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Study sets matching "sociology 2"

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Study sets matching "sociology 2"

158 terms
Sociology 2
Socialization
limits of socialization
Self
I
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beli…
concept of socialization if useful for understanding how peop…
the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same…
one's sense of agency, action, or power.
Socialization
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beli…
limits of socialization
concept of socialization if useful for understanding how peop…
67 terms
Sociology #2
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
"Hidden Curriculum"
Students for sale
In early US history reading, writing, and arithmetic were not…
A quality education is desirable resource sought by many grou…
In addition to reading, writing, arithmetic, and history, sch…
-Corporations give money to schools so that profits can be ma…
Functionalist perspective
In early US history reading, writing, and arithmetic were not…
Conflict perspective
A quality education is desirable resource sought by many grou…
82 terms
Sociology 2
Understanding Social Structure:
Q1. For Structural functionalism or fu…
Q1. For Conflict theory, provide the f…
Q1. For Symbolic interactionism, provi…
Macrosociology vs. Microsociology... Macrosociology = large gro…
Structural functionalism or functionalism sees society as bei…
Conflict theory sees social life as characterized by inequali…
Symbolic interactionism sees society as the product of everyd…
Understanding Social Structure:
Macrosociology vs. Microsociology... Macrosociology = large gro…
Q1. For Structural functionalism or fu…
Structural functionalism or functionalism sees society as bei…
21 terms
ch. 2 Sociology
Material Culture
nonmaterial culture
society
technology
physical objects that people create and use
abstract human creations such as beliefs and work practices
a group of interdependent people who have organized and share…
rules for how to use material and nonmaterial culture... Practic…
Material Culture
physical objects that people create and use
nonmaterial culture
abstract human creations such as beliefs and work practices
36 terms
Sociology Chapter 2 Sociological Research
Causal Logic
Code of ethics
content analysis
control group
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
the systematic coding and objective recording of data, guided…
the subjects in an experiment who are not introduced to the i…
Causal Logic
the relationship between a condition or variable and a partic…
Code of ethics
the standards of acceptable behavior developed by and for mem…
14 terms
Sociology 2
Theory
Marx
Durkheim
Weber
framework for understanding the world we live in
believed economy was the most important component of a society
believed in the term social fact and influence of religion in…
well known for work on religious influences and believed in p…
Theory
framework for understanding the world we live in
Marx
believed economy was the most important component of a society
22 terms
Sociology Chapter 2
culture
society
values
norms
the shared products of human groups
a group of people organized about a common culture
shared beliefs about what is right and wrong
shared rules of conduct
culture
the shared products of human groups
society
a group of people organized about a common culture
43 terms
Sociology2
Sociology
Social Sciences
Social Interaction
Social Phenomena
the social science that studies human society/social behavior
disciplines that study human social behavior
how people relate and influence each other's behavior
observable facts/events that involve human society
Sociology
the social science that studies human society/social behavior
Social Sciences
disciplines that study human social behavior
20 terms
sociology 2
Familistic (communal) values
Individualistic values
marriages & fams 4 themes
science transcending personal experience
family togetherness, stability, and loyalty focus on the fami…
encourage self fulfillment, personal growth, autonomy, and in…
personal decisions must be made throughout the life course, p…
binders of personal experience, personal experience must be c…
Familistic (communal) values
family togetherness, stability, and loyalty focus on the fami…
Individualistic values
encourage self fulfillment, personal growth, autonomy, and in…
90 terms
Sociology #2
social environment
feral children
isolated children
Anna
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
wild children; could not speak, they bit, scratched, growled
deprived of socialization; lack communication skills
confined by her grandfather in an attic for six years with li…
social environment
the entire human environment, including interaction with others
feral children
wild children; could not speak, they bit, scratched, growled
25 terms
sociology 2
d
a
c
c
The study of everyday life shows:... a. how behavior is shaped…
Which of the following statements is true?... a. Infants have f…
3. The meaning of expressions in a conversation depends on:…
4. Studying day-to-day interactions is important because:... a.…
d
The study of everyday life shows:... a. how behavior is shaped…
a
Which of the following statements is true?... a. Infants have f…
114 terms
Sociology 2
Functionalism
Conflict Theory
Social Constructivism
Exchange theory
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as compose…
Theoretical perspective that focuses on people's collective e…
The tendency to evaluate interactions and relationships in te…
Functionalism
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and beh…
Conflict Theory
a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as compose…
165 terms
sociology 2
Culture
Values
Norms
Material culture
the values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
ideals held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given…
the physical objects that a society creates that influence th…
Culture
the values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a giv…
Values
ideals held by individuals or groups about what is desirable,…
26 terms
Sociology Topic #2: Deviance
Sociological imagination
culture
Norms
Taboos
the ability to look beyond the individual as the cause for su…
the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of peo…
rules developed for appropriate behavior based on specific va…
______ are the strongest form of norms, these are prohibition…
Sociological imagination
the ability to look beyond the individual as the cause for su…
culture
the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of peo…
27 terms
sociology 2
hypothesis
Define the research problem
Review the literature
Make the problem precise
ideas or educated guesses about a given state of affairs, put…
first step of the research process
second step of the research process
third step of the research process
hypothesis
ideas or educated guesses about a given state of affairs, put…
Define the research problem
first step of the research process
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Quantitative date
Qualitative data
Population
Sample
numerical data
narrative and descriptive data
a group of people with certain specified characteristics.
a group of people that represent a larger population.
Quantitative date
numerical data
Qualitative data
narrative and descriptive data
182 terms
Sociology 2
Macrosociology
Microsociology
Six Major Sociological Theories
Functionalism
large groups and social institutions
small groups or individuals
1) Functionalism... 2) Social Constructionism... 3) Symbolic Intera…
sees society as being a COMPLEX SYSTEM MADE OF INTERDEPENDENT…
Macrosociology
large groups and social institutions
Microsociology
small groups or individuals
Sociology Unit 2: Foundations of Sociology
sociology
social change
collective behavior
social movements
study of the evolution, development, and functioning of human…
The alteration of culture and societies over time
voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a…
organized collective activities that aim to bring about or re…
sociology
study of the evolution, development, and functioning of human…
social change
The alteration of culture and societies over time
28 terms
Sociology Chapters 1 & 2
Group Conformity
Manifest function
Conflict Perspective
Symbol
Several members of a little league team begin wearing their b…
A function of internet type shopping which is convenient and…
The distribution of power is most important in this theoretic…
When a baby waves "bye-bye"
Group Conformity
Several members of a little league team begin wearing their b…
Manifest function
A function of internet type shopping which is convenient and…
21 terms
Sociology 2
Social mobility
Vertical mobility
horizontal mobility
family
refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one posi…
movement from one social position to another of different ran…
individual moves from one position to another and pay is not…
can be defined as a set of people related by blood, marriage,…
Social mobility
refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one posi…
Vertical mobility
movement from one social position to another of different ran…
16 terms
Sociology 2
Language
Material culture
Mores
Xenocentrisim
Written/spoken symbols organized in a systematic way
Clothes computers books
Norms with great moral significance
A society believes their Products, styles or ideas are inferior
Language
Written/spoken symbols organized in a systematic way
Material culture
Clothes computers books
47 terms
Chapter 2 Sociology
Culture
Material Culture
Nonmaterial Culture
Culture Shock
The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even mat…
Is the material objects that distinguish a group of people, s…
A group's ways of thinking (including its beliefs, values, an…
The disorientation that people experience when they come in c…
Culture
The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even mat…
Material Culture
Is the material objects that distinguish a group of people, s…
26 terms
Sociology (2)
Health
Society shapes health in major ways:
Health in low income countries
Health in high income counties
State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
Cultural patterns define health.... Standards of health change…
Short life expectancy... Many die before teens... Poor sanitation…
By early 20th century death rates from infectious diseases ha…
Health
State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
Society shapes health in major ways:
Cultural patterns define health.... Standards of health change…
Sociology: Culture Ch. 2
Ethnocentrism
Culture
Material Culture
Cultural Relativism
the use of using one's own culture as a yardstick for judging…
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even mat…
the material objects that distinguish a group of people, such…
not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own…
Ethnocentrism
the use of using one's own culture as a yardstick for judging…
Culture
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even mat…
143 terms
Sociology 2
Macrosociology =... Microsociology =
Six Major Sociological Theories:
George Herbert Mead: ... "I" =... "me" =
Structural functionalism or functional…
- large groups and social institutions... - small groups or indi…
Functionalism... Conflict Theory... Social Constructionism... Exch…
- The "I" and the "me"... - The active, spontaneous, autonomous…
- being a complex system made up of interdependent institutio…
Macrosociology =... Microsociology =
- large groups and social institutions... - small groups or indi…
Six Major Sociological Theories:
Functionalism... Conflict Theory... Social Constructionism... Exch…
9 terms
Sociology 2
Reference Groups
Small Groups
Dyad
Triad
a group or social category that an individual uses to help de…
a group sufficiently small and close that every member knows…
Two-person group
A social group with 3 people
Reference Groups
a group or social category that an individual uses to help de…
Small Groups
a group sufficiently small and close that every member knows…
50 terms
Sociology # 2
What do computer hackers and members o…
What sociological question is most imp…
Any reaction from others to the behavi…
Durkheim argues that deviance allows u…
They constitute deviant subcultures
Who's rules are being broken?
Sanction
Do not eliminate deviance, just keep it in acceptable bounds
What do computer hackers and members o…
They constitute deviant subcultures
What sociological question is most imp…
Who's rules are being broken?
24 terms
Sociology Chapter 2
case study
causation
closed ended questions
correlation
intensive study of a single group, incident, or community
figuring out how one event leads to another
can only be answered with a yes or no or one of a predetermin…
a measure of the relationship between two variables
case study
intensive study of a single group, incident, or community
causation
figuring out how one event leads to another
49 terms
Sociology - 2
status
labels
status symbols
ascribed status
the position a person occupies in relation to others
helps define expected behavior (teacher, doctor)
uniforms, clothing
"given" at birth
status
the position a person occupies in relation to others
labels
helps define expected behavior (teacher, doctor)
40 terms
Sociology 2
socialization
what are 2 social structures
status
role
the process in which we learn our culture
status and role
occupy; a socially designated position, established relations…
perform; expected behaviors, obligations, and privileges atta…
socialization
the process in which we learn our culture
what are 2 social structures
status and role
42 terms
Sociology 2
Deviance
Conformity
Stigma
Body modification
A behavior, trait, or belief that violates a norm and causes…
Follow social norms
Physical or social attribute that devalues a persons or group…
Deviant behavior that alters the body... •piercings... •branding
Deviance
A behavior, trait, or belief that violates a norm and causes…
Conformity
Follow social norms
49 terms
Sociology, Sociology 2
Sociology
The institutions of sociology
institution
Auguste Comte
the study of human behavior interacting with people, cultures…
G- Government ... R- Religion... E- Education... E- Economics... F- Family
must be established ... must have organization ... must have a purp…
Father of Sociology ... coined the term sociology ... separated the…
Sociology
the study of human behavior interacting with people, cultures…
The institutions of sociology
G- Government ... R- Religion... E- Education... E- Economics... F- Family
31 terms
Sociology; 2
Sustainability
The beauty of ecology
Environmental justice
Material vs. ideal
an issue of environmentalism ... -including topics such as clima…
an issue of environmentalism ... -including issues of biodiversi…
-an issue of environmentalism... - including concerns over inequ…
part of the motivation axis of contextuality... -ex: material is…
Sustainability
an issue of environmentalism ... -including topics such as clima…
The beauty of ecology
an issue of environmentalism ... -including issues of biodiversi…
25 terms
Sociology #2
Four agents of socialozatin
Heredity
Personality
Sociobiology
FAMILY, peers, school, media
Transmission of genetic characteristics
Sum of total behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that a…
Study of the biological basis for all social behavior
Four agents of socialozatin
FAMILY, peers, school, media
Heredity
Transmission of genetic characteristics
59 terms
Sociology Chapters 1 and 2
Sociological perspective
context
Society
Social location
Stresses the social contexts in which people live and how tho…
surrounding or environment
A group of people who share a culture.
The corners in life that people occupy because of their place…
Sociological perspective
Stresses the social contexts in which people live and how tho…
context
surrounding or environment
31 terms
Sociology 2
Theory
Theorizing
Structural Functionalist
Social Fact
An attempt to explain facts or observed phenomena.
The activity of attempting to find explanations to account fo…
Uses an organic, or biological analogy for society. Approache…
Patterned ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that exist ou…
Theory
An attempt to explain facts or observed phenomena.
Theorizing
The activity of attempting to find explanations to account fo…
17 terms
Sociology Ch 14 Sec 2- The Sociology of Religion
sacred
profane
religion
ritual
anything that is considered to be part of the supernatural wo…
anything considered to be part of the ordinary world and thus…
system of roles and norms organized around the sacred realm t…
established pattern of behavior through which a group of beli…
sacred
anything that is considered to be part of the supernatural wo…
profane
anything considered to be part of the ordinary world and thus…
9 terms
Sociology 2
Relativity of deviance
stigma
sociobiologist
psychologist
what is deviant to some groups, is not deviant to others
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
looks for answers within people, inherited characteristics ar…
answers within ppl, personality disorders are reason for devi…
Relativity of deviance
what is deviant to some groups, is not deviant to others
stigma
"blemishes" that discredit a person's claim to a "normal" ide…
21 terms
Sociology 2
Postmodern persepctives
Hypothesis
Variable
Independent Variable
The sociological approach that attempts to explain social lif…
a statement of the expected relationship between two or more…
in sociological research, any concept with measurable traits…
in an experiment, the variable assumed to be the cause of the…
Postmodern persepctives
The sociological approach that attempts to explain social lif…
Hypothesis
a statement of the expected relationship between two or more…
24 terms
Sociology 2
Stratification
Social Stratification
Social Stratification (2)
Slavery System
The process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a m…
Social Stratification refers to the unequal manner in which s…
Social Stratification is a Social Process... • Social stratifica…
It is an extreme form of inequality in which some individuals…
Stratification
The process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a m…
Social Stratification
Social Stratification refers to the unequal manner in which s…
23 terms
Sociology 2
Wealthfare
Prejudice
Racism
Living Wage
discounted use of public resources, tax breaks, grants, etc.…
Negative attitudes/beliefs that affect interactions
Widespread idealology that groups can be distinguished by phy…
Difference between minimum wage an the actual wage it takes t…
Wealthfare
discounted use of public resources, tax breaks, grants, etc.…
Prejudice
Negative attitudes/beliefs that affect interactions
17 terms
Sociology 2
Technology, language, symbols values,…
Folkways
Mores
Technology
5 components of culture
Socially acceptable behavior
Great moral significance not accept ale
Combinations of objects and values and skills to produce some…
Technology, language, symbols values,…
5 components of culture
Folkways
Socially acceptable behavior
40 terms
Sociology 2
Merton's anomie theory
White collar crime
Professional crime
Organized crime
Explains why people accept or reject the goals of a society,…
Illegal acts committed in the course of business activities,…
A career of crime involving a person who pursues crime as a d…
The work of a group that regulates relations between various…
Merton's anomie theory
Explains why people accept or reject the goals of a society,…
White collar crime
Illegal acts committed in the course of business activities,…
21 terms
Sociology 2
values
norms
folkways
mores/taboo
integrity, honesty, hard work, freedom
specific guidelines for actions; says how people should behav…
manners-saying thank you, paying bills, formal dress in churc…
morally significant-cannibalism, incest, murder, child abuse
values
integrity, honesty, hard work, freedom
norms
specific guidelines for actions; says how people should behav…
25 terms
Sociology 2
Native Americans
Whites
Asian Americans
African Americans
__________ have the highest percentage of families in poverty…
__________ have the lowest percentage of families in poverty…
__________ have the highest percentage of college degrees at…
__________ have 77% of its population receiving high school d…
Native Americans
__________ have the highest percentage of families in poverty…
Whites
__________ have the lowest percentage of families in poverty…
43 terms
sociology 2
Sex
Gender
Gender Role
Gender Identity
biological X and Y chromosomes
male or female, masculinity or femininity based on social lab…
How we are supposed to behave based on the label given to us
how we see ourselves
Sex
biological X and Y chromosomes
Gender
male or female, masculinity or femininity based on social lab…
32 terms
Sociology 2
Love bombing
Nutrition control
Brainwashing
Lieutenants
drowns prospects in a sea of love... works on vulnerable people
food as a tool... purposely alters chemicals in body
mind control
key leaders under main person... enforce rules/culture of the cult
Love bombing
drowns prospects in a sea of love... works on vulnerable people
Nutrition control
food as a tool... purposely alters chemicals in body
16 terms
Sociology #2
Interpretive sociology
Replication
Critical sociology
Gender
The study of society focusing on the meanings people attach t…
Repetition of research by other investigators
The study of society that focuses on the need for social change
The personal traits and social positions that members of a so…
Interpretive sociology
The study of society focusing on the meanings people attach t…
Replication
Repetition of research by other investigators
19 terms
Sociology #2
Qualitative methods
Quantitative methods
Survey
Population
narrative and descriptive (yes or no answers)
numerical data
research method in which people respond to questions
the group of specific people taking the survey
Qualitative methods
narrative and descriptive (yes or no answers)
Quantitative methods
numerical data
60 terms
Sociology 2
What is culture?
defining features of culture
what does culture do?
material culture
a complex collection of values,beliefs, behaviours and materi…
1. learned... 2. shared... 3. transmitted... 4. cumulative... 5. human
1. tells us what to do in various situations... 2. indicates rig…
tangible artifacts (clothing, buildings, weapons)
What is culture?
a complex collection of values,beliefs, behaviours and materi…
defining features of culture
1. learned... 2. shared... 3. transmitted... 4. cumulative... 5. human
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