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Study sets matching "social development"

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Study sets matching "social development"

20 terms
Social Development
Erikson
Anna Freud
Attachment
Psychosocial Stages
neo-Freudian... thought people were normal... did not think sexual…
studied kids
relationship between kid and caregiver... relationship with some…
1. Trust vs Mistrust... 2. Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt... 3. Initiati…
Erikson
neo-Freudian... thought people were normal... did not think sexual…
Anna Freud
studied kids
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
infancy
bowlby
harlow
arlow
attached to parents (emotionally bond to caregiver)
attachment is instinctual and adaptive
importance of comfort contact
three specific types of attachment styles, adaptive to a part…
infancy
attached to parents (emotionally bond to caregiver)
bowlby
attachment is instinctual and adaptive
15 terms
Social Development
Security of attachment
Harry Harlow
Secure
Anxious Attachement
Infants confidence in the sensitivity and responsiveness of c…
Monkey studies. Showed that monkeys preferred the soft cloth…
60-70% of babies. plays next to parent, seeks contact with pa…
10% of babies. sticks VERY close to parents, remains there wh…
Security of attachment
Infants confidence in the sensitivity and responsiveness of c…
Harry Harlow
Monkey studies. Showed that monkeys preferred the soft cloth…
Social Development
Infancy (to 1 year)
Toddlerhood (1 to 2 years)
Preschooler (3 to 5 years)
Elementary School (6- puberty)
Issues: Trust vs. Mistrust ... Description of Task: If needs are…
Issues: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt... Description of task: tod…
Issues: Initiative vs. Guilt... Description of task: Preschooler…
Issues: Competence vs. Inferiority... Description of task: Child…
Infancy (to 1 year)
Issues: Trust vs. Mistrust ... Description of Task: If needs are…
Toddlerhood (1 to 2 years)
Issues: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt... Description of task: tod…
11 terms
Social Development
Erik Erikson (1963)
John Bowlby (1900s)
Attachment
Harlow's Monkeys
Theory that each stage of life is associated with a particula…
Emotional bond between infant and adult (especially mother) i…
refers to emotional bonding (Bowlby). Human infants are compl…
Monkeys raised with surrogate mothers. Findings: Regardless o…
Erik Erikson (1963)
Theory that each stage of life is associated with a particula…
John Bowlby (1900s)
Emotional bond between infant and adult (especially mother) i…
23 terms
Social Development
theories of social development attempt…
theories of social cognition
learning theories
Steps in Dodge's information-processin…
-emotion... -personality... -attachment... -self... -peer relationships…
self- socialization
-behaviorism ... -social learning theory
1) encode a problematic event ... 2) interpret the social cues i…
theories of social development attempt…
-emotion... -personality... -attachment... -self... -peer relationships…
theories of social cognition
self- socialization
6 terms
Social Development
secure
avoidant
avoidant
Resistant
Mom is anchor
not responsive to Mom when present, not upset when leaves
no visible difference in attachment to Mom or stranger
exhibits negative behavior when Mom returns
secure
Mom is anchor
avoidant
not responsive to Mom when present, not upset when leaves
16 terms
social development
attachment
separation anxiety
strange situation test layout
secure attachment
a strong, intimated, emotional connection the persists over t…
begins when child is able to differentiate between their care…
child is placed in a novel environment with a parent and a st…
60% of children- feel distress when parent leaves, when paren…
attachment
a strong, intimated, emotional connection the persists over t…
separation anxiety
begins when child is able to differentiate between their care…
21 terms
social development
psychoanalytic theory
continuity/dis
individual differences
nature v nurture
freud/erickson
stress discontinuity
continuity of individual differences
biological development interacts with experience
psychoanalytic theory
freud/erickson
continuity/dis
stress discontinuity
9 terms
Social Development
Harlow
Ainsworth
responsive parenting
unresponsive parenting
touch... monkey experiment
attachment differences... responsive vs unresponsive parenting
secure attached children
insecure attached children
Harlow
touch... monkey experiment
Ainsworth
attachment differences... responsive vs unresponsive parenting
Social Development
self- concept
self-esteem
academic self-esteem
relationship between self-concept and…
refers to how you think of yourself or how you perceive yours…
refers to how you feel about yourself, can be global in natur…
refers to self-perception and evaluation of a student on his…
self-concept can influence self-esteem, depending on how much…
self- concept
refers to how you think of yourself or how you perceive yours…
self-esteem
refers to how you feel about yourself, can be global in natur…
28 terms
Social Development
Why do we have emotions?
Duchene smile
Modeling
Reinforcement
communication and regulation; emotions are inborn and universal
fake smile, noticeable when cheeks aren't raised
social referencing, look to others to decide how we express e…
display rules, learn to express emotions at different times/d…
Why do we have emotions?
communication and regulation; emotions are inborn and universal
Duchene smile
fake smile, noticeable when cheeks aren't raised
18 terms
social development
社会
看法
完全
social/ society
opinion/ point of view
to hold
entirely
社会
social/ society
看法
opinion/ point of view
23 terms
Social Development
Harlow's monkeys
secure attachment
insecure: avoidant
insecure: anxious
surrogate mothers to the baby monkeys... is comfort or nutrition…
they would be upset when mom left, but when she come back the…
baby upset when mom leaves, but when she comes back they igno…
baby upset when mom leaves and is still upset when she returns
Harlow's monkeys
surrogate mothers to the baby monkeys... is comfort or nutrition…
secure attachment
they would be upset when mom left, but when she come back the…
16 terms
Social Development
Harry harlow
Secure Attachment
Insecure Attachment
Identity Crisis
Did research on baby monkeys with affection
When a child is comfortable and confident while the parent is…
When a child is not sure where to go for comfort
Trying to find the right path to take; don't know who you are
Harry harlow
Did research on baby monkeys with affection
Secure Attachment
When a child is comfortable and confident while the parent is…
13 terms
Social Development
Dodge's information processing theory
Agents of Influence: Parents
Permissive
Authoritarian
Children interpret situations based on past social situations
Freud- Feeding and toilet-training... Parenting style- Warmth/Co…
Low on control- Lax on rule, inconsistent discipline... High on…
High on control- Tough on discipline and obedience, highly st…
Dodge's information processing theory
Children interpret situations based on past social situations
Agents of Influence: Parents
Freud- Feeding and toilet-training... Parenting style- Warmth/Co…
7 terms
Social Development
Stranger Anxiety
Attachment
Critical Period
Imprinting
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display (8 months…
An emotional tie with another person - shown in young childre…
An optimal period early in the life of an organism when expos…
The process by which certain animals form strong bonds during…
Stranger Anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display (8 months…
Attachment
An emotional tie with another person - shown in young childre…
49 terms
Social Development
Emotions
Developing a sense of self
Classic rouge test
physical self
are inborn and universal... By 6 months : joy & surprise... By 8 mo…
ability to recognize physical self emerges during the 2nd yea…
place a baby in front of a mirror and put a red dot on their…
0 years- to preschool, focus on body exploring it
Emotions
are inborn and universal... By 6 months : joy & surprise... By 8 mo…
Developing a sense of self
ability to recognize physical self emerges during the 2nd yea…
24 terms
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Harry Harlow's Monkeys
Cloth mother vs Wire mother
Attatchment Theory
Need to belong (Bowlby)
study that posed the question: Is FOOD or COMFORT more import…
Harry Harlow studied learning in monkeys and took in infant m…
a set of concepts that explain the emergence of an emotional…
Need to form & maintain strong, stable interpersonal relation…
Harry Harlow's Monkeys
study that posed the question: Is FOOD or COMFORT more import…
Cloth mother vs Wire mother
Harry Harlow studied learning in monkeys and took in infant m…
9 terms
Social Development
Early Infancy (1-6 months)
Late Infancy (7-12 months)
Toddler (1-4 years)
Preschooler (4-5 years)
:Social Development... - Social Interactions... --- Eye contact... ---…
:Social Development... - Social Interactions... --- Gestures... --- Ru…
:Social Development... - Social Interactions... --- Toddler's creed…
:Social Development... - Social Interactions... --- Organized sport…
Early Infancy (1-6 months)
:Social Development... - Social Interactions... --- Eye contact... ---…
Late Infancy (7-12 months)
:Social Development... - Social Interactions... --- Gestures... --- Ru…
48 terms
Social Development
social development
attachment
protracted childhood
human infants cannot take care of them…
our changing identities and relationships throughout the life…
the long-lasting emotional bonds that infants develop toward…
remaining in a somewhat helpless child state for an extremely…
Why is a strong bond important for a human infant?
social development
our changing identities and relationships throughout the life…
attachment
the long-lasting emotional bonds that infants develop toward…
29 terms
social development
Bowlby's theory of attatchment
attachment patterns
three core attachment theories
internal working models
imprinting. young animals follow animals they have been expos…
secure attachment style- seek closeness... avoidant attachment s…
care giving, sensitivity, competence and secure base, that ar…
mental representations of attachment relationships, which for…
Bowlby's theory of attatchment
imprinting. young animals follow animals they have been expos…
attachment patterns
secure attachment style- seek closeness... avoidant attachment s…
12 terms
Social Development
Trust vs. Mistrust
Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
Initiative vs. Guilt
Industry vs. Inferiority
(birth - 1 year) Are needs dependably met?
(1-2 yrs) Can I exercise my will?
Preschooler ( 3-5 yrs) Can I initiate tasks and plans?
(6-puberty) Elementary Can I take pride in my had work?
Trust vs. Mistrust
(birth - 1 year) Are needs dependably met?
Autonomy vs Shame & doubt
(1-2 yrs) Can I exercise my will?
12 terms
Social development
Regards face
Recognizes parent
Plays gesture games
Imitates actions
Birth
2 months
9 months
12 months
Regards face
Birth
Recognizes parent
2 months
50 terms
Social Development
reciprocal determination
self-efficacy
egocentric
Zone of proximal development
Children's actions lead to actions by others, which change th…
perception of being able to solve social problems and being w…
can't take perspective of others or understand feelings/perce…
difference b/w a child's level of performance (development) a…
reciprocal determination
Children's actions lead to actions by others, which change th…
self-efficacy
perception of being able to solve social problems and being w…
31 terms
Social Development
Cognitive development: recap
How do children bond and think about o…
Attachment defined
Attachment =
-babies are prepared to learn... - although significant learning…
Attachment!
a strong emotional connection that persists over time and acr…
comfort and security, NOT food and physical needs or closenes…
Cognitive development: recap
-babies are prepared to learn... - although significant learning…
How do children bond and think about o…
Attachment!
21 terms
social development
socialization
bi-directional
norms
values
learn the rules, expectations, norms and values of a given so…
lifelong process
rules defining appropriate behaviors and actions
elements which are desirable or undesirable in a society; hel…
socialization
learn the rules, expectations, norms and values of a given so…
bi-directional
lifelong process
35 terms
Social Development
inborn emotions
duchene smile
learn to express
classic rouge test
6 months- joy and surprise... 18 months- envy, embarrassment, an…
only moving mouth, cheeks don't raise... fake smile
modeling: social referencing... reinforcement: display rules
18 months... put rouge on baby and put in front of mirror, if th…
inborn emotions
6 months- joy and surprise... 18 months- envy, embarrassment, an…
duchene smile
only moving mouth, cheeks don't raise... fake smile
9 terms
Social development
Attatchment
Stranger anxiety
Seperation anxiety
Contact comfort
Emtional ties that form between people
Infants cry when near a stranger
Infants cry or behave in other ways that indicate distress if…
Instinctual need to touch and be touched by something soft, s…
Attatchment
Emtional ties that form between people
Stranger anxiety
Infants cry when near a stranger
65 terms
Social Development
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
Phallic Stage
Latency Stage
The first stage of Freud's psychosexual development that take…
The second stage of Freud's psychosexual development that tak…
The third stage of Freud's psychosexual development that take…
The fourth stage of Freud's psychosexual development that tak…
Oral Stage
The first stage of Freud's psychosexual development that take…
Anal Stage
The second stage of Freud's psychosexual development that tak…
28 terms
Social development
Imprinting
Attachment
Social development
Four patterns of infant attachment, wi…
Is the tendency of young animals of certain species to follow…
Refers to the enduring ties children form with their primary…
Involves changes in interpersonal thought, feeling and behavi…
1. secure... 2. avoidant... 3. ambivalent... 4. disorganised
Imprinting
Is the tendency of young animals of certain species to follow…
Attachment
Refers to the enduring ties children form with their primary…
social development
Eriksons life span theory
1) Basic trust vs mis-trust
2) Autonomy vs self doubt
3) initiative vs guilt
conflicts resolved but never fully disappear... eight psychosoci…
0-1 years... infant needs help to develop a sense of trust... par…
1-3 years... start to explore and manipulate world around us... d…
3-6 years... begins it initiate intellectual and motor activiti…
Eriksons life span theory
conflicts resolved but never fully disappear... eight psychosoci…
1) Basic trust vs mis-trust
0-1 years... infant needs help to develop a sense of trust... par…
19 terms
Social development
Causal factors
Covariation
Temporal precedence
Nonspuriousness
Covariation, Temporal precedence and Nonspuriousness
You cannot have causation without covariation.
Cause leads to an effect, seen in a temporal manner, through…
The presence of A and B is not accounted for by a third varia…
Causal factors
Covariation, Temporal precedence and Nonspuriousness
Covariation
You cannot have causation without covariation.
9 terms
Social Development
Social Development
Socialisation
Peer Group
Gender
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relat…
The process of acquiring values, attitudes and behaviours thr…
A group of individuals who are of similar ages and who share…
The social and psychological dimension of being male or female.
Social Development
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relat…
Socialisation
The process of acquiring values, attitudes and behaviours thr…
34 terms
social development
personality development
socialization
self conscious emotions
self-regulation
children develop their own unique patterns of feeling, thinki…
acquiring the standards, values, and knowledge of their society
emotions that depend on a sense of self
the ability to alter subjective experiences, behaviors, and r…
personality development
children develop their own unique patterns of feeling, thinki…
socialization
acquiring the standards, values, and knowledge of their society
9 terms
social development
social development
social skills
stages of social play
solitary play
social development is being able to be a part of a group, und…
social skills include the use of social expression such as 'h…
1 solitary play... 2 parallel play... 3 looking -on play... 4 joining-…
the first stage of play, in which children play alone.
social development
social development is being able to be a part of a group, und…
social skills
social skills include the use of social expression such as 'h…
13 terms
Social Development
Biological Theories
Instinct/Drive Theories
Ethological or Evolutionary Theories
Erikson's Theory of Life Stages
tend to emphasize underlying similarities among all humans
Freudian Basis:... -sexual/aggressive drives... -development... -criti…
-species universal behaviors... -survival value: bowlby (attachm…
Freudian but focused on... -Social drives to: develop social tie…
Biological Theories
tend to emphasize underlying similarities among all humans
Instinct/Drive Theories
Freudian Basis:... -sexual/aggressive drives... -development... -criti…
51 terms
Social Development
Social system
Attachment
The Two Mothers Experiment
The Fear Experiment
A complex social life leads to complex communication systems…
Special affective and emotional bond between infant and caret…
Harry Harlow:... Subjects: Rhesus monkey babies, separated from…
Design: Monkeys are exposed to scary stimuli in same setting…
Social system
A complex social life leads to complex communication systems…
Attachment
Special affective and emotional bond between infant and caret…
123 terms
Social Development
Freud Psychic Energy
Freud Errogenous Zone
Freud's development
Freud ID
Biologicall based, instinctuak drives that motivate behavior,…
Areas that are erotically sensitive (mouth anus genitals)
Psychis energy matches errogenous zones. needs must be met to…
instincts oral stage
Freud Psychic Energy
Biologicall based, instinctuak drives that motivate behavior,…
Freud Errogenous Zone
Areas that are erotically sensitive (mouth anus genitals)
21 terms
Social Development
Social development
stranger anxiety
attachment
Securely attached (Forms of attachment)
the changing nature of relationships with others over the lif…
- fear of strangers that infants commonly display... - beginning…
- an emotional tie with another... - shown in young kids by seek…
explores the room when mom is present, becomes upset and expl…
Social development
the changing nature of relationships with others over the lif…
stranger anxiety
- fear of strangers that infants commonly display... - beginning…
60 terms
Social Development
Psychoanalytic theories
Freud's Psychosexual theory
psychic energy
erogenous zones
-continuity/discontinuity: stage theories stress discontinuit…
-universal development stages in which psychic energy becomes…
-biologically based, instinctual drives that energize behavio…
-areas that become erotically sensitive in successive stages…
Psychoanalytic theories
-continuity/discontinuity: stage theories stress discontinuit…
Freud's Psychosexual theory
-universal development stages in which psychic energy becomes…
8 terms
Social Development
Social development
Acronym for Social Development:
Aspects of Social Development:
Behaviour
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relat…
- Bull... - Shit... - Can... - Run... - Viral
- Behaviour... - Social roles/sex roles... - Communication skills... -…
Learning what is appropriate behaviour in a range of situatio…
Social development
The increasing complexity of behaviour patterns used in relat…
Acronym for Social Development:
- Bull... - Shit... - Can... - Run... - Viral
49 terms
Social development
Characteristics of family systems pers…
Parenting style: dimensions
Parenting style: outcomes associated w…
Parenting style: outcomes associated w…
-multiple sub systems ... -parent-child, child - sibling, parent…
Acceptance & responsiveness, demandingness & control
Anxious, with hostile tendencies and low confidence
Highly competent, well-adjusted
Characteristics of family systems pers…
-multiple sub systems ... -parent-child, child - sibling, parent…
Parenting style: dimensions
Acceptance & responsiveness, demandingness & control
13 terms
Social Development
Attachment relationships
Experiment: The Strange Situation
Social referencing
Remote causes attachment?
VERY STRONG RELATIONSHIPS between a primary caregiver and an…
used to test attachment relationship between young child and…
checking in with mom or dad during exploration
helps child to stay safe to explore when when they are mobile…
Attachment relationships
VERY STRONG RELATIONSHIPS between a primary caregiver and an…
Experiment: The Strange Situation
used to test attachment relationship between young child and…
30 terms
Social development
Piaget sensorimotor
Piaget sensorimotor
Piaget sensorimotor
Piaget sensorimotor
Learn by looking, touching, their senses.
Learn cause and effect
Learn object permanence and resperational thought
Separation anxiety
Piaget sensorimotor
Learn by looking, touching, their senses.
Piaget sensorimotor
Learn cause and effect
52 terms
Social Development
Learned Helplessness Theory
Mastery-Oriented
Learning Helplessness orientation & re…
Influence of Significant Others in Dev…
Dweck. Attribution styles of later achievement behavior
Success: high Ability.... Failure: Unstable Causes
success is from temporary factors. Don't experience pride. ... F…
Most effective if encourage child to do best when rewarding s…
Learned Helplessness Theory
Dweck. Attribution styles of later achievement behavior
Mastery-Oriented
Success: high Ability.... Failure: Unstable Causes
41 terms
social development
Imprinting
Konrad Lorenz
Henry Harlow
can isolates be rehabilitated?
follow first moving object they encounter, fixed action pattern
greylag geese would imprint on him
1957-1963 behaviourist- closest to humans imprinting- monkeys…
to some degree, argues against a critical period for social b…
Imprinting
follow first moving object they encounter, fixed action pattern
Konrad Lorenz
greylag geese would imprint on him
98 terms
Social Development
Freud (psychosexual) - Oral Stage
Freud (psychosexual) - Anal Stage
Freud (psychosexual) - Phallic Stage
Freud (psychosexual) - Latency
(First year of development) The mouth is the focus of pleasur…
(second year) The anus is the focus of pleasurable sensations…
(third to sixth year) Children develop sexual curiosity and o…
(seventh year through puberty) sexual urges are submerged. Ch…
Freud (psychosexual) - Oral Stage
(First year of development) The mouth is the focus of pleasur…
Freud (psychosexual) - Anal Stage
(second year) The anus is the focus of pleasurable sensations…
25 terms
Social Development
Stranger Anxiety
Attachment
Critical period
Imprinting
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginnin…
An emotional tie with another person; shown in young children…
An optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's expo…
The process by which certain animals form attachments during…
Stranger Anxiety
The fear of strangers that infants commonly display, beginnin…
Attachment
An emotional tie with another person; shown in young children…
68 terms
Social Development
Freud's stages of Psychosexual develop…
Fixation
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
1. Oral Stage (birth - 2)... 2. Anal Stage (2 to 4)... 3. Phallic S…
Fixation is bad. If you don't get what you need in a certain…
Birth - 2 years old... Site of pleasure for babies = mouth. Chil…
2 - 4 years old... Toilet training, really important during thes…
Freud's stages of Psychosexual develop…
1. Oral Stage (birth - 2)... 2. Anal Stage (2 to 4)... 3. Phallic S…
Fixation
Fixation is bad. If you don't get what you need in a certain…
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