How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "sociology 101 chapter 2 sociological"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "sociology 101 chapter 2 sociological"

Sociology 101 Chapter 2
hypothesis
research methods
ethnography
participant observation
ideas or guesses about a given state of affairs, put forward…
the diverse methods of investigation used to gather empirical…
the firsthand study of people using participant observation o…
a method of research widely used in sociology and anthropolog…
hypothesis
ideas or guesses about a given state of affairs, put forward…
research methods
the diverse methods of investigation used to gather empirical…
16 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 2
Culture
Society
Normative Culture
Cognitive Culture
consists of material objects and patterns of thinking, feelin…
a group of people living within defined territorial borders w…
composed of norms, sanctions, and values
languages, beliefs
Culture
consists of material objects and patterns of thinking, feelin…
Society
a group of people living within defined territorial borders w…
34 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2
Society
Macrolevel
Microlevel
Top-Down Effect
People living in the same geographic area who share a culture…
Broad social forces & structural features of society
Immediate, everyday experiences of individuals.
A society influences its members through certain identifiable…
Society
People living in the same geographic area who share a culture…
Macrolevel
Broad social forces & structural features of society
21 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Culture
Material Culture
Non-Material Culture
Cultural Universals
Knowledge, language, values, customs, and materials objects t…
The tangible creations that members of a society make, use, a…
The intangible human creations of society that influence peop…
Customs and practices that occur a cross all societies.... Ex. A…
Culture
Knowledge, language, values, customs, and materials objects t…
Material Culture
The tangible creations that members of a society make, use, a…
25 terms
Sociology 101 chapter 2
material culture
non-material culture
symbol
english
physical things created by members of society (fashion, physi…
ideas created by members of society (music, literature,religi…
anything that carries a cultural meaning (language, body lang…
second most common 1st language
material culture
physical things created by members of society (fashion, physi…
non-material culture
ideas created by members of society (music, literature,religi…
29 terms
Sociology 101- Chapter 2
Culture
society
material culture
non-material culture
ways of thinking, acting, and the material objects that toget…
people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture
the tangible, physical artifacts of culture
the intangible aspects of culture
Culture
ways of thinking, acting, and the material objects that toget…
society
people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture
49 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Theory
Thomas Hobbes
Natural State
John Locke
a statement that tries to explain how certain facts or variab…
1588-1679; people are responsible for creating their social w…
how humans existed prior to the emergence of social structures
1632-1794; god was responsible for the emergence of society a…
Theory
a statement that tries to explain how certain facts or variab…
Thomas Hobbes
1588-1679; people are responsible for creating their social w…
27 terms
Sociology 101- Chapter 2
1. Defining the Research
2. Reviewing the Evidence
3. Making the Problem Precise
Hypotheses
All research must start with a research problem.... Ex. What pro…
Once the problem is identified, the sociologist must review r…
Clearly formulating the research problem.... At this stage- hypo…
ideas or guesses about a given state affairs, put forward as…
1. Defining the Research
All research must start with a research problem.... Ex. What pro…
2. Reviewing the Evidence
Once the problem is identified, the sociologist must review r…
26 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
research methods
quantitative methods
qualitative methods
deductive approach
approaches that social scientists use for investigating the a…
methods that seek to obtain information about the social worl…
methods that attempt to collect information about the social…
a research approach that starts with a theory, forms a hypoth…
research methods
approaches that social scientists use for investigating the a…
quantitative methods
methods that seek to obtain information about the social worl…
36 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Culture
Nonmaterial Culture
Material Culture
Society
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
The ideas created by members of a society.
The physical things created by members of a society.
People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture.
Culture
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
Nonmaterial Culture
The ideas created by members of a society.
27 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Values
Norms
Material Goods
Culture
Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
The Physical objects that a society creates: these influence…
The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
Values
Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
Norms
Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
16 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Hypothesis
Research methods
Ethnography
Participant observation
ideas or guesses about a given state of affairs put forward a…
the diverse methods of investigation used to gather empirical…
the firsthand study of people using participant observation o…
a method of research widely used in sociology and anthropolog…
Hypothesis
ideas or guesses about a given state of affairs put forward a…
Research methods
the diverse methods of investigation used to gather empirical…
49 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2
Achieved Status
Ascribed Status
Dyad
Globalization
Social position acquired through our own efforts taken on vol…
Social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily l…
Group consisting of two people
Process through which people's lives all around the world bec…
Achieved Status
Social position acquired through our own efforts taken on vol…
Ascribed Status
Social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily l…
32 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
science
empirical evidence
positivist sociology
concept
a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic o…
information we can verify with our senses
the study of society based on systematic observation of socia…
a mental construct that represents some part of the world in…
science
a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic o…
empirical evidence
information we can verify with our senses
18 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2
Culture
Society
Material Culture
Non-material Culture
the way of thinking, ways of acting, and material objects tha…
people who interact in define territory and share a culture
the physical things created by members of a society
ideas created by members of society
Culture
the way of thinking, ways of acting, and material objects tha…
Society
people who interact in define territory and share a culture
50 terms
Chapter 2 Sociology-101
Christopher researches the changes in…
To better understand the experiences o…
The _____ is the factor that is predic…
A closed-ended question allows for a w…
quantitative
Ethenography
Independent variable
False
Christopher researches the changes in…
quantitative
To better understand the experiences o…
Ethenography
31 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 2
Theoretical Perspectives
Symbolic Interaction Theory
Critiques of Symbolic Interaction
Rational Choice Theory
Broadest theories in sociology. Provide overall approaches to…
Micro/Meso level theory. Humans create meaning of symbols and…
Neglects macro level structures which effect our behaviour. E…
We make all of our decisions through self-interest. Weight co…
Theoretical Perspectives
Broadest theories in sociology. Provide overall approaches to…
Symbolic Interaction Theory
Micro/Meso level theory. Humans create meaning of symbols and…
46 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Life Chances
Wealth
Gross Assets
Absolute Poverty
Access provided by social position to goods and services
the value of assets owned by a household
total value of the assets someone owns
lack of basic necessities like food or shelter
Life Chances
Access provided by social position to goods and services
Wealth
the value of assets owned by a household
36 terms
Sociology Chapter 2 Sociological Research
Causal Logic
Code of ethics
content analysis
control group
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
the systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided…
the subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the i…
Causal Logic
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
Code of ethics
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
12 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
independent variable
dependent variable
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
can stand alone all by itself and does not require anything e…
can not change or grow unless something else is happening or…
the perspective in sociology according to which society consi…
assumes that social life is shaped by groups and individuals…
independent variable
can stand alone all by itself and does not require anything e…
dependent variable
can not change or grow unless something else is happening or…
27 terms
sociology 101: chapter 2
culture
values
norms
material goods
The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
The physical objects that a society creates; these influence…
culture
The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
values
ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
24 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Strata
Stratification
White
Hispanic
a single category of stratification
1960 U.S. Population(190 Million), 2015 U.S. Population(315 M…
% of U.S. Population(63%), % At/Below Poverty(11%)
% of U.S. Population(17%), % At/Below Poverty(20%)
Strata
a single category of stratification
Stratification
1960 U.S. Population(190 Million), 2015 U.S. Population(315 M…
25 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 2
Alienation
Anomie
capitalism
Capitalists
In a capitalist system, being unconnected to one's work, prod…
The feeling of not knowing what is expected of one in society…
In Marx's view, an economic system based on one group of peop…
Those who own what is needed for production--factories, machi…
Alienation
In a capitalist system, being unconnected to one's work, prod…
Anomie
The feeling of not knowing what is expected of one in society…
16 terms
Sociology 101-Chapter 2
empirical evidence
reliability
validity
operational definition
(that is, evidence corroborated by direct experience and/or o…
how likely research results are to be replicated if the study…
which refers to how well the study measures what it was desig…
that is, they define the concept in terms of the physical or…
empirical evidence
(that is, evidence corroborated by direct experience and/or o…
reliability
how likely research results are to be replicated if the study…
28 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
culture
material culture
nonmaterial culture
culture shock
language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and material obj…
physical culture
group's way of thinking: gestures, language
disorientation due to discomfort with a different culture
culture
language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and material obj…
material culture
physical culture
29 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Personal Troubles
Public Issues
Culture
Values
Difficulties that are located in individual biographies and t…
Difficulties or problems that are linked to the institutional…
The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
Personal Troubles
Difficulties that are located in individual biographies and t…
Public Issues
Difficulties or problems that are linked to the institutional…
Sociology 101 - Chapter 2
Case Study
Code of Ethics
Content Analysis
Correlation
In-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
A set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
Applying a systematic approach to record and value informatio…
When a change in one variable coincides with a change in anot…
Case Study
In-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
Code of Ethics
A set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
44 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
quantitative research
qualitative reasearch
scientific method
correlation
a sociologist who work with numerical data by translating the…
work with non-numerical data such as texts written with field…
standard procedure for acquiring and verifying empirical know…
relationship between variables in which they change together…
quantitative research
a sociologist who work with numerical data by translating the…
qualitative reasearch
work with non-numerical data such as texts written with field…
34 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
culture
material culture
nonmaterial culture
"culture within us"
language, beliefs, values, norms, and behaviors passed down f…
jewelry, art, buildings, machines, material objects distingui…
group ways of thinking, beliefs, values, and assumptions
becomes a lens in what we perceive and evaluate happenings
culture
language, beliefs, values, norms, and behaviors passed down f…
material culture
jewelry, art, buildings, machines, material objects distingui…
49 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
Theory
Thomas Hobbes
Natural State
John Locke
a statement that tries to explain how certain facts or variab…
1588-1679; people are responsible for creating their social w…
how humans existed prior to the emergence of social structures
1632-1794; god was responsible for the emergence of society a…
Theory
a statement that tries to explain how certain facts or variab…
Thomas Hobbes
1588-1679; people are responsible for creating their social w…
17 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
the steps in the scientific method are:
interview:
experiment:
participant observation:
1. identify a problem or ask a question... 2. conduct literature…
direct questioning of respondents
testing the effect of a treatment using a "control" and "expe…
researcher participates in and observes setting
the steps in the scientific method are:
1. identify a problem or ask a question... 2. conduct literature…
interview:
direct questioning of respondents
30 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2
Achieved Status
Ascribed Status
Coalition
Conflict Perspective
Social position acquired through our own efforts or accomplis…
Social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily l…
Subgroup of a triad, formed when two members unite against th…
Theoretical perspective that views the structure of society a…
Achieved Status
Social position acquired through our own efforts or accomplis…
Ascribed Status
Social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily l…
31 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 2
Case Study
Code of Ethics
Content Analysis
Correlation
In-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
A set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
Applying a systematic approach to record and value informatio…
When a change in one variable coincides with a change in anot…
Case Study
In-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
Code of Ethics
A set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
26 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2
Longitudinal Research
Analysis
Empirical Question
Open-ended Interview
A study that observes a population over a period of time.
Organizing data for the purpose of making comparisons and dra…
Based on, or capable of being based on, observed evidence.
Research in which the researcher follows a set of questions b…
Longitudinal Research
A study that observes a population over a period of time.
Analysis
Organizing data for the purpose of making comparisons and dra…
38 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
hypothesis
variable
operational definition
research method
a statement of how variables are expected to be related to on…
a factor that can vary (or change) from one person or situati…
the way in which a researcher measures a variable
one of six procedures that sociologists use to collect data:…
hypothesis
a statement of how variables are expected to be related to on…
variable
a factor that can vary (or change) from one person or situati…
12 terms
Sociology 101 (Chapter 2)
What is culture?
Culture shock
Society
symbol
society entire ways of life... includes nonmaterial: ideas creat…
personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way o…
people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture
anything that carries particular meaning recongnized by peopl…
What is culture?
society entire ways of life... includes nonmaterial: ideas creat…
Culture shock
personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way o…
27 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2 (Vocab)
culture
values
norms
material goods
The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
The physical objects that a society creates; these influence…
culture
The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
values
Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
14 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2
why is social research important?
What is the scientific method
How do sociologists do research
What is the research process
Research methods are organized, systematic procedures to gain…
Scientific method is a body of objective and systematic techn…
...
Choose a topic... summarize the related research ... formulate a hy…
why is social research important?
Research methods are organized, systematic procedures to gain…
What is the scientific method
Scientific method is a body of objective and systematic techn…
31 terms
SOC101 Chapter 2- Sociological Research
scientific method
variable
operational definition
hypothesis
a systematic,organized series of steps that ensures maximum o…
a measurable trait or characteristic that is subject to chang…
transformation of an abstract concept into indicators that ar…
a testable statement about the relationship between two or mo…
scientific method
a systematic,organized series of steps that ensures maximum o…
variable
a measurable trait or characteristic that is subject to chang…
20 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 2 (Culture)
Material Culture
Non-Material Culture
Culture Shock
Ethnocentrism
Physical items utilized by a particular culture.
A group's way of thinking.
The disorientation that people experience when they come into…
The use of one's own culture as a yardstick for judging the w…
Material Culture
Physical items utilized by a particular culture.
Non-Material Culture
A group's way of thinking.
25 terms
Sociology 101 Terms : Chapter 2 Sociological Research Methods
Culture (pg. 37)
Material Culture (pg. 38)
Non-Material Culture (pg. 39)
Beliefs (pg. 39)
The knowledge, language, values, customs, & material objects…
A component of culture that consists of the physical or tangi…
A component of culture that consists of the abstract or intan…
The mental acceptance or conviction that certain things are t…
Culture (pg. 37)
The knowledge, language, values, customs, & material objects…
Material Culture (pg. 38)
A component of culture that consists of the physical or tangi…
32 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 2 Terms
case study
code of ethics
content analysis
control group
in-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
a set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
applying a systematic approach to record and value informatio…
an experimental group that is not exposed to the independent…
case study
in-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
code of ethics
a set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
28 terms
Sociology 101/Centellas Chapter 2
steps of the research process
Park vs ogburn
advantages/limitations of ethnogrophy
Two types of common surveys
define the problem, review the literature, formulate a hypoth…
Park- most important to go around city and meet subjects. Lea…
a- provides info on a groups behavior and how they understand…
standard- responses are easy to count and compare; may yeild…
steps of the research process
define the problem, review the literature, formulate a hypoth…
Park vs ogburn
Park- most important to go around city and meet subjects. Lea…
26 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2: Culture
Sociable
Intelligence:
Sensitive hands
Vocal
They live in groups showing affection for one another and int…
They have heavy brain as compared to total body size, especia…
This allows for tool manipulation. In fact, humans have extra…
Primates chatter constantly.
Sociable
They live in groups showing affection for one another and int…
Intelligence:
They have heavy brain as compared to total body size, especia…
64 terms
Sociology 101 chapter 2 and 3
culture
nonmaterial culture
material culture
society
the ways of thinking, ways of acting, and material objects th…
the ideas created by members of a society, ranging from art t…
physical things created by members of a society
people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture
culture
the ways of thinking, ways of acting, and material objects th…
nonmaterial culture
the ideas created by members of a society, ranging from art t…
45 terms
Sociology 101-Chapter 2: Studying Social Life: Sociological Research Methods
Quantitive Research
Qualitative Research
Scientific Method
Literature Review
Research that translates the social world into numbers that c…
Research that works with non-numerical data such as texts, fi…
A procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collectin…
A thorough search through previously published studies releva…
Quantitive Research
Research that translates the social world into numbers that c…
Qualitative Research
Research that works with non-numerical data such as texts, fi…
55 terms
Sociology 101 Dr. Shannon Chapter 2 and 3
quantitative research
qualitative research
scientific method
literature review
work with numbers; this type of research often tries to find…
non-numerical data sets such as texts, field notes, interview…
a procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collectin…
a thorough search through previously published studies releva…
quantitative research
work with numbers; this type of research often tries to find…
qualitative research
non-numerical data sets such as texts, field notes, interview…
50 terms
Chapter 2 Test Sociology 101
Children learn the values, norms, and…
Which is the main agent of socializati…
Friendship groups of similar age and s…
From a sociological perspective, the s…
Socialization
Small-scale families
Peer groups
Socialization
Children learn the values, norms, and…
Socialization
Which is the main agent of socializati…
Small-scale families
36 terms
Sociology Chapter 2 Sociological Research
Causal Logic
Code of ethics
content analysis
control group
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
the systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided…
the subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the i…
Causal Logic
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
Code of ethics
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
35 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 2 Vocab
Culture
Nonmaterial Culture
Material Culture
Society
the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
the ideas created by members of a society.
the physical things created by members of a society.
people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture.
Culture
the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material ob…
Nonmaterial Culture
the ideas created by members of a society.
1 of 10