Study sets matching "social perception"

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Study sets matching "social perception"

15 terms
Social Perception
social perception
primacy effect
thin-slicing
nonverbal communication
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
when it comes to forming impressions, the first* traits we pe…
drawing meaningful conclusions about another person's persona…
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
social perception
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
primacy effect
when it comes to forming impressions, the first* traits we pe…
Social Perception
Fundamental Attribution Error
Perceptual Salience
Belief in a Just World
Unrealistic Optimism
the tendency to attribute someone's behavior to their persona…
The seeming importance of information that is the focus of pe…
The self-serving belief that good things happen to good peopl…
Believing that nothing bad could happen to you
Fundamental Attribution Error
the tendency to attribute someone's behavior to their persona…
Perceptual Salience
The seeming importance of information that is the focus of pe…
Social Perception
Social Perception
First Impression
Automaticity
Face Importance
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
The way you come across to people when you first meet them. C…
The ability to perform a task without having to focus attenti…
we use the face the most for first impressions
Social Perception
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
First Impression
The way you come across to people when you first meet them. C…
26 terms
social perception
the most often used channels of nonver…
display rules
emblems
the relationship between encoding and…
display rules and emblems
are unique to each culture and dictate when its ok to do cert…
the actual gestures that have well understood definitions in…
encode is showing the emotion and decode is analyzing the emo…
the most often used channels of nonver…
display rules and emblems
display rules
are unique to each culture and dictate when its ok to do cert…
social perception
fiske cuddy nad glick 2006
fiske cuddy and glick 2007
willis and todorov 2006
blaire et al 2011
our judgements of others are based on perceived warmth and co…
perceived warmth and competence influence others affective re…
warmth judgements followed by competence judgements are relia…
warmth and competence judgements can predict the sentencing o…
fiske cuddy nad glick 2006
our judgements of others are based on perceived warmth and co…
fiske cuddy and glick 2007
perceived warmth and competence influence others affective re…
19 terms
Social Perception
social perception
nonverbal communication
attribution
impression formation
the process through which we seek to know and understand people
communication between individuals that doesn't involve the co…
the process through which we seek to identity the causes of o…
the process through which we form impressions of others
social perception
the process through which we seek to know and understand people
nonverbal communication
communication between individuals that doesn't involve the co…
16 terms
Social Perception
Attribution
6 universal facial expressions
Gesture
Paralanguage
-determines traits (more complex than using just a schema)... -t…
Anger... Fear... Sadness... Disgust... Happiness... Surprise... SAD FHS
short-term action involving a small part of the body
variations in speech that do not have to do with actual words.
Attribution
-determines traits (more complex than using just a schema)... -t…
6 universal facial expressions
Anger... Fear... Sadness... Disgust... Happiness... Surprise... SAD FHS
17 terms
Social Perception
Schemata
Prototypes
Scripts
Central traits
Organized, interconnected mental networks of information that…
Knowledge about the most representative or ideal example of a…
Knowledge about the appropriate sequence of behaviors in spec…
Certain traits influence impressions more than others; "warm"…
Schemata
Organized, interconnected mental networks of information that…
Prototypes
Knowledge about the most representative or ideal example of a…
7 terms
Social Perception
Attributions: Dispositional
Attributions: Situational
Covariance Model of Attribution
Fundamental Attribution Error
Internal, characteristics, stable
External, contextual, unstable
Variables: Consistency, distinctiveness, consensus... Types: Dis…
Tendency to overestimate disposition and underestimate situat…
Attributions: Dispositional
Internal, characteristics, stable
Attributions: Situational
External, contextual, unstable
Social Perception
Social Perception is the process by wh…
Social perception is also called _____…
Impression Formation
Salient Behaviors
-temporary states (what they're like right now)... -enduring dis…
person
-typically first step in person perception... -based on the quic…
relevant to the situation
Social Perception is the process by wh…
-temporary states (what they're like right now)... -enduring dis…
Social perception is also called _____…
person
20 terms
Social Perception
Nonverbal behavior
Emblems
Gender Differences
Perceptual Salience
body movements, facial expressions, communication without words
non verbal gestures- high fives, thumbs up, only understood w…
women are better at nonverbal than men
Making judgments on someone using the most noticeable qualiti…
Nonverbal behavior
body movements, facial expressions, communication without words
Emblems
non verbal gestures- high fives, thumbs up, only understood w…
21 terms
Social Perception
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
The 6 Universal Facial Expressions
Encode
The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
The way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
• Surprised... • Angry... • Scared... • Disgusted... • Happy... • Sad
To express or emit nonverbal behavior
Social Perception
The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
Nonverbal Communication
The way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
Social Perception
Social Perception
Attributions
Attribution Errors
Determinants of Attribution Errors
How people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
Internal attribution:... refers to whether the persons behaviour…
fundamental attribution error (or correspondence bias): ... the…
1. Salience... 2. Lack of Cognitive Capacity... 3. Beliefs about ot…
Social Perception
How people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
Attributions
Internal attribution:... refers to whether the persons behaviour…
30 terms
Social perception
How do we figure out others?
Social perception
Non-verbal communication
Non-verbal accent experiment
schemas & stereotypes... Verbal behaviors... non-verbal behaviors (…
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
Abigail Marsh & Nalini Ambady... when no emotion expressed on fa…
How do we figure out others?
schemas & stereotypes... Verbal behaviors... non-verbal behaviors (…
Social perception
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
Social Perception
Warmth judgments made before judgments…
Effects of judgments of warmth and com…
Real world outcomes of warmth and comp…
Real world outcomes of warmth and comp…
Willis and Todorov (2006) found that judgments of warmth were…
Cody, Fiske and Glick (2007) found that people high on warmth…
Blair et al (2004)
Todorov et al (2007)
Warmth judgments made before judgments…
Willis and Todorov (2006) found that judgments of warmth were…
Effects of judgments of warmth and com…
Cody, Fiske and Glick (2007) found that people high on warmth…
Social Perception
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
Gallese et al. (1996) Empathy
Facial Expressions
the study of how we form impressions of other people and make…
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
Nonverbal communication may also play a role in empathy - res…
the most significant channel of nonverbal communication
Social Perception
the study of how we form impressions of other people and make…
Nonverbal Communication
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
Social Perception
Social Perception
Non-Verbal Communication
What did Charles Darwin propose?
Display Rules
How we form impressions and make inferences about other peopl…
- How people communicate with ought words.... - It can be intent…
- He proposed the idea of universal emotions. ... - Species spec…
Culturally determined rules about which nonverbal behaviour a…
Social Perception
How we form impressions and make inferences about other peopl…
Non-Verbal Communication
- How people communicate with ought words.... - It can be intent…
13 terms
Social Perception
Social perception
What are the 3 components of social pe…
Implicit personality theory
Halo effect
Provides us with tools to make judgments and impressions rega…
1. Perceiver - influenced by experience, motives, and emotion…
States that there are sets of assumptions people make about h…
Cognitive bias in which judgments about a specific aspect of…
Social perception
Provides us with tools to make judgments and impressions rega…
What are the 3 components of social pe…
1. Perceiver - influenced by experience, motives, and emotion…
14 terms
Chapter 4 Social Perception
social perception
nonverbal communication
encode
decode
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
to express or emit nonverbal behavior
to interpret the meaning of the nonverbal behavior other peop…
social perception
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
nonverbal communication
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
11 terms
Social Psych Social Perception
social perception
attribution
dispositional attribution
situational attribution
The study of how people form impressions of and make inferenc…
An explanation for a person's behavior. There are two basic t…
An attribution made that implies cause of behavior was becaus…
An attribution made that implies cause of behavior was becaus…
social perception
The study of how people form impressions of and make inferenc…
attribution
An explanation for a person's behavior. There are two basic t…
13 terms
Social Perception
Attribution
Attribution Theory
Fundamental Attribution Error
FAE (Part 2)
A conclusion about the cause of an observed behavior/event.
We explain others' behavior with two types of attributions:…
When we go too far in assuming that a person's behavior is ca…
- We think a behavior demonstrates a trait. ... - We tend to ov…
Attribution
A conclusion about the cause of an observed behavior/event.
Attribution Theory
We explain others' behavior with two types of attributions:…
Social Perception
Social Perception
Naive Psychology
External Attribution
Internal Attribution
How people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
Heider's theory that people practise a form of untrained psyc…
Seeing the behaviour as caused by something external to the p…
Refers to whether the person's behaviour is caused by persona…
Social Perception
How people form impressions of and make inferences about othe…
Naive Psychology
Heider's theory that people practise a form of untrained psyc…
18 terms
Social Perception
Ambiguity
Cognitive dissonance
Social Perception
Primary Human emotions
Alack of decisiveness or commitment resulting in a failure to…
a drive or feeling of discomfort, caused by holding two or mo…
The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
6-8, anger, happy, sorrow, disgust, contempt, surprised, fear…
Ambiguity
Alack of decisiveness or commitment resulting in a failure to…
Cognitive dissonance
a drive or feeling of discomfort, caused by holding two or mo…
social perception
perception
social perception
stages of perception
stereotype
cognitive process that enables us to interpret and understand…
how people form impressions and make inferences about other p…
1- selective attention/comprehension (competing environmental…
an individuals set of beliefs about the carachteristics or at…
perception
cognitive process that enables us to interpret and understand…
social perception
how people form impressions and make inferences about other p…
14 terms
Social Perception
Overall points (6)
Social properties (7)
The social brain (6)
Superior Temporal Sulcus (7)
Social properties... The social brain... Superior temporal sulcus... L…
Gender... Identity... Emotion/affect... Dominance/vulnerability... Attrac…
ACC: anterior cingulate cortex... mPFC: medial prefrontal cortex…
Activity found in studies on:... Lip-reading... Mouth movement... Body…
Overall points (6)
Social properties... The social brain... Superior temporal sulcus... L…
Social properties (7)
Gender... Identity... Emotion/affect... Dominance/vulnerability... Attrac…
Social Perception
Social perception is about
we pay attention to
Sometimes it is ____ and sometimes it'…
NVC is
forming impressions about people
non verbal communication: facial expressions, body posture/mo…
intentional
useful
Social perception is about
forming impressions about people
we pay attention to
non verbal communication: facial expressions, body posture/mo…
8 terms
Social Perception
Define Social Perception
Diagram of the steps we take when judg…
Using the Diagram-ex of the steps
Example of social perception
An active cognitive process (or set of processes) through whi…
Stimulus (situation)-> Subjective impression of stimulus-> Ju…
-A joke is told... -One interprets the joke as funny another thi…
Friend stares at you vs stranger on L stares at you... -differen…
Define Social Perception
An active cognitive process (or set of processes) through whi…
Diagram of the steps we take when judg…
Stimulus (situation)-> Subjective impression of stimulus-> Ju…
9 terms
Social perception
schema
script
facial babyshness
Explain Ekman's views of emotions
mental maps or blueprints for how familiar people, objects, a…
a representation of prototypical event sequence
people with baby faces; are seen as more honest, trusting, an…
we are very good at detecting basic six emotions of happy, sa…
schema
mental maps or blueprints for how familiar people, objects, a…
script
a representation of prototypical event sequence
15 terms
Social Perception
Affect Blend
Attribution Theory
Consensus Information
Consistency Information
A facial expression in which one part of the face registers o…
A description of the way in which people explains the causes…
Information about the extent to which other people behave the…
Information about the extent to which the behavior between on…
Affect Blend
A facial expression in which one part of the face registers o…
Attribution Theory
A description of the way in which people explains the causes…
Social Perception
Social Perception
Non verbal cues
Attribution
6 Universal facial Expressions
Attempt to understand others through non-verbal cues and attr…
Helps determine immediate feelings or emotions
Determines traits/ trying to infer the causes of our own or s…
Anger, Fear, Sadness, Disgust, Happiness, Surprise
Social Perception
Attempt to understand others through non-verbal cues and attr…
Non verbal cues
Helps determine immediate feelings or emotions
17 terms
Social Perception
Affect Blend
Attribution Theory
Consensus Information
Consistency information
a facial expression in which one part registers one emotion w…
A way in which people explain the causes of their own and oth…
whether other people behave the same way toward the stimulus…
behavior between one actor and one stimulus is the same acros…
Affect Blend
a facial expression in which one part registers one emotion w…
Attribution Theory
A way in which people explain the causes of their own and oth…
23 terms
Social Perception
first impressions
implicit personality theory
observable behavior
2 mechanisms linking people to the env…
schemas, implicit personality theories, and observable behavior
a type of schema people use to group various kinds of persona…
what people say and do, gestures, tone of voice, facial expre…
identity claims, behavioral residue
first impressions
schemas, implicit personality theories, and observable behavior
implicit personality theory
a type of schema people use to group various kinds of persona…
Social Perception
Social Perception
Impression Formation
Impression Management
Nonverbal Communication
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
The process through which we form impressions of others.
Efforts by individuals to produce favorable first impressions…
Communications between individuals that does not involve the…
Social Perception
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Impression Formation
The process through which we form impressions of others.
16 terms
Social Perception
Social Perception Definition
Six Universal Emotions
Attribution Theory
Internal Attribution
The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
Fear, disgust, happiness, anger, surprise, and sadness.
Study of how we explain the causes of our own and others' beh…
Conclusion that a person's behavior... is caused by internal fac…
Social Perception Definition
The study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
Six Universal Emotions
Fear, disgust, happiness, anger, surprise, and sadness.
Social Perception
Social Perception
Non-verbal cues
Attribution
Non-verbal communication
Attempt to understand others through non-verbal cues and Attr…
helps determine immediate feelings or emotions
trying to infer the causes of our own or someone else's behav…
Occurs through various channels:... Facial Expressions... Eye Conta…
Social Perception
Attempt to understand others through non-verbal cues and Attr…
Non-verbal cues
helps determine immediate feelings or emotions
77 terms
Social Perception
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication Types
Encoding
Decoding
Study of how we form impressions and make inferences about ot…
Facial Expression, Tone of voice, Body Posture, Touch, Gaze
we express a nonverbal behavior
We interpret a nonverbal behavior
Social Perception
Study of how we form impressions and make inferences about ot…
Nonverbal Communication Types
Facial Expression, Tone of voice, Body Posture, Touch, Gaze
11 terms
Social perception
The Primacy effect
Self fulfilling prophecies
Stereotypes
Prejudice
an effect that suggest that the first information learned abo…
an effect that occurs when someone exceptions change his/her…
a generalized belief or exception about a group of people tha…
an attitude formed toward a member of a group solely because…
The Primacy effect
an effect that suggest that the first information learned abo…
Self fulfilling prophecies
an effect that occurs when someone exceptions change his/her…
22 terms
Social Perception
Social Perception
Nonverbal Communication
Attribution
Impression formation
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
The process through which we seek to identify the causes of o…
The process through which we form impressions of others.
Social Perception
The process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Nonverbal Communication
Communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
8 terms
Social Perception
Social Identity
Self-Schemas
Social Perception
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
Belief we hold about group we belong to ex. Nationality
Mental rep. people form of themselves
Processes through which people interpret info about others, d…
Process where initial impression of someone leads that person…
Social Identity
Belief we hold about group we belong to ex. Nationality
Self-Schemas
Mental rep. people form of themselves
Social perception
Social perception
Nonverbal communication
Encode
Decode
How we form impressions of and make infrences about others
Way where people communicate, intentionally or unintentionall…
Express or emit nonverbal behavior
Interpret the meaning of nonverbal behavior other people expr…
Social perception
How we form impressions of and make infrences about others
Nonverbal communication
Way where people communicate, intentionally or unintentionall…
34 terms
Social Perception
mind-perception
agency
experience
scripts
process by which attribute human-like mental states to animat…
ability to plan and execute behavior
capacity to feel pleasure, pain, and other feelings
present notions about certain situations that allow people to…
mind-perception
process by which attribute human-like mental states to animat…
agency
ability to plan and execute behavior
37 terms
Social Perception
Person Schema
Early information
Superficial Information
serial processing
Asch... For every person you know, you have a list of their attr…
First impression people make on you out way other information…
The way someone looks is particularly important in the way yo…
looking at one thing at a time
Person Schema
Asch... For every person you know, you have a list of their attr…
Early information
First impression people make on you out way other information…
Social Perception
Abbreviations
Ventral Stream
Dorsal Stream (face perception)
OFA (neural mode face processing)
PFC = prefrontal cortex... STS = superior temporal sulcus... TPJ =…
-runs from occipital to temporal lobe - concerned w/ identify…
-runs from occipital to parietal lobe - concerned with locati…
...
Abbreviations
PFC = prefrontal cortex... STS = superior temporal sulcus... TPJ =…
Ventral Stream
-runs from occipital to temporal lobe - concerned w/ identify…
23 terms
social perception
Social perception
Impression formation
Impression management
Nonverbal communication
the process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
how we form impressions of others.
efforts by individuals to produce favorable first impressions…
communication between individuals that does not involve the c…
Social perception
the process through which we seek to know and understand othe…
Impression formation
how we form impressions of others.
16 terms
Social Perception
social perception
continuum model of impression
universal facial expressions
emblems
the process through which people seek to know and understand…
motivation, power difference, and mismatch between category a…
sadness, anger, disgust, happiness, fear, surprise; display r…
gestures with specific meanings; depend on culture and situat…
social perception
the process through which people seek to know and understand…
continuum model of impression
motivation, power difference, and mismatch between category a…
Social perception
non-verbal cues
paralanguage
6 culturally universal expressions
emblem
help determine immediate feelings or emotions. Facial express…
variations in speech that do not have to do with the actual w…
happy, sad, angry, surprised, disgusted, afraid
a gesture, short term action involving a small part of the body
non-verbal cues
help determine immediate feelings or emotions. Facial express…
paralanguage
variations in speech that do not have to do with the actual w…
18 terms
Social Perception
social perception
process
First Impressions
thin slicing
processes by which people come to understand each other
target --> first impressions (automatic) --> situations (cont…
influenced by face/ appearances, we are often biased by our f…
people can look at someones face and accurately comment on them
social perception
processes by which people come to understand each other
process
target --> first impressions (automatic) --> situations (cont…
Social Perception
social perception
nonverbal communication
encode
decode
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
to express or emit nonverbal behavior, such as smiling or pat…
to interpret the meaning of the nonverbal behavior other peop…
social perception
the study of how we form impressions of and make inferences a…
nonverbal communication
the way in which people communicate, intentionally or uninten…
16 terms
Social perception
primacy effect
recency effect
Reliance on central traits
implicit personality theory
first impressions are often more important than subsequent im…
most recent information we have about an individual are impor…
Individuals tend to organize the perception of others based o…
categories we place others in during impression formation
primacy effect
first impressions are often more important than subsequent im…
recency effect
most recent information we have about an individual are impor…
22 terms
Social Perception
automatic processing
cognitive miser
controlled behavior
impression formation
The idea that because of our limited information processing c…
The idea that because humans have a limited capacity to under…
An effortful and careful processing of information that occur…
The process by which we make judgements about others
automatic processing
The idea that because of our limited information processing c…
cognitive miser
The idea that because humans have a limited capacity to under…
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