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Study sets matching "social development"

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Study sets matching "social development"

23 terms
Child Development Social/Emotional
failure to thrive
empathy
sleep deprived
tension
Describes infants and children who, w/o an obvious cause, fai…
The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
Means lacking adequate sleep. Children can be less alert, ina…
A feeling that you are nervous, worried, and not relaxed.
failure to thrive
Describes infants and children who, w/o an obvious cause, fai…
empathy
The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
12 terms
Social Development
Attachment
Stranger Anxiety
Separation Anxiety
Contact Comfort
are the emotional ties that form between people.
the fear of unfamiliar people
when infants and children cry or behave in other ways that in…
the instinctual need to touch and be touched by something sof…
Attachment
are the emotional ties that form between people.
Stranger Anxiety
the fear of unfamiliar people
25 terms
Social Development
Erikson's life span theory
Temperament
Kagan's temperament research
Longitudinal studies
1. trust v mistrust ... 3. autonomy v self-doubt ... 3-6. initiativ…
Biologically based levels of emotional and behavioural respon…
Babies are born bold or born shy. This stays relatively the s…
stability of temperament across early childhood. No complete…
Erikson's life span theory
1. trust v mistrust ... 3. autonomy v self-doubt ... 3-6. initiativ…
Temperament
Biologically based levels of emotional and behavioural respon…
26 terms
Social Development
Harlow (1971)
Secure
Insecure
Anxious attachment
This guy did Origins of Attachment with monkeys. Exposed monk…
Relaxed, attentive caregiving
Anxiety & Distress
express attachment in different ways: clingy, emotional distr…
Harlow (1971)
This guy did Origins of Attachment with monkeys. Exposed monk…
Secure
Relaxed, attentive caregiving
12 terms
Social Development
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage
Trust vs Mistrust
Autonomy vs Shame
Initiative vs. guilt
was an ego psychologist. He emphasized the role of culture an…
Basic Virtue- Hope... Infancy (0 to 1.5)
Basic Virtue- Will... Early Childhood ( 1.5 to 3)
Basic Virtue - Purpose... Play age (3 to 5)
Erikson's Psychosocial Stage
was an ego psychologist. He emphasized the role of culture an…
Trust vs Mistrust
Basic Virtue- Hope... Infancy (0 to 1.5)
44 terms
Social Development
first bonds
imprinting
critical period
cupboard love theory
attachment that forms with primary caregiver; distressed newb…
the process by which certain animals form strong attachments…
an optimal period when certain events must take place to faci…
Freud's theory that infants attach to those who satisfy their…
first bonds
attachment that forms with primary caregiver; distressed newb…
imprinting
the process by which certain animals form strong attachments…
35 terms
Social Development
Social development
Social Constructivism (Vygotsky)
Eriksen's Theory of Psychosocial Devel…
Basic trust vs. Mistrust
Encompasses the changes in interpersonal thought, feeling, an…
A perspective in which all development/learning occurs within…
In this theory, each stage represents the resolution of a dev…
One of Eriksen's stages:... (0-18 months) - Infants come to tru…
Social development
Encompasses the changes in interpersonal thought, feeling, an…
Social Constructivism (Vygotsky)
A perspective in which all development/learning occurs within…
20 terms
Social Development
Describe Erikson's Life Span Theory.
Define the term temperament.
Describe the findings of Kagan's tempe…
Describe findings from longitudinal st…
Based on individualist, capitalist, Western societies. It cla…
Temperament is an innate biologically based level of emotiona…
Babies are "born shy": cautious and emotionally reserved, or…
Temperament can be detected in the womb. Temperament stays st…
Describe Erikson's Life Span Theory.
Based on individualist, capitalist, Western societies. It cla…
Define the term temperament.
Temperament is an innate biologically based level of emotiona…
46 terms
social development
hormone related to lactation, maternal…
morphine-like hormones that induce sta…
hormone that leads to alertness
evidence of ______ hormone: mothers an…
oxytocin
endorphins
noradrenalin
noradrenalin
hormone related to lactation, maternal…
oxytocin
morphine-like hormones that induce sta…
endorphins
38 terms
Social Development
Social Cognition
Theory of Mind
Mindblindness
False Belief
How we think about and understand interactions between people.
The ability to understand self and others as agents who act o…
The inability to understand and theorize about other people's…
The understanding that someone else may believe something tha…
Social Cognition
How we think about and understand interactions between people.
Theory of Mind
The ability to understand self and others as agents who act o…
29 terms
Ch 7 Social and Emotional development
discipline
bullying
tantrum
positive reinforcement
Upholding rules of good behaviour.
hurting or intimidating someone weaker.
a loss of control of emotions.
giving praise and rewards for good behavior (and ignoring bad…
discipline
Upholding rules of good behaviour.
bullying
hurting or intimidating someone weaker.
37 terms
Social Development
Socialization
Personal Information
Self recognition
Chimp Mirror Study by Gallup
children learn about values and beliefs in their society
children develop their unique way of feeling, thinking, and a…
perception of self as a separate being from the environment;…
fo chimps recognize themselves?; put red dye on eyebrow and e…
Socialization
children learn about values and beliefs in their society
Personal Information
children develop their unique way of feeling, thinking, and a…
28 terms
Social Development
Classical Conditioning
Educational implications of classical…
Operant Conditioning
Educational implications of operant co…
• Pavlov/Watson ... • Behavior is learned based upon repetition,…
Teachers should make learning predictable and organized to he…
• Skinner ... • Behavior responses produces a consequence of eit…
• Teachers can use behavior modification in the classroom by…
Classical Conditioning
• Pavlov/Watson ... • Behavior is learned based upon repetition,…
Educational implications of classical…
Teachers should make learning predictable and organized to he…
11 terms
social development
stranger anxiety
attachment
critical period
imprinting
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display beginning…
and emotional tie with another person; shown in young childre…
an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's expo…
The process by which certain animals form attachments during…
stranger anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display beginning…
attachment
and emotional tie with another person; shown in young childre…
8 terms
Social Development
Social Learning Theory
Cognitive Development Theory
Parenting Styles
Kohlberg's Theory
Simple principle of learning of what to do through observation
Imitation ... Once you develop cognitively then you can develop…
Authoritative = ... Demanding is high ... Responsiveness is high…
Studied boys between the aged of 10-17 years ... Has different…
Social Learning Theory
Simple principle of learning of what to do through observation
Cognitive Development Theory
Imitation ... Once you develop cognitively then you can develop…
45 terms
Social Development
Socialization
Social role
Norm
Infancy Social Influences
A duel process of interaction and development through which h…
socialization teachers members of a society their___.... (expect…
set of expectations
infant becomes more actively involved in the environment... tota…
Socialization
A duel process of interaction and development through which h…
Social role
socialization teachers members of a society their___.... (expect…
44 terms
Social Development
Social role
Social role elements
Social Role Theory
Four dimensions of development that im…
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
Role enactment - patterned characteristics of social behavior…
Social roles serve as a bridge between the person and society…
Number of roles they occupy daily... Intensity of involvement an…
Social role
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
Social role elements
Role enactment - patterned characteristics of social behavior…
38 terms
Social Development
Social Learning Theory
Cognitive Developmental Theory
Principle of Minimal Sufficiency
Parental style is a two-way street
We learn by observing others e.g. Bobo doll
That cognitive development drives social development.e.g. imi…
consequences have to be harsh enough to behave but not so har…
Children influence parenting style, parenting style influence…
Social Learning Theory
We learn by observing others e.g. Bobo doll
Cognitive Developmental Theory
That cognitive development drives social development.e.g. imi…
14 terms
Social Development
Sigmund Freud
ID
EGO
SUPEREGO
patients emotional problems stemmed from early childhood rela…
the biological drives with which an infant is born ... earliest…
emerges in the first year ... the rational, logical, problem-sol…
develops during ages of 3-6... based on the childs internalizati…
Sigmund Freud
patients emotional problems stemmed from early childhood rela…
ID
the biological drives with which an infant is born ... earliest…
14 terms
Social development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. inferiority
Erikson's first stage during the first year of life, infants…
18 months-3 yrs (toddler)... Development of motor skills leads t…
3-6 yrs, good: sense of purpose, ability to initiate activiti…
6-12 yrs, good: competence, exercise his/her abilities and in…
Trust vs. Mistrust
Erikson's first stage during the first year of life, infants…
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
18 months-3 yrs (toddler)... Development of motor skills leads t…
61 terms
child development social development
Urie Bronfenbrenner
microsystem
mesosystem
exosystem
-ecological systems model ... -At the center of the model is the…
-family, school, health services, peers, religion, day-care f…
-interaction of microsystem
-anything that influences the microsystem ... -does not have dir…
Urie Bronfenbrenner
-ecological systems model ... -At the center of the model is the…
microsystem
-family, school, health services, peers, religion, day-care f…
39 terms
Social Development
psychic energy
erogenous zones
id
ego
(Freud) biological instinctive drives that fuel behavior, tho…
(Freud) areas of the body that become erotically sensitive in…
(psychoanalytic) primitive personality structure, unconscious…
(psychoanalytic) second personality structure to develop, rat…
psychic energy
(Freud) biological instinctive drives that fuel behavior, tho…
erogenous zones
(Freud) areas of the body that become erotically sensitive in…
51 terms
Social Development
Who developed the life span theory, wh…
what is the first stage of the life sp…
What is the second stage of the life s…
What is the third stage of the life sp…
Erick Erison, 1950s, within each stage there is a critical co…
Basic trust VS mistrust. 0-1 years. Infants develop sense of…
Autonomy VS self-doubt. 1-3 years old. Includes expansion of…
Initiative VS guilt. 3-6 year old. Children begin to initiate…
Who developed the life span theory, wh…
Erick Erison, 1950s, within each stage there is a critical co…
what is the first stage of the life sp…
Basic trust VS mistrust. 0-1 years. Infants develop sense of…
21 terms
Social Development
Pull your chair out from the table and…
Take a serving of food from a dish and…
True or False : Do u bring the fork to…
True or false : talk with your mouth f…
left
right
true
false
Pull your chair out from the table and…
left
Take a serving of food from a dish and…
right
48 terms
Social Development
Developments in Early/Middle Childhood
Influences on self-esteem
Attributions
External Environmental
Emotional Understanding... Self-Concept... Self-Esteem... Perspective…
Culture and gender stereotyped beliefs... Child-rearing practice…
Common, everyday explanations for the causes of behavior
situational circumstances
Developments in Early/Middle Childhood
Emotional Understanding... Self-Concept... Self-Esteem... Perspective…
Influences on self-esteem
Culture and gender stereotyped beliefs... Child-rearing practice…
34 terms
Human Development - Social Development
Pavlov & Watson's Classical Conditioning
Educational Implications of Classical…
B.F. Skinner's operant conditioning
Educational implications of operant co…
Behaviorist - behavior is based upon repetition, association,…
1) teachers can be assured through repetition (and based upon…
-children learn from operating in the environment & respond t…
1) teachers can use behavior modification in classroom as lea…
Pavlov & Watson's Classical Conditioning
Behaviorist - behavior is based upon repetition, association,…
Educational Implications of Classical…
1) teachers can be assured through repetition (and based upon…
16 terms
Social Development
Social Role
3 Elements of Social Role Theory
Social Role Theory
4 Dimensions that are used to measure…
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
1. Role Enactment: Patterned characteristic of social behavio…
1. Social roles serve as the bridge between person and societ…
1. Number of roles someone has... 2. Intensity of involvement/ho…
Social Role
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
3 Elements of Social Role Theory
1. Role Enactment: Patterned characteristic of social behavio…
44 terms
Social Development
The Mind
Conscious
Preconscious
Unconscious
Conscious ... Preconscious ... Unconscious
Thoughts you are aware of
Thoughts you can easily become aware of
Anxiety inducing thoughts that can only become aware of under…
The Mind
Conscious ... Preconscious ... Unconscious
Conscious
Thoughts you are aware of
17 terms
Social development
beginner
beginner
beginner
beginner
self centered
increasing in friendliness
ability to play with others increasing
conformist
beginner
self centered
beginner
increasing in friendliness
13 terms
Social Development
Are babies social?
Can babies show insecure or secure att…
What are the attachment styles?
How is attachment style formed?
Yes, they are naturally social... -demonstrated through attachment
Yes, which is measured in a strange situation
Secure... Insecure- avoidant ... Insecure- ambivalent ... Disorganized
Nature... -Temperament- a person's emotional reactivity and inte…
Are babies social?
Yes, they are naturally social... -demonstrated through attachment
Can babies show insecure or secure att…
Yes, which is measured in a strange situation
8 terms
Social Development
2 years old
Social play
Behaviour intended to benefit another…
Empathy
What age do children begin to prefer to play with playmates o…
Girls are more likely than boys to engage in what?
What is prosocial behaviour?
Children respond emotionally from infancy when others are in…
2 years old
What age do children begin to prefer to play with playmates o…
Social play
Girls are more likely than boys to engage in what?
27 terms
Social Development
Attachment
attachment
Secure attachment
insecure (avoidant) attachment
strong emotional connection that persists over time and acros…
comfort + security ... strong, positive attachment relations pr…
60-65% of children... confident enough to play in an unfamiliar…
25-30 % of children... least distressed during separation, may…
Attachment
strong emotional connection that persists over time and acros…
attachment
comfort + security ... strong, positive attachment relations pr…
Social Development
Infants
Harry Harlow
Critical Period
Imprinting
become attached to those who are comfortable & familiar (pare…
Proved attachment was based on comfort/ safety not just nouri…
shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain st…
process by which certain ANIMALS form attachments during a cr…
Infants
become attached to those who are comfortable & familiar (pare…
Harry Harlow
Proved attachment was based on comfort/ safety not just nouri…
22 terms
Social Development
​Attachment Theory, ​​Parenting Styles
​Attachment, ​Harry Harlow, ​​​Mary Ai…
​Attachment
​Harry Harlow
What are the two types of Parenting?
What are the three types of ​Attachment Theory?
​the reciprocal relationship between caregiver and child
​raised baby monkeys with two artificial wire frame figure "m…
​Attachment Theory, ​​Parenting Styles
What are the two types of Parenting?
​Attachment, ​Harry Harlow, ​​​Mary Ai…
What are the three types of ​Attachment Theory?
37 terms
Preschool emotional/social development
six year olds
when preschool children lie
children learn right from wrong
parents should show love to children
get angry less than four year olds
they are not always intentionally trying to be deceitful.
by facing the consequences of their actions.
even when they display serious misbehavior.
six year olds
get angry less than four year olds
when preschool children lie
they are not always intentionally trying to be deceitful.
10 terms
Social Development
attachment theory
familiarity
stockholm syndrome
responsive parenting
an emotional tie with another person (love)
the more familiar you are with someone, the more attached you…
victim develops an attachment to their abuser
attentive to needs of child leads to secure attachment
attachment theory
an emotional tie with another person (love)
familiarity
the more familiar you are with someone, the more attached you…
14 terms
Social Development
Attachment
Harlow's research
secure attachment
avoidant
emotional bond between infant and caregivers on whom infant d…
studies of cloth v wire monkeys, highlighted importance of co…
explores when caregiver present, upset when absent, comforted…
explores when caregiver absent, unfazed by separation, avoids…
Attachment
emotional bond between infant and caregivers on whom infant d…
Harlow's research
studies of cloth v wire monkeys, highlighted importance of co…
8 terms
Social Development
attachment
4 phases of attachment
innate infant behavior (4)
Ainsworth "Strange Situation"
a long-term feeling of closeness between people, here we are…
1) babies respond to anyone... 2) babies respond to parent in sp…
- cuddling (infants typically adjust their posture to contour…
- Securely Attatched (~65%)... > explores when mother is present…
attachment
a long-term feeling of closeness between people, here we are…
4 phases of attachment
1) babies respond to anyone... 2) babies respond to parent in sp…
8 terms
Social development
temperament
surgency
effortful control
Attachment attachment
emotion reactivity & intensity... -how you react to environment
how strong of impulses we have
-control your attention... -control impulses
relationship that is formed w/ the caregiver
temperament
emotion reactivity & intensity... -how you react to environment
surgency
how strong of impulses we have
25 terms
Social Development
Harry Harlow's Monkeys
Cloth mother vs. Wire mother
Attachment Theory
Social Referencing
Founded primate lab at the University of Wisconsin. Isolated…
Comfort is craved by baby monkeys. Comfort supplies safe "bas…
Need to belong (John Bowlby). Need to form and maintain stron…
A process of using others' facial expressions as a cue about…
Harry Harlow's Monkeys
Founded primate lab at the University of Wisconsin. Isolated…
Cloth mother vs. Wire mother
Comfort is craved by baby monkeys. Comfort supplies safe "bas…
24 terms
Social Development
systematic desensitization
intermittent reinforcement
behavior modification
vicarious reinforcement
a form of therapy based on classical conditioning, in which p…
inconsistent response to the behavior of another person, for…
a form of therapy based on principles of operant conditioning…
observing someone else receive a reward or punishment
systematic desensitization
a form of therapy based on classical conditioning, in which p…
intermittent reinforcement
inconsistent response to the behavior of another person, for…
12 terms
Social development
Attachment
Imprinting
Harlows monkey ex
Strange situation
Strong emotional bond shared with closest
Bby birds imprinting to 1st large object they see.... (humans dnt)
Bby monkeys had ... 1. Wire mom provided food... 2. Cloth mom No fo…
Measured child attachment... Anxiety & separation anxiety
Attachment
Strong emotional bond shared with closest
Imprinting
Bby birds imprinting to 1st large object they see.... (humans dnt)
14 terms
Social development
Erikson
0-1
2
3-5
Each stage of life had an issue to solve
Trust v. Mistrust
Autonomy v. Shame and doubt (potty training)
Initiative v. Guilt (park leaves)
Erikson
Each stage of life had an issue to solve
0-1
Trust v. Mistrust
12 terms
Social Development
Definition
Bowlby
Children's attachment is promoted by i…
Harlow research
initial social/emotional bond that forms between infant and c…
father of emotional attachment theory
crying, smiling, etc.
monkey infants with cloth and wire mother
Definition
initial social/emotional bond that forms between infant and c…
Bowlby
father of emotional attachment theory
51 terms
Social Development
Attachment
Harlow's "Comfort Contact" Study
Parent as a Secure Base
Reaction to Unfamiliar Adult
Refers to an enduring emotional bond between child and caregi…
Infant monkeys raised in isolation; Where allowed to choose b…
Parent is seated while baby plays with toys.
Stranger enters, is seated, and talks with parent; Plays with…
Attachment
Refers to an enduring emotional bond between child and caregi…
Harlow's "Comfort Contact" Study
Infant monkeys raised in isolation; Where allowed to choose b…
8 terms
Social Development
0-1
1-2
3-5
6-puberty
trust/ mistrust
autonomy/ shame and doubt
initiative/ guilt
competence/ inferiority
0-1
trust/ mistrust
1-2
autonomy/ shame and doubt
41 terms
Social Development
Social Psychology
Nature of Human Kind
debates and dialogues
debates
discipline in which people wttempt to understand , explain an…
Roussea ~ born good but experinece change them ... Hobbes ~ peop…
strength
new ideas and syntheses emerge
Social Psychology
discipline in which people wttempt to understand , explain an…
Nature of Human Kind
Roussea ~ born good but experinece change them ... Hobbes ~ peop…
Social Development
why are emotions important?
Functional perspective of Emotions
Joy
Fear
*Way that children let other people know how they feel... *Windo…
Emotions help people achieve their social and survival goals.…
Newborns display reflex smiles when they have gas... -Between 3-…
3-7 months- infants develop wariness; appears when they face…
why are emotions important?
*Way that children let other people know how they feel... *Windo…
Functional perspective of Emotions
Emotions help people achieve their social and survival goals.…
15 terms
Social Development
Holism
Holistic Personal Development
Physiological
Cognitive
theory that parts of a whole are in intimate interconnection
process of self-actualization and learning
PD aspect; physical attributes
PD aspect; intellectual functions of the mind
Holism
theory that parts of a whole are in intimate interconnection
Holistic Personal Development
process of self-actualization and learning
10 terms
Social Policy Development
The number of stages of social welfare…
Social Conditions
Social Problems
Data collection tools to help understa…
six
- Varying circumstances (living arrangements, relationships,…
social conditions generally recognized as negative; result in…
Surveys, Interviews, Focus groups
The number of stages of social welfare…
six
Social Conditions
- Varying circumstances (living arrangements, relationships,…
1 of 10