Study sets matching "social development"

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Study sets matching "social development"

23 terms
Child Development Social/Emotional
failure to thrive
empathy
sleep deprived
tension
Describes infants and children who, w/o an obvious cause, fai…
The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
Means lacking adequate sleep. Children can be less alert, ina…
A feeling that you are nervous, worried, and not relaxed.
failure to thrive
Describes infants and children who, w/o an obvious cause, fai…
empathy
The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
16 terms
Emotional and Social Development of Infants
Emotional Development
Emotion
Colic
Reflux
The process of learning to recognize and express feelings and…
A feeling response to the world around us
Uncontrollable crying by an otherwise healthy baby
A condition in which partially digested food rises in the thr…
Emotional Development
The process of learning to recognize and express feelings and…
Emotion
A feeling response to the world around us
17 terms
Social Development
Trust vs Mistrust
Autonomy vs Self-Doubt
Initiative vs Guilt
Competence vs Inferiority
0-1.5 years... must develop a basic sense of trust in environmen…
1.5-3 years... need to be able to feel independent and capable o…
3-6 years... desire to initiate intellectual and motor tasks ... ov…
6 years-puberty... competence=successful basic social and intell…
Trust vs Mistrust
0-1.5 years... must develop a basic sense of trust in environmen…
Autonomy vs Self-Doubt
1.5-3 years... need to be able to feel independent and capable o…
Social Development
Harlow (1971)
Secure
Insecure
Anxious attachment
This guy did Origins of Attachment with monkeys. Exposed monk…
Relaxed, attentive caregiving
Anxiety & Distress
express attachment in different ways: clingy, emotional distr…
Harlow (1971)
This guy did Origins of Attachment with monkeys. Exposed monk…
Secure
Relaxed, attentive caregiving
12 terms
Social Development
Attachment
Stranger Anxiety
Separation Anxiety
Contact Comfort
are the emotional ties that form between people.
the fear of unfamiliar people
when infants and children cry or behave in other ways that in…
the instinctual need to touch and be touched by something sof…
Attachment
are the emotional ties that form between people.
Stranger Anxiety
the fear of unfamiliar people
Social Development
Erikson's life span theory
Temperament
Kagan's temperament research
Longitudinal studies
1. trust v mistrust ... 3. autonomy v self-doubt ... 3-6. initiativ…
Biologically based levels of emotional and behavioural respon…
Babies are born bold or born shy. This stays relatively the s…
stability of temperament across early childhood. No complete…
Erikson's life span theory
1. trust v mistrust ... 3. autonomy v self-doubt ... 3-6. initiativ…
Temperament
Biologically based levels of emotional and behavioural respon…
social development
solo play 0-1 year
parallel play
associative play
co operative play
looks at adults , puts things in its mouth plays alone
begins to enjoy repetive actions, enjoys playing with adults…
begins ot play co-operatively with other children and starts…
begins to use simple rules in games plays co-operatively towa…
solo play 0-1 year
looks at adults , puts things in its mouth plays alone
parallel play
begins to enjoy repetive actions, enjoys playing with adults…
Social Development
Social role
Social role elements
Social Role Theory
Four dimensions of development that im…
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
Role enactment - patterned characteristics of social behavior…
Social roles serve as a bridge between the person and society…
Number of roles they occupy daily... Intensity of involvement an…
Social role
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
Social role elements
Role enactment - patterned characteristics of social behavior…
14 terms
Social Development
Sigmund Freud
ID
EGO
SUPEREGO
patients emotional problems stemmed from early childhood rela…
the biological drives with which an infant is born ... earliest…
emerges in the first year ... the rational, logical, problem-sol…
develops during ages of 3-6... based on the childs internalizati…
Sigmund Freud
patients emotional problems stemmed from early childhood rela…
ID
the biological drives with which an infant is born ... earliest…
45 terms
Social Development
Socialization
Social role
Norm
Infancy Social Influences
A duel process of interaction and development through which h…
socialization teachers members of a society their___.... (expect…
set of expectations
infant becomes more actively involved in the environment... tota…
Socialization
A duel process of interaction and development through which h…
Social role
socialization teachers members of a society their___.... (expect…
Social Development
Social Cognition
Theory of Mind
Mindblindness
False Belief
How we think about and understand interactions between people.
The ability to understand self and others as agents who act o…
The inability to understand and theorize about other people's…
The understanding that someone else may believe something tha…
Social Cognition
How we think about and understand interactions between people.
Theory of Mind
The ability to understand self and others as agents who act o…
Social development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. inferiority
Erikson's first stage during the first year of life, infants…
18 months-3 yrs (toddler)... Development of motor skills leads t…
3-6 yrs, good: sense of purpose, ability to initiate activiti…
6-12 yrs, good: competence, exercise his/her abilities and in…
Trust vs. Mistrust
Erikson's first stage during the first year of life, infants…
Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt
18 months-3 yrs (toddler)... Development of motor skills leads t…
Social Development
first bonds
imprinting
critical period
cupboard love theory
attachment that forms with primary caregiver; distressed newb…
the process by which certain animals form strong attachments…
an optimal period when certain events must take place to faci…
Freud's theory that infants attach to those who satisfy their…
first bonds
attachment that forms with primary caregiver; distressed newb…
imprinting
the process by which certain animals form strong attachments…
child development social development
Urie Bronfenbrenner
microsystem
mesosystem
exosystem
-ecological systems model ... -At the center of the model is the…
-family, school, health services, peers, religion, day-care f…
-interaction of microsystem
-anything that influences the microsystem ... -does not have dir…
Urie Bronfenbrenner
-ecological systems model ... -At the center of the model is the…
microsystem
-family, school, health services, peers, religion, day-care f…
37 terms
Social Development
Socialization
Personal Information
Self recognition
Chimp Mirror Study by Gallup
children learn about values and beliefs in their society
children develop their unique way of feeling, thinking, and a…
perception of self as a separate being from the environment;…
fo chimps recognize themselves?; put red dye on eyebrow and e…
Socialization
children learn about values and beliefs in their society
Personal Information
children develop their unique way of feeling, thinking, and a…
28 terms
Social Development
Classical Conditioning
Educational implications of classical…
Operant Conditioning
Educational implications of operant co…
• Pavlov/Watson ... • Behavior is learned based upon repetition,…
Teachers should make learning predictable and organized to he…
• Skinner ... • Behavior responses produces a consequence of eit…
• Teachers can use behavior modification in the classroom by…
Classical Conditioning
• Pavlov/Watson ... • Behavior is learned based upon repetition,…
Educational implications of classical…
Teachers should make learning predictable and organized to he…
51 terms
Social Development
Who developed the life span theory, wh…
what is the first stage of the life sp…
What is the second stage of the life s…
What is the third stage of the life sp…
Erick Erison, 1950s, within each stage there is a critical co…
Basic trust VS mistrust. 0-1 years. Infants develop sense of…
Autonomy VS self-doubt. 1-3 years old. Includes expansion of…
Initiative VS guilt. 3-6 year old. Children begin to initiate…
Who developed the life span theory, wh…
Erick Erison, 1950s, within each stage there is a critical co…
what is the first stage of the life sp…
Basic trust VS mistrust. 0-1 years. Infants develop sense of…
11 terms
social development
stranger anxiety
attachment
critical period
imprinting
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display beginning…
and emotional tie with another person; shown in young childre…
an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's expo…
The process by which certain animals form attachments during…
stranger anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display beginning…
attachment
and emotional tie with another person; shown in young childre…
34 terms
Human Development - Social Development
Pavlov & Watson's Classical Conditioning
Educational Implications of Classical…
B.F. Skinner's operant conditioning
Educational implications of operant co…
Behaviorist - behavior is based upon repetition, association,…
1) teachers can be assured through repetition (and based upon…
-children learn from operating in the environment & respond t…
1) teachers can use behavior modification in classroom as lea…
Pavlov & Watson's Classical Conditioning
Behaviorist - behavior is based upon repetition, association,…
Educational Implications of Classical…
1) teachers can be assured through repetition (and based upon…
Social Development
Can accept responsibility
May not like authority
Likes their 'gang'
Dislikes opposite sex
Juniors
Juniors
Juniors
Juniors
Can accept responsibility
Juniors
May not like authority
Juniors
Social Development
Social Role
3 Elements of Social Role Theory
Social Role Theory
4 Dimensions that are used to measure…
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
1. Role Enactment: Patterned characteristic of social behavio…
1. Social roles serve as the bridge between person and societ…
1. Number of roles someone has... 2. Intensity of involvement/ho…
Social Role
Any set of behaviors that has a socially agreed upon function…
3 Elements of Social Role Theory
1. Role Enactment: Patterned characteristic of social behavio…
20 terms
Social Development
Describe Erikson's Life Span Theory.
Define the term temperament.
Describe the findings of Kagan's tempe…
Describe findings from longitudinal st…
Based on individualist, capitalist, Western societies. It cla…
Temperament is an innate biologically based level of emotiona…
Babies are "born shy": cautious and emotionally reserved, or…
Temperament can be detected in the womb. Temperament stays st…
Describe Erikson's Life Span Theory.
Based on individualist, capitalist, Western societies. It cla…
Define the term temperament.
Temperament is an innate biologically based level of emotiona…
39 terms
Social Development
psychic energy
erogenous zones
id
ego
(Freud) biological instinctive drives that fuel behavior, tho…
(Freud) areas of the body that become erotically sensitive in…
(psychoanalytic) primitive personality structure, unconscious…
(psychoanalytic) second personality structure to develop, rat…
psychic energy
(Freud) biological instinctive drives that fuel behavior, tho…
erogenous zones
(Freud) areas of the body that become erotically sensitive in…
44 terms
Social Development
The Mind
Conscious
Preconscious
Unconscious
Conscious ... Preconscious ... Unconscious
Thoughts you are aware of
Thoughts you can easily become aware of
Anxiety inducing thoughts that can only become aware of under…
The Mind
Conscious ... Preconscious ... Unconscious
Conscious
Thoughts you are aware of
Social development
beginner
beginner
beginner
beginner
self centered
increasing in friendliness
ability to play with others increasing
conformist
beginner
self centered
beginner
increasing in friendliness
31 terms
Social development
Trust vs. mistrust
Autonomy vs shame and doubt
Initiative vs guilt
Industry vs inferiority
Child learns what to trust in environment and gains sense of…
Dramatic gain in psychical/cognitive skills, seeks control/in…
Self esteem, set goals and work to achieve, self contempt, in…
Master cognitive/social skills successful societal participat…
Trust vs. mistrust
Child learns what to trust in environment and gains sense of…
Autonomy vs shame and doubt
Dramatic gain in psychical/cognitive skills, seeks control/in…
46 terms
social development
hormone related to lactation, maternal…
morphine-like hormones that induce sta…
hormone that leads to alertness
evidence of ______ hormone: mothers an…
oxytocin
endorphins
noradrenalin
noradrenalin
hormone related to lactation, maternal…
oxytocin
morphine-like hormones that induce sta…
endorphins
Social Development
Social Development
Attachment Theory
Secure
Ambivalent
process of organizing energy and activity at progressively hi…
secure, ambivalent, avoidant, and disorganized.
has a secure attachment w/caregiver, shows appropriate distre…
upset when caregiver leaves and slow to warm up when it retur…
Social Development
process of organizing energy and activity at progressively hi…
Attachment Theory
secure, ambivalent, avoidant, and disorganized.
social development
social development
cause and affect
model
stranger anxity
the process of learning how to interact and express oneself w…
a relationship between events in which one event,the effect i…
behavior means to teach it through example q
a fear of unfamiliar people ,usually expressed by crying
social development
the process of learning how to interact and express oneself w…
cause and affect
a relationship between events in which one event,the effect i…
social development
Vygtotskys theory of cognitive develop…
internalization
zone of proximal developent
Attachment
focus on social construction of that... -stresses social interac…
when social factors become part of the individual (ex. pointi…
what you currently can do and what you have the ability to do…
first social relationship ... strong social emotional bond betwe…
Vygtotskys theory of cognitive develop…
focus on social construction of that... -stresses social interac…
internalization
when social factors become part of the individual (ex. pointi…
16 terms
social development
attachment
separation anxiety
strange situation test layout
secure attachment
a strong, intimated, emotional connection the persists over t…
begins when child is able to differentiate between their care…
child is placed in a novel environment with a parent and a st…
60% of children- feel distress when parent leaves, when paren…
attachment
a strong, intimated, emotional connection the persists over t…
separation anxiety
begins when child is able to differentiate between their care…
40 terms
Social development
Theory of mind
Erik Erikson's theory of social develo…
Infancy
1.5-3 years old
Understanding that others have beliefs, desires, and emotions…
People must resolve the conflicts in each of 8 stages to move…
Trust vs mistrust; first stage
Autonomy vs self doubt (children develop an idea of who they…
Theory of mind
Understanding that others have beliefs, desires, and emotions…
Erik Erikson's theory of social develo…
People must resolve the conflicts in each of 8 stages to move…
9 terms
Social Development
Erik Erikson
Trust vs Mistrust
Autonomy vs Shame and doubt
Initiative vs guilt
Psychologist who focused on social development
If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic…
Toddlers learn to exercise will and do things for themselves,…
Preschoolers learn of initiate tasks and carry out plans, or…
Erik Erikson
Psychologist who focused on social development
Trust vs Mistrust
If needs are dependably met, infants develop a sense of basic…
25 terms
Social development
Social development
ID
Ego
Superego
The process of learning to relate to other people
Needs wants instincts
Action that a person takes when gaining wants or needs
Controls the action taken (conscience)
Social development
The process of learning to relate to other people
ID
Needs wants instincts
Social Development
Social Development
Cause and Effect
Model
Stranger Anxiety
The process of learning how to interact and express oneself w…
A relationship between events in which one event, the effect,…
Behavior means to teach it through example
A fear of unfamiliar people, usually expressed by crying
Social Development
The process of learning how to interact and express oneself w…
Cause and Effect
A relationship between events in which one event, the effect,…
21 terms
social development
psychoanalytic theory
continuity/dis
individual differences
nature v nurture
freud/erickson
stress discontinuity
continuity of individual differences
biological development interacts with experience
psychoanalytic theory
freud/erickson
continuity/dis
stress discontinuity
Social Development
Social Development
Cause and effect
Model
Stranger Anxiety
is the process of learning how to interact and express onesel…
is a relationship between events in which one event,the effec…
a behaviour means to teach it through examples.
a fear of unfamiliar people
Social Development
is the process of learning how to interact and express onesel…
Cause and effect
is a relationship between events in which one event,the effec…
Social Development
Social development
Sigmund Freud
ID
Ego
Process of learning to relate to other people
Father of psychology, developed the 3 part theory of human be…
Part of human behavior consisting of needs, wants, and instin…
Part if human behavior that includes the action a person take…
Social development
Process of learning to relate to other people
Sigmund Freud
Father of psychology, developed the 3 part theory of human be…
Social Development
attachment
stranger anxiety
separation anxiety
2 reasons for attachment to caregivers
emotional ties that form between people. Feelings of this kee…
by age of about 8 mos., some infants develop a fear of strang…
by age of about 8 mos., infants may also develop this which c…
comfort and imprinting
attachment
emotional ties that form between people. Feelings of this kee…
stranger anxiety
by age of about 8 mos., some infants develop a fear of strang…
7 terms
Social Development
Stranger Anxiety
Attachment
Critical Period
Imprinting
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display (8 months…
An emotional tie with another person - shown in young childre…
An optimal period early in the life of an organism when expos…
The process by which certain animals form strong bonds during…
Stranger Anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display (8 months…
Attachment
An emotional tie with another person - shown in young childre…
62 terms
Social Development
Social Development
Theory of Mind
Erikson's theory of social development
trust vs. mistrust
emotions, interpersonal relations, and your personality traits
the idea that you have a different brain with different goals…
neofreudian who said unconscious conflicts drive our social d…
birth-18 months... child learns what to trust in their environment
Social Development
emotions, interpersonal relations, and your personality traits
Theory of Mind
the idea that you have a different brain with different goals…
28 terms
Social Development
Why do we have emotions?
Duchene smile
Modeling
Reinforcement
communication and regulation; emotions are inborn and universal
fake smile, noticeable when cheeks aren't raised
social referencing, look to others to decide how we express e…
display rules, learn to express emotions at different times/d…
Why do we have emotions?
communication and regulation; emotions are inborn and universal
Duchene smile
fake smile, noticeable when cheeks aren't raised
7 terms
Social Development
Konrad Lorenz
Harry & Margaret Harlow
Contact Comfort
Mary Ainsworth
Imprinting- strong attachment formed during critical periods…
-took monkeys away from mothers at birth, raised monkeys by 2…
Comfort>food
Secure attachment- explore freely when parent comes back... Avoi…
Konrad Lorenz
Imprinting- strong attachment formed during critical periods…
Harry & Margaret Harlow
-took monkeys away from mothers at birth, raised monkeys by 2…
Social Development
Attachment
Bonding
Imprinting
Harlowes monkeys
Long term feelings of closeness
Emotional and physical development
Attachment in animals
Contact comfort
Attachment
Long term feelings of closeness
Bonding
Emotional and physical development
27 terms
Social Development
Attachment
attachment
Secure attachment
insecure (avoidant) attachment
strong emotional connection that persists over time and acros…
comfort + security ... strong, positive attachment relations pr…
60-65% of children... confident enough to play in an unfamiliar…
25-30 % of children... least distressed during separation, may…
Attachment
strong emotional connection that persists over time and acros…
attachment
comfort + security ... strong, positive attachment relations pr…
Social Development
Security of attachment
Harry Harlow
Secure
Anxious Attachement
Infants confidence in the sensitivity and responsiveness of c…
Monkey studies. Showed that monkeys preferred the soft cloth…
60-70% of babies. plays next to parent, seeks contact with pa…
10% of babies. sticks VERY close to parents, remains there wh…
Security of attachment
Infants confidence in the sensitivity and responsiveness of c…
Harry Harlow
Monkey studies. Showed that monkeys preferred the soft cloth…
11 terms
social development
temperament
attachment
imprinting
critical period
one's characteristic emotional and intensity; NATURE
an emotional tie with another person
konrad lorenz; certain animals form attachments during a crit…
konrad lorenz; when a skill/characteristic is believed to be…
temperament
one's characteristic emotional and intensity; NATURE
attachment
an emotional tie with another person
6 terms
Social development
Social development
Socialize
Attachment and bonding
Character
Ability to get along with others and make friends.
To train a child to live as as a part of a group, such as the…
Terms used interchangeably that means a closeness between peo…
Inward force that guides a persons conduct
Social development
Ability to get along with others and make friends.
Socialize
To train a child to live as as a part of a group, such as the…
12 terms
Social Development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. Inferiority
(birth - 1 year) Are needs dependably met?
(1-2 yrs) Can I exercise my will?
Preschooler ( 3-5 yrs) Can I initiate tasks and plans?
(6-puberty) Elementary Can I take pride in my had work?
Trust vs. Mistrust
(birth - 1 year) Are needs dependably met?
Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
(1-2 yrs) Can I exercise my will?
12 terms
Social development
Regards face
Recognizes parent
Plays gesture games
Imitates actions
Birth
2 months
9 months
12 months
Regards face
Birth
Recognizes parent
2 months
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