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Study sets matching "sociology 2"

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Study sets matching "sociology 2"

20 terms
Sociology 2
Culture
Material goods
Values
Norms
shared ways of life within a society, including material good…
physical goods that a society creates which influence the way…
culturally defined standards that serve as guidelines for soc…
rules and expectations by which a society guides behaviors of…
Culture
shared ways of life within a society, including material good…
Material goods
physical goods that a society creates which influence the way…
20 terms
Sociology 2
Labeling
Looking Glass
Generalized other
Agents of Socialization
We become what we're addressed by ("smart one" "ditsy one")
Born blank slates; internalize and develop what others mirror…
"I" is unique... "Me" is socialized
Family... religion... Peer groups... Media ... School
Labeling
We become what we're addressed by ("smart one" "ditsy one")
Looking Glass
Born blank slates; internalize and develop what others mirror…
16 terms
Sociology 2
culture
material culture
nonmaterial culture
culture shock
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even mat…
material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as…
a group's way of thinking, beliefs, values, and assumptions o…
personal disorientation when experiencing a very different wa…
culture
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even mat…
material culture
material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as…
23 terms
Sociology 2
Scientific method
Hypotheses
Concept
Variable
Process of gathering empirical data, creating series and rigo…
In sociological research ideas about the world that describe…
Summarize of phenomena
Concept that can take on two or more possible values
Scientific method
Process of gathering empirical data, creating series and rigo…
Hypotheses
In sociological research ideas about the world that describe…
20 terms
Sociology 2
Quantitative research
Qualitative research
survey
population
measured by numerical value
descriptive or identified by a relationship
most widely used research method, people are asked a series o…
all of the people with the characteristics a researcher wants…
Quantitative research
measured by numerical value
Qualitative research
descriptive or identified by a relationship
13 terms
Sociology 2
Research Methods
Deductive Approach
Inductive Approach
Hypothesis
Standard rules that social scientists follow when trying to e…
Theory, Hypothesis, Empirical Observations, Analyze data
Empirical Observation, Theory, Determine if there's a correla…
A proposed relationship between two variables, represented by…
Research Methods
Standard rules that social scientists follow when trying to e…
Deductive Approach
Theory, Hypothesis, Empirical Observations, Analyze data
40 terms
Sociology 2
Customs
Formal Organizations
Bureaucracy
Macro culture
-habits that over time become institutionalized
-networks unified by a common purpose ... -focused on specific g…
- a complex organizational model designed to complete complex…
-a system of beliefs shared among a group of people... -values…
Customs
-habits that over time become institutionalized
Formal Organizations
-networks unified by a common purpose ... -focused on specific g…
44 terms
Sociology 2
Socialization
Social isolation
Human nature
Self
Process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs and…
Individual grew up in social isolation don't act human cuz he…
Characteristic ( feelings, psychlogy, behaviors) share by all…
Comes from the society.... Our experience different than others
Socialization
Process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs and…
Social isolation
Individual grew up in social isolation don't act human cuz he…
62 terms
Sociology 2
Institution do what?
Bonding
Limbic system
The life course
Resocialize
First 6 months is crucial. Total of 3years
Center of emotional arousal
Childhood... Adolescence ... Adulthood... Old age... Death
Institution do what?
Resocialize
Bonding
First 6 months is crucial. Total of 3years
83 terms
Sociology 2
Deviance
Theoretical perspectives on deviance
Benefits of deviance (functionalism)
Merton's strain theory (functionalism)
Violation of cultural norms... Social definition... Varies between…
Conflict theory... Deviance defined to suit needs of the powerfu…
Clarifies norms... Promotes needed social change (black rights)…
Deviance occurs when people feel they can't legitimately obta…
Deviance
Violation of cultural norms... Social definition... Varies between…
Theoretical perspectives on deviance
Conflict theory... Deviance defined to suit needs of the powerfu…
44 terms
Sociology 2
Social Facilitation
Social Inhabition
Social distance
Cohesiveness
The presence of others enhances performance
The presence of other decreases our performance
a persons acceptable degree of relationship with members of a…
groups important to you, stick together. however if it is too…
Social Facilitation
The presence of others enhances performance
Social Inhabition
The presence of other decreases our performance
Sociology 2
Iron Law of Oligarchy
Basic Scientific Management
Human Relations Approach
Most successful organization are a____…
few rule the many
Fredrick Taylor
Elton Mayo
Mix of Both
Iron Law of Oligarchy
few rule the many
Basic Scientific Management
Fredrick Taylor
71 terms
sociology 2
social group
in-groups
out-groups
reference group
collection of people who share a... common identity and regularl…
groups toward which one feels particular loyalty and respect
groups toward which one feels antagonism and contempt
groups that provide a standard for judgement or comparison
social group
collection of people who share a... common identity and regularl…
in-groups
groups toward which one feels particular loyalty and respect
29 terms
sociology 2
Social Stratification
Life chances
Open system:
Closed system
hierarchy of social groups based on differential control over…
access to resources such as food, clothing, shelter, educatio…
boundaries between hierarchies maybe influenced by people's a…
boundaries between hierarchies are rigid, people's positions…
Social Stratification
hierarchy of social groups based on differential control over…
Life chances
access to resources such as food, clothing, shelter, educatio…
16 terms
Sociology #2
domain content analysis assumptions
economic determinism
ethical issues
ethnomethodology
derived from real life experiences; they are how we make sens…
an aspect of Marxist theory that suggests all social, politic…
issues which have a moral dimension, such as the debates over…
developed by Garfinkel as a challenge to orthodox sociology,…
domain content analysis assumptions
derived from real life experiences; they are how we make sens…
economic determinism
an aspect of Marxist theory that suggests all social, politic…
42 terms
sociology 2
deviance
social control
positive sanctoins
negative sanctions
a violation of established social norms
the regulation and control of norms
an expression of approval for compliance
an expression of disapproval for noncompliance
deviance
a violation of established social norms
social control
the regulation and control of norms
56 terms
Sociology Exam 2
Know the three levels of social contro…
Deviance
Moral entrepreneurs
Crime
1) Through internalized self-control, we police ourselves... Ex.…
refers to norm violations that typically result in disapprova…
are people who attempt to create and enforce new definitions…
is behavior that is subject to legal or civil penalties ... Ex.…
Know the three levels of social contro…
1) Through internalized self-control, we police ourselves... Ex.…
Deviance
refers to norm violations that typically result in disapprova…
74 terms
sociology 2
stratification
ontological equality
equality of opportunity
equality of condition
systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise a…
the notion that everyone is created equal in the eyes of God
inequality is acceptable so long as everyone has the same opp…
idea that everyone should have an equal starting point from w…
stratification
systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise a…
ontological equality
the notion that everyone is created equal in the eyes of God
14 terms
Sociology #2
Racism
Sexism
Minority Group
Prejudice
The belief that some reacial groups are naturally superior an…
The set of cultural and social processes that justify and pro…
A racially or culturally self-conscious population, with here…
Attitudes of aversion and hostility toward the members of a g…
Racism
The belief that some reacial groups are naturally superior an…
Sexism
The set of cultural and social processes that justify and pro…
25 terms
Sociology Terms 2
Bifurcated Consciousness
Breaching Experiments
Bureaucracy
Business
A type of consciousness characteristic of women that reflects…
Experiments in which background social rules are violated in…
A modern type of organization in which the behavior of office…
A pecuniary approach to economic processes in which the domin…
Bifurcated Consciousness
A type of consciousness characteristic of women that reflects…
Breaching Experiments
Experiments in which background social rules are violated in…
24 terms
Sociology 2
Conflict
Exchange of goods and services
Status plays the greatest role in shap…
Two person group
Deliberate attempt to control a petson by force
Barter
Master status
Dyad
Conflict
Deliberate attempt to control a petson by force
Exchange of goods and services
Barter
24 terms
Sociology 2
longitudinal study
cross sectional study
experimental group
control group
too much time and money
less accurate
experiment
way used to be-nothing changes
longitudinal study
too much time and money
cross sectional study
less accurate
Sociology 2
Stratification
Social equality
Dialectic
Ontological equality
structured social inequality or, more specifically, systemati…
a condition whereby no differences in wealth, power, prestige…
a two-directional relationship, one that goes both ways.
the notion that everyone is created equal at birth.
Stratification
structured social inequality or, more specifically, systemati…
Social equality
a condition whereby no differences in wealth, power, prestige…
76 terms
Sociology 2
Socialization
Knowledge and skills.... Norms and values…
Self awareness and image
Looking glass self
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
3 outcome goals of socialization
A distinct identity that sets us apart from others.
A concept that emphasizes the self as the Prodcut of our soci…
Socialization
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their…
Knowledge and skills.... Norms and values…
3 outcome goals of socialization
10 terms
Sociology 2
agents of socialization
federal children
laten functions
manifest functions
individuals or groups that affect our self-concept, attitudes…
children assumed to have been raised by animals, in the wilde…
unintended beneficial consequences of people's action
the intended beneficial consequences of people's actions
agents of socialization
individuals or groups that affect our self-concept, attitudes…
federal children
children assumed to have been raised by animals, in the wilde…
57 terms
sociology #2
Social control
Conformity (definition and examples)
obedience (definition and examples)
the Milgram experiment
The techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human be…
Abiding by the norms of our peers even though they have no di…
Doing what a person in a position of authority over you says…
The real purpose of the study was to see how far the teacher/…
Social control
The techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human be…
Conformity (definition and examples)
Abiding by the norms of our peers even though they have no di…
60 terms
Sociology #2
sex
Gender
sexuality
gender essentialism
-males, females, inter-sexed... -biological construction based p…
-masculinity, femininity... -gender binary
concept that includes an individuals desires, behaviors, sexu…
idea that women and men are intrinsically different... -"men are…
sex
-males, females, inter-sexed... -biological construction based p…
Gender
-masculinity, femininity... -gender binary
20 terms
Sociology 2
Population
Sample
Representative sample
Questionnaire
A group of people w/ certain specific characteristics
Group of people who represent a larger population
Accurately reflects the characteristics of the pop. as a whole
Written set of questions
Population
A group of people w/ certain specific characteristics
Sample
Group of people who represent a larger population
27 terms
Sociology 2
Altruistic Suicide
Anomic suicide
Content analysis
Correlation
Durkeim's term for suicide that results from extreme commitme…
Durkeim's term for suicide that results from a condition of s…
A research method that provides a way to systematically organ…
A regularly occurring relationship between two variables
Altruistic Suicide
Durkeim's term for suicide that results from extreme commitme…
Anomic suicide
Durkeim's term for suicide that results from a condition of s…
29 terms
Sociology 2
Culture shock
Nonmaterial Culture
Material culture
Cultural relativism
Disorientation due to the inability to make sense out of one'…
The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society
Tangible things created by members of society
More accurate understanding
Culture shock
Disorientation due to the inability to make sense out of one'…
Nonmaterial Culture
The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society
54 terms
Sociology 2
Symbolic interaction theory
Is Symbolic interaction theory MICRO o…
Why is Symbolic interaction theory MIC…
Social Creation of Reality
explains social behavior in terms of how people interact with…
MICRO
because of face to face interaction
Being an active participant in creating social reality. On a…
Symbolic interaction theory
explains social behavior in terms of how people interact with…
Is Symbolic interaction theory MICRO o…
MICRO
44 terms
Sociology #2
culture
ethnocentrism
cultural relativism
norms
the way of thinking and acting
judging the ways of other individuals or societies, negative…
trying to understand another culture
rules of behavior
culture
the way of thinking and acting
ethnocentrism
judging the ways of other individuals or societies, negative…
36 terms
Sociology 2
Culture
Material culture
Nonmaterial culture
Norms
Peoples reactions to their environment/ how they live (always…
Concrete, tangible, objects within a culture, observable
Beliefs, ideas, and knowledge, not observable
Rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior- differ…
Culture
Peoples reactions to their environment/ how they live (always…
Material culture
Concrete, tangible, objects within a culture, observable
27 terms
Sociology 2
Norms
Folkways
Mores
Taboos
Culturally defined behavioral expectations
Aught not; no moral attatchments (laws)
Should not; moral attatchment (values)
Never do ex. Incest, canibalism
Norms
Culturally defined behavioral expectations
Folkways
Aught not; no moral attatchments (laws)
29 terms
Sociology2
Socialization
The Right of Passage
Anticipatory socialization
resocializations
interaction between human beings; through this, individuals d…
moving from one status of a socially defined position to anot…
where you rehearse for a future position in society
eliminates former behavior patterns and accepts new ones
Socialization
interaction between human beings; through this, individuals d…
The Right of Passage
moving from one status of a socially defined position to anot…
21 terms
Sociology #2
What does the research of isolated chi…
What does the research of feral childr…
What does institutionalized children t…
What does the research of deprived ani…
That a language must be acquired to get values, beliefs and c…
That a lot of the norms and cultures and behavior derives fro…
Interaction is needed to boost intelligence.
Human contact is needed for being :human"
What does the research of isolated chi…
That a language must be acquired to get values, beliefs and c…
What does the research of feral childr…
That a lot of the norms and cultures and behavior derives fro…
39 terms
Sociology 2
racial stratification
institutional racism
neoliberalism
symbolic interactionism
system where distinct races are recognized and one or more ra…
institution/social dynamics that may seem race neutral but ac…
no government interference
the meanings of things are learned socially
racial stratification
system where distinct races are recognized and one or more ra…
institutional racism
institution/social dynamics that may seem race neutral but ac…
10 terms
Sociology 2
validity
surveys
secondary data analysis
participant observation
the degree to which a sociological measure accurately reflect…
collect data from subjects who respond to a series of questio…
using data collected by others but applying new interpretations
when a researcher immerses herself in a group or social setti…
validity
the degree to which a sociological measure accurately reflect…
surveys
collect data from subjects who respond to a series of questio…
32 terms
OpenStax Sociology 2 Research
case study
code of ethics
content analysis
control group
in-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
a set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
applying a systematic approach to record and value informatio…
an experimental group that is not exposed to the independent…
case study
in-depth analysis of a single event, situation, or individual
code of ethics
a set of guidelines that the American Sociological Associatio…
8 terms
Sociology 2
subjected method
reputational method
objected method
social mobility
individuals are asked to determine their own social rank
individuals in community are asked to rank other community me…
sociologists define social class by income, occupation, & edu…
movement between social classes
subjected method
individuals are asked to determine their own social rank
reputational method
individuals in community are asked to rank other community me…
9 terms
sociology 2
violent crime
poverty crime
victimless crime
white collar crime
murder rape robbery
stealing
prostitution, illegal gambling, drug use
offenses of higher social class
violent crime
murder rape robbery
poverty crime
stealing
140 terms
2 Sociology
abortion
anecdote
antisocial
astray
流產
趣聞
反社會的
迷路
abortion
流產
anecdote
趣聞
8 terms
sociology 2
Survey
Experiment
experimental group
Observation
series of questions asked of a number of people
the time-honored method for examining causal relationships be…
experiences manipulation of independent variable and control…
the researcher directly observes the behavior of individuals…
Survey
series of questions asked of a number of people
Experiment
the time-honored method for examining causal relationships be…
7 terms
Sociology 2
Ethnography
Reflexivity
Replicability
Bias
Studying people in their own environment in order to understa…
How the identity and activities of the researcher influence w…
Research that can be repeated
Opinion that may affect the research or analysis.
Ethnography
Studying people in their own environment in order to understa…
Reflexivity
How the identity and activities of the researcher influence w…
9 terms
sociology 2
interactivity
temporal structure
social cues
replicability
the ability of a medium to enable social interaction between…
synchronous - face to face, phone calls... asynchronous - emails…
body langauge... digital has less
face to face convos are gone unless recorded... online things ca…
interactivity
the ability of a medium to enable social interaction between…
temporal structure
synchronous - face to face, phone calls... asynchronous - emails…
Sociology 2
Social differentitation
Class is ascibed at birth
Ethinic group
Racial group
How people cary according to social characerisitics
Which of the following is a true of caste system?
A category of people defined by cultural chacteristics is a/an?
A category of people defined by physical and biological chara…
Social differentitation
How people cary according to social characerisitics
Class is ascibed at birth
Which of the following is a true of caste system?
44 terms
Sociology 2
Poltical spectrum
Demoractic process
Affirmative action
Laissez faire
A system of classifying different poltical positions
Is the way we make something happen (for the people, of the p…
Business or government agency special rights regarding hiring…
Government hands off the free market (conservatives)
Poltical spectrum
A system of classifying different poltical positions
Demoractic process
Is the way we make something happen (for the people, of the p…
29 terms
Sociology 2
Science
Empirical Evidence
Concept
Variable
A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic o…
Information we can verify with our senses.
A mental construct that represents some aspect of the world i…
A concept whose value changes from case to case.
Science
A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic o…
Empirical Evidence
Information we can verify with our senses.
21 terms
Sociology 2
Personality
Heredity
Instinct
Sociobiology
Is the sum total of behavior, attitudes, beliefs and values t…
Transmision of genetic characteristics from parents to childr…
Is an unchanging, biologically inherited behavior pattern
Is the systematic study of the biological basis of all social…
Personality
Is the sum total of behavior, attitudes, beliefs and values t…
Heredity
Transmision of genetic characteristics from parents to childr…
10 terms
sociology 2
ethnocentrism
folkway
gender socialization
individualist culture
basing your perception on other cultures based your own cultu…
customs or conventions for everyday life.
process of learning that social expectations and attitudes ar…
a society that is characterized by individualism.
ethnocentrism
basing your perception on other cultures based your own cultu…
folkway
customs or conventions for everyday life.
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