Study sets matching "skin infections"

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Study sets matching "skin infections"

9 terms
Skin infections
Staph scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
strept impetigo-pyoderma infection
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Lyme disease
burnt skin, redness, malaise, fever, sensitive areas are pain…
superficial skin infection, blister patches localized, yellow…
initial rash of faint pink spots, eventually spreads to other…
rash begins as small red spots at site of bite, slowly enlarg…
Staph scalded skin syndrome (SSSS)
burnt skin, redness, malaise, fever, sensitive areas are pain…
strept impetigo-pyoderma infection
superficial skin infection, blister patches localized, yellow…
7 terms
skin infections
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
rocky mountain spotted fever
lyme disease
varicella (chickenpox)
-s&s: malaise, irritability, fever, sensitive red rash with s…
-s&s: headache, pains in muscles and joints, and FEVER (in su…
-s&s: early localized infection- enlarging rash like bull's e…
-s&s: itchy bumps and blisters in various stages of developme…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
-s&s: malaise, irritability, fever, sensitive red rash with s…
rocky mountain spotted fever
-s&s: headache, pains in muscles and joints, and FEVER (in su…
12 terms
Skin infections
nationally notifiable skin infections
4 types of skin infections
Necrotizing Fasciitis (types 1 - 4)
Leprosy (Hansen's disease)
Hansen's disease, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, toxic s…
Type 1 - polymicrobial with at least one anaerobic species…
Insidiously advancing soft tissue infection characterized by…
Two connected diseases affects superficial tissues and periph…
nationally notifiable skin infections
Hansen's disease, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, toxic s…
4 types of skin infections
Type 1 - polymicrobial with at least one anaerobic species…
69 terms
Skin Infections - Infections
Hair Follicle Symptoms
Hair Follicle - Furuncles
Hair follicle - Carbuncles
Hair follicle - Epidemiology
Folliculitis presents as a small red bump or pimple. Often ti…
These are recognized by extended redness, swelling and tender…
These are recognized by large areas of redness, swelling, ten…
S. aureus is primarily found in the nostrils and nearly every…
Hair Follicle Symptoms
Folliculitis presents as a small red bump or pimple. Often ti…
Hair Follicle - Furuncles
These are recognized by extended redness, swelling and tender…
17 terms
Skin Infections
Skin Infections
Verrucae (Warts)
Verruca vulgaris:
Verruca plana
Verrucae (Warts)... Molluscum Contagiosum... Impetigo... Superficia…
Squamoproliferative disorders caused by HPV... -HPV 6 & 11 - ano…
Most common type; hands... Gray-white to tan, flat to convex pa…
Common on face... Slightly elevated, flat, smooth, tan papules
Skin Infections
Verrucae (Warts)... Molluscum Contagiosum... Impetigo... Superficia…
Verrucae (Warts)
Squamoproliferative disorders caused by HPV... -HPV 6 & 11 - ano…
120 terms
Skin infections
Natural defenses of the skin:
Normal skin flora:
Route of infection:
A skin infection is considered complic…
temperature, sebum, sweat, dry, etc.
propionibacterium acnes, staphylococci, streptococci, candida…
skin (pores/hair follicles), wounds, animal/insect bites
Involves a preexisting wound or ulceration of the skin... Involv…
Natural defenses of the skin:
temperature, sebum, sweat, dry, etc.
Normal skin flora:
propionibacterium acnes, staphylococci, streptococci, candida…
28 terms
Skin Infections
Describe Erysipelas
Common site for Erysipelas
Signs/symptoms of erysipelas
Most common organisms with erysipelas
•marked erythema... •pain... •swelling... •lymphatic involvement ... •sha…
Lower leg (face)
Fever, increased WBC, systemic ollness
•S. pyogenes (GABS), •ß-hemolytic streptococci (group B, C, G)
Describe Erysipelas
•marked erythema... •pain... •swelling... •lymphatic involvement ... •sha…
Common site for Erysipelas
Lower leg (face)
32 terms
Skin infections
Impetigo symptoms
Folliculitis symptoms
Furuncles presentation
Carbuncles
Honey colored crust on face and nares
superficial pustules on hair follicles
Severe folliculitis-- deep nodules inside the follicle
a lot of furuncles
Impetigo symptoms
Honey colored crust on face and nares
Folliculitis symptoms
superficial pustules on hair follicles
62 terms
Skin Infections
Viral Infections
HPV Cutaneous
HPV: Genital warts
HPV: Verruca Vulgaris
-HPV cutaneous... -Boewnoid Papulosis... -Filiform Warts... -Molluscum…
-Widespread in human populations (over 150 types identified)…
-90% caused by HPV 6 or 11 ... -Usually asx... -Application of *ace…
-Common wart (thrombosed capillaries)
Viral Infections
-HPV cutaneous... -Boewnoid Papulosis... -Filiform Warts... -Molluscum…
HPV Cutaneous
-Widespread in human populations (over 150 types identified)…
76 terms
Skin Infections
Skin Infections----------------------
What does skin do?
Epidermis
dermis
------------------------
1. prevents entry... 2. regulates body temperature... 3. restricts…
surface layer made from layers of fat cells... outermost are dea…
nerves, glands, blood and lymphatic vessels
Skin Infections----------------------
------------------------
What does skin do?
1. prevents entry... 2. regulates body temperature... 3. restricts…
Skin infections
Folliculitis
Furuncles
Carbuncles
Impetigo
- Pustule inflammation... - Bacteria gain entry through abrasion…
- Single hair follicle infected... - Pus filled, painful nodule…
- Multiple boils at abscess... - Caused by s. aureus and s. pyog…
- Pus forming infection... - Caused by s. aureus or s.pyogene... -…
Folliculitis
- Pustule inflammation... - Bacteria gain entry through abrasion…
Furuncles
- Single hair follicle infected... - Pus filled, painful nodule…
Skin infections
3 types of skin infections
Erysipelas microbe
Acute Cellulitis microbe
Necrotizing fasciitis microbes
Acute Cellulitis... Erysipelas... Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh eati…
Strep. pyogenes... usually Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus
Strep. pyogenes & Staph. aureus
Streptococcal species... but also....... Mixed infections including…
3 types of skin infections
Acute Cellulitis... Erysipelas... Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh eati…
Erysipelas microbe
Strep. pyogenes... usually Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus
31 terms
Skin Infections
Primary (1°) lesions
Macules
Patch
Papule
1. Flat lesions:... -macules... -patch... 2. Raised lesions:... -papule…
<1cm ... -flat lesion... -usually just color change in dermis or…
>1cm ... -flat lesion
<1cm... -raised lesion... -no fluid
Primary (1°) lesions
1. Flat lesions:... -macules... -patch... 2. Raised lesions:... -papule…
Macules
<1cm ... -flat lesion... -usually just color change in dermis or…
25 terms
Skin Infections
Impetigo
Atopic Dermatitis
Bullous Impetigo
Folliculitis
Vesicle or pustule that evolves into honey crusted plaques... M…
From S. aureus
From S. aureus... exfoliative toxins A and B
From S. aureus... Superficial: small pustule... deep: sycosis barbae
Impetigo
Vesicle or pustule that evolves into honey crusted plaques... M…
Atopic Dermatitis
From S. aureus
5 terms
Skin Infections
Staphylococcal Disease
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
Streptococcal impetigo
Lyme disease
Staph aureus, gram postive, cocci
strains of staph aureus, produces exfoliatin toxin
strep pyogenes or staph aureus (maybe)
borelia burgodoferim (large, grane negative, micoaeropholilic…
Staphylococcal Disease
Staph aureus, gram postive, cocci
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
strains of staph aureus, produces exfoliatin toxin
40 terms
Skin infections
Skin flora... -concentration... -benefits an…
Normal skin flora... - made up of
In warm, moist areas of the body the f…
Skin Rashes ... two types
Generally resistant to drying and high salt concentrations... Ov…
90% Staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase negative: different…
staphylococcus aureus, Lactobacillus spp., occasionally Gram…
Exanthem: Skin rash accompanied by systemic symptoms such as…
Skin flora... -concentration... -benefits an…
Generally resistant to drying and high salt concentrations... Ov…
Normal skin flora... - made up of
90% Staphylococcus epidermidis (coagulase negative: different…
infections of the skin
dermatitis
eczema
herpes simplex
psoriasis
inflammatory condition of the skin
inflammatory, uncomfortable, and often chronic disease of the…
recurring viral infection that often presents as a fever blis…
noncontagious skin disease characterized by red patches cover…
dermatitis
inflammatory condition of the skin
eczema
inflammatory, uncomfortable, and often chronic disease of the…
Infections of the Skin
Histology of Skin: Dermis
Maculopapular Rash
Scarlet Fever caused by
Lines of Attack
Composed of a matrix of proteins and mucopolysaccharides... Sup…
Red or erythematous skin lesions with flat or slightly elevat…
S. Pyogenes ... Maculopapular rash
1. breach of intact skin... 2. skin manifestations of systemic…
Histology of Skin: Dermis
Composed of a matrix of proteins and mucopolysaccharides... Sup…
Maculopapular Rash
Red or erythematous skin lesions with flat or slightly elevat…
22 terms
Skin Infections
Common microbe which causes disease on…
Which bacterial skin infection is norm…
Which bacteria is found in abundance i…
Describe the histological characterist…
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Corynebacterium (C. diptheria)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Staph = G+ cocci arranged in bunches, they also produce catal…
Common microbe which causes disease on…
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Which bacterial skin infection is norm…
Corynebacterium (C. diptheria)
Skin Infections
Desquamation of the Palms and soles... st…
Gram + cocci in clusters... -yellow colon…
production of exfoliatin exotoxin dest…
Neonates and young children... Scalded S…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
A 3 week old infant is brought to the ED with desquamation of…
A 3 week old infant is brought to the ED with desquamation of…
Desquamation of the Palms and soles... st…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
Gram + cocci in clusters... -yellow colon…
A 34-year-old female presents to the emergency room via ambul…
Skin Infections
What is a potentially serious infectio…
What is a superficial form of cellulit…
What is MRSA no longer sensitive to?
What are the signs and symptoms of cel…
Cellulitis
Erysipelas
It is no longer sensitive to the penicillin and cephalosporin…
HELP HEFT; 1.) Heat 2.) Edema 3.) Leukocytosis 4.) Pain 5.) H…
What is a potentially serious infectio…
Cellulitis
What is a superficial form of cellulit…
Erysipelas
19 terms
Skin Infections
What are skin's defenses?
microbial strategies to bypass defenses
characteristics of staphylococcus aureus
staphylococcus aureus toxins
*Stratified squamous epithelium... -tight junctions between cell…
Parenteral route break in skin allows microbes to enter... -ab…
-gm +... - usually resistant to beta-lactams... - produces many tox…
- hemolysin... - leukocidin... - enterotoxin... - TSS toxin... - Epidermo…
What are skin's defenses?
*Stratified squamous epithelium... -tight junctions between cell…
microbial strategies to bypass defenses
Parenteral route break in skin allows microbes to enter... -ab…
Skin Infections
macules
papules
vesicles
pustules
flat, non-palpable lesions
palpable lesions. Mildest form of acne lesion. Small firm pin…
palpable, fluid-filled lesions
palpable and contain visible pus. Clearly inflamed
macules
flat, non-palpable lesions
papules
palpable lesions. Mildest form of acne lesion. Small firm pin…
13 terms
Skin Infections
Hair Follicle Infections
Staphylococcus Scalded Skin Syndrome (…
Streptococcal Impetigo
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Causative agent: Staphylococcus aureus... Folliculitis: Presents…
Causative agent: S. aureus... -Occurs primarily in infants, elde…
Causative agent: Streptococcus pyogenes... -Gram-positive, β he…
Causative agent: Rickettsia rickettsii... -Obligate, intracellu…
Hair Follicle Infections
Causative agent: Staphylococcus aureus... Folliculitis: Presents…
Staphylococcus Scalded Skin Syndrome (…
Causative agent: S. aureus... -Occurs primarily in infants, elde…
Skin infections
LOS
Skin is Intrinsically Resistant to Inf…
Skin microbiota
Causes of Skin and Soft Tissue Infecti…
To appreciate the nature of selected skin... and soft tissue inf…
Due to:... • low water content... • low pH... • low temperature... • hig…
• Comprises mainly bacteria and some yeasts... • Composition and…
• Bacteria (Staph. aureus, Str. pyogenes, clostridia)... • Fungi…
LOS
To appreciate the nature of selected skin... and soft tissue inf…
Skin is Intrinsically Resistant to Inf…
Due to:... • low water content... • low pH... • low temperature... • hig…
6 terms
skin infections
a non-contagious disease caused by the…
contagious fungal infection that infec…
non-contagious disease in the skin, du…
chronic inflammatory skin disease char…
acne vulgaris
athlete foot
dermatitis
eczema
a non-contagious disease caused by the…
acne vulgaris
contagious fungal infection that infec…
athlete foot
7 terms
Skin Infections
Folliculitits
Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS)
Rocky Mt Spotted Fever
Lyme Disease
-S. aureus... -gram pos. cocci... -pimples
-exfoliatin producing S. aeurus... -antibiotics... -peeling, bliste…
-R. rickettsii... -gram neg. coccobacilli, obligate intracellula…
-B. burgdorferi... -gram neg., microaerophilic spirochete... -bull'…
Folliculitits
-S. aureus... -gram pos. cocci... -pimples
Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS)
-exfoliatin producing S. aeurus... -antibiotics... -peeling, bliste…
18 terms
Skin Infections
Defenses of the Skin
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Normal Flora
Lysozyme
Stratified Squamous epithelium... Normal Flora... Lysozyme
Thigh junctions between Cells... keratinized for water proofing
breakdown oils to fatty acids... (drop in ph inhibits the growth…
Secreted by zealous and sweat glands and degrades peptidoglycan
Defenses of the Skin
Stratified Squamous epithelium... Normal Flora... Lysozyme
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Thigh junctions between Cells... keratinized for water proofing
SKIN INFECTIONS
Skin
Sweat glands
Sebaceous glands
Diphtheroids
Def
Def
Def
Def... Classification
Skin
Def
Sweat glands
Def
178 terms
Skin Infections
Normal Microbiota
Diphtheroids
Diphtheroids example
Propionibacterium acnes
Diphtheroids... Staphylococci... Yeast
Gram positive, pleomorphic rods... Low virulence
Propionibacterium acnes
Common in all people... Lives in hair follicles... Not cause of a…
Normal Microbiota
Diphtheroids... Staphylococci... Yeast
Diphtheroids
Gram positive, pleomorphic rods... Low virulence
14 terms
Skin infections
Acne
Athlete's foot
Dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis
Hyper sebaceous glands
Fungal infection, aka jock itch
Inflammatory response to an irritant
Dandruff
Acne
Hyper sebaceous glands
Athlete's foot
Fungal infection, aka jock itch
Skin infections
Normal microbiota
Staphylococcus aureus diseases
Strep pyogenes diseases
Lyme disease causative agent
yeast (malassezia), staphylococci, diphtheroids
...
...
Borrelia burgdorferi (microaerophilic spirochete), transferre…
Normal microbiota
yeast (malassezia), staphylococci, diphtheroids
Staphylococcus aureus diseases
...
Skin Infections
Acne; nonpreventable; nonfatal
Impetigo; contagious; peeling skin, cr…
Cellulitis; trauma;
Scalded Skin Syndrome; babies; exfolia…
Propionebacterium acnes
Staph aureus and Strept pyogenes
Staph aureus and Strept pyogenes
Staph aureus
Acne; nonpreventable; nonfatal
Propionebacterium acnes
Impetigo; contagious; peeling skin, cr…
Staph aureus and Strept pyogenes
skin infections
bacterial
Fever
Hair follicle infections (bacterial)
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (…
Fever and out are strong indicators of _________ disease
increase in body temp because ... most bacteria in humans have a…
symptoms: folliculitus--> furnaces--> carbuncles... causative ag…
Symptoms: skin appears to be burned, malaise, irritability, f…
bacterial
Fever and out are strong indicators of _________ disease
Fever
increase in body temp because ... most bacteria in humans have a…
32 terms
skin infections
erythrasma
organism responsible for erythrasma
treatment of erythrasma
impetigo
-hyperpigmented patches ... -bright coral red fluoresence with W…
corynebacterium minutissimum
topical erythromycin or clindamycin... miconazole, clotrimazole,…
-common, contagious, superficial skin infection... -bullous and…
erythrasma
-hyperpigmented patches ... -bright coral red fluoresence with W…
organism responsible for erythrasma
corynebacterium minutissimum
Skin Infections
Skin flora group
Number of bacteria are determined by
Diphtheroids
Staphylococci
- diphtheroids... - staphylococci... - yeasts
location and moisture content
- gram positive... - varied shape... - low virulence... - responsible…
- gram positive... - salt tolerant... - relatively avirulent... - can…
Skin flora group
- diphtheroids... - staphylococci... - yeasts
Number of bacteria are determined by
location and moisture content
Skin Infections
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Lyme Disease
Chicken Pox
Measles
- Cause: Rickettsia rickettsii ... - Symp: Hemorrhagic rash, pin…
-Cause: Boreelia burgdorfeli... - Sym: Enlarged skin rash, flu l…
-Cause: vecilla-zoster inhaled... - Sym: Skin rash back of head,…
Cause: rubella vies paramyxovirus... Sym: rash, nasal discharge…
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
- Cause: Rickettsia rickettsii ... - Symp: Hemorrhagic rash, pin…
Lyme Disease
-Cause: Boreelia burgdorfeli... - Sym: Enlarged skin rash, flu l…
Skin Infections
terbinafine
butenafine
clotrimazole
miconazole
lamasil AT
lotrimin ultra
lotrimin
monistat
terbinafine
lamasil AT
butenafine
lotrimin ultra
13 terms
Skin Infections
abscess
cutaneous vesicle
pyoderma
impetigo
collection of pus
blister; fluid-filled sac
cutaneous abscess
ruptured pustules that form dried crusts
abscess
collection of pus
cutaneous vesicle
blister; fluid-filled sac
skin infections
generalized redness, malaise, irritabi…
blisters, replaced by yellowing crust,…
rash of faint pink spots (palms wrists…
migrating skin rash, enlarged lymph no…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome CA: staphylococcus aureu…
streptococcal impetigo; CA: streptococcus pyogenes; bacteria
rocky mountain spotted fever;CA rickettsia rickettsii; bacteria
lyme disease CA: borrelia burgdorferi ; bacteria
generalized redness, malaise, irritabi…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome CA: staphylococcus aureu…
blisters, replaced by yellowing crust,…
streptococcal impetigo; CA: streptococcus pyogenes; bacteria
51 terms
Skin Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
S. aureus pathogenicity
S. aureus epidemiology
S. aureus S/S
Bacterial- coagulase positive, golden-yellow colonies, 20% no…
1. Production of B-lactamases 2. Production of Superinfection…
Found in nostrils, skin, intestines, vagina and spreads hand…
Folliculitis, furuncles, carbuncle, scalded skin syndrome, S.…
Staphylococcus aureus
Bacterial- coagulase positive, golden-yellow colonies, 20% no…
S. aureus pathogenicity
1. Production of B-lactamases 2. Production of Superinfection…
Skin Infections
Boil
Carbuncle
Athlete's Foot
Impetigo
A painful, pus-filled bump under the skin that is caused by i…
A group of pus-filled bumps forming a connected area of infec…
An infection that usually begins between the toes, usually ca…
A highly contagious skin infection that causes red bumps typi…
Boil
A painful, pus-filled bump under the skin that is caused by i…
Carbuncle
A group of pus-filled bumps forming a connected area of infec…
Skin Infections
Hair Follicle Infections
Chickenpox
Lyme Disease
Tinea versicolor
Minor to major skin infections caused by S. aureus
Itchy bumps and blisters caused by varicellazoster virus
Rash, joint pain, heart and nervous disorders, caused by B. b…
Rash and skin pigmentation and scaliness, caused by M. furfur
Hair Follicle Infections
Minor to major skin infections caused by S. aureus
Chickenpox
Itchy bumps and blisters caused by varicellazoster virus
Skin Infections
Folliculitis (causative agent)
Folliculitis (pathogenesis)
Folliculitis (treatment)
Impetigo (causative agent)
Staphylococcus Aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
invasion of follicle, multiplication of staph., inflammatory…
drainage of pus, Flucloxacilin, mupirocin
Streptococcus Pyogenes (developing nations) Staphylococcus Au…
Folliculitis (causative agent)
Staphylococcus Aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Folliculitis (pathogenesis)
invasion of follicle, multiplication of staph., inflammatory…
Skin Infections
Fungi, Bacteria and Virus
Tinea Infection
Releases toxins on the skin causing ir…
Tinea and Canclidia infection
Cause skin infections
Affect karatinized epidermis, has assortment of s&s
Canclida infection
2 types of fungal infections
Fungi, Bacteria and Virus
Cause skin infections
Tinea Infection
Affect karatinized epidermis, has assortment of s&s
Skin Infections
Rubeola (measles)
Rubella (German Measles)
Warts
Superficial Cutaneous Mycoses
-hemaglutinin and fusion protein on envelope... -respiratory rou…
-Damage during pregnancy... -respiratory route; moves to blood s…
-small tumors... -treatment: killing remaining abnormal cells... -P…
-invade hair, nails, keratin in skin (can lead to jock itch,…
Rubeola (measles)
-hemaglutinin and fusion protein on envelope... -respiratory rou…
Rubella (German Measles)
-Damage during pregnancy... -respiratory route; moves to blood s…
46 terms
Skin Infections
macules
papules
vesicles
pustules
flat, non-palpable lesions
red, palpable lesions
palpable, fluid-filled lesions
palpable lesions containing pus
macules
flat, non-palpable lesions
papules
red, palpable lesions
Skin infections
Microbial invasion occurs via
Four main types of skin lesions
macules
papules
obstructed ducts, hairs, sweat glands. Trauma from wounds, ab…
macules, papules, vesicles, pustules
flat, non-palpable lesions
palpable lesions
Microbial invasion occurs via
obstructed ducts, hairs, sweat glands. Trauma from wounds, ab…
Four main types of skin lesions
macules, papules, vesicles, pustules
6 terms
Skin Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Rickettsia rickettsii
Organism ... gram + cocci in cluster, color yellowish, tests po…
Group A Strep... organism: ... gram + cocci in chains, catalase -,…
organism... gram - rod with unusual porin structure which protec…
Organism ... obligate intracellular, gram - rod, ... disease... rocky…
Staphylococcus aureus
Organism ... gram + cocci in cluster, color yellowish, tests po…
Streptococcus pyogenes
Group A Strep... organism: ... gram + cocci in chains, catalase -,…
Skin Infections
AIDS
Anthrax
Bacteremia
Bacteriuria
Caused by HIV
Caused by spore forming bacteria and mainly affects livestock
Presence of bacteria in the blood as the result of an infection
Presence of bacteria in the urine cause by infection
AIDS
Caused by HIV
Anthrax
Caused by spore forming bacteria and mainly affects livestock
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