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Study sets matching "sociology 101 chapter 8"

Sociology 101 chapter 8
Crime
Infraction
Misdemeanor
Felony
any intentional act or omission of an act that violates crimi…
a minor violation of criminal law, usually punishable by a fi…
a less serious violation of criminal law punishable by a fine…
the most serious violation of criminal law punishable by a su…
Crime
any intentional act or omission of an act that violates crimi…
Infraction
a minor violation of criminal law, usually punishable by a fi…
21 terms
Sociology 101- Chapter 8
income
wealth
social stratification
caste system
earnings from work or investment
the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding…
a system by which a society ranks and categorizes people in a…
closed system- based on ascription or birth, little change in…
income
earnings from work or investment
wealth
the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding…
56 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8
Societies ranking of people based on r…
Closed Stratification Systems
Slavery System
Caste System
- wealth, power, prestige
Movement from one social position to another is limited by as…
owning people as properties and having total control over the…
Peoples positions are ascribed at birth and fixed... -people's p…
Societies ranking of people based on r…
- wealth, power, prestige
Closed Stratification Systems
Movement from one social position to another is limited by as…
36 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8 Terms
social stratification
social inequality
slavery
caste system
the division of society into groups arranged in a social hier…
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among…
the most extreme form of social stratification, based on the…
a form of social stratification in which status is determined…
social stratification
the division of society into groups arranged in a social hier…
social inequality
the unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among…
32 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8
Violations of norms and rules that are…
The concept of the relativity of devia…
The relativity of deviance is most ali…
Erving Goffman used the term _________…
Crimes
It is not the act itself, but the reaction of others to the a…
Symbolic interactionism
Stigma
Violations of norms and rules that are…
Crimes
The concept of the relativity of devia…
It is not the act itself, but the reaction of others to the a…
17 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 8
Social Stratification
Wealth
Income
Caste System
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
the total value of money and other assets minus outstanding d…
earnings from work or investments
Closed; a social stratification based on ascription or birth
Social Stratification
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
Wealth
the total value of money and other assets minus outstanding d…
23 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 8
Social Stratification
Social Mobility
Caste System
Class System
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
A change in position within the social hierarchy.
Social stratification based on ascription, or birth.
Social stratification based on both birth and individual achi…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a h…
Social Mobility
A change in position within the social hierarchy.
17 terms
Chapter 8 Sociology 101
Deviance
Crime
Social control
Subculture
Breaking a social rule, or refusing to follow one
When lawmakers consider a deviant act bad enough to warrent f…
Attempts to regulate people's thoughts and behavior by develo…
A group that evolves within a dominant culture, always more o…
Deviance
Breaking a social rule, or refusing to follow one
Crime
When lawmakers consider a deviant act bad enough to warrent f…
50 terms
Chapter 8 sociology 101
Automatic stabilizers
Balanced budget
Capital market
Chained dollars
A government program that acts to counter economic cycles
A budget in which the government expenditures are able to or…
Decisions of lenders and borrowers to make it except loans as…
Dollars value from a particular year in order to account for…
Automatic stabilizers
A government program that acts to counter economic cycles
Balanced budget
A budget in which the government expenditures are able to or…
14 terms
Sociology 101 chapter 8
Social Class
Property
Wealth
Income
according to Weber, a Large group of people who rank closely…
Buildings, lands, animals, machinery, cars, stocks, bonds, bu…
The added up value of someone's property and subtract the per…
A flow of money
Social Class
according to Weber, a Large group of people who rank closely…
Property
Buildings, lands, animals, machinery, cars, stocks, bonds, bu…
19 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 8 Terms
cyberfeminism
design patents
digital divide
e-readiness
application to and promotion of feminism online
patents that are granted when someone has invented a new and…
the uneven access to technology around race, class, and geogr…
the ability to sort through, interpret, and process digital k…
cyberfeminism
application to and promotion of feminism online
design patents
patents that are granted when someone has invented a new and…
18 terms
Chapter 8 sociology 101
social differentiation
Social stratification
Estate
caste
how different statuses develop in any group, organization, or…
relatively fixed, hierarchical arrangement in society by whic…
small elite group, has total control over resources
system where status is assigned, based on ascribed status
social differentiation
how different statuses develop in any group, organization, or…
Social stratification
relatively fixed, hierarchical arrangement in society by whic…
29 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8
Race and Ethnicity
Race
Ethnicity
Symbolic Ethnicity
There is a huge difference between the words race and ethnici…
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
a socially defined category based on common language, religio…
an ethnic identity that is only relevant of specific occasion…
Race and Ethnicity
There is a huge difference between the words race and ethnici…
Race
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
11 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8
Serial monogamy
Monogamy
Polygamy
Polyandry
a person may have several spouses in their life, but only one…
One person married to another person... Ex. Chandler and Monica
This is when an individual is allowed to have several partner…
The type of polygamy in which a woman may have several husban…
Serial monogamy
a person may have several spouses in their life, but only one…
Monogamy
One person married to another person... Ex. Chandler and Monica
38 terms
sociology 101 chapter 8
social inequality
class consciousness
class, status, and power
the functionalist perspective
describes a condition in which members of a society have diff…
in karl marx's view, the destruction of the capitalist system…
were veiwed by max weber as analytically distinct components…
sociological perspective argues that stratification is univer…
social inequality
describes a condition in which members of a society have diff…
class consciousness
in karl marx's view, the destruction of the capitalist system…
21 terms
Sociology 101 - chapter 8
Social Stratification
Caste system
Class system
Meritocracy
is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in…
is social stratification based on ascription or birth.
is social stratification based on both birth and individual a…
is a social stratification based on person merit
Social Stratification
is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in…
Caste system
is social stratification based on ascription or birth.
43 terms
Sociology 101: Chapter 8 Notes
Social Stratification
True or False: All societies have some…
What are some systems of stratification?
In India, the caste system in dictated…
The ranking of people and the rewards that they receive based…
True.
Slavery (legalized system in which one group of people can be…
Hinduism.
Social Stratification
The ranking of people and the rewards that they receive based…
True or False: All societies have some…
True.
28 terms
Sociology 101 (Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control)
Deviance
Crime
Stigma
Social Order
the violation of norms
the violation of norms written into law
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
a group's usual and customary social arrangements, on which i…
Deviance
the violation of norms
Crime
the violation of norms written into law
23 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8 Gender
feminism
Sex
Gender
sexuality
a consciousness- raising movement to get people to understand…
What someone is actually
what someone feels they are
desire; sexual preference
feminism
a consciousness- raising movement to get people to understand…
Sex
What someone is actually
31 terms
Sociology 101 - Chapter 8 (Race, Ethnicity, and Minorities)
Race:
Ethnicity:
Minorities:
Pluralism:
a group sharing apparent physical traits deemed by society to…
a group's national origin, language, and cultural or religiou…
less powerful groups dominated politically and economically b…
distinct ethnic and racial groups coexist on equal terms and…
Race:
a group sharing apparent physical traits deemed by society to…
Ethnicity:
a group's national origin, language, and cultural or religiou…
19 terms
SOC 101 Chapter 8
Cyberfeminism
Design Patents
Digital Divide
E-readiness
application to and promotion of feminism online
patents that are granted when someone has invented a new and…
the uneven access to technology around race, class, and geogr…
the ability to sort through, interpret, and process digital k…
Cyberfeminism
application to and promotion of feminism online
Design Patents
patents that are granted when someone has invented a new and…
28 terms
Sociology 101 chapter 8 quiz
What is a Crime?
What is a misdemeanor?
What is the most serious violation cal…
what is a civil law?
any intentional act or omission of an act that violates crimi…
a less serious violation of criminal law punishable by a fine…
Felony
It deals with non-criminal violations. A person who has been…
What is a Crime?
any intentional act or omission of an act that violates crimi…
What is a misdemeanor?
a less serious violation of criminal law punishable by a fine…
18 terms
Sociology 101- Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control
Deviance
norms
Stigmatizes
Crime
any behavior or physical appearance that is socially challeng…
social rules of behavior; accepted ways of doing something (e…
deeply discrediting (harm reputation)
act that is prohibited by law
Deviance
any behavior or physical appearance that is socially challeng…
norms
social rules of behavior; accepted ways of doing something (e…
25 terms
Sociology chapter 8
deviance
stigma
criminologist
strain theory
behavior that violates a significant social norm
a mark of social disgrace
social scientist that studies criminal behavior
views deviance as the natural outgrowth of society
deviance
behavior that violates a significant social norm
stigma
a mark of social disgrace
72 terms
Sociology Chapter 8-Sociology Stratification
Social Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification 1st
Four Principles of Stratification 2nd
Four Principles of Stratification 3rd
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
2nd - It carries over from generation to generation. Most peo…
3rd - it's Universal but variable... Distance between individual…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Four Principles of Stratification 1st
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
22 terms
sociology 101: chapter 8: race and ethnicity as lived experiences
race
ethnicity
minority
racism
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
a socially defined category bases on a common language, relig…
social group that is systematically denied the same access to…
a set of beliefs about the claimed superiority of one racial…
race
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
ethnicity
a socially defined category bases on a common language, relig…
37 terms
Beach Sociology Chapter 8
Social stratification
Social inequality
Slavery
Caste system
The division of society into groups arranged in a social hier…
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among…
The most extreme form of social stratification, based on the…
A form of social stratification in which status is determined…
Social stratification
The division of society into groups arranged in a social hier…
Social inequality
The unequal distribution of wealth, power, or prestige among…
21 terms
Sociology 101 Vocabulary: Chapter 8 and Chapter 10
Absolute poverty
Caste system
Class system
Estate systen
The minimum level of subsistence that no family should be exp…
A form of social stratification in which people's statuses ar…
A form of stratification based primarily on the possession of…
A system of stratification in which peasant were required to…
Absolute poverty
The minimum level of subsistence that no family should be exp…
Caste system
A form of social stratification in which people's statuses ar…
8 terms
Sociology 101 Chapter 8 book notes
Deviance
Crime
Stigma
Social order
Any violation of norms
The violation of rules written into law
Characteristics that discredit people
A groups customary social arrangements
Deviance
Any violation of norms
Crime
The violation of rules written into law
70 terms
Lyons Sociology 101 Exam 3 (chapter 8 and 10)
Markets
capitalism
socialism
central planning
places where buyers, sellers, and producers engage in exchang…
economic system based on private property and market exchange
economics system where the government owns property and contr…
government decides what kinds of goods and services are to be…
Markets
places where buyers, sellers, and producers engage in exchang…
capitalism
economic system based on private property and market exchange
15 terms
Sociology-Chapter 8 Vocab
Deviance
Stigma
Strain Theory
Anomie
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the…
Theory of deviant behavior that views deviance as the natural…
Situation that arises when the norms of society are unclear o…
Deviance
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Stigma
Mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the…
28 terms
Sociology 101 Ch.8
deviance
crime
stigma
social order
the violation of norms (or rules or expectations)
the violation of norms written into law
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
a group's usual and customary social arrangements, on which i…
deviance
the violation of norms (or rules or expectations)
crime
the violation of norms written into law
14 terms
Sociology101 Chap 8
Social Control
Informal social control
Formal social control
Social Order
collective efforts to ensure conformity (behavior same as mos…
Social pressure from those around us
Specialized organizations or activities by specialists devote…
extent to which citizens comply (obey, respect) with imp norms
Social Control
collective efforts to ensure conformity (behavior same as mos…
Informal social control
Social pressure from those around us
24 terms
sociology chapter 8
social differentiation
social stratification
socialclass
social class
status:class student vs teacher
a system of structural social inequality;which group have dif…
economic-income wealth ed/occupation... social-ed/occupation, ne…
economic-income & wealth... social-ed/occup networks... political-…
social differentiation
status:class student vs teacher
social stratification
a system of structural social inequality;which group have dif…
25 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Race
Ethnicity
Symbolic Ethnicity
Situational Ethnicity
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
a socially defined category based on a common language, relig…
an ethnic identity that is only relevant on special occasions…
an ethnic identity that can be either displayed or concealed…
Race
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
Ethnicity
a socially defined category based on a common language, relig…
Sociology chapter 8
Social stratification
For basic principles of social stratif…
Social mobility
What are three types of social mobility?
A system by which a society of ranks categories of people in…
1. A traitof society, not simply a reflection of individual d…
A change in position within the social hierarchy.
Upward: success... Downward: failure... Horizontal: stay on the sam…
Social stratification
A system by which a society of ranks categories of people in…
For basic principles of social stratif…
1. A traitof society, not simply a reflection of individual d…
47 terms
chapter 8 sociology
global inequality
GNI-PPP
5.0 per 1000 live births
44 per 1000 live births
systemic disparities in income, wealth, education,access to t…
The comparitive economic measure that uses international doll…
In 2013 the most developed countries had an infant mortality…
In 2013 the less developed countries had an infant mortality…
global inequality
systemic disparities in income, wealth, education,access to t…
GNI-PPP
The comparitive economic measure that uses international doll…
20 terms
SOC 101 Chapter 8
race
ethnicity
symbolic ethnicity
situational ethnicity
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
a socially defined category based on a common language, relig…
an ethnic identity that is only relevant on specific occasion…
an ethnic identity that can be either displayed or concealed…
race
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
ethnicity
a socially defined category based on a common language, relig…
19 terms
SOC 101 - Chapter 8
Social Stratification
Life Chances
Absolute Poverty
Relative Poverty
The systematic process of ranking people on a scale of social…
The probability that an individual's life will follow a certa…
The most severe form of poverty, in which people cannot affor…
Comparative poverty, a comparing the situation of this at the…
Social Stratification
The systematic process of ranking people on a scale of social…
Life Chances
The probability that an individual's life will follow a certa…
9 terms
Chapter 8 Sociology Vocab
Deviant
Social Control
Sanctions
Groupthink
Departing from usual or accepted standards, especially in soc…
The regulation of individual and group behavior in an attempt…
A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule. Positive o…
The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a…
Deviant
Departing from usual or accepted standards, especially in soc…
Social Control
The regulation of individual and group behavior in an attempt…
30 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Deviance
Stigma
Criminologists
Strain Theory
Behavior that violates significant social norms
A mark of shame or disgrace
social scientists who study criminal behavior
Views deviance as the natural outgrowth of the values, norms,…
Deviance
Behavior that violates significant social norms
Stigma
A mark of shame or disgrace
39 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Absolute Poverty
Ascription
Capitalists
Caste Societies
The minimal requirements necessary to sustain a healthy exist…
Placement in a particular social status based on characterist…
People who own companies, land, or stocks (shares) and use th…
Societies in which different social levels are closed, so tha…
Absolute Poverty
The minimal requirements necessary to sustain a healthy exist…
Ascription
Placement in a particular social status based on characterist…
106 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 8 and 9
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
redox reactions
chemical reactions of an organism- "making and breaking coval…
The branch of metabolism that breaks the bonds of larger mole…
The branch of metabolism that forms new bonds, creating large…
electron transfer reactions
metabolism
chemical reactions of an organism- "making and breaking coval…
catabolism
The branch of metabolism that breaks the bonds of larger mole…
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Social stratification
Social class
Bourgeoise
Proletariat
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
class that owns the means of production
class that labors without owning the means of production
Social stratification
ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access…
Social class
segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of reso…
29 terms
SOC 101 Chapter 8
social differentiation
social stratification
estate, caste, class
estate system
the process of different statuses developing in any group, or…
a system of structured social inequality
what are the three types of stratification systems?
the ownership of property and the exercise of power are monop…
social differentiation
the process of different statuses developing in any group, or…
social stratification
a system of structured social inequality
29 terms
Sociology Chapter 8
Race and Ethnicity
Race
Ethnicity
Symbolic Ethnicity
There is a huge difference between the words race and ethnici…
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
a socially defined category based on common language, religio…
an ethnic identity that is only relevant of specific occasion…
Race and Ethnicity
There is a huge difference between the words race and ethnici…
Race
a socially defined category based on real or perceived biolog…
65 terms
Bio 101 Chapter 8 catabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
redox reactions
chemical reactions of an organism- "making and breaking coval…
The branch of metabolism that breaks the bonds of larger mole…
The branch of metabolism that forms new bonds, creating large…
electron transfer reactions
metabolism
chemical reactions of an organism- "making and breaking coval…
catabolism
The branch of metabolism that breaks the bonds of larger mole…
60 terms
Sociology Chapter 8 - Social Stratification
Social Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
Four Principles of Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
2nd - It carries over from generation to generation. Most peo…
3rd - it's Universal but variable... Distance between individual…
Social Stratification
A system by which a society ranks categoeries of people in a…
Four Principles of Stratification
1st - It's a trade of society, not a reflection of individual…
65 terms
Sociology CHAPTER 8
social action
social interaction
Yerkes-Dodson law of social facilitation
social facilitation
action of individual surrounded by others
behavior and actions of two or more individuals who take one…
simple tasks: being in presence of others (more arousal)=incr…
how an individual performs when around other people
social action
action of individual surrounded by others
social interaction
behavior and actions of two or more individuals who take one…
48 terms
Sociology; Chapter 8
Anomie
Anomie Theory of Deviance
Conformity
Control Theory
Durkheim's term for the loss of direction felt in a society w…
Robert Merton's theory of deviance as an adaptation of social…
going along with peers - individuals of our own status who ha…
a view of conformity and deviance that suggests that our conn…
Anomie
Durkheim's term for the loss of direction felt in a society w…
Anomie Theory of Deviance
Robert Merton's theory of deviance as an adaptation of social…
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