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Study sets matching "skin soft"

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Study sets matching "skin soft"

11 terms
Skin & soft tissue infection
Primary cause of cellulitis
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Organism frequently implicated in skin…
Which fungus causes nodular skin lesio…
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Staphylococcus aureus
Pasteurella multocida
Sporothrix schenckii
Primary cause of cellulitis
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Staphylococcus aureus
20 terms
CM- Skin/Soft Tissue
What are considered Skin/ Soft tissue…
What is the MC Contagious superficial…
Most common Sites Of impetigo?
Predisposing factors of impetigo?
Cellulitis, impetigo, abcess
Impetigo
Face, limbs
Warm, Moist climates... Poor Hygeine
What are considered Skin/ Soft tissue…
Cellulitis, impetigo, abcess
What is the MC Contagious superficial…
Impetigo
44 terms
Skin + Soft Tissue Infection
What is the master regulator of Staph?
What type of strep is responsible for…
How does strep adhere?
How does strep evade the immune system?
Agr (also SarA)
Strep pyogenes
M protein- bind to skin cells... Capsule- bind CD44... ECM bind…
M protein- anti-complement... * Hyaluronate Capsule- anti-phago…
What is the master regulator of Staph?
Agr (also SarA)
What type of strep is responsible for…
Strep pyogenes
61 terms
Skin/Soft Tissue
Skin is made up of
3 routes of Infection to Skin
Exogenous Routes of Infection:
Endogenous Route of Infection
Surface: ... Thin Epidermis w/loose keratin... Middle layer: ... Papi…
Endogenous: from source within... Exogenous: from external sourc…
Direct invasion from external environment: ... Cuts, Wound, Inse…
Invasion occurs from within either spread ... hematogenously or…
Skin is made up of
Surface: ... Thin Epidermis w/loose keratin... Middle layer: ... Papi…
3 routes of Infection to Skin
Endogenous: from source within... Exogenous: from external sourc…
46 terms
skin & soft tissue infections
normal skin flora
2 most common organisms that cause SSTIs
uncomplicated SSTI
complicated SSTI
-diphtheroids (corynebacterium sp)... -propionibacteriaceae... -bac…
-streptococcus pyogenes... -staphylococcus aureus
-involve superficial layers of the skin - epidermis, dermis,…
-involve deeper skin structures - fascia, muscle... -requires su…
normal skin flora
-diphtheroids (corynebacterium sp)... -propionibacteriaceae... -bac…
2 most common organisms that cause SSTIs
-streptococcus pyogenes... -staphylococcus aureus
103 terms
Skin + Soft Tissue Infections
Epidermis
Dermis
Skin's normal flora must be...
Chemicals in sweat and sebum are...
Thin, outer portion consisting of several layers of epithelia…
Thick inner portion, connective tissues, hair follicles, swea…
- Resistant to DRYING, HIGH SALT CONCENTRATIONS, mainly gram…
Antimicrobial
Epidermis
Thin, outer portion consisting of several layers of epithelia…
Dermis
Thick inner portion, connective tissues, hair follicles, swea…
35 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Skin & Soft tissue infections
6 Common Skin Infections
Impetigo
Impetigo
- result from external sources (more common) or from systemic…
Impetigo... Folliculitis, Furuncle, Carbuncle... Cellulitis... Erysipe…
- superficial skin infection (primarily in young children)... -…
yellowish crust, honey colored... can become advanced & severe
Skin & Soft tissue infections
- result from external sources (more common) or from systemic…
6 Common Skin Infections
Impetigo... Folliculitis, Furuncle, Carbuncle... Cellulitis... Erysipe…
25 terms
skin and soft tissue
impetigo
erysipelas
erythrasma
cellulitis
GAS (pyogenes), Staph aureus; penicillin
GAS (pyogenes); penicillin
Corynebacterium minutissimum; erythromycin ("erythromycin for…
S. aureus, S. pyogenes, H. influenza (kids, face), Enterobact…
impetigo
GAS (pyogenes), Staph aureus; penicillin
erysipelas
GAS (pyogenes); penicillin
9 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue
Impetigo
Folliculitis
Furuncle
Carbuncle
Impetigo
Folliculitis
62 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue
Impetigo Caused by...
Impetigo Clinical
Impetigo Treatment
Erysipelas Caused by...
Caused by Group A Streptococcus (S. pyogenes), Staphylococcus…
Vesicles that rupture and result in honey colored crusting
Penicillin, topical mupirocin
Group A streptococcus... Intradermal infection with lymphatic in…
Impetigo Caused by...
Caused by Group A Streptococcus (S. pyogenes), Staphylococcus…
Impetigo Clinical
Vesicles that rupture and result in honey colored crusting
46 terms
Skin and Soft Tissues
Superficial infection with numerous, l…
Impetigo bugs
Impetigo treatment
Superficial inflammation involving hai…
impetigo
B-hemolytic strep, Staph aureus
Penicillinase-resistant penicillin, 1st ceph (clinda, macroli…
folliculitis
Superficial infection with numerous, l…
impetigo
Impetigo bugs
B-hemolytic strep, Staph aureus
16 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Impetigo Dx & Tx
Gas Gangrene Myonecrosis (Epidemiology…
What is non-traumatic myonecrosis caus…
Pyomyositis
Dx = Clinical, honey curs skin characterized by vesicle forma…
Post Trauma (devitalized tissues allow for Anaerobe Growth)…
Clostridium Septicum ... GI abnormalities, Neutropenia, & leuko…
Bacteremia induced (Staph Aureus usually) .. infection arises…
Impetigo Dx & Tx
Dx = Clinical, honey curs skin characterized by vesicle forma…
Gas Gangrene Myonecrosis (Epidemiology…
Post Trauma (devitalized tissues allow for Anaerobe Growth)…
10 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Cellulitis
Erysipelas
Folliculitis
Furuncle
Cellulitis
Erysipelas
92 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Organisms
Source of Infection
What Predisposes Patients To Bacterial…
Identification of the Specific Cause o…
Bacteria... Fungi... Viruses... Protozoa... Mycobacteria ... Rickettsiae
Superficial structures of skin ... • hair follicles... Exogenous p…
Conditions that disrupt the skin and alter its normal barrier…
History... Physical examination... Laboratory tests... Other diagno…
Organisms
Bacteria... Fungi... Viruses... Protozoa... Mycobacteria ... Rickettsiae
Source of Infection
Superficial structures of skin ... • hair follicles... Exogenous p…
14 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Resistance to SSTI
Most Common Organisms
Acute Presentation
Chronic Presentation
Physical-chemical barriers ... Innate immune system ... Most infect…
Strep pyogenes (esp comm acquired infections)... Staph aureus
Most SSTI's are acute... 2-3 days, innate immune response... Extrac…
Suggests hematogenous route (retained foreign body) and *in…
Resistance to SSTI
Physical-chemical barriers ... Innate immune system ... Most infect…
Most Common Organisms
Strep pyogenes (esp comm acquired infections)... Staph aureus
47 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs)
Folliculitis
Clinical presentation of folliculitis
Furuncles
______________ May involve any or all layers of the skin, fas…
Inflammation of the hair follicle, caused by physical injury,…
Pruritic, erythematous papules typically appear within 48 hou…
Also known as abscess or boil, walled-off mass of purulent ma…
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs)
______________ May involve any or all layers of the skin, fas…
Folliculitis
Inflammation of the hair follicle, caused by physical injury,…
40 terms
Skin and soft tissue infection
2 הפתוגנים העיקריים
סטרפטוקוקים
צביעת גראם של מוגלה
שני סוגים של קלאסיפיקציה
strep... staph
גראם חיוביים בשרשראות... אנאירוביים פקולטטיביים ... אינם מוטיליים…
ברקע -ורוד שהוא השרידים של תאי דם לבנים... לכן כדאי תמיד להסתכל…
מורפולוגית- המוליזה... סרולוגית- קפסולה ונוגדנים
2 הפתוגנים העיקריים
strep... staph
סטרפטוקוקים
גראם חיוביים בשרשראות... אנאירוביים פקולטטיביים ... אינם מוטיליים…
48 terms
Skin/Soft Tissue Infections
Skin Fxn
Hair follicle/apocrine infections
Carbuncles
Furuncles
1) Protection:... --UV light, Chemicals, Mechanical, Infection,…
-carbuncles, furuncles, folliculitis, pyodermic (pustular)... -e…
-coalescent, extensive
-deep isolated nodules
Skin Fxn
1) Protection:... --UV light, Chemicals, Mechanical, Infection,…
Hair follicle/apocrine infections
-carbuncles, furuncles, folliculitis, pyodermic (pustular)... -e…
88 terms
Micro- skin and soft-tissue
impetigo
bullous impetigo
ecthyma
furnucle/boil
honey crust... caused by strep pyogenes, staph aureus
impetigo with blistering ... caused by staph aureus
slightly deeper infection ... often due to untreated impetigo (h…
infection of entire hair follicle and adjacent subcutaneous t…
impetigo
honey crust... caused by strep pyogenes, staph aureus
bullous impetigo
impetigo with blistering ... caused by staph aureus
138 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue
Macule
Papule
Vesicle
Boils (furuncle) and carbuncles
Flat red inflammatory response to a microbe or toxin
Raised, red with more marked inflamm than mac
Blister
Infection of hair follicle... Furuncle: Coagulation of fibrin ar…
Macule
Flat red inflammatory response to a microbe or toxin
Papule
Raised, red with more marked inflamm than mac
9 terms
Soft Tissue and Skin Infections
Impetigo
Erysipela
Erythrasma
Cellulitis
Group A strep, Staph aureus... ruptured vesicles with honey colo…
Group A strep... demarcated erythematous patch w/ edema, pain, f…
Cornybacterium minutissium... demarcated brown macular patches,…
Group A strep, Staph aureus, H. influenza, Enterobact, anaero…
Impetigo
Group A strep, Staph aureus... ruptured vesicles with honey colo…
Erysipela
Group A strep... demarcated erythematous patch w/ edema, pain, f…
16 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococci
Clostridia Perfingens
Uncomplicated vs Complicated SKin infe…
-Grapes, gram (+) cocci... -Protein A, adhesins, invasins, toxin…
-Gram positive cocci in rows... -Group A is common soft tissue i…
-Gram positive rods... -Form spores... -In habitat so see most comm…
Uncomplicated: involves superficial layers w/ no underlying m…
Staphylococcus aureus
-Grapes, gram (+) cocci... -Protein A, adhesins, invasins, toxin…
Streptococci
-Gram positive cocci in rows... -Group A is common soft tissue i…
34 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue infections
Epidermis
Dermis
subcutaneous
Aerboic bacteria of skin
Epithelial cells; outermost layer, hair follicles, glands
Middle layer, thick layer of connective tissue, sweat glands…
has sweat glands, lower layer; hair follicles etc
Staphyloccus epidermis, S. aurues... Corynebacterium spp.
Epidermis
Epithelial cells; outermost layer, hair follicles, glands
Dermis
Middle layer, thick layer of connective tissue, sweat glands…
14 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue
Organisms of consideration of cellulit…
AB's of choice in Cellulitis?
IF MRSA + cellulitis, what is the outp…
If MRSA + cellulitis, what is the inpa…
S pyogenes, S aureus
antistaph pcn (naf, oxa, diclox)... PCN G (if def. strep)... eryth…
X 10 DAYS... Clindamycin, Linezolid, TMP/SMZ or doxycycline (+ b…
vancomycin, linezolid, daptomycin, clindamycin, telavancin, t…
Organisms of consideration of cellulit…
S pyogenes, S aureus
AB's of choice in Cellulitis?
antistaph pcn (naf, oxa, diclox)... PCN G (if def. strep)... eryth…
33 terms
Skin & soft tissue infections
Impetigo
Tinea
Pityriasis versicolor
Paronychia
"School sores" or pyoderma, red papules, pustules and plaques…
Dermatophyte infection (fungi). T. Rubrum
Malassezia furfur
Around nail. Staph aureus. Warm water soak and augmentin or c…
Impetigo
"School sores" or pyoderma, red papules, pustules and plaques…
Tinea
Dermatophyte infection (fungi). T. Rubrum
10 terms
Skin, Soft Tissue, and Bone
Cutaneous
Jobs Disease
Impetigo
St Anthony fire `
*Staph aureus most common
*recurrent Staph infection... *Recurrent abscesses... *IgE in sputu…
*Thick crust ... *amber varnish ... *staph
*red brawny thickening... *septecemia... *strep
Cutaneous
*Staph aureus most common
Jobs Disease
*recurrent Staph infection... *Recurrent abscesses... *IgE in sputu…
25 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Skin Layers? And Explain Structure
Skin Flora. Gram? Resistant to? Chemic…
Skin Flora. Composed of? (Coagulase?)…
Skin Rashes. Define. Exanthem? Enanthe…
Epidermis - thin layer of epithelial cells. Outermost, mostly…
- Gram Positive... - Resistive to Drying & High Salt... - Chemicals…
- 90% staphylococcus epidermidis... - Coagulase negative... - Chang…
- Change in colour/Texture of skin... - Exanthem - skin rash acc…
Skin Layers? And Explain Structure
Epidermis - thin layer of epithelial cells. Outermost, mostly…
Skin Flora. Gram? Resistant to? Chemic…
- Gram Positive... - Resistive to Drying & High Salt... - Chemicals…
21 terms
Skin & soft tissue infection
Primary cause of cellulitis
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Organism frequently implicated in skin…
Which fungus causes nodular skin lesio…
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Staphylococcus aureus
Pasteurella multocida
Sporothrix schenckii
Primary cause of cellulitis
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Staphylococcus aureus
40 terms
Skin & soft tissue infection
Primary cause of cellulitis
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Organism frequently implicated in skin…
Which fungus causes nodular skin lesio…
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Staphylococcus aureus
Pasteurella multocida... CP: cellulitis, osteomyelitis
Sporothrix schenckii... -Dimorphic, cigar-shaped budding yeast…
Primary cause of cellulitis
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Staphylococcus aureus
Skin/Soft Tissue Infections
Describe the predisposing factors for…
List the microorganisms of normal skin
What is the likely pathogens in impeti…
What is the likely pathogen for cellul…
High concentration of bacteria on skin (>10^5 CFUs/sq inch)…
Gram + (CoNS, micrococci, corynbacterium, propionbacterium)... G…
Impetigo (superficial infection just affect epidermis) = S. a…
Cellulitis (epidermis and dermis infection, can spread to mus…
Describe the predisposing factors for…
High concentration of bacteria on skin (>10^5 CFUs/sq inch)…
List the microorganisms of normal skin
Gram + (CoNS, micrococci, corynbacterium, propionbacterium)... G…
54 terms
skin and soft tissue
What are the Common pyogenic skin infe…
What are the other soft tissue infecti…
Describe the cross-section of the skin
What are the risk factors and symptoms…
Impetigo... Folliculitis... Furuncles and carbuncles Cellulitis…
Tetanus... Gas gangrene... Necrotising fasciitis... Staphylococcal…
Minor trauma, underlying dermatitis, nasal carriage of Staphy…
What are the Common pyogenic skin infe…
Impetigo... Folliculitis... Furuncles and carbuncles Cellulitis…
What are the other soft tissue infecti…
Tetanus... Gas gangrene... Necrotising fasciitis... Staphylococcal…
159 terms
Skin and soft tissue infections
What are 3 mechanisms by which someone…
What is a primary source infection?
What is a blood borne infection?
What is a toxin infection?
1) primary source ... 2) blood borne... 3) toxins
There is a compromise in the skin where the bacteria can gain…
Bacteria gains access to the blood vessels in the skin... - can…
- the toxin (not really the organism) is what causes the dama…
What are 3 mechanisms by which someone…
1) primary source ... 2) blood borne... 3) toxins
What is a primary source infection?
There is a compromise in the skin where the bacteria can gain…
19 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Impetigo tx
Cellulitis & Erysipelas tx PO
Cellulitis & Erysipelas tx IV
MRSA Cellulitis
PO: Dicloxacillin, Cephalexin, Clindamycin, Augmentin... Mupiroc…
Dicloxacillin... Cephalexin... Clindamycin... TMP/SMX... 5 DOT is as effe…
Naficillin... Cefazolin... Vancomycin (MRSA) ... Clindamycin
Vancomycin... Linezolid (good, shuts down toxin production to0)…
Impetigo tx
PO: Dicloxacillin, Cephalexin, Clindamycin, Augmentin... Mupiroc…
Cellulitis & Erysipelas tx PO
Dicloxacillin... Cephalexin... Clindamycin... TMP/SMX... 5 DOT is as effe…
97 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
What are the leading cause of SSTI's
Who gets polymicrobial infections?
What are the four layers of the skin
Where does necrotizing fascitis affect?
Strep and staph
immunocompromised... diabetes... vascular insufficiency ... burns... decu…
epidermis--non vascular... dermis--hair follicles, blood vessels…
Fascia of the skin
What are the leading cause of SSTI's
Strep and staph
Who gets polymicrobial infections?
immunocompromised... diabetes... vascular insufficiency ... burns... decu…
20 terms
137 - Skin and Soft Tissue
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Laceration from the following - organi…
LIST IN TEXT... Indications for antibiot…
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
Salt water : Vibrio Vulnificus... Fresh watert : Aeromonas... Tre…
Comorbidities... Immunosuppression... Systemically unwell... HD ins…
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
20 terms
137 - Skin and Soft Tissue
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Laceration from the following - organi…
LIST IN TEXT... Indications for antibiot…
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
Salt water : Vibrio Vulnificus... Fresh watert : Aeromonas... Tre…
Comorbidities... Immunosuppression... Systemically unwell... HD ins…
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
31 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infection
What is a common location of skin/soft…
Explain how injection drug use (especi…
What are 2 things that should be consi…
What organism should be suspected in a…
scrotum... -- if it spreads to the abdominal wall then it can b…
drug compromises blood flow (e.g. constricts vessels) leading…
1. drug use... 2. lymphedema (classically following BRCA Tx in f…
vibrio vulnificus
What is a common location of skin/soft…
scrotum... -- if it spreads to the abdominal wall then it can b…
Explain how injection drug use (especi…
drug compromises blood flow (e.g. constricts vessels) leading…
20 terms
137 - Skin and Soft Tissue
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Laceration from the following - organi…
LIST IN TEXT... Indications for antibiot…
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
Salt water : Vibrio Vulnificus... Fresh watert : Aeromonas... Tre…
Comorbidities... Immunosuppression... Systemically unwell... HD ins…
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
20 terms
137 - Skin and Soft Tissue
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Laceration from the following - organi…
LIST IN TEXT... Indications for antibiot…
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
Salt water : Vibrio Vulnificus... Fresh watert : Aeromonas... Tre…
Comorbidities... Immunosuppression... Systemically unwell... HD ins…
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
31 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infection
Most skin/soft tissue infections are w…
What are some factors that can lead to…
What is folliculitis?
What is a furuncle and carbuncles?
+
High concentration of microbes... Excessive moisture... Inadequate…
Inflammation of hair follicule
Furuncles are hair follicle infections that extends to the SQ…
Most skin/soft tissue infections are w…
+
What are some factors that can lead to…
High concentration of microbes... Excessive moisture... Inadequate…
23 terms
137 - Skin and Soft Tissue
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA... H…
Treatment of simple cellulitis ... MC pa…
PICTURE... - Identify... - Organism... - Cla…
Laceration from the following - organi…
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
Streptococcus species ... - Keflex 500mg QID x 5 DAYS... - Amoxici…
Erysipelas... Strep (MC S. Pyogenes)... Well-demarcated erythema…
Salt water : Vibrio Vulnificus... Fresh water : Aeromonas... Trea…
BOX-ISH... List risk factors for MRSA... H…
HA-MRSA... - Recent hospitalization... - Resides in long term care…
Treatment of simple cellulitis ... MC pa…
Streptococcus species ... - Keflex 500mg QID x 5 DAYS... - Amoxici…
36 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
What is cellulitis?
Clinical presentation of cellulitis
Bacterial etiology of Cellulitis
What PO Rx can you use for Cellulitis?
acute spreading infection of the skin + CT... Etiology: any tra…
edematous, erythematous hot limb... constitutional signs may be…
Group A Strep and S. Aureus
Since this is Staph/Strep infection:... 1. Cephalosporin (cepha…
What is cellulitis?
acute spreading infection of the skin + CT... Etiology: any tra…
Clinical presentation of cellulitis
edematous, erythematous hot limb... constitutional signs may be…
20 terms
Skin and Soft tissue infections
What are the " Go to" oral treatments…
What are the " Go to" IV treatments fo…
What is Impetigo?
What is Folliculitis
MSSA and Strep: ... - 1st generation cephs (Cephalaxin)... - Anti-s…
MSSA and Strep:... - 1st gen ceph (Cefazolin)... -Anti-staph PCN (o…
Infection of face that causes intra-epidermal,unilocular vesi…
Inflammation of the hair folicles with eruptions of pustules…
What are the " Go to" oral treatments…
MSSA and Strep: ... - 1st generation cephs (Cephalaxin)... - Anti-s…
What are the " Go to" IV treatments fo…
MSSA and Strep:... - 1st gen ceph (Cefazolin)... -Anti-staph PCN (o…
23 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
A honey colored crust indicates ______…
Folliculitis is infection of _________…
When someone says a patient has a boil…
What organism causes spa folliculitis?
Impetigo... S. aureus or S. pyogenes
Hair follicle... Follicle + surrounding tissue... Several adjoining…
A furuncle
P. aeruginosa
A honey colored crust indicates ______…
Impetigo... S. aureus or S. pyogenes
Folliculitis is infection of _________…
Hair follicle... Follicle + surrounding tissue... Several adjoining…
61 terms
Skin and Soft Tissue Neoplasms
What is the most common pigmented lesi…
Describe freckles.
What is lentigo?
Describe the histology of lentigo.
freckle
darken or appear after sun exposure, increased amounts of mel…
benign localized hyperplasia of melanocytes occurring at all…
linear melanocytic hyperplasia, restricted to cell layer dire…
What is the most common pigmented lesi…
freckle
Describe freckles.
darken or appear after sun exposure, increased amounts of mel…
99 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Infections may involve:
Majority are caused by
Majority of community acquired SSTIs c…
Most common cause of SSTIs in hospital…
any of all skin layers
gram + organisms on skin surface
S. aureus & S. pyogenes
S. aureus
Infections may involve:
any of all skin layers
Majority are caused by
gram + organisms on skin surface
21 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
SSTIs
SSTIs can be described by
incidence of SSTIs associated with inc…
Empiric therapy
any infection one or more layers of skin structure which may…
1. site of infection 2. pathogen 3. community or hospital acu…
obesity, T2DM, vascular disease
therapy based on experience, begun on the basis of clinical e…
SSTIs
any infection one or more layers of skin structure which may…
SSTIs can be described by
1. site of infection 2. pathogen 3. community or hospital acu…
16 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Impetigo causative organisms
Impetigo oral tx
Impetigo tx with suspected MRSA
Cellulitis causative organisms
Staph, Beta-hemolytic Strep, rarely MRSA
Cephalexin, Dicloxacillin, or Clindamycin (PCN allergy) X 7D
Clindamycin, Doxycycline, or Bactrim X 7D
Predominately Beta-hemolytic Strep, rarely Staph aureus
Impetigo causative organisms
Staph, Beta-hemolytic Strep, rarely MRSA
Impetigo oral tx
Cephalexin, Dicloxacillin, or Clindamycin (PCN allergy) X 7D
43 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Impetigo
Etiology of Impetigo
Treatment of Impetigo
Folliculitis
superficial skin infection: heat, humidity, minor trauma, poo…
S. aureus, S. pyogenes... - vesicles pustulate and rupture, deve…
warm compresses, topical Mupirocin (Bactroban), Dicloxacillin…
limited infection of hair follicle... -patients complain of itch…
Impetigo
superficial skin infection: heat, humidity, minor trauma, poo…
Etiology of Impetigo
S. aureus, S. pyogenes... - vesicles pustulate and rupture, deve…
57 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
Predisposing factors to SSTI
Purulent
Non-purulent
Mild severity
-High moisture, High bacterial load... -Inadequate immune respon…
-Contains pus... -Cover for strept, staph... -Furuncle, carbuncle,…
-Typically streptococcus... -Includes cellulitis, erysipelas, ne…
No systemic symptoms
Predisposing factors to SSTI
-High moisture, High bacterial load... -Inadequate immune respon…
Purulent
-Contains pus... -Cover for strept, staph... -Furuncle, carbuncle,…
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