to Inf…
Due to:... • low water content... • low pH... • low temperature... • hig…
32 terms
Skin infections
Impetigo symptoms
Folliculitis symptoms
Furuncles presentation
Carbuncles
Honey colored crust on face and nares
superficial pustules on hair follicles
Severe folliculitis-- deep nodules inside the follicle
a lot of furuncles
Impetigo symptoms
Honey colored crust on face and nares
Folliculitis symptoms
superficial pustules on hair follicles
62 terms
Skin Infections
Viral Infections
HPV Cutaneous
HPV: Genital warts
HPV: Verruca Vulgaris
-HPV cutaneous... -Boewnoid Papulosis... -Filiform Warts... -Molluscum…
-Widespread in human populations (over 150 types identified)…
-90% caused by HPV 6 or 11 ... -Usually asx... -Application of *ace…
-Common wart (thrombosed capillaries)
Viral Infections
-HPV cutaneous... -Boewnoid Papulosis... -Filiform Warts... -Molluscum…
HPV Cutaneous
-Widespread in human populations (over 150 types identified)…
Skin infections
3 types of skin infections
Erysipelas microbe
Acute Cellulitis microbe
Necrotizing fasciitis microbes
Acute Cellulitis... Erysipelas... Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh eati…
Strep. pyogenes... usually Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus
Strep. pyogenes & Staph. aureus
Streptococcal species... but also....... Mixed infections including…
3 types of skin infections
Acute Cellulitis... Erysipelas... Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh eati…
Erysipelas microbe
Strep. pyogenes... usually Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus
31 terms
Skin Infections
Primary (1°) lesions
Macules
Patch
Papule
1. Flat lesions:... -macules... -patch... 2. Raised lesions:... -papule…
<1cm ... -flat lesion... -usually just color change in dermis or…
>1cm ... -flat lesion
<1cm... -raised lesion... -no fluid
Primary (1°) lesions
1. Flat lesions:... -macules... -patch... 2. Raised lesions:... -papule…
Macules
<1cm ... -flat lesion... -usually just color change in dermis or…
25 terms
Skin Infections
Impetigo
Atopic Dermatitis
Bullous Impetigo
Folliculitis
Vesicle or pustule that evolves into honey crusted plaques... M…
From S. aureus
From S. aureus... exfoliative toxins A and B
From S. aureus... Superficial: small pustule... deep: sycosis barbae
Impetigo
Vesicle or pustule that evolves into honey crusted plaques... M…
Atopic Dermatitis
From S. aureus
120 terms
Skin infections
Natural defenses of the skin:
Normal skin flora:
Route of infection:
A skin infection is considered complic…
temperature, sebum, sweat, dry, etc.
propionibacterium acnes, staphylococci, streptococci, candida…
skin (pores/hair follicles), wounds, animal/insect bites
Involves a preexisting wound or ulceration of the skin... Involv…
Natural defenses of the skin:
temperature, sebum, sweat, dry, etc.
Normal skin flora:
propionibacterium acnes, staphylococci, streptococci, candida…
23 terms
Skin Infections
Contact Dermatitis - irritant and alle…
Atopic Dermatitis lesions
Contact Dermatitis definition
most effective treatment contact derma…
linear streaks of papules, vesicles, and blisters that are ve…
papules, erythema,excoriations, and lichenification, ... scaley…
an acute or chronic inflammation resulting from a hypersensit…
prevention and maintaining a normal epidermal barrier is key…
Contact Dermatitis - irritant and alle…
linear streaks of papules, vesicles, and blisters that are ve…
Atopic Dermatitis lesions
papules, erythema,excoriations, and lichenification, ... scaley…
Skin infections
Folliculitis
Furuncles
Carbuncles
Impetigo
- Pustule inflammation... - Bacteria gain entry through abrasion…
- Single hair follicle infected... - Pus filled, painful nodule…
- Multiple boils at abscess... - Caused by s. aureus and s. pyog…
- Pus forming infection... - Caused by s. aureus or s.pyogene... -…
Folliculitis
- Pustule inflammation... - Bacteria gain entry through abrasion…
Furuncles
- Single hair follicle infected... - Pus filled, painful nodule…
9 terms
Skin infections
Staph scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
strept impetigo-pyoderma infection
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Lyme disease
burnt skin, redness, malaise, fever, sensitive areas are pain…
superficial skin infection, blister patches localized, yellow…
initial rash of faint pink spots, eventually spreads to other…
rash begins as small red spots at site of bite, slowly enlarg…
Staph scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
burnt skin, redness, malaise, fever, sensitive areas are pain…
strept impetigo-pyoderma infection
superficial skin infection, blister patches localized, yellow…
76 terms
Skin Infections
Skin Infections----------------------
What does skin do?
Epidermis
dermis
------------------------
1. prevents entry... 2. regulates body temperature... 3. restricts…
surface layer made from layers of fat cells... outermost are dea…
nerves, glands, blood and lymphatic vessels
Skin Infections----------------------
------------------------
What does skin do?
1. prevents entry... 2. regulates body temperature... 3. restricts…
23 terms
Infections of the Skin
Pyoderma
Acne Vulgaris
Impetigo (non-bullous)
Impetigo (bullous)
Skin infection with formation of pus
Condition caused by inflammation of sebaceous follicles
Highly contagious, mainly in children, forms crusts. Infectio…
Infection in the epidermis
Pyoderma
Skin infection with formation of pus
Acne Vulgaris
Condition caused by inflammation of sebaceous follicles
107 terms
Infections of the Skin
Histology of Skin: Dermis
Maculopapular Rash
Scarlet Fever caused by
Lines of Attack
Composed of a matrix of proteins and mucopolysaccharides... Sup…
Red or erythematous skin lesions with flat or slightly elevat…
S. Pyogenes ... Maculopapular rash
1. breach of intact skin... 2. skin manifestations of systemic…
Histology of Skin: Dermis
Composed of a matrix of proteins and mucopolysaccharides... Sup…
Maculopapular Rash
Red or erythematous skin lesions with flat or slightly elevat…
23 terms
Infections of the Skin
Pyoderma
Acne Vulgaris
Impetigo (non-bullous)
Impetigo (bullous)
Skin infection with formation of pus
Condition caused by inflammation of sebaceous follicles
Highly contagious, mainly in children, forms crusts. Infectio…
Infection in the epidermis
Pyoderma
Skin infection with formation of pus
Acne Vulgaris
Condition caused by inflammation of sebaceous follicles
22 terms
Skin Infections
Common microbe which causes disease on…
Which bacterial skin infection is norm…
Which bacteria is found in abundance i…
Describe the histological characterist…
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Corynebacterium (C. diptheria)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Staph = G+ cocci arranged in bunches, they also produce catal…
Common microbe which causes disease on…
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Which bacterial skin infection is norm…
Corynebacterium (C. diptheria)
40 terms
Skin Infections
Desquamation of the Palms and soles... st…
Gram + cocci in clusters... -yellow colon…
production of exfoliatin exotoxin dest…
Neonates and young children... Scalded S…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
A 3 week old infant is brought to the ED with desquamation of…
A 3 week old infant is brought to the ED with desquamation of…
Desquamation of the Palms and soles... st…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
Gram + cocci in clusters... -yellow colon…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
Skin Infections
What is a potentially serious infectio…
What is a superficial form of cellulit…
What is MRSA no longer sensitive to?
What are the signs and symptoms of cel…
Cellulitis
Erysipelas
It is no longer sensitive to the penicillin and cephalosporin…
HELP HEFT; 1.) Heat 2.) Edema 3.) Leukocytosis 4.) Pain 5.) H…
What is a potentially serious infectio…
Cellulitis
What is a superficial form of cellulit…
Erysipelas
17 terms
Skin Infections
Skin Infections
Verrucae (Warts)
Verruca vulgaris:
Verruca plana
Verrucae (Warts)... Molluscum Contagiosum... Impetigo... Superficia…
Squamoproliferative disorders caused by HPV... -HPV 6 & 11 - ano…
Most common type; hands... Gray-white to tan, flat to convex pa…
Common on face... Slightly elevated, flat, smooth, tan papules
Skin Infections
Verrucae (Warts)... Molluscum Contagiosum... Impetigo... Superficia…
Verrucae (Warts)
Squamoproliferative disorders caused by HPV... -HPV 6 & 11 - ano…
69 terms
Skin Infections - Infections
Hair Follicle Symptoms
Hair Follicle - Furuncles
Hair follicle - Carbuncles
Hair follicle - Epidemiology
Folliculitis presents as a small red bump or pimple. Often ti…
These are recognized by extended redness, swelling and tender…
These are recognized by large areas of redness, swelling, ten…
S. aureus is primarily found in the nostrils and nearly every…
Hair Follicle Symptoms
Folliculitis presents as a small red bump or pimple. Often ti…
Hair Follicle - Furuncles
These are recognized by extended redness, swelling and tender…
30 terms
Infections of the skin
Fournier's gangrene
Ludwigs angina
T1 necrotizing fasciatis... 1. microbe... 2.…
T2 necrotizing fasciatis... 1. microbe... 2.…
fornicating, genitals
hedwig's beak... mouth jaw
1. many, aerobe and anaerobe... 2. smelly, dishwater, grey disch…
1. GAS pyogenes... 2. TSS, BLUNT TRAUMA... 3. Beta lactam, beta lac…
Fournier's gangrene
fornicating, genitals
Ludwigs angina
hedwig's beak... mouth jaw
20 terms
Skin infections, Wound infections
Staph scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
streptococcus impetigo
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Lyme disease
burnt skin, redness, malaise, fever, sensitive areas are pain…
superficial skin infection, blister patches localized, yellow…
initial rash of faint pink spots, eventually spreads to other…
rash begins as small red spots at site of bite, lymph nodes e…
Staph scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
burnt skin, redness, malaise, fever, sensitive areas are pain…
streptococcus impetigo
superficial skin infection, blister patches localized, yellow…
40 terms
Skin infections
Skin flora... -concentration... -benefits an…
Normal skin flora... - made up of
In warm, moist areas of the body the f…
Skin Rashes ... two types
Generally resistant to drying and high salt concentrations... Ov…
90% Staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase negative: different…
staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus spp., occasionally Gram…
Exanthem: Skin rash accompanied by systemic symptoms such as…
Skin flora... -concentration... -benefits an…
Generally resistant to drying and high salt concentrations... Ov…
Normal skin flora... - made up of
90% Staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase negative: different…
22 terms
Skin infections
• Vesicles:
• Bullae:
• Macules:
• Papules:
small, fluid-filled lesions
vesicles larger than 1 cm in diameter
flat, reddened lesions
raised lesions
• Vesicles:
small, fluid-filled lesions
• Bullae:
vesicles larger than 1 cm in diameter
14 terms
Skin Infections
Tinea versicolor
German Measles
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Lyme Disease
Rash and skin pigmentation and scaliness, caused by M.furfur
Slight fever with mild cold symptoms followed by faint rash,…
Major skin infections with burned and sandpaper like skin, ca…
Rash+joint paint+heart and nervous disorders, caused by B.bur…
Tinea versicolor
Rash and skin pigmentation and scaliness, caused by M.furfur
German Measles
Slight fever with mild cold symptoms followed by faint rash,…
15 terms
Skin Infections
Acne Vulgaris
Hair Follicle Infection
Staphylococcal Scaled Skin Syndrome
Impetigo
bacterial
bacterial
bacterial
bacterial
Acne Vulgaris
bacterial
Hair Follicle Infection
bacterial
35 terms
skin infections
pruritus caused by
treatment for pruritus
stage 1 ulcer
stage 2 ulcer
release of histamine in a hypersensitivity causes pruritus in…
topical agents to reduce sensation, may be treated by antihis…
nonblanchable redness of intact skin
partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis or dermis
pruritus caused by
release of histamine in a hypersensitivity causes pruritus in…
treatment for pruritus
topical agents to reduce sensation, may be treated by antihis…
skin infections
skin is ___ epithelium
skin is ___ for water proofing
skin has ___ between cells
skin has normal flora, which breaks do…
stratified squamous
keratinized
tight junctions
oils to fatty acids (drop in ph inhibits the growth of molds)
skin is ___ epithelium
stratified squamous
skin is ___ for water proofing
keratinized
13 terms
Skin Infections
abscess
cutaneous vesicle
pyoderma
impetigo
collection of pus
blister; fluid-filled sac
cutaneous abscess
ruptured pustules that form dried crusts
abscess
collection of pus
cutaneous vesicle
blister; fluid-filled sac
15 terms
Skin Infections
Folliculitis (causative agent)
Folliculitis (pathogenesis)
Folliculitis (treatment)
Impetigo (causative agent)
Staphylococcus Aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
invasion of follicle, multiplication of staph., inflammatory…
drainage of pus, Flucloxacilin, mupirocin
Streptococcus Pyogenes (developing nations) Staphylococcus Au…
Folliculitis (causative agent)
Staphylococcus Aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Folliculitis (pathogenesis)
invasion of follicle, multiplication of staph., inflammatory…
22 terms
Skin Infections
Staph symptoms
CA-MRSA
HA-MRSA
Staph treatment
boils
Community associated, resistant strain of Staph, gym equipmen…
Hospital associated, more resistant strain of Staph, medical…
Vancomycin, antibiotics
Staph symptoms
boils
CA-MRSA
Community associated, resistant strain of Staph, gym equipmen…
Skin Infections
AIDS
Anthrax
Bacteremia
Bacteriuria
Caused by HIV
Caused by spore forming bacteria and mainly affects livestock
Presence of bacteria in the blood as the result of an infection
Presence of bacteria in the urine cause by infection
AIDS
Caused by HIV
Anthrax
Caused by spore forming bacteria and mainly affects livestock
10 terms
Skin Infections
Virus
Herpes
Verruca Virus and Warts
Bacterial Infections
small organisms that can only live in a cell; triggers diseas…
Type I and II; appears in the same location and in a specific…
Flat wart, plantar wart or venereal; enters through lesion of…
single cell micro-organisms; releases toxic substances in the…
Virus
small organisms that can only live in a cell; triggers diseas…
Herpes
Type I and II; appears in the same location and in a specific…
22 terms
Skin infections
infectious diseases
lesions
varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
reyes syndrome
viral, bacterial, fungal
macule, papule, vesicle, pustule
infects sensory ganglia
severe encephalomyelitis (brain swelling) with liver damage,…
infectious diseases
viral, bacterial, fungal
lesions
macule, papule, vesicle, pustule
9 terms
Skin Infections
It is too dry, too salty, to acidic, t…
A widespread rash
Diphtheroids: oily regions (forehead,…
Varicella
What are 5 reasons why the skin is a good barrier against pat…
What is an exanthem?
What are three categories of skin normal flora?
What is the scientific name of chicken pox?
It is too dry, too salty, to acidic, t…
What are 5 reasons why the skin is a good barrier against pat…
A widespread rash
What is an exanthem?
15 terms
Skin infections
Abscesses
Staphylococcus aureus
Cellulitis
Herpes simplex virus, type 1
Pus-pockets caused by bacterial infection in skin injury.
Bacterium on the skin (staff infection)
Infection spreads between layers of tissues until part of bod…
Occurs on lips, cold sores, fever blisters
Abscesses
Pus-pockets caused by bacterial infection in skin injury.
Staphylococcus aureus
Bacterium on the skin (staff infection)
22 terms
Skin Infections
Skin Defenses
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Normal flora
Lysozyme
* Stratified Squamous Epithelium... * Normal flora... * Lysozyme
- tight junctions between cells... - keratinized for water proof…
- breaks down oils to fatty acids ... * drop in pH inhibits grow…
- Degrades peptodoglycan
Skin Defenses
* Stratified Squamous Epithelium... * Normal flora... * Lysozyme
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
- tight junctions between cells... - keratinized for water proof…
9 terms
Skin infections
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Chicken pox virus
Causes Otitis externa or swimmer's ear and... post burn infectio…
Characterized as coagulase-positive, it... also contains leukoci…
Group A beta-hemolytic ... (GAS). Characterized by... hemolysins/st…
Varicella zoster virus. Initial infection may cause chicken... p…
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Causes Otitis externa or swimmer's ear and... post burn infectio…
Staphylococcus aureus
Characterized as coagulase-positive, it... also contains leukoci…
30 terms
Skin Infections
Athlete's Foot
Bell's Palsy
Candiadiasis
Candida albicans
...
...
...
...
Athlete's Foot
...
Bell's Palsy
...
Skin Infections
Skin Defenses
Staphylococcus aureus
Boil MSSA Treatment
Boil CA-MRSA
Stratified Squamous Epithelium... Normal Flora... Lysozyme
Gm (+) ... Commonly resistant to B-lactams... Produces many tissue…
Lance and Drain pus... Cloxacillin, Flucloxacillin... MSSA
Bactrim
Skin Defenses
Stratified Squamous Epithelium... Normal Flora... Lysozyme
Staphylococcus aureus
Gm (+) ... Commonly resistant to B-lactams... Produces many tissue…
15 terms
Skin Infections
Skin Defenses
Staphylococcus aureus
Boil Transmission
Boil Diagnosis
Stratified Squamous Epithelium... Normal Flora... Lysozyme
Gm (+) ... Commonly resistant to B-lactams... Produces many tissue…
Direct contact or fomites... Carried in people or animals
Clinical Signs and Symptoms... Edema at sight of infection... Pain…
Skin Defenses
Stratified Squamous Epithelium... Normal Flora... Lysozyme
Staphylococcus aureus
Gm (+) ... Commonly resistant to B-lactams... Produces many tissue…
24 terms
Skin infections
Acne
Acne lesions
Impetigo
Impetigo
Bacterial infection
Papules, pustules, nodules, cycts
Bacterial infection
Highly contagious... Itchy, can spread through scratching
Acne
Bacterial infection
Acne lesions
Papules, pustules, nodules, cycts
65 terms
Skin Infections
Diphtheroids
Staphylococci
Fungi
Acne Vulgaris: Symptoms
Variably shaped, non-motile, Gram-positive rods of the Coryne…
Gram-positive cocci arranged in packets or clusters; facultat…
Small yeasts of the genus Malassezia that require oily substa…
enlarged sebaceous glands and increased secretion of sebum
Diphtheroids
Variably shaped, non-motile, Gram-positive rods of the Coryne…
Staphylococci
Gram-positive cocci arranged in packets or clusters; facultat…
13 terms
Skin Infections
Most microbial inhabitants in three gr…
Hair Follicle Infections: generally mild
S. aureus strains have many different…
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (…
Diphtheroids: oily regions (forehead, upper chest, back)... Pr…
Causative Agent:Staphylococcus aureus... Produces identifying co…
-Inhibit phagocytosis... -Allow attachment and colonization... -Enz…
Causative Agent... S. aureus strains that produce toxin called *…
Most microbial inhabitants in three gr…
Diphtheroids: oily regions (forehead, upper chest, back)... Pr…
Hair Follicle Infections: generally mild
Causative Agent:Staphylococcus aureus... Produces identifying co…
13 terms
Skin Infections
Erysipelas
Cellulitis
Folliculitis
Eikenella Corrodens
Rapidly spreading infection of the deeper layers of the dermi…
Acute infammation of subcutaneous connective tissue with swee…
Minor infection of the hair follicle; usually caused by S aur…
human bites
Erysipelas
Rapidly spreading infection of the deeper layers of the dermi…
Cellulitis
Acute infammation of subcutaneous connective tissue with swee…
8 terms
Skin Infections
Propionebacterium acnes
Staph aureus/Strep pyogenes
Clostridium perfringes
Mycobacterium leprae
acne
impetigo, cellulitis, scalded skin syndrome, necrotizing fasc…
gas gangrene
leprosy
Propionebacterium acnes
acne
Staph aureus/Strep pyogenes
impetigo, cellulitis, scalded skin syndrome, necrotizing fasc…
10 terms
Skin Infections
VERY superficial skin infection. Usual…
Acute, Painful, spreading infection of…
Infection involving the upper dermis a…
Collection of pus from a walled off in…
Impetigo
Cellulitis
Erysipelas
Abcess
VERY superficial skin infection. Usual…
Impetigo
Acute, Painful, spreading infection of…
Cellulitis
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