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Study sets matching "society chapter 8"

45 terms
Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
Second Great Awakening
revival
Charles Grandison Finney
Ralph Waldo Emmerson
Widespread spiritual movement
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
An important preacher in the revivalist movement
Leading transcendental philosopher
Second Great Awakening
Widespread spiritual movement
revival
a religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awa…
42 terms
Society the Basics Chapter 8
What is social stratification?
What are the four important principles…
What is social mobility?
What is a caste system?
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a…
A change in position within the social hierarchy.
A social stratification system based on ascription, or birth.…
What is social stratification?
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
What are the four important principles…
1. Social stratification is a trait of society, not simply a…
8 terms
Sports in Society Chapter 8
1. Coakley and Donnelly cite five majo…
2. Present five reasons as to why we s…
3. List and discuss three areas which…
4. Describe four possible reasons for…
• New opportunities... • Government equal rights legislation... • G…
• Budget cutbacks and the privatization of sport programs... • R…
• Inequities in participation opportunities... o Often grounded…
• Women have fewer established connections and networks in el…
1. Coakley and Donnelly cite five majo…
• New opportunities... • Government equal rights legislation... • G…
2. Present five reasons as to why we s…
• Budget cutbacks and the privatization of sport programs... • R…
16 terms
Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
strike
Sojourner Truth
Fredrick Douglas
Fredrick Douglas
workers refuse to work because they want to force their emplo…
a freed slave who joined the fight for women's rights as well…
Born into slavery, he was a great writer and speaker; believe…
first worked with William Lloyd Garrison, but stopped because…
strike
workers refuse to work because they want to force their emplo…
Sojourner Truth
a freed slave who joined the fight for women's rights as well…
14 terms
Aging and Society Chapter 8
Age Discrimination
Bridge Job
Discouraged Workers
Displaced Workers
When organizations do not hire, retain, or promote older work…
A job that takes place in the period between full-time employ…
People who want to work and are available to do so, yet are n…
People who lose a job they have performed for at least 3 year…
Age Discrimination
When organizations do not hire, retain, or promote older work…
Bridge Job
A job that takes place in the period between full-time employ…
29 terms
Chapter 8: Sexuality and Society
sex
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
intersexual people
the biological distinction between females and males
the genitals, organs used for reproduction
bodily development, apart from the genitals, that distinguish…
(hermaphrodites) people whose bodies (including genitals) hav…
sex
the biological distinction between females and males
primary sex characteristics
the genitals, organs used for reproduction
8 terms
Chapter 8 Society & Environment
Age Structure
Demographic Transition
Demography
Informal Employment
The distribution of people in a population according to age.
A scenario describing the historical trajectory of human popu…
The science of population, including the collection of birth/…
Economic activities that are "off the books" and unrecognized…
Age Structure
The distribution of people in a population according to age.
Demographic Transition
A scenario describing the historical trajectory of human popu…
32 terms
Chapter 8 (Media and Society)
acoustics
beat
business model
censorship
The interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of so…
In music, the basic unit of time, often defined as the rhythm…
An organization's plan for generating value from operations.
The suppression of speech, public communication, or other inf…
acoustics
The interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of so…
beat
In music, the basic unit of time, often defined as the rhythm…
9 terms
Chapter 8 - Schools and Society
achievement gap
at risk
corporate-education partnership
cyberbullying
The differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
Describes students or groups with characteristics that make t…
An arrangement in which a business or industry provides suppo…
Intimidation or bullying through e-mail, social networking si…
achievement gap
The differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
at risk
Describes students or groups with characteristics that make t…
15 terms
Law and Society Chapter 8
Case study method
Cause lawyering
Cause lawyers
Corporate Attorneys
Law students learned law by listening to lectures and by read…
the practice of law for a reason or to achieve a social chang…
lawyers who practice cause lawyering
Attorney who work directly for corporations or in large law f…
Case study method
Law students learned law by listening to lectures and by read…
Cause lawyering
the practice of law for a reason or to achieve a social chang…
17 terms
media and society chapter 8
partisan press
penny paper
human-interest stories
wire services
an early dominant style of American journalism distinguished…
refers to newspapers that, because of technological innovatio…
news accounts that focus on the trials and tribulations go th…
commercial organizations, such as the Associated Press, that…
partisan press
an early dominant style of American journalism distinguished…
penny paper
refers to newspapers that, because of technological innovatio…
18 terms
Chapter 8 Sexuality and Society
sex
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
intersexual people
the biological distinction between females and males
the genitals, organs used for reproduction
bodily development, apart from the genitals, that distinguish…
people whose bodies (including genitals) have both female and…
sex
the biological distinction between females and males
primary sex characteristics
the genitals, organs used for reproduction
19 terms
Chapter 8 Mass and Society
Partisan press
Penny papers
Human-interest stories
Wire services
an early dominant style of American Journalism distinguished…
refers to newspaper that, because of technological innovation…
news accounts that focus on the trails and tribulations of th…
commercial organizations, such as the Associated Press, that…
Partisan press
an early dominant style of American Journalism distinguished…
Penny papers
refers to newspaper that, because of technological innovation…
23 terms
Drugs and Society - Chapter 8
current drinkers
binge drinking
heavy drinking
teetotalers
at least one drink in the past 30 days; can include binge and…
a pattern of drinking 5 or more drinks for men and 4 or more…
five or more drinks on one occasion on at least five days in…
individuals who drink no alcoholic beverages whatsoever; term…
current drinkers
at least one drink in the past 30 days; can include binge and…
binge drinking
a pattern of drinking 5 or more drinks for men and 4 or more…
27 terms
Chapter 8 Reforming American Society
Second Great Awakening
Dorothea Dix
Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Th…
Utopia
Christian revival movement that featured large revival meetin…
Boston school teacher who travel the country working to impro…
Transcendentalists who emphasized living a simple life and ce…
A perfect place
Second Great Awakening
Christian revival movement that featured large revival meetin…
Dorothea Dix
Boston school teacher who travel the country working to impro…
31 terms
Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
Revival
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional religious…
A 19th-century religious movement in which individual respons…
A religious gathering designed to reawaken faith through impa…
New England writer, nurtured pride in emerging culture. Led g…
Charles Grandison Finney
Most famous preacher of the era, inspired emotional religious…
Second Great Awakening
A 19th-century religious movement in which individual respons…
Chapter 8: Schools and Society
Achievement Gap
At risk
Corporate-education partnership
Cyberbullying
The differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
Describes students or groups with characteristics that make t…
an arrangement in which business or industry provides support…
Intimidation or bullying through e-mail, social networking si…
Achievement Gap
The differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
At risk
Describes students or groups with characteristics that make t…
26 terms
Chapter 8: Reforming American Society
Charles Grandison Finney
Second Great Awakening
revivals
Ralph Waldo Emerson
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all ti…
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Met…
emotional gatherings where people came together to hear sermo…
American transcendentalist who was against slavery and stress…
Charles Grandison Finney
An evangelist who was one of the greatest preachers of all ti…
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Met…
Chapter 8 society the basics
Social stratification
Social mobility
What are the characteristics of caste…
What are the characteristics of class…
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
a change in position within the social hierarchy
based on birth (ascription); permit little or no social mobil…
based on both birth (ascription) and meritocracy (individual…
Social stratification
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
Social mobility
a change in position within the social hierarchy
23 terms
Chapter 8: "Sexuality and Society"
sex
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
intersexual people
The biological distinction between females and males.
The genitals, organs used for reproduction.
Bodily development, apart from the genitals, that distinguish…
(a.k.a. hermaphrodites). People whose bodies (including genit…
sex
The biological distinction between females and males.
primary sex characteristics
The genitals, organs used for reproduction.
76 terms
Health and Society Chapter 8
What is inpatient care?
What is a hospital?
Why is an ER not considered an inpatie…
What are hospital characteristics?
Requires an overnight stay in a health care facility
An institution with at least 6 beds whose function is to deli…
It is considered an outpatient facility because patients do n…
Governing Body... CEO is responsible for operations... Medical reco…
What is inpatient care?
Requires an overnight stay in a health care facility
What is a hospital?
An institution with at least 6 beds whose function is to deli…
10 terms
Chapter 8 Police and Society
Computerized Crime Mapping
Directed Patrol
specific deterrence
general deterrence
A computer generated map of crime information matched to a ge…
A proactive patrol method that uses uncommitted time for a sp…
focused on the seizure of illegal weapons from targeted offen…
was to maximize motor vehicle stops as a sign of increased po…
Computerized Crime Mapping
A computer generated map of crime information matched to a ge…
Directed Patrol
A proactive patrol method that uses uncommitted time for a sp…
33 terms
Mass Media and Society Vocabulary - Chapter 8
Newspaper
Adversarial Press
Dailies
Weeklies
printed products created on a regular (weekly or daily) basis…
a press that has the ability to argue with the government
newspapers that are published on newsprint everyday, sometime…
newspapers that are published on newsprint onces or twice a w…
Newspaper
printed products created on a regular (weekly or daily) basis…
Adversarial Press
a press that has the ability to argue with the government
23 terms
Drugs and Society - Chapter 8
current drinkers
binge drinking
heavy drinking
teetotalers
at least one drink in the past 30 days; can include binge and…
a pattern of drinking 5 or more drinks for men and 4 or more…
five or more drinks on one occasion on at least five days in…
individuals who drink no alcoholic beverages whatsoever; term…
current drinkers
at least one drink in the past 30 days; can include binge and…
binge drinking
a pattern of drinking 5 or more drinks for men and 4 or more…
Society: The Basics Chapter 8
Social Stratification
Social mobility
Caste System
Class System
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
A change in position within the social hierarchy
Social stratification based on ascription or birth. Allows li…
Social stratification based on both birth and individual achi…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Social mobility
A change in position within the social hierarchy
34 terms
Business and Society Chapter 8
David is willing to put in his time at…
Lucy is passionate and enthusiastic ab…
Don is sometime willing to go the "ext…
Jane frequently refuses to do work tha…
Not engaged
Actively engaged
Not engaged
Actively disengaged
David is willing to put in his time at…
Not engaged
Lucy is passionate and enthusiastic ab…
Actively engaged
17 terms
Chapter 8-Japan Society
Daiymo
Heian Art
Oba Nobunaga
Prince Shotoku
Japan's large landowners
They had fashion, literature, visual arts, architecture, and…
He was the first such leader. He gave his soldiers guns and t…
He was one of the most influential in bring Chinese ideas to…
Daiymo
Japan's large landowners
Heian Art
They had fashion, literature, visual arts, architecture, and…
10 terms
chapter 8 - music in american society
12 bar blues form
break
call-and-response pattern
bending
a standard pattern of chord changes applied to each stanza of…
a brief instrumental interlude that occurs in an ensemble pie…
a pattern of contrasts that emerges as a result of call and r…
a technique used with stringed instruments (especially the gu…
12 bar blues form
a standard pattern of chord changes applied to each stanza of…
break
a brief instrumental interlude that occurs in an ensemble pie…
17 terms
Mass Media and Society Information - Chapter 8
Movie watched in class about the New Y…
Star journalist in the movie from class
Invention of the printing press happen…
Newspaper in the 1600s
Page 1: Inside the New York Times
David Carr
1440
regular feature in Britian
Movie watched in class about the New Y…
Page 1: Inside the New York Times
Star journalist in the movie from class
David Carr
9 terms
ETP Chapter 8 Schools and Society
spending per pupil
school funding gap
achievement gap
corporate-education partnership
the average amount of money a school spends to educate a stud…
the problem that occurs when schools in districts with lower…
the differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
an arrangement in which a business or industry provides suppo…
spending per pupil
the average amount of money a school spends to educate a stud…
school funding gap
the problem that occurs when schools in districts with lower…
35 terms
Chapter 8-Sexuality & Society
Sex
Primary Sex Characteristics
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Inter-sexual People(hermaphrodites)
A biological issue... -the biological distinctions between femal…
genitals, Organs used for reproduction
Bodily development that distinguishes mature males and female…
Possessing some combination of female and male genitalia
Sex
A biological issue... -the biological distinctions between femal…
Primary Sex Characteristics
genitals, Organs used for reproduction
40 terms
Media & Society Chapter 8
lumiere brothers
Edwin S Porter
the great train robbery
birth of a nation
invent the earliest portable movie camera and projector
who directed The Great Train Robbery?
first major movie with multiple scenes and a plot... contains 12…
DW Griffith directed which controversial Civil War era silent…
lumiere brothers
invent the earliest portable movie camera and projector
Edwin S Porter
who directed The Great Train Robbery?
17 terms
Chapter 8: Sexuality & Society
sex
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
intersexual people
the biological distinction between females and males
the genitals; organs used for reproduction
bodily development, apart from the genitals, that distinguish…
people whose bodies (including genitals) have both female and…
sex
the biological distinction between females and males
primary sex characteristics
the genitals; organs used for reproduction
28 terms
Media and Society chapter 8
electromagnetic spectrum
Morse code
Broadcasting
Wireless technology
The range of frequencies that can be used for transmitting ra…
Telegraph code of dots and dashes invented by Samuel Morse
using wireless technology to instantaneously reach a wide aud…
Name for early radio transmissions, before human voices could…
electromagnetic spectrum
The range of frequencies that can be used for transmitting ra…
Morse code
Telegraph code of dots and dashes invented by Samuel Morse
29 terms
Chapter 8: Sexuality and Society
sex
primary sex characteristics
secondary sex characteristics
intersexual people
the biological distinction between females and males
the genitals, organs used for reproduction
bodily development, apart from the genitals, that distinguish…
(hermaphrodites) people whose bodies (including genitals) hav…
sex
the biological distinction between females and males
primary sex characteristics
the genitals, organs used for reproduction
19 terms
Chapter 8 Business and Society
Responsible Management Actions
responsible supply chain
Three Tasks for Responsible Supply Cha…
supply chain
Create infrastructure and systems ... Engage with suppliers ... Pro…
is one that optimizes the triple bottom line, stakeholder val…
Create value for and with supply chain partners and stakehold…
is a series of interconnected valuecreating and value-depleti…
Responsible Management Actions
Create infrastructure and systems ... Engage with suppliers ... Pro…
responsible supply chain
is one that optimizes the triple bottom line, stakeholder val…
32 terms
History 8: Chapter 8 An Agrarian Society
agrarian
bartering
clubbing
court week
a person who farmed to make a living who also believed that f…
to trade one item for another
when a neighborhood combined their surplus crops into one lar…
a time, once each season, when justices came to the county se…
agrarian
a person who farmed to make a living who also believed that f…
bartering
to trade one item for another
35 terms
Chapter 8-Sexuality & Society
Sex
Primary Sex Characteristics
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Inter-sexual People(hermaphrodites)
A biological issue... -the biological distinctions between femal…
genitals, Organs used for reproduction
Bodily development that distinguishes mature males and female…
Possessing some combination of female and male genitalia
Sex
A biological issue... -the biological distinctions between femal…
Primary Sex Characteristics
genitals, Organs used for reproduction
70 terms
Chapter 8 American Society
President Jackson
Spoils system
Caucus System
National nominating convention
-won support of all new voters (common people) ... -hot tempered…
-Jackson was good at making ppl happy by giving them responsi…
-members of congress would meet to choose president candid.... -…
delegates from states would gather to decide on party's presi…
President Jackson
-won support of all new voters (common people) ... -hot tempered…
Spoils system
-Jackson was good at making ppl happy by giving them responsi…
23 terms
Chapter 8 reforming society
Second Great Awakening
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Fredrick Douglas
David Walker
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on met…
American Transcendentalist who was against slavery and stress…
A former slave who was an abolitionist assayed many people to…
A free African American who urged blacks to take their freedo…
Second Great Awakening
A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on met…
Ralph Waldo Emerson
American Transcendentalist who was against slavery and stress…
24 terms
Police in Modern Society Chapter 8
Bias crime
Computer-aided dispatch
Computerized crime mapping
Crackdowns
A crime that is racially or sexually motivated; a hate crime.
A system that includes call taking, dispatching, and call dis…
A computer generated map of crime information matched to a ge…
Intensive, short term increases in officer presence and arres…
Bias crime
A crime that is racially or sexually motivated; a hate crime.
Computer-aided dispatch
A system that includes call taking, dispatching, and call dis…
16 terms
Media and Society Chapter 8- Newspapers
Printing Press
Penny Papers
Associated Press
Yellow Journalism
best thing ever
Made possible by technological innovation in printing ... -Named…
first major news wire service that related news storie and in…
Overly dramatic and snestional stories ... Investigative journal…
Printing Press
best thing ever
Penny Papers
Made possible by technological innovation in printing ... -Named…
28 terms
Chapter 8 Sexuality and Society
Sex
Primary Sex Characteristics
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Sex is not the same thing as gender
the biological distinction between females and males
the organs used for reproduction, namely, the genitals
bodily differences, apart from the genitals, that distinguish…
true
Sex
the biological distinction between females and males
Primary Sex Characteristics
the organs used for reproduction, namely, the genitals
28 terms
Human Communication in Society Chapter 8
diaspora
mediation
intercultural communication
culture
group of immigrants, sojourners, slaves, or strangers living…
peaceful third-party intervention
communication that occurs in interactions between people who…
learned patterns of perceptions, values, and behaviors shared…
diaspora
group of immigrants, sojourners, slaves, or strangers living…
mediation
peaceful third-party intervention
23 terms
Society the basics chapter 8
social stratification
social mobility
caste system
class system
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
a change in position within the social hierarchy
a social stratification based on ascription, or birth
social stratification based on both birth and individual achi…
social stratification
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
social mobility
a change in position within the social hierarchy
28 terms
Law and Society Chapter 8
jury decisions
jury nullification
jury selection
voir dire
historically unanimous verdicts required; 12 individuals
conscious and deliberate decision of a jury to acquit a defen…
selected from licenses or registered voters; must represent a…
brief questioning in open court of jury before the trial to s…
jury decisions
historically unanimous verdicts required; 12 individuals
jury nullification
conscious and deliberate decision of a jury to acquit a defen…
Drugs and Society Chapter 8
Medical model
Criticism of model
How they apply mental health to the me…
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of m…
Symtoms - diagnosis - determination of cause - treatment - cure
Not easy for mental health, behaviors vary, different circums…
Symptoms of mental health disorder lead to a diagnosis that c…
Developed by the American Psychiatric Association, we go to t…
Medical model
Symtoms - diagnosis - determination of cause - treatment - cure
Criticism of model
Not easy for mental health, behaviors vary, different circums…
34 terms
Comp and Society Chapter 8
Communications
Communications Channel
Analog Signals
Analog to Digital Converter
The process of sending and receiving messages electronically…
A path used to send and receive messages.
Continuous waves
Converts analog signals to digital signals
Communications
The process of sending and receiving messages electronically…
Communications Channel
A path used to send and receive messages.
9 terms
Chapter 8 - Schools and Society Key Terms/Vocabulary
achievement gap
at risk
corporate-education partnership
cyberbullying
The differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
Describes students or groups with characteristics that make t…
An arrangement in which a business or industry provides suppo…
Intimidation or bullying through e-mail, social networking si…
achievement gap
The differences in learning and graduation rates among school…
at risk
Describes students or groups with characteristics that make t…
32 terms
Media and Society Chapter 8
Acoustics
beat
business model
censorship
The interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of so…
In music, the basic unit of time, often defined as the rhythm…
An organization's plan for generating value from operations.
The suppression of speech, public communication, or other inf…
Acoustics
The interdisciplinary science that deals with the study of so…
beat
In music, the basic unit of time, often defined as the rhythm…
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