Study sets matching "social development"

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Study sets matching "social development"

11 terms
Social Development
Erik Erikson (1963)
John Bowlby (1900s)
Attachment
Harlow's Monkeys
Theory that each stage of life is associated with a particula…
Emotional bond between infant and adult (especially mother) i…
refers to emotional bonding (Bowlby). Human infants are compl…
Monkeys raised with surrogate mothers. Findings: Regardless o…
Erik Erikson (1963)
Theory that each stage of life is associated with a particula…
John Bowlby (1900s)
Emotional bond between infant and adult (especially mother) i…
37 terms
Social Development
strange situations
secure
avoidant
resistant/ambivalent
separated from mother for a long time
somewhat distressed when mother leaves, easy to calm and gree…
ignores mother when she returns, child "attaches" equally to…
mixed messages upon return, wanting to be held but resisting
strange situations
separated from mother for a long time
secure
somewhat distressed when mother leaves, easy to calm and gree…
9 terms
Social Development
Harlow
Ainsworth
responsive parenting
unresponsive parenting
touch... monkey experiment
attachment differences... responsive vs unresponsive parenting
secure attached children
insecure attached children
Harlow
touch... monkey experiment
Ainsworth
attachment differences... responsive vs unresponsive parenting
10 terms
Social Policy Development
The number of stages of social welfare…
Social Conditions
Social Problems
Data collection tools to help understa…
six
- Varying circumstances (living arrangements, relationships,…
social conditions generally recognized as negative; result in…
Surveys, Interviews, Focus groups
The number of stages of social welfare…
six
Social Conditions
- Varying circumstances (living arrangements, relationships,…
12 terms
Social Development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. Inferiority
(birth - 1 year) Are needs dependably met?
(1-2 yrs) Can I exercise my will?
Preschooler ( 3-5 yrs) Can I initiate tasks and plans?
(6-puberty) Elementary Can I take pride in my had work?
Trust vs. Mistrust
(birth - 1 year) Are needs dependably met?
Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
(1-2 yrs) Can I exercise my will?
12 terms
Social development
Regards face
Recognizes parent
Plays gesture games
Imitates actions
Birth
2 months
9 months
12 months
Regards face
Birth
Recognizes parent
2 months
6 terms
Social Development
Girls fine motor first... Boys gross moto…
- allowing a student to officiate a sm…
Medieval Europe... - "mob" football... - fo…
The Civil War between 1861 and 1865... S…
Describe gender differences in physical development
Describe ways to teach pro-social behaviors:
Early forms of "football" games such as rugby, soccer, and Am…
What event created the popularity of baseball?
Girls fine motor first... Boys gross moto…
Describe gender differences in physical development
- allowing a student to officiate a sm…
Describe ways to teach pro-social behaviors:
Social development
Attatchment
Stranger anxiety
Seperation anxiety
Contact comfort
Emtional ties that form between people
Infants cry when near a stranger
Infants cry or behave in other ways that indicate distress if…
Instinctual need to touch and be touched by something soft, s…
Attatchment
Emtional ties that form between people
Stranger anxiety
Infants cry when near a stranger
31 terms
Social Development
Cognitive development: recap
How do children bond and think about o…
Attachment defined
Attachment =
-babies are prepared to learn... - although significant learning…
Attachment!
a strong emotional connection that persists over time and acr…
comfort and security, NOT food and physical needs or closenes…
Cognitive development: recap
-babies are prepared to learn... - although significant learning…
How do children bond and think about o…
Attachment!
Social Development
reciprocal determination
self-efficacy
egocentric
Zone of proximal development
Children's actions lead to actions by others, which change th…
perception of being able to solve social problems and being w…
can't take perspective of others or understand feelings/perce…
difference b/w a child's level of performance (development) a…
reciprocal determination
Children's actions lead to actions by others, which change th…
self-efficacy
perception of being able to solve social problems and being w…
Social Development
social development
theory of mind
Erikson's theory of psychosocial devel…
trust vs. mistrust
- changes over a lifespan in emotions, interpersonal relation…
- over a kid's development, they begin to understand that oth…
- neo-Freudian, psychodynamic theorist: development is based…
- Erikson's theory of psychosocial development ... - birth to 18…
social development
- changes over a lifespan in emotions, interpersonal relation…
theory of mind
- over a kid's development, they begin to understand that oth…
5 terms
Social development
Relationship skills
Behaviours
Social roles
Vales and beliefs
conflict resolution and open communicatio
being considerate
friend, daughter
valuing honesty or compassion to those less fortunate
Relationship skills
conflict resolution and open communicatio
Behaviours
being considerate
8 terms
Social Development
Social Learning Theory
Cognitive Development Theory
Parenting Styles
Kohlberg's Theory
Simple principle of learning of what to do through observation
Imitation ... Once you develop cognitively then you can develop…
Authoritative = ... Demanding is high ... Responsiveness is high…
Studied boys between the aged of 10-17 years ... Has different…
Social Learning Theory
Simple principle of learning of what to do through observation
Cognitive Development Theory
Imitation ... Once you develop cognitively then you can develop…
6 terms
social development
Infancy
Early childhood
Adolescents
early adulthood
forms bonds with parents
friendships
more independence
more responsibility
Infancy
forms bonds with parents
Early childhood
friendships
Social Development
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
Phallic Stage
Latency Stage
The first stage of Freud's psychosexual development that take…
The second stage of Freud's psychosexual development that tak…
The third stage of Freud's psychosexual development that take…
The fourth stage of Freud's psychosexual development that tak…
Oral Stage
The first stage of Freud's psychosexual development that take…
Anal Stage
The second stage of Freud's psychosexual development that tak…
Social Development
socialization
norms
values
status
-learn the expectations, rules, norms and values of a given s…
rules defining appropriate behaviors and actions
elements which are desirable or undesirable in a given societ…
looks at one's position in a social structure
socialization
-learn the expectations, rules, norms and values of a given s…
norms
rules defining appropriate behaviors and actions
Social Development
Infancy
Early childhood
Middle Childhood
Adolescence
attachment to caregiver, and stranger anxiety
learn gender roles and form gender identity, cooperative play…
role-taking skills, altruism increases, aggressive becomes mo…
increased attention towards members of opposite sex, attentio…
Infancy
attachment to caregiver, and stranger anxiety
Early childhood
learn gender roles and form gender identity, cooperative play…
Social Development
Attachment
Body Contact
Familiarity
Responsive Parenting
Critical period is early childhood
Harlow's monkeys... Found out that contact between mother and c…
Critical period... If they don't get this, they will struggle i…
3 types of attachment:... Secure- generally happier & more inde…
Attachment
Critical period is early childhood
Body Contact
Harlow's monkeys... Found out that contact between mother and c…
Social Development
Prosocial Behavior
paralell play
Factors influencing parenting style
social cognition
a growing sense of others
side by side play of two toddlers who observe each other but…
1. culture ... 2. personality of our parents... 3. attitudes about…
the skills involved in the dynamics of human social interacti…
Prosocial Behavior
a growing sense of others
paralell play
side by side play of two toddlers who observe each other but…
19 terms
Social Development
Bandura/Bobo doll
Kohlberg's methods
Pre conventional
Conventional
social learning theory... environment is the main influence... asso…
How do children develop into a person of character... Pre conven…
concerned with fairness, obtaining rewards or avoiding punish…
concerned with trust, caring, loyalty... what others will think…
Bandura/Bobo doll
social learning theory... environment is the main influence... asso…
Kohlberg's methods
How do children develop into a person of character... Pre conven…
46 terms
Social Development
Theory of Mind
Erik Erikson
Theory of Social Development
Trust vs. Mistrust
-Understanding that other have beliefs, desires, and emotions…
-Neo Freudan and Psychotherapist... -Theory of Social Development
-8 stages... -based on the concept that a person moves through s…
-Birth to 18 months... -Child learns what to trust in the enviro…
Theory of Mind
-Understanding that other have beliefs, desires, and emotions…
Erik Erikson
-Neo Freudan and Psychotherapist... -Theory of Social Development
7 terms
Social Development
Psychosexual Stages
Psychosocial Stages
1) Trust vs. Mistrust
5) Identity vs. Role Confusion
Theories by Sigmund Freud, that include 5 different developme…
Erik Erikson theory in which there are 8 developmental period…
birth-1st year. Child will develop a trustful attitude or a m…
12-20 years old. Individuals either find a sense of identity…
Psychosexual Stages
Theories by Sigmund Freud, that include 5 different developme…
Psychosocial Stages
Erik Erikson theory in which there are 8 developmental period…
Social Development
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Devel…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Devel…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Devel…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Devel…
Neo-freudians, believe our actions are driven by our unconsci…
(Birth- 18m) The child learns what to trust int he environmen…
(18m to 3 yr) Dramatic gains in physical and cognitive skills…
(3yr to 6 yr) A child's self esteem emerges from their rapidl…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Devel…
Neo-freudians, believe our actions are driven by our unconsci…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Devel…
(Birth- 18m) The child learns what to trust int he environmen…
Social development
Attachment
Secure attachment
Types of insecure attachments
avoidant
Emotional bond that forms between newborns and their caregivers
parent can provide security, child gets upset when caregivers…
avoidant, ambivalent, disorganized
dont care if parent is there or not; dont interact with the p…
Attachment
Emotional bond that forms between newborns and their caregivers
Secure attachment
parent can provide security, child gets upset when caregivers…
43 terms
social development
relate
sigmund freud
ID
EGO
social development is the process of learning to _____ to oth…
considered the father of psychology, called himself psychoana…
the part of human behavior consisting of needs, wants, and in…
the part of human behavior that includes the action a person…
relate
social development is the process of learning to _____ to oth…
sigmund freud
considered the father of psychology, called himself psychoana…
12 terms
Social development
Temperament
Temperament types
Easy temperament (40%)
Difficult temperament (10%)
Basic emotional style that appears early in development and i…
Easy, difficult, slow to warm up, average
Characterized by positive mood, adaptable
Negative mood, active, arrhythmic
Temperament
Basic emotional style that appears early in development and i…
Temperament types
Easy, difficult, slow to warm up, average
social development
theory of music
universal (nativists correct)
social development
attachment
looking influenced by woman's gaze
-specific anatomy... -morphemes... -hierarchical structures... -implic…
changing nature of relationships over the lifespan
security that fosters bravery and exploration
theory of music
looking influenced by woman's gaze
universal (nativists correct)
-specific anatomy... -morphemes... -hierarchical structures... -implic…
Social Development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Self concept
Birth-18 mos. Kid learns what to trust and understands what t…
18 mos - 3 yrs. Gains physical and cognitive skills. Seeks in…
3-6 yrs. Self esteem emerges. Set goals and achieve them. Dev…
who you are in appearance, personality, and ability.
Trust vs. Mistrust
Birth-18 mos. Kid learns what to trust and understands what t…
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
18 mos - 3 yrs. Gains physical and cognitive skills. Seeks in…
social development
how can an adult support social develo…
how can an adult support social develo…
how can an adult support social develo…
how can an adult support social develo…
MAINTAINING eye contact, Talking in the appropriate tone
ENCOURAGING children to develop positive relationships and EN…
ENCOURAGING children to share and help other peers or adults
ENCOURAGING children to develop friendships
how can an adult support social develo…
MAINTAINING eye contact, Talking in the appropriate tone
how can an adult support social develo…
ENCOURAGING children to develop positive relationships and EN…
social development
Eriksons life span theory
1) Basic trust vs mis-trust
2) Autonomy vs self doubt
3) initiative vs guilt
conflicts resolved but never fully disappear... eight psychosoci…
0-1 years... infant needs help to develop a sense of trust... par…
1-3 years... start to explore and manipulate world around us... d…
3-6 years... begins it initiate intellectual and motor activiti…
Eriksons life span theory
conflicts resolved but never fully disappear... eight psychosoci…
1) Basic trust vs mis-trust
0-1 years... infant needs help to develop a sense of trust... par…
9 terms
Social Development
Social Development
Socialisation
Peer Group
Gender
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relat…
The process of acquiring values, attitudes and behaviours thr…
A group of individuals who are of similar ages and who share…
The social and psychological dimension of being male or female.
Social Development
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relat…
Socialisation
The process of acquiring values, attitudes and behaviours thr…
Social Development
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Th…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory
Social Competance
The Self
microsystem: individuals develop within several systems which…
one of the few theories to review development across the life…
Difficult to define. ... 3 basic approaches: outcome oriented, s…
self efficacy: an individual's perceived capability in perfor…
Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Th…
microsystem: individuals develop within several systems which…
Erikson's Psychosocial Theory
one of the few theories to review development across the life…
9 terms
social development
social development
social skills
stages of social play
solitary play
social development is being able to be a part of a group, und…
social skills include the use of social expression such as 'h…
1 solitary play... 2 parallel play... 3 looking -on play... 4 joining-…
the first stage of play, in which children play alone.
social development
social development is being able to be a part of a group, und…
social skills
social skills include the use of social expression such as 'h…
19 terms
Social development
Causal factors
Covariation
Temporal precedence
Nonspuriousness
Covariation, Temporal precedence and Nonspuriousness
You cannot have causation without covariation.
Cause leads to an effect, seen in a temporal manner, through…
The presence of A and B is not accounted for by a third varia…
Causal factors
Covariation, Temporal precedence and Nonspuriousness
Covariation
You cannot have causation without covariation.
Social Development
Attachment
Secure Attachment
Avoidant Attachment
Anxious/ Ambivalent/ Resistant Attachm…
Emotional bond between infant and caregivers
Mother is a safe home base... Mother can calm the child
Infants that avoid the caregiver... Don't care when the parent l…
Anxious regardless of whether the mother is present or not
Attachment
Emotional bond between infant and caregivers
Secure Attachment
Mother is a safe home base... Mother can calm the child
7 terms
Social development
Stranger Anxiety
Attachment
Critical period
Imprinting
-Fear of strangers in infants... -Starts at 8 months old
-Emotional tie with another person... -Shown in young children b…
Optimal period in life where exposure to certain stimuli or e…
Process by which certain animals form strong attachment in an…
Stranger Anxiety
-Fear of strangers in infants... -Starts at 8 months old
Attachment
-Emotional tie with another person... -Shown in young children b…
Social Development
Social Developement
Stranger Anxiety
Attachment
Harry Harlow
Compare the different styles of parenting on childrens attach…
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display
Emotional tie with another person
Monkey man
Social Developement
Compare the different styles of parenting on childrens attach…
Stranger Anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display
51 terms
Social Development
Social system
Attachment
The Two Mothers Experiment
The Fear Experiment
A complex social life leads to complex communication systems…
Special affective and emotional bond between infant and caret…
Harry Harlow:... Subjects: Rhesus monkey babies, separated from…
Design: Monkeys are exposed to scary stimuli in same setting…
Social system
A complex social life leads to complex communication systems…
Attachment
Special affective and emotional bond between infant and caret…
Social Development
attachment, Harlow experiment
critical age
imprinting
Mary Ainsworth
Harlow experiment showed the baby monkeys preferred cloth mot…
optimal period of time after birth to be exposed to certain e…
where an animal latches onto the first thing they see at birt…
studied attachment. Babies who had no attachment to mothers w…
attachment, Harlow experiment
Harlow experiment showed the baby monkeys preferred cloth mot…
critical age
optimal period of time after birth to be exposed to certain e…
21 terms
Social Development
Social development
stranger anxiety
attachment
Securely attached (Forms of attachment)
the changing nature of relationships with others over the lif…
- fear of strangers that infants commonly display... - beginning…
- an emotional tie with another... - shown in young kids by seek…
explores the room when mom is present, becomes upset and expl…
Social development
the changing nature of relationships with others over the lif…
stranger anxiety
- fear of strangers that infants commonly display... - beginning…
49 terms
Social development
Characteristics of family systems pers…
Parenting style: dimensions
Parenting style: outcomes associated w…
Parenting style: outcomes associated w…
-multiple sub systems ... -parent-child, child - sibling, parent…
Acceptance & responsiveness, demandingness & control
Anxious, with hostile tendencies and low confidence
Highly competent, well-adjusted
Characteristics of family systems pers…
-multiple sub systems ... -parent-child, child - sibling, parent…
Parenting style: dimensions
Acceptance & responsiveness, demandingness & control
30 terms
Social development
Piaget sensorimotor
Piaget sensorimotor
Piaget sensorimotor
Piaget sensorimotor
Learn by looking, touching, their senses.
Learn cause and effect
Learn object permanence and resperational thought
Separation anxiety
Piaget sensorimotor
Learn by looking, touching, their senses.
Piaget sensorimotor
Learn cause and effect
24 terms
Social Development
Erik Erikson
Infancy (birth-18 months)
Early Childhood (2-3 years)
Preschool (3-5 years)
• Focus on social drives... • 8 stages of social development thr…
Trust vs. mistrust... • Important event: feeding... • Childre…
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt... • Important events: *toilet…
Initiative vs. Guilt... • Important event: exploration... • C…
Erik Erikson
• Focus on social drives... • 8 stages of social development thr…
Infancy (birth-18 months)
Trust vs. mistrust... • Important event: feeding... • Childre…
52 terms
Social Development
Learned Helplessness Theory
Mastery-Oriented
Learning Helplessness orientation & re…
Influence of Significant Others in Dev…
Dweck. Attribution styles of later achievement behavior
Success: high Ability.... Failure: Unstable Causes
success is from temporary factors. Don't experience pride. ... F…
Most effective if encourage child to do best when rewarding s…
Learned Helplessness Theory
Dweck. Attribution styles of later achievement behavior
Mastery-Oriented
Success: high Ability.... Failure: Unstable Causes
98 terms
Social Development
Freud (psychosexual) - Oral Stage
Freud (psychosexual) - Anal Stage
Freud (psychosexual) - Phallic Stage
Freud (psychosexual) - Latency
(First year of development) The mouth is the focus of pleasur…
(second year) The anus is the focus of pleasurable sensations…
(third to sixth year) Children develop sexual curiosity and o…
(seventh year through puberty) sexual urges are submerged. Ch…
Freud (psychosexual) - Oral Stage
(First year of development) The mouth is the focus of pleasur…
Freud (psychosexual) - Anal Stage
(second year) The anus is the focus of pleasurable sensations…
25 terms
Social Development
Stranger Anxiety
Attachment
Critical period
Imprinting
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginnin…
An emotional tie with another person; shown in young children…
An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's expo…
The process by which certain animals form attachments during…
Stranger Anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginnin…
Attachment
An emotional tie with another person; shown in young children…
social development
Imprinting
Konrad Lorenz
Henry Harlow
can isolates be rehabilitated?
follow first moving object they encounter, fixed action pattern
greylag geese would imprint on him
1957-1963 behaviourist- closest to humans imprinting- monkeys…
to some degree, argues against a critical period for social b…
Imprinting
follow first moving object they encounter, fixed action pattern
Konrad Lorenz
greylag geese would imprint on him
68 terms
Social Development
Freud's stages of Psychosexual develop…
Fixation
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
1. Oral Stage (birth - 2)... 2. Anal Stage (2 to 4)... 3. Phallic S…
Fixation is bad. If you don't get what you need in a certain…
Birth - 2 years old... Site of pleasure for babies = mouth. Chil…
2 - 4 years old... Toilet training, really important during thes…
Freud's stages of Psychosexual develop…
1. Oral Stage (birth - 2)... 2. Anal Stage (2 to 4)... 3. Phallic S…
Fixation
Fixation is bad. If you don't get what you need in a certain…
7 terms
Social development
Stranger anxiety
Gender typing
Same-sex friendships dominate
Realistic views of skills and career
0-2
2-6
6-12
12-20
Stranger anxiety
0-2
Gender typing
2-6
Social Development
Heider & Simmel Annimation
Theory of mind
Representation
Agency
First look into theory of mind. Little triangle, big triangle…
Understanding other people can know things - underlying menta…
Way of presenting info you have in your mind that may not be…
A requirement for having theory of mind. Gaze falling experim…
Heider & Simmel Annimation
First look into theory of mind. Little triangle, big triangle…
Theory of mind
Understanding other people can know things - underlying menta…
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