Study sets matching "sociology 2"

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Study sets matching "sociology 2"

Sociology (2)
Socialization
Self
Role Taking
Significant Others
Process by which people learn the basic skills, values. belie…
Awareness of your own identity that separates you.
Taking on others roles.
People who have a direct influence on one's socialization.
Socialization
Process by which people learn the basic skills, values. belie…
Self
Awareness of your own identity that separates you.
5 terms
Sociology Ch 2 Sec 2
cultural universals
ethnocentrism
cultural relativism
subculture
common features that are found in all human cultures
tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to a…
belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards
group with its own unique values, norms, and behaviors that e…
cultural universals
common features that are found in all human cultures
ethnocentrism
tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to a…
82 terms
Sociology 2
Understanding Social Structure:
Q1. For Structural functionalism or fu…
Q1. For Conflict theory, provide the f…
Q1. For Symbolic interactionism, provi…
Macrosociology vs. Microsociology... Macrosociology = large gro…
Structural functionalism or functionalism sees society as bei…
Conflict theory sees social life as characterized by inequali…
Symbolic interactionism sees society as the product of everyd…
Understanding Social Structure:
Macrosociology vs. Microsociology... Macrosociology = large gro…
Q1. For Structural functionalism or fu…
Structural functionalism or functionalism sees society as bei…
sociology 2
Familistic (communal) values
Individualistic values
marriages & fams 4 themes
science transcending personal experience
family togetherness, stability, and loyalty focus on the fami…
encourage self fulfillment, personal growth, autonomy, and in…
personal decisions must be made throughout the life course, p…
binders of personal experience, personal experience must be c…
Familistic (communal) values
family togetherness, stability, and loyalty focus on the fami…
Individualistic values
encourage self fulfillment, personal growth, autonomy, and in…
25 terms
sociology 2
d
a
c
c
The study of everyday life shows:... a. how behavior is shaped…
Which of the following statements is true?... a. Infants have f…
3. The meaning of expressions in a conversation depends on:…
4. Studying day-to-day interactions is important because:... a.…
d
The study of everyday life shows:... a. how behavior is shaped…
a
Which of the following statements is true?... a. Infants have f…
21 terms
ch. 2 Sociology
Material Culture
nonmaterial culture
society
technology
physical objects that people create and use
abstract human creations such as beliefs and work practices
a group of interdependent people who have organized and share…
rules for how to use material and nonmaterial culture... Practic…
Material Culture
physical objects that people create and use
nonmaterial culture
abstract human creations such as beliefs and work practices
Sociology 2
Social mobility
Vertical mobility
horizontal mobility
family
refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one posi…
movement from one social position to another of different ran…
individual moves from one position to another and pay is not…
can be defined as a set of people related by blood, marriage,…
Social mobility
refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one posi…
Vertical mobility
movement from one social position to another of different ran…
22 terms
Sociology Chapter 2
culture
society
values
norms
the shared products of human groups
a group of people organized about a common culture
shared beliefs about what is right and wrong
shared rules of conduct
culture
the shared products of human groups
society
a group of people organized about a common culture
26 terms
Sociology (2)
Health
Society shapes health in major ways:
Health in low income countries
Health in high income counties
State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
Cultural patterns define health.... Standards of health change…
Short life expectancy... Many die before teens... Poor sanitation…
By early 20th century death rates from infectious diseases ha…
Health
State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
Society shapes health in major ways:
Cultural patterns define health.... Standards of health change…
158 terms
Sociology 2
Socialization
limits of socialization
Self
I
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beli…
concept of socialization if useful for understanding how peop…
the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same…
one's sense of agency, action, or power.
Socialization
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beli…
limits of socialization
concept of socialization if useful for understanding how peop…
36 terms
Sociology Chapter 2 Sociological Research
Causal Logic
Code of ethics
content analysis
control group
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
the systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided…
the subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the i…
Causal Logic
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
Code of ethics
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
49 terms
Sociology - 2
status
labels
status symbols
ascribed status
the position a person occupies in relation to others
helps define expected behavior (teacher, doctor)
uniforms, clothing
"given" at birth
status
the position a person occupies in relation to others
labels
helps define expected behavior (teacher, doctor)
Sociology 2
socialization
what are 2 social structures
status
role
the process in which we learn our culture
status and role
occupy; a socially designated position, established relations…
perform; expected behaviors, obligations, and privileges atta…
socialization
the process in which we learn our culture
what are 2 social structures
status and role
50 terms
Sociology # 2
What do computer hackers and members o…
What sociological question is most imp…
Any reaction from others to the behavi…
Durkheim argues that deviance allows u…
They constitute deviant subcultures
Who's rules are being broken?
Sanction
Do not eliminate deviance, just keep it in acceptable bounds
What do computer hackers and members o…
They constitute deviant subcultures
What sociological question is most imp…
Who's rules are being broken?
25 terms
Sociology #2
Four agents of socialozatin
Heredity
Personality
Sociobiology
FAMILY, peers, school, media
Transmission of genetic characteristics
Sum of total behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that a…
Study of the biological basis for all social behavior
Four agents of socialozatin
FAMILY, peers, school, media
Heredity
Transmission of genetic characteristics
31 terms
Sociology 2
Theory
Theorizing
Structural Functionalist
Social Fact
An attempt to explain facts or observed phenomena.
The activity of attempting to find explanations to account fo…
Uses an organic, or biological analogy for society. Approache…
Patterned ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that exist ou…
Theory
An attempt to explain facts or observed phenomena.
Theorizing
The activity of attempting to find explanations to account fo…
9 terms
Sociology 2
Relativity of deviance
stigma
sociobiologist
psychologist
what is deviant to some groups, is not deviant to others
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
looks for answers within people, inherited characteristics ar…
answers within ppl, personality disorders are reason for devi…
Relativity of deviance
what is deviant to some groups, is not deviant to others
stigma
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
Sociology 2
Postmodern persepctives
Hypothesis
Variable
Independent Variable
The sociological approach that attempts to explain social lif…
a statement of the expected relationship between two or more…
in sociological research, any concept with measurable traits…
in an experiment, the variable assumed to be the cause of the…
Postmodern persepctives
The sociological approach that attempts to explain social lif…
Hypothesis
a statement of the expected relationship between two or more…
24 terms
Sociology 2
Stratification
Social Stratification
Social Stratification (2)
Slavery System
The process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a m…
Social Stratification refers to the unequal manner in which s…
Social Stratification is a Social Process... • Social stratifica…
It is an extreme form of inequality in which some individuals…
Stratification
The process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a m…
Social Stratification
Social Stratification refers to the unequal manner in which s…
28 terms
Sociology Chapters 1 & 2
Group Conformity
Manifest function
Conflict Perspective
Symbol
Several members of a little league team begin wearing their b…
A function of internet type shopping which is convenient and…
The distribution of power is most important in this theoretic…
When a baby waves "bye-bye"
Group Conformity
Several members of a little league team begin wearing their b…
Manifest function
A function of internet type shopping which is convenient and…
23 terms
Sociology 2
Wealthfare
Prejudice
Racism
Living Wage
discounted use of public resources, tax breaks, grants, etc.…
Negative attitudes/beliefs that affect interactions
Widespread idealology that groups can be distinguished by phy…
Difference between minimum wage an the actual wage it takes t…
Wealthfare
discounted use of public resources, tax breaks, grants, etc.…
Prejudice
Negative attitudes/beliefs that affect interactions
Sociology 2
Merton's anomie theory
White collar crime
Professional crime
Organized crime
Explains why people accept or reject the goals of a society,…
Illegal acts committed in the course of business activities,…
A career of crime involving a person who pursues crime as a d…
The work of a group that regulates relations between various…
Merton's anomie theory
Explains why people accept or reject the goals of a society,…
White collar crime
Illegal acts committed in the course of business activities,…
21 terms
Sociology 2
values
norms
folkways
mores/taboo
integrity, honesty, hard work, freedom
specific guidelines for actions; says how people should behav…
manners-saying thank you, paying bills, formal dress in churc…
morally significant-cannibalism, incest, murder, child abuse
values
integrity, honesty, hard work, freedom
norms
specific guidelines for actions; says how people should behav…
17 terms
Sociology 2
Technology, language, symbols values,…
Folkways
Mores
Technology
5 components of culture
Socially acceptable behavior
Great moral significance not accept ale
Combinations of objects and values and skills to produce some…
Technology, language, symbols values,…
5 components of culture
Folkways
Socially acceptable behavior
sociology 2
Sex
Gender
Gender Role
Gender Identity
biological X and Y chromosomes
male or female, masculinity or femininity based on social lab…
How we are supposed to behave based on the label given to us
how we see ourselves
Sex
biological X and Y chromosomes
Gender
male or female, masculinity or femininity based on social lab…
32 terms
Sociology 2
Love bombing
Nutrition control
Brainwashing
Lieutenants
drowns prospects in a sea of love... works on vulnerable people
food as a tool... purposely alters chemicals in body
mind control
key leaders under main person... enforce rules/culture of the cult
Love bombing
drowns prospects in a sea of love... works on vulnerable people
Nutrition control
food as a tool... purposely alters chemicals in body
16 terms
Sociology #2
Interpretive sociology
Replication
Critical sociology
Gender
The study of society focusing on the meanings people attach t…
Repetition of research by other investigators
The study of society that focuses on the need for social change
The personal traits and social positions that members of a so…
Interpretive sociology
The study of society focusing on the meanings people attach t…
Replication
Repetition of research by other investigators
19 terms
Sociology #2
Qualitative methods
Quantitative methods
Survey
Population
narrative and descriptive (yes or no answers)
numerical data
research method in which people respond to questions
the group of specific people taking the survey
Qualitative methods
narrative and descriptive (yes or no answers)
Quantitative methods
numerical data
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Quantitative date
Qualitative data
Population
Sample
numerical data
narrative and descriptive data
a group of people with certain specified characteristics.
a group of people that represent a larger population.
Quantitative date
numerical data
Qualitative data
narrative and descriptive data
Sociology #2
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
"Hidden Curriculum"
Students for sale
In early US history reading, writing, and arithmetic were not…
A quality education is desirable resource sought by many grou…
In addition to reading, writing, arithmetic, and history, sch…
-Corporations give money to schools so that profits can be ma…
Functionalist perspective
In early US history reading, writing, and arithmetic were not…
Conflict perspective
A quality education is desirable resource sought by many grou…
114 terms
Sociology 2
Functionalism
Conflict Theory
Social Constructivism
Exchange theory
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as compose…
Theoretical perspective that focuses on people's collective e…
The tendency to evaluate interactions and relationships in te…
Functionalism
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
Conflict Theory
a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as compose…
90 terms
Sociology #2
social environment
feral children
isolated children
Anna
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
wild children; could not speak, they bit, scratched, growled
deprived of socialization; lack communication skills
confined by her grandfather in an attic for six years with li…
social environment
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
feral children
wild children; could not speak, they bit, scratched, growled
Sociology 2
Nutrients
Satiety
Lipids
Complete proteins
Substances obtained from food that are used for energy and th…
The feeling of fullness
Fats
High quality protiens
Nutrients
Substances obtained from food that are used for energy and th…
Satiety
The feeling of fullness
55 terms
SOCIOLOGY #2
socialization
Nature
nurture
John B watson
lifelong social experience by which someone develops their po…
Charles darwin study of evolution led people to believe that…
sociologists think nature is more important.
behaviorism; behavior is learned
socialization
lifelong social experience by which someone develops their po…
Nature
Charles darwin study of evolution led people to believe that…
86 terms
Sociology #2
schema
private domain
Public domain
kinship
mental framework
women have been socialized as being primary nurterers
instrumental (paid work)
blood, marriage, adoption
schema
mental framework
private domain
women have been socialized as being primary nurterers
77 terms
Sociology 2
Group
Group thinking
Xenaphobia
Social Aggregate
several people in contact sharing thoughts and goals
Results for a fear of decent, asch card experiment
Fear of strangers
People in the same place at the same time
Group
several people in contact sharing thoughts and goals
Group thinking
Results for a fear of decent, asch card experiment
165 terms
sociology 2
Culture
Values
Norms
Material culture
the values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
ideals held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
the physical objects that a society creates that influence th…
Culture
the values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
Values
ideals held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
38 terms
Sociology2
METHODOLOGY
SCIENCE
THEORY
INDUCTIVE REASONING
The rules and guidelines followed... in sociological research.
Knowledge based on empirical... evidence gained through direct,…
A set of interrelated propositions,... or statements, that attem…
The use of specific observations... to develop a general... underst…
METHODOLOGY
The rules and guidelines followed... in sociological research.
SCIENCE
Knowledge based on empirical... evidence gained through direct,…
167 terms
sociology #2
two or more people who identify and in…
temporary, loosely formed collection o…
primary groups
every society's most important primary…
social group
crowd
all of the above
family
two or more people who identify and in…
social group
temporary, loosely formed collection o…
crowd
SOCIOLOGY 2
Religion
Cultural Universal
Non-traditional funeral rites
Professional Fees
Humanistic funerals are devoid of
Because funeral rites are present in every known society, the…
Those funeral rites that deviate from the prescribed circumst…
Consideration made for service is
Religion
Humanistic funerals are devoid of
Cultural Universal
Because funeral rites are present in every known society, the…
15 terms
sociology 2
Erik Erickson
Erving Goffman
Ethical problems
Ethnocentrism
8 stages of psychosocial development Nurture, shame, initiati…
the self as a reflection of others.
harm subjects?privacy? right to be informed that they are bei…
the belief in the inherent superiority of ones own ethnic gro…
Erik Erickson
8 stages of psychosocial development Nurture, shame, initiati…
Erving Goffman
the self as a reflection of others.
Sociology 2
Socialization
Self
I
Me
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beli…
the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same…
One's sense of agency, action, or power
the self as perceived as an object by the "I"; the self as on…
Socialization
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beli…
Self
the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same…
67 terms
Sociology 2
Deviance
Social control
Social Bond Theory
Crime
behavior that violates standards of expectations from groups…
techniques and strategies employed for preventing deviant hum…
attachment, commitment, involvement, beliefs
violation of social norms and behaviors which involve penalti…
Deviance
behavior that violates standards of expectations from groups…
Social control
techniques and strategies employed for preventing deviant hum…
Sociology 2
Structural Strain
Structural Conduciveness
Generalized Belief
Precipitating Factors
People must be able to feel that something is wrong that powe…
Laws and ideas change for people to feel more comfortable to…
People need to have a common definition to the problem
Almost always has to be a spark to ignite the controversy
Structural Strain
People must be able to feel that something is wrong that powe…
Structural Conduciveness
Laws and ideas change for people to feel more comfortable to…
Sociology 2
looking glass self
Frauds largest contribution
Impression management
Differential association theory
The self develops through our perception of others evalutions…
Subconscious and the unconscious mind, which he believed cont…
Effort to control impressions we make on others so they form…
Proposes that through interaction with others, individuals le…
looking glass self
The self develops through our perception of others evalutions…
Frauds largest contribution
Subconscious and the unconscious mind, which he believed cont…
27 terms
sociology 2
hypothesis
Define the research problem
Review the literature
Make the problem precise
ideas or educated guesses about a given state of affairs, put…
first step of the research process
second step of the research process
third step of the research process
hypothesis
ideas or educated guesses about a given state of affairs, put…
Define the research problem
first step of the research process
Sociology Unit 2: Foundations of Sociology
sociology
social change
collective behavior
social movements
study of the evolution, development, and functioning of human…
The alteration of culture and societies over time
voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a…
organized collective activities that aim to bring about or re…
sociology
study of the evolution, development, and functioning of human…
social change
The alteration of culture and societies over time
Sociology 2
Anthropolgy
Sociology
Psychology
Geography
The conpararive study of various aspects of past and present…
Studies how an individual's behavior and personality are affe…
Focuses on the individual behavior and deals with subjects su…
Studies the relationship that the human race has with its env…
Anthropolgy
The conpararive study of various aspects of past and present…
Sociology
Studies how an individual's behavior and personality are affe…
Sociology 2
Stratification
Slavery
Causes of slavery
Ideology
system in which groups of people are divided into layers acco…
when some individuals own other people
debt, crime, and war
Beliefs about the way things out to be that justify social ar…
Stratification
system in which groups of people are divided into layers acco…
Slavery
when some individuals own other people
30 terms
Sociology 2
micro sociology
Socialization
Generalized other
GH Mead
The study of human behavior in contexts of face-to-face inter…
individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a s…
The norms, values, attitudes, and expectations of people "in…
Generalized other vs the significant other
micro sociology
The study of human behavior in contexts of face-to-face inter…
Socialization
individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a s…
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